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May 03, 2018

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matrix

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matrix

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single row. the elements above the matrix that has an inverse.

diagonal are zeros.

a single column. matrix that has no inverse.

Diagonal Matrix

In a diagonal matrix, all the

Idempotent Matrix

elements above and below

the diagonal are zeros. The matrix A is idempotent

if:

Rectangular Matrix

A rectangular matrix is

formed by a different A2 = A.

number of rows and Scalar Matrix

columns, and its dimension is

noted as: mxn. A scalar matrix is a diagonal Involutive Matrix

matrix in which the diagonal

elements are equal. The matrix A is involutive if:

Square Matrix A2 = I.

A square matrix is formed by

the same number of rows

Identity Matrix Symmetric Matrix

and columns.

An identity matrix is a A symmetric matrix is a

diagonal matrix in which the square matrix that verifies:

The elements of the form aii diagonal elements are equal

constitute the principal to 1.

diagonal. A = At.

formed by the elements with

i+j = n+1. Transpose Matrix An antisymmetric matrix is a

Given matrix A, the square matrix that verifies:

transpose of matrix A is

another matrix where the

elements in the columns and A = −At.

rows have switched. In other

Zero Matrix

words, the rows become the

In a zero matrix, all the columns and the columns Orthogonal Matrix

elements are zeros. become the rows.

A matrix is orthogonal if it

verifies that:

In an upper triangular matrix,

the elements located below (At)t = A

the diagonal are zeros.

(A + B)t = At + Bt

(α ·A)t = α · At

(A · B)t = Bt · At

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