You are on page 1of 11


A. Description
A resume is a brief document which highlights an individual's experience, qualifications, and skills, in the hopes of securing
a job interview. In some regions of the world, the term “resume” is used interchangeably with Curriculum Vitae (CV), while in
other places, the two terms refer to very different documents. A resume is a standard inclusion with any job or internship
application, and it may be requested for applicants into graduate and professional schools as well. As a general rule, a resume is
only one page long, although special circumstances may call for an additional page
The primary differences between a resume and curriculum vitae (CV) are the length, what is included and what each is used
for. A resume is a one or two page summary of your skills, experience and education. While a resume is brief and concise - no
more than a page or two, Curriculum Vitae is a longer (at least two page) and more detailed synopsis.
A good resume contains basic information about the applicant, organized in a way which is easy for the reader to
comprehend. Clear contact information is usually at the top, followed by work experience, educational achievements, a list of
skills, relevant certifications or awards, and contact information for references, though not necessarily in this order. The
organization of a resume is a fine art, and it requires some work to create a strong resume. In some cases, people ask for
professional help when assembling a resume.
Your resume needs to be professional and polished; because if you don't have a professional resume, your application
materials probably won't get second glances from any hiring manager.
B. Professional (and Unprofessional) Resumes
There are some resumes that are riddled with typos. Some of them are inconsistent - bullets in some places, dashes in
others, bold in some headings, plain text in others. One of the worst examples of a supposedly professional resume was a resume
on bright green neon paper. Your resume, to be effective, needs to be consistent, concise, and clear and easy to read.
C. Resume Format
First Section: Your Contact Information (Centre and Bold)
First Name Last Name
Street Address
City, State, Zip
Phone (Cell/Home)
Email Addressp
Objective (optional) (Bold Title)
What do you want to do? If you include this section it should be a sentence or two about your employment goals. A customized
objective that describes why you are the perfect candidate for the job can help your resume stand out from the competition.
Career Highlights / Qualifications (optional) (Bold Title)
A customized section of your resume that lists key achievements, skills, traits, and experience relevant to the position for which
you are applying can serve dual purposes. It highlights your relevant experience and lets the prospective employer know that you
have taken the time to create a resume that shows how you are qualified for the job.


Company #1 City.Experience (Bold Titles) This section of your resume includes your work history. list the colleges you attended. the degrees you attained. 14 . College.e. computer skills. State Dates Worked Job Title Responsibilities / Achievements Responsibilities / Achievements Education(Bold Title) In the education section of your resume. and any special awards and honours you earned. List the companies you worked for. the positions you held and a bulleted list of responsibilities and achievements for each job. dates of employment. language skills. Honours Skills (Bold Title) List your skills related to the position / career field that you are applying for i. Degree Awards. State Dates Worked Job Title Responsibilities / Achievements Responsibilities / Achievements Company #2 City.

detail-oriented and interpersonal skills along with my exceptional common sense to improve services and products. To be expert in analyzing and solving the most complex problems. reduce warranty costs.000. reduce project lead times. procedures and processes including engines/transmission control.  Research. leadership and mentoring. Resume Example For Engineer Kenneth R. MI. Self motivated professional. reduce costs and lead times. MI 48855 Home: (517)555-1111 Mobile: (734)666-1111 Email: krzajac@email. products. 48150 Chief R&D Engineering Technologist 2001 to Present  Conduct Six Sigma and Lean Six Sigma projects to reduce engineering rework. continuous improvement or quality at a growing. Livonia. delight customers and help and mentor others. My solutions have saved over $23. All the while engaging in new challenges and learning experiences. My engineering forte is in electrical/electronic and automated test systems. custom data acquisition and NVH testing systems. controls. electrical/electronic or transportation corporation where I can use my strong analytical. daily supervision. Zajac 8999 Lantree Dr ~ Howell. test and problem-solving. performance review. capable of working independently or as part of a OBJECTIVE To obtain an engineering management or senior engineering position in R&D. development and implementation of all technologies. standards.000 in costs to date.  Evaluated work assignments and developed a master schedule for multiple projects to facilitate proper usage of 15 . Chief Controls Engineer 1984 to 2001  Managed a group of 20+ engineers including hiring. PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE Advanced Technology & Test 1979 to Present Stark Rd. salary administration.D. research and development. improve processes. and improve product quality and manufacturability. medical. people-oriented. SUMMARY of QUALIFICATIONS Extensive experiences in engineering and management. high-technology consumer. test. mentoring and training.

it must include marital status.Ford Motor Company 1977 to 1979 Dearborn. publications. 3. major. etc. political views. then briefly explain that you understand accounting and administration. Place and Date of Birth. EDUCATION Ferris State University 1973 to 1977 Big Rapids. complete with year in and year graduated. affiliations and other details. Do not include the ability that you do not have. MI Electrical Engineer  Service. education. data acquisition and control functions. curriculum vitae are used primarily when applying for academic. or Asia. as well as the rules vary. Education Include formal education and training / courses you have attended. 4. and attach photos. It is also applicable when applying for fellowships or grants.). In Europe. marital status. scientific or research positions. The Sequence starts from the formal education first. presentations. the abilities that you write / put it you should really have.  Designed and implemented custom electronic circuits for signal conditioning. place and date of birth. C. in a CV. courses. Work experience 16 . habits. Identity (Personal Data) Include your clear identity. you should have it. Marital Status. For example. Tips & Tricks Make / Writing Curriculum Vitae The Format of Curriculum Vitae (CV) in every country is different. used to work using a computer. place and date of birth. Description A Curriculum Vita includes a summary of your educational and academic backgrounds as well as teaching and research experience. Writing Curriculum Vitae 1. Religion. level of study. honours.  Specify and approve the purchase of automation equipment from suppliers. Phone. Gender. Suppose you apply for work in the fields of accounting. MI  Bachelor of Science Electrical & Electronic Engineering II. taxation system. CURRICULUM VITAE (CV) A. In the United States. or Resume to the company / agency / institution in Indonesia (both for companies and agencies of local. Especially for e-mail. then non-formal education (training. B. etc. Full Address. national. such as: Full Name. Of course. employers may expect to receive curriculum vitae. repair and design engineering of controls systems for factory automation in the Metal Stamping Division. the Middle East. This is because it is influenced by culture. While in Indonesia is the opposite. Ability Briefly describe your skills that are relevant to the proposed field work. Africa. and e-mail address (if any). the standard CV in the United States (USA) do not need to include things that are considered to be very personal such as photos. Nationality. and the name of the institution. Height and Weight. Here are some things that should be considered in making a Curriculum Vitae (CV). awards. or international). 2.

If you have any doubts that the person will give positive information about you." It should be relevant to the type of job you are applying it. Sequence starts from the last job (title or position). 4. Typed with a standard letter formal letter CV should not be handwritten. Important: In case the inclusion of names of people that will be used as a reference. of course. so your experience as a village chief or badminton champion. irrelevant. Use plain white paper CV should not use a plain background image (image base).g. include references. for example. responsibility and work authority. just skip this number 5. 7. As well as working period. and official dress (e. Photos. that is.e.. such as diplomas. just skip this number 7. transcripts. Other support experiences (if any) Include other experiences that support "your campaign. you should be very sure that these people really know about you and will give positive information about yourself. Use the standard size and type letters (black colour). Supporting documents Enclose documents or evidence about things that are written in a CV (resume). month and year started and ended occupy these positions. (supporting documents in the form of photocopy). Letters. Job Reference (if any) If possible. Paper. 6.Include a brief description of your job in previous company. Latest Photos Please attach a recent photograph in size 3x4 or 4x6. 17 . etc. You should select / sort the documents which are the most important and relevant to attach. i. 2. It is recommended to use a colour photograph. complete with position. those who can be contacted by the selectors job application to ask the important things about yourself (usually a boss where you worked before). certificates or awards. font type Arial or Times New Roman. 5. Better not use the CV form sold in stores. If you apply for the position of computer programmers. then you do not need to include references to such work (just skip this number 6). So if there is no relevant. Supporting Documents 1. If there is no relevant. full suit with tie). 3. Organizational Experience (if any) Include the relevant organizational experience (appropriate or associated) with the type of job you are applying it. but typed. achievements (if any).

etc. 18 . if the company requested / required to enclose a transcript. compassion. if the transcript of the value is good. selling and marketing something. integrity. if you are leaving school or college or university and putting together your first CV. but you can certainly illustrate and prove that you have qualities gained and learned from your life experience. fixing and making things. communications and ICT (information and communications technology especially computing and websites). Conversely. D. Writing CVs with no career history or work experience Experience is in everything we do .Important: If your grade transcripts are not good. responsibility. creativity. such as:  leadership  teamwork  creativity  initiative  problem-solving  self-motivation  discipline  reliability  compassion and humanity  love and care for others  Specific abilities with numbers. Consider and show achievements and qualities from your life. then you do not need to attach them because the CV or resume is your self-promotion.especially in the most important areas such as maturity (grown-up attitudes) and emotional intelligence. language. then you are "forced" to enclose it. etc . you just have to enclose them. problemsolving. However. You'll not have a career history. relevant to the job. determination. that employers will recognise and want. then look for the relevant transferable experiences and learning in your life experience.these are the qualities employers really seek .

your college or university experience. It's a bullet point description of your experience and/or your capabilities. These are effectively your personal strengths.In non-employed situations such as:  school or college projects and responsibilities  part-time jobs  sport  voluntary work  clubs  caring  supervising. If you are at the beginning or very early stage of your career you will not have much or any work experience to refer to. capabilities and passions. depending 19 . initiative. reliability. Prospective employers look for key indicators of integrity. Make sure you orientate these simple statements to meet the requirements of the reader. If you have a serious qualification and it's relevant. determination. confident and positive when you construct these key statements. social or sports achievements. passion. Again try to use powerful statements and impressive language . cost-management. use these sub-headings or similar) Heading Simply your name followed by the word or 'CV' or 'Curriculum Vitae' ('Resume' is used more in the USA).be bold and check that your chosen language and descriptions look confident and positive. and bring out the aspects that will be relevant to the way you would work. Orientate the descriptions to the type of job you are seeking. diligence. planning. people-skills. include it as the final point. originality. in which case you must refer to other aspects of your life experience . your hobbies. creativity. Personal Profile (and/or Attributes) Five to seven high impact statements those describe you. teaching. in other words ensure the experience/strengths are relevant to the type of job/responsibility that you are seeking. enthusiasm. organisational ability. Curriculum Vitae Structure (Other than 'Title'. E. helping young people  charity work  hobbies outdoor activities  holidays and travel and any other personal interests which illustrate your strengths. Experience (and/or Specialism or Capabilities) This is not your career history. Be bold. technical skill.

but after working for 5-10 years. especially if you've achieved further training and qualifications. Here are some samples and examples of descriptive phrases and words for writing impressive and professional CVs.not necessarily the months. Ensure you refer to facts. Show your job title(s). and what the employers will find most relevant and useful. sex (if not obvious from your name). experience and achievements. number of children and ages if applicable. CV words and phrases examples .strong drive and keen business mind 20 . and ideally to provide examples or evidence if asked. and encapsulate them in snappy. Ensure that when you use or adapt or combine any of these descriptions that you are able to back up your claims under questioning at interview. impressive statements. These achievements should back up your Personal Profile claims earlier . marital status. college. If so then this section can be placed after or before the Personal Details. capabilities. so find examples of the relevant required behaviours from your life. Keep all this information very tight. address.on the job. Use a generally recognised job title if the actual job title is misleading or unclear.. qualifications. capabilities. or given higher prominence if the situation warrants it. F. Achievements It is about high impact descriptions of your major achievements.not necessarily the full address. For example your school/college exams subjects and grades would be highly relevant when you are seeking your first job.they are the evidence that you can do what you say.high personal standards and attention to detail  methodical and rigorous approach to achieving tasks and objectives  entrepreneurial and pro-active . as a way of giving them greater emphasis and clarity. uses initiative to develop effective solutions to problems  reliable and dependable .  determined and decisive. Personal Details Potentially this section enables sub-headings to provide details of full name. Start with the most recent or present job and end with the first. figures and timescales prospective employers look for quantitative information . rather than within the Personal Details. Show starting and finishing years . city address . compact and concise. phone. email. etc Use strong professional-looking phrases in describing your personality. As ever include and emphasise details according to the jobs you are seeking. university and dates). education (school. not vague claims.personal profile.hard facts. Career History A tight compact neatly presented summary of your career history. date of birth. Show company name. Education and Qualifications Depending on the person and the job vacancy and the employer's expectations it is often better to show education and qualifications in a separate section. The level of detail and type of detail in this section should change as your career progresses. your school/college qualifications warrant far less detail and prominence.

good planner. identifies and develops opportunities. uses initiative to meet and resolve challenges  strives for quality and applies process and discipline towards optimising performance  extremely reliable and dependable .enthusiastic in finding openings and opportunities  creative and entrepreneurial networker .hard-working  emotionally well with others.good communicator. creative problem-solver  good starter . strives for quality  methodical approach to planning and organising . calming and positive temperament.analytical and questioning. motivates and encourages  high integrity. innovates and makes things happen  good strategic appreciation and vision. tolerant and understanding  seeks and finds solutions to challenges .sets aims and targets and leads by example  good interpersonal skills . good time-manager  seeks new responsibilities and uses initiative. able to build and implement sophisticated plans  determined and decisive.adaptable and flexible  well-organised.exceptionally positive attitude  great team-worker . leadership.effective project coordinator  reliable and dependable in meeting objectives . fastidious and thorough  decisive and results-driven.a calming influence  detailed and precise.reliable and dependable  self-aware .an efficient time-manager  self-driven and self-reliant . diligent and conscientious . self-sufficient 21 . organising and monitoring abilities .always seeking to learn and grow  seeks new responsibilities irrespective of reward and recognition  emotionally mature and confident .good time-manager  excellent interpersonal skills . high integrity  strong planning.

anticipates and takes initiative  systematic and logical .especially good with young children/elderly people/needy people/disadvantaged people. quick to respond to opportunities and problems  active and dynamic approach to work and getting things done  financially astute .develops and uses effective processes  good listener .strong analytical skills. determined and decisive  excellent interpersonal skills . develops and enables group buy-in  persistent and tenacious sales developer.commercially experienced and aware  excellent inter-personal and communications skills  sound planning and organizational capabilities  results oriented .detached and unemotional  completer-finisher.calming and positive temperament .focused on productive and high-yield activities  tolerant and understanding .compassionate and caring  sensitive and patient interpersonal and communication skills  high integrity and honesty.probing and resourceful  facilitative project manager. comfortable with demanding targets  resilient and thorough . high integrity  energetic and physically very fit. solid approach to achieving tasks and objectives.immaculate record-keeper  team-player . ethical and socially aware 22 . accurate and probing  good researcher .creative and methodical .loyal and determined  technically competent/qualified [state discipline or area. etc  emotionally mature . to whatever standard or level]  task-oriented . strategic and proactive . checks and follows up .caring and compassionate  critical thinker .good communicator.conversant with accounting systems and principles  tactical.

which often inspires others  calm. well-organised planner and scheduler 23 . reliable and dependable in meeting objectives . energetic and positive outlook.logical and numerate  seeks and finds good outcomes to challenges  adaptable and flexible.