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Know your grade - Quality

Bill Adduono
Operations Supervisor, Calgary Service Centre
Overview
▪ Importance of a Representative Sample
▪ How the CGC supports Producers Interest?
▪ Harvest Sample Program
▪ Submitted Sample Program
▪ Subject to Inspector’s Grade and Dockage
▪ Grading Factors
▪ Fusarium - AB
▪ Dockage assessment
▪ Wheat Class Modernization
▪ Questions
Representative Sample
▪ Why is a representative sample important?

▪ To ensure samples adequately reflect the entire lot of grain,
proper sampling procedures must be used
▪ The key to having dependable and representative sample is
sampling often and thoroughly mixing and dividing down the
selected sample
Dividing and reducing a Sample
▪ Using four pails

1 2 3

4 5 6 7
CGC approved sample dividing equipment
▪ Boerner- type divider
How Do We Support Producer Interest?

▪ Harvest Sample Program
▪ Submitted Sample Service
▪ Subject to Inspectors Grade and Dockage
▪ Licensing
Harvest sample program
Harvest Sample Program
• Information reaches marketers, buyers and
processors around the world
• It informs millers, bakers, brewers and food
manufacturers the end use functionality of this
year's crop
• Supports research
The Harvest Sample Program

• Annual
• Voluntary
• Informative
• Free
• c
Quality data at grainscanada.gc.ca
Harvest Sample Statistics
4491 CWRS samples

57.2% in top 2 grades (74.1% - 2015)
Harvest Sample Statistics

279 CPSR samples
Canola

• 1526 samples
• No. 1 Canada – 96%
Submitted sample service
Subject to inspector’s grade and
dockage
▪ For deliveries to licensed primary elevators
▪ Appeals can be made in relation to grade, dockage, moisture and
protein
▪ 1000 grams
What grade and dockage are you
expecting?
▪ Encourage producers to speak with the elevator prior to delivery
▪ This is an opportunity to identify what grade and dockage you are
expecting
▪ If you hired someone to deliver $15000 of cash to a bank, would
you give them any specific instructions?
Subject to Inspector’s Grade and Dockage
• Sample taken must be agreed upon by producer and
elevator manager
• Grade
• Dockage
• Moisture
• Protein
Visual Grading Factors
• The degree and frequency of frost/heatstress or mildew or
immaturity or combinations of these factors
• Are assessed by comparing the sample being graded against
the standards and guides
2014 & 2015 Crop Year CWRS Mildew

Mildew in the brush
Impact of Refining Visual Guides for Mildew
in CWRS
• Scientific testing has shown that moderate levels of mildew has no
impact on the flour quality or end products

• The refinement of visual grading guides for mildew only impact the
aesthetic appearance of the wheat but has no impact on soundness or
end use functionality
Distinctly Green
▪ What shade of green is distinctly green?
▪ The CGC issued a Canola/Rapeseed Colour Guide
▪ This tool is used in the determination of distinctly green seeds.
Heated
▪ The CGC issued a Canola/Rapeseed Heated Colour Guide
▪ This tool is used in the determination of heated seeds.
Objective Grading Factors
• Determine the grading factor
Objective Grading Factors
• Objective grading factors are factors to which a
percentage may be applied

• Tolerances are set out in the grade determination
table of the Official Grain Grading Guide
Fusarium and DON (Vomitoxin)

• Canada recognizes the importance of
“safety first” in all commodities.
• Normally FDK infection occurs at
flowering however this year it also
occurred later
• Weather influences at flowering
• Species of Fusarium - F. graminearum
• Visual assessment difficult to predict
deoxynivalenol (DON) levels
• Companies are testing for DON to
manage their purchases to ensure
meeting customer needs for safety ie:
MRL’s
Incidence of Fusarium Damage 2015
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oHUWChtDmVQ
Incidence of Fusarium Damage 2016
Determination of dockage
▪ Procedure found in Official Grain Grading Guide
▪ Assessed and recorded to nearest 0.1%
▪ Assessed on the gross weight of the sample
▪ Assessed in 2 stages
▪ Normal cleaning procedures
▪ Cleaning for grade improvement
Dockage
Sample must be free of dockage material before grade assigned
Dockage:
▪ Material that must be removed from grain by the use of
approved cleaning equipment so that the grain can be
assigned a grade.
Foreign material:
▪ Material other than grain of the same class that remains in the
sample after the removal of the dockage.
www.grainscanada.gc.ca
Primary focus
▪ Buyers
▪ Canadians
▪ Industry
▪ Licensees
▪ Producers
▪ Scientists

Website features
▪ Both official languages
▪ Real Simple Syndication
(RSS update feed)
▪ Over 11,600 pages (Feb
2013)
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Objective of the Modernization Proposal

Core principle:
▪Canada’s wheat classes are a critical part of the total grain quality
assurance system
▪Rationale:
▪ provide a more consistent and balanced functionality
▪ increasing demands for more consistency by stakeholders and
customers both domestically and internationally
Extensograph Rmax (BU) for CWRS Varieties
2014 Harvest
Maximum

Consistency
Extensograph Rmax (BU)

Minimum
Background for modernization proposal
• Customer concerns related to gluten strength have
increased in last few years
• Gluten strength is a function of wheat’s glutenin and
gliadin proteins and is key to bakery processing,
crumb structure and gas retention in a loaf
• Quality of protein just as critical as Quantity
Questions
▪ Just easy ones!!