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decimals

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You are on page 1of 32

1. Name and write decimals with a) one decimal place b) two decimal places

2. Recognise the place value of a) tenths b) hundredths c) tenths and hundredths

3. Convert fractions to decimals of a) tenths b) hundredths c) tenths and

Hundredths vice versa

one decimal place and two decimal one decimal place and two

places involving decimal places involving

a) decimals only c) mixed decimals a) decimals only

b)Whole numbers and decimals b) mixed decimals

c) Whole numbers and decimals

5. Solve problems involving addition (mixed decimals)

of decimal numbers. 7. Solve problems involving

Subtraction of decimal.

Learning Outcomes

decimal place and two place and two decimal places by

decimal places with a) one-digit number

a) one-digit number b) 10

b) 10, 100, and 1 000

11. Divide decimals by a whole number

9. Solve problems involving with the dividend value of up to

multiplication of decimals. two decimal places.

of decimals

56

WAJA MATHS YEAR 4 JPN PERAK

Tips

5.26 - is read as five point two six

number of digits after the decimal point.

Example 1.

After the decimal point read one number at a time

3. 0.89 - zero point eight nine

6 0.4 - ________________________

Lets try

7. 0.01 - ________________________ this !!!

8. 4.3 - ________________________

9. 47.28 - ____________________________

Example 2

TIPS

Write down the number of decimal places for each number. 7 - WHOLE NUMBER

1. 0.8 2. 6.5 8 A whole number can

be a decimal number

2 decimal places

7.0 - 1 decimal place

1 decimal place

7.00 - 2 decimal

places

6.8 1 decimal place

Lets try

46.71 2 decimal places

this !!!

0.3

5.5

23.09

Exercise 1

57

WAJA MATHS YEAR 4 JPN PERAK

Write the decimals in numerals or in words.

11 0.6 12 0.7

13 6.9 14 8.8

15 5.1 16 3.07

17 62.35 18 50.05

19 13.28 20 76.86

58

WAJA MATHS YEAR 4 JPN PERAK

Each digit in a decimal has its The place value after the

own place value and digit decimal point ended with

value. ths

Example 1.

The place values and digit values for the decimal 247.38 are as follows.

Place Value Hundreds Tens Ones point Tenths Hundredths

2 4 7 . 3 8

3 8

= = 0.08

Digit Value 200 40 7 10 100

0.3

A point separates

whole numbers and

decimal numbers

2. 3.9 ones (refer he table above)

3. 8.75 hundredths (refer the table above)

4. 8.9 tenths (refer the table above)

5. 28.17

7. 15.06

59

WAJA MATHS YEAR 4 JPN PERAK

Exercise 2

State the place values of the underlined digits.

1. 0.27 2. 6.12

3. 2.47 4. 0.05

5. 51.31 6. 20.20

7. 45.13 8. 47.89

60

WAJA MATHS YEAR 4 JPN PERAK

3. Convert fractions to decimals of: a) tenths b) hundredths c) tenths and hundredths and vice versa.

Example 1.

POINTS TO NOTE

1 A fraction with a denominator of

1. = 0.1 1digit after the

10 10 is equivalent to a decimal

decimal place with one decimal place.

1 zero

7

2. = 0.7

10

TIPS

Denominator 10

3

3. = 0.3

10 One decimal place

4

4. =

10

6

5. =

10

6. =

10

3

7. = 0.03 2 digits after the

100 POINTS TO NOTE

decimal place

A fraction with a denominator of

2 zeros 100 is equivalent to a decimal

with two decimal places.

7

8. = 0.07

100

19 TIPS

9. = 0.19 Denominator 100

100

two decimal places

8

10. =

100

4

11 =

100

12. =

100

Example 2.

61

WAJA MATHS YEAR 4 JPN PERAK

3

1. 0.3 = 1 zero

10

1 digit after

the decimal point

1

2. 0.1 =

10

4. 0.9 =

5. 0.3 =

13

6. 0.13 =

100 2 zeros

2 digits after

the decimal place

33

7. 0.33 =

100

8. 0.57 =

Lets try this !!!

9. 0.08 =

10. 0.42 =

Exercise 3

Convert the following fractions to decimal and vice versa.

62

WAJA MATHS YEAR 4 JPN PERAK

1. 5 2 9

= =

10 10

3 9 4 17

= =

100 100

5 47 6 0.3 =

=

100

7 0.7 = 8 0.91 =

4.. Add any two to four decimals of one decimal place and two decimal places involving

a) decimals only b) whole numbers and decimals c) mixed decimals

Example 1

63

WAJA MATHS YEAR 4 JPN PERAK

according to its place values

0.6 Decimal points must be in a

+ 0.1 straight line.

0.7

Arrange in vertical form.

Decimal points must be in

a straight line.

8 + 0.5

8.0

+ 0.5 Arrange the whole number

to one decimal place.

8.5

1 1

Arrange in vertical form.

12.3

Decimal points must be in

6.6 a straight line.

21.3

Lets

try

this!!

!

Example 2

64

WAJA MATHS YEAR 4 JPN PERAK

straight line

+ 0.78

0.82

3 + 0.15 + 0.08

Change the whole number

3.00 to two decimal places

a straight line

+ 0.08

3.23

1 1

Arrange in vertical form

11.1

Decimal points must be in

6.6 a straight line

90.1

Lets try this !!!

65

WAJA MATHS YEAR 4 JPN PERAK

Exercise 4

Add the following.

66

WAJA MATHS YEAR 4 JPN PERAK

2. 0.1

3. 0.05

4. 24.26

5. 42.33

6.

EXAMPLE 1

70.39

1. Mazlan

or point sevenweighs 30.4 kg and Wan weighs 0.7 kg more

2. six than

point nine

Mazlan. What is Wans weight?

3. eight point eight

Step 1 :

4. five point one

5. Read

three pointand

zerounderstand

seven question. As you read, underline the

6. key words.

sixty-two point three five

7. fifty point zero five

8. thirteen pointweighs

Mazlan two eight

30.4 kg and Wan weighs 0.7 kg

9. seventy-six point eight six

more than Mazlan. What is Wans weight?

Step 2place

1. 1 decimal :

Write place

2. 1 decimal the operation / formula of the keywords signify.

3. 2 decimal places

4. 2 decimal

Mazlan places

weighs 30.4 kg and Wan weighs 0.7 kg

5. 2 decimal places

6.

(+ )

1 decimal place

more than Mazlan. What is Wans weight?

2.

3. tenths

4. hundredths

Step 3 : Add

.

0.7 kg + 30.4 kg

0.7 kg

+ 30.4 kg

31.1 kg Answer : 31.1 kg

as in the order given.

67

Step 2: Step 3:

+ RM1254 RM5555

RM9254 RM3699

WAJA MATHS YEAR 4 JPN PERAK

Exercise 5

Solve the problems

3.5 l of liquid. Find the total volume of liquid, in litres, in the two containers.

.

2. Bottle A contains 1.5 l of syrup. Bottle B contains 2.3 l of syrup and bottle C

contains 0.25 l of syrup. What is the total volume of syrup in the three bottles ?

3. The length of three sticks is 3.9 m, 0.87 m and 1.57 m. What is their total length?

6. Subtract one to two decimals of one decimal place and two decimal places involving

a) decimals only b) mixed decimals c) whole numbers and decimals (mixed decimals).

68

WAJA MATHS YEAR 4 JPN PERAK

Example 1

according to its place values.

0.8 Decimal points must be in a

0.4 straight line.

0.4

according to its place values.

9 0.5 Change the whole number

8 10

to one decimal place.

9.0 (ex.9 = 9.0 )

a straight line.

8.5 regroup if necessary

Arrange in vertical form

0.7 0.4 according to its place values.

a straight line.

0.4 0.3

69

WAJA MATHS YEAR 4 JPN PERAK

Example 2

according to its place values.

6 11

straight line

5.47 regroup if necessary

4.24

3.78 according to its place values.

a straight line

1.43 regroup if necessary

5 17 according to its place values.

a straight line.

14.20 9.60

regroup if necessary

67.88 58.28

70

WAJA MATHS YEAR 4 JPN PERAK

Exercise 6

Subtract the following.

71

WAJA MATHS YEAR 4 JPN PERAK

8. 0.1

9. 0.05

10. 24.26 EXAMPLE 1

11. 42.33

12. 70.39

The length of a stick is 7.5 m. If 3.95 m of the

10. or pointstick

seven is cut off, what is the length of the stick

11. six point nine

remains?

12. eight point eight

13. five point one

14. three point

Stepzero

1 :seven

15. sixty-two pointand

Read three five

understand question. As you read underline the

16. fifty point zero five

17. thirteen keywords.

point two eight

18. seventy-six point eight six

The length of a stick is 7.5 m. If 3.95 m of the stick is cut

7. 1 decimal

off,place

what is the length of the stick remains?

8. 1 decimal place

9. 2 decimal places

Step

10. 2 decimal 2:

places

Write

11. 2 decimal the operation / formula the keywords signify.

places

12. 1 decimal place

The length of a stick is 7.5 m. If 3.95 m of the stick is

5. ( )

6. tenths

cut off, what is the length of the stick remains ?

7. hundredths

Step 3 : Minus

.

7.5m 3.95m

7.50 m

- 3.95 m

3.55 m Points to note

Answer

Put a:zero

3.55 m

to obtain

2 decimal places.

72

Note : + and are on the same scale. So calculate

as in the order given.

StepYEAR

WAJA MATHS 2: 4 Step 3: JPN PERAK

RM8000 RM9254

+ RM1254 RM5555

ExerciseRM9254

7 RM3699

Solve the problems.

1 Yanti bought 10 m of cloth to sew dresses. She used up 8.9 m for her twin

daughters dresses. How much cloth is left?

What was the volume of milk left?

3 Asmah has a piece of string 14 m long. She cut two pieces, one 3.5 m and the other

5.6 m long. How long is the remaining string?

73

WAJA MATHS YEAR 4 JPN PERAK

a) one-digit number, b) 10, 100 and 1 000.

Example 1.

5 6.7 = 33.5 2. Place the multiplier below

3 the last decimal place.

6.7 3. Multiply one digit at a time

from right to left.

5 4. Regroup if necessary.

5. Put the decimal point

33.5 according to the decimal

place.

7 2.4 =

Example 2

1. Arrange in vertical form.

2. Place the multiplier below

5 0.67 = 4.02 the last decimal place.

4 3. Multiply one digit at a time

from right to left.

0.67 4. Regroup if necessary.

6 5. Put the decimal point

according to the decimal

4.02 place.

4 0.29 =

74

WAJA MATHS YEAR 4 JPN PERAK

Example 3

Move the decimal point one

7.8 10 = 78 place to the right.

2.3 9 100 = 239 places to the right.

9.5 1 6 1000 = 9 516 places to the right.

Lets try this !!!

3.7 10 = 5.71 100 = 9.197 1000 =

75

WAJA MATHS YEAR 4 JPN PERAK

Exercise 8

Multiply.

1 0.3 7 = 2 31.6 10 =

5 4.47 2 = 6 0.45 10 =

76

WAJA MATHS YEAR 4 JPN PERAK

14. 0.1

15. 0.05

16. 24.26 EXAMPLE

17. 42.33

18. 70.39

The mass of a packet of biscuits is 1.25 kg. What is

19. or pointthe

seventotal mass of 3 packets of biscuits ?

20. six point nine

21. eight point eight

Step

22. five point one1 :

Read

23. three point zeroand understand question. As you read underline the

seven

24. sixty-two

key words. five

point three

25. fifty point zero five

26. thirteen point two eight

Thepoint

27. seventy-six masseight

of asix

packet of biscuits is 1.25 kg. What is the

total mass of 3 packets of biscuits ?

13. 1 decimal place

14. 1 decimal place

Step 2:

15. 2 decimal places

Write

16. 2 decimal the operation / formula the keywords signify.

places

17. 2 decimal places

The

18. 1 decimal mass of a packet of biscuits is 1.25 kg.

place

( )

8. What is the total mass of 3 packets of biscuits ?

9. tenths

10. hundredths

Step 3 : Multiply

.

1.25 kg 3

1.25 kg

3

3.75 kg Answer : 3.75 kg

77

Note : + and are on the same scale. So calculate

Step 2: Step 3:

RM8000

WAJA MATHS YEAR 4 RM9254 JPN PERAK

+ RM1254 RM5555

RM9254 RM3699

Exercise 9

Solve the problems.

1 The length of a hockey stick is 68.5 cm. Find the total length of 3 similar

hockey sticks.

2 A bowl can hold 73.4 g of flour. Lina used 6 bowls of flour for baking a cake.

How much flour did Lina use?

How much oil can 6 tanks hold?

78

WAJA MATHS YEAR 4 JPN PERAK

10. Divide decimal of one decimal place and two decimal places by : a) one-digit number, b) 10,

Example 1

4.6 2 =

Arrange in

vertical form

Place the decimal point.

in line with decimal point of

dividend

2 4.6

left to right

2 4 .6

4

0 6

6

0

Lets try

this !!!

4.8 4 =

79

WAJA MATHS YEAR 4 JPN PERAK

Example 2

Set the time table of 6

1=6

2 = 12

7.92 6 = 3 = 18

4 = 24

5 = 30

6 = 36

. 7 = 42

8 = 48

6 7. 9 2

9 = 54

Place the decimal point

in line with decimal point

1. 3 2 of dividend.

6 7. 9 2

-6

Divide digit by digit

1 9 from left to right.

Regroup if necessary.

1 8

12

- 12

00

Answer

1.32

Lets try this !!!

23.5 5 =

80

WAJA MATHS YEAR 4 JPN PERAK

Example 3

0.8 10 = TIPS

10 has 1 zero means one move

0.8 10 1 place to the left

0.08

Example 4

34.7 10 =

34.7 10 1 place to the left.

3.47

Lets try this !!!

6.9 10 =

45.3 10 =

27.5 10 =

81

WAJA MATHS YEAR 4 JPN PERAK

Exercise 10

Divide

1 6.2 2 = 2 6.5 5 =

3 12.6 6 = 4 4.64 8 =

5 25.5 10 = 6 13.5 10 =

82

WAJA MATHS YEAR 4 JPN PERAK

11. Divide decimals by a whole number with the dividend value of up to two decimal places.

1=5

2 = 10

3 = 15

15.7 5 = 4 = 20

5 = 25

6 = 30

7 = 35

. 8 = 40

9 = 45

Place the decimal point

in line with decimal point

of dividend.

3. 1 4 left to right.

5 15. 7 0

Regroup if necessary.

- 15

0 7

5

Put a zero to the dividend

20 wherever there is a remainder

- 20

00

3.14 Answer

18.8 8 =

Lets try

this !!!

83

WAJA MATHS YEAR 4 JPN PERAK

Exercise 11

Divide.

.

1 10.08 3 = 2 2.28 6 =

3 15.7 5 = 4 18.2 4 =

5 69.45 3 = 6 496.4 8 =

84

WAJA MATHS YEAR 4 JPN PERAK

20. 0.1

21. 0.05

22. 24.26

23. 42.33

EXAMPLE

24. 70.39

17.7seven

28. or point kg of rice has been divided between three flood

29. six victims.

point nine How many kilograms of rice are provided to

30. eight pointvictim?

each eight

31. five point one

32. three point zero seven

Step 1point

33. sixty-two : three five

34. fiftyRead

point and

zero understand

five question. As you read underline the

35. thirteen point two eight

keywords.

36. seventy-six point eight six

17.7 kg

19. 1 decimal of rice has been divided between three flood

place

victims.

20. 1 decimal How many kilograms of rice are provided to each

place

victim?

21. 2 decimal places

22. 2 decimal places

23. 2 decimal places

Step 2 :

24. 1 decimal place

Write the operation / formula the keywords signify.

11.

17.7 kg of rice has been divided between three flood

12. tenths

13. hundredths

victims. How many kilograms of rice is provided to

()

each victim?

Step 3 : Divide

5.9

3 17.7

15

27

27

00 Answer : 5.9 kg

as in the order given. 85

RM8000 RM9254

+ RM1254 RM5555

RM9254

WAJA MATHS YEAR 4 RM3699 JPN PERAK

Exercise 12

Solve the problems.

Find the length of each piece of ribbon.

What is the weight, in kg, of rice in each bag?

What is the volume, in , of a bottle?

86

WAJA MATHS YEAR 4 JPN PERAK

87

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