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# simulation of transient heat transfer

in 2D free-form objects

PHYSIBEL

Introduction
The Physibel program BISTRA allows simulations of transient heat
transfer in 2D free-form objects.
This slide show highlights
how to solve a 2D transient problem using BISTRA
useful application examples
- ground heat losses and frost insulation
- fire engineering steel-concrete floor
- fire engineering window frame
- harmonic analysis of walls
- temperature of heated & unheated rooms

## Solving a 2D transient heat transfer

problem using BISTRA
1. Problem definition
The analysis of a fictitious problem shows the powerful performances of BISTRA.

## Solving a 2D transient heat transfer

problem using BISTRA
1. Problem definition
Materials with non-linear thermal properties, phase change materials (PCM) and
an argon filled gas layer bounded by a low emissivity surface occur.

## Solving a 2D transient heat transfer

problem using BISTRA
1. Problem definition
The water temperature in the tubes rises and a heat is released at the PCM border.

## Solving a 2D transient heat transfer

problem using BISTRA
2. Problem implementation: BISTRA program interface > windows
bitmap
colours
measures
borderline bcs
functions

bitmap window

## each colour corresponds to a material

or to a boundary condition

## drawing and fill tools available for

modifying the bitmap as in BISCO

colours window

## colour used in bitmap

material boundary condition type
specific standard rule, for example used to calculate the equivalent thermal conductivity
thermal conductivity
constant or
temperature
dependent
function

## global or convective surface coefficient

surface IR emissivity

density
specific heat
constant or
temperature
dependent
function

heat source
constant or time function

constant or
time function

functions window

functions

measures window

0.5 m

## 2. BISTRA program interface

calculation parameters
start-up calculation duration allows
transient start condition

problems

## both linear and non-linear radiation

model with automatic view factor
calculation

## recalculation of temperature dependent

quantities at each time step

animation output

## BISTRA application example 1

ground heat losses and frost insulation
BISTRA allows transient thermal simulations according to
EN ISO 13370
Thermal performance of buildings - Heat transfer via the ground Calculation methods
EN ISO 13793
Thermal performance of buildings - Thermal design of foundations
to avoid frost heave

## BISTRA application example 2

fire engineering steel-concrete floor
BISTRA allows fire engineering
simulations according to the
EUROCODES for structural calculations.
A fire curve (typically ISO 834) is
assumed at one side of the construction.
The simulation of the heat transfer by
allows predicting the temperature
evolution in the construction.
Temperature dependent material
properties (steel, concrete, ...) are
considered.

15 min

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## BISTRA application example 3

fire engineering window frame

## BISTRA application example 4

harmonic analysis of walls

## BISTRA application example 5

temperature of heated & unheated rooms

## BISTRA application example 6

For a south faade (double glazing,
aluminium frame, opaque insulation panel)
in Brussels the temperature distribution is
calculated, taking into account the solar
radiation transmitted through the glazing and

The Physibel program VOLTRA allows simulations of transient heat
transfer in 3D objects described with rectangular blocks.
VOLTRA has the same basic simulation performances as BISTRA.
BISTRA data can be imported ! The bitmap pixels are treated as
small rectangular blocks.
Further information can be found on: http://www.physibel
.be/v0n2vo.htm