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Many individuals of the same species living together in a defined area form

A. Community
B. Ecosystem
C. Genus
D. Population

73. Which of the following is characteristic of parasitism?

A. One organism lives in or on another and benefits.
B. Two organisms nourish each other; both benefit.
C. One organism kills and consumes another.
D. Two organisms live together and neither is harmed.

74. The sequence of energy flow through a food chain is

A. primary consumers- producers- higher order consumers.
B. producers- higher order consumers- primary consumers.
C. producers- primary consumers- higher order consumers.
D. primary consumers- higher order consumers- producers.

75. The two compounds that acid rain contains that are most damaging to the
environment are ____________ and ____________.

A. nitrogen; water
B. carbon dioxide; sulfuric acid
C. sulfur dioxide; nitrogen oxides
D. carbon dioxide; water

76. The only gas in the atmosphere that can absorb the sun's dangerous
ultraviolet radiation is ____.

A. nitrogen
B. ozone
C. nitrous oxide
D. carbon dioxide

77. The largest amount of usable water found on earth is used for ___.

A. household use
B. crop irrigation
C. recreation
D. industrial uses

78. Which of the following are producers?

the atmosphere D. aquifers B. Rating Curve D. What is happening to the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere? A. The major reservoir for phosphorus is A. clouds C. Precipitation is usually expressed in which of the following units? A.A. it is decreasing C. Which of the following is not a method of estimating river discharge? A. bacteria C. ml B. Common in semi-arid areas where soil surface crusts develop B. soil and rocks 81.Velocity-Area Method 83.Rare in many temperature areas because infiltration capacity is too high 84. it is fluctuating 80. it is steady D. Atmometer readings C. Dilution Gauging B. Common where the surface is often frozen D. mm D. Rare in areas subject to extreme rainfall events C. termites B. Which of the following does not apply to infiltration excess overland flow? A. it is increasing B. all of the above 79. Which of the following is not one of the major paths for water entering the soil? .m³ 82. g/m² C. algae D.

Increased precipitation input 88. Variations in river discharge over time C. Outputs in the water budget often do not equal inputs due to a large amount of long term water storage D. In the context of river flows in glacial regions.Travels laterally through the soil 85. Infiltration-excess overland flow C. Large snow/ice melt input in early winter causes high flood potential B.Discharge is lower at night than during the daytime 89. Variations in sediment concentration against river discharge D. Dry lands are characterized by rare but intense rainfall events B. In which of the following through flow pathways does water travel through the finest soil pores? . Taken up by plants and transpired D.The intense nature of rainfall events causes rapid runoff and high flood peaks 87. Percolates into bedrock B. C. Reduced annual river flow D. Increased infiltration capacity and greater base flow contribution B. Most of the water is stored above ground to maintain base flow until the next flood event C. Which of the following statements is not correct with respect to river flow in dry land environments? A. Discharge can be extremely low over winter C. Variations in water temperature against discharge B. Which of the following is the most likely impact of deforestation and increased grazing intensity? A. Reduced infiltration capacity and greater infiltration-excess overland flow generation C.A. What does a 'hydrograph' display? A. which of the following is not correct? A. Coarse and sandy soil often results in high infiltration capacities D.Variations in snowfall over time 86.

Rising levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide will cause which of the following changes in oceanic chemistry? A. 71% D. Decreased pH C.Salinity and plankton concentration 93. Pipe flow D. Which two features together control the density of seawater? A. Approximately what percentage of the earth's surface is covered by oceans? A.Macropre flow 90.Increased precipitation of calcium carbonate 92. Temperature gradients D. 10% B. Prevailing winds C. Increased salinity B. Temperature and salinity D. Surface ocean currents are driven mainly by which of the following? A. Salinity gradients B. Stomatal pore flow B. Temperature and salinity gradients .A.90% 91. Temperature and sea depth C. 35% C. Prevailing winds B. Decreased salinity D. Matrix flow C.Warm Air 94. Salinity and depth B. Deep ocean currents are driven mainly by which of the following? A.

This is most likely due to sediment and rock characterized by A. Atmosphere B. Condensation C. suspended load B. stream load D.Liquid to gas 98.C. precipitation.Deposition 97. low permeability C. bed load C. Liquid to solid C. Groundwater D. Biosphere C. Condensation is a change in water from a A. All the sediment carried by a river is called the A. and A. poor sorting D. low porosity B. Evaporation B. Which of the following reservoir contains the most water? A.dissolved load 99.Earth’s rotation 95. Solid to liquid B. but the water cannot be removed easily with an ordinary well. Runoff D. Mid-ocean ridge volcanism D. An aquifer contains a great deal of water.high iron content . Gas to liquid D.Lake and Rivers 96. The main parts of the water cycle are evapotranspiration.

100. The water table forms the upper surface of the A.artesian formation . cap rock layer B. zone of saturation D. contour surface C.