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Danfoss VLT Drive

Installation

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Objectives

Student will be able to:

Identify the reference material needed for an installation


and where that material may be found
Perform the necessary pre installation checks
Interpret the drive nameplate label & string code
Identify any environmental concerns prior to an
installation
Perform a proper physical drive installation
Display proper wiring practices associated with a VFD
installation

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FC-202 Aqua Drive Installation

Reference Material

Pre-Installation Checks

Safety

Installation

General Wiring

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Reference Material

Specific instruction manual (IM) with each drive

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Instruction Manual Contents

Safety
Technical data
Dimensions
Installation
Operation
Programming
Alarm and warning messages
Examples of use
List of different functions and drive options

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Information is also available at:

www.Danfoss.com/BusinessAreas/DrivesSolutions/Documentations

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Pre-Installation Checks

Visual inspection

Proper handling

Remove IM and kits from box

Drive nameplate information

Check incoming power, drive and motor that they are


the same voltage range

Record motor nameplate data

Ensure that drive can handle the maximum motor current

Ensure all tools and accessories are available

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Pre-Installation Checks

Inspection and Handling

Immediately make a visual inspection


for damage to the drive

Take into account the weight and size


of the drive and have proper
equipment to lift the drive from its
container and to mount it safely

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Pre-Installation Checks

Remove IM and kits


Remove the (IM) from the box; and the
accessory kit if present

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Pre-Installation Checks

Drive nameplate and information

Catalog Number Serial Number

Sales Number Output Ratings

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VLT AQUA Part Number

FC-202P7K5T4E20H1XGXXXXSXXXXA4BXCXXXXDX

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VLT AQUA Part Number = 131F6432
Type code = FC-202P7K5T4E20H1XGXXXXSXXXXA4BXCXXXXDX

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Pre-Installation Checks

Be sure the line power, VFD & motor have same


voltage range

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Pre-Installation Checks

Record motor data information


Motor Power, Voltage, Frequency, Current (FLA) and
Speed (RPM)

Check Motor Wiring


No power correction capacitors between drive and motor
2-speed motors must be wired for full speed
Part-winding start motors, must be wired for run

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Pre-Installation Checks
Ensure that the drive can handle the maximum current of
the motor
VFD output current must meet or exceed sum of all
connected motors FLA

Drive Output Current = 27A


Motor FLA = 26A

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Pre-Installation Checks

Ensure that all hand tools, auxiliary equipment, and kits


are available and ready

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! DANGER

Touching the electrical parts may be fatal even after the


equipment has been disconnected from the AC line. To be
sure that the capacitors have fully discharged, you may
have to wait up to 40 minutes.

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Installation Concerns
Environmental Concerns

Clean and dry: 5%95% humidity, non-condensing


24-hour temperature limit = 45 C (113 F)
Maximum temperature limit = 50 C (122 F)
Altitude limits: 1000m (3300 ft)
Storage limits: -25 to +65 C (-13 to 149 F)

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Installation Concerns I cant handle this heat!

I can, Im
Derating cool
Derate for temperature
and altitude
Increase drive size

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Frame Sizes (AE)

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Frame Sizes (AE)

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Installation (AC Frames)

Mounting
Side-by-side is
acceptable
Vertical mounting
recommended
Needs space above
and below drive (4-16
in)
Back: flush-mounted
only (A, B & C frame)

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Installation (DE Frames)

D Frame: wall mount (floor optional)


E Frame: floor mount
Chassis: panel mount
Check wall strength

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Cooling (DE Frames)

Upper exhaust

Heat sink Back exhaust


Heat
sink
fan

IP54 Seal Back inlet

Bottom inlet

Side view Side view Side view

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Wiring

General Wiring
Power Input
Motor Output
Control Wiring

All wire gauges can be found in the Technical Data section of the
instruction manual

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General Wiring Practices

At least three separate METALLIC conduits (more for relays)


must be connected to the drive.
Incoming power to the drive [L1, L2, L3]
Outgoing power to the motor [U, V, W]
Control wiring
Check torque required for connectors

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General Wiring Practices

Route control wiring in separate conduit and as far away


from power wires as possible

Shielded cable has higher leakage current and reduces


maximum cable length

A dedicated ground wire is needed, Danfoss does not


recommend grounding through the conduit

Keep wire runs as short as possible to help avoid problems

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General Wiring Practices

Conduit entry
All wiring
enters the
bottom of the
drive
Knock-outs are
provided on
many drives
Larger drives
have a
removable
conduit entry
or gland plate

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Wiring Incoming Power

All drives must have input fuses installed in the power


supply to the drive in order to meet UL/cUL standards.
Refer to the instruction manual for fuse sizing.

Terminals 91(L1), 92(L2) and 93(L3) are always


used for incoming power

Input line reactor not required

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Wiring Motor Output

Use terminals 96
(U), 97 (V) & 98 (W)
Check maximum
motor length;
example: FC-302 is
300m (1000)
Disconnect OK
Be aware that order
determines direction
Be careful not to
hook line power to
drives output
terminals!

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Wiring Control

Maximum voltage to control card is 24 VDC

Screwdriver opens terminal to release wire

Never run control (low voltage) with high voltage wiring

Only connect control wiring shield at one end

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This concludes this training module. Please proceed to the
startup module which covers applications in more detail.

If you have any comments or questions, please contact:

Technical Support
Danfoss Drives
4401 N. Bell School Rd
Loves Park, Illinois 61111 USA
phone: (800) 432-6367 or (815) 639-8600

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Review Questions

1. What is the first thing that you should do when


receiving the drive?

2. Where can the drives data label be found? How is the


sales number on the label created?

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Review Questions

3. True or false?
It is acceptable to use a 460 volt drive to run a motor
that is wired for 230 volts.

4. Name two places that information can be found to assist


you with an installation.

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Review Questions

5. Where can the motor data that will be programmed


into the drive be found?

6. Name some things that need to be taken into


consideration prior to installation.

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Review Questions

7. True or false?
Side by side mounting is acceptable.

8. True or false?
Danfoss drives require no space above and below them.

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Review Questions

9. Where does the power and control wiring enter the


drive?

10. Which terminals are used to connect the input voltage


and which ones for the motor output?

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Review Questions

11. Why are circuit breakers unacceptable on the


drives input?

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Review Question Answers

1) Check for any damage to the drive

2) The data label can be found on the box, or the drive itself. The
sales number is created from the catalog number

3) False: The line voltage, motor voltage and drive voltage range
must all match one another

4) The instruction manual and online at Danfoss.com

5) It is found on the motor nameplate

6) Clean and dry environment, Altitude, ambient temperature,


adequate mounting space, proper tools and equipment

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Review Question Answers

7) True, no space is required between mounted drives

8) False, space is needed and specifics can be found in the


instruction manual

9) All the wiring enters at the bottom of the drive

10) Terminals (91-92-93) for the live power and (96-97-98) for the
motor

11) Circuit breakers react too slow and the drive could suffer
unnecessary damage

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