1 CONTENTS: COMPUTE R BASICS Basic Digital Literacy Manual Computer Basics DEFINITION Informatics is a discipline that studies the automatic processing of information using electronic devices and computer systems. Allows you to store, manipulate and process large amounts of information in ever smaller devices. The Computer is composed of two parts Hardware and Software, both are essential to the functioning of the system. Hardware are the physical components that comprise the computer system, ie the t angible and palpable as to be the monitor, keyboard, mouse, webcam, etc. SOFTWARE is the set of instructions that run the hardware to perform different t asks. In other words, are any programs or software components of the system. An example is Windows software. -2 - Stoned Computer Centre Basic Digital Literacy Manual The HARDWARE turn are classified into different types: 1. Input peripherals: Dev ices that allow the user to enter information from the outside. Among them we fi nd: keyboard, mouse, scanner, microphone, webcam, etc. CPU 2. PERIPHERAL OUTPUT: Is the user showing the results of the operations performe d by the PC. In this group we find: monitor, printers, speakers, etc. CPU 3. MIXED PERIPHERAL: These are the devices that can simultaneously provide infor mation outside the PC and user. Example: network cards, modems, storage devices (diskettes, CD. Or memories). CPU There are also various categories of software: 1. System programs are those that allow operation and communication between different parts of the computer. With in this type of software identifies the instructions for each device or device d river (drivers) and the Operating System. 2. Applications: the programs are put into operation the capabilities of the computer to perform the tasks the user wa nts to perform (write a text, listening to music, surf the Internet, etc.). -3 - Stoned Computer Centre Basic Digital Literacy Manual OPERATING SYSTEM (OS) An operating system is a program or set of computer programs designed to ensure effective management of its resources. Starts working when you turn the computer , and manages the hardware of the machine from the most basic levels, allowing t he interaction with the user. A SO can usually be found in most electronic devic es that use microprocessors to operate, because thanks to them we can understand the machine and carry out the various applications. In other words, an OS is an intermediary between the physical elements of the computer and us users. There are free operating systems (no need to pay the license and is developed under op en source) such as Linux and OS owners (inverse of above) such as WINDOWS.

In this course we will work with Windows, the OS is more popular and used worldw ide. WINDOWS It is a family of operating systems developed and marketed by Microsoft. There a re versions for homes, businesses, servers and mobile devices like handheld comp uters and smartphones. It incorporates various applications such as Internet Exp lorer, Windows Media Player, Windows Messenger, among others. Due to its charact eristics, for many years, is the most widespread and operating system used world wide. In the Windows environment to start our PC (personal computer) starts, onc e loaded, the first thing that appears is the Windows Desktop. The Desk has four elements: -4 - Stoned Computer Centre Basic Digital Literacy Manual Windows Desktop If an icon does not appear on the desktop, do not despair and think that the pro gram is not installed. Before that, I'll get the option Start Button and look if the program, and if so I can create a shortcut (click the right mouse button Se nd Written river) FUND I C O N O S TASKBAR HOME BUTTON Let's look in more detail these elements: • The Bottom Line: is the image that i s as wallpaper. • Start Button: Button by which conventionally enter any program or application. • Icon: Small Pictures, located on the Fund to operate as "dire ct access" to programs. • Task Bar: It shows which applications are in use. -5 - Stoned Computer Centre Basic Digital Literacy Manual APPLICATIONS FOR WINDOWS MOST POPULAR Following are the tools most used and know n default including Microsoft Windows operating system. It contains many more ap plications, but much less known, most include a more or less generic name in Eng lish. Microsoft Internet Explorer Windows Internet Explorer is a web browser produced by Microsoft for its Windows platform. He is currently the most widely used Inte rnet browser, known in the world, greatly surpassing existing powers, although s ome of these have increased in popularity in recent years. Windows Media Player Windows Media Player, Windows Media Player is a multimedia player created by the Microsoft Corporation. Allows playback of various formats such as Audio CD, DVD-Video, MP3, MPG, among others. It also gives the possibili ty to move songs from a CD to computer hard disk and vice versa, from the comput er to a music CD or data. Paint Microsoft Paint was developed in 1982 by the newly created Microsoft. He h as accompanied the operating system Microsoft Windows since version 1.0, with a core program, is included in new versions of this system. Since the beginning of Paint, children were the first to use it, that is why today, this system is use d even for basic education in schools. -6 - Stoned Computer Centre

Basic Digital Literacy Manual Windows Explorer or Windows Explorer is the graphical interface and the official file manager Microsoft Windows operating system. Provides a graphical interface to access the files, which comes in handy for communication between the user an d the computer. On the desktop, this is the operating system component that is d isplayed on the monitor and allows the user manipulation of the functions perfor med at the core of the system. Note the following screen and see the elements or components of the Explorer: WINDOWS EXPLORER TITLE STANDARD BAR BAR BAR BAR MENU DIRECTIONS windows whenever we run an applic ation that runs inside a window. That is why people say that the window are the basic units of work. DIRECTORY TREE The screen is divided into two distinct parts: On the left is a tree-shaped stru cture, with all items on our computer. From the desktop, we can see about it, My Computer, Recycle Bin, Network Neighborhood, etc.. The right side shows the con tents of the selected item on the left side. -7 - Stoned Computer Centre Basic Digital Literacy Manual Under My Computer, lists all available drives. Each disk drive is represented by a letter followed by a colon: A: external floppy drive. C: Hard disk. Usually i t is the boot disk and contains the operating system and installed applications. D: Usually assigned to the CD ROM, if there are no more hard disks. If there ar e more hard drives, D: would be the second hard disk and CD ROM would be relegat ed to the last available drive letter. In the tree structure shows only the driv es and subfolders, but existing files into folders. On the right are shown the c ontents of a disk or folder, including subfolders and files. The documents are s aved in a file and in turn, each file stored within a folder, which can be arran ged thematically, as if it were a classic office file. SEARCH A FILE OR FOLDER We went into the Windows Explorer by clicking on the button to supplement the in formation we asked the Assistant Finally press Search. -8 - Stoned Computer Centre Basic Digital Literacy Manual Following exercise the procedures referred to above: 1. Create a shortcut in the "Windows Desktop" from some of the applications developed. 2. Open the folder " Windows Explorer" "My Computer." Local Disk Drive "C" "My Documents" Create a fo lder with my name and inside this folder create two subfolders, one with the nam e of Office and other with the Image. 3. Search, in the folder "My Documents" fi le "Priority 1" -9 - Stoned Computer Centre Basic Digital Literacy Manual BIBLIOGRAPHY AND SOURCES CONSULTED • Ministry of Education, Science and Technolo gy. Educating Library, CD # 1 "Digital Literacy. Computer Basics "• Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (2007).€Strengthening Teaching Program School Comprehensive Educational Equity: Priority No. 3 Pedagogical Use of Information Technologies and Communication. "Digital Literacy." 1st. Edition. Buenos Aires. • Pedregal and Others (2002) "Information Technologies and Communication." 1st.

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