You are on page 1of 6

Health

Health is the general condition of a person in all aspects. It is also a level of functional and/or metabolic efficiency of an organism, often implicitly human. Overall health is achieved through a combination of physical, mental, and social well-being, which, together is commonly referred to as the Health Triangle.

Needs of good health
There are a large number of benefits of good health. Good health increases the life of the person because he\she will be more immune to diseases and physical pain than others. There are many other incentives of this also. Good health will boost his energy level which in turn boosts working capacity and reduces the leaves from work. The increase in time will reduce stress which helps in attaining good and cheerful behavior.

Need for good health
One has to follow some rules, only then he can acquire a good health.A few of them are regular exercise, diet controller which includes a lot of salad and oil free stuff. Meditation and other stress release methods like yoga, laughter clubs helps in calming the inner self.

Determinants of health
Many factors combine together to affect the health of individuals and communities. Health is maintained and improved not only through the advancement and application of health science, but also through the efforts and intelligent lifestyle choices of the individual and society. To a large extent, factors such as where we live, the state of our environment, genetics, our income and education level, and our relationships with friends and family all have considerable impacts on health, whereas the more commonly considered factors such as access and use of health care services often have less of an impact. These determinants or things that make people healthy or not include the above factors, and many others:
y

Income and social status - higher income and social status are linked to better health. The
greater the gap between the richest and poorest people, the greater the differences in health.

y y

Education
confidence.

low education levels are linked with poor health, more stress and lower self-

Physical environment

y

y

y y

safe water and clean air, healthy workplaces, safe houses, communities and roads all contribute to good health. Employment and working conditions people in employment are healthier, particularly those who have more control over their working conditions Social support networks greater support from families, friends and communities is linked to better health. Culture - customs and traditions, and the beliefs of the family and community all affect health. Genetics - inheritance plays a part in determining lifespan, healthiness and the likelihood of developing certain illnesses. Personal behavior and coping skills balanced eating, keeping active, smoking, drinking, and how we deal with life s stresses and challenges all affect health. Health services - access and use of services that prevent and treat disease influences health Gender - Men and women suffer from different types of diseases at different ages.

Maintaining health
Achieving and maintaining health is an ongoing process. Effective strategies for staying healthy and improving one's health include the following elements: 1. Observations of Daily Living - Personal health depends partially on one's active, passive, and assisted observations about their health in their everyday life. The information gleaned from such observations may be used to inform personal decisions and actions, as well as clinical decisions and treatment plans 2. Social Activity- Personal health depends partially on the social structure of one's life. The maintenance of strong social relationships is linked to good health conditions, longevity, productivity, and a positive attitude. This is due to the fact that positive social interaction as viewed by the participant increases many chemical levels in the brain which are linked to personality and intelligence traits. 3. Hygiene - Hygiene is the practice of keeping the body clean to prevent infection and illness, and the avoidance of contact with infectious agents. Hygiene practices include bathing, brushing and flossing teeth, washing hands. 4. Stress management - Prolonged psychological stress may negatively impact health, and has been cited as a factor in cognitive impairment with aging, depressive illness, and expression of disease. Stress management is the application of methods to either reduce stress or increase tolerance to stress. Relaxation techniques are physical methods used to relieve stress. The various relaxation techniques are cognitive therapy, meditation, and positive thinking.

5. Health care - Health care is the prevention, treatment, and management of illness and the preservation of mental and physical well-being through the services offered by the medical, nursing, and allied health professions. 6. Workplace wellness programs - Workplace wellness programs are recognized by an increasingly large number of companies for their value in improving the health and well-being of their employees, and for increasing morale, loyalty, and productivity. Workplace wellness programs can include things like onsite fitness centers, health presentations, wellness newsletters, training related to nutrition, weight and stress management.

Public health
Public health is "the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health through the organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals. It is concerned with threats to the overall health of a community based on population health analysis. The population in question can be as small as a handful of people or as large as all the inhabitants of several continents.

There are 2 distinct characteristics of public health: 1. It deals with preventive rather than curative aspects of health 2. It deals with population-level, rather than individual-level health issues

Public health began to put more focus on chronic diseases such as cancer and heart disease.Public health helps inincrease in average life,vaccination programs and control of infectious diseases, effective safety policies,improved family planning, chlorination of drinking water, smoke-free measures, and programs designed to decrease chronic disease.

In order to achieve all above goals, public help did many efforts and established many school and started various programs. Public health school training had evolved from a second degree for medical professionals to a primary public health degree.Schools of public health offer a variety of degrees which generally fall into two categories: professional or academic.Public health programs providing vaccinations have made incredible strides in promoting health, including the suppression of smallpox, a disease that plagued humanity for thousands of years.Most governments recognize the importance of public health programs in reducing the incidence of disease, disability, and the effects of aging.

W.H.O.
WHO stands for World Health Organization. It is a specialized agency of the United Nations that acts as a coordinating authority on international public health. It was established on April 7, 1948, with headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.

Concerns
The major concern of WHO is The attainment by all people of the highest possible level of health . For this, WHO provides help to combat disease, especially key infectious diseases, and to promote the general health of the people of the world.

Activities
WHO coordinates international efforts to control outbreaks of infectious diseases, such as malaria, Tuberculosis, swine flu, AIDS, etc. It also sponsors programs to prevent and treat such diseases. The WHO supports the development and distribution of safe and effective vaccines, pharmaceutical diagnostics, and drugs.In addition to its work in eradicating disease, the WHO also carries out various health-related campaigns like consumption of fruits, discourage tobacco, etc.

Health care sector
Health care is the treatment and prevention of illness. Health care is delivered by professionals in medicine, dentistry, nursing, pharmacy and allied health.

Institutions of health care sector
There are many institutions which provide health care to people. These institutions are combined to form Health Care Sector. Health care sector includes 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Medical care providers like physicians, specialist clinics, nursing homes, hospitals. Diagnostic service centers and pathology laboratories. Medical equipment manufacturers. Contract research organizations (CRO's), pharmaceutical manufacturers Third party support service providers (catering, laundry).

Health care sector in India
Healthcare in India features a universal health care system run by the constituent states and territories of India. The Constitution charges every state with "rising of the level of nutrition and the standard of living of its people and the improvement of public health as among its primary duties". The National

Health Policy was endorsed by the Parliament of India in 1983 and updated in 2002. However, the government sector is understaffed and underfinanced; poor services at state-run hospitals force many people to visit private medical practitioners. Government hospitals, some of which are among the best hospitals in India, provide treatment at taxpayer expense. Most essential drugs are offered free of charge in these hospitals. Government hospitals provide treatment either free or at minimal charges. In-hospital treatment costs depend on financial condition of the patient and facilities utilized by him but are usually much less than the private sector.

Impact of Science and Technology
Science
Health science is the branch of science focused on health, and it includes many sub disciplines. There are two approaches to health science: the study and research of the human body and health-related issues to understand how humans (and animals) function, and the application of that knowledge to improve health and to prevent and cure diseases.

Information technology
Information technologydeals with the storage, retrieval, sharing, and use of health care information, data, and knowledge for communication and decision making. Health information technology may be useful for:
y y y y

reducing paperwork by eliminating the need for handwritten medical records reducing medical errors by transmitting accurate information electronically and eliminating mistakes due to misreading of your doctor s handwriting reducing health care costs by decreasing the need for repeat medical tests by different doctors and eliminating storage space and staff time to maintain medical records improving your quality of care by decreasing medical errors and assuring that all your health care providers have accurate and timely information

Medical Tourism
Medical tourism is a term initially coined by travel agencies and the mass media to describe the rapidlygrowing practice of travelling across international borders to obtain health care. It also refers pejoratively to the practice of healthcare providers travelling internationally to deliver healthcare. Since India can provide high quality health care service at a very low cost, medical tourism is found beneficial economically.

Alternative Health Care Techniques
Apart from clinical or allopathic treatment, many other health care techniques are famous in India like homeopathy, Yunanimedicine, Ayurveda, Yoga, etc. Out of these, Ayurveda and Yoga are well known and practiced not only in India, but worldwide.

Ayurveda
Ayurveda is the use of the inherent principles of nature, to help maintain health in a person by keeping the individual's body, mind and spirit in perfect equilibrium with nature. It originated in India about 5000 years age which makes it one of the oldest treatment known to man. It is now practiced worldwide because of effectiveness and no side effects. According to Ayurveda, one can achieve health through daily routine. A typical Ayurveda routine might look like this: - Rise with the sun. - one should meditate for 20-30 minutes and then exercise. - Exercise should preferably be done early in the morning before the daily shower or bath.

Yoga
The word yoga means "union" in Sanskrit, the language of ancient India where yoga originated. It can betreatedas the union occurring between the mind, body and spirit. In India, Yoga is considered one of the six branches of classical philosophy and is referred to throughout the Vedas - ancient Indian scriptures and amongst the oldest texts in existence. The Upanishads are also broadly philosophical treatises which postdate the Vedas and deal with the nature of the "soul" and universe. This technique originated in India about 3000 years ago. Yoga includes various postures, breathing and meditation techniques which in turn develops both strength and flexibility.