You are on page 1of 25

Occupational Health and Safety Management

for Construction

Session:
Teacher:

07
Ramiro G. Castro Ochoa

Content

Personal Protection Equipment
Collective Protection Equipment
Other preventive measures

Closure

Occupational Health and Safety Management for Construction
Session 07

Remind… Occupational Health and Safety Management for Construction Session 07 .

Controls (preventive measures) Shares and / or tools that are determined and implemented to minimize the risk (avoid the occurrence of a hazardous event and / or reduce the possible damage) Occupational Health and Safety Management for Construction Session 07 .

CRITERIA = EXPERIENCE + KNOWLEDGE Occupational Health and Safety Management for Construction Session 07 .050. Technical Standard G. Health and Safety Regulations in Mining. etc) must be applied. foreign regulations or own methodologies of the organization (including criteria) must be applied.Control measures applied • Control measures specified in the current national regulations (eg. • In the absence of national regulations.

goggles. • However.Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) • PPE is the first measure one thinks about regarding the safety at the job site.boots • Gloves • Eye protection (glasses.helmet • Safety shoes . face shields) • Respiratory protection (masks and filters) • Auditory protection (earplugs) • Harness • Long sleeve shirts and pants Occupational Health and Safety Management for Construction Session 07 . it is actually the LAST measure to consider when dealing with a risk. Typical PPE: • Safety Hat .

with high-voltage shock and burn protection (up to 20. They also provide protection from impact and penetration hazards by flying/falling objects. Standards for reference: ANSI Z89.Safety hat: There are 3 types of safety hats: Safety hat class A (General): provide impact and penetration resistance along with limited voltage protection (up to 2.1-2003 NTP 399. Safety hat class B (Eléctrical): provide the highest level of protection against electrical hazards. Safety hat class C: provide lightweight comfort and impact protection but offer no protection from electrical hazards. Occupational Health and Safety Management for Construction Session 07 .018:1974 Cascos Equipo de Seguridad.000 volts). Requisitos y Ensayos.200 volts).

031:2004 Calzado de equipment and additional precautions to Seguridad Punteras Resistencia a reduce the risk of a worker becoming a path for la compresión hazardous electrical energy.Safety shoes: Safety shoes have impact-resistant toes and heatresistant soles that protect the feet against hot work surfaces common in roofing.029:2003 Calzado de of up to 600 volts in dry conditions and should Seguridad Punteras. paving and hot metal industries. ANSI Z41-1999. Electrical hazard safety shoes are nonconductive and will prevent the wearers’ feet from Standards for reference: completing an electrical circuit to the ground. The metal insoles of some safety shoes protect against puncture wounds.004:2003 Calzado These shoes can protect against open circuits NTP 241. Longitud be used in conjunction with other insulating NTP 241. NTP 241. ANSI Z41-1991. Occupational Health and Safety Management for Construction Session 07 . Rubber shoes with impact resistant toes when work is to be done in presence of water or chemical solutions (concrete).

moderate heat. blows. Aramid fibre: protect against heat and cold. alcohols. Leather: protect against sparks. organic acids and alkalis.Gloves: The nature of the hazard and the operation involved will determine the type of glove required: Cotton: These gloves are used for tasks ranging from handling bricks and wire to chemical laboratory containers. Neoprene: They protect against hydraulic fluids. salts and ketones. gasoline. Kevlar: for manipulation of sharp objects. Occupational Health and Safety Management for Construction Session 07 . chips and rough objects. Stronger than rubber. these gloves protect workers’ hands from most water solutions of acids. alkalis.and abrasive-resistant and wear well. are cut. Insulating rubber gloves: for electrical protection. Rubber: in addition to resisting abrasions caused by grinding and polishing.

Face shields protect against nuisance dusts and potential splashes or sprays of hazardous liquids. metal spatter and slag chips produced during welding. Occupational Health and Safety Management for Construction Session 07 . brazing. welding shields protect eyes from burns caused by infrared or intense radiant light. Some goggles will fit over corrective lenses. they also protect both the eyes and face from flying sparks. Goggles: These are tight-fitting eye protection that completely cover the eyes. soldering and cutting operations. Welding shields: Constructed of vulcanised fibre or fibreglass and fitted with a filtered lens. Side shields are available on some models. Face shields: These transparent sheets of plastic extend from the eyebrows to below the chin and across the entire width of the employee’s head. Some are polarised for glare protection. eye sockets and the facial area immediately surrounding the eyes and provide protection from impact. dust and splashes.Eye Protection: Safety spectacles: These protective eyeglasses have safety frames constructed of metal or plastic and impactresistant lenses.

Occupational Health and Safety Management for Construction Session 07 .Respiratory protection: In the presence of dust particles. filters should be changed. Face masks with filters against coarse material should be used. Masks with special filters for retaining the noxious substances should be used. gases and toxic vapours respiratory protection should be used. Protection against dust. Protection against gases and toxic vapours. IMPORTANT: When the worker is no longer able to continue breathing with the mask.

Respiratory protection: Must use hearing protectors (earplugs or headphones) in areas where the noise level exceeds permissible limits as follows: Occupational Health and Safety Management for Construction Session 07 .

80m onwards. attached to anchor points able to withstand at least 2265 kg. The extremes of the lifeline must be secured with clamps. Occupational Health and Safety Management for Construction Session 07 . allows to slow down the fall. Anchor points must withstand a load of at least 2265 kg per worker.Fall protection: Safety harness with shock absorbers and double line anchor carabiner with double insurance. Lifelines must be a steel cable ½ "or a nylon rope 5/8" without knots or ties. The anchor line shall never be coupled to the harness ring. for work at height. The complete equipment for work at height should be used from 1.

Jacket: leather jerkin or apron with sleeves. especially when doing welding positions. Occupational Health and Safety Management for Construction Session 07 .Work at high temperatures: For high temperature work (welding. these accessories should be used to avoid the severe burns that may cause splashes of molten metal. for spill and exposure to ultraviolet rays of the arc. grinding and open fire) the following should be used: Chrome leather gloves: Musketeer type with inseam to protect hands and wrists. Leggings and leather jacket when it is necessary to weld in vertical and overhead positions. Cap: protects the hair and scalp. flame cutting. Respirator against welding fumes from flame cutting.

PPE use and maintenance: The use of PPE should be appropriate. If being assigned to a new job that requires additional PPE or specific training in its use. Occupational Health and Safety Management for Construction Session 07 . Any questions regarding the use and maintenance of PPE should be consulted to OHS Supervisors. It is the responsibility of workers to request replacement PPE when it does not fulfil its duties properly. timely and compulsory in the places where it is required. Staff not wearing the assigned PPE shall be punished. workers shall request it to any immediate supervisor. It is the duty of workers to keep it in good condition.

Typical CPE: • Scaffolding • Signalling • Safety nets • Perimeter railings • Horizontal and vertical lifelines • Others Occupational Health and Safety Management for Construction Session 07 . Always prevails before other measures such as the use of personal protective equipment.Collective Protection Equipment (CPE) Collective protection is defined as one that simultaneously protects several workers facing a dangerous situation.

The planks must be free from cracks. gravel or uneven surfaces. chips or other defects that diminishes the structural strength. Occupational Health and Safety Management for Construction Session 07 . The width of the plank is 25 or 30 cm with a thickness of 5 cm. the scaffold must be placed over a strong wood 20cm x 20cm with a thickness of 2. Each plank will surpass its support between 15 and 30 cm. can not be painted or covered by any sort of materials or substances in order to facilitate verification of its integrity. All scaffold planks will be placed together with safe stops or hooks at both ends to prevent lateral movement. grass. mud. and shall be securely lashed.5cm.Collective Protection Equipment (CPE) A scaffold should not be placed on land. In these cases.

a scaffold with more than 2 bodies will be secured in the 2nd. Occupational Health and Safety Management for Construction Session 07 . on both sides. etc. The use of scaffolds exposed to strong winds is prohibited.. when they have three bodies or more. The supervisor or foreman of each crew must inspect daily and authorize the use of the scaffold using the format: Scaffolding Inspection. Generally. 6th body. 4th.Scaffolding: Scaffolds must be tied to stable or stabilized structures with braces. yellow (if is operational with restrictions. and shall place a red card (if not operational and prohibits its use). and a green card (if operational). and the anchor line must be independent from the scaffold).

on both sides. and the anchor line must be independent from the scaffold). 6th body. The use of scaffolds exposed to strong winds is prohibited. yellow (if is operational with restrictions. etc. and shall place a red card (if not operational and prohibits its use). a scaffold with more than 2 bodies will be secured in the 2nd.Scaffolding: Scaffolds must be tied to stable or stabilized structures with braces. 4th. when they have three bodies or more.. Generally. Occupational Health and Safety Management for Construction Session 07 . The supervisor or foreman of each crew must inspect daily and authorize the use of the scaffold using the format: Scaffolding Inspection. and a green card (if operational).

it requires a rope brake allowing connection of the anchor line and its upstream displacement with downwards locking. When used in a vertical position.265 kg and must be tensioned by clamps. The installation of fall arrest system must be performed by a competent person and certified by an accredited entity.Lifelines: The horizontal lifeline (steel cable ½ "or a nylon rope 5/8" without knots or ties) attached to anchor points should be able to withstand at least 2. Occupational Health and Safety Management for Construction Session 07 .

(RED) • Warning. giving information on emergency exits. (GREEN) Occupational Health and Safety Management for Construction Session 07 . (BLUE) • Signal for rescue or relief. prohibiting behaviour likely to create a dangerous situation. prohibitions or obligations. • Guide workers performing certain dangerous maneuvers. The types of signals which should be present at the job site are the following: • Prohibition sign. evacuation. emergency first aid. which warns of a hazardous situation. • Alert workers when there is a situation of emergency requiring urgent protection measures or evacuation. first aid or rescue devices.Signalling: Objectives: • Drawing the attention of the workers on the existence of certain risks. binding a particular behaviour. (YELLOW) • Signal for obligation. • Provide information to workers about the location and identification of certain means or facilities for protection.

Handrails and intermediate rails are not required when working at less than 1. excavations. intermediate rails at a height of 54 cm. spaces requiring safe working areas. etc. unless conditions make them necessary.50 m high. baseboards and must be completely covered with planks .Safety nets and perimeter rails: Safety nets are used to protect vertical surfaces. The scaffold platforms shall have handrails at a height of 1. Occupational Health and Safety Management for Construction Session 07 . such as sections on roads.05 m firmly attached. They should always be accompanied by security tape which warn the risk of the activities being carried out when passing the net.

etc.Other preventive measures: Both PPE and CPE help protect workers on the field. However there are other measures to prevent accidents. They either reduce the chances of an accident occurring (scaffolds for example) or reduce the severity of an accident (safety hats). such as: • Housekeeping at work • Working at the appropriate hours • Working permits • Training programs. Occupational Health and Safety Management for Construction Session 07 .

glasses Occupational Health and Safety Management for Construction Session 07 . gloves. leather vest.Group Work: Calculate the amount and cost of PPE that would be needed for a work: .Gang of concrete: 25 people . helmet.Duration: 01 years .PPE to use: boots.

¡¡ Thank you !! Occupational Health and Safety Management for Construction Session 07 .