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EL VERBO TO BE (SER O ESTAR).

Afirmativa
I
You
He/She
It
We
You
They

am
are
is

tired.
Negativa
I
You
He/She
It
We
You
They

are

Interrogativa
Am
I
Are
you
Is
he/she
tired?
it
we
Are
you
they

m not (am not)


arent (are not)
isnt (is not)

tired.

arent (are not)

Respuestas breves
Yes, I am.
Yes, you are.
Yes, he/she is.
Yes, it is.
Yes, we are.
Yes, you are.
Yes, they are.

No, Im (am) not.


No, you arent (are not).
No, he/she isnt (is not).
No, it isnt (is not).
No, we arent (are not).
No, you arent (are not).
No, they arent (are not).

EL VERBO TO HAVE GOT (TENER).


Afirmativa
I
You
He/She
It
We
You
They

have got
have got
has got
have got

two cars.

Negativa
I
You
He/She
It
We
You
They

havent got
havent got
hasnt got

two cars.

havent got

Interrogativa
Have
I
Have
you
Has
he/she
got
it
we
Have
you
they

two cars?

Respuestas breves
Yes, I have.
Yes, you have.
Yes, he/she has.
Yes, it has.
Yes, we have.
Yes, you have.
Yes, they have.

No, I havent.
No, you havent.
No, he/she hasnt.
No, it isnt hasnt.
No, we havent.
No, you havent.
No, they havent.

VERBO CAN (PODER).


Afirmativa
I
You
He/She
It
We
You
They

can

dance.

Interrogativa

Can

I
you
he/she
dance?
it
we
you
they

Negativa
I
You
He/She
It
We
You
They

can not (cant)

Respuestas breves
Yes, I can.
Yes, you can.
Yes, he/she can.
Yes, it can.
Yes, we can.
Yes, you can.
Yes, they can.

dance.

No, I cant (can not).


No, you cant (can not).
No, he/she cant (can not).
No, it isnt cant (can not).
No, we cant (can not).
No, you cant (can not).
No, they cant (can not).

PRESENTE SIMPLE.
REGLAS DE ORTOGRAFA.

Afirmativa
I
read
You
He/She
reads
a book.
It
We
You
read
They

En general, los verbos aaden s a la tercera


persona del singular:
ask-asks
paint-paints come-comes
Los verbos acabados en s, -x, -sh, -ch, aaden
-es a la tercer persona del singular:
pass-passes finish-finishes
Los verbos do y go tambin aaden es.

Negativa
I
You
He/She
It
We
You
They

dont read
(do not)
doesnt read
(does not)
dont read
(do not)

a book.

Los verbos acabados en consonante + y


cambian la y por i y aaden es:
try-tries
worry-worries
Pero los acabados en vocal + y siguen la regla general:
stay-stays
play-plays

USO.
Interrogativa
Do
I
you
Does
he/she
read a book?
it
we
Do
you
they

Respuestas breves
Yes, I do.
Yes, you do.
Yes, he/she does.
Yes, it does.
Yes, we do.
Yes, you do.
Yes, they do.

Para hablar de acciones rutinarias.


Carol goes to work by train every day.
Carol va en tren al trabajo todos los das.
Para hablar de hechos o verdades generales.
The Nile flows into the Mediterranean.
El Nilo desemboca en el Mediterrneo.
Para hablar de situaciones permanentes.
My parents live in the South of France.
Mis padres viven en el sur de Francia.

No, I dont (do not).


No, you dont (do not).
No, he/she doesnt (does not).
No, it doesnt (does not).
No, we dont (do not).
No, you dont (do not).
No, they dont (do not).

PRESENTE CONTINUO.
Afirmativa
I
You
He/She
It
We
You
They

am eating
are eating
is eating

an apple.

are eating

Interrogativa
Am
I
Are
you
Is
he/she
eating
it
we
Are
you
they

an apple?

Negativa
I
You
He/She
It
We
You
They

m not (am not)


arent (are not)
isnt (is not)

eating

an apple.

arent (are not)

Respuestas breves
Yes, I am.
Yes, you are.
Yes, he/she is.
Yes, it is.
Yes, we are.
Yes, you are.
Yes, they are.

No, Im (am) not.


No, you arent (are not).
No, he/she isnt (is not).
No, it isnt (is not).
No, we arent (are not).
No, you arent (are not).
No, they arent (are not).

REGLAS DE ORTOGRAFA.
En general, aadimos ing a la forma del infinitivo: watch-watching

show-showing

Los verbos acabados en consonante + -e omiten la e final delante de ing: live-living


Los verbos monoslabos acabados en vocal corta + consonante duplican la consonante
final delante de ing:
stop-stopping
put-putting
Los verbos acabados en ie cambian la ie por y delante de ing:

lie-lying

En los verbos acabados en y, la y no cambia delante de -ing: cry-crying


Los verbos de dos o tres slabas que acaban en consonante + vocal + consonante
duplican la consonante final si el acento recae en la ltima slaba: refer-referring

USO. Los verbos acabados en vocal + l duplican la l final delante de ing: travel-travelling
Acciones que ocurren en el momento de hablar.
Shes watching TV now. Est viendo la televisin ahora.
Acciones que estn ocurriendo temporalmente, no necesariamente en el momento
de hablar.
Shes studing law this year. Este ao est estudiando derecho.
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No suele utilizarse con los siguientes verbos: belong, hate, know, love, mean, need,
prefer, remember, understand, want.

VERBO CAN
1. Complete con can o can't.
1. Where

I see a good rock concert?

2. Can Lisa speak French? No, she


3. What

you do?

4. Can Lucy drive? Yes, she


5. Where
6.

I buy a new camera?


you read in Portuguese? Yes, I can.

7. Can I invite my friends? Yes, they


8.

you help me, please?

9.

you play the piano?

10. I

come.

find my keys. Where are they?

2. Order the following sentences and translate to Spanish.


You swim can
dance We can and sing
can they drive
I party come to ? can the
can't You help me.
look You can't.
read He cant English.

3. Elija la opcin ms adecuada para responder a las siguientes preguntas.


Can you drive?
Yes, I do.
Yes, I can.
Can I go now?
Yes, you can.
Yes, you are.
Can this computer do my homework?
No, you can't.
No, it can't.
Can I help you?
Yes, please.
Yes, I can.
Can you help me?
Yes, you are.
Yes, I can.
Can I go to the toilette?
No, you can't.
Yes, I can.
Can Sheila stay at home?
Yes, she does.
Yes, she can.
Can I go to the cinema?
No, you can't.
No, you don't.

PRESENTE CONTINUO.
1. Write in present continuous:
1. Claudia est dibujando.
2. Carlos est viendo la televisin.
3. Carlota no est corriendo.
4. Carlos y Bea no estn bailando.
5. Mis padres estn escribiendo.
6. Mi abuela est durmiendo.

2. Put the verbs in brackets into the Present Continuous.


I'm looking at that girl. She (wear)

a nice jackets.

At the moment he (stand)

inside a telephone box.

She can't talk to you right now. She (have)


Look! He (drink)
Why (you drive)

a shower.

beer.
so fast today?

I (wear)

my favourite skirt today again because I like it.

I (give)

a birthday party tomorrow evening. Will you come?

We (rebuild)
He (study)

our house.
Spanish this year.

At present Lucy (work)

on her project.

Hello! Where (you go)

?
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3. Complete with present continuous.

What is she doing? She (read)

What is she doing? She (have)

a book.

a drink.

What are they doing? They (dance)

What is he doing? He (write)

a letter.

What is he doing? He (work)

What are they doing? They (watch)

the eclipse.

What is he doing? He (play)

What is he doing? He (dance)

What is he doing? He (read)

What is she doing? She (sing)

What is he doing? He (eat)

a book.

a sandwich.

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THERE IS / THERE ARE.


1. There is/there are. Complete the sentences:
1. __________ a desk in the room.
2. __________ twenty students in our class?
3. __________ three pencils on the desk.
4. __________ two cats in the room.
6. __________ a piano in the room.
7. __________ a computer on the desk.
9. __________ a newspaper on the fridge.
10. __________ two pictures on the table.
2. Complete with There is o There are.

a computer.

cherries.

coins.

a hat.

an umbrella.

a clock.

an apple.

books.

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1. Write in English.
Puedo comer una manaza todos los das.

Debajo del fregadero hay una taza.

Estoy saltando.

Estamos yendo al parque?

Ella no puede andar encima de la mesa.

El gato no puede volar.

Estn leyendo un montn de libros.

Podemos ir al cine? No.

Quieres una taza de t? S, gracias.

Qu ests haciendo? Estoy haciendo mis deberes.

No pueden hablar en clase.

El gato est andando debajo de la cama.

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PRESENT SIMPLE.
1. Put the verbs in brackets into the Present Simple.
1. He usually (watch)

TV on Sundays.

2. I never (go)

out on Friday evening.

3. They usually (have)


4. It (rain)

dinner at 7 o'clock.
very often in the south of England.

5. He (come)
6. The shop (open)
7. I (not listen)
8. He sometimes (go)

to visit my mother every day.


at 8.
to the radio very often.
to the pub.

2. Write in negative form.


I play tennis.

He lives in London.

You are good.

She is a teacher.

They live in England.

Joe is a doctor.

Mary is a lawyer.

They have two cars.

We are in London.
1. Write the words in the correct order to make questions.
1. your/is/friend/here.
2.good/a/am/student/I.
3.blue/the/car/is.
4.there/are/bags/two.
5.we/are/where.

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6.happy/dog/the/is.

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