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University Old Question papers

SPPU

DEC 2013

a). Draw a histogram for the following data

Wages in 0-10 10-20 20-30 30-40 40-50 50-60


00 Rs
No. of 2 4 11 15 25 18
Workers
Also find mode from the graph

OR

b) i). A die is thrown 120 times and frequencies for various faces are as follows.

Face No 1 2 3 4 5 6
Frequency 10 15 25 25 18 27
Given Chi square calculated -11.40
Chi square at 0.05 ( 5 d.f)=11.070 [5] Marks
Comment on Whether the die was fair

Solution

To test that the given die is fair or not

Step 1

Ho : The die is fair / The die is unbiased

Step 2

Ha : The die is not fair / The die is biased

Step 3 -Level of Significance =0.5

Step 4 : Data Collected

Face No 1 2 3 4 5 6
Frequency 10 15 25 25 18 27

Step 5 :

Test statistics Computed is: 11.40

Step 6:

It is given that tabulated value or critical value at 5% level of Significance at 5 (6-1) degrees
of freedom is 11.07
Step 7

Decision rule:

If calculated value of chi square is less than the critical value it means that is in
the acceptance region. It implies that null hypothesis is accepted

If calculated value of chi square is greater than the critical value it falls in the
rejection region. It implies that null hypothesis is rejected and alternative hypothesis is
accepted.

In this case calculated chi square value is 11.4 which is greater than 11.07. It falls in the
rejection region. Hence we reject null hypothesis and accept alternative hypothesis.

Step 8

Inference of the experiment is that Die is not fair / Die is biased at 5% level of Significance.

b). For a sample of 400 students are found to have a mean height of 171.38cms. Can it be
reasonably regarded as a sample from a large population with mean height 171.17 cms and
standard deviation 3.30 cms.

Given Z =1.27 (calculated) < 1.96 (tabulated)

Solution

To test whether the sample drawn can be regarded from the population of mean height
171.17cms and Standard deviation 3.30 cms

Step 1

Ho : =171.17

Step 2

Ha : : 171.17

Step 3 -Level of Significance =0.5

Step 4 : Data Collected for 400 students and found X = 171.38

Step 5 :

Test statistics Computed is: 1.27

Step 6:

It is given that tabulated value or critical value at 5% level of Significance is 1.96


Step 7

Decision rule:

If calculated Z value is less than the critical value it means that is in the
acceptance region. It implies that null hypothesis is accepted

If calculated Z value is greater than the critical value it falls in the rejection
region. It implies that null hypothesis is rejected and alternative hypothesis is accepted.

In this case calculated Z is 1.27 which is less than critical value 1.96. It falls in the acceptance
region. Hence we accept null hypothesis and reject alternative hypothesis.

Step 8

The sample drawn can be regarded from the population of mean height 171.17cms with
standard deviation 3.30 cms at 5% level of significance.

May 2014
a).Let the national income of a country for the years 2000-01 and 2001-02 at current prices be
Rs 80650, 90010 & 90530 crores of rupees respectively and per capita income for these years
be 1050,1056 and 1067 rupees. The corresponding figures of national income and per capita
income at 1999-2000 prices for the above years were 80650, 80820 and 80850 crores of
rupees and 1050,1051,1048 respectively. Present the data in the table.

Summary of National Income and Percapita Income of a country for the period 1999-
2002

Particulars National Income Percapita Income


Current prices 1999-2000 Current prices 1999-2000
Prices prices
2001-2002 90530 80850 1067 1048
2000-2001 90010 80820 1056 1051
1999-2000 80650 80650 1050 1050

OR

b).Consider the following marks obtained by 20 students in a business statistics test

64 89 63 61 78 87 74 72 54 88
62 81 78 73 63 56 83 86 83 93

Construct a stem and leaf diagram for these marks to assess class performance & Describe ths
shape of these data.

Solution

Arrange the data in the ascending order.

54 56 61 62 63 63 64 72 73 74
78 78 81 83 83 86 87 88 89 93

Stem Leaf Node Total


5 4 ,6 2
6 1,2,3,3.4 5
7 2,3,4,8,8 5
8 1,3,3,6,7,8,9 7
9 3 1
Total 20

DEC 2014

Draw a histogram for the following data

Salary in 30-40 40-50 50-60 60-70 70-80 80-90 90-100


(00 Rs)
No of 20 30 60 75 115 100 60
Employees
Also find the mode from the Graph.

Answer Mode is 77

b). i). The demand for a particular spare part in factory was found to vary from day to day. In
a sample study the following information was obtained. [05]

Day Mon Tues Wed Thurs Fri Sat


No of parts 1124 1125 1110 1120 1126 1115
demanded

Test the hypothesis that the number of parts demanded does not depend on the day of the
week. Given chi square calculated =0.179. Chi square at 0.05 ( 5 d.f) =11.07

Comment on whether hypothesis is true or false with justification


Solution

To test whether the demand of the particular spare part depends on the day of the week.

Step 1

Ho : The demand of the particular spare part is uniformly distributed

Step 2

Ha : The demand of the particular spare part is not uniformly distributed

Step 3 -Level of Significance =0.5

Step 4 : Data Collected

Day Mon Tues Wed Thurs Fri Sat


No of parts 1124 1125 1110 1120 1126 1115
demanded

Step 5 :

Test statistics Computed is: 0.179

Step 6:

It is given that tabulated value or critical value at 5% level of Significance at 5 (6-1) degrees
of freedom is 11.07

Step 7

Decision rule:

If calculated value of chi square is less than the critical value it means that is in
the acceptance region. It implies that null hypothesis is accepted

If calculated value of chi square is greater than the critical value it falls in the
rejection region. It implies that null hypothesis is rejected and alternative hypothesis is
accepted.

In this case calculated chi square is 0.179 which is less than the critical value 11.07. It falls in
the acceptance region. Hence we accept null hypothesis and reject alternative hypothesis.

Step 8

Inference of the experiment is that the demand of the spare part is uniformly distributed at 5%
level of significance.

ii).Explain in detail the structure of the research report.


May 2015

a).Draw a histogram for the following data

Profit in 10-20 20-30 30-40 40-50 50-60 60-70


(00 Rs)
No of 10 14 24 21 19 14
Companies
Also find the mode from the Graph.

OR

b). i). The demand for a particular spare part in factory was found to vary from day to day. In
a sample study the following information was obtained. [05]

Day Mon Tues Wed Thurs Fri Sat


No of parts 1124 1125 1110 1120 1126 1115
demanded

Test the hypothesis that the number of parts demanded does not depend on the day of the
week. Given chi square calculated =0.179. Chi square at 0.05 ( 5 d.f) =11.07

Comment on whether hypothesis is true or false with justification

ii).Explain in detail the structure of the research report.

DEC 2015

a). The monthly profit ( in Rs) of 100 shops are distributed are as follows. Draw a histogram
for the following data

Profit per 0-100 100-200 200-300 300-400 400-500 500-600


shop
No of 12 18 27 20 17 06
shops
Determine the mode of the distribution graphically.

OR

b) i). Explain the characteristics of Good Research Report [5


]

ii). Explain the structure of Research Report [ 5]

May 2016
a). The monthly profit ( in Rs) of 100 shops are distributed are as follows. Draw a histogram
for the following data

Profit per 0-100 100-200 200-300 300-400 400-500 500-600


shop
No of 12 18 27 20 17 06
shops
Determine the mode of the distribution graphically.

OR

b) i). An automatic machine is designed to fill tins with 2Kg of oil with a standard deviation
0.1 Kg. A sample of 100 tins was examined and the average weight was found to be 1.94 Kg.
Can we say that the machine is working properly. Given z=0.6 (calculated) at 5% level of
Significance. Table value / critical value is 1.96 at 5% level of significance. [5]

Solution

To test whether the machine is working properly

Step 1

Ho : = 2 Kg

Step 2

Ha : : 2 Kg

Step 3 -Level of Significance =0.5

Step 4 : Data Collected for 100 students and found X = 1.94 Kg

Step 5 :

Test statistics Computed is: 1.06

Step 6:

It is given that tabulated value or critical value at 5% level of Significance is 1.96

Step 7

Decision rule:

If calculated Z value is less than the critical value it means that is in the
acceptance region. It implies that null hypothesis is accepted

If calculated Z value is greater than the critical value it falls in the rejection
region. It implies that null hypothesis is rejected and alternative hypothesis is accepted.
In this case calculated Z is 1.06 which is less than critical value 1.96. It falls in the acceptance
region. Hence we accept null hypothesis and reject alternative hypothesis.

Step 8

The sample drawn can be regarded from the population of mean weight of 2 Kg. It infers that
the machine is working properly at 5% level of significance.

ii). Explain the characteristics of good Research Report [5]

Dec 2016

New Pattern 2016


Dec 2016

Solution

To test whether there is association between the internet access and the purchasing intention
of cellular phone

Step 1
Ho : There is no association between the internet access and the purchasing intention of
cellular phone

Step 2

Ha : There is an association between the internet access and the purchasing intention of
cellular phone

Step 3 -Level of Significance =0.5

Step 4 : Data Collected

Step 5 :

Test statistics Computed is: 72

Step 6:

It is given that tabulated value or critical value at 5% level of Significance at 1 degree of


freedom is 3.84

Step 7

Decision rule:

If calculated value of chi square is less than the critical value it means that is in
the acceptance region. It implies that null hypothesis is accepted

If calculated value of chi square is greater than the critical value it falls in the
rejection region. It implies that null hypothesis is rejected and alternative hypothesis is
accepted.

In this case calculated chi square is 72 which is greater than the critical value 3.84. It falls in
the rejection region. Hence we reject null hypothesis and accept alternative hypothesis.

Step 8

Inference of the experiment is that there is association between the internet access and the
purchasing intention of cellular phones at 5% level of significance.
Multiple Choice Questions

1) Which analysis is related with descriptive analysis?


a) Univariate Analysis
b) Bivariate Analysis
c) Multivariate Analysis
d) All of the above

2) Involves the orderly and systematic representation of numerical data in a form designed to
elucidate the problem under consideration
a) Coding
b) Classification
c) Editing
d) Tabulation

3) Which frequency expresses the number of items in an interval as a proportion or fraction


of the total number of items in the data set?
a) Relative frequency
b) Percentage Frequency
c) Cumulative frequency
d) None of the above

4) Which steps involves in processing operations of data after collection of data?


a) Coding
b) Classification
c) Editing
d) Tabulation

5) Which is type of frequency distribution?


a) Continuous or grouped frequency distribution
b) Discrete or ungrouped frequency distribution
c) Cumulative Frequency Distribution
d) All of the above

6) One where measurements are only approximations and are expressed in class intervals ie
within certain limits is
a) Continuous Frequency Distribution
b) Discrete Frequency Distribution
c) Cumulative Frequency Distribution
d) All of these Frequency Distribution

7) In which Graphical Representation, way of preparing a two-dimensional diagram is in the


form of circles?
a) Pie Chart
b) Histogram
c) Candle Stick
d) None of the above

8) In which analysis, when there is a single measurement of each of the n sample objects or
where there are several measurements of each of the n observations but each variable is
analysed in isolation?
a) Univariate Analysis
b) Bivariate Analysis
c) Multivariate Analysis
d) None of these

9) If a group of N observations is arranged in ascending or descending order of magnitude,


then the middle value is called
a) Mean
b) Median
c) Mode
d) None of these

10) Which is the type of correlation on the basis of number of variables?


a) Positive correlation
b) Multiple correlation
c) Linear Correlation
d) Non-linear Correlation

11) Which characteristics come under Karl Pearsons Coefficient of Correlation?


a) Does not tell anything about cause-and-effect relationship
b) Independent of change of origin and scale
c) Varies between -1 and +1
d) All of the above

12) If one knows that the yield and rainfall are closely related then one want to know the
amount of rain required to achieve a certain production. For this purpose we use analysis
a) Regression Analysis
b) Coefficient of Correlation
c) Scatter Plots/Diagram
d) None of these

13) When two attributes are present or absent together in the data and actual frequency is
more than the expected frequency is called
a) a).Positive Association
b) b).Negative Association
c) c).Independent Association
d) d). None of these

14) Which is test of significance of means for small sample ?


a) t- test
b) z-test
c) F-test
d) Q-test
15)Which test is the part of the parametric test?
a) Sign Test
b) Run Test for Randomness
c) Kruskal-Willis Test
d) z-test

16) . Analysis is a mathematical tool which is used to describe the degree to which
one variable is linearly related to each other.
a) Regression
b) correlation
c) variance
d) none of these

17) Which analysis comes under inferential analysis?


a) Univariate Analysis
b) Bivariate Analysis
c) Multivariate Analysis
d) Hypothesis Testing

18) The procedure of classifying the answers to a question into meaningful categories is
called
a) Coding
b) Classification
c) Editing
d) Tabulation

19) Which of the following constitute the essential elements of coding?


a) Mutually exclusive
b) Single Dimension
c) Code Sheet
d) all of these

20) Which among the following is type of frequency?


a) Relative frequency
b) Percentage frequency
c) Cumulative frequency
d) All of the above

21) A bar chart or graph showing the frequency of occurrence of each value of the variable
being analysed is called
a) Bar Chart
b) Histogram
c) Candle stick
d) None of these

22) A chart is a style of bar-chart used primary to describe price movements of a security,
derivative, or currency over time is called
a) Leaf and stem
b) Histogram
c) Candle Stick
d) Bar chart

23) A group of observations is the quotient obtained by dividing the sum of all the
observations by their number, is called
a) Mean
b) Median
c) Mode
d) None of these

24) Which analysis is the simultaneous analysis of two variables?


a) Univariate Analysis
b) Bivariate Analysis
c) Multivariate Analysis
d) None of these

25) Which Statistical tool comes under Bivariate Analysis ?


a) Linear Regression Analysis
b) Association of Attributes
c) Two-way ANOVA
d) All of the above

26) The assumption of normal distribution for the variable under consideration or some
assumption for a parametric test is not valid or is doubtful then we use
a) Parametric Test
b) Non-Parametric Test
c) Both Parametric Test and Non-Parametric Test
d) All of the above

27) What is abbreviation of ANOVA?


a) Analysis of variance
b) Analysis of variation
c) Analysis of variant
d) None of these

28 ). The smallest and the largest possible measurements in each class are known as
class.
(a) Boundaries
(b) interval
(c) limits
(d) mark

29). The value exactly at the middle of a class interval is called.


(a) Mid value
(b) class mark
(c) limits
(d) both (a) & (b)

30). The number of observations falling within a particular class interval is called its
class
a) Frequency
b) interval
c) limits
d) mark
31. includes letters, questionnaires, tests or other tools used in collecting the data.
(a) Appendix
(b) glossary
(c) literature cited
(d) bibliography
32. A .is an alphabetical listing of unfamiliar terms with their meaning used in the
thesis.
(a) Appendix
(b) glossary
(c) literature cited
(d) bibliography

33. .is a comprehensive listing of the works relevant to the study of the researcher.
(a) Appendix
(b) glossary
(c) literature cited
(d) bibliography
34. When a hypothesis relates to the cause and effect relationship of a phenomenon it is
called.
(a) Tentative
(b) descriptive
(c) explanatory
(d) hypothesis concerning law

35. Rejecting a true null hypothesis is committing a..


(a) type- I error
(b) type-II error
(c) type- III error
(d) sampling error
36. In testing of hypothesis, if the null hypothesis is rejected . Hypothesis is accepted
(a) Alternative
(b) relational
(c) new
(d) none of these
37.Population measurements are called
(a) Parameters
(b) statistics
(c) estimates
(d) hypotheses

38.Where the sample size is less than 30 .is used.


(a) F- test
(b)Z- test
(c) T- test
(d)U- test
39. Reporting means .through reports
(a) Asking
(b) answering
(c) communicating
(d) stating

40.The method helps to predict the unknown values of one variable from the known values of
another variable are called analysis.
(a) Correlation
(b) regression
(c) factor
(d) cluster

41. Is a measure of central tendency?


(a) Mean
(b) standard deviation
(c) mean deviation
(d) range

42.When the study is related with more than two variables, it is termed as
(a) bivariate
(b) multivariate
(c) casual
(d) unidimensional
43.If a table shows the relationship between two variables in a tabular form, it is called a
table
(a) Frequency
(b) simple
(c) complex
(d) contingency
44. What does it mean when you calculate a 95% confidence interval?
(a) The process you used will capture the true parameter 95% of the time in the long run
(b) You can be 95% confident that your interval will include the population parameter
(c) You can be 5% confident that your interval will not include the population
parameter
(d) All of the above statements are true
45. What is the median of the following set of scores? 18, 6, 12, 10, 14 ?
(a) 10
(b) 14
(c) 18
(d) 12

46 . The median is ______.


(a) The middle point
(b) The highest number
(c) The average
(d) Affected by extreme scores
47. The most frequently occurring number in a set of values is called the ____.
(a) Mean
(b) Median
(c) Mode
(d) Range

48. As a general rule, the _______ is the best measure of central tendency because it is more
precise.
(a) Mean
(b) Median
(c) Mode
(d) Range

49. The standard deviation is:

(a) The square root of the variance


(b) A measure of variability
(c) An approximate indicator of how numbers vary from the mean
(d) All of the above

50. statistics is used to describe the basic features of the data in a study.

(a) Descriptive
(b) business
(c) inferential
(d) none of these