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A STUDY OF SOCIO-

ECOLOGICAL RESOURCE OF
NAWADA

By: Amit Kumar Singh


Enrollment No: 15BSP0163

Course: Business Research Methods


Semester: II
Batch: 2015-2017
CONTENT

1)Name of the place: Muncipal ward / Gram


Panchayat you reside.
2)Description: history of the place, eminent
personalities, monuments, schools, colleges/
clubs / libraries etc.
3)Geography: lakes, rivers, canals.
4) Natural and community resources, (flora, fauna, parks,
ponds/lakes, community forest etc)
5) Demography: race, religion, caste, education, income etc
6) Traditional/community/local knowledge (traditional medicine,
folksong, food, crafts, festivals, events/ fairs etc)
7) About the local economy
8) A brief write up on any local micro enterprise1 which has the
potential to emerge as a prominent brand in next few years. If
the brand deserves GI Registration2, mention it in your report
justifying the same.
9) Names of few organizations/institutions of your region which
fall under the category, termed as, the Third Sector 3.

3
1. RESIDENCE
My place of residence is located in Nawada District,
Bihar, India.
The name of my place is Nawada town, connected to the
capital of the state Patna via Railway and road.
Nawada is 120 Km away from the state capital Patna.
My residence comes under Nawada town under the
authority of Nawada Zila Parishad.
Present MLA of of Nawada town is Rajvalav yadav.
Present MP of Nawada town is Giriraj singh.

2. INTRODUCTION
Nawada is a town situated in the Magadh division of south Bihar
.Previously, it was coming under Gaya. According to the 2011
census, Nawada city has a population of 109,141. Nawada has
a sex ratio of 957 females for every 1000 males and average
literacy rate is 74%, higher than the national average of 63.5%:
male literacy is 81%, and female literacy is 67%. In Nawada,
17% of the population is under 6 years of age. Hindi, Magahi
and Urdu are the main languages spoken in the area.

a.HISTORY
The origin of the name Nawada is believed to lie in a corruption
of the old name Nau-abad or the new town which was earlier
known as The Eliot Market (Bazaar). Before its acquisition by
the East India Company, Nawada was ruled by the nearly
independent Rajas of Hisua, and after its acquisition it was the
center of great disorder till 1845, when it became the
headquarters of the newly created subdivision. The elements of
disorder came to fore again during the Mutiny of 1857, when
Nawada was overrun by marauding parties. The local offices
were destroyed, but Government records were saved by the
native officials who hid them in a cave in a neighboring hill.
These are the only available public records dating back to an
era before 1857, in the district.

b. Eminent Personalities
1) Swami sajanand sarswati
2) Somnath bharti

c.Monuments
1) Jal mandir
2) The Surya Narayana Mandir of Handiya
3) The Narad Museum

d. Schools, Colleges, Libraries


a. Some of the schools in Nawada
1) Jeevan Deep Public School
2) Gyan Bharti Residential Complex
3) St. Joseph's High School
4) Delhi Public School
5) D.A.V Public School
b. Some of Professional Colleges
1) Rajendra Smark Sikshan Sansthan, Merhkuri Nawada
2) Rajendra Memorial womens college
3) Kanhai lal sahu college

e. Libraries
1) Sri Krishna Library

f. Clubs
1) Nawada club
2) Lions club
3) Rotary club

3. GEOGRAPHY
Nawada is located at 24.88N 85.53E.[2] It has an
average elevation of 80 metres (260 ft). The city is
divided into two blocks by the Khoori river, the left
bank being the older, while the right bank is the
modern section with public offices, sub-jail,
dispensary and schools.

Some of the Parks, lakes/water falls


and rivers

a. PARKS
1) Town hall park
2) Hotel park

b. Lakes/water falls
1) Kakolat

c. RIVERS
1) Sakri
2) Khuri
3) Panchane
4) Bhusri
5) Tilaiya

4.Natural and community resourceses


a.FLORA
There are around 150 species of plant which have been recorded around in
Nawada . These are Holarrhena antidysenterica, Flemengia chappar, Zizyphus
xylopyra, Bauhinia vahlii, Smilex protifrera, Butea superba, Butea parviflora
etc.

Bamboo, Peepal, Coconut, Mango, Tobacco and Bel trees are mostly found
here. Most varieties of vegetables are farmed here it includes Pumpkin,
Ladyfinger, Potato, Onion, Cauliflower and Karela. Mainly Papaya, Mango,
Lychee, Lemon, Sugarcane etc fruit plants are seen here.

b. Fauna
Numerous species of fish are farmed here, some of them are:- Rohu, Katla,
Golden etc and this place is also home of some of snakes. Animals likeCow,
Buffalo, Fox, Forest pig etc are being found.

c. Parks
1) Amusement park in Nardiganj(Nawada)
2) Jawahar park in warsaliganj (Nawada)
3) Town hall park in Nawada town

d. Ponds/Lake
1) Kakolat lake
2) Jal mandir lake
d. Community/Forest
People says that there was a time when this area was surrounded by Forest as
the population increased. People started cutting the trees for his survival and for
the agriculture so, there is forest only in the Rajuli area.

e. Rainfall

5. Demography
In Nawada there are many religions like Hindu, Muslims, Christian, Sikh, Buddhist and Jain.

Description Total Percentage

Hindu 1,964,620 88.53 %

Muslims 244,394 11.01 %


Description Total Percentage

Christian 1,299 0.06 %

Sikh 250 0.01 %

Buddhist 176 0.01 %

Jain 279 0.01 %

Others 80 0.00 %

Not Stated 8,048 0.36 %

a. caste
My locality consists of many castes like Rajuta, Brahman, Yadav, Kurmi, Teli,
Baniya, Dusadh, Sau, Bin, Doam.Relations between some castes are good and
between some it is very bad. Sometime situations become very sensitive among
these castes very bad.
b.Literacy rate
Average literacy rate of Nawada district is 59.76 percent.

Male literacy rate in Nawada district of Bihar is 69.98 percent.

Female literacy rate in Nawada district of Bihar is 48.86 percent.

Total literates in Nawada district are 1,091,012 people.

Male literates in Nawada district are 659,474.


Female literates in Nawada district are 431,538. According to the 2011 census, Nawada city
has a population of 109,141. Nawada has a sex ratio of 957 females for every 1000 males.In
Nawada

6.Traditional/community/local knowledge
(traditional medicine, folksong, food, crafts,
festivals, events/ fairs etc)

a. Folk song

Folk song of my place is Kajri, Jhoomar, Nirgun, Lokgeet. Listening these


songs are very interesting. The most important thing about it is - One of the
famous singer of Bihar, Which is known as Swar-Kokila of Bihar belongs to
this place. Folk song of this place is very famous & intresting.

a. food
Various types of Veg food are famous in my locality i.e. Rice, Dal, Chokha, Sabji (Many
types of sabji), Rayta, Bread, Milk, Dahi, Butter milk (Mattha), Ghee, Lassi, Butter, Paratha
Alu Paratha, Sattu Paratha, Piyaz Paratha, Postaa dana ka halwa, Achar (Pickels), Chatni,
Kadhi Badi, Pithha, Khichdi, Chura Dahi, and most important Litti - Chokha. Non-veg
foods are Meet, Fish cury and Chicken etc.

b.festivals
The main festivals of my village are Chatha Puja, Durga Puja, Deepawali, Holi, Tilsankrant
(Makar Sankranti), Kali Puja, Saraswati Puja. All these festivals are celebrated with allot of
happiness in the entire village. Chatha Puja is celebrated with allot of purity and it is the main
and most important festival of my village, People clean the entire way for going to the place
(River) where this festival is celebreated. In this festival devotees worship the Sun God.

7. Local economy

The main crops harvested in the district are paddy, wheat, pulses, and other
vegetables. Industrial facilities in the district include bidi factories
and silk handlooms. Formerly,sugar cane farming and processing also took
place; the district's single sugar mill, located in Warisaliganj, is currently non-
functional. Kadirganj, located 6 km from Nawada, has a silk small scale
industry where workers clean and weave silk.

Rajauli and Sirdala are emerging as significant market hubs for the hinterland
regions bordering Jharkhand state, and have also produced many
professionals including physicians, surgeons, engineers who are working in
many parts of India. The Nuclear Power Corporation of India identified Rajauli
as the possible site for creating an additional 2,000-mW of nuclear power
capacity in the state. [citation needed]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Nawada one of the country's
250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[4] It is one of the 38
districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant
Fund Programme (BRGF).
8. A brief write up on any local micro enterprise4 which has the
potential to emerge as a prominent brand in next few years. If
the brand deserves GI Registration , mention it in your report
justifying the same.
There are no such enterprise in nawada town.
INDUSTRIAL SCENERIO OF NAWADA
1. REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL UNIT NO. 3286
2. TOTAL INDUSTRIAL UNIT NO. 5258
3. REGISTERED MEDIUM & LARGE UNIT NO. Nil
4. ESTIMATED AVG. NO. OF DAILY WORKER
EMPLOYED IN SMALL SCALE INDUSTRIES NO.
2.96
5. EMPLOYMENT IN LARGE AND MEDIUM
INDUSTRIES NO. Nil
6. NO. OF INDUSTRIAL AREA NO. 01
7. TURNOVER OF SMALL SCALE IND. IN LACS NA
9. Names of few organizations/institutions of your
region which fall under the category, termed as,the
Third Sector5.
There are no such organization which falls under
Third Sector