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Noise and Modulation

1. A portion in a communications system, 7. A 10 db pad has an output level of -3dBm.

which processes the information so that it The level at the input is:
will become suitable to the characteristic of a. 13 dBm
the transmission medium b. – 7 dBm
a. Encoder c. 1 dBm
b. Modulation d. 7 dBm
c. Transmitter
d. Multiplexer 8. A power level of 50 μW could be expressed
2. Signal whose physical quantity varies a. 1.69 dBm
continuously with time b. – 4.3 dBm
a. Digital c. 1 dBm
b. Analog d. – 13 dBm
c. Discrete
d. Information 9. A system having an input power of 2 mW an
output power of 0.8 mW has a loss of:
3. Digital information is processed with a a. 2.98 dBm
specified degree of b. 3.98 dB
a. Fidelity c. 3.98 μW
b. Accuracy d. 1.98 mW
c. Sensitivity
d. Correctness 10. Is the reduction of signal amplitude as it
passed over the transmission medium?
4. Indicate the voltage level in dB with a. Noise
reference to one volt. This unit is used in b. Distortion
video or TV measurement c. Attenuation
a. dBW d. Interface
b. dBk
c. dBm 11. Signal waveform perturbation or deviation
d. dBV caused by imperfect response of the system
to the desired signal
5. When the power ratio of the output to a. Noise
input of a circuit is 200. What is the gain in b. Aliasing
dB? c. Distortion
a. 23 d. Interference
b. 46
c. – 23 12. Signal attenuation can be corrected by
d. – 46 a. Filtering
b. Modulation
6. What is the reference level for random c. Equalization
noise measurement, FIA weighted? d. Amplification
a. – 82 dBm
b. – 90 dBm 13. Signal contamination by extraneous or
c. – 85 dBm external sources, such as, other
d. – 77 dBm transmitters, power lines and machinery.
a. Noise
b. Distortion exceeding certain amplitude. They are also
c. Harmonics called noise clippers.
d. Interference a. Noise floor
b. Noise filter
14. Which noise figure represents the lowest c. Noise limiter
noise? d. Noise clamper
a. 1.5 dB
b. 2.0 dB 20. Extra-terrestrial noise is observable at
c. 3.7 dB frequencies from
d. 4.1 dB a. 0 to 20 KHz
b. 8 Mhz to 1.43 GHz
15. Denote the interference of noise in dB c. 5 to 8 GHz
above an adjusted reference noise. The d. 15 to 60 MHz
adjusted reference noise level was a 1 kHz
tone, set at – 85 dBm 21. Which of the following is not true about
a. dBa AM?
b. dBm a. The carrier amplitude varies.
c. dBa0 b. The carrier frequency remains constant.
d. pWp c. The carrier frequency changes.
d. The information signal amplitude
16. A more precise evaluation of the quality of changes the carrier amplitude.
a receiver as far as noise is concerned.
a. S/N 22. Modulator circuit performs what
b. VSWR mathematical operation on its two inputs?
c. Noise factor a. Addition
d. Noise margin b. Multiplication
c. Division
17. Noise figure for an amplifier with noise is d. Square root
a. 0 dB 23. If m is greater than 1, what happens?
b. Infinite a. Normal operation
c. Less than 1 b. Carrier drops to zero
d. Greater than 1 c. Carrier frequency shifts
d. Information signal is distorted
18. A passive circuit, usually consisting of 24. The outline of the peaks of a carrier has the
capacitance and/or inductance, that is shape of the modulating signal and is called
inserted in series with the a-c power cord of the
an electronic device which allow the 60-Hz a. Trace
current to pass and suppressed high b. Waveshape
frequency noise components. c. Envelope
a. Noise filter d. Carrier variation
b. Noise limiter
c. Noise floor 25. The values of Vmax and Vmin as read from an
d. Noise quieting AM wave on an oscilloscope are 2.8 and
0.3. The percentage of the modulation is
19. A circuit often used in radio receivers that a. 10.7 percent
prevents externally generated noise from b. 41.4 percent
c. 80.6 percent
d. 93.3 percent c. 9 kHz
d. 18 kHz
26. A carrier of 880 kHz is modulated by a 3.5-
kHz sine wave. The LSB and USB are 32. An input signal of 1.8 MHz mixed with a
respectively, local oscillator of 5 MHz. A filter selects the
a. 873 and 887kHz difference signal. The output is
b. 876.5 and 883.5 kHz a. 1.8 MHz
c. 883.5 and 876.5 kHz b. 3.2 MHz
d. 887 and 873 kHz c. 5 MHz
d. 6.8 MHz
27. For 100 percent modulation, what
percentage of carrier power is in each 33. What is produced by over modulation in
sideband? AM?
a. 25 percent a. Sidebands
b. 33.3 percent b. Splatter
c. 50 percent c. Envelope
d. 100 percent d. Deviation

28. An AM signal has a carrier power of 5W. 34. The letter-number designation B8E is a form
The percentage of modulation is 80 of modulation also known as
percent. The total sideband power is a. Pilot-carrier system
a. 0.8 W b. Independent sideband emission
b. 1.6 W c. Lincompex
c. 2.5 W d. Vestigial sideband transmission
d. 4.0 W
35. The inputs to a balanced modulator are 1
29. An AM transmitter antenna current is MHz and a carrier of 1.5 MHz. The outputs
measured with no modulation and found to are
be 2.6 amperes. The percentage of a. 500 kHz
modulation is b. 2.5 Mhz
a. 35 percent c. 1.5 MHz
b. 70 percent d. Both a and b
c. 42 percent
d. 89 percent 36. A widely used balanced modulator is called
30. The typical audio modulating frequency a. Diode bridge circuit
range used in radio and telephone b. Full-wave bridge rectifier
communications is c. Lattice modulator
a. 50 Hz to 5 kHz d. Balanced bridge modulator
b. 50 Hz to 15 kHz
c. 100 Hz t 10 kHz 37. What is the third character in the emission
d. 300 Hz to 3 kHz designation for telephony?
a. F
31. An AM signal with a maximum modulating b. B
signal frequency of 4.5 kHz as a total c. D
bandwidth of d. E
a. 4.5 kHz
b. 6.75 kHz
38. A 100-MHz carrier is deviated 50 kHz by a 4- b. R3E
kHz signal c. J3E
a. 5 d. B8E
b. 8
c. 12.5 45. _____ is an electronic instrument used to
d. 20 show both the carrier and the sidebands of
a modulated signal in the frequency domain
39. The maximum deviation of an FM carrier is a. Spectrum analyzer
2 kHz by a maximum modulating signal of b. Oscilloscope
400 Hz. The deviation ratio is c. Digital counter
a. 0.2 d. Frequency counter
b. 5
c. 8 46. AM transmission power increases with
d. 40 _____
a. Frequency
40. The phenomenon of a strong FM signal b. Source
dominating a weaker signal on a common c. Load
frequency is referred to as the d. Modulation
a. Capture effect
b. Blot out 47. What type of emission is frequency
c. Quieting factor modulation?
d. Dominating syndrome a. F3E
41. In a low-level AM system, amplifier b. G3E
following the modulated stage must be c. A3E
a. Linear devices d. B3E
b. Harmonic devices
c. Class C amplifier 48. What is the carrier swing of an FM
d. Nonlinear devices transmitter when modulated by 75%?
a. 53.2 kHz
42. If the carrier of a 100 percent modulated b. 48 kHz
AM wave is suppressed, the percentage c. 56.25 kHz
power saving will be d. 112.5 kHz
a. 50
b. 150 49. An increase in transmitter power from 25 W
c. 100 to 30 W will cause the antenna current to
d. 66.66 increase from 700 mA to
a. 800 mA
43. A pre-emphasis circuit provides extra noise b. 750 mA
immunity by c. 767 mA
a. Boosting the bass frequencies d. 840 mA
b. Amplifying the higher audio
frequencies 50. _____ is the function which tends to
c. Pre-amplifying the whole audio band maintain the sound volume level of a voice
d. Converting the phase modulation to FM receiver nearly constant for a large signal
strength range
44. One of the following transmits only one a. Squelch
sideband b. Muting
a. H3E c. AGC
d. AFC a. FM transmitter
b. FM receiver
51. An FM receiver with an I-F of 10.7 MHz is c. VHF transmitter
tuned to 98.7 MHz. What is the numerical d. VHF receiver
value of the image frequency?
a. 77.3 MHz 57. The term used to refer to the reduction of
b. 88.0 MHz receiver gain caused by the signal of a
c. 109.4 MHz nearby station transmitter in the same
d. 120.1 MHz frequency band?
a. Quieting
52. The function which tends to silence the b. Cross-modulation interference
receiver in the absence of transmitted c. Squelch gain rollback
carrier d. Desensitizing
a. Squelch
b. Muting 58. What is the approximate bandwidth of an
c. AGC FM with a modulation factor of 12.5 and a
d. AFC modulating frequency of 10 kHz?
a. 20 kHz
53. The term used to refer to the condition b. 270 kHz
where the signals from a very strong station c. 250 kHz
are superimposed on other signals being d. 45 kHz
a. Cross-modulation interference 59. An amplifier operating over the frequency
b. Intermodulation interference range of 455 to 460 kHz has a 200 kΩ input
c. Receiver quieting resistor. What is the RMS noise voltage at
d. Capture effect the input to this amplifier if the ambient
temperature is 17°C?
54. Stages that are common to both AM and a. 40 μV
FM receivers b. 4.0 μV
a. Tuner, local oscillator, detector, AF c. 400 μV
amplifier d. 4.0 mV
b. RF amplifier, mixer, IF amplifier, AF
amplifier 60. Calculate the noise figure of the amplifier
c. Local oscillator, RF amplifier, frequency whose Req equals 2518 Ω (RT = 600 Ω) if it’s
discriminator, detector driven by a generator whose output
d. Tuner, IF amplifier, detector, AF impedance is 50Ω
amplifier a. 39.4
b. 3.94
55. In a narrow-band FM system, the deviation c. 394
ratio is commonly one and the highest d. 0.394
audio frequency is generally limited to
a. 300 Hz 61. A receiver connected to an antenna whose
b. 10,000 Hz resistance is 50 Ω has an equivalent noise
c. 3,000 Hz resistance of 30 Ω. Calculate its equivalent
d. 7,500 Hz noise temperature if the noise figure is
equal to 1.6
56. Which of the following contains de- a. 17.4 K
emphasis circuit? b. 174 K
c. 1.74 K d. 40 dBm
d. 17 K
68. If an amplifier has equal input and output
62. Which of the following is not a source of impedances, what voltage ratio does the
external noise? gain of 50 dB represent?
a. Thermal agitation a. 316.2
b. Auto ignition b. 325.2
c. The sun c. 320.1
d. Fluorescent lights d. 315.0

63. What is the noise voltage across a 300 Ω 69. An interfering signal with a frequency equal
input resistance to a TV set with a 6 MHz to the received signal plus twice the IF is
bandwidth and temperature of 30°C? called
a. 2.3 μV a. Image frequency
b. 3.8 μV b. Center frequency
c. 5.5 μV c. Rest frequency
d. 6.4 μV d. Interference frequency

64. If bandwidth is doubled, the signal power is 70. Subcarriers that are arranged so that the
_____ channels occupying adjacent frequency
a. Not changed band with some frequency space between
b. Quadrupled them is known as
c. Tripled a. Guard bands
d. Doubled b. AM bands
c. Band gap
65. In an FM transmitter, what is the result of d. Void band
over modulation?
a. Lower frequency 71. What is the lowest number of sections
b. Distortion required by communications receiver?
c. Higher power a. 1
d. Excessive bandwidth b. 2
c. 3
66. What are the basic elements of d. 4
communications system?
a. Source, transmission channel, 72. What determines the selectivity of a
transmitter receiver?
b. Transmitter, receiver, transmission a. The bandwidth of the tuned circuits
channel b. The gain of the amplifier
c. Information, transmission channel, c. The power handling capability
receiver d. The frequency stability
d. Sender and receiver
73. For an IF frequency of 455 kHz, what must
67. A network that has an input of 75 dB and an be the LO frequency when receiving a 580
output of 35dB. The loss of the network is kHz transmission?
_____ a. 1035 MHz
a. -40 dB b. 1.035 MHz
b. 40 dB c. 3.51 MHz
c. -40 dBm d. 351 kHz
a. 3.09 MHz
74. What circuit accompanies a mixer? b. 4.5 kHz
a. RF Amplifier c. 4385 kHz
b. LO d. 3688 kHz
c. IF Amplifier
d. Detector 78. In an FM receiver, which circuit removes
amplitude variations?
75. The superheterodyne circuit uses a local a. Exciter
oscillator to _____ with the RF signal of the b. Mixer
station and converts the carrier to the c. Discriminator
intermediate frequency d. Limiter
a. Beat
b. Mix 79. In an FM receiver, the circuit that keeps the
c. Heterodyne receiver tuned exactly to the desired station
d. All of the above is _____
a. AFC
76. The local FM stereo rock station is at 96.5 b. AGC
MHz. What must be the local oscillator c. Limiter
frequency? d. Discriminator
a. 93.9 MHz
b. 107.2 MHz 80. What connects the front-end circuit of a
c. 112.5 MHz VHF TV superheterodyne receiver?
d. 105.9 MHz a. Mixer, RF amplifier and AFC
b. RF amplifier, Band pass filter and mixer
77. A superheterodyne is tuned to 2738 kHz. c. Local oscillator, mixer and RF amplifier
The IF is 475 kHz. What is the image d. Local oscillator, AGC and antenna