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Retrieval Practice | Coursera

Retrieval Practice
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1.

[Select the word that belongs in the blank space.] "_________" is the idea
that a chunk youve mastered in one area can often help you much
more easily learn chunks of information in different areas that can
share surprising commonalities.
recall
overlearning
transfer

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chunking
interleaving

2.

Three steps were mentioned as being vitally important in making a


chunk. Pick those three things out from the list below.
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Retrieval Practice | Coursera

Practice to help you gain mastery and a sense of the bigpicture context.

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Exercise

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No, this wasn't one of the three key items, although exercise
can still be very helpful in many aspects of learning.

Simple memorization

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Understanding of the basic idea.

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Spending time away from the material

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Focused attention.

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3.

Which statement best describes "deliberate practice"?


Focusing intently on the parts of the problem that are more
difficult to you.

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Retrieval Practice | Coursera

Deliberate practice is continuing to focus of the material you


find hardest and is important to productive studying.

Varying your learning by switching between types of


problems or taking a break.
Actively reviewing material when you are doing something
else.
Using the "generation effect" of recall of a body of material
instead of re-reading the material.

4.

Select which of the following statements are true about chunking:


"Chunking" involves compressing information more
compactly--this is part of why it is easier to draw a "chunked"
idea or concept into mind.

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As you gain more experience in chunking in any particular


subject, you will see that the chunks you are able to create
are biggerin some sense, the ribbons are longer.

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Concepts and problem-solving methods you might learn for


physics can be very similar to chunked concepts in business.

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When you are trying to figure something out, if you have a


good library of chunks, you can more easily skip to the right
solution bymetaphorically speakinglistening to
whispers from your diffuse mode. Your diffuse mode can
help you connect two or more chunks together in new ways
to solve novel problems.
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Retrieval Practice | Coursera

Well done!

5.

Select the following true statements about learning, as discussed on


this module's videos.
Once youve got the basic idea down during a session,
continuing to hammer away at it during the same session
doesnt strengthen the kinds of long-term memory
connections you want to have strengthened. Worse yet,
focusing on one technique is a little like learning carpentry
by only practicing with a hammer. After a while, you think
you can fix anything by just bashing it.

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Interleaving your studiesmaking a point to review for a


test, for example, by skipping around through problems in
the different chapters and materialscan sometimes seem
to make your learning more difficult. But in reality, it helps
you learn more deeply.

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Although practice and repetition are important in helping


build solid neural patterns to draw on, its interleaving that
starts building flexibility and creativity. Its where you leave
the world of practice and repetition and begin thinking more
independently.

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One significant mistake students sometimes make in


learning is jumping into the water before they learn to swim.
In other words, they blindly start working on homework
without reading the textbook, attending lectures, viewing
online lessons, or speaking with someone knowledgeable.

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Retrieval Practice | Coursera

Its like randomly allowing a thought to pop off in the


focused-mode pinball machine without paying any real
attention to where the solution truly lies.

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6.

The neuromodulators acetylcholine, dopamine, and serotonin were


mentioned as affecting specific areas in Dr. Sejnowski's video. Select
the three true statements below, based on Dr. Sejnowski's video,
about which areas these neurotransmitters affect.
Acetylcholine affects focused learning and attention

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Dopamine signals in relation to unexpected reward

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Serotonin affects social life and risk-taking behavior

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Acetylcholine affects unexpected reward

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Dopamine signals in relation to focused learning and


attention

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Serotonin signals in relation to focused learning and


attention

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