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4 July 2016

COMMUNIQUE
PR/CP(2016)116
Defence Expenditures of NATO Countries (2009-2016)

NATO collects defence expenditures from Allies on a regular basis and presents aggregates
and subsets of this information. Each Allied country’s Ministry of Defence reports current
and estimated future defence expenditure according to an agreed definition of defence
expenditure, and represent payments actually made, or to be made, during the course of
the fiscal year. NATO also makes use of up-to-date economic and demographic information
available from the Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs of the European
Commission, and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. In view
of the differences between this definition and national definitions, the figures shown may
diverge considerably from those which are quoted by national authorities or given in national
budgets. Research and development expenditures related to major equipment are included
in equipment expenditures and pensions paid to retirees in personnel expenditures.
The cut-off date for information used in this report is 1 July 2016. Figures for 2016 are
estimates.
Graphs:
 NATO Europe and Canada – Defence expenditures (annual real change)
 Defence expenditure as share of GDP (%)
 Equipment as a share of Defence Expenditure (%)
Tables:
 Defence expenditures (million national currency)
 Defence expenditures (million US dollars)
 Defence expenditures as a percentage of GDP and annual real change
 Real GDP and per capita
 Defence expenditures per capita and military personnel
 Distribution of defence expenditures by category

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7 -3 -2. -2- 2016e 1.4 2010 2011 2012 -2.17 .51 20 23.23 2.01 0.Graph 1 : NATO Europe and Canada .06 NATO Guideline 20% 17.44 0.5 3.04 1.91 14.0 2014 30 25 2016e Graph 3 : Equipment as share of Defence Expenditure % 35 2015 (based on 2010 prices and exchange rates) 32.54 1.45 1.4 -2.21 2.43 10 8.13 25.0 1.4 -2.03 24.38 2.12 18.5 0.56 1.0 2.94 0.49 1.0 -2 -1.23 14.58 23.91 0.67 13.79 25. * Defence expenditure does not include pensions.86 15 15.48 1.17 1.65 26.23 1.41 9. based on 2010 prices) % 4 3.17 0 2014 2015 Notes: Figures for 2016 are estimates.41 20.21 1.19 1.43 13.85 0.0 3.6 0 -1 -1.16 2.55 12.0 2.00 12.81 5 7.99 0.Defence Expenditures (annual real change.00 NATO Guideline 2% 1.35 1.61 3.24 19.7 -4 2009 2013 2014 2015 2016e Graph 2 : Defence Expenditure as a share of Gross Domestic Product (based on 2010 prices and exchange rates) % 4.60 25.5 1.82 27.50 13.11 1.5 2.17 1.38 1.78 1.27 7.0 3 2 1 0.16 1.

105 36.907 1.067 41.289 22.914 22.423 19.026 19.657 454 39.788 3.206 3.328 3.059 22.400 44.577 17.467 2.807 39.284 2.297 33.028 18.716 38.159 15.518 28.226 18.027 387 37.985 29.972 22.613 4.323 43.625 41.039 39.767 15.739 43.280 37.541 11.727 39.307 1.508 29.382 6.733 38.630 4.934 295.764 4.534 26.960 1.630 859 583 11.484 22.662 33.956 1.401 58.244 26.946 160 998 145 8.059 42.899 4.604 | 266 38.216 20.673 6.978 39.521 123 806 154 7.520 772.341 20.815 728 356 9.155 353.894 289.660 1.690 39.808 25.399 725.199 35.827 39.894 997 21.783 608.634 6.369 22.600 136 870 167 8.966 280.359 40.819 21.271 905 354 9.406 275.808 5.156 40.089 4.153 977 569 12.980 366 575 240 8.999 286.613 18.102 20.820 4.314 321 38.076 4.123 5.240 686.263 4.682 361 39.196 47.939 281.671 3.978 16.048 1.457 8.702 43.493 1.627 7.057 39.709 | 196 1.190 34.423 33.096 593.466 39.273 21.735 223 | 383 197 7.241 39.949 136 813 160 8.099 19.057 50.637 133 849 187 8.894 39.476 158 1.282 794 423 10.942 16.840 41.848 42.966 280.657 40.635 644.116 19.057 50.255 4.674 1.798 36.190 315.199 34.586 47.288 24.207 7.707 23.465 26.423 19.769 386 39.408 318 514 209 7.898 1.255 5.835 2.857 2.741 145 855 167 8.053 720.235 43.000 32.560 28.253 18.264 22.593 3.885 2.004 170 7.927 754 474 10.227 23.131 24.466 19.035 23.092 18.321 3.845 39.132 21. for Latvia from 2014 and for Lithuania from 2015).339 337 37.501 35.979 2.472 39.086 262.824 680.902 653.543 34.328 3.030 4.288 37.776 1.084 34.003 22.768 (a) Data do not include pensions.427 3.297 35.790 23.960 1.000 46.078 149 923 176 7.895 21.618 340 39.776 4.828 5.111 190 7.788 46.204 740.230 936 365 10.760 23.428 | 221 1.603 37.673 6.925 5.018 18.650 20.357 757.360 3.115 249.062 38.365 2.053 720.642 254 | 425 225 8.455 5.877 3.136 4.337 889 361 10.160 729 382 9.104 33.525 133 844 159 7.925 5.377 2010 prices Albania Belgium Bulgaria (a) Canada Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Estonia (b) France Germany Greece Hungary Italy Latvia (b) Lithuania (b) Luxembourg Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Turkey United Kingdom United States Leks Euros Leva Canadian dollars Kunas Koruny Kroner Krooni-Euros Euros Euros Euros Forint Euros Lats-Euros Litai-Euros Euros Euros Kroner Zlotys Euros New Lei Euros Euros Euros Liras Pounds US dollars 18.056 21.922 39.117 4.780 25.398 37.956 36.856 18.252 3.374 41.840 3.196 705 373 9.172 3.273 8.234 31.196 18.294 37.835 37.590 4.928 17.230 19.922 39.196 19.402 34.023 1.013 19.384 297. -3- .255 5.608 2. (b) Data are expressed in Euros (for Estonia from 2011.110 17.360 305.113 1.874 2.058 19.311 298.608 2.567 41.822 2.234 50.749 3.135 4.372 19.322 4.808 25.241 34.115 364 37.356 59.883 32.495 27.626 21.168 4.Table 1 : Defence expenditures (million national currency) Country (0) Currency unit (million) (-) 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 e (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) Current prices Albania Belgium Bulgaria (a) Canada Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Estonia (b) France Germany Greece Hungary Italy Latvia (b) Lithuania (b) Luxembourg Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Turkey United Kingdom United States Leks Euros Leva Canadian dollars Kunas Koruny Kroner Krooni-Euros Euros Euros Euros Forint Euros Lats-Euros Litai-Euros Euros Euros Kroner Zlotys Euros New Lei Euros Euros Euros Liras Pounds US dollars 17.365 281.967 21.263 9.622 26.402 301.340 314 38.209 2.976 22.767 3.012 4.708 864 349 9.013 44.241 39.964 1.418 7.029 611.828 24.940 2.947 19.323 2.895 21.978 5.700 4.630 859 583 11.259 | 280 38.656 23.021 150 8.230 19.710 7.785 972 575 12.495 17.366 7.402 18.171 7.378 2.442 38.132 21.187 20.898 42.584 20.402 9.022 3.005 38.803 1.003 641.692 6.321 3.803 17.279 25.472 39.960 23.908 664.431 4.434 22.563 712.356 4.637 133 849 187 8.443 34.641 771 417 10.014 752 366 9.376 10.241 34.633 423 39.133 2.097 19.430 7.756 22.691 4.066 21.021 3.681 4.614 34.744 19.620 21.255 766 479 10.998 21.279 25.

802 1.680 59.214 4.592 18.102 5.754 482 49.129 4.923 2.947 269.134 60.475 3.365 3.205 611.473 39.847 689 808 2.715 6.180 999 627 13.050 965.086 1.245 46.364 469 43.468 248 324 214 10.240 186 5.203 2.022 6.245 832 920 2.380 1.095 757.106 3.336 10.065 666 13.740 1.705 1.743 18.659 8.298 Belgium Bulgaria * Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Estonia France Germany Greece Hungary Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Turkey United Kingdom NATO .469 10.272 704.563 43.747 6.240 19.113 746.226 257.307 54.447 872 982 3.858 1.016 5.182 2.942 235.450 1.880 44.444 679.803 253.058.785 59.131 6.540 2.500 758 996 2.930 3.902 1.573 60.580 986 401 11.476 30.966 629.210 24.452 968 507 12.196 7.011 2.566 281 471 249 8.474 497 43.339 7.557 686.212 14.470 5.013.169 722 865 2.319 184 5.761 164 4.423 437 50.936 9.768 298 392 198 11.895 58.856 270.350 799 16.264 934 494 12.377 North America 793.745 5.104 3.337 3.138 772 14.013.155 2.Total * Data do not include pensions.470 996.401 883.407 9.253 238.322 26.184 747 805 1.401 3.Europe NATO .024 400 11.293 754 16.204 11.199 469 13.652 2.493 3.228 342 52.143 608.163 644.139 172 4.319 13.347 Canada United States 282.423 281.592 18.647 1.448 293 427 253 10.159 255.138 772 14.047 866.243 21.427 62.777 20.023 663 607 1.654 19.912 13.435 1.852 183 5.393 27.635 2.439 45. -4- .911 Canada United States 278.090 1.223 289 345 232 11.150 653.435 17.656 251 326 248 11.280 26.971 889.040 740.823 739.170 55.255 7.721 43.113 762.518 942.660 4.583 65.367 6.783 2.556 8.351 28.744 263.437 4.535 251 324 210 9.317 45.577 263.783 661.971 46.831 58.014 3.690 132 4.633 1.722 5.668 15.263 24.Table 2 : Defence expenditures (million US dollars) Country 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 e (0) (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) Current prices and exchange rates Albania 183 5.658 281 355 234 10.218 633 669 1.349 2.072.794 447 50.179 13.710 3.329 197 5.921 3.647 58.439 18.365 7.505 186 5.482 1.343 3.705 1.220 6.012.656 251 326 248 11.840 296 507 262 10.328 417 50.310 1.853 232 309 204 10.504 332 51.423 265.353 25.784 732.692 997 486 12.614 13.129 259 385 225 9.086 1.943 12.007 3.589 2.917 1.016 180 5.612 21.902 1.255 7.984 13.561 14.634 144 4.743 14.912 3.438 177 5.134 60.250 7.692 5.261 18.131 15.690 720.077 672.968 426 50.144 462 13.895 3.489 2.766 6.136 626.056 513 52.520 1.900 3.599 9.782 1.156 1.329 14.466 274.518 389 53.055 421 680 277 10.746 257 312 212 10.092 656.504 725.157 675 952 2.337 353 54.112 918.202 22.Europe NATO .570 7.843 18.766 1.221 680.844 15.472 30.173 43.917 513 49.143 8.197 352 50.042 3.660 4.831 1.493 3.835 1.353 892.530 8.499 8.499 8.465 45.453 1.064 11.686 22.380 739 730 2.825 57.226 7.596 2.090 12.131 19.620 40.873 5.251 1.329 187 5.225 1.044.494 14.045 611.220 6.326 20.740 2.690 720.670 6.947 9.026 274.623 905 1.450 23.959 Denmark Estonia France Germany Greece Hungary Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Turkey United Kingdom NATO .911 2.941 699.332 7.226 1.878 400 630 263 9.815 10.550 1.001 751 847 2.058 North America 776.994 712.441 18.263 4.395 664.561 739.020 543 13.442 47.832 12.748 1.201 152 4.813 4.971 46.018 59.469 29.558 593.003 2.022 553 14.768 260.140 6.932 5.607 14.148 4.232 9.836 17.459 964 471 12.245 832 920 2.078 4.441 48.162 685 891 2.743 14.595 968.632 5.797 772.264 811 850 2.540 2.216 480 52.721 46.975 4.262 2.006 46.040 2.663 4.193 5.525 919.616 62.411 1.Total 2010 prices and exchange rates Albania Belgium Bulgaria * Croatia Czech Republic 174 5.626 696 800 2.263 178 5.185 4.191 641.100 1.504 332 51.351 28.145 3.486 316 402 202 12.977 59.667 3.378 6.

35 1.21 -1.34 -1.24 -4.51 -6.85 1.02 2.96 1.31 4.85 1.10 1.34 1.95 -1.80 10.37 14.77 -9.99 1.46 Canada United States 1.89 0.82 -21.68 -31.04 2.51 4.47 1.26 7.82 2. -5- .98 18.16 -4.10 8.44 1.87 1.07 0.09 1.42 4.95 -2.35 1.31 -11.75 1.95 -1.61 2.99 0.00 1.35 2.73 -4.45 -7.41 2.94 -17.19 31.20 0.Table 3 : Defence expenditures as a percentage of gross domestic product and annual real change (based on 2010 prices) Country 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 e (0) (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) As a percentage of gross domestic product Albania Belgium Bulgaria * Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Estonia France Germany Greece Hungary Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Turkey United Kingdom 1.61 -4.88 0.63 34.86 1.87 1.10 1.50 0.99 1.28 2.68 -5.80 -3.79 -13.32 -13.94 1.67 1.38 1.36 NATO .54 1.45 1.67 -4.05 0.92 0.31 -6.32 -1.90 1.89 -3.38 -1.87 -12.41 0.23 1.70 1.07 1.91 1.31 4.94 0.03 -4.29 1.11 1.82 14.98 0.08 7.47 0.52 1.75 2.54 1.28 1.31 -9.89 1.50 -5.22 6.81 3.43 Annual real change -4.21 -8.97 Canada United States 5.32 9.23 3.81 -6.48 -0.97 1.51 3.84 1.23 -2.80 1.71 1.18 1.27 -1.04 0.30 -7.56 -6.68 -18.38 1.25 1.46 4.11 -5.04 1.04 1.91 1.74 1.23 1.59 3.56 1.03 1.97 -10.16 1.01 5.85 1.85 4.75 1.13 1.56 1.48 1.74 -9.52 NATO .53 0.06 1.33 3.23 1.23 2.82 2.94 1.51 -5.20 2.57 -0.63 -12.40 1.76 0.63 42.40 0.94 1.33 -2.02 1.61 1.22 -4.78 -3.34 1.06 1.53 -14.41 1.68 9.62 1.07 -14.35 2.99 7.49 1.17 1.64 1.39 3.06 1.62 7.32 1.42 6.52 1.98 0.51 2.30 1.34 1.41 1.51 1.09 3.34 0.72 1.49 1.38 1.56 2.69 -9.82 -1.53 18.43 1.60 -4.79 2.71 3.01 3.77 4.53 1.46 1.44 -3.26 0.70 1.47 0.11 -8.52 -12.23 7.Total 3.45 2.59 -8.16 1.04 5.51 0.81 10.13 8.58 6.47 1.84 4.49 North America 2.88 2.68 1.67 1.73 -15.30 6.08 -4.64 2.76 1.93 -3.74 -1.95 -5.20 2.09 3.01 1.05 -1.51 2.02 1.68 -14.54 1.76 1.30 1.Europe 1.71 0.91 4.76 0.53 1.29 4.18 2.80 -0.21 0.49 0.50 2.01 1.63 -4.61 North America 4.23 2.04 1.04 -1.33 1.43 -1.48 0.72 7.54 -2.53 1.72 16.Total 0.19 2.30 3.42 4.44 -3.39 1.14 2.29 4.29 1.09 2.16 0.09 -8.60 1.07 1.65 9.70 2.05 1.39 1.12 -3.27 1.80 1.08 1.94 1.33 -5.74 -1.58 6.14 0.36 -18.21 0.92 -6.Europe * Data do not include pensions.17 -6.84 -6.54 0.02 1.32 -4.15 0.65 24.09 0.32 -4.95 -5.42 -8.82 -9.81 -2.38 1.06 1.12 -3.87 1.77 1.66 2.52 -3.11 9.57 1.44 6.38 -8.37 5.05 1.80 5.33 2.89 0.49 1.99 5.90 2.94 0.90 18.14 1.81 4.08 10.90 7.30 -2.11 -2.95 -1.81 3.97 -5.54 0.48 -4.00 -6.90 -0.79 0.88 1.02 -5.24 1.22 1.06 0.02 -0.46 1.05 1.04 1.52 1.38 1.41 1.39 1.30 0.91 2.54 4.95 1.42 2.91 -0.11 -1.66 6.89 -1.66 -1.21 1.16 2.28 1.09 -2.65 Albania Belgium Bulgaria * Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Estonia France Germany Greece Hungary Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Turkey United Kingdom NATO .40 2.56 2.23 -18.38 1.64 1.70 1.00 -13.53 1.59 1.32 11.72 -2.45 1.93 0.16 0.44 1.19 2.32 1.08 3.44 -3.10 0.22 -2.36 8.78 3.21 1.23 1.41 1.78 3.29 1.45 -7.07 -12.24 0.74 -1.52 0.46 0.59 -6.57 1.42 1.05 1.17 3.08 -1.16 1.93 1.13 5.17 2.90 3.27 -4.23 1.51 0.62 -0.22 -11.08 1.06 -0.22 1.40 2.21 NATO .78 1.70 -2.16 1.16 1.60 11.28 -14.56 1.03 -1.66 2.82 -3.96 1.35 0.76 3.58 -4.08 -8.76 0.82 -4.03 0.02 0.98 2.45 0.72 1.88 3.63 -10.47 2.67 2.22 1.25 -6.83 -11.36 -8.27 3.54 -6.35 1.55 -1.30 1.31 2.33 1.92 1.94 0.42 1.87 2.70 -4.38 -1.14 -5.47 -1.17 -6.36 -16.30 2.37 1.31 -17.85 25.15 1.14 1.19 2.

8 41.9 89.328 33.0 4.Total 36.4 22.5 13.6 19.479 13 493 52 58 208 322 22 2.030 17.3 4.1 14.2 48.711 NATO .6 50.6 11.5 99.567 244 133 14 2.7 45.6 Canada United States 46.930 18.4 37.949 34.4 48.5 17.761 3.794 16.8 22.160 16.6 29.5 11.549 1.596 3.9 17.204 1.4 44.5 13.7 33.2 44.673 NATO .9 30.2 12.1 22.8 16.1 41.0 9.049 28 44 61 862 466 554 227 189 100 49 1.578 16.2 30.5 11.3 101.9 13.624 246 137 15 2.137 25 39 54 850 433 503 234 170 92 48 1.5 45.9 103.3 40.3 4.6 41.8 57.2 50.5 -6- .5 49.3 35.4 49.367 12 484 50 60 207 320 20 2.8 14.6 6.9 43.9 21.8 88.3 48.6 13.4 14.5 41.2 13.8 22.9 14.4 45.5 45.556 252 130 14 2.544 33.2 29.4 47.798 3.021 36.6 12.376 872 2.1 39.3 49.3 51.6 50.2 22.Europe 29.595 1.7 37.1 14.3 44.0 4.565 14.420 907 2.157 1.7 57.613 14.0 35.8 21.1 15.6 14.5 50.460 942 2.3 44.5 4.2 31.7 15.8 6.0 103.7 38.9 51.096 17.5 37.2 22.6 14.1 8.1 24.265 34.7 50.7 48.9 19.0 41.4 13.8 38.2 13.090 25 37 50 825 426 462 234 169 85 47 1.417 299 130 13 2.432 731 2.746 245 144 16 2.3 16.283 317 129 14 2.384 16.4 44.2 22.9 13.9 87.1 19.5 47.5 14.4 39.600 35.3 NATO .3 15.4 15.5 9.4 44.6 11.9 20.685 245 142 15 2.357 846 2.7 52.4 49.702 3.235 17.990 Canada United States 1.9 43.9 45.542 272 132 14 2.4 6.Europe 16.417 795 2.1 17.9 38.2 49.3 42.2 44.8 41.5 11.666 14 513 55 59 226 334 24 2.533 13 500 52 57 212 327 23 2.0 58.4 30.5 23.3 48.4 12.0 13.3 21.7 4.6 47.8 13.9 57.4 58.0 14.0 37.5 17.5 91.3 9.3 34.542 1.5 7.647 3.3 106.3 38.9 107.4 17.6 13.9 29.504 17.2 31.1 50.3 12.2 8.5 19.2 7.1 42.041 27 42 56 837 449 518 222 177 95 47 1.0 23.431 670 2.077 26 41 53 841 445 511 225 171 93 47 1.7 14.1 11.4 30.7 14.1 17.0 103.731 15.3 87.7 23.3 51.0 North America 47.1 21.0 41.9 44.4 23.6 40.824 16.3 13.341 17.5 22.774 1.450 12 493 51 58 209 323 22 2.1 89.1 13.125 24 37 52 836 429 479 238 168 89 48 1.9 9.6 13.849 North America 16.4 44.6 13.1 40.7 41.7 42.964 1.081 17.4 22.4 7.750 17.4 33.5 10.693 15.5 22.6 51.9 23.7 31.9 4.1 30.1 44.729 3.0 38.2 57.1 58.2 8.7 14.707 3.6 26.4 13.3 44.1 24.8 NATO .0 39.9 19.9 49.4 30.Total 32.5 12.7 12.5 18.9 41.5 50.663 GDP per capita (thousand US dollars) Albania Belgium Bulgaria Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Estonia France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Turkey United Kingdom 3.3 57.725 3.868 17.678 17.6 30.1 11.7 100.070 29 46 63 877 469 571 230 197 103 50 1.4 50.343 18.3 13.6 35.9 88.1 22.3 10.3 48.9 17.6 34.403 12 492 51 59 211 324 21 2.5 18.3 40.7 10.1 33.6 7.9 13.4 21.5 8.8 28.6 20.2 88.4 8.7 49.271 36.2 22.8 50.1 50.5 30.664 15.6 30.605 13 507 54 58 221 330 23 2.Table 4 : Gross domestic product (2010 prices and exchange rates) Country (0) 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 e (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) Real GDP (billion US dollars) Albania Belgium Bulgaria Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Estonia France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Turkey United Kingdom 12 471 50 61 202 315 19 2.8 7.380 812 2.5 13.773 16.034 28 44 58 846 459 535 224 182 97 48 1.

084 2.360 207 1.305 North America 1.881 1.513 2.9 48 19 0.488 1.Europe 503 494 476 465 458 450 452 463 Canada United States 646 548 595 532 488 509 492 504 2.306 231 1.199 1.352 258 1.198 Albania Belgium Bulgaria Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Estonia France Germany Greece Hungary Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Turkey United Kingdom * Data do not include pensions.062 1.325 2.425 68 1.9 42 20 0.915 1.Europe 2.126 1.338 66 1.311 65 1.710 1.9 45 21 0.316 322 1.450 1.862 1.956 1.182 2.497 3.9 41 21 0.017 1.8 44 21 0.035 1.226 3.004 1.149 2.404 1.376 1.Table 5 : Defence expenditures per capita and military personnel Country 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 e (0) (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) Defence expenditures per capita in 2010 US dollars 60 64 64 64 61 59 52 57 505 115 482 110 470 92 467 94 450 103 434 95 413 97 388 103 228 293 765 214 253 812 222 216 753 209 211 774 199 204 707 191 194 672 190 222 661 174 222 686 256 811 249 800 265 772 314 773 323 770 339 758 367 745 392 747 567 878 147 576 711 135 565 584 140 581 523 136 542 493 128 533 500 122 536 537 135 542 537 148 500 139 479 120 462 125 428 114 405 125 364 130 343 150 380 214 124 398 709 105 489 675 103 408 639 103 384 619 109 385 580 131 403 579 175 460 592 237 475 602 1.112 2.9 48 18 0.311 231 1.822 1. 180 106 19 197 20 193 19 192 19 189 18 189 17 183 17 182 18 182 5 8 5 8 5 8 5 8 5 8 5 9 5 12 5 13 0.822 Canada United States 60 1.325 2..739 NATO .572 3.Total 3.845 1.418 61 1.876 North America 2.774 1.427 68 1.8 41 21 0.9 41 20 99 40 100 43 97 35 98 34 100 33 99 31 103 31 103 31 67 15 7 67 14 7 66 13 7 66 13 7 66 12 7 65 12 7 64 12 7 70 13 7 132 495 131 495 127 495 125 495 122 427 122 423 121 426 121 411 195 198 191 184 179 169 163 161 NATO .589 3.153 2.467 1.328 2.329 220 1.370 NATO .119 1.400 68 1. -7- .382 66 1.478 1.423 3. .312 3.493 1.Total 1.006 961 939 958 Albania Belgium Bulgaria * Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Estonia France Germany Greece Hungary Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Turkey United Kingdom Military personnel (thousands) 11 36 11 34 10 32 8 31 7 31 7 31 6 31 7 29 32 16 30 16 29 16 26 16 28 16 27 15 27 15 31 15 24 19 5 24 19 5 22 19 6 22 19 6 20 18 6 20 17 6 21 16 6 22 16 6 239 247 135 234 235 128 227 205 117 219 192 110 213 184 110 207 179 107 207 180 106 .. .318 225 1.398 297 340 111 335 103 330 108 300 104 306 113 281 123 291 138 309 147 239 369 349 210 377 317 185 306 285 189 269 306 172 240 268 178 228 270 211 224 283 221 227 285 191 956 193 961 188 937 190 855 195 907 192 886 194 857 185 913 NATO ..

31 66.10 15.27 77.81 34.04 16.18 55.41 13.69 77.98 12.Table 6a : Distribution of defence expenditures by category (%) Country (0) 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 e (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) Equipment (a) Albania Belgium Bulgaria * Canada Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Estonia France Germany Greece Hungary Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Turkey United Kingdom United States 11.53 69.99 22.38 57.40 51.00 20.15 78.58 16.78 51.29 76.74 10.74 39.10 11.28 52.27 71.56 48.57 12.82 25.21 69.05 56.02 13.69 56.88 30.00 46.07 56.38 21.39 1.90 8.35 6.55 50.86 21.71 53.37 52.39 84.86 27.47 24.08 22.14 9.64 55.41 52.81 8.37 26.79 13.53 51.99 70.86 74.06 65.48 28.97 57. -8- .06 48.85 34.63 52.02 47.80 55.99 22.31 67.17 56. (b) Personnel expenditures include military and civilian expenditures and pensions.06 8.47 74.11 50.81 2.07 75.65 32.92 15.19 56.23 12.39 9.39 25.92 7.23 14.22 32.30 71.21 12.47 13.80 78.56 27.19 48.03 7.15 5.60 21.21 45.61 37.41 17.11 56.88 72.21 63.62 48.48 33.11 67.70 18.90 32.11 69.78 54.53 49.38 49.29 8.33 5.12 12.57 7.91 24.47 5.67 11.45 7.79 15.55 18.94 25.43 57.52 11.70 77.30 79.55 33.87 10.55 33.44 3.63 64.56 1.02 57.07 7.82 67.93 17.29 2.10 10.54 64.29 11.57 3.75 49.43 17.99 14.01 39.24 82.69 30.15 69.88 46.68 Personnel (b) Albania Belgium Bulgaria * Canada Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Estonia France Germany Greece Hungary Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Turkey United Kingdom United States 66.89 21.08 41.27 6.13 19.87 52.88 67.48 46.81 18.80 64.79 70.53 78.30 56.79 49.51 47.34 78.13 13.75 8.66 47.25 54.62 10.43 73.23 14.72 9.48 36.85 78.26 14.88 36.98 66.12 0.86 12.75 38.84 50.07 62.82 4.84 8.70 79.36 47.89 59.47 59.36 6.54 42.15 24.22 65.88 36.13 12.29 34.42 3.16 73.01 26.00 66.98 24.10 68.82 14.70 6.20 17.50 39.34 56.05 29.06 22.60 25.61 10.15 44.89 13.97 78.96 82.02 38.17 12.43 25.38 25.65 46.67 77.44 68.78 9.58 23.72 14.23 49.41 13.39 61.76 10.05 47.57 18.00 34.06 62.77 8.12 1.00 12.49 25.14 80.19 47.49 42.01 50.35 52.59 35.93 36.21 19.60 64.31 60.66 49.19 56.21 22.03 13.24 61.31 14.58 37.77 53.08 55.82 25.45 78.75 11.59 17.20 8.75 12.65 10.31 79.28 42.04 11.36 51.80 9.28 49.17 16.17 9.27 72.02 58.30 45.13 18.20 17.67 15.03 50.74 12.17 7.58 11.72 13.93 12.83 49.68 10.54 26.28 1.42 46.53 49.53 10.31 56.51 13.86 14.52 50.07 58.27 7.84 8.15 17.41 25.56 50.67 49.65 18.30 9.88 8.03 13.49 11.71 41.08 75.43 26.52 1.20 74.68 21.76 15.31 45.91 57.04 48.97 16.50 13.12 75.94 26.66 50.06 10.07 81.09 9.01 * Data do not include pensions.83 16.74 12.02 37.98 59.93 50.94 8.18 79.25 77.17 18.57 19.24 17.97 8.91 13.41 7.91 65.19 15.50 24.07 63.57 22.10 27.43 15.14 82.53 41.16 9.92 57.58 58.56 12.51 12.23 57. (a) Equipment expenditures include major equipment expenditures and R&D devoted to major equipment.61 21.66 43.17 15.90 69.71 13.86 14.47 50.66 65.71 7.64 52.89 25.03 51.92 3.98 17.34 4.96 75.39 61.08 42.29 54.52 64.34 53.74 22.33 9.23 23.25 52.52 68.86 70.18 49.78 9.11 28.06 8.42 16.10 58.64 74.74 24.82 77.03 69.68 8.60 73.27 12.45 81.80 80.27 38.05 77.16 10.28 38.69 63.40 17.38 68.77 76.15 66.23 8.66 75.81 53.71 49.13 36.45 11.55 14.33 15.53 50.64 65.67 14.20 22.13 61.45 15.60 45.69 6.75 35.79 9.35 75.66 13.65 3.92 75.11 36.11 13.00 52.73 19.50 17.80 10.81 66.06 11.08 12.41 5.77 11.90 57.42 14.

84 1.24 8.26 2.80 0.18 2.57 6.12 16.04 10.17 16.46 28.62 0.28 33.96 0.91 36.76 28.87 2.46 1.25 21.06 1.42 5.62 11.03 24.03 15.63 36.55 17.68 22.77 6.98 0.97 1.Table 6b : Distribution of defence expenditures by category (%) Country (0) 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 e (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) Infrastructure (a) Albania Belgium Bulgaria * Canada Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Estonia France Germany Greece Hungary Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Turkey United Kingdom United States 3.14 35.21 0.46 9.96 32.75 0.55 33.64 10.24 8. -9- .18 3.40 32.16 16.88 1.39 18.47 0.32 1.78 1.70 1.66 35.23 20.77 0.72 14.20 22.22 37.36 3.46 24.64 32.34 35.11 1.79 25.61 1.77 29.07 39.95 22.79 16.77 4.16 34.19 10.89 29.25 2.51 24.00 22.69 22.31 9.15 24.93 21.26 2.64 38.91 2.04 11.95 16.97 2.24 20.88 33.86 Other (b) Albania Belgium Bulgaria * Canada Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Estonia France Germany Greece Hungary Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Turkey United Kingdom United States 18.11 1.95 15.19 29.67 1.56 27.65 0.78 11.10 26.58 17.30 6.33 28.85 3.09 16.40 38.21 20.62 14.59 22.01 6.62 22.08 20.02 0.02 13.14 19.32 23.03 24.78 37.27 1.17 4.47 4.07 1.84 35.36 2.09 0.22 2.69 1.71 2.23 0.91 38.57 1.60 22.90 39.27 38.85 37.87 11.89 22.11 19.40 5.55 41.62 3.13 34.99 0.89 1.78 23.45 13.40 8.06 15.26 4.90 2.65 44.16 29.81 2.43 15.24 6.31 1.42 3.19 37.68 47.94 18.24 5.84 34.97 0.89 19.28 20. (b) Other expenditures include operations and maintenance expenditures.87 3.05 20.33 27.18 0.64 1.49 15.02 5.91 36.07 13.30 3.47 12.18 2.37 34.93 17.11 3.16 0.06 3.61 16.77 18.83 15.01 2.72 1.20 2.17 28.68 2.77 19.86 1.74 5.64 5.98 19.07 1.12 1.13 1.57 1.30 8.58 21.14 0.26 19.75 37.58 16.26 28.45 5.95 1.38 22.67 27.80 36.21 2.47 1.39 5.55 21.91 1.63 23.06 29.86 4.81 1.05 26.29 1.75 35.13 22.04 1.04 2.55 37.47 8.74 0.75 16.55 44.46 25.00 5.64 2.26 21.45 22.73 12.69 27.79 1.80 38.80 1.16 1.02 2.19 16.78 31.59 0.78 1.05 33.10 1.97 4.92 20.24 3.49 38.52 9.20 3.49 14.08 0.46 21.18 1.31 21.40 0.70 4.47 0.43 38.06 2.57 1.93 28.37 2.17 2.64 3.91 11.04 19.82 28.17 0.56 30.10 36.80 27.53 7.21 2.95 40.44 16. other R&D expenditures and expenditures not allocated among above-mentioned categories.97 8.29 1.69 7.16 7.39 4.42 29.23 9.13 38.57 5.58 19.85 22.61 1.91 31.84 3.79 9.71 1.59 26.68 21.13 5.10 24.67 2.24 17.73 3.11 27.45 6.67 24.49 3.71 15.76 0.11 1.68 2.42 18.33 3.22 10.19 11.83 27.43 1. (a) Infrastructure expenditures include NATO common infrastructure and national military construction.72 2.26 1.04 1.50 15.62 0.22 4.61 0.22 12.01 25.49 4.52 38.16 11.81 0.60 4.79 2.39 4.40 30.97 2.24 15.72 16.25 1.49 2.63 3.80 3.81 3.88 2.91 29.65 0.42 42.16 0.53 17.51 24.75 2.57 0.53 5.60 32.63 13.45 2.34 0.30 0.88 18.36 2.60 34.49 21.64 1.16 3.35 28.24 2.91 33.17 10.31 30.68 23.52 26.48 0.32 1.27 30.27 9.14 10.12 16.63 2.75 1.51 1.27 5.55 0.79 16.77 31.02 39.83 15.81 4.34 2.02 4.27 1.35 13.01 1.31 19.66 2.76 12.84 12.56 20.40 35.38 18.19 0.67 35.16 36.47 5.76 2.68 4.37 7.49 16.51 32.76 5.38 28.53 0.60 0.33 0.05 23.57 2.43 14.86 * Data do not include pensions.93 1.79 3.89 2.13 11.53 11.77 1.36 1.73 36.40 11.38 1.87 19.64 2.09 8.81 1.24 10.38 17.67 34.30 17.54 2.71 16.85 3.54 3.88 15.13 3.

should be included in the defence expenditure of the donor country and not in the defence expenditure of the receiving country. NATO uses United States dollars (USD) as the common currency denominator. Medical Service. In such cases. War damage payments and spending on civil defence are both excluded from the NATO definition of defence expenditure. Expenditures for peacekeeping and humanitarian operations (paid by MoD or other ministries). customs. gendarmerie.NATO definition of defence expenditure NATO defines defence expenditure as payments made by a national government specifically to meet the needs of its armed forces or those of Allies. and can.g. be deployed outside national territory in support of a military force. Also. R&D costs should also include those for projects that do not successfully lead to production of equipment. Expenditure for the military component of mixed civilian-military activities is included. border guards. Maritime and Air forces as well as Joint formations such as Administration and Command. but only when this military component can be specifically accounted for or estimated. current prices and exchange rates. coast guards etc. To avoid any ambiguity. The values for defence expenditure are expressed in current prices. the fiscal year has been designated by the year which includes the highest number of months: e. Iceland has no armed forces. the defence data relating to France is indicative only. Conventional signs: e . constant prices. expenditure on Other Forces financed through the budgets of ministries other than MoD should be included in defence expenditure. The exchange rate applied to each Ally is the average annual rate published by the IMF. A major component of defence expenditure is payments on Armed Forces financed within the Ministry of Defence (MoD) budget. carabinierie. Research and development (R&D) costs are to be included in defence expenditures. specifically to support the defence effort of the recipient. Expenditure on NATO Common infrastructure is included in the total defence expenditure of each NATO country only to the extent of that country's net contribution. Because of rounding. from 2014 for Latvia. and from 2015 for Lithuania. are expressed in Euros. Special Operations Forces. Financial assistance by one Allied country to another. the destruction of weapons. Armed Forces include Land. Note to readers: Albania and Croatia joined the Alliance in 2009. national police forces. equipment and ammunition.. Monetary values. from 2009 for Slovak Republic. expenditure should be included only in proportion to the forces that are trained in military tactics. as well as constant prices and exchange rates. from 2011 for Estonia. the total figures may differ from the sum of their components. -10- estimated nil not available not applicable break in continuity of series decimal point . 2014 represents the fiscal year 2014/2015 for Canada and United Kingdom and the fiscal year 2013/2014 for the United States. realistically. // | . are equipped as a military force. and the costs associated with inspection and control of equipment destruction are included in defence expenditures. Prior to 2010. They might also include "Other Forces" like Ministry of Interior troops. Pension payments made directly by the government to retired military and civilian employees of military departments should be included regardless of whether these payments are made from the budget of the MoD or other ministries. Logistic Command etc. can operate under direct military authority in deployed operations.

1.11 2.1.4 1.1.1 1.8 2.4 3 3.2.4.2 1.2 2.4.2 1.5 1.1.2 1.1.3.4.9 2.2 2.3.3.3.6 2.10 2.1 3.1.4.3 1.1.4.5 2.2 1.7 2.3 1.4 1.1 2.3 2.1 1.4.2.1.1.Nomenclature of NATO defence expenditure: 1 1.1 2.2 4 5 6 7 Operating Costs Military personnel Pay and allowances Employer's contributions to retirement funds Other Civilian personnel Pay and allowances Employer's contributions to retirement funds Pensions Paid to military retirees Paid to civilian retirees Operations and maintenance Ammunition and explosives (excluding nuclear) Petroleum products Spare parts Other equipment and supplies Rents Other operations and maintenance Procurement and Construction Major equipment Missile systems Missiles (conventional weapons) Nuclear weapons Aircraft Artillery Combat vehicles Engineering equipment Weapons and small arms Transport vehicles Ships and harbour craft Electronic and communications equipment National military construction NATO common infrastructure Expenditure as host country Payments to other countries Receipts from other countries Land and utilities Research and Development Devoted to major equipment Other Other Expenditures Total Statistical discrepancy Adjusted Total -11- .3.1.1.1 2.3 1.1 1.6 2 2.1.1.1 1.3 2.1.3.2 1.3 2.4 2.2 2.1 1.