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Exercise

6.
1. Why are potassium and sodium never found in the
Earth as free elements?
I They are very stable.
II They are very active elements.
III They combine readily with other elements
to form compounds.
A I and II only
B I and III only
C II and III only The equation above shows the formation of slaked
D I, II and III lime. What is X?
A Carbon dioxide
2. A mixture of zinc and sulphur is heated. Which of B Lime water
the following equations represents the C Quicklime
reaction that occurs? D Limestone
A Zinc + Sulphur → Zinc sulphate
B Zinc + Sulphur → Zinc oxide 7. Which of the following compounds are
C Zinc + Sulphur → Zinc silicate hydrocarbon compounds?
D Zinc + Sulphur → Zinc sulphide I Petroleum
II Coal
3.When magnesium carbonate is heated, it III Natural gas
decomposes into substance X and gas Y. What are A I and II only
substance X and gas Y? B I and III only
X Y C II and III only
A Magnesium oxide Carbon dioxide D I, II and III
B Magnesium sulphide Sulphur dioxide
C Magnesium chloride Carbon dioxide 8.
D Magnesium bicarbonate Carbon dioxide

4. Which of the following pairs is correct about the


uses of various silicon compounds?
Silicon compound Use
A Silica Making of mortar
B Jade Cutting glass
C Asbestos Polishing furniture
D Sodium silica As electrical insulator in
electric irons

5. Which of the following shows a calcium The figure above shows potassium permanganate
compound and the elements in it? being heated until the iron filings glow. The gas
Calcium compound Elements that is released during the reaction can be tested
A Quicklime Calcium, hydrogen using
B Limestone Calcium, carbon A lime water
C Slaked lime Calcium, hydrogen, oxygen B a glowing wood splint
D Limewater Calcium, oxygen C sodium hydroxide
D acidified potassium permanganate solution
9. The second most abundant non-metal element The table above shows elements which form
found in the earth's crust is minerals contained in types of ore X, Y and Z.
A sulphur Which of the following represents the types of ore X,
B carbon Y and Z?
C silicon X Y Z
D oxygen A Galena Bauxite Marble
B Bauxite Malachite Cassiterite
C Hematite Cassiterite Malachite
10. D Marble Hematite Galena

13.

The table above shows the reactivity of metals P, Q,


R and S in oxygen. Which of the following
shows the sequence of reactivity of these metals in
The figure above shows the fractional distillation of ascending order?
petroleum that is carried out in a laboratory. A Q, R, P, S
Of the following, which is the characteristic of the B R, G, S, P
petroleum fractions that vapourise first? C S, R, Q, P
A Brown in colour, produces soot D S, P, R, Q
B Very viscous, produces less soot
C Difficult to burn, very viscous 14.
D Produces less soot, less viscous

11.Fractional distillation is used to separate


hydrocarbon components in petroleum because all
the hydrocarbons have
A different melting points
B different boiling points
C different densities
D different chemical energies

12.
The figure above shows an experiment to study a
chemical reaction. It is known that substance X
is formed from calcium, carbon and oxygen. Which
of the following test substances can be used
as substance Y to test for gas released in the
experiment?
A Limewater
B Cobalt chloride
C Potassium dichromate solution
D Acidified potassium permanganate
Structure Question
1. 2.

The figure above shows the effect of heat on cockle


shells. The figure above shows a series of experiments to
(a) (i) What change can be observed in produce a solution of a type of
the lime water? calcium compound.
(a) What will happen to the limestone when
heated strongly in X?

(ii) What reacts with the lime water to


cause the change in (a)(i)?
(b) What can be observed when drops of water
are put on the solid product of heating in Y?

(b) Cockle shells contain calcium carbonate.


Write a chemical equation in words to
represent the effect of heat on cockle shells.
(c) Name the substance formed in Y.

(c) State three elements contained in cockle


shells.
(d) Name the solution produced in Z.

(d) Give an example of a natural substance


which can be used to replace the cockle
shells in this experiment. (e) State the use of the solution produced in Z.

(e) Water is dropped onto heated cockle shells.


The solution formed is then tested with red litmus
paper. What can be observed of the red litmus
paper?