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Policy No. EHS-511 Date: 3/30/2006 Table of Contents 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Purpose and Scope.................................................................................................. 2 Definitions ................................................................................................................ 2 General Procedure / Requirements.......................................................................... 4 Grounding ................................................................................................................ 9 Electrical Equipment Locations .............................................................................. 10 Training .................................................................................................................. 11 Auditing / Inspections ............................................................................................. 11 References............................................................................................................. 11 Policy Title: Electrical Safety Revision: 1 Approval: Jeff Canon
Designated Employee – An employee who is designated to perform specific duties under the terms of this procedure and who is knowledgeable in the construction and operation of the equipment and the hazards involved. or whose job requires him or her to work in an area in which such servicing or maintenance is being performed. They shall be trained to recognize and/or avoid hazards to which they will or may be exposed. (This term is used only in reference to current carrying parts. which are sometimes energized or live). the special precautions included in this procedure must be followed. This procedure pertains to all those employees working on electrical equipment or in and around areas where electrical hazards may be present. fence. Conductor – A material. usually in the form of a wire. Deenergized – Free of from any electrical connection to a source of potential difference and from electric charge. Alternating Current (A-C) – Current which reverses its direction of flow at regular intervals. Direct Current (D-C) – Current which flows in one direction. Circuit – A conductor or system of conductors through which an electrical current is intended to flow. • • • • • • • • • • • Page 2 . housing. Bond – The electrical interconnection of conductive parts designed to maintain a common electrical potential. not having a potential different from that of the earth. 2 • Definitions Affected Employee – An employee whose job requires him or her to operate or use a machine or piece of equipment on which servicing or maintenance is being performed under LOTO. or electrically charged so as to have a potential significantly different from that of the earth in the vicinity. When it is necessary to perform work in an area where there is likely to be exposure to energized circuits or electrical hazards. cable or bus bar. Enclosed – Surrounded by a case. Ampacity – The current carrying capacity for electrical conductors measured in amperes. used for carrying an electric current. Bus – A conductor or group of conductors that serve as a common connection for two or more circuits.Policy No:EHS-511 Electrical Safety 1 Purpose and Scope The purpose of this procedure is to provide policy and guidance to ensure that safe electrical work practices are followed in ProEnergy Services facilities or on job sites where ProEnergy Services employees are working. or walls which will prevent persons from accidentally contacting energized parts. Energized (Alive or Live) – Electrically connected to a source of potential difference. This procedure shall be used in conjunction with the ProEnergy Services Lock-Out / Tag-Out (LOTO) Procedure.
Ground – A conducting connection. circuits in such a position that failure of the supports or insulation will cause contact with another circuit. Insulated – Separated from other conducting surfaces by a dielectric (including air space) offering a high resistance to the passage of current. enclosed. thermal. or platforms. short circuit. Low Voltage – Nominal voltages of below 600 Volts. for wiring methods. and other portable apparatus that are connected by cord and plug. Portable Electric Tools – Equipment includes portable appliances. Impedance – The reactance and resistance which opposes the flow of current in an AC circuit. Overload – A condition in which the equipment is operated in excess of its normal full load. pneumatic. Ground Fault – A condition in which the fault current to ground is greater than the predetermined value for the circuit. transmission or distribution activities and or equipment. capable of being accidentally touched or approached closer than a safe distance by a person. fenced. hand lamps. or to some conducting body that serves in place of the earth. barrier rails or screens. Guarded – Covered. or other energy source that could cause injury to personnel. Overcurrent – A condition in which the current is greater than the rate current of the equipment or the ampacity of the conductors. as applicable to the construction or operation of electric power generation. have 120 Volt / 60 Hertz motors. Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) – A device whose function is to interrupt the electric circuit to the load when a fault current to ground exceeds some predetermined value that is less than that required to operate the overcurrent protection device of the supply circuit.Policy No:EHS-511 Electrical Safety • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Energy Source – Any electrical. mats. designed to minimize the possibility. There are specific requirements to become a Qualified Employee: Page 3 . of dangerous approach or accidental contact by persons or objects. Qualified Employee – A person knowledgeable in the equipment involved and hazards associated with the work task. and for communication systems. Grounded – Connected to earth or to some other conducting body that serves in place of the earth. Majority of Portable Electric Tools. by means of suitable covers or casings. appliances. chemical. hydraulic. or conductor is operated in excess of its rated ampacity. under normal conditions. whether intentional or accidental. or otherwise protected. tools. Inductance – the property of electrical circuit which produces an electromotive force by the variation of the current in the circuit itself or a neighboring circuit. mechanical. or ground fault. used in this procedure. such as 120/240 and 600. Exposed Parts – For live (energized) parts. between an electric circuit or equipment and the earth. High Voltage – Nominal voltages equal to 600 Volts or above. Nominal Voltage – Voltage value assigned to a circuit or system to designate the voltage class (service). Overcurrent can result from overload. nuclear. on or attached to the surface or behind panels which allow access.
Voltages are expressed in nominal voltages unless otherwise indicated. 3 General Procedure / Requirements Where work requires employees to work on or near exposed circuit parts or equipment. Page 4 . • • • Short Circuit – A path of a circuit. Have the skills and techniques to determine nominal voltage of exposed live parts. in the course of such training.and tagged-out in accordance with ProEnergy Services’ Lock-Out / Tag-Out procedure.Policy No:EHS-511 Electrical Safety • • • Have the skills and techniques necessary to distinguish live parts from other parts of electrical equipment. The operating voltage of the system may vary from this value. All repair and maintenance work on electrical equipment shall be performed by trained and authorized personnel only (QUALIFIED EMPLOYEE). or other electrical hazards. Working Clearances – Authorizations to perform specified work or permission to enter a restricted area. the circuit parts and equipment that endanger the employees shall be deenergized and locked. Retraining is required before performing tasks that are completed at intervals greater than once per year. unexpected movement of equipment. has demonstrated the ability to perform duties safely at his or her level of training and who is under the direct supervision of a qualified person is considered to be qualified for the performance of those duties. and Know the clearance distances required (in the regulations) and the corresponding voltages A person who must have the appropriate training per regulatory standards. a Qualified Employee is: • An employee who is undergoing on-the-job training and who. Voltage – The effective potential difference between any two conductors or between a conductor and ground. Only Qualified Persons may work on equipment or circuits that have NOT been deenergized. which drops from its normal resistance to very low resistance. and In addition. and there is danger of injury due to electrical shock.
In addition. while working on or near live circuit parts. Always assume a circuit is “hot” until you have checked it. A.Employees must not enter spaces containing exposed electrical parts unless adequate illumination is provided. provided the appropriate safety related work practices are implemented for the voltage level of the exposed electrical equipment. or designee. fatigue or other reasons. F. In these situations. a licensed electrical contractor must be used. D. Employees shall not be permitted to work in areas where they are likely to encounter electrical hazards UNLESS they have been trained on and are fully aware of the general safe work practices specified below: • • • Alertness of Employees . Employees shall not reach blindly into areas which may contain energized equipment. Know where these fire extinguishers are located.When work near exposed electrical equipment is in an area such that the space confinements is a safety concern.Policy No:EHS-511 Electrical Safety When it is not feasible to deenergize and lock or tag out electrical circuits and equipment. E. Employees shall be thoroughly familiar with emergency trip switches. nominal due to extreme dangers associated with and the lack of frequent experience working on high voltage systems. B. Space Considerations . Distances shall be Page 5 • . Watch for any loose wires. Permission for this work must be granted by the Facility or Site Manager. Working Clearances . Always remove the load from a circuit before pulling the switch.Employees should not knowingly be permitted to work on or near energized circuits when their alertness is recognizably impaired due to illness. Interlocks and safety devices shall be maintained in a safe and operable condition. Proper Lighting . Ventilate the working area well and keep fires and sparks away from charging batteries since the acid fumes could ignite and explode. Always remember that hydrogen gas is generated while charging a battery. employees are permitted to work on or near exposed energized electrical equipment (conductors and circuit parts). special consideration must be given to the number of employees working in the area and the amount of equipment at the scene so as not to interfere with safe passage near exposed circuits. always close panel doors on switches before they are turned on. In no situation or at any time shall a ProEnergy Services employee be authorized to work on or near energized circuit parts or equipment when the voltage level exceeds 600 volts. C. NEVER USE WATER ON AN ELECTRICAL FIRE. No interlock or other safety device shall be modified tom defeat its function except for repair or adjustment. All employees shall know the proper type of fire extinguisher to use when a fire occurs of electrical nature. G. included in the Attachment Section of this procedure. Notify all personnel concerned or affected before starting any electrical equipment. H.Safe distances (and working clearances) shall not be less than indicated in the Tables.
Again. reference the Tables in the Attachment Section of this procedure for required and recommended Approach Distances and Working Clearances. (Water. and shall be maintained and stored in a safe. wrapping. Nylon. conductive cleaning fluid. rings. or Rayon Some fabrics specifically designed for use in protective clothing include flame-retardant materials. key-chains. They can be worn ONLY IF they can be rendered nonconductive by covering. • Housekeeping and Janitorial Duties . to the following: • Flame-Resistant Clothing – Flame-resistant clothing should be worn by all electrical workers because of the electrical hazards they face. and 100% cotton. reliable condition. I. Employees shall be safeguarded from injury by utilizing appropriate personal protective gear and equipment / tools while working in situations in which there are potential electrical hazards. Page 6 . steel wool. either alone or in blends: • • • • Acetate.Policy No:EHS-511 Electrical Safety measured from the live parts if such parts are exposed or from the enclosure front opening if such are enclosed. precautions must be taken to prevent employees from contacting such lines directly (through the body) or indirectly (through conductive tools or equipment). bracelets. synthetic materials. A full body NOMEX suit is recommended wear. Polyester. shall be tested annually.Conductive articles of jewelry and clothing such as watch bands. or metal headgear shall not be worn where such items present an electrical contact hazard with exposed energized parts. isolated. synthetic-cotton blends. These include. Avoid WOOL clothing. unless adequate precautions are taken. belt buckles. • Conductive Apparel . steam. Employees exposed to electrical hazards SHALL NEVER wear fabrics which contain the following fabrics. metalized aprons. as wool produces cyanide gas when it burns. or using some other effective means of insulation. necklaces. or metalized cloth are examples of materials not suitable for use in the vicinity of energized components unless procedures are followed to prevent electrical contact). • Overhead Lines – When work is performed in areas where energized overhead lines are not guarded.Housekeeping and janitorial duties must not be performed adjacent to exposed energized electrical parts where such parts present an electrical safety hazard. but are not limited. All protective equipment shall be inspected prior to each use. or insulated.
000 26.e. they shall be protected by outer leather or canvas gloves. • Ladders – Metal ladders and scaffolds are electric conductors. Shoes with shock resistant soles are the most common.) Footwear – Workers must wear some type of footwear that protects them against accidental electric current when working near energized parts. Page 7 . check inside and out for breakdowns. Portable ladders and scaffolds shall be of nonconductive type only.2. Leather gloves should be worn OVER rubber gloves to protect the rubber from cuts.500 36. abrasions. Check hardhats to ensure proper rating (conforming to ANSI Z89. rubber gloves shall be air tested prior to each use (i. Voltage Rating 500 1. Headgear – Electrical workers must wear nonconductive head protection whenever they could be exposed to the danger of contacting energized parts or equipment.Policy No:EHS-511 Electrical Safety • • • • Eye and Face Protection – Suitable eye and face protection shall be worn for voltage in excess of 300 volts. rubbers. and/or cuts). Class E Hard Hat. Leather gloves DO NOT provide protection from electrical currents. etc. Over shoe styles include boots. In addition. cracks.000 Typical Color Beige Red White Yellow Green Orange Class of Insulating Item 00 0 1 2 3 4 NOTE: Never use Rubber Gloves for Voltages greater than the rated Voltage.. Bare Hand Work is PROHIBITED on ANY circuit over 50 volts. they should never be used around electric circuits or in place where they can come in contact with electrical circuits. rubber gloves are required. and shall NEVER be used IN PLACE of rubber gloves regarding electrical work. nominal and when performing work on exposed energized parts of equipment where there is a danger of injury to the eyes and face from electric arc or flashes. Whenever rubber gloves are used. Electrical Safety Gloves – When working on or near low-voltage.500 17. punctures.000 7. Shoes shall be inspected to ensure integrity prior to working near energized parts. (See Table below for glove classes according to voltage rating). and galoshes. energized electrical parts.
shock. Only employees who have a thorough knowledge of working safely with test instruments and equipment on energized circuits shall be permitted to perform testing work on electronic circuits or equipment where there is danger of injury due to accidental contact with energized parts or improper use of test equipment. nominal and when employees are working in the vicinity of exposed energized parts when the possibility of heating or arcing is likely. Barricades shall be used in conjunction with safety signs when it is necessary to prevent or limit personnel access to work areas where the possibility of exposure to exposed energized conductors is highly likely. and Protective Barriers – Protective shields. In outdoor motor control centers where permanent installation is not possible. Electrical Safety Matting. these insulated sticks of reinforced fiberglass. To alert other employees that there are exposed energized parts or components in the area. If they are damaged in any way. Manual signaling shall be used when work areas prevent signs and barricades from being effective alert measures. epoxiglass. Insulated tools are designated as “secondary” protective devices and must be used in conjunction with appropriate personal protective gear. NOT IN PLACE OF IT. Permanent Rubber Matting – Permanently installed rubber insulated floor matting (suitable for the voltage rating of the equipment) shall be installed in switchgear rooms. blankets must be taken out of service immediately.Policy No:EHS-511 Electrical Safety • • • • • • Insulated Tools . Insulating blankets are a “secondary” source of worker protection. barriers or insulating materials (suitable for the voltage rating of the equipment) shall be used to prevent electrically induced injuries for voltages in excess of 300 volts. Page 8 . or wood are considered “live-line tools” and are used to energize or deenergize the elements of conductors or parts associated with electrical equipment. Blankets. the following alerting methods shall be used. Metal barricades must not be used in these situations. Workers must still use gloves when using Hot Sticks. the rubber matting shall be readily accessible. They are typically used to help maneuver and shift pieces of equipment of provide the proper working clearances and distances with its extended reach. motor control centers. and burn hazards. • K. J.Employees must use suitable insulated tools or handling equipment where it is possible for these items to make contact with energized equipment or parts. and all other applicable locations to provide continuous protection from any electrical safety hazards that exist. as required and feasible: • • Safety signs and tags shall always be used to warn employees that there are potential hazards in the area. This type of protective equipment helps insulate electrical workers from flashover. Blankets must be tested before they are initially used and annually thereafter. Hot Sticks (Shotguns) – Used on Live Lines.
or excessive dust. Some examples of POOR work practices that shall be avoided when using or handling these types of tools include: • • • • Raising and lowering the tool using the power cord. Using the tool in a manner for which it was not designed (i. power cords. If tools or electrical equipment is not used daily or frequently. or external case. Prior to each use. Only flexible cords and cables which contain an equipment grounding conductor shall be used for cord and plug connected electric equipment. cables.e. Using the cord to pull the plug from the socket. Is permanent and continuous. probes. Existing equipment grounding connections shall never be by-passed. Has low enough impedance to limit the voltage to ground and facilitate the operation of circuit overcurrent devices. cracks or tears. Any defective or broken tool or piece of equipment must IMMEDIATELY be taken or tagged “OUT OF SERVICE” to prevent from using. then a quarterly inspection is required. Portable electric tools shall be treated in such a manner as not to damage or impair the safety of the device. as a hammer). If damaged in any way. and reinstalling all permanent barriers and/or covers. L. and connectors shall be visually inspected for external defects or damage before each use. After work on energized systems.. and wear that might prevent the insulation from functioning properly and thus creating a safety hazard. the equipment shall not be sued until replaced or repaired. Using the tool in a manner such that it is exposed to water. steam. and 3. Page 9 . portable electric tools should be inspected for damage to the plug. 2.Policy No:EHS-511 Electrical Safety Test instruments and equipment and all associated test leads. 4 Grounding EFFECTIVE GROUNDING states the path to ground: 1. M. Has the capacity to conduct any fault current that may be imposed upon it. the employee performing the work is responsible for removing any personal protective equipment and barricades. Inspect for loose parts. cord. Test instruments and their accessories shall be rated for the circuits and equipment to which they will be connected and must be suitable for the environment in which they will be used.
Under this program.e. Access doors or gates to rooms. of sufficient durability to withstand the environment. such as transformers or switchyards. and shall read something similar to the following: “WARNING: HIGH VOLTAGE – KEEP OUT”. NOTE: In the case of a power tool that is double insulated. connection boxes. and at THREE MONTH INTERVALS (QUARTERLY): • • • • • A continuity test to ensure that the equipment grounding conductor is electrically continuous. regulatory standards mandate that the following two tests be performed BEFORE the first use of new equipment. Permanent and easy-to-read warning signs shall be posted on all doors and gates that provide access to enclosures containing exposed energized parts and conductors forbidding unqualified persons to enter. vaults. Receptacles that are not a part of the permanent wiring of the structure. A test must be performed on receptacles that are not part of the permanent wiring of the building or structure. a flexible cord without a grounding conductor may be used. shall be kept locked. the equipment must be protected via a ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI). Whenever portable electric tools are used. and on cord. if capable. AFTER suspected damage to the equipment. on all cord sets. pull boxes.Policy No:EHS-511 Electrical Safety Adapters which interrupt the continuity of the equipment grounding connection (i. Signs shall be legible at 12 feet. but not recommended. Equipment connected by cord and plug that is available for use or is used by employees. Put up appropriate caution signs on metal-enclosed switchgear. transformers. A test to ensure that the equipment grounding conductor is connected to its proper terminal. Each Site should have an Assured Equipment Grounding Program. unit substations. or fenced enclosures containing electrical equipment shall be readily opened from the inside without the use of a key.and plugconnected equipment that is required to be grounded. Post entrances to rooms and other guarded locations containing exposed live parts with conspicuous signs forbidding unqualified persons to enter. 5 Electrical Equipment Locations The entrances to enclosures containing exposed high voltage energized parts. convert a three prong plug to a two-prong plug) shall not be used. It is an inspection program covering the following: • • • All cord sets (extension cords.. and similar equipment Page 10 .
This procedure will be updated as necessary. and The proper use of precautionary techniques. The skills and techniques necessary to determine the nominal voltage of exposed live parts. 7 Auditing / Inspections A quarterly inspection of electrical equipment should be made and findings recorded. extension cords and other protective equipment should be inspected periodically and results documented.Electrical 29 CFR 1910. 8 References Electrical Protective Equipment Electric Power Generation. Transmission. upon hire. The Electrical Safety Procedure shall be reviewed annually. All electrical hand tools. personal protective equipment. Qualified employees shall be trained and competent in the following: • • • • The skills and techniques necessary to distinguish exposed live parts from other parts or electrical equipment.137 29 CFR 1910. and Distribution Safety-Related Work Practices .Policy No:EHS-511 Electrical Safety 6 Training Any ProEnergy Services Facility or Site employees (including Field personnel) who will be involved with electrical work on or near exposed energized parts (a qualified employee) or working in areas where electrical work may be performed. insulating and shielding materials. A visual inspection should be conducted prior to any use of this equipment (check for electrical integrity and insulation).331-335 Page 11 . and insulated tools for working on or near exposed energized parts of electric equipment. shall be trained on the requirements and guidelines of this procedure initially. The minimum approach distances specified and the corresponding voltages to which the qualified person will be exposed.269 29 CFR 1910. Refresher training is required annually.
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