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Know your grade - Quality

Bill Adduono
Operations Supervisor, Calgary Service Centre
▪ Importance of a Representative Sample
▪ How the CGC supports Producers Interest?
▪ Harvest Sample Program
▪ Submitted Sample Program
▪ Subject to Inspector’s Grade and Dockage
▪ Grading Factors
▪ Fusarium - AB
▪ Dockage assessment
▪ Wheat Class Modernization
▪ Questions
Representative Sample
▪ Why is a representative sample important?

▪ To ensure samples adequately reflect the entire lot of grain,
proper sampling procedures must be used
▪ The key to having dependable and representative sample is
sampling often and thoroughly mixing and dividing down the
selected sample
Dividing and reducing a Sample
▪ Using four pails

1 2 3

4 5 6 7
CGC approved sample dividing equipment
▪ Boerner- type divider
How Do We Support Producer Interest?

▪ Harvest Sample Program
▪ Submitted Sample Service
▪ Subject to Inspectors Grade and Dockage
▪ Licensing
Harvest sample program
Harvest Sample Program
• Information reaches marketers, buyers and
processors around the world
• It informs millers, bakers, brewers and food
manufacturers the end use functionality of this
year's crop
• Supports research
The Harvest Sample Program

• Annual
• Voluntary
• Informative
• Free
• c
Quality data at
Harvest Sample Statistics
4491 CWRS samples

57.2% in top 2 grades (74.1% - 2015)
Harvest Sample Statistics

279 CPSR samples

• 1526 samples
• No. 1 Canada – 96%
Submitted sample service
Subject to inspector’s grade and
▪ For deliveries to licensed primary elevators
▪ Appeals can be made in relation to grade, dockage, moisture and
▪ 1000 grams
What grade and dockage are you
▪ Encourage producers to speak with the elevator prior to delivery
▪ This is an opportunity to identify what grade and dockage you are
▪ If you hired someone to deliver $15000 of cash to a bank, would
you give them any specific instructions?
Subject to Inspector’s Grade and Dockage
• Sample taken must be agreed upon by producer and
elevator manager
• Grade
• Dockage
• Moisture
• Protein
Visual Grading Factors
• The degree and frequency of frost/heatstress or mildew or
immaturity or combinations of these factors
• Are assessed by comparing the sample being graded against
the standards and guides
2014 & 2015 Crop Year CWRS Mildew

Mildew in the brush
Impact of Refining Visual Guides for Mildew
• Scientific testing has shown that moderate levels of mildew has no
impact on the flour quality or end products

• The refinement of visual grading guides for mildew only impact the
aesthetic appearance of the wheat but has no impact on soundness or
end use functionality
Distinctly Green
▪ What shade of green is distinctly green?
▪ The CGC issued a Canola/Rapeseed Colour Guide
▪ This tool is used in the determination of distinctly green seeds.
▪ The CGC issued a Canola/Rapeseed Heated Colour Guide
▪ This tool is used in the determination of heated seeds.
Objective Grading Factors
• Determine the grading factor
Objective Grading Factors
• Objective grading factors are factors to which a
percentage may be applied

• Tolerances are set out in the grade determination
table of the Official Grain Grading Guide
Fusarium and DON (Vomitoxin)

• Canada recognizes the importance of
“safety first” in all commodities.
• Normally FDK infection occurs at
flowering however this year it also
occurred later
• Weather influences at flowering
• Species of Fusarium - F. graminearum
• Visual assessment difficult to predict
deoxynivalenol (DON) levels
• Companies are testing for DON to
manage their purchases to ensure
meeting customer needs for safety ie:
Incidence of Fusarium Damage 2015
Incidence of Fusarium Damage 2016
Determination of dockage
▪ Procedure found in Official Grain Grading Guide
▪ Assessed and recorded to nearest 0.1%
▪ Assessed on the gross weight of the sample
▪ Assessed in 2 stages
▪ Normal cleaning procedures
▪ Cleaning for grade improvement
Sample must be free of dockage material before grade assigned
▪ Material that must be removed from grain by the use of
approved cleaning equipment so that the grain can be
assigned a grade.
Foreign material:
▪ Material other than grain of the same class that remains in the
sample after the removal of the dockage.
Primary focus
▪ Buyers
▪ Canadians
▪ Industry
▪ Licensees
▪ Producers
▪ Scientists

Website features
▪ Both official languages
▪ Real Simple Syndication
(RSS update feed)
▪ Over 11,600 pages (Feb
Objective of the Modernization Proposal

Core principle:
▪Canada’s wheat classes are a critical part of the total grain quality
assurance system
▪ provide a more consistent and balanced functionality
▪ increasing demands for more consistency by stakeholders and
customers both domestically and internationally
Extensograph Rmax (BU) for CWRS Varieties
2014 Harvest

Extensograph Rmax (BU)

Background for modernization proposal
• Customer concerns related to gluten strength have
increased in last few years
• Gluten strength is a function of wheat’s glutenin and
gliadin proteins and is key to bakery processing,
crumb structure and gas retention in a loaf
• Quality of protein just as critical as Quantity
▪ Just easy ones!!