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MY GOVERNMENT

भारत सरकार /GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
पोत परिवहन मंत्रालय/MINISTRY OF SHIPPING
नौवहन महाननदे शालय/DIRECTORATE GENERAL OF SHIPPING
टे लीफोन: 91-22-25752040/41/42/43/45 बिटा बिल्डंग", 9 वी मंलिल/”BETA BUILDING”, 9th FLOOR Tele: 91-22-25752040/41/42/43/45
फैक्ो: 91-22-25752035/29 ं टे क्नो क्पपो/I-THINK TECHO CAMPUS
आय-थ क Fax:91-22-25752035/29
ई-मेल: dgship@dgshipping.com ं
कांिुि ग विोड/KANJUR VILLAGE ROAD E-mail: dgship@dgshipping.com
कांिुि मागग िे ्वे टटे शन के पाो / NEAR KANJUR MARG RAILWAY STATION
वेि: www.dgshipping.gov.in कांिुि मागग (ईटट) / KANJUR MARG (EAST) Web: www.dgshipping.gov.in
मुंिई - 400 042 / MUMBAI – 400 042

DIRECTORATE GENERAL OF SHIPPING
EAC Branch
Authorised by: C.S. File No. ENG/EXAM- EACQMP Chap V
17(37)/2001
Instructions to Examiners Circular No. 125
Issue No. 00 Dated: 19th August 2014
Extra First Class Engineer Certification -reg

1. General:

1. The Directorate General of Shipping (DGS) has always been keen to facilitate higher
academic platforms to the mariners, which will enhance their professional skills to deal
with the contemporary technologies and futuristic practices in the highly dynamic and
challenging maritime field.

2. The “Extra First Class Engineer” Certificate of Competency, under rule.24 of
Merchant Shipping (Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping) Rules
2010, provided as an optional certificate, therefore, extends to a candidate aspiring
for higher professional assignments in the maritime field, an evidence of having
attained a higher level of professional excellence in the field, over and above the
Certificate of Competency as Marine Engineer Officer- Class-I stipulated under
Regulation III/2 of STCW 1978, as amended.

3. To keep pace with the evolving technological, managerial and regulatory requirements
of the industry, the DGS constituted a Committee of experts (Dr.B.K.Saxena
Committee) to formulate a new course curriculum for the Extra First Class Engineer
CoC, after careful study of the best practices in the maritime industry and the pattern
and syllabi of the related courses conducted by the World Maritime University, IIT,
Kharagpur and other renowned institutes.

4. This Circular is being issued to prescribe a guideline for the syllabus, conduct of
course and pattern of examinations leading to the award of Extra First Class Engineer
certificate of competency, under rule.24 of Merchant Shipping (Standards of Training,
Certification and Watch keeping) Rules 2010.

Extra First Class Certification. Page 1

as decided by the institute conducting the course. Maritime Regulations B. Management Techniques & Applications B. 4. The institute is required to Extra First Class Certification. The candidates are required to apply directly to the designated institute in order to enroll for the course and the conduct of course will be in correspondence mode with the provision for contact classes by the institute on demand from the candidates and if the institute so decides. Naval Architecture B. and will spread over two semesters. and the assignments in each subject should help in assessing the knowledge. 6. application and analytical capabilities of the candidates for different modules. 1. Page 2 . The assessment of the subject will be based on combination mode of assignment and examination. Vibration Engineering B. Environment Protection & Energy Management in the Maritime industry. 2. Human Element 2. Advanced Electrical. Marine Materials & Corrosion of Marine Structures A. Institute conducting the course should ensure that the assignments are so designed that the analytic ability of the candidate is explored and evaluated. The Examination and Assessment for the Extra First Class CoC will cover 12 subjects divided equally in Part A and Part B. Course Curriculum: 1. However. The detailed syllabi is attached as Appendix-I to this circular. Semester-I (January-June) covering Part A and Semester-II (July-December) covering Part B. Law of the Sea & Maritime Law A. Electronic and Control Engineering Knowledge A. 2. Risk Management & Marine Insurance A. at no time the weightage for examination shall be less than 60%. comprehension. Part B B. 3. Advanced Marine Engineering Knowledge B. 4. 6. Candidate can select any five subjects out of the six from each Part and therefore shall satisfactorily complete the course and assessment of a total of ten subjects to consider for the award of the Extra First Class CoC. 3. 3. 2. The subjects are as given below: Part A A. 5. 4. Economics & Finance A. Shipping. 3. Conduct of Course 1.1. The conduct and coordination of course will be undertaken by an institute designated for the purpose by the Directorate General of Shipping. The weightage for the two may be different for different subject. 2. 2. Assessment: 1. 5.

6. Economics & Finance A4. However. conducting the examinations by 5th June and 5th December. However. The assignments will have to be evaluated by the institute conducting the course. the candidates applying for the examination have to satisfactorily complete the course for the respective subjects. Candidates who fail to pass a subject would need to reappear for the written examination. The Examination for all subjects is expected to be conducted by the Directorate General of Shipping. 5. if any. Candidates who have partly completed the Extra-First Class examination on the basis of existing syllabus have the option to migrate to the new syllabus. 7. respectively. the candidate has to undergo the complete course and examination all over again. failing which he has to take examination of subjects of Part A and Part B under the new syllabus for which he was not examined under the old syllabus of Part A and Part B. Pass marks for each subject would be 50%. 2. respectively. The duly filled-up applications from the candidates for the Examination shall reach the respective Mercantile Marine Department by 15th June and 15th December for the examination in June and December. Law of the Sea & Maritime Law A3. The designated institute conducting the course shall issue a certificate of completion of course to the candidate. respectively. They however. with due credits for the subjects he has successfully completed under the existing syllabus. 4. 5. as per the schedule prescribed by the institute. Sweden or PGDMOM from IIT. failing which. prepare the guidelines for the written assignment and it should be a dynamic document to be updated from time to time with the consent of the Chief Examiner of Engineers. in June and December every year. 8. Electronic and Control Engineering Knowledge Extra First Class Certification. twice in a year ie. 3. The records of the evaluated assignments are to be kept in electronic format for future verification.Sc degree in Maritime Affairs covering all aspects of “Administration of Maritime Safety and Environmental Protection from the World Maritime University. mentioning the subjects he has satisfactorily completed along with the marks scored for the assignment part. would be exempted to submit assignments again if they have secured 50% or more marks in such assignments. Kharagpur shall be exempted from the following subjects and can therefore take credit for the same:- Part A A1. including the assignments. in-case of candidates who are only left with dissertation under the existing extra first class syllabus will be required to complete the same by 31st December 2016. Marine Materials & Corrosion of Marine Structures A5. The course and examination need to be successfully completed within a maximum of five years from the date of first enrollment for the course. but in any case before 31st May and 30th November. Shipping. if any. Advanced Electrical. Malmo. and also forward the details to that effect to the Mercantile Marine Departments. The candidates who have successfully completed M. Exemptions: 1. Page 3 .

B4 and B5). 3. Guard file. 4. Maritime Regulations B2. Hindi Cell.Detailed Syllabus. Dy. Management Techniques & Applications B3. for uploading on website.A2. Extra First Class Certification. A5. 2. B5 and B6). Sd/- (Ajithkumar Sukumaran) Dy. at the time of their enrollment. DGS. Candidates falling under the category mentioned at sub-para 5. 2. Principal Officer. Director General (Tech) Enclosure: Appendix-I. Goa/Jamnagar/Port Blair/ Visakhapatanam /Tuticorin /Delhi /Haldia/ Paradip /Mangalore.2 above. Surveyor-in-Charge.2 above are required to clear four subjects. The fees for the Examination & Certification shall be paid to the Mercantile Marine Department.DG for information. Computer Cell. Mercantile Marine Department. GoI. A6. 4. Malmo.5. Vibration Engineering 3. Sweden in Maritime Affairs in streams other than those mentioned at sub-para. All Recognised Organizations. The fees for Course shall be paid by the candidates directly to the institute conducting the course. Mumbai/Kolkata/ Chennai/ Kandla/Cochin. Chief Surveyor-cum- Sr. conducting such examinations as provided under Merchant Shipping (Standards of Training. A6 and B3. two each from Part A and Part B out of six subjects (ie. Candidates who have successfully completed Post Graduate course from World Maritime University. Mercantile Marine Department. 6. Naval Architecture B4. Page 4 . This circular is issued with the approval of the competent authority and comes into effect from the date of issuance. Mumbai. for Hindi translation. Indian National Shipowner’s Association (INSA). 1. would therefore have to clear two subjects. 7. Part B B1. PS to DG/CS/NA/CSS/Jt. DGS. Sr. DGS. 8. A4. one each from Part A and Part B. Fees: 1. 6. out of the remaining four subjects (ie. 5. To. Certification and Watch keeping) Rules 2010.

indemnity.Related Convention and apportionment of blame. as amended. Principles of insurance and their applications to marine insurance – insurable interest. Bailment and its features. 1965 (FAL Convention of IMO). Page 5 . breach of warranty of authority and termination of agency. INCOTERMS 2010. Law of the Sea & Maritime Law Law of Contract .Indemnity and Guarantee.Limitation of Liability of Carrier -. Law of Agency .general principles.1992 and Fund Protocol.Methods of enforcement of marine liens and arrest of vessels. 1856. Tort - negligence in shipping and defences against tortious liabilities. A2 Risk Management & Marine Insurance Risk management : concept. Law of Carriage: the Indian Carriage of Goods by Sea Act. Freight &types of freights. utmost good faith.EXTRA FIRST CLASS Sr. The Customs Act. arbitration: The Arbitration and Conciliation Act. Relationship between risk assessment and maritime casualty investigation. legal relationship between the parties involved. Bareboat Charter.No. Origin and history of insurance. Fundamental of ship chartering – Voyage Charter. Bill of Lading and the Indian Bills of Lading Act. . subjects of maritime liens. Rotterdam Rules: MMTG Act 1993. 1992 as amended. 1989. Subject PART A A1. Extra First Class Certification. process and practice. essential features of a contract. Fundamental precepts of safety and risk. 1976.Civil Liability Protocol. breaches and their remedies. 1925. 1962. Marine Frauds -. Maritime and possessory liens -. Hague-Visby Rules and Hamburg Rules. Convention on Facilitation of International Maritime Traffic. Maritime Arbitration -. contribution and proximate cause. Time Charter.International Convention on the arrest of ships. International Convention on Salvage. as amended. safety and Formal Safety Assessment (FSA). types of contracts. Collision law -. 1996 (Indian).methods of dispute resolution. UN Convention of the Law of the Sea & Maritime Zones of India Act. OPA 1990. Lloyds Open Form. Salvage and Towage and Related contracts.Preventive measures and role of International Maritime Bureau. order of priorities. Appendix-I DETAILED SYLLABI.claims accepted as maritime lien. Arrest of Ships.Related conventions and method of Calculations. types of agencies. Special Contracts . subrogation. Emergency preparedness measures and contingency planning as part of the overall risk management process.general principles. Admiralty Jurisdiction -. International Conventions related to Pollution Claims -. including risk assessment. arrest and jurisdiction.

basic concerns and special features of transport and maritime transport. Ship Production Process. (b) Acquisition of ships (c) Other related matters. general average adjustment. standard.process. inspection and valuation. clauses of charter party that are related to technical operations. Partial Loss or Particular Average. salvage and sue &labour expenses Marine insurance markets in India and abroad -GIC and its subsidiaries. Insurance implication of Piracy. Budget and cost control in shipping.g. concept of mutual insurance and Protection & Indemnity clubs.Kidnap &Ransom (KR) Insurance. Cost structure in shipping. memorandum of agreement.Types of losses. 1999 (including all amendments and revisions) regarding remittances for . role of brokers. Economics of scrapping and laying up of ships. York Antwerp Rules 1994. Total Loss – Actual Total Loss (ATL) & Constructive Total Loss (CTL). Relevant sections of legislation e. direct & indirect operating expenses. General Average . NPV and IRR methods. basis of underwriting/rating. Sale and purchase of ships . Basic knowledge in shipping and port management. Lloyd's of London.risks covered and practice. payments for purchase and/or construction of ships from abroad. General Average. Importance of IOE per day.(a) Collection of freight. international pool of P & I clubs.principles and practice. Economics & Finance Fundamentals of economics. A3 Shipping. performance evaluation. Liability and insurance of liabilities. Extra First Class Certification.relevance of statutory and classification certificates. Hull and machinery insurance . Legal aspects of insurer's recovery claims against shipowner. investment in shipping. non-standard and ex- gratia claims.impact of exchange rates on shipping. documentation and procedure. Shipping Economics. Foreign Exchange Management Act. Insurance claims. standard contracts for new building and demolition. liabilities related international conventions. sources of finance. Uncertainties in economic variables and their effect on economic evaluation. Ports and Harbour-infrastructure and their role in marine transportation. surveys.. effect of supply and demand on shipping markets. necessary documentation. voyage and time charters. Relevant Clauses of time policy. Protection and Indemnity Clubs -. Financing of ship acquisition. Page 6 . inter-modal transportation. Commercial operations – liner trade and chartering. Role of banks in shipping and banking procedures regarding documentary credit/UCP 600. information Technology Applications. To apply economic principles to maritime transport. standard forms including SALEFORM.Investment appraisal in shipping. payback. Foreign exchange .

Stress-strain characteristics.comparison of cathodic and anodic protection- protective coating . Steel: Shipbuilding quality steels-mild steels. Welding flaws reason for same. Material Failure tests and evaluations: Metal behavior under different environments. heat exchangers. Corrosion Control and Prevention: Materials selection-alteration of environments . pumps. Experimental methods of testing rate of atmospheric oxidation and thermal oxidation by Marker test. Weld induced distortions. mandatory rules with/without earthing.crevice corrosion--corrosion atmospheric corrosion-pitting-inter granular corrosion-selective leaching -erosion corrosion-stress corrosion-hydrogen damage . HY steels. classification of insulation. transformer and busbar. Protective relaying: Primary and back up protection.corrosion due to biofouling. motors. system.corrosion rate measurements. International Protection ratings.A4 Marine Materials & Corrosion of Marine Structures Classification society requirements and other national and international material standards- selection of materials for marine construction.design for cathodic and anodic protection -. High Voltage system: Requirements of classification societies. Composite material in marine applications.fatigue corrosion . Identification of surface. interference with control system. subsurface and deep seated discontinuities in metals by suitable NDT techniques.electrochemical aspects-environmental effects-metallurgical effects. HSLA steels.mechanism of corrosion-galvanic or two metal corrosion . fittings in hazardous areas. hulls. wire ropes. A5 Advanced Electrical. Requirements for welded construction of ships. Thermogravimetric test.metallic coating and other inorganic coat inorganic coating.microbial corrosion-corrosion rate expressions . cooling processes and their effects on mechanical properties. Iron-carbon diagram. Concept of welder’s qualification. salt spray test etc. safe practice while watch keeping Extra First Class Certification.coating system selection-paint system-protection by means of paints-antifouling paints-corrosion protection system of hull structure-corrosion control by GRP. static and digital relays. protection of alternators. Introduction to fracture mechanics to evaluate the tolerance limit of surface flaws for useful usage Corrosion Principles: Factor influencing corrosion-types of corrosion. distortion mitigation techniques. Page 7 . principle of working and characteristics of Induction type relays. Electronic and Control Engineering Knowledge Cable & Insulation: Cables and layout.biofouling control- corrosion inhibitors-anodic inhibitor-marine coating -corrosion resistant materials for propellers.

3-phase inverter 180º and 120º conduction. Page 8 .the science. Floating Point Numbers. Field Bus. 2-quadrant & 4- quadrant chopper. PAC. Humidity. Synchroconverter. rating of switch gear. natural & forced commutation. IGBT. modern control systems. Flow. Viscosity etc. national and local responses that are being employed to address them. Soft start technique. various circuit breakers. process control loop. Trends and trajectories of these pressures and impacts and the international. Thyristor (SCR). and other significant global drivers including population migration to coasts. switching and isolation procedure. Energy Extra First Class Certification. Servo converter. Assemblers and assembly language programming. To consider integrated management principles and approaches such as ecosystem-based management and integrated coastal and ocean management. mechanisms and technologies for pollution monitoring and control. dredging and spills from ships. Microcontroller: Number formats and operations. and their impact on habitats and biodiversity. resilient and sustainable marine ecosystems. commutation circuits and class. PID control. Instrumentation and Control: Review of control systems. Marine pollution problems related to shipping and port development such as ballast water. single-phase dual converters. inter-alia: Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan (SEEMP). UNFCC & Kyoto Protocol and its impact in shipping. A6 Environment Protection & Energy Management in the Maritime Industry Pollution:. Fixed point 8 bit numbers representations of signed integers and fraction. Level. Review of Power Devices: Power MOSFET. Introduction to motion control systems. Speed Control: AC-DC converters: 3-phase half wave converters. sinusoidal pulse width modulation. particularly from maritime sector. Smart sensors. DC-AC converters:1-phase half bridge and full bridge. High Temperature Super-conducting motors. lay out of system. The International Convention for the prevention of pollution from ships (MARPOL) Annex VI. ADC and DAC interface. Pressure. Review of sensors. Propulsion Systems: Comparisons between Electric.and maintenance. comparison of power devices. SCADA. IGCT. DC Propulsion motors: Constant Voltage Propulsion system. economic development and human well-being. PLC. AC- AC converters: Application of cycloconverter in electric propulsion onboard. and the institutions within the United Nations system. step-up chopper. DC-DC converters : Step-down chopper. Harmonics. increasing urbanization and industrialization. Concerns and challenges of developing countries. Induction propulsion motors. Temperature. Steam and Diesel driven propulsion systems. GTO. gate trigger circuits. Generation of PWM signals. introduction to wireless sensor networks. in place for the achievement of healthy. land based pollution and climate change.

benefits and usefulness of information. IMO Codes. Indian Port Act 1908. Merchant Shipping Act. IACS & Common Structural Rules. Innovations including usage of sustainable marine renewable energy resources to tap into the power of the wind. Energy efficiency calculations for a complete power generation plant. Page 9 . IMO Guidelines. role of Classification Societies and their structure. including UN agencies and inter-governmental and non-governmental organisations and their interrelationship. Fuel management and energy efficiency technologies and operational practices. Flag State implementation and Port State Control. Compliance timeframes and issues. Statutory survey & Certification. and Indian Port Trust Act 1948. To provide an overview of the various international institutions involved in shipping and maritime affairs. Reduction of Carbon dioxide –Regulation vs Responsibility (CSR aspects of emission). Role of Recognized Organizations. ITF. Ballast Water Convention 2004.(MMDs. Strategic Management. Flag of convenience/open registry countries. Extra First Class Certification. IMO RO Code. Structure & functions of various maritime bodies. Antifouling Convention 2001. solar and tidal energy. Recycling of Ships: Hong Kong Convention. Second International ship Registers. different MOUs. Maritime boards etc) and their jurisdiction.Efficiency Operational Indicator (EEOI). PART B B1 Maritime Regulations IMO Conventions. Registration of ships.in policy formulation & administration of maritime affairs. Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI). their effect on shipping. Materials and Maintenance Management. relevant sections from IV Act 1917. Design and construction of more efficient vessels. Latest Conventions and impacts: Bunker Convention. Role of Govt. Merchant Shipping Rules. Measurement and Management strategies towards sustainable development. HNS Convention etc. Market based measures (MBMs) for GHG reduction. Knowledge of National Legislation. B2 Management Techniques & Applications Principles of Management. Nairobi Convention. IMO Member State Audit Scheme. Marine Accidents: Reporting/Investigation. Quality Control and TOM. Maintenance. Knowledge of International Legislation & Regulations.

and decision trees. Powering & propulsion: Resistance of ships to forward motion-components of resistance. Feasibility studies and Project Report. Ship hull form and its definitions. Ship trials and trial data analysis. Wake. Applications to logistics. Stages of a Project: Project Management processes such as Initiation. Failure Mode and Effects Analysis. Powering performance calculations. project management. static longitudinal strength calculations. and Closure. hydrostatics calculations. Hull propeller interaction. structural failure. Resistance due to roughness and fouling. Hump and hollow speeds. Laminar and turbulent boundary layer. Stability at large angles. Viscous and wave resistance. Execution. Techniques for project planning and scheduling. Structural strength: Static force on ship in still waters. Air resistance. and Ishikawa Diagram. integer programming. Propeller theories momentum. relative-rotative efficiency and quasi-propulsive coefficient. and finance. Effects of lifting and movement of large masses on stability. CPM. Screw propeller geometry and definitions. Optimization Methods in management science. marketing. continuity and connectivity of structural members. blade element and lifting line. shear stress in ship’s structure. Propeller design using standard series data. Floodable length. Sectional areas and moments. Optimization: Schematic View of Optimization process. network optimization. transportation. calculation of deflection. time-cost trade off concepts. Structural arrangements of various ship types-longitudinal and transverse framing systems. long term probability distribution. Dynamical stability. resistance of ship’s structure’s to buckling. PERT. Propeller characteristics and open water efficiency. Stability: Stability at small angles. characteristics of shearing force and bending moment curves. thrust deduction fraction. Optimization methodologies including linear programming. Stability in damaged conditions-lost buoyancy and added weight methods. network. manufacturing. dynamic longitudinal strength. Model experiment. Failure analysis tools:Fault Tree Analysis. Floatation and trim. response of the structure. Froude number and Reynold number.Project management: Definition of Project and Project Management. Computer applications for better Project Management. ITTC friction formulation and extrapolation procedure. Planning. Project Integration Management. strength of transverse structure. Page 10 . and applications of optimization. B3 Naval Architecture Development of ship types: Internal arrangement based on cargo type. resource allocation and Project monitoring and control. Cross-curves of stability. Free surface effects. Curves of statical stability. Extra First Class Certification. Effect of asymmetrical flooding on trim and heel. models. Root Cause Analysis.

Critical Review of Basic Dynamics. irregular and realistic sea- waves. torsionally equivalent shafts. matrix method. cooling systems. Barred range. orthogonality. Rayleigh. statistical description and wave-energy spectrum. Hull girder vibration. Kinematics of Rigid Bodies. Galerkin method. incinerators. purification systems. ship in regular waves. B5 Advanced Marine Engineering Knowledge Latest developments of Marine Diesel engines. Dunker ley’s approximation method. single/two/three/multi rotor systems. B4 Vibration Engineering Introduction to Mechanical vibration. compressed air systems. pitch and roll. Tuned Absorbers. Rudiments of Rotor Dynamics. zig-zag and other maneuvering trials. Energy celerity dispersion and other characteristics of water waves. hydraulics. transfer matrix method. Vibration of Multi. model experiments to stability maneuvering characteristics. Experimental methods in vibration analysis: Vibration instruments. auxiliaries like boilers.Stodola method. Vibration control and Mount design.DOF Marine Structures. Single degree of freedom systems. Rudder and its hydrodynamic characteristics. Vibration isolation of Marine Engines. expansion theorem and modal analysis. Calculation of natural frequencies of hull girder and hull resonance diagram. Vibration of Single DOF damped systems. Encounter frequency. Directional stability criteria. refrigeration & air conditioning systems. steering ability and controllability. Definitions of directional stability. Slamming. steering gear systems. coolers. Myklested – Prohl method for far coupled systems. Rudiments of Rotor Dynamics. Free and Forced Response. purifiers.DOF Marine Structures. vibration exciters. close couples and far coupled systems. analyzers. automation & control systems etc. Vibration of Single DOF damped systems. Holzer method. Rayleigh method. sewage treatment plants. Sea-states and theoretical energy-spectra motion of ships in irregular waves. mass coupled. transducers and measurement devices. two degree of freedom systems: Spring coupled. Response amplitude operator. oily water separators. vibration absorbers. and vibration isolation. Vibration isolation of Marine Engines. deck-wetness. Turning-circle. effect of inertia of shafts.Ritz method. propeller shafting systems. Flexural and torsional vibration. Kinematics of Rigid Bodies. vibration tests: free and forced vibration tests. Vibration of Multi. evaporators. Extra First Class Certification. sea-sickness and other derived responses Ship maneuverability. Review of Basic Dynamics. pumps & pumping system. heat exchangers & their controls. matrix iteration. Page 11 .Seakeeping: Sea-waves-theory of regular waves. orthogonality principle. Multi degree of freedom systems: Lagrange’s equation. Hydrodynamic derivatives for motions in horizontal plane. Propeller induced vibration. Tuned Absorbers. Free and Forced Response. Ship motions- uncoupled heave.

Appreciation of Gas turbine and combined cycle. occupational behavioural related safety practices. Familiarisation with the work that has been undertaken by IMO and ILO with respect to human element issues and measures and recommendations introduced to minimize or mitigate the effects of human error aboard ships. Insight into steam based power plants and cogeneration plants. manning and certification of seafarers.Fuel Cell Technology- possibility in shipping. Extra First Class Certification. Application of emerging technology for powering merchant ships. Values. lLO. Motivation. shipboard and shore- based safety management. Human Factor and ISM Code: implementation of the lSM Code. Development of shipboard and shore-based safety management. and in particular the rights and expectations of seafarers in relation to occupational safety. Understanding the structure of the STCW 95 Convention and the STCW Code and the MLC. Comparative analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of latest technology -Electronic Engines vs Traditional Engines. Beliefs. Engine De-rating. Appreciation of combustion processes. Learning. Attitudes. Leadership. B6 Human Element Broad overview of the relevant lMO. Advancements in Shipboard Instrumentation & Control. cross/ multi-cultural issues. in the maritime industry such as maritime labour and welfare. Advancements related to improvement in design and materials of marine equipment. MLC and other regimes relating to the Human Element. Page 12 . Communication. retrofitting for today’s slow steaming. Alternative fuel /energy sources. the approach by a classification society. women in shipping. Introduction to duel fuel system and boil off system of LNG carriers. Technology to improve SFOC. Suitability of LNG as marine fuel for upcoming MARPOL regulations and economy. the approach by a shipping company. Organizational behaviour: Perception.Latest developments in Marine Gas Engines (Operated by LNG). Flag and Port State applications of the ISM Code Knowledge and understanding of mandates assigned to maritime administrations with particular reference to crew supply.