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Southeast Asian Mathematics Education Journal

2017, Vol. 7 No. 2, 41-52

A Learning Trajectory of Indonesian 12-years Old Students


Understanding of Division of Fractions

Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Surabaya State University


achmad.nizar@gmail.com
amin3105@yahoo.com
gung_lukito@yahoo.co.id

16:1/2 = 32 25/36:5 = 5/36 24/64:1/2 = 6/8 15/2:3/4 = 10

Keywords:

Introduction
A Learning Trajectory of Indonesian 12-years Old Students Understanding of Division of Fractions

Theoretical Framework

Division of Fractions

4:1/2
8/3:4
20

20 2½ p/q r/s
p/q r/s

Learning Trajectory
Achmad Nizar, Siti Maghfirotun Amin, & Agung Lukito

Method

Student Selection

Data Collection

Teaching Episodes

Table 1.
A Learning Trajectory of Indonesian 12-years Old Students Understanding of Division of Fractions

Results

Designing the Initial and Revised HLT

Teaching Experimental Phase

Activity 1

Problem 1

Figure 1.

1 32
Achmad Nizar, Siti Maghfirotun Amin, & Agung Lukito

16:1/2
16

1 16
2 32 16:1/2 32

Activity 2

Problem 2

Figure 2.

25/36

25/36
A Learning Trajectory of Indonesian 12-years Old Students Understanding of Division of Fractions

5/36
5/36

25/36:5/1 = 5/36
5
25 5
36
36 1

Activity 3

Problem 3

Figure 3.
Achmad Nizar, Siti Maghfirotun Amin, & Agung Lukito

8×8
8×9 8
8

1/2 2
1/2

24/64
24
24 64

3/4

6/8 3/4

16:1/2 = 32 25/36:5/1 = 5/36 24/64:1/2 = 6/8

Activity 4
A Learning Trajectory of Indonesian 12-years Old Students Understanding of Division of Fractions

Problem 4

Figure 4.

3/4 15/2
3/4

3/4
3/4
3/4 3 4

1/4 5/2 1/4


5/2 15/2:3 = 5/2 15/2:3/1 = 5/2
3/4
15/2 3 15:3 =
5 = 5/2 15/2 15 1/2
15 3 1/2 5/2

3/4 15/2
1/4 5/2 10

1/4

20/2
Achmad Nizar, Siti Maghfirotun Amin, & Agung Lukito

1/4
15/2 5/2 15+5 = 20
15/2 5/2
15 5 1/ 15 5
1/2 20/2

1/4 5/2 4 10

5/2

4 20/2

Conclusion

Dividing Integer by Proper Fraction

12:1/2
16:1/2

Dividing Proper Fraction by Integer

25/36:5
25/36
25/36:5 25 1/36
1/3 25/36:5

Dividing Two Proper Fractions

8/64:1/
24/64: 1/2
A Learning Trajectory of Indonesian 12-years Old Students Understanding of Division of Fractions

8/64 1/4

Dividing Two Fractions

15/2:3/4

15/2 3/4

References

Teaching multiplication and division realistically in Indonesia primary


schools: A prototype of local instructional theory

Mathematics Teaching in the Middle School, 15


Creating opportunities for students to reinvent mathematics

Mathematical Thinking and Learning, 6

Mathematics Teaching in the Middle School, 12


Pembelajaran pembagian pecahan di SD dengan menggunakan
pendekatan konkrit dan semikonkrit

The conceptual understanding of


fractions as part of a set among year 5 students

Forum Penelitian Kependidikan, 8


Achmad Nizar, Siti Maghfirotun Amin, & Agung Lukito

Mathematical
Thinking and Learning, 6

The psychology of learning mathematics

Studies in Educational Evaluation, 24

Learning the concepts of area and perimeter by exploring their


relation
Reflecting on creativity and cognitive challenge: visual
representations and mathematics in early childhood - some evidence from research

Realistic mathematics education theory meets web technology


A Learning Trajectory of Indonesian 12-years Old Students Understanding of Division of Fractions

APPENDIX

Conjectured Learning and Thinking (CLT)

Sharing Biscuit

16 16

1/2
16
1 32 32

16:1/2
Sharing Remaining Chocolate Bar

25/36 25 1/36
1 25
1/36
25 1/36 5
5 5
1/36 5

5 1/36
5/36
Arranging Bedroom Mats

1/2

64

1/2
24/64

6
6/8 3/4
Running Around School Yard

15/2
1/4 5/2
1/4 4 1
3/4
15/2 1/3 = 5/2
10
15/2 3/4 5/2 1/4 15/2+5/2 = 20/2 = 10
5/2 1/4 4 5/2 4 = 20/2 = 10
5/2+5/2+5/2+5/2 = 20/2 = 10

15/2:3/4 = 10