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@

UDC

GB 500512002

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AE

C.
C

OM

WW

W.
SI
NO

Code for desing of chinmeys

2003-05-01

GB50051-2002

2003-01-10

Code for desing of chinmeys

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NO

AE

C.

CO

GB 500512002

WW

2 0 0 3 5 1

2003

GB50051-2002

W.
SI

101

OM

C.
C

AE

GB 500512002 2003 5 1

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W.
SI
NO

3.1.13.1.33.2.24.1.65.2.15.6.15.6.26.6.107.1.1
7.1.28.1.49.3.311.6.711.6.811.6.1211.6.1313.1.1

WW

GB50051-2002

GBJ 5183 GBJ 5183

[99 20 ]
1983 GBJ 5183

13 3

OM

2.

4.

C.
C

3.

AE

5.

W.
SI
NO

www.sinoaec.com

1.

WW

130 0140100472-2128941 Emailberis


public.hh.nm.cn

GB50051-2002

C.
C
AE
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SI
NO

WW

www.sinoaec.com

OM

GB50051-2002

........................................................... 4

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2.2

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3.1

3.2

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3.3

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3.4

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C.
C

OM

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4.1

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4.2

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4.3

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4.4

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.................................................... 31
5.1

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5.2

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5.3

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5.4

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5.5

................................................ 34

5.6

................................................ 37

...................................................... 40
6.1

................................................ 40

6.2

............................................... 41

GB50051-2002

..................................................... 9

WW

2.1

www.sinoaec.com

....................................................... 9

................................................ 42

6.4

................................................ 43

6.5

............................................... 44

6.6

................................................ 45

.......................................... 50
................................................ 50

7.2

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7.3

............................... 55

7.4

............................... 58

7.5

................................................ 69

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OM

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8.2

................................................ 74

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C.
C

8.1

9.2

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9.3

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9.4

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WW

10

W.
SI
NO

................................................ 79

................................................. 85
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10.2

.......................... 85

10.3

........................................ 85

10.4

.......................... 86

10.5

.................... 86

10.6

.................... 87

10.7

........................................ 88

10.8

...................................... 88

11

.................................................. 89

11.1

............................................... 89

GB50051-2002

10.1

9.1

www.sinoaec.com

7.1

6.3

............................................... 89

11.3

.............................................. 90

11.5

.............................................. 97

12

.................................................... 106

12.1

.............................................. 106

12.2

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11.2

13 ............................................. 111

13.2

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13.3

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13.4

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GB50051-2002

1.0.1

1.0.2

1.0.3

GB 50068

GB/T 50083

1.0.5

50

2.1.1

C.
C

2.1

OM

chimney

shafi

W.
SI
NO

2.1.2

AE

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1.0.4

2.1.3

shell

insulation

WW

2.1.4

2.1.5

lining

steel

chimney

2.1.7

reinforced

concrete

chimney

2.1.8

brick

chimney

2.1.9

selfsupporting

steel

chimney

GB50051-2002

2.1.6

guyed

steel

2.1.10

chimney

2.1.11

framed

steel

chimney

2.1.12

single

tube

chimney

2.1.13

tube-in-tube

chinlney

multi-flue

chimney

flue

C.
C

2.1.15

OM

across-wind

sympathetic

vibration

AE

2.1.16

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2.1.14

2.1.17

W.
SI
NO

critical

wind

speed

lock

in

range

WW

2.1.18

2.1.19

strakevane

2.1.20

temperature

action

heat

transfer

coefficient

1K
2

w/m K
2.1.22

thermal

conductivity

W/

GB50051-2002

2.1.21

10

mK

additional

bending

moment

2.1.23

2.1.24

warning

lamp

2.1.25

mat

foundation

2.1.26

circular

foundation

ring-like

foundation

OM

2.1.27

2.1.28

shell

C.
C

foundation

2.2.1

W.
SI
NO

2.2

AE

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WW

M a M ak
M W M Wk
M E M Ek

M M k

M Ea

G G k
Q1k
Qik i
FEhk

GB50051-2002

N N k

11

FEvk
S Gk
S Q1k

S Qik i
S Wk
S Ma

OM

S Ehk S Evk

C.
C

S dn
S dq

W.
SI
NO

AE

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S MaE

Q1

WW

Eh Ev
W

Qi i

I
ci i
cW cMa
cWE cMaE

GB50051-2002

12

cL
qi i
cw sw

cwt cwt

ct ct

max

C.
C

p max

OM

Ta

W.
SI
NO

2.2.2

AE

pmin

www.sinoaec.com

Tg

Ec Ect

WW

c
E s

a Et a Eta

Ect

d
E m
E m
E sh

GB50051-2002

E Et

13

f ck f c
f ctk f ct
f tk f t

ct

f ttk f tt

tt

f ytk f yt

C.
C

OM

f yk f y

f yt
f ytk

AE

yt

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f yk f y

W.
SI
NO

f
f v f ce

WW

f fw
f t

f cw f t w f vw

f vt

f ftw
f at

s
R()

GB50051-2002

f ctw f ttw f vtw

14

RE
c
s

m
Rtot
Rin

Ri i

C.
C

OM

i i

ex

AE

in

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Rex

2.2.3

WW

Ao
As
t

W.
SI
NO

t 0

W
r
rco
rcom
c c

GB50051-2002

15

1
2

ec

2.2.4

C.
C

hi i

OM

AE

cr

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eo

ct1

WW

W.
SI
NO

wt

te

st
st1

GB50051-2002

16

i
@

eo

3.1
3.1.1

MU10

3.1.2

OM

1 400 MU10

C.
C

M2.5

400500 MU10

500

3.1.3

W.
SI
NO

AE

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M5

WW

1 MU30 M5

2 MU30 M7.5

M10
3.1.4

GB 50003
3.1.5

1 T 20200 m 510-5/
2 T 200 T 400 m

GB50051-2002

3 MU40

17

T 200
) 10 6
200

3.2
3.2.1

3.1.5
@

m = (5 +

C25
2 0.5 450kg

OM

4 1/5 3/4
60mm

1 C15
2 C20

4 C20

3.2.3

f ctk

f ctk

f ttk

C15

C20

C25

C30

C35

C40

20

10.00

13.40

16.70

20.10

23.40

26.80

60

8.40

11.30

14.20

16.60

19.40

22.20

100

8.00

10.70

13.40

15.60

18.30

20.90

150

7.50

10.10

12.70

14.80

17.30

19.80

200

7.20

9.70

12.10

14.10

16.50

18.80

20

1.27

1.54

1.78

2.01

2.20

2.39

60

1.02

1.24

1.41

1.57

1.74

1.86

100

0.89

1.08

1.23

1.37

1.52

1.63

150

0.78

0.93

1.06

1.18

1.31

1.40

GB50051-2002

WW

3.2.3 N/mm 2

3.2.3

W.
SI
NO

3 C30

C.
C

AE

3.2.2

www.sinoaec.com

18

200

0.65

0.79

0.89

0.99

1.10

1.18
@

3.2.4

3.2.5

f ct =

3.2.5-1

ct

f ttk

3.2.5-2

tt

f ct f tt N/mm2

OM

C.
C

f ctk f ttk
3.2.3 N/mm2

W.
SI
NO

AE

ct tt

www.sinoaec.com

f tt =

f ctk

3.2.5
3.2.6

3.2.6

E ct N/mm2

WW

c 3.2.6
E c N/mm2GB

3.2.6

20

60

100

150

200

1.00

0.85

0.75

0.65

0.55

GB50051-2002

50010

E ct = c E c

19

3.2.7

c 1.010-5/

3.3.1

HRB 335 HPB

3.3

235 GB 1499
GB 13013
HPB 235 HRB 335 3.3.2

f ytk f ytk

C.
C

OM

3.3.2 N/mm2

100

235

150

210

200

200

AE

HPB 235

HRB 335

100

335

150

300

200

285

3.3.3

WW

HPB 235 HRB 335


f yt =

f ytk

f ytk

3.3.3-2

yt

yt f yt HPB 235 HRB 335


N/mm2
HPB 235 HRB 335
f ytk f ytk
N/mm2 3.3.2

GB50051-2002

f yt =

3.3.3-1

yt

20MnSi

W.
SI
NO

Q235

www.sinoaec.com

3.3.2

20

yt HPB 235 HRB 335


@

3.3.3
3.3.3

yt

1.6

1.2

1.9

1.6

1.1

OM

GB 50017

C.
C

1 Q235Q345Q390Q420

GB/T 1591

AE

GB 700

www.sinoaec.com

3.3.4

W.
SI
NO

2
Q235NHQ295NH Q355NH

3.3.5

WW

3 Q235
100

GB 50017 3.3.5-1
3.3.5-2
3.3.5-1

Q234NH

Q295NH

N/mm2

f v

f ce

16

210

120

275

1640

200

115

275

4060

190

110

275

60100

190

110

275

16

265

150

320

mm

GB50051-2002

GB/T 4172 10

21

145

320

4060

245

140

320

60100

225

130

320

16

315

185

370

1640

310

180

370

4060

300

170

370

60100

290

165

370

N/mm2

3.3.5-2

(mm)

140

200

200

170

115

140

190

190

160

110

140

60100

190

190

160

110

140

16

265

265

225

150

140

1640

255

265

215

145

140

4060

245

245

210

140

140

60100

225

225

195

130

140

16

315

315

270

185

165

Q295NH

E50

1640

310

310

260

180

165

4060

300

300

255

170

165

60100

290

290

245

165

165

1640

Q355NH

C.
C

120

2 GB 50205
3 f cw f t w

GB50051-2002

175

210

W.
SI
NO

E43

f fw

210

4060

w
v

AE

Q235NH

f t w

16

f cw

WW

OM

E43

www.sinoaec.com

255

Q355NH

1640

22

3.3.6

Q235Q345Q390 Q420
@

ft = s f

3.3.6-1
3.3.6-2

f xtw = s f xw

3.3.6-3

f vt = s f v

f t N/mm2

f vt N/mm2

OM

ct f

C.
C

s 3.3.6

AE

f f v f xw 100

www.sinoaec.com

f xtw N/mm 2 X

W.
SI
NO

N/mm2GB 50017

WW

100 150

Q235Q345Q390Q420 1.00

0.92

200

250

300

350

400

0.88

0.83

0.78

0.72

0.65

3.3.6

3.3.7

GB 50010

Et = d E

3.3.7

E t N/mm2

GB50051-2002

23

d 3.3.7
E 100 N/mm2
GB 50017
3.3.7

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

1.00

0.98

0.96

0.94

0.82

0.88

0.83

s 1.210-5/

8kN/m3

C.
C

3.4.1

OM

3.4

W.
SI
NO

3.4.2

AE

www.sinoaec.com

3.3.8

3.4.2

WW

2 150

3.4.2

(kN/m3)

500

18

0.81+0.0006 T

1400

19

0.93+0.0006 T

11500

1820

(0.351.10)+0.0005 T

900

611

0.200.40 T

900

0.12+0.0023 T

[W/(mK)]

GB50051-2002

24

0.14+

0.17+

200

24

1.74+0.0005 T

200

23

0.51+0.0005 T

1200

19

0.82+0.0006 T

15

0.67+0.00012 T

13

0.53+0.00012 T

11

0.42+0.00012 T

400

0.82.5

(0.0520.076)+0.0001 T

600

3.5

(0.0580.16)+0.0001 T

800

5.0

(0.1.016)+0.0003 T

500

12

600

WW

C.
C
78.5

16
1820
18

(0.0360.05)+0.0002 T
(0.0310.044)+0.0002 T
0.333+0.0052 T
58.15
0.351.28
0.581.45
0.691.26

W.
SI
NO

50mm

1.21.5

AE

OM

750

www.sinoaec.com

2 T

4.1
4.1.1

4.1.2

GB50051-2002

25

1
2

4.1.4

4.1.4
4.1.4

200

200

OM

C.
C

200 MW

AE

i =2

o ( G S Gk + Qi ci S Qik ) R()
i =1

4.1.5-2

o 4.1.6

WW

4.1.5-1

G 4.1.7
Q1 4.1.7

Gk
Q1K i

Qik i
S Gk

GB50051-2002

Qi i 4.1.7

W.
SI
NO

o ( G S GK + Q1 S Q1K + Qi ci S Qik ) R()

www.sinoaec.com

4.1.5

4.1.3

26

S Q1k
@

S Qik i

ci i 4.1.8

4.1.6

100

R()

1.1 1.0

4.1.7

OM

4.1.7

1.35

1.00

1.40

1.40

WW

1.30

1.40

4.1.8

(4.1.5-1)

(4.1.5-2)

7.2

4.1.8

GB50051-2002

W.
SI
NO

AE

1.20

C.
C

www.sinoaec.com

4.1.7

27

4.1.8

cW

cMa

cL

Ma + L

1.00

1.00

0.70

W + Ma

0.45

1.00

W + Ma + L

0.60

1.00

070

OM

C.
C

4.1.9

AE

2 M a

www.sinoaec.com

1 G W M a A

GE S GE + hE S Ehk + Ev S Evk + cWE W SWk + cMaE S MaE R () / RE

RE 1.0 0.9
0.8

WW

4.1.9

hE 4.1.9-1
Ev 4.1.9-1

S Evk
S MaE
7.2
S GE

GB50051-2002

S Ehk 5.5

W.
SI
NO

28

4.1.9-2
@

W 4.1.7
cWE 0.20

1.0

GE 1.2

cMaE

1.0

Eh

OM

C.
C

4.1.9-2

1.3

1.3

0.5

0.5

1.3

WW

0.5

1.0

4.1.10

S dn = S Gk + S Q1k + ci S Qik
i =2

4.1.10-1

GB50051-2002

0.5

W.
SI
NO

1.3

AE

Ev

www.sinoaec.com

4.1.91

29

S dn

ci i 4.1.11
2
S dq = S GK + qi S Qik

4.1.10-2

i =1

S dq

qi i 0.6

0.4
4.1.11

OM

4.1.11

4.2.1

AE

4.2

C.
C

www.sinoaec.com

W.
SI
NO

1 60m

4.2.2

WW

3 8

l 400

2 9

2 400

2
4.2.3

4.2.4

GB50051-2002

30

4.3.1

4.3

1 400

3 4.3.1
4.3.1

350

400

C.
C

4.4.1

250

OM

AE

7.4.1

4.4.2

W.
SI
NO

WW

4.4.2
4.4.2

mm

20m

0.15

0.30

0.20

GB 50010
5
5.1

1
2

GB50051-2002

5.1.1

www.sinoaec.com

4.4

2 150

31

3
5.1.2

GB 50009

5.2
5.2.1

GB 50011

GB 50009 50

0.35kN/m2

5.2.2

C.
C

5.2.3

OM

2%

AE

5.2.4

www.sinoaec.com

100

W.
SI
NO

GB 50009
GB 50009

WW

h cr1
cr1 =

2
1

+ h2

cr2 1
1600

5.2.4-1

5.2.4-2

h kN/m2
cr1 1 m/s
GB 50009

1 1 0.05
0.01

h GB 50009

GB50051-2002

0.04

1 h 5.2.4-1

32


5.2.4-1 1

5.2.5

1 H 1

1 1.3 cr1 h
H1 =

H
(1.3)1 / a

5.2.5-1

2) 1.3 cr1 h

cr1 1 / a
)
h

OM

5.2.5-2

C.
C

2 10m cr10
2 1.3 cr1 h 10m

AE

(1.3 cr1 ) 2 10 2 a
( )
1600
H

W.
SI
NO

cr10 =

www.sinoaec.com

H1 = H (

5.2.5-3

H m

50009

WW

h m/s
5.3
5.3.1

5.4

5.4.1

GB 50135

GB50051-2002

5.3.2

GB

33

5.5

6 9

5.5.1

1 GB 50011
0.05

2 6 7 8 9

5.5.2

0.01

6.5

OM

1 7 0 0.5kN/m2

C.
C

2 7 8

W.
SI
NO

5.5.4

AE

45m

www.sinoaec.com

5.5.3

1 100m 5.5.5
2

WW

150m 35 210m
5
5.5.5

150m 3

M 0 = 1G E H 0

5.5.5-1

V 0 = c 1G E

5.5.5-2

M 0 kNm

1
GB 50011

GB50051-2002

34

G E kN
4.1.9-2

H 0 m
V0 kN

c 5.5.5
5.5.5

c
T1 ( s )

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

0.25

0.75

1.00

1.10

1.02

0.95

0.85

0.30

0.65

0.90

1.10

1.10

1.00

0.95

AE

0.25

C.
C

OM

Tg (s )

www.sinoaec.com

W.
SI
NO

2 T1
60m

5.5.5-3

WW

150m

T1 =0.45+0.0011 H 2 / d

H m
d 1/2 m

3 5.5.5

GB50051-2002

T1 s

5.5.5-4

T1 =0.26+0.0024 H 2 / d

35

5.5.6

1
FEvo = v G E

5.5.6-1

2
GiE2
)
GE

5.5.6-2

= 4(1 + C)k v

5.5.6-3

FEvik kN

kN

C.
C

GiE

OM

FEvik FEv 0 FEvik = FEv 0

4.1.9-2

AE

www.sinoaec.com

W.
SI
NO

G E kN

C C =0.6 C =0.7
C =0.8

k v GB 50011

4.1.9-2

WW

FEvik = (GiE

65%7

v GB 50011
65%
1 GiE G E

GiE G E 5.5.7

GB50051-2002

k v =0.0650.18 k v =0.130.29 k v =0.26

36

2
3 k v =0.1 k v =0.2 0.15g 0.30g

5.5.7

=
1+

1
G kL L3

5.5.7

47 EITgv2

I m 4

C.
C

E kN/m2

OM

L m

AE

T g s 65%

www.sinoaec.com

G kL kN

W.
SI
NO

5.6

5.6.2

WW

5.6.1

5.6.3

4.3.1 3.4.2

5.6.4

r2 r1 1.1 r2 / r1

1.1
5.6.5

5.6.5

GB50051-2002

37

Tg Ta
Rtot

R
i=0

5.6.5

Tcj = Tg

Tcj

Ta
Rtot

Tg

C.
C
AE
W.
SI
NO
WW

Rtot = Rin + R1 + R2 + LL Rn + Rex


Rin =

R2 =

Rn =

in

GB50051-2002

R1 =

5.6.6

5.6.6

www.sinoaec.com

OM

2
2
m K/w Ri i m K/W

t1

1
t2

2
tn

n
38

ex

Rex =

Rin m2K/w

1 w/mK
2 w/mK
n w/mK
t1 m

www.sinoaec.com

t 2 m

OM

t n m

C.
C

in w/m2K

AE

ex [W/m2K]

5.6.7

W.
SI
NO

Rex m2K/W
5.6.7

WW

Rin =

R1 =

Rn =

d
1
1n 1
21 d 0
1
2 2
1
2 n

Rex =

1
in d 0

1n

1n

d2
d1

dn
d n 1

1
ex d n

d 0 d 1 d 2 d 3

GB50051-2002

R2 =

5.6.7

Rtot = Rin + R1 + R2 + LL Rn + Rex

39

m 5.6.6
@

AE

C.
C

OM

www.sinoaec.com

W.
SI
NO

5.6.8

5.6.8-1 5.6.8-2

WW

50100

33

101300

38

300

58

5.6.8-2

[W/m 2K]

12

23

6.1

GB50051-2002

ex

6.1.1

2
[W/m K]

in

5.6.8-1

40

1
@

1 6.2.1

2 5.5.2

3 6.2.2

6.2

OM

e
2
1+ ( 0 +
)
i
12

(6.2.1-2)

AE

(6.2.1-1)

W.
SI
NO

C.
C

N fA

www.sinoaec.com

6.2.1

N N
f GB 50003

WW

A mm 2

e0
=1.2 hd / i

i m
e 0 m

M 5 =0.0015
M 2.5 =0.0020
6.2.2

GB50051-2002

41

Mk
com
Nk

6.2.2

com m com = W / A =W/A

W m3

6.2.3

e 0
e 0 0.6

6.2.3

t =

t
r2
1n(1 + m )
m Emt
f at
r1 t

t t m T
r21n(r2 / r1 )

E sh =

f at
0
E sh

WW

m = t

(6.3.1-1)

(6.3.1-2)

(6.3.1-3)

(6.3.1-4)

n
1+
6r2

W.
SI
NO

Ah = 500

C.
C

AE

6.3.1

OM

6.3

www.sinoaec.com

m O
Ah mm2
r1 mm
r2 mm6.3.1-4 m

m
t

GB50051-2002

42

m m =5l0-6/
t t =1.6
T

f at f at =145N/mm2
T 200
Emt

t mm

= Emt /3 T 350 Emt


= Emt /5 Emt
Emt

C.
C

E N/mm2
n

W.
SI
NO

6.4.1

AE

6.4

OM

Esh N/mm2

www.sinoaec.com

GB 50003

t =

t t 0 m Ts
rs 1n(rs / r1 )

6.4.1-2

m = t

WW

6.4.1-1

st f yt
E st

6.4.1-3

Asm mm2
t 0 mm t 0 = t a a
a =30mm a =45mm
rs mm
Ts

GB50051-2002

m O

rs
t
1n(1 + 0 m )
m E mt
f yt
r1 t

Asm = 500

43

=1.0 =1.05
@

f yt N/mm2
N/mm2
E mt

st T 200

t t =1.4

st =0.6 T 350 st 1.0


6.5

6.5.1-1
6.5.1-2
6.5.1-

As mm2

M Ek Nm
Gk N

6.5.1

WW

sin

W.
SI
NO

M = Eh M Ek + cEK w M wk s

C.
C

M ( G Gk Ev FEvk )rp
rp f yt

AE

As =

OM

www.sinoaec.com

6.5.1

FEvk N

f yt N/mm2

Eh Eh =1.3

G G =1.0
Ev 4.1.9-1

GB50051-2002

rp m

44

cWE cWE =0.2


2 c 6.5.1 c

c =

M
0 rp Af ( G Gk Ev FEvk )rp

6.5.1-4

A mm2

0 6.2.1-2 e0 =0

f N/mm2
sin

WW

6.6
6.6.1

1 2%3%
2 15m
3

GB50051-2002

6.5.2

W.
SI
NO

AE

C.
C

OM

www.sinoaec.com

45

1 3.5m 240mm
@

3.5m 370mm
2 370mm
3

60mm 13

C.
C
AE
W.
SI
NO

6.6.3

WW

6.6.1

60mm 240mm
6.6.4

2 50 1.2m
1.2m
3 6mm

4
100

1.0m 1

GB50051-2002

6.6.5

6.6.2

www.sinoaec.com

OM

6.6.1

4 180mm

46

6.6.6

0.51.5m
@

1.5m 60mm 6mm


5m Q235
6.6.6
6.6.7


www.sinoaec.com

N/mm2

T 10

10 T 0

T 0

30

50

60

68mm 3 8

WW

6.6.8

6mm 8
2 2 30mm
40 d d

W.
SI
NO

6.6.7

AE

C.
C

OM

6.6.7

30mm 6.6.8
GB50051-2002

47

6.6.10

OM

6.6.10

AE

0.5 H

WW

8 500700mm
6

7
8
H 30m

0.5 H

10 500

700mm 6

H 30m

0.4 H

10 500mm
6

1 40

W.
SI
NO

www.sinoaec.com

6.6.10

C.
C

6.6.9

3 120mm
6.6.11

1
1/2
2 1
200mm 1 100mm 300mm

GB50051-2002

48

6 6.6.11
@

6.6.12

1 50mm 1m
500mm 10mm

10mm 6.6.12
6.6.13

2 80200mm 1.52.5m

1/2

C.
C
AE
W.
SI
NO
WW

1 2.5m
2

6.6.14

www.sinoaec.com

OM

2 40m 15m
4 40m 30m
6.6.15

6.6.16

6.6.17

6.6.18

GB50051-2002

1 40m

49

7.1.1

210m

7.1.2

7.1

OM

C.
C

W.
SI
NO

7.2.1

AE

7.2

www.sinoaec.com

WW

M ai 7.2.1

GB50051-2002

50

qi (h hi ) 2 h + 2hi 1 c T
[
( +
) + tg ]
2
3
c
d

7.2.2

M ai =

qi (h hi ) /3 7.2.3-1

h m
hi i m
1 / c 7.2.5-1
7.2.5-27.2.5-47.2.5-5

C.
C

20

OM

d 0.4h m

7.2.2

W.
SI
NO

AE

tg GB 50007

qi (h hi ) 2 Ev FEvik (h hi ) h + 2hi 1 c T
[
(
+
) + tg ]
2
3
Ec
d

WW

M Eai =

7.2.2

1 / Ec 7.2.5-3

M Eai

www.sinoaec.com

7.2.3

i qi

qi =

2(h hi )
(q0 q1 ) + q1
3h

7.2.3-1

q0 =

G
h

7.2.3-2

GB50051-2002

FEvik i

51

G1
h1

7.2.3-3

q1 =

Gk
h

7.2.3-4

q1 =

G1k
h1

7.2.3-5

q0 =

q0 kN/m

q1 kN/m

OM

kN

7.2.4-1

WW

e MW + M a
=
r
Nr

ec M Wk + M ak
=
r
Nk r

7.2.4-2

W.
SI
NO

7.2.4

AE

h1 m

C.
C

G1 G1k kN

www.sinoaec.com

G Gk

N kN

M W kNm
M Wk kNm
M a kNm
M ak kNm

GB50051-2002

N k kN

52

r m
1 / c 1 / Ec

7.2.5

1.6( M W + M a )
0.33Ect I

7.2.5-1

1.6( M W + M a )
0.25 Ect I

7.2.5-2

e
1 0.5
r

e
2 0.5
r
1

Ec

M E + cWE M W + M Ea
0.25 E ct I

ec
0.5
r
1

M Wk + M ak )
0.65 E ct I

M Wk + M ak )
0.4 E ct I

7.2.5-4

7.2.5-5

M E kNm

W.
SI
NO

ec
0.5
r

WW

1)

AE

7.2.5-3

C.
C

OM

www.sinoaec.com

M Ea kNm

cWE 0.2
I
1 1 / c 1 / Ec

M a =0.35 M W M Ea =0.35 M E M ak =0.2 M W

GB50051-2002

E ct kN/m2

53

5%
@

5%
2 7.2.6

7.2.6

h + 2hi 1.6 M W c T
1
qi (h hi ) 2 [
(
) + tg ]
+
2
3
CE ct I
d
Ma =
q (h hi ) 2 (h + 2hi ) 1.6
1 i

2
3
CE ct I

7.2.6-1

h + 2hi M Wk c T
1
(
) + tg ]
qi (h hi ) 2 [
+
2
3
CE ct I
d
=
qi (h hi ) 2 h + 2hi
1
1

2
3
CE ct I

WW

7.2.6-3

7.2.6-4

7.2.7

1 3%
1

GB50051-2002

e
e
C 0.5 C =0.33
r
r
e
0.5C =0.25C =0.25 c
r
ec
0.5 C =0.65 0.5 C =0.4
r
e e
c 7.2.5 1 7.2.6-17.2.6-2
r
r
e e
7.2.6-4 C c C
r
r

M ak

W.
SI
NO

7.2.6-2

AE

qi (h hi ) 2 Ev FEvik (h hi )
A=
2

OM

M Ea =

h + 2hi M E + cWE M W c T
(
) + tg ]
+
3
CE ct I
d
(h hi )
1
1 A

3
CE ct I

C.
C

1[

www.sinoaec.com

54

2
@

2 h / 4 3%
1 3%
2 3%
7.2.7

7.2.8

(u j u i )

7.2.8

WW

j =i +1

G j j

u i u j i j

W.
SI
NO

AE

C.
C

OM

www.sinoaec.com

M ai =

7.2.8

7.3.1

1 7.3.1a
N 1f ct A + ( 1 ) f yt As
M + M a 1 f ct Ar

sin

+ f yt As r

7.3.1-1

sin + sin 1

7.3.1-2

GB50051-2002

7.3

55

N + f yt As

7.3.1-3

1 f ct A + 2.5 f yt As

3
N + f yt Aa

7.3.1-4

1 f ct A + 2.5 f yt As

2
l 7.3.1b
N 1f ct A + ( 1 ) f yt As

r
{(1 f ct A + f yt As )[sin( + ) sin ] + f yt As sin[1 ( )]} 7.3.1-6
0
A = 2( )rt

N 1f ct A + ( 1 ) f yt As

C.
C

2 7.3.1c

OM

7.3.1-7

{(1 f ct A + f yt As ) [sin( 1 2 + 1 ) sin 1 ]


M + M a 1 2
+ f yt As [sin( t t1 t 2 + 2 ) sin 2 ]}
A = 2( 1 2 )rt

7.3.1-10

N kN

WW

7.3.1-9

t t =1-1.5
t =0

f ct kN/m2

1
C50 1 =1.0 C80 1 =0.94

As m2

GB50051-2002

2
A m

W.
SI
NO

AE

7.3.1-8

www.sinoaec.com

M + Ma

7.3.1-5

56

f yt kN/m2
@

M kNm
M a kNm

t m

r m

OM
C.
C
AE
W.
SI
NO

WW

www.sinoaec.com

GB50051-2002

57

OM

7.4.1

cwt 0.4 f ctk

st 0.5 f ytk

7.4.1-2
7.4.1-3

cwt N/mm2

WW

7.4.1-1

swt N/mm2
st N/mm2

W.
SI
NO

swt 0.5 f ytk

AE

C.
C

www.sinoaec.com

7.4

f ctk 3.2.3

f ytk 3.3.2
N/mm2
2 4.4.2

7.4.2

GB50051-2002

N/mm2

58

ec rco
ec rco ec rco 7.4.2
1
M Wk + M ak
Nk

7.4.2-1

M Wk kNm

ec =

M ak kNm

WW

W.
SI
NO

AE

C.
C

OM

www.sinoaec.com

N k kN

2 rco
l
rco = 0.5r

7.4.2-2

rco =

0.5 sin 2 2 sin


r
2( sin )

7.4.2-3

3
rco =
7.4.3

1 2 0.5(sin 21 + sin 2 2 ) + 2 cos 2 (sin 2 sin 1 )


r
2[sin 2 sin 1 + ( 1 2 ) cos 2 ]

7.4.2-4

ec rco

GB50051-2002

59

1 cw
l
Nk
Cc1
Ao

cw =

(1 + Et t )(1 cos )
sin ( + Et t ) cos

7.4.3-2

Cc1 =

7.4.3-1

cw =

7.4.3-3

Bc 3
Dc 3

AE

Cc3 =

Bc 3 = ( 1 2 )(1 + Et t )(cos1 cos )

7.4.3-5

7.4.3-6
7.4.3-7

WW

Dc 3 = sin (1 + Et t ) sin 1 [ 1 + Et ( 1 2 )] cos + Et t sin 2 7.4.3-8


Ao 7.4.5-1

Et

W.
SI
NO

Nk
Cc3
Ao

C.
C

cw =

7.4.3-4

OM

(1 + Et t )( )(cos cos )
sin (1 + Et t ) sin [ + ( ) Et t ] cos

www.sinoaec.com

Cc 2 =

Nk
Cc 2
Ao

7.4.5-2

t
2 cw
1

cw = Et

Nk
C s1
Ao

7.4.3-9

GB50051-2002

60

1 + cos
Cc1
1 cos

7.4.3-10

C s1 =

Cs2 =

Nk
Cs2
Ao

7.4.3-11

1 + cos
Cc 2
cos cos

7.4.3-12

sw = Et

3)
7.4.3-13

OM

cos 2 + cos
Cc 3
cos1 cos

7.4.3-14

C.
C

Cs3 =

Nk
Cs3
Ao

AE

W.
SI
NO

ec
0.5 sin 2 + Et t
=
r 2[sin ( + Et t ) cos ]

www.sinoaec.com

sw = Et

7.4.3-15

WW

7.4.3-16

3
ec Bec
=
r Dec

7.4.3-17

+ Et t ( 2 0.5 sin 2 2 2 cos sin 2 )

7.4.3-18

Dec = 2{sin (1 Et t ) sin 1 [ 1 + Et t ( 1 2 )] cos + Et t sin 2 }7.4.3-19


7.4.4

ec co

1 cw
1

GB50051-2002

Bec = (1 + Et t )( 1 0.5 sin 21 + 2 cos sin 1 ) 0.5 sin 2

ec (1 + Et t )( 0.5 sin 2 + 2 sin cos ) 0.5 sin 2 + Et ( )


=
r
2{sin (1 + Et t ) sin [ + ( ) Et t ] cos }

61

Nk
Cc 4
Ao

7.4.4-1

ec
r

7.4.4-2

Cc 4 = 1 + 2

cw =

Cc5 = 1 +

2(

7.4.4-3

ec sin
)[( ) cos + sin ]
+
r
sin 2
0.5 sin 2 2

7.4.4-4

OM

ec sin 1 sin 2
+
)[( 1 2 ) cos1 sin 2 + sin 1 ]
Nk
r
1 2
=
Cc 6 = 1 +
Ao
(sin 2 sin 1 ) 2
( 1 2 ) 0.5(sin 21 + sin 2 2 ) 2
1 2

7.4.4-6


2 cw

WW

1
=
cw
Cc 7 = 1 2

Nk
Cc7
Ao

7.4.4-7

ec
r

W.
SI
NO

AE

2(

cw

7.4.6-5

C.
C

Nk
Cc 6
Ao

www.sinoaec.com

cw =

Nk
Cc 5
Ao

cw =

7.4.4-8

=
cw

Nk
Cc8
Ao

7.4.4-9

ec sin
+
)( sin )
r

Cc8 = 1
sin 2
0.5 sin 2 2

2(

7.4.4-10

GB50051-2002

62

Nk
Cc9
Ao

7.4.4-11

ec sin 1 sin 2
+
)[( 1 2 ) cos 2 + sin 2 sin 1 ]
r
1 2
Cc9 = 1
(sin 2 sin 1 ) 2
( 1 2 ) 0.5(sin 21 + sin 2 2 ) 2
1 2

=
cw

2(

Ao Et
Ao = 2rt ( 1 2 )(1 + Et t )

7.4.5-1

Es
Ect

7.4.5-2

OM

E s N/mm2

C.
C

Ect N/mm2 3.2.6

Pc =

WW

ec rco

1.8 cw
t Ect

7.4.6-1

t = 1.25( cTc s Ts )

7.4.6-2

2.5 cw
t E ct

7.4.6-3

2 Pc ec rco
Ps =

0.7 sw
t Es

7.4.6-4

GB50051-2002

ec rco
Pc =

1 Pc

W.
SI
NO

7.4.6

AE

www.sinoaec.com

Et = 2.5

7.4.5

7.4.4-12

63

c s 3.2.7 3.3.8

5.6

cw sw

Tc Ts

N/mm2 7.4.3 7.4.4


cwt 7.4.7

OM

1 Pc 1

C.
C

cwt = cw
2 Pc 1

7.4.7-2

W.
SI
NO

AE

cwt = cw + E ct t ( wt Pc ) ct1

7.4.7-1

www.sinoaec.com

7.4.7

E ct

7.4.7-3

E ct = 0.4 E ct

7.4.7-4

WW

E ct = 0.55 E ct
ec rco

c
)
t0
1 Pc

2[1 + Eta ( + )]
1 + 2 Eta (1

c
)
t0
= Pc +
2[1 + Eta ( + )]
1 + 2 Eta ( +

wt

7.4.7-5

GB50051-2002

wt

ec rco

64

c
)
t0
Pc

2[1 + Eta ( + )]

1 + 2 Eta (1

Eta =

7.4.7-7

c mm

W.
SI
NO

AE

C.
C

OM

ct1

www.sinoaec.com

t 0 mm

WW

Es
E ct

c
wt = Eta ( + ) + [ Eta ( + )]2 + 2 Eta ( + ) + 2 Pc [1 + Eta ( + )] 7.4.7-6
t0

GB50051-2002

65

OM

Pc 0.2

C.
C

ct1 = 1 2.6 Pc
Pc 0.2

7.4.7-9

W.
SI
NO

swt 7.4.8

WW

7.4.8

AE

ct1 = 0.6(1 Pc )

7.4.7-8

www.sinoaec.com

7.4.7 1

1 ec rco Ps

c
t0

swt = sw

7.4.8-1

GB50051-2002

+ st

66

2 ec rco Ps

c
t0

swt =

Es

t (1 wt )

7.4.8-2

wt

wt = Eta (
+ )
st

7.4.8-3

OM

C.
C

Ps 7.4.6-4

AE

st 7.4.9-4

W.
SI
NO

c
)
t0
3 ec rco Pc

2[1 + Eta ( + )]

www.sinoaec.com

c
+ [ Eta (
+ )]2 + 2 Eta (
+ ) 2 Eta ( + ) s
st
st
st
t0
Eta 7.4.7-7

st

+ st

1 + 2 Eta (1

WW

7.4.8-4

c
)
t0
4 ec rco Pc

2[1 + Eta ( + )]
1 + 2 Eta (1

swt = st

7.4.9

ct

st 7.4.9

ct = E ct t 1
st =

Es

st

7.4.9-1

t (1 1 )

7.4.9-2

GB50051-2002

67

st =

7.4.9-3

1.1E s t (1 1 ) te
E s t (1 1 ) te + 0.65 f ttk

1 = Eta (
+ ) + [ Eta ( )]2 + 2 Eta (
+ )
t0
st
st
st

7.4.9-4

C.
C

AE

t 7.4.6-2

www.sinoaec.com

OM

E ct N/mm27.4.7-3

te te =2p

WW

st 0.2 st =0.2 st 1 st =1

7.4.10

W.
SI
NO

f ttk N/mm2 3.2.3

max = k cr

d eq
swt
(1.9c + 0.08
)
Es
te

= 1.1 0.65

d eq

f ttk

7.4.10-2

te swt

n d
=
n v d
i

i i

7.4.10-1

2
i

7.4.10-3
i

GB50051-2002

68

swt N/mm2

cr swt = sw cr 2.4
cr =2.1

k k =1.2
ni ni

te swt = sw
te = + te =2 te 0.01 te =0.01

OM

c mm

C.
C

vi 0.7 1.0
2

AE

7.4.1O-17.4.10-3 st

7.5

WW

7.5.1

1 2%
2 15m
3 7.5.1

W.
SI
NO

swt cr =2.1

www.sinoaec.com

d i d eq i mm

D mm

mm

D 4

140

4 D 6

160

6 D 8

180

D 8

180+ D -810

160mm

GB50051-2002

7.5.1

69

7.5.2

7.5.2
@

2 2025mm

3
1

1m

4 2m

C.
C
AE
W.
SI
NO
WW

7.5.3

www.sinoaec.com

OM

3 7.5.3
4
1.3
45
100mm 250mm2
45 d

GB50051-2002

2 70 140

70

40 d
@

OM

www.sinoaec.com

30mm

7.5.5

7.5.5

0.25

0.40

0.20

0.25

0.25

0.10

7.5.6

WW

W.
SI
NO

AE

7.5.5

C.
C

7.5.4

1 350mm

7.5.7

7.5.8

7.5.8

6mm 500mm
7.5.8

mm

10

250 300

GB50051-2002

71

200

7.5.9

GB 50010
1/4

7.5.10

7.5.11

6.6.116.6.12

7.5.12

6.6.14

7.5.13

OM

2 60100m

C.
C

3 100m

AE

7.5.15

7.5.16

7.5.17

WW

W.
SI
NO

2.5m

8.1

8.1.1

7.5.14

www.sinoaec.com

1 60m

a 750mm
b 8.1.2 750mm
8.1.3

GB50051-2002

8.1.2

72

C.
C

AE

www.sinoaec.com

OM

8.1.4

1
2

WW

W.
SI
NO

8.1.5

1
7kN/m2
2
711kN/m2

GB50051-2002

73

3 3kN/m2
@

4
711kN/m2

8.2

8.2.1

OM

8.2.2

C.
C

AE

10.6.3

www.sinoaec.com

W.
SI
NO

2 9.3.29.3.3

WW

4.3.1
2
1 150

8.2.3

50

50

8.2.4

GB50051-2002

2 10.5.1

74

N t = 0.56 F

8.2.4-2

Vmax = 0.50 F

8.2.4-3

F = Hk /3

8.2.4-4

8.2.4-1

M max = 0.25 Fr

M max kNm

N t kN

OM

r m

C.
C

H k k kN

AE

F kN 8.2.4

www.sinoaec.com

Vmax kN

WW
7.5

1
2 250mm

GB50051-2002

8.3.1

W.
SI
NO

8.2.4-4 H Ek H k

75

3 8.3.1
@

8.3.1

0.25

0.20

0.20

0.15

4 5m 1

OM

C.
C

6 12 7.5.3

AE

34 7.5.3

www.sinoaec.com

W.
SI
NO

50% 50% 1

WW

1.0m

8 1.5m 48

0.5

5%

9
8.3.2

1 10
2
3

GB50051-2002

48

76

4
@

1.5m
8.3.2-1

C.
C

AE

www.sinoaec.com

OM

WW

GB50051-2002

8.3.3

W.
SI
NO

6 8.3.2-2

77

1 GB 50017
@

2
3

4
5 750mm

8.3.4

OM

C.
C

AE

3 2.0m

www.sinoaec.com

W.
SI
NO

WW

5 8.3.4-1
6 8.3.4-2

GB50051-2002

78

C.
C

9.1.1

OM

9.1

9.1.3

AE

GB 50135

W.
SI
NO

9.1.2

www.sinoaec.com

GB 50017

9.2.2

WW

9.2.1

1/8
9.2.3

9.2.4

2
9.2.4a
3
9.2.4b

GB50051-2002

9.2

79

OM

1/100

C.
C

6 0.25s

AE

www.sinoaec.com

W.
SI
NO

1 K

WW

2
3
4
9.2.6

9.2.5

9.2.6
GB50051-2002

80

OM

23 1420m

C.
C

9.2.9

AE

9.2.8

www.sinoaec.com

9.2.7

9.3.1

W.
SI
NO

9.3

d h h 20 d

WW

9.3.2

1
Ni M i

f t crt
Ani Wni

Et t

k di

9.3.2-2

M i i
Nmm
N i M i
N
Ani mm2

GB50051-2002

crt = 0.4

9.3.2-1

81

t mm
@

Wni mm3
f t N/mm2 3.3.5

k k =1.50
k =1.20

3.3.6

Et N/mm2

crt N/mm2

OM

2
9.3.2-3

2 Et Abi
1.12

9.3.2-4

AE

W.
SI
NO

N Ex =

C.
C

Ni
Mi
+
ft
Abi Wbi (1 0.8 N i / N Ex )

Abi mm2

WW


B
3

Pmax =

Pmax kN
M kNm
N kN
d 0 m
n
4

GB50051-2002

4M N

nd 0 n

Wbi mm3

www.sinoaec.com

d i i mm

82

G M
+
t f ct
At W

9.3.2-6

cbt =

cbt

N/mm2

W mm3

At mm2

=0.675
t
50010

OM

f ct

N M
+
) k f t
Ao Wo

9.3.2-7

AE

=(

C.
C

www.sinoaec.com

GB

mm2

Wo mm3

WW

f t N/mm2
N M NNmm

k r b r / b = 0.1

W.
SI
NO

Ao

k =4 r / b 0.2 k = 3

h 20m t =4.5 C

9.3.3-1

h 20m t 6 C

9.3.3-2

C C =2mm C =3mm

9.3.4

1 4.3.1
2 150 10

GB50051-2002

9.3.3

83

3 50mm
75mm
4

6mm
5 1m 1.5m

6 5601Cr18Ni9Ti

OM

7 2m

9.3.5

AE

C.
C

www.sinoaec.com

560

67m/s

W.
SI
NO

713.4m/s

WW

3 1/3

4
l 6mm 1.5m

1/10 4

2 6mm 1/10 3
5
9.3.6

9.4
9.4.1

20 h / d 20

GB50051-2002

45

84

9.4.2

35 1 3
@

120 25 h / 3

9.4.3

35 2

9.4.4

GB 50135
9.4.5

OM

10.1

AE

10.1.2

C.
C

150 0.75%

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10

10.1.1

1/2

1 0.75%1.5%

W.
SI
NO

2 1.5% 2.5%
3 2.5%

100m

WW

10.2.1

10.2.2

100m

10.3

GB50051-2002

10.3.1

10.2

85

10.3.3

10.3.2

10.4
100m

10.4.2

10.4.1

30mm 100m

10.4.3

C.
C

10.4.4

OM

50mm

1 100m

AE

2 100m 10mm

www.sinoaec.com

W.
SI
NO

5mm
3

WW

10.5
10.5.1

2
3

5mm

GB50051-2002

86

10.5.2

1 100m

1
10.5.2

2 10.5.1 25

2
3

OM
C.
C
AE
W.
SI
NO

WW

www.sinoaec.com

10.6

1
2
3
4
5
6

GB50051-2002

10.6.1

87

10.6.2

13mm

12mm

4060mm

4060mm

10.6.3

OM

C.
C

23mm
4

AE

www.sinoaec.com

W.
SI
NO

10.7
100m

WW

2 1.5

10.7.1

4
5 23mm
10.7.2

100m 10.6

10.8
10.8.1

GB50051-2002

13mm

88

11
11.1
11.1.1

GB 50011
M N V

11.1.2

GB 50007

GB 50010

C.
C

11.2.1

OM

11.2

AE

N k + Gk
fa
a

W.
SI
NO

Pk =

www.sinoaec.com

11.1.3

11.2.1-1

2 11.2.1-1
1

11.2.1-2

WW

N k + Gk M k
+
fa
a
W

Pk min =

11.2.1-3

Pk min =

Nk M k

0
A
W

11.2.1-4

N k kN
G k kN

GB50051-2002

N k + Gk M k

0
a
W

Pk max =

89

f a kPa
M k Knm
W m3

11.2.2

GB 50007

4.1.10
11.2.3

A m2

11.3

WW

b1 0.8 htg

b2 htg

11.3.1
11.3.2

W.
SI
NO

AE

C.
C

OM

11.3.1

www.sinoaec.com

11.3.1

11.3.3

D
3tg

11.3.4

b1 b2 m
h m
tg GB 50007

GB50051-2002

b1 0.8 htg

90

D m
11.4.1

11.4.1

1
r4 rz

11.4.1-1

r1 r2
2.2

11.4.1-2

r3 r4
3.0

11.4.1-3
11.4.1-4

OM

11.4.1-5

C.
C

r3
4.0

h1

h
2

W.
SI
NO

r1 r2
2.2

11.4.1-6
11.4.1-7
11.4.1-8
11.4.1-9

WW

r1 rz 11.4.11-2

rz rz =
11.4.2

r2 + r3
11.4.1
2

P=

N M z r1 + r2
+

A
I
2

11.4.2

M z kNm
N kN
A m2
I m4

GB50051-2002

11.4.1

AE

r1
1.5
r2

www.sinoaec.com

h
2
h
h2
2
h1

91

OM

11.4.4

C.
C

Fl h f tt (bt + bb )h0

11.4.3

Fl kN 11.4.4

AE

www.sinoaec.com

11.4.3

W.
SI
NO

f tt kN/m2
bb m

WW

bb = 2 (r3 h0 )
bt m
bt = 2r2

h0 m

h h 800mm h 1.0
h 2000mm h 0.9
11.4.4

Fl

GB50051-2002

bt = 2r3

bb = 2 (r2 + h0 )

92

Fl = p [r12 (r2 + h0 ) 2 ]

11.4.4-1
@

2
1
Fl = p [(r2 h0 ) 2 r42 ]

11.4.4-2

Fl = p (r3 h0 ) 2
11.4.5

11.4.4-3

OM

p
(2r12 r2 + r23 )
3(r1 + r2 )

C.
C

MR =

11.4.5-1

M =

MR
2

AE

11.4.5-2

www.sinoaec.com

1 r2

M T

prz
2r43 3r42 rz + rz3 4r13 6r12 rz + 2rz3
=
(

)
6(rz r4 )
rz
r1 + rz

11.4.5-3

11.4.4

WW

11.4.6

1 r1 / rz 1.8

W.
SI
NO

11.4.5-111.4.5-2

MR =

p
(2r23 + 3r12 r3 + r12 r2 3r1r22 3r1r2 r3 )
12r2
M =

p
(4r12 3r1r 3r1r3 )
12

11.4.6-1
11.4.6-2

GB50051-2002

2 r1 / rz 1.8

93

p 2 4r13 6r12 rz + 2rz3


(rz
)
r1 + rz
6

11.4.6-3

MT =

11.4.4
r1 / rz 1.8

WW

W.
SI
NO

AE

C.
C

OM

www.sinoaec.com

1
MB =

p
(2r13 3r12 r2 + r23 )
6r1

11.4.7-1

2
MT =

r3
p 2
(rz 2r12 + 3r1r2 z )
6
r1

11.4.7-2

GB50051-2002

11.4.7

94

11.4.8

11.4.5-311.4.6-311.4.7-2
Gk
A

M T M T 0 p k min

0
11.4.9

Gk
0
A

q
q=

11.4.9

r2 ho

OM

r2

11.4.11

C.
C

rd 11.4.11-1

AE

rd 0 rz 35d

11.4.11-2

WW

rd r3 + r2 r1 35d

11.4.11-1

0 r1 / rz 11.4.11-2
d mm

rd O

GB50051-2002

W.
SI
NO

www.sinoaec.com

11.4.10

M z r1 N

I
A

p k min

95

C.
C

AE

1 5.6.5

www.sinoaec.com

OM

11.4.12

H 1 = 0.505H 0.325 + 0.050 DH


H 1 m

H D mm

WW

11.4.12

11.4.12

GB50051-2002

2 5.6.5 Ta

W.
SI
NO

11.4.12

96

11.4.12
@

l H 2 =0.3m 15

11.4.13

2 H 2 =0.2m 10

3.2 3.3

OM

15%

11.5.1

WW

W.
SI
NO

AE

11.5.1

C.
C

11.5

k min

N k + Gk M k
2
2r2
2

11.5.1-1

p k max
3
p k min

11.5.1-2

Gk Z 2 kN

GB50051-2002

1 r2
p k max =

www.sinoaec.com

11.4.14

97

p k max
r2
p k min
kN/m
2
11.5.1-3

pk =

( N k + Gk )(1 + cos 0 )
2r2 ( + 0 cos 0 sin 0 )

11.5.1-4

pk
fa

l=

kN/m

3.1416

0.13

2.5813

0.26

2.0528

0.01

3.0934

0.14

2.5407

0.27

2.0109

0.02

3.0488

0.15

2.5002

0.28

1.9685

0.03

3.0039

0.16

2.4598

0.29

1.9256

0.04

2.9596

0.17

2.4195

0.30

1.8821

0.05

2.9159

0.18

2.3792

0.31

1.8380

0.06

2.8727

0.191

2.3389

0.32

1.7932

0.07

2.8299

0.20

2.2985

0.33

1.7476

0.08

2.7877

0.21

2.2581

0.34

1.7010

0.09

2.7458

0.22

2.2175

0.35

1.6534

0.10

2.7043

0.23

2.1767

0.36

1.6045

0.11

2.6630

0.24

2.1357

0.37

1.5542

0.12

2.6620

0.25

2.0944

0.38

1.5024

0.39

1.4486

0.43

1.2067

0.47

0.8746

0.40

1.3927

0.44

1.1361

0.48

0.7545

AE

e / r2

GB50051-2002

WW

W.
SI
NO

e / r2

e / r2

0 e / r2

C.
C

11.5.1

OM

0 e / r2 11.5.1 e = M k /( N k + Gk )

www.sinoaec.com

p k l r2

98

1.3341

0.45

1.0591

0.49

0.5898

0.42

1.2723

0.46

0.9733

0.50

0.41

3 r3 r1
11.5.1-5

r1 = r3 + l

11.5.1-6

1 2
1
2
1
r3 = ( r2 l ) +
(l r2 ) 2 + (r22 + r2 l l 2 )
2 3
4
3
3

4 h

Qc =

1
1
pk
2 sin

11.5.1-8

OM

11.5.1-7

C.
C

Qc N

f N/mm2

AE

11.5.2

www.sinoaec.com

2.2Qc
0.75 f t

W.
SI
NO

Nl
M + H l (r ra )tga
l
2r sin
r 2 sin

WW

Na =

N = 0

11.5.3-1
11.5.3-2

N l M l kNkNm

11.5.3

N a N kN

ra r m 11.5.1

11.5.1
11.5.4

1 q y max
11.5.4-1

GB50051-2002

H l kN

99

q y max =

11.5.4-1

r1 r3

Q0 = H 0 th 0 + c0 ( z 3 z1 )

11.5.4-2

1
H 0 = 0.25 0 ( z 32 z12 )tg 2 ( 0 + 45o )
2

11.5.4-3

q y max kN/mm2

OM

0 kN/mm3

C.
C

H 0 bc kN

WW

W.
SI
NO

AE

Q0 bc kN

www.sinoaec.com

1
0 0 =
2
1
c0 c0 = c c
2

r1
)
r2

2( p k Q0

2 C S

r1 r3
2h sin

11.5.4-4

h m
C S 2
3 11.5.4-2
1
N

GB50051-2002

CS =

100

1
N = ( B2 q y max + B3 H + B5 )( x1 x3 )( x1 + x2 + x3 )
6

1
H = 0.5 0 z 2 tg 2 ( 0 + 45o )
2

M 1 =

M a2 =

1
( B0 q y max + B1 H + B4 )
x2W1

1
( B0 q y max + B1 H + B4 )
x 2W2

OM

W1 =

12( x1 x2 )
( x x2 2 )( x1 x 2 ) 2

W2 =

12( x2 x3 )
( x2 x32 )( x 2 x3 ) 2

AE

C.
C

2
1

W.
SI
NO

WW

11.5.4-2

11.5.4-10

11.5.4-11

B0 = sin 2 + tg 0 sin cos

B1 = cos 2 + tg 0 sin cos


B2 = sin cos + tg 0 sin 2

B3 = tg 0 cos 2 sin cos

B4 = c0 sin 2

B5 = c0 cos 2

11.5.4-9

www.sinoaec.com

M 1 M a 2

GB50051-2002

101

2)
@

N 1 = N (C s 1)

11.5.4-12

N 11.5.4-5

M a1 =

1
x 2

1
[q y max ( B0 + W1W3 B2 ) + HB1 + B4 + W1W3 ( HB3 + B5 )]
W1

11.5.4-13

N (C S 1)k 0 ( x1 x 2 )ctg
2

1 1
[q y max ( B0 + W2W4 B2 ) + HB1 + B4 + W2W4 ( HB3 + B5 )]
x 2 W2

11.5.4-14

C.
C

OM

1
N (C S 1)k 0 ( x2 x3 )ctg
2
M 1 M a 2

AE

W.
SI
NO

11.5.4-15
11.5.4-16

WW

k 0 k1 11.5.4-1711.5.4-18 11.5.4-3

1
W3 = ( x12 + x1 x 2 2 x 22 )k 0 ( x1 x 2 )ctg
6
1
W4 = ( x 22 x 2 x3 x32 )k1 ( x 2 x3 )ctg
6

www.sinoaec.com

M a2 =

GB50051-2002

102

k1 =

11.5.5

b
x2 x3

11.5.4-18

a b
11.5.5
N M = re N aa 3 cos

11.5.5-1

M a = N ab1e1 N aa 3 e3

11.5.5-2

M = M a re

11.5.5-3

OM

N M kN

C.
C

M a kNm

W.
SI
NO

AE

M kNm

www.sinoaec.com

11.5.4-17

a
x1 x2

k0 =

N aai N abi i i =1 i =3
kN

WW

re m
e1 e3 i =13m
11.5.5

GB50051-2002

103

11.5.6

11.4.2 11.4.4
@

S x
Qc 11.5.6

S x = 2 [r2 + h0 (sin + cos )]

11.5.6-1

Qc = p r12 [r2 + h0 (sin + cos )]2

11.5.6-2

11.5.6-4

C.
C

h0 m

OM

Qc = p [r3 h0 (sin cos )]2 r42

11.5.6-3

WW

1
2

GB50051-2002

11.6.1

W.
SI
NO

AE

11.5.6

www.sinoaec.com

S x = 2 [r3 h0 (sin cos )]

104

100mm

11.6.3

250

11.6.2

500mm
11.6.4

11.6.5

2%

100mm 1.5m
11.6.6

4.3.1

50100mm 400mm
11.6.7

W.
SI
NO

AE

12

250

10

200

10

r2 250 400

10

10

11.6.8

WW

11.6.8

mm

10

250

10

250

11.6.9

250

7.5.3

11.6.10

11.6.10 11.6.10

300mm
11.6.10

GB50051-2002

11.6.8

C.
C

mm

OM

11.6.7

www.sinoaec.com

11.6.7

105

0.0350.06 r2

0.350.55 r2

0.050.065 r2

C.
C

AE

www.sinoaec.com

OM

11.6.11

11.6.12

W.
SI
NO

lm 7.5.3
12mm 200mm.

14mm 40d

WW

0.4%

11.6.13

40mm 70mm

11.6.14

12.1
12.1.1

1
2
3
12.1.2

GB50051-2002

12

106

1
@

1
2
3

2
3
12.1.3

1
2

OM

12.1.4

C.
C

AE

W.
SI
NO

12.1.5

www.sinoaec.com

12.1.5

200

200400

401600

601800

0.1

0.2

0.4

0.5

WW

12.2

12.2.1
1
h1 =0.505 H -0.325+0.050 bH

12.2.1-1

2
h2 =0.3m 15

12.2.1-2

GB50051-2002

12.2.1

12.1.5

107

H b m 12.2.1

h1 m
h2 m

C.
C
AE

www.sinoaec.com

OM

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NO

5.6.5
11.4.12

10kN/m2

12.2.3

WW

30kN/m2

12.2.4

12.2.2

12.2.4
GB50051-2002

108

OM

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AE

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SI
NO

WW

1
2 45
12.2.5

1 12.2.5a

2 12.2.5b

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109

12.2.7

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SI
NO

AE

C.
C

OM

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12.2.6

12.2.6

WW

12.2.7

200

125

10

15

15

20

1 20
2 40
12.2.8

1 6090

GB50051-2002

3 2.5kN/m2

2 12.2.7

110

2 MU10
M2.5
3

4
5

10mm

150mm
6

OM

C.
C

20m 25m 2030mm

AE

70mm

www.sinoaec.com

W.
SI
NO

13

WW

13.1.1

1
2
50km 150m

13.1

13.2
13.2.1

2060

2000cd25%
13.2.2

4060

200000cd

GB50051-2002

111

20000cd 2000cd

13.3

13.3.2

45m

45m 45m

13.3.1

13.3.3

13.2.3

1.53m 150m

7.5m

1 6m 3

13.3.5

C.
C

3 30m 6

OM

2 6m 30m 4

150m 75

150m

W.
SI
NO

13.3.6

AE

105m

www.sinoaec.com

13.3.4

WW

13.4

13.4.1

13.4.2

13.3.7

GB50051-2002

112

A.0.1

y1

r2

r2 r

y2

r2

r2 cos + r

tr 3

C.
C

2rt ( )

sin 1 sin 2
1 2

r2 cos 2 r

sin 1 sin 2
1 2

r2 cos 1 + r

sin 1 sin 2
1 2

2rt ( 1 2 )

r 3 t ( cos sin

r 3 t[ 1 2 cos 1 sin 1 ]

sin 2
2
)

cos 2 sin 2 2

WW

r2 r r = r2 t / 2 t

(sin 1 sin 2 ) 2
1 2

2 rt

AE

sin

W.
SI
NO

sin

www.sinoaec.com

y 0

sin

OM

GB50051-2002

113

B.0.1

C.
C
AE
W.
SI
NO

WW

www.sinoaec.com

OM


GB50051-2002

114

AE

C.
C

OM

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SI
NO

WW

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115

C.0.1

1 C D C.0.1a O
C.0.1b

C.
C
AE
W.
SI
NO
WW

C.0.1 Z / R b / R
C.0.2

S A S B m
m =

SA SB
2r1

C.0.2

r1
a C.0.2-1 C.0.2-2
2 S A S B

GB50051-2002

1 p max p min A B

2 a

www.sinoaec.com

OM

C.0.1

116

3 r1
A B r4

C.0.3

C.
C
AE
W.
SI
NO

WW

www.sinoaec.com

OM

A B

GB50051-2002

117

AE

C.
C

OM

www.sinoaec.com

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SI
NO

WW

GB50051-2002

118

AE

C.
C

OM

www.sinoaec.com

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SI
NO

WW

GB50051-2002

119

AE

C.
C

OM

www.sinoaec.com

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SI
NO

WW

GB50051-2002

120

AE

C.
C

OM

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SI
NO

WW

GB50051-2002

121

AE

C.
C

OM

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SI
NO

WW

GB50051-2002

122

AE

C.
C

OM

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W.
SI
NO

WW

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123

OM

WW

W.
SI
NO

AE

C.
C

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GB50051-2002

124