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12.04.2014.

II

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:
: H=1; Li=7; B=11; C=12; N=14; O=16; F=19; Na=23;
Mg=24; Al=27; Si=28; P=31; S=32; Cl=35,5; K=39; Ca=40; Ti=48; Cr=52 ; Mn=55;
Fe=56; Co=59; Ni=59; Cu=64; Zn=65; Ge=73; As=75; Br=80; Rb=85; Sr=88; Y=89;
Mo=96; Ag=108; Cd=112; Sn=119; I=127; Xe=131; Cs=133; Ba=137; Pt=195;
Hg=201; Pb=207; Bi=209; Ra=226; U=238
: = 0oC; 101,3 kPa.
: 22,4 dm3/mol .
: 6x1023
: 8,314 J/K mol
: 96500 C
: 6,62 x 10-34 J s

150
1. 3,4- (
212) 20 C 0,67 g 100 cm3 .
pH 2,21.
? - 100 cm3

?

K = ___________________

(1 . .)

m = _______________ g

(3 .)

2. - H2SiO3
, - ( -)
. ?
.

) H2SiO3 -

) -

)
-

) H2SiO3 ,
.

) -
H2SiO3.

3. 10,00 g - 50
. 8,17 g -
. - 50 ?

_____________g 100 g

(1 .)
4. , .
,
.
.


-


-


,


, ,





,






, -



, -




: -, , (II)-,
(II)-, -, - -,
.

= ____________________________ = _____________________________

= ____________________________ = _____________________________

= ____________________________ = _____________________________

5. , 0,5341 g, 92,00% () -
8,00%
100,00 cm3. ,
15,00 cm3 NaOH 19,50 cm3 .

= _______________ mol/dm3
(4 .)

6. 0,1 mol/dm3
.
() pH .

.
.
.

= ______________________________ =______________________________

= ______________________________ = ______________________________

= ______________________________

7. 360,0 cm3 HCl,


, 50,00 g -.
.
63,00 g, 1,25 mol NaCl, ,
HCl.
?

= _______________ mol/dm3

(3 .)
8. 60 , .
4,00104 , 1,33104 ,
0,64104 . .

= ____________________ mol/dm3

(2 e. .)

9. 2 NO + O2 2 NO2 je v = k[NO]2[O2].
:

1. : (IV)-
NO ;

2. : :

2 NO N2O2 ( )

N2O2 + O2 2 NO2 ( )

.

.

10. :
,
?

___________________________________________________

11. - 25 36,0 g 100 cm3 .


10,0 g
-

. 10,0 cm3

. 2,0 g -.

. _______________ % . ________________ %

(1 .) (1 .)

12. pH 7,357,45.
?
Kw (37 C) 2,34 10-14, pKw = 13,63.
= _______________ mol/dm3

(2 . .)

13. [r]3d5 4s1?

___________________

14. (II)- -
(
). ,
.
Fe1-xO, x
0,12.
Fe2+ (
).
, Fe3+ ,
(Fe3+ ).
Fe2+
Fe0,92O?

_____________________%

( )

15.

H2(g) + I2(g) 2 HI(g)

50,0 745 K.

3,00 mol H2 3,00 mol I2 745 K


10,0 dm3, HI?

c=________________ mol/dm3

(2 .)
16. - -
( ),

1,27 10-6 mol dm-3 s-1, -

4,13 10-5 mol dm-3. -


4,30 10-5 mol dm-3 3,96 10-5 mol dm-3 ?

t = _______________ s

(1 .)

17.
X : U(X) = 1340 kJ mol-1, U(X2) = 3840 kJ mol-1, U(X3) =
7020 kJ mol-1. : 360, 1236
2990 kJ mol-1. E 334 kJ mol-1.
( ).

) X X2 .

) X2 .

) X2 X3 X.

) X2 X3 .

) X3 X.

18. 0,892 g
1,425 g .
1,695 g
. .

___________________

19. , 50 m x 21 m, ,
2,0 m.
?

____________________
(1 . .)

20. ,

N2(g) + 3 H2(g) 2 NH3(g) Ho = 92,2 kJ/mol 25


(>), (<) (=),
(>), (<) (=),
.

) ( 25 )

K __________ K0 n(NH3) __________n0(NH3)

K __________ K0 n(NH3) __________n0(NH3)

K __________ K0 n(NH3) __________n0(NH3)


II

1. K = 1,5 x 10-3 1,5

m = 0,147 g 1,5

2. 3

3. 46,2 g 3

4. = - 0,5

= - 0,5

= - 0,5

= - 0,5

= - 0,5

= (II)- 0,5

5. 0,0945 mol/dm3 3

6. = Al3+ 0,6

= l(OH)2+ 0,6

= l(OH)2+ 0,6

= l(OH)3 0,6

= l(OH)4- 0,6

7. 1,952 mol/dm3 3

8. 1,45 x 10-2 mol/dm3 3

9. 2 3

10. 3

11. a) 13,2 % 1,5

) 26,5 % 1,5

12. 6,61 10-7 mol/dm3 3

13. 6 3
14. 24 % 3

15. 0,47 mol/dm3 3

16. 2,7 s 3

17. a, 3

18. SnCl2 3

19. 7,0 x 1031 3

20. a) K = K0 n(NH3) > n0(NH3) 0,5 + 0,5

) K < K0 n(NH3) < n0(NH3) 0,5 + 0,5

) K = K0 n(NH3) < n0(NH3) 0,5 + 0,5