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Basic Guide to

EXPLOSIVES.
Learn the basic of Explosives as well as
how to make them.
Understanding what they are
Explosive are reactive substances that contain great amounts of energy that can generate a rapid
increase in volume and the release of its energy in an extreme manner. All explosives and
combustible materials need 2 components, an oxidiser (Urea Nitrate, Oxygen, Hydrogen Peroxide,
etc), and a fuel (Gasoline, Hydrogen, Acetone, etc).
The components
Oxidizers are substance that can cause other substances to lose their electrons. Reducing agents are
fuel, they can lose their electrons to other substances. When ignited the redox reaction occurs
which is a chemical reaction that involves the oxidation state (the degree of lose electrons to a
chemical) of atoms are changed.

Oxidiser Reducer
What goes on during combustion
When Gasoline burns it is being oxidised by the oxygen in the atmosphere, chemical
reactions/decompositions this slow is know as combustion. With flash powder however the
composition burns much faster but not as fast as sound itself, this is known as deflagration. High
explosive are explosives of which there rate of combustion exceeds that of the speed of sound. As
the redox reaction occurs chemical new bonds forms new products of which are usually gases. These
gases have more volume ( take up more space) than the combustible substance the more faster the
redox reaction takes place the more faster the gases with expand, the pressure depends on how
much gases are produced in the lapse of the redox reaction. The more gases produced in the shortest
of time then the more pressure there is
Manufacturing
Now that the basics are covered we can start making highly efficient explosives. Fertilizer based
explosives are the most common and efficient explosives to use non-professionally, here are
explosives i recommend: Ammonium Nitrate-A very stable high explosive that can be bought or synthesized by mixing Nitric Acid With Ammonia, explosive and can burn by itself but very hard to
detonate advised to combine it with 5% aluminum powder to make Tannerite of which can be detonated by shooting it with a high powered firearm, Or combine it with 4% fuel oil to make ANFO an industrial explosive that
can't be detonated by a blasting cap you must use an explosive booster containing high explosives to initiate it.

Urea Nitrate- a highly stable high explosive that can be synthesized by mixing Nitric Acid and Urea, control the mixing glasses temperature by ice bathing it while doing so. It can be initiated by a blasting cap.

Ammonium Nitrate Urea Nitrate


DANGEROUS EXPLOSIVES
These are explosives that are too sensitive to be safely used and should never be used: Flash powders-flash powders are
low explosive common in pyrotechnic. It's a mixture of oxidisers and metallic fuel the most common mixture used is 70% Potassium perchlorate and 30% DARK PYRO Aluminum powder. All flash powder compositions are highly
sensitive to sparks, shocks, friction, and heat. Black powders should also never be used.

Acetone peroxide-a high explosive white crystalline powder with a bleach-like odor produced by mixing hydrogen peroxide with acetone, it detonates with very little heat and can pass through explosive detector designed to
detect nitrogenous explosives but is very sensitive to heat, friction, and shock due to its peroxide characteristics.

Nitrogen Triiodide-an extremely sensitive contact explosive small quantities explode with a loud, sharp snap when touched by a feather, releasing a purple cloud of iodine vapor and is one of the very few explosives that can
detonate even when exposed to radiation though it's not the most sensitive compound in the world as the high explosives Silver Fulminate and Chlorine Azide are much more sensitive to impact and friction. It can be synthesized
by mixing ammonia and elemental iodine.

Nitrogen Triiodide
Acetone Peroxide Assortment of Flash Powder compositions
Devices and training aids
End, Be Safe!