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steady flow

1.These are simple abstract computational devices 10. If the process can be stopped at any stage and
intended to help investigate the reverse so that the system and
extent and limitations of what can be computed. surroundings restored to their initial states, it is known
Ans. Turing Machines
Ans. energyless process
2. It is a search technique inspired by biological and
evolutionary behavior utilizing 11. During a throttling process
a population of chromosomes that represents the
search space and determining Ans. enthalpy does not change
their fitness by a certain criterion.
12. Internal energy of a perfect gas depends on
Ans. Genetic Algorithm
Ans. temperature only
3. It recommends interference protection ratios (IPR)
for both analog and digital 13. When an object is in translational equilibrium, which
television in co-channel operation. of these statements in not
Ans. ITU-R BT.1368
Ans. the object must be stationary
4. A collision where both energy and momentum are
conserved 14. A friction force is a

Ans. Inelastic collision Ans. a contact force that acts parallel to contact
5. It is produced when a force is applied tangentially to
a surface area. 15. A family of compounds produced commercially by
chlorinating biphenyl.
Ans. Shear stress
Ans. Chemical structure of Polychlorinated Biphenyls
6. What happens to the temperature and thermal (PCBS)
energy of a substance during a
change of state? 16. The most straightforward model to describe the
disinfection process
Ans. The temperature of a substance remains constant,
while the thermal energy Ans. Chick’s Law
17. The relations between stresses that are compatible
7. Who was the first to make a wireless telegraph using with the deformations
the technology? produced by a specified load, plus the application of
Hooke’s law called,
Ans. Guglielmo Marconi
Ans. Equations of compatibility
8. The temperature at which the polymer experiences
the transition from rubbers to 18. Principle expresses the relation between the
rigid states. external forces applied to a system
of particles and the effective force of each particle of
Ans. Glass transition temperature the system called,
9. If all the variables of a stream are independent of the Ans. D’Alembert’s Principle
time it is said to be in
19. Experimental method of determining the Ans. Hierarchy of Human Needs
approximate molecular mass of vapors,
conveniently used in determining the molecular mass of 27. It is a regenerative thermodynamic power cycle
volatile liquid. using two isothermal and two
constant volume processes.
Ans. Victor Meyer’s method
Ans. Stirling cycle
20. What is equal to the change in angular momentum
if the angular impulsemomentum 28. The third law of thermodynamics is also known as:
for plane motion applies to the rotation effects caused
by the Ans. Nernst heat theorem
impressed forces?
29. A closed system that operates in cycles and
Ans. resultant angular exchanges only heat and work with
its surroundings is known as:
21. This effect is present whenever a body that rotates
about one of its axes also Ans. Heat engine or thermal engine
rotates about another axis not parallel to the first one.
30. ___ is the process by which the carbon content of
Ans. Gyroscope the steel is increased

22. What theorem states that the moment of a force is Ans. .Carburising
equivalent to the sum of the
moments of the components? 31. Hardening is always followed by _____ in order
relieve the residual stresses an improve the
Ans. Varignon Theorem ductility and toughness of the hardened steel

23. Dynamic phenomenon that takes place in a Ans. Tempering

molecule as a bonding occurs.
32. It is used for calculating the amount phases in any
Ans. Resonance two phase region of a binary phase diagram?

24. In Herzberg’s two-factor theory, what are the two Ans. Lever Rule
factors being identified?
33. The major effect of the Copper as an alloying
Ans. Growth and Maintenance, Content and Context element in steel is
and Motivators or Hygiene Factors
Ans. It improves its corrosion resistance
25. Which of the following is not true about perfect
34. It is a process used to eliminate cored structure in
an alloy?
a. Assurance of complete freedom in the part of both
Ans. Homogenisation
buyer and seller.
b. There is no restriction on additional suppliers
35. A hardness test that measured based on the depth
entering the market.
of indention and not on the surface area that
c. The buyer is at the complete mercy of the supplier in
lies on the principle that hardness varies inversely to
terms of availability
and price of the product. the depth of the penetration
d. both a and b
Ans. Rockwell Hardness Test

36. Hardness of a material may be defined based on the

26. A general theory of human motivation investigated
hardness testing method. The hardness
by Morshow which identifies
the levels of human needs.
that is indicated by the measure of the resistance b. To improve high temperature properties
offered by a material to plastic deformation is c. To increase wear resistance
_______ d. To improve malleability
Ans. Indention Hardness 45. The intermetallic compound iron carbide is called
37. ______ involves heating to a predetermined
temperature, holding at that temperature and then
Ans. Cementite
cooling at a very slow rate.
46. The purpose of tempering is ________
Ans. Annealing
Ans. relieves residual stresses and improves ductility
38. The principal source of information in the actual
process of autenite under non-equilibrium and toughness of the hardened steel
condition as a ______
47. In the Iron-Iron carbide diagram, the alloys
Ans. TTT Diagram containing solid phase with more that 2% carbon are
known as ______
39. Any steel heated to a particular temperature above
the critical temperature results in the Ans. Cast iron
formation of ______
48. In Quenching process, heat is removed in three
Ans. Austenite stages, in the first stage, the surface of the work
piece comes into contact with the quenchant. This stage
40. Additives are compounds which are added to a is called ________.
polymer to modify and improve certain
properties. Plasticizers are added to polymers in order Ans. Vapour Blanket Stage
to ___________.
49. Liquid iron starts solidifying at ___degC.
Ans. Improve its softness and flexibility
Ans. 1540degC
41. _____ is the combination of operation involving the
50. What theorem relates the line integral of a vector
heating of metal/alloy in solid state and
field around a simple closed curve C is in
cooling it to obtain the desired properties
IR3 to an integral over surface S for w/c C is the
Ans. Heat Treatment boundary?

42. The molecular chain structure is another factor Ans. Stokes Theorem
responsible for the strength and rigidity of
polymers. The chain structure where mer units are 51. It states that two images are just resoluable when
joined together end to end in a single chain is the center of diffraction disk of one is
called _______ directly over the first minimum in the diffraction
pattern of the other
Ans. Liners polymers
Ans. Rayleigh criterion
43. Cast iron that contains more than 4.3%C is known as
________ 52. What is the expression of the magnitude and
direction of the lattice distortion associated
Ans. Hypereutectiod Cast Iron with dislocation?

44. The following are the reasons why alloying elements Ans. Burgers Vector
are added to carbon steel except:
53. What is an impulse commutated inverter which
relies on LC circuit and on auxilary thyristor
a. Increase hardenability for commutation in the load circuit?
Ans. Auxiliary commutated inverter Ans. Class C

54. What is formed on the screen of cathode ray 63. _____ are nuclei with the same number of neutrons
oscilloscope when two sine wave voltages are N but different numbers of
simultaneously applied to the two sets of deflection protons Z.
Ans. Isotones
Ans. Lissajous pattern
64. Which of the following ionising radiation has no
55. It is a graph of a sample values plotted on the x-y mass and charge?
Ans. Gamma
Ans. Scatter diagram
65. In passive solar heating, longwave infrared radiation
56. A theorem which states that under very general
conditions, the distribution of the sum of a Ans. comes from the sun, passes through the window
large number of independent random variables is glass, and is changed
assymptotically normal, regardless of the to shortwave infrared when it is absorbed by light-
distribution of the individual variables. colored walls and
Ans. Central Limit Theorem

57. What is the unit of radiation which takes into

account its biological effects?

Ans. Millirem

58. How many million tons of hydrogen are converted

into helium every second at the sun?

Ans. 700 million tons

59. Who is called the father of modern science precisely

because he initiated the comparison
between theory and experiment?

Ans. Galileo

60. According to ________________, all objects radiate

energy, no matter what their
temperature happens to be.

Ans. Stefan – Boltzmann Law

61. Which of the following element does not belong to

the same group / family?

A. Carbon (C)
B. Copper (Cu)
C. Tin (Sn)
D. Lead (Pb)

62. Electrical fires are referred to as Class ____ fires