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SPPU

DEC 2013

00 Rs

No. of 2 4 11 15 25 18

Workers

Also find mode from the graph

OR

b) i). A die is thrown 120 times and frequencies for various faces are as follows.

Face No 1 2 3 4 5 6

Frequency 10 15 25 25 18 27

Given Chi square calculated -11.40

Chi square at 0.05 ( 5 d.f)=11.070 [5] Marks

Comment on Whether the die was fair

Solution

Step 1

Step 2

Face No 1 2 3 4 5 6

Frequency 10 15 25 25 18 27

Step 5 :

Step 6:

It is given that tabulated value or critical value at 5% level of Significance at 5 (6-1) degrees

of freedom is 11.07

Step 7

Decision rule:

If calculated value of chi square is less than the critical value it means that is in

the acceptance region. It implies that null hypothesis is accepted

If calculated value of chi square is greater than the critical value it falls in the

rejection region. It implies that null hypothesis is rejected and alternative hypothesis is

accepted.

In this case calculated chi square value is 11.4 which is greater than 11.07. It falls in the

rejection region. Hence we reject null hypothesis and accept alternative hypothesis.

Step 8

Inference of the experiment is that Die is not fair / Die is biased at 5% level of Significance.

b). For a sample of 400 students are found to have a mean height of 171.38cms. Can it be

reasonably regarded as a sample from a large population with mean height 171.17 cms and

standard deviation 3.30 cms.

Solution

To test whether the sample drawn can be regarded from the population of mean height

171.17cms and Standard deviation 3.30 cms

Step 1

Ho : =171.17

Step 2

Ha : : 171.17

Step 5 :

Step 6:

Step 7

Decision rule:

If calculated Z value is less than the critical value it means that is in the

acceptance region. It implies that null hypothesis is accepted

If calculated Z value is greater than the critical value it falls in the rejection

region. It implies that null hypothesis is rejected and alternative hypothesis is accepted.

In this case calculated Z is 1.27 which is less than critical value 1.96. It falls in the acceptance

region. Hence we accept null hypothesis and reject alternative hypothesis.

Step 8

The sample drawn can be regarded from the population of mean height 171.17cms with

standard deviation 3.30 cms at 5% level of significance.

May 2014

a).Let the national income of a country for the years 2000-01 and 2001-02 at current prices be

Rs 80650, 90010 & 90530 crores of rupees respectively and per capita income for these years

be 1050,1056 and 1067 rupees. The corresponding figures of national income and per capita

income at 1999-2000 prices for the above years were 80650, 80820 and 80850 crores of

rupees and 1050,1051,1048 respectively. Present the data in the table.

Summary of National Income and Percapita Income of a country for the period 1999-

2002

Current prices 1999-2000 Current prices 1999-2000

Prices prices

2001-2002 90530 80850 1067 1048

2000-2001 90010 80820 1056 1051

1999-2000 80650 80650 1050 1050

OR

64 89 63 61 78 87 74 72 54 88

62 81 78 73 63 56 83 86 83 93

Construct a stem and leaf diagram for these marks to assess class performance & Describe ths

shape of these data.

Solution

54 56 61 62 63 63 64 72 73 74

78 78 81 83 83 86 87 88 89 93

5 4 ,6 2

6 1,2,3,3.4 5

7 2,3,4,8,8 5

8 1,3,3,6,7,8,9 7

9 3 1

Total 20

DEC 2014

(00 Rs)

No of 20 30 60 75 115 100 60

Employees

Also find the mode from the Graph.

Answer Mode is 77

b). i). The demand for a particular spare part in factory was found to vary from day to day. In

a sample study the following information was obtained. [05]

No of parts 1124 1125 1110 1120 1126 1115

demanded

Test the hypothesis that the number of parts demanded does not depend on the day of the

week. Given chi square calculated =0.179. Chi square at 0.05 ( 5 d.f) =11.07

Solution

To test whether the demand of the particular spare part depends on the day of the week.

Step 1

Step 2

No of parts 1124 1125 1110 1120 1126 1115

demanded

Step 5 :

Step 6:

It is given that tabulated value or critical value at 5% level of Significance at 5 (6-1) degrees

of freedom is 11.07

Step 7

Decision rule:

If calculated value of chi square is less than the critical value it means that is in

the acceptance region. It implies that null hypothesis is accepted

If calculated value of chi square is greater than the critical value it falls in the

rejection region. It implies that null hypothesis is rejected and alternative hypothesis is

accepted.

In this case calculated chi square is 0.179 which is less than the critical value 11.07. It falls in

the acceptance region. Hence we accept null hypothesis and reject alternative hypothesis.

Step 8

Inference of the experiment is that the demand of the spare part is uniformly distributed at 5%

level of significance.

May 2015

(00 Rs)

No of 10 14 24 21 19 14

Companies

Also find the mode from the Graph.

OR

b). i). The demand for a particular spare part in factory was found to vary from day to day. In

a sample study the following information was obtained. [05]

No of parts 1124 1125 1110 1120 1126 1115

demanded

Test the hypothesis that the number of parts demanded does not depend on the day of the

week. Given chi square calculated =0.179. Chi square at 0.05 ( 5 d.f) =11.07

DEC 2015

a). The monthly profit ( in Rs) of 100 shops are distributed are as follows. Draw a histogram

for the following data

shop

No of 12 18 27 20 17 06

shops

Determine the mode of the distribution graphically.

OR

]

May 2016

a). The monthly profit ( in Rs) of 100 shops are distributed are as follows. Draw a histogram

for the following data

shop

No of 12 18 27 20 17 06

shops

Determine the mode of the distribution graphically.

OR

b) i). An automatic machine is designed to fill tins with 2Kg of oil with a standard deviation

0.1 Kg. A sample of 100 tins was examined and the average weight was found to be 1.94 Kg.

Can we say that the machine is working properly. Given z=0.6 (calculated) at 5% level of

Significance. Table value / critical value is 1.96 at 5% level of significance. [5]

Solution

Step 1

Ho : = 2 Kg

Step 2

Ha : : 2 Kg

Step 5 :

Step 6:

Step 7

Decision rule:

If calculated Z value is less than the critical value it means that is in the

acceptance region. It implies that null hypothesis is accepted

If calculated Z value is greater than the critical value it falls in the rejection

region. It implies that null hypothesis is rejected and alternative hypothesis is accepted.

In this case calculated Z is 1.06 which is less than critical value 1.96. It falls in the acceptance

region. Hence we accept null hypothesis and reject alternative hypothesis.

Step 8

The sample drawn can be regarded from the population of mean weight of 2 Kg. It infers that

the machine is working properly at 5% level of significance.

Dec 2016

Dec 2016

Solution

To test whether there is association between the internet access and the purchasing intention

of cellular phone

Step 1

Ho : There is no association between the internet access and the purchasing intention of

cellular phone

Step 2

Ha : There is an association between the internet access and the purchasing intention of

cellular phone

Step 5 :

Step 6:

freedom is 3.84

Step 7

Decision rule:

If calculated value of chi square is less than the critical value it means that is in

the acceptance region. It implies that null hypothesis is accepted

If calculated value of chi square is greater than the critical value it falls in the

rejection region. It implies that null hypothesis is rejected and alternative hypothesis is

accepted.

In this case calculated chi square is 72 which is greater than the critical value 3.84. It falls in

the rejection region. Hence we reject null hypothesis and accept alternative hypothesis.

Step 8

Inference of the experiment is that there is association between the internet access and the

purchasing intention of cellular phones at 5% level of significance.

Multiple Choice Questions

a) Univariate Analysis

b) Bivariate Analysis

c) Multivariate Analysis

d) All of the above

2) Involves the orderly and systematic representation of numerical data in a form designed to

elucidate the problem under consideration

a) Coding

b) Classification

c) Editing

d) Tabulation

of the total number of items in the data set?

a) Relative frequency

b) Percentage Frequency

c) Cumulative frequency

d) None of the above

a) Coding

b) Classification

c) Editing

d) Tabulation

a) Continuous or grouped frequency distribution

b) Discrete or ungrouped frequency distribution

c) Cumulative Frequency Distribution

d) All of the above

6) One where measurements are only approximations and are expressed in class intervals ie

within certain limits is

a) Continuous Frequency Distribution

b) Discrete Frequency Distribution

c) Cumulative Frequency Distribution

d) All of these Frequency Distribution

form of circles?

a) Pie Chart

b) Histogram

c) Candle Stick

d) None of the above

8) In which analysis, when there is a single measurement of each of the n sample objects or

where there are several measurements of each of the n observations but each variable is

analysed in isolation?

a) Univariate Analysis

b) Bivariate Analysis

c) Multivariate Analysis

d) None of these

then the middle value is called

a) Mean

b) Median

c) Mode

d) None of these

a) Positive correlation

b) Multiple correlation

c) Linear Correlation

d) Non-linear Correlation

a) Does not tell anything about cause-and-effect relationship

b) Independent of change of origin and scale

c) Varies between -1 and +1

d) All of the above

12) If one knows that the yield and rainfall are closely related then one want to know the

amount of rain required to achieve a certain production. For this purpose we use analysis

a) Regression Analysis

b) Coefficient of Correlation

c) Scatter Plots/Diagram

d) None of these

13) When two attributes are present or absent together in the data and actual frequency is

more than the expected frequency is called

a) a).Positive Association

b) b).Negative Association

c) c).Independent Association

d) d). None of these

a) t- test

b) z-test

c) F-test

d) Q-test

15)Which test is the part of the parametric test?

a) Sign Test

b) Run Test for Randomness

c) Kruskal-Willis Test

d) z-test

16) . Analysis is a mathematical tool which is used to describe the degree to which

one variable is linearly related to each other.

a) Regression

b) correlation

c) variance

d) none of these

a) Univariate Analysis

b) Bivariate Analysis

c) Multivariate Analysis

d) Hypothesis Testing

18) The procedure of classifying the answers to a question into meaningful categories is

called

a) Coding

b) Classification

c) Editing

d) Tabulation

a) Mutually exclusive

b) Single Dimension

c) Code Sheet

d) all of these

a) Relative frequency

b) Percentage frequency

c) Cumulative frequency

d) All of the above

21) A bar chart or graph showing the frequency of occurrence of each value of the variable

being analysed is called

a) Bar Chart

b) Histogram

c) Candle stick

d) None of these

22) A chart is a style of bar-chart used primary to describe price movements of a security,

derivative, or currency over time is called

a) Leaf and stem

b) Histogram

c) Candle Stick

d) Bar chart

23) A group of observations is the quotient obtained by dividing the sum of all the

observations by their number, is called

a) Mean

b) Median

c) Mode

d) None of these

a) Univariate Analysis

b) Bivariate Analysis

c) Multivariate Analysis

d) None of these

a) Linear Regression Analysis

b) Association of Attributes

c) Two-way ANOVA

d) All of the above

26) The assumption of normal distribution for the variable under consideration or some

assumption for a parametric test is not valid or is doubtful then we use

a) Parametric Test

b) Non-Parametric Test

c) Both Parametric Test and Non-Parametric Test

d) All of the above

a) Analysis of variance

b) Analysis of variation

c) Analysis of variant

d) None of these

28 ). The smallest and the largest possible measurements in each class are known as

class.

(a) Boundaries

(b) interval

(c) limits

(d) mark

(a) Mid value

(b) class mark

(c) limits

(d) both (a) & (b)

30). The number of observations falling within a particular class interval is called its

class

a) Frequency

b) interval

c) limits

d) mark

31. includes letters, questionnaires, tests or other tools used in collecting the data.

(a) Appendix

(b) glossary

(c) literature cited

(d) bibliography

32. A .is an alphabetical listing of unfamiliar terms with their meaning used in the

thesis.

(a) Appendix

(b) glossary

(c) literature cited

(d) bibliography

33. .is a comprehensive listing of the works relevant to the study of the researcher.

(a) Appendix

(b) glossary

(c) literature cited

(d) bibliography

34. When a hypothesis relates to the cause and effect relationship of a phenomenon it is

called.

(a) Tentative

(b) descriptive

(c) explanatory

(d) hypothesis concerning law

(a) type- I error

(b) type-II error

(c) type- III error

(d) sampling error

36. In testing of hypothesis, if the null hypothesis is rejected . Hypothesis is accepted

(a) Alternative

(b) relational

(c) new

(d) none of these

37.Population measurements are called

(a) Parameters

(b) statistics

(c) estimates

(d) hypotheses

(a) F- test

(b)Z- test

(c) T- test

(d)U- test

39. Reporting means .through reports

(a) Asking

(b) answering

(c) communicating

(d) stating

40.The method helps to predict the unknown values of one variable from the known values of

another variable are called analysis.

(a) Correlation

(b) regression

(c) factor

(d) cluster

(a) Mean

(b) standard deviation

(c) mean deviation

(d) range

42.When the study is related with more than two variables, it is termed as

(a) bivariate

(b) multivariate

(c) casual

(d) unidimensional

43.If a table shows the relationship between two variables in a tabular form, it is called a

table

(a) Frequency

(b) simple

(c) complex

(d) contingency

44. What does it mean when you calculate a 95% confidence interval?

(a) The process you used will capture the true parameter 95% of the time in the long run

(b) You can be 95% confident that your interval will include the population parameter

(c) You can be 5% confident that your interval will not include the population

parameter

(d) All of the above statements are true

45. What is the median of the following set of scores? 18, 6, 12, 10, 14 ?

(a) 10

(b) 14

(c) 18

(d) 12

(a) The middle point

(b) The highest number

(c) The average

(d) Affected by extreme scores

47. The most frequently occurring number in a set of values is called the ____.

(a) Mean

(b) Median

(c) Mode

(d) Range

48. As a general rule, the _______ is the best measure of central tendency because it is more

precise.

(a) Mean

(b) Median

(c) Mode

(d) Range

(b) A measure of variability

(c) An approximate indicator of how numbers vary from the mean

(d) All of the above

50. statistics is used to describe the basic features of the data in a study.

(a) Descriptive

(b) business

(c) inferential

(d) none of these

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