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Census 2016: highlights from latest report on Canadian income levels

The Canadian Press Posted: Sep 13, 2017 10:11 AM ET Last Updated: Sep 13, 2017 11:27 AM ET

Highlights from Statistics Canada's latest release Wednesday of census data, this one focused on
Canadian income levels:

Income trends
The median total income of Canadian households reached $70,336 in 2015, a 10.8 per cent increase
from $63,457 in 2005.
The Northwest Territories had the highest median income in Canada at $117,688, followed by
Nunavut at $97,441 and Alberta at $93,835. New Brunswick had the lowest at $59,347, followed by
Quebec at $59,822 and Nova Scotia at $60,764.

Fewer young kids, more seniors in low-income households: census

Working women bearing more of the breadwinning burden, 2016 census shows

Nearly 1.2 million children under 18, about 17 per cent of Canada's 6.8 million kids, lived in a
low-income household, comprising roughly one quarter of the 4.8 million people living under
low-income conditions in 2015.
Of children living with two parents, 11.2 per cent lived in low income households, while that increased
to 38.9 per cent in households with one parent; for those living with their mother, the low-income rate
was 42 per cent, but 25.5 per cent for those living with their father.
Despite the second-lowest median income level in Canada, Quebec (14.3 per cent) was second only
to Alberta (12.8 per cent) in having the lowest percentage of children in low-income households,
thanks to lower child care costs and richer child benefits than elsewhere.
Nova Scotia and New Brunswick reported the highest percentage of children in low-income
households at 22.2 per cent; Alberta had the lowest at 12.8 per cent.

Savings
Of Canada's 14 million households, 65.2 per cent contributed to one of either a registered pension
plan, a registered retirement savings plan or a tax-free savings account. About 30 per cent contributed
to more than one, and 9.3 per cent to all three.

Couples' income
Nearly 96 per cent of Canada's 8.2 million married or common-law couples saw both spouses report
income in 2015, significantly more than about two-thirds of couples in the mid-1970s. Of those, 32
per cent were earning roughly the same income, compared to 20.6 per cent in 1985.
Same-sex couples continue to report a higher median income men at $100,707, women at
$92,857 than opposite-sex couples at $87,605. More than 12 per cent of male couples reported
incomes of more than $200,000, compared with 7.5 per cent of female couples and 8.4 per cent for
opposite-sex couples.

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Census 2016: highlights from latest report on Canadian income levels - Pol... http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/statistics-canada-census-2016-income-hi...

Regional differences
Fuelled by strong commodity prices, Nunavut and Saskatchewan saw median income grow 36.7 per
cent and 36.5 per cent, respectively, between 2005 and 2015. Newfoundland and Labrador, the
Northwest Territories, Alberta and Manitoba also grew by more than 20 per cent.
A struggling manufacturing sector held median income growth in Ontario and Quebec to just 3.8 per
cent and 8.9 per cent, respectively.

65% of Canadians are saving for retirement, census shows

2016 census: Highlights of latest data on language, marital status, households

The Canadian Press, 2017

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