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US Patent - Rotating electrostatic propulsion system

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(19) United States

(12) Patent Application Publication (10) Pub. No.: US 2003/0209637 A1

St. Clair (43) Pub. Date: NOV. 13, 2003

**(54) ROTATING ELECTROSTATIC PROPULSION (52) Us. 01. ............................................................ .. 244/172
**

SYSTEM

**(76) Inventor: John Quincy St. Clair, San Juan, PR (57) ABSTRACT
**

(US)

Correspondence Address: This invention relates to a spacecraft propulsion system

John St. Clair utilizing thrusters comprised of a motor-driven electrostati

Hyperspace Research Institute cally charged cylinder rotating Within an electrostatically

52 Kings Court, 4A charged annular ring for the purpose of creating a spacetime

curvature stress-energy tension in the horizontal direction.

San Juan, PR 00911 (US)

The thrusters are augmented by magnetic vorteX generators,

either embedded in the cylinders or located above each

(21) Appl. No.: 10/142,582

thruster, for the purpose of increasing the permittivity of

(22) Filed: May 9, 2002 space by permeating each thruster With loW density hyper

space energy generated by a Wormhole created betWeen our

Publication Classi?cation space and hyperspace. A combination of three thrusters

mounted on the underside of the hull of the spacecraft

(51) Int. Cl.7 ............................. .. B64G 1/40; B64G 1/42 provide thrust and yaW motion control.

Patent Application Publication Nov. 13, 2003 Sheet 1 0f 4 US 2003/0209637 A1

Figure 1

Figure 2

Patent Application Publication Nov. 13, 2003 Sheet 2 0f 4 US 2003/0209637 A1

Figure3

**Tzr_ 80 EZEr_coul2 n 11 ms2 _ kgm s2 _-1
**

Q02 41: H1211cculcoulkgm2 s2 kgm3 m2

Figure4

FigureS

t0 Br 0 EZ

a I‘Er O 0 0

F5: 90 O O 0

ZE 0 O 0

Patent Application Publication Nov. 13, 2003 Sheet 3 0f 4 US 2003/0209637 A1

Figure 6

TZT : _ EI‘EZ

4n

Figure 7

d E E

—-Sr = so ertZXtTZrnrArea = 80 t I Z nrArea

dt 4n

Figure 8

2

coul n n 2 m m

2 see m = g——~5sec=kg~—

m n coul c0111 sec see

Figure 9

d 80 icot iso im

—Sr t = —e EIEZ area+———e ErEZtmarea

dt ’ 41: 411:

Patent Application Publication Nov. 13, 2003 Sheet 4 0f 4 US 2003/0209637 A1

Figure 10

Figure 1 1

Figure 12

US 2003/0209637 A1 Nov. 13, 2003

**ROTATING ELECTROSTATIC PROPULSION [0009] FIG. 2. Perspective vieW of individual thruster
**

SYSTEM shoWing rotating cylinder and ring.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0010] FIG. 3. Stress-energy tension created by tWo elec

tric ?elds and having units of curvature.

[0001] The invention, Which is the object of my present

application, is a spacecraft propulsion system Which devel [0011] FIG. 4. Cylindrical spacetime coordinates {t, r, 0,

ops a spacetime curvature tension utilizing a combination of Z}.

a rotating radial electrostatic ?eld and a ?xed vertical [0012] FIG. 5. Faraday electromagnetic F tensor contain

electrostatic ?eld. The tWo ?elds create a stress-energy TZr ing electric ?elds in the radial and vertical directions.

gradient in the radially direction Which is equal to force. The [0013] FIG. 6. Stress-energy tensor T shoWing it is equal

radial ?eld is created on the side of a charged rotating to the product of the tWo electric ?elds divided by 4st.

cylinder on the underside of the hull. The vertical ?eld is

created by an annular charged ring concentric With the [0014] FIG. 7. The tensor equation for How rate of angular

cylinder. Three rotating cylinders are located in a triangle on momentum S.

the bottom of the hull in order to produce a force in any [0015] FIG. 8. The units are linear momentum due to the

direction in the horiZontal plane. time lever arm.

**REFERENCE PAPERS [0016] FIG. 9. The rate of change of linear momentum is
**

the horiZontal force produced by the tWo electric ?elds.

[0002] Gravitation, Wheeler, page 80.

[0017] FIG. 10. The angular momentum ?oWs through an

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION area Whose normal vector is in the radial direction.

[0003] When Working With MaxWell’s equations in tensor [0018] FIG. 11. Cylinder With only one electrostatically

notation, it became apparent that a tensor can change iden charged segment.

tity depending on What permutation of variables is involved. [0019] FIG. 12. Annular ring With three individual seg

For example, one single equation can involve both charge ments Which can be charged separately to create a force in

density and current density. And all of MaxWell’s equations a particular direction.

can be reduced to just tWo equations.

[0004] In the tensor equation for momentum, if the lever DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE

arm is length then the equation is equal to the How rate of INVENTION

angular momentum. If the lever arm is time, then you get [0020] 1. Referring to FIG. 1, the spacecraft comprises

linear momentum. And if the ?eld rotates With time, then the an upper hull (A) With three rotating electrostatically

time rate of change of linear momentum is a force Which is charged cylinders (C) With their concentric annular

the basis for this invention. electrostatically charged rings (D) located on the space

[0005] Einstein said that mass curves space and space tells craft’s bottom hull

mass hoW to move. In this sense, generaliZed mass can be

[0021] 2. In a closer vieW of one of the cylinders seen

mass, electromagnetic ?elds, charge or angular momentum in FIG. 2, motor-driven rotating cylinder (A) has an

Which create a spacetime curvature that produces a force on electrostatically charged surface Which produces an

the spacecraft. electric ?eld (C) normal to said surface. The ?xed,

electrostatically charged annular ring (B), Which is

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION concentric With the cylinder, produces a vertical elec

[0006] The invention relates to a spacecraft utiliZing a creates

tric ?elda (D)

negative

normal

spacetime

to its surface.

curvature

This tension

crossed Which

?eld is

rotating electrostatically charged cylinder and a concentric

annular charged ring to create a stress-energy spacetime the product of the tWo ?elds divided by 4x as seen in

curvature in the horiZontal plane on the spacecraft’s under the equation, FIG. 3.

side hull. Amotor drives the rotating cylinder Which extends

beloW the hull. A charged surface produces an electric ?eld

[0022] 3. Notice that the equation involves the permit

tivity of space 60 divided by the linear mass of the

in the direction normal to the surface. The vertical and

universe Q and the speed of light. This produces units

rotating electric ?elds combine to create a rate of change of

of inverse meter squared Which is the spacetime cur

linear momentum Which creates a horiZontal propulsive

vature. In Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity, the

force on the hull.

spacetime curvature tensor is equal to the stress-energy

tensor or G=8rcT Where G is the curvature, and T is the

STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY

SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT

product of the electromagnetic ?elds. The problem With

this equation, Which has been resolved With this inven

[0007] Not Applicable. tion, is that the linear mass Q times the speed of light

c is an enormous number. Even With the square of

A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS enormous electric ?elds, the curvature Would be too

small even to notice, and little force Would be gener

[0008] FIG. 1. Perspective vieW of spacecraft hull (A) ated.

With the three electrostatically charged rotating cylinders (C)

surrounded by their annular charge rings (D) extending [0023] 4. In another patent application of mine entitled

doWn on the underside of the hull Magnetic Vortex Generator, it Was shoWn that a rotating

US 2003/0209637 A1 Nov. 13, 2003

**cylinder containing embedded and stacked bar magnets the same as the momentum subscript. Permutations of
**

produces a negative mass and negative spacetime the coordinate variables Which are in order have a plus

spring constant. It can be shown that this combination one sign. Permutations Which are in reverse order have

produces a small Wormhole or interdimensional con a minus one sign. Permutations in Which the variable

nection betWeen our space and hyperspace along the are repeated are Zero. For eXample, emf-anal because

centerline of the rotating cylinder. Co-dimensions of the r and t are in reverse order in cylindrical coordi

hyperspace have different physics constants. A loW nates. Because the permutation tensor starts With r, then

pressure region of hyperspace has a very loW mass We can have permutations such as {r,t,Z} Which is a

density and a very loW speed of light. The Wormhole reverse order negative permutation. This negative sign

alloWs this loW density hyperspace energy to enter into cancels the negative sign of the stress tensor. The

our space and permeate the cylinder and annular ring.

reason this permutation is chosen is because the ?rst

The permittivity is proportional to the inverse of the

subscript on the stress-energy tensor is noW Z. Because

speed of light squared. The hyperspace speed of light,

obtained from my tetrahedron physics diagram, is 8971 the normal to the area is in the radial direction, then the

meters per second. The speed of light in our dimension stress-tensor matches the electric ?elds that We have

is 299792458 meters per second. As shoWn by the available, Which are also in the Zr-direction.

enclosed reference calculation, the hyperspace permit [0028] 9. In this case, the second subscript of the

tivity is about a trillion times larger. Because the force

permutation tensor is time, rather than length. So the

is equal to this neW permittivity times the electric ?elds

squared times the area around cylinder, the force is units become, as shoWn in FIG. 8, those of linear

greatly ampli?ed by this increase in the permittivity of momentum. To me, this Was very surprising. Then I

space.

realiZed that the radial electric ?eld rotates With time

Which means the differential of the linear momentum

[0024] 5. It is pertinent to this invention hoW the stress produces a force on the hull. In exponential notation,

energy is created due to the tWo electric ?elds in the the radial electric ?eld rotates With EXp[iu)t]. This is

vertical and radial direction. In gravitational physics, multiplied by the time lever arm, so the term that has

there is a Faraday F tensor Which contains all the to be differentiated is t em”. The time lever arm saves

components of the electromagnetic ?elds. It is a 4 by 4 the differentiation by making one term real so that the

matriX Whose roWs and columns correspond to the force is real. This is shoWn in FIG. 9. The units of the

coordinates of spacetime Which in cylindrical coordi ?rst term are real neWtons. In the second term, the time

nates are {t, r, 0, Z} Where t is time, r the radius, theta t multiplied by the frequency cancels out in terms of

the horiZontal angle and Z the vertical height. These

coordinates are shoWn in FIG. 4.

units, so the units are still force, but imaginary

[0025] 6. The radial electric EI ?eld and the vertical [0029] 10. There is an area involved in the force equa

electric EZ ?eld can be inserted into the Faraday tensor tion Which is depicted in FIG. 10. The charged rotating

seen in FIG. 5. The sign of the vertical ?eld is positive cylinder (C) located inside the charged annular ring (B)

because it points in the positive Z-direction due to the is driven by motor The radial electric ?eld is

fact that the annular ring has a negative charge. The normal to the area (D) Whose normal vector is also in

cylinder has a positive charge. This produces the nega the radial direction. The angular momentum ?oWs

tive stress-energy tensor TZr as draWn in FIG. 6. through this area Which surrounds the cylinder. In

doing so, it curves spacetime Which produces the force.

[0026] 7. In order to calculate the force on the cylinder,

it is necessary to calculate the How rate of angular [0030] 11. If the radial electric ?eld is continuous

momentum. Momentum is mass times velocity or mass around the cylinder, then the net force is Zero. Referring

meter per second. If the mass is moving in a circle, then to FIG. 11, one section (A) of the rotating cylinder is

there is a lever arm times the momentum Which makes charged, Which means that there is a force once per

it mass meter squared per second. If this is differenti cycle in a selected direction depending on When the

ated With respect to time, then a How rate of angular annular ring is charged. The other option, referring to

momentum is produced With units of mass meter FIG. 12, is that the annular ring is divided up into tWo

squared per second squared. As mentioned previously, or three sections With the feature that the charge can be

tensors have this dual nature Where depending on the turned on (A) or off (B) on a particular segment. As the

permutation of the variables, it means one thing or rotating electric ?eld goes around, one of the annular

another. In this case, the lever arm Will be time, rather ring sections Will have an electric ?eld in order create

than length Which converts the How rate of angular a force on that side.

momentum into just linear momentum. If you change

linear momentum With respect to time, then you get a [0031] 12. Since there are three force cylinders, this

force. alloWs for yaW motion control so that the hull of the

spacecraft can pivot to change direction. After the

[0027] 8. The How rate of angular momentum S is directional change, the tWo back cylinders can be

shoWn in FIG. 7. The force has to be against the area synchroniZed to produce thrust in the forWard direction.

Whose normal vector is in the radial direction Which is

also the direction of the momentum. So S has an r [0032] 13. There could also be a polarity change for the

subscript indicating that it ?oWs in the radial direction. vertical electric ?eld such that a positive stress-energy

The permutation tensor 6 has three subscripts Which is produced Which Would reverse the direction of the

keeps track of the tensor notation. The ?rst subscript is thrust.

US 2003/0209637 A1 Nov. 13, 2003

**What I claim as my invention is: 4. Said rotating cylinder having one or more segments
**

1. A spacecraft propulsion system utilizing three electro Which can be electrostatically charged individually or

statically charged motor-driven cylinders each one of Which together to produce a force in a particular direction.

rotates Within a charged annular ring to produce a spacetime

5. Said annular ring having one or more segments Which

stress curvature tension in the horiZontal plane on the

underside of the hull. can be electrostatically charged individually or together to

2. Said rotating cylinder comprised of bar magnets produce a force in a particular direction.

embedded in the cylinder and stacked in groups at intervals 6. A combination of three such thrusters providing a force

around the periphery of the cylinder With the purpose of in any particular direction or for yaW motion control.

increasing the permittivity of space by permeating the 7. Electric polarity sWitching of the ?elds in order to

cylinder and ring With loW linear mass, loW speed of light reverse the spacetime curvature and therefore change the

hyperspace energy by means of a Wormhole betWeen our direction of thrust.

space and hyperspace. The larger permittivity is to increase

the force. Said technique is contained in my patent appli 8. The use of a magnetic vorteX generator located above

cations Magnetic Vortex Wormhole Generator and Magnetic each thruster in order to permeate the cylinders and rings

Vortex Generator. With loW density hyperspace energy Which Would substitute

3. Said rotating cylinder and annular ring having a suit for the embedded magnets in each cylinder.

able metal surface for forming and maintaining the electro

static charge.

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