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EVALUATION OF SMALL SCALE ENTERPRISES IN THE VICTORIA


MUNICIPAL PARK

A Research Paper
Presented to
Mr. Dan Carlo P. Balmores
Research Teacher

_______________________

In Partial Fulfillment
Of the Requirements in
Practical Research II

________________________

BY:
AMURAO, Nico Bryan D.
ARABIA, Jonathan M.
GAMIS, Ericson V.
ABM-B
First Semester
S.Y 2017-2018
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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Title Page……………………………………………………. i
Table of Contents…………………………………………… ii
List of Table……. .…………………………………………… iii
List of Diagram …..…………………………………………… iv
THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND

Introduction…………………………………………………. 1
Statement of the Problem…………………………………… 3
Scope and Delimitation……………………………………... 4
Significant of the Study……………………………………... 4
Definition of Term…………………………………………... 5
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES

Foreign Studies……………………………………………… 7
Local Literature……………………………………………... 9
Local Studies………………………………………………... 10
Conceptual Framework……………………………………... 15
Diagram of the Study……………………………………….. 16
METHODS OF THE STUDY AND SOURCES OF DATA

Research Design ……………………………………………. 17


The Population of the Study ……………………………….. 17
Sampling Design …………………………………………… 17
Methods of the Study ………………………………………. 17
Statistical Treatment ……………………………………….. 18
PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA
SUMMARY……………………………………………………….. 27
CONCLUSION ……………………………………………………. 28
iii

RECOMMENDATION …………………………………………… 29
BIBLIOGRAPHY ………………………………………………… 31
iv

LIST OF TABLE

Table 1 Gender …………………………………………………. 18


Table 2 Business Nature …………………………………… 19
Table 3 Type of Business ……………………………………... 20
Table 4 Year in Business Industry……………………………... 21
Table 5 Daily Income…………………………………………... 22
LIST OF DIAGRAM

Diagram 1 Input and Output ………….………………………………. 14


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Republic of the Philippines


Victoria National High School
Senior High School
ACCOUNTANCY AND BUSINESS MANAGEMENT
San Gavino Victoria Tarlac

APROVAL SHEET

This Research of NICO BRYAN D. AMURAO, JONATHAN M. ARABIA and ERICSON D.


GAMIS entitled EVALUATION OF SMALL SCALE ENTERPRISES IN VICTORIA
MUNICIPAL PARK which is prepared and submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements
in PRACTICAL RESEARCH II is hereby accepted.

RESEARCH COMMITTEE

MR. DAN CARLO P. BALMORES

Chairman

ROCHE MAE S. ALFONSO JUDY ANN D. DONATO

Member Member

KRIZA JANE V. ASTRERO

Member
ABSTRACT

Title: Evaluation of Small Scale Enterprises in Victoria Municipal


Park

Researchers: Nico Bryan D.Amurao

Jonathan M.Arabia

Ericson V. Gamis

Institution: Victoria National High School

Senior High School

Track: Academic Track

Strand: Accountancy, Business and Management (ABM)

Small Scale Enterprises in Victoria Municipal Park are rage only 30-50 stall. It has

been observed most of the vendors are confront with numerous problems like,

Availability of inadequate quantity of costumer, Calamities such as rainy day, Poor

quality of products, and high cost of ingredients. All these factors adversely affect

the proper functioning of small scale enterprises in Victoria Municipal Park. And as

a student of Accountancy and Business Management who has soon to be a business

man/woman someday this research gives more knowledge and strategies to become

successful in life. This observation led the researchers to conduct a study on

Evaluation of Small Scale Enterprises in Victoria Municipal Park.

The study made a descriptive research design to evaluate the Small Scale

Enterprises in Victoria Municipal Park. The researcher use tables, frequency, and

percentage to anayse the reason behind the Small Scale Enterprises in Victoria

Municipal Park.
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This study shows how they manage their business and how they overcome problems

they encountered in their business and also profile of the vendors of Small Scale

Enterprises in Victoria Municipal Park.


ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

From the bottom of our hearts, the researchers would like to thank to the

following person who helped us To achieve this requirements regarding moral and

financial support.

To our beloved parents Mr.and Mrs. Nicolas Amurao, Mr. and Mrs. Emillio

Arabia and Mr. and Mrs.Pepito Gamis who helped, understand and support us to conduct

this research Financially, spiritually, mentally and physically. They are our inspirations.

To our ever supportive and genuine research teacher Mr. Dan Carlo P. Balmores

for his unending patience, love, care and piece of advice. Although sometimes his busy

for teaching and training their cheerleading group but no hesitance to teach what we do

and what we take for so thank you Sir.

To the Municipality Victoria especially to the head of business department who

gave us the list of the vendor of small scale enterprises in Victoria Municipal Park and to

all the vendors of the Municipal Park who unselfishly share their thoughts to us and

answer our question without argument and for their accommodation shows us to conduct

our research.
To our panelist Ms, Roche Mae Alfonso, Kriza Jane Astrero and Judy Ann

Donato for all the recommendation and suggestion made, it’s our pleasure that we have

you guys

To our classmate and friends, for their tender loving care to us to continue this

study and also for cheering up when times that we are tired and stressed out each other,

you kwon “alam niyo na iyon”

To ourselves who given 101% time and dedication especially to Jonathan

Arabia who gave patience to finish this research study

Above all, the blessing and love that given to us from Him, we would like to

thanks Jesus Christ for letting us to accomplish this study regarding problems that we

faced and challenges that we encountered, We are nothing without Him so thanks God.

Christ above All.

Nico Bryan, Jonathan and Ericson


DEDICATION

This research papers dedicated to our Jesus Our savior who gave us power,

guidance, love, care and strength to finish this study.

To our very supportive parents, who extended their moral and financial support

and readily sacrifice everything to give us what we need.

To Victoria National High School, for being our second home for almost six

years where we acquired knowledge that we need for us to survive in what we called the

“real world”.

To our ever supportive teachers, for enhancing our knowledge, for their advices

and unending love.

To our classmate and friend, for the moral support.

The Researchers
Chapter 1

THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND

Introduction`

Finance is one of the most important problems faced by small scale enterprises.

As finance is the life blood of a business organization and no business organization can

function properly in the absence of adequate funds. One of the major problems faced by

small scale enterprises is in the field of marketing. They are not in a position to get first-

hand information about the market i.e. information about completion, taste, liking

disliking of consumers. Therefore, they are not able to upgrade their products according

to the changing business environment. These small units acceding to the changing

business environment. Most of the small scale enterprises are suffering from the problem

of underutilization of capacity. (SME.doc.com)

Small scale units are making only 40 to 50 percent use of their installed capacities

due to various reasons such as shortage of finance, raw materials, power and under-

developed markets for their products. A major problem that the small scale enterprises

face is the procurement of raw materials. They have to confront with numerous problems

like, Availability of inadequate quantity, Poor quality of materials, and high cost of

materials. All these factors adversely affect the proper functioning of small scale

enterprises. Based on 2015 statistical data provided by the Philippines Statistic Authority

(PSA), there are 900,914 establishments in the Philippines of these, 99.5% (896,839) are

micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) and remaining 0.5% (4,075) are large

enterprises.(via.dti.gov.ph)
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The management office of municipality of Victoria aimed to manage small scale

enterprises and the problems encountered regarding by the vendors of the Victoria

Municipal The management office of municipality of Victoria aimed to manage small

scale enterprises and the problems encountered regarding by the vendors of the Victoria

Municipal Park that consist of fifty plus small scale enterprises There is consensus among

policy makers, economists, and business experts that small and medium enterprises

(SMEs) are drivers of economic growth. A healthy SME sector contributes prominently

to the economy through creating more employment opportunities, generating higher

production volumes, increasing exports and introducing innovation and entrepreneurship

skills. The dynamic role of SMEs in developing countries insures them as engines

through which growth objectives of developing countries can be achieved. It is estimated

that SEMs employ 22% of the adult population in developing countries. United Nation

Industrials Development Organization (UNIDO) estimates that SMEs represent over 90%

of private business and contribute to more than 50% of employment and of gross

domestic product (GDP) in most African countries (UNIDO, 1999). A recent study

conducted by Abor and Quartey (2010) estimates that 91% of formal business entities in

South Africa are SMEs, and that these SMEs contribute between 52 to 57% to GDP and

provide about 61% to employment. Despite their significant importance and SME

contribution to economic growth, SMEs across the whole world and in SA in particular,

are still face with numerous challenges that inhibit entrepreneurial growth. Apart from

SME funding and access to finance (which is the focus of this study), the Global

Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) Report (2001-2010) noted that SA SMEs also suffer

from poor management skills which is a result of lack of adequate training and education.
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This results in high rates of business failure (SA has no of the lowest SMEs survival rates

in the world. (via.dti.gov.ph)

Statement of the problem

The study focused on Evaluation of the management of Small Scale Enterprises in

the Victoria Municipal Park specially, this study aimed to answer the following question:

1. How did the vendors manage Small Scale Enterprises in the Victoria Municipal Park?

2. What problems they encountered by the vendors of small scale enterprises in Victoria

Municipal Park?

3. What recommendations can be drawn for the improvement of the strategies of Small

Scale Enterprises in Victoria Municipal Park?

4. What is the implication of the small scale enterprises to ABM?

Scope and delimitation

This study is focused on the Evaluation of the management of Small Scale

Enterprises in the Victoria Municipal Park. To find out the vendors manage Small Scale

Enterprises and the problems encountered regarding by the vendors and customers. These

100 respondents, 50 for students, and 50 for the vendors on Victoria Municipal Park were

the respondents of this research are using the same reference materials.

Significance of the study

The study aimed to known how they the manage Small Scale Enterprises in the

Victoria Municipal Park and to find out the vendors manage small scale enterprises and
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the problems encountered regarding by the vendors and customers. This study is focused

on the Evaluate of the management of Small Scale Enterprises in the Victoria Municipal

Park. To find out the vendors manage small scale enterprises and the problems

encountered regarding by the vendors and customers.

Definition of terms

Business. the activity of making, buying, selling goods or providing services in

exchange for money. (Merriam Webster)

Costumer. a person or company that makes, rents, or sells costumes.(Merriam Webster).

Competition. the act or process of trying to get or win something. (Merriam Webster).

Entrepreneur. a person who starts a business and willing to risks of loss in order to

make money (Merriam Webster).

Enterprises. a project or activity that involves many people and that is often difficult.

(Merriam Webster).

Finance. the way in which the money is used and handled; especially; the way in which

large amounts of money are used and handled by governments and companies (Merriam

Webster).
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Numerous. existing in large number etc..(Merriam Webster)

Owner. to have something as property; to legally possess something.(Merriam Webster)


Price. the amount of money that you pay for something or that something cost.(Merriam

Webster)

Raw material. the basic material that can be used to make or create something.

(Merriam Webster).

Service. to provide someone with something thst is needed or wanted. (Merriam

Webster).

Chapter 2

Review on Related Literature


Foreign Literature

SMEs have infused dynamism into the Japanese economy for many years now.

Their characteristic flexibility and versatility have allowed for their quick adjustment in

face of changing business environments. SMEs accounted for around 99 percent of total

Japanese enterprises during the period 1986-1999. Likewise, SMEs’ share to total

employment had also been consistent averaging nearly 80 percent. The SMEs’ value

added increased during the period 1998-2000. The value added coming from large

enterprises had likewise increased. However, although the value added had generally

increased, the contributions of SMEs and large enterprises to total manufacturing value

added were decreasing. SMEs' contribution to the total value added was about 22 percent

on average, while the contribution coming from large enterprises was about 16.5 percent

on average. Most analyses about SMEs contribution to economic development have

focused on the manufacturing sector. This sector was the third largest employer of labor

in 1999, contributing about 21 percent to total employment. Furthermore, SME

employment in this sector accounted for over two-thirds of the total sectoral employment

at 65 percent. Aside from this, the sector had the greatest value added compared to the

other sectors of wholesaling and retailing, services, and construction. The manufacturing

value added had been increasing during 1998-2000, which was because of the increasing

value added of both SMEs and large enterprises. Nevertheless, the contribution of SMEs

to manufacturing value added had been decreasing. Still, however, SMEs contributed

significantly to manufacturing value added: SMEs contributed an average of 28 percent,

while large enterprises contributed an average of 19 percent. The wholesaling/retailing

had also experienced increasing value added during this period. SMEs had a higher
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average contribution to total industry value added: 13.5 percent on average for SMEs and

10.3 percent on average for large enterprises. Furthermore, the contribution to total value

added had been decreasing for both SMEs and large enterprises. viii Similarly for the

services sector, the period was witness to an increasing value added for both SMEs and

large enterprises. SMEs had a higher share to total industry value added at 30.6 percent

on average, while that of large enterprises was at 22.3 percent on average. Moreover,

large enterprises experienced increasing shares during this period. Japanese SMEs have

also been engaged in subcontracting arrangements. In the 1987 survey done by the Small

and Medium Enterprises Agency (SMEA), about 55.8 percent of firms engaged in

manufacturing worked as subcontractors. Large firms were dependent on the SME

subcontractors for parts, components, and processes which were either too costly for

them to undertake on their own or are too diverse to be handled by management. SMEs

also have had an important position in a number of regional production networks, or

clusters. As a matter of fact, subcontracting arrangements were found to be more

successful in such clusters. (Kurt J. Miesenbock)

Local Literature

Growth is an important phenomenon in small enterprises. In fact, their survival

essentially depends on their power to participate in the market with other big companies.

Growth decreases the possibility of closing small businesses (Rauch &Rijskik, 2013).

Strengthening is important not merely for the enterprises and their owners but for all

stakeholders since these companies thrust forward the economy by underscoring diversity

of products and services. The growth phenomenon of small enterprises had been widely
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analyzed within entrepreneurship. One motive is that most fail to expand during their life

span (Davidsson et al., 2010; McKelvie&Wiklund, 2010) and small businesses refrain

from growing (Doern, 2009). According to Brush, Ceru& Blackburn (2009), some

enterprises do not desire growth and others desire slow growth even though they are

successful as much as those that grow fast. In fact, most new enterprises do not go

beyond the stage when they initiated their activities (Headd& Kirchhoff, 2009), with the

exception of the so-called “gazelles” (Julien, 2002), or young enterprises with very fast

growth. (Sims&Regan,2006).

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Foreign Studies

SMEs are defined as non-subsidiary, independent firms which employ fewer than a given
1
number of employees. This number varies across national statistical systems. The most

frequent upper limit is 250 employees, as in the European Union. However, some

countries set the limit at 200 employees, while the United States considers SMEs to

include firms with fewer than 500 employees. Small firms are generally those with fewer

than 50 employees, while micro-enterprises have at most ten, or in some cases five,

workers. Financial assets are also used to define SMEs. In the European Union, SMEs

must have an annual turnover of EUR 40 million or less and/or a balance-sheet valuation

not exceeding EUR 27 million. SMEs play a major role in economic growth in the OECD

area, providing the source for most new jobs. Over 95% of OECD enterprises are SMEs,

which account for 60%-70% of employment in most countries. As larger firms downsize

and outsource more functions, the weight of SMEs in the economy is increasing. In
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addition, productivity growth – and consequently economic growth – is strongly

influenced by the competition inherent in the birth and death, entry and exit of smaller

firms. This process involves high job turnover rates – and churning in labour markets –

which is an important part of the competitive process and structural change. Less than

one-half of small start-ups survive for more than five years, and only a fraction develop

into the core group of highperformance firms which drive industrial innovation and

performance. This underscores the need for governments to reform policies and

framework conditions that have a bearing on firm creation and expansion, with a view to

optimising the contributions that these firms can make to growth. Most SME jobs are in

the service sector, which now accounts for twothirds of economic activity and

employment in OECD countries. Smaller firms are found particularly in wholesale and

retail trade, the hotel and restaurant business, communications and business services, and

construction. SMEs also account for a high percentage of manufacturing firms in many

OECD countries and provide at least half of OECD manufacturing employment. Smaller

firms are increasingly present in technology-intensive industries such as information and

communications technology (ICT) and biotechnology. SMEs predominate in the

important strategic business services subsector, including services relating to computer

software and information processing, research and development, marketing, business

organisation and human resource development. Increased outsourcing by major

manufacturing firms, combined with new technologies that have allowed SMEs to win

market niches, has led to 10% annual growth in these knowledge-based services in recent

years. The fact that the average firm size in strategic business services is a fraction of the

average size of firms in manufacturing or in the economy as a whole is an indication of


the importance of SMEs in this field. A vibrant entrepreneurial sector is essential to

small-firm development. Entrepreneurs are people who sense opportunities, innovate,

take risks and develop new goods and services. They drive business dynamics – the birth,

expansion, contraction and death of firms – and fuel overall economic growth. The

entrepreneurial process, however, remains mysterious. Social, cultural and political

factors in countries influence the availability of entrepreneurial opportunities as well as

the degree of risktaking and the mobility of resources. Factors discouraging

entrepreneurship include education and training which is risk-averse and regulations and

institutional impediments which discourage the establishment of new ventures or

expansion of existing activities. Entrepreneurship tends to vary across regions. Some

regions or locales are known for generating clusters of dynamic firms which benefit from

“information spillovers” and other intangible factors. All countries have local “pockets”

with extremely high levels of entrepreneurial activity, e.g. Silicon Valley in the United

States, Arezzo and Modena in Italy, Valencia in Spain, Nüremberg in Germany, and

Gnosjö in Sweden. Culture, social and intellectual capital and local networking influence

the development of such firm links. Clustering can be of particular benefit to smaller

firms which, because of their size, cannot finance in-house services such as training,

research or marketing. And clustering can generate benefits that progressively increase

the competitive advantage of the group of firms and enable them to compete globally.

Successful districts and clusters are characterised by the continual emergence of new

entrepreneurial firms. In many OECD countries, the number of women entrepreneurs is

rising. Enterprises owned by women now make up one-quarter to onethird of the total

business population worldwide. In several countries, notably the United States and
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Canada, the growth in the number of women-owned businesses is far outpacing the

overall growth of new businesses. Nevertheless, residual barriers exist to the growth of

women-owned firms, and improved knowledge and data about female entrepreneurship

and its role in society and the economy are needed if policies are to address them

effectively. Increased participation of women-owned businesses in the global economy,

financing that responds to the needs of womenowned businesses, and education and

training that fosters female entrepreneurship should also be developed. How innovative

are smaller firms? Based on survey data, some 30%- 60% of SMEs in the OECD area are

characterised as innovative in the broad sense. On average, they are less likely to conduct

research and development (R&D) than larger firms. But they may be more likely to

innovate in other ways – through creating or re-engineering products or services to meet

new market demands, introducing new organisational approaches to enhance prod

uctivity, or developing new techniques to expand sales. Public policies or attitudes which

constrain creativity, competition, risk-taking and adequate returns to investment are

inimical to innovative behaviour by smaller enterprises. There is a subset of high-growth

small firms which are exceptional innovators. These SMEs are located in the top 5%-10%

of all growing firms. In most countries, their job creation rates exceed those of larger

companies.

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Local Studies
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Small-scale business enterprises in the Philippines: survey and empirical analysis, both of

which are combined in an attempt to understand what determines entrepreneurial

motivations and success in the Philippines. The survey was conducted in order to study

entrepreneurship development and motivations in the Philippines and also to understand

the challenges and sacrifices faced by Filipino entrepreneurs. In particular, this survey is

quite comprehensive in scope and comprised 202 questions. Aside from data on the

general characteristics of the business enterprise and the entrepreneur, the survey also

asks questions about important issues in the study of entrepreneurship such as

entrepreneurial intensity, sacrifice, motivation, business plans, the business' effect on the

entrepreneur's quality of life, the entrepreneur's personal beliefs and attitudes, and

difficulties and problems that the entrepreneur encountered at different stages of

operating the business enterprise. This study also presents an empirical analysis of the

determinants of success by Filipino small businesses. This analysis made use of the

survey data and is based on the estimation of a regression model using Ordinary Least

Squares technique. Since the 1990s, there has been a resurgence of interest on the role of

small-scaled business enterprises or small and medium enterprises (both will be referred

to as "SMEs" hereafter) in national and international economic and social development.

This is consistent with the overall shift of development strategies in many countries

toward a more decentralized, even localized, approach. As such, many scholars,

practitioners, and institutions involved in economic development have begun to recognize

the important roles that smaller-scale business entities play in the economy and society.

More and more people are becoming convinced that these entities can be a very effective

means of achieving, not only economic progress, but social goals (e.g., a more equal
income and a greater appreciation for diversity in gender and race) as well. All of these

suggest a greater need to increase our understanding of the nature and capabilities of

family businesses and SMEs and the kinds of policies and incentive systems that would

be appropriate, necessary, and effective in encouraging and strengthening them. Like

those in other countries, SMEs in the Philippines make significant contributions to the

overall economy and the country's pursuit of economic development. Data show Filipino

SMEs to make up more than 99% of all businesses in the country, provide more than two-

thirds of the country's employment, and is responsible for almost one-third of the

country's income (Philippine Department of Trade and Industry, 2003). Given their

economic importance (others also highlight their social significance), Filipino SMEs are

an interesting subject of study. Consequently, one would expect to find numerous studies

on them. This, however, is not the case, most probably because of a number of issues that

complicate their study. One of these issues has to do with the different perspectives on

different aspects related to SMEs. Depending on which perspective the researcher uses as

the primary source of insight and different perspectives could be identified: that of

policymakers, SME owners, academician and scholars. Policymakers' Perspective In

Philippines, government support to SME looks very good on paper. Specific legislation

(Republic Act 6977: Magna Carta for Small information, one gets a very different picture.

In the study of Filipino SMEs, at least 3 Enterprises, signed in 1991; amended as

Republic Act 8289 in 1996), institutions (such at the Department of Trade and

Industry/Bureau of Small and Medium Business Development, University of the

Philippines-Institute for Small-Scale Industries, and institutions that provide credit or

credit guarantee to SMEs); publications give the impression that the government pays
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careful attention and takes sufficient action to encourage SMEs. That the government

would purposely choose to give such impression is not surprising for a number of

reasons. First, there is a "bandwagon effect". Since other countries in the region and

elsewhere have similar programs (again, at least on paper), the Philippines or for that

matter any other country would look very bad should it choose not to have an SME

program.(PHIL.SMEs doc.)

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Conceptual Framework
The Conceptual Framework include the scope and delimitation, questionnaire and

vendors. The flow of the study will start first with SOP, and questionnaire coming from

the SOP to be answered by the respondents and also to determine the evaluation of small

scale enterprises in the Victoria Municipal Park.

Input Process
Statement of the Problem
Ways of the municipality
1.How did the vendors manage vendors how they manage
small scale enterprises in the small scale enterprises in
Victoria Municipal Park? the Victoria Municipal
Park.
2. What are the problems
encountered by the vendors and
Collective of data through
customers?
questionnaire
3. What are the recommendations
for the improvement of the
strategies of small scale
enterprises in Victoria Municipal
Park?

Output
Evaluation of the service of small
scale enterprises of the Victoria
Municipal Park and analysis of the
customer of small enterprises

[ Diagram1. Shows about the Input and Output of small scale enterprise of Victoria

Municipal Park. ]

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This paradigm shows the conceptual framework of this study which illustrate the

small scale enterprises in Victoria Municipal Park whereby the researcher evaluate the
input where the statement of the problem answer by the respondents next to the process

where the researcher collective of data trough questionnaire and manage proses of the

vendors of small scale enterprises in Victoria Municipal Park and lastly the output of this

research to engage the youth especially ABM student to Business life also to become

aware to the future incase they are planning to build business someday, this diagram

propose the researcher recommendation for all the vendors of small scale enterprises in

Victoria Municipal Park.

1
Chapter 3

METHODS OF THE STUDY


Research Design

The study used a Qualitative research design in the analysis of the Small scale

enterprises of Victoria Municipal Park. Qualitative research is used to gain an

understanding of underlying reasons, opinions and motivation and with of help of the

municipality of Victoria business permit office to evaluate how many vendors in the

Victoria park perhaps the researcher identify the population of the vendors of Victoria

Municipal Park.

The Population of the Study

The respondents of the study were the vendor of small scale enterprises in

Victoria Municipal Park was according to the office of business permit section on

municipality hall are thirty five so the researcher include the small scale using (motor

cycles, bikes, and cars) to evaluate more than fifty.

Method of Gathering Data

Before collecting data the researchersasked permission from the Focal Person &

Principal. Then the researchers also conduct to the municipality hall of Victoria to kindly
18
get a permission to know the exact total of the vendors in the Municipal Park.

Afterwards the researchers personally administered the questionnaires to the

respondents and gave them clear instructions on how to answer. The questionnaire was

retrieved on the same day of administration after they answer the questionnaire.
Statistical Treatment

Result were presented is based on the frequency and percentage for interpretation

and analysis.

Formula of Percentage

0/0= F/n X 100

F= frequency

N= total number of Respondents

Chapter 4

PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA


This chapter include the presentation, analysis and interpretation of data question,

therefore, this chapter shows who they researcher evaluate Small Scale in the Victoria

Municipal Park.

1. Description of small scale enterprises of Victoria Municipal Park.


A. Gender

The small and medium enterprises according to Gender, gender was

considered as their identification and clarification.

Table 1

Gender of the Respondents

Gender Frequency Percent Rank

Female 26 74.29% 1

Male 9 25.71% 2

Total 35 100%
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The table shows the gender of the respondents with majority of 26 female that 1

have 74.29% and 9 male vendors which have a 25.71%. The number of female is much

more, than the number of male in Small Scale in Municipal Park


b. Business Nature

Business Nature helped to analyst either there are corporation, sole

proprietorship and partnership.

Table 2

Nature of Business

Nature of Business Frequency Percent Rank

Sole proprietorship 29 82.86% 1

Partnership 4 11.43% 2

Corporation 2 5.71% 3

Total 35 100%
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The table 2 shows the Nature of Business. Based on the data gathered the most
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1
dominants is the Sole Proprietorship which have a82.86%. The next dominant is the

Partnership which has a 4 frequency with the percentage of 11.43% and the least in the

Nature of Business is Corporation with a total of 2 frequency or 5.71 %.

c. Type of Business

Type of business are the way to classify and analyst, it’s helped to evaluate their

businesses.

Table 3
Type of Business

Land of Business Frequency Percent Rank

Barbeque 3 8.57% 3
Burger vendor 2 5.71% 4

Goto and Mami 4 11.42% 2

Food Eatery 4 14.29% 1


Food Eatery 5 14.29% 1

Sari Sari Store 5 14.29% 1

Fries and Shake 3 8.57% 3

Buko Juice 3 8.57% 3


Fish Ball 3 8.57% 3
Palamig/Turon 1 2.86% 5
Pancake/Hotcake/Popcor 1 2.86% 5
22
n
Siomai House 2 5.71% 4
Total 35 100%

The table 3 shows the different business of the vendors in Municipal Park of

Victoria. The Sari-Sari store and food eatery with a frequency of 5 and percentage of

14.29 while the rank 2 Goto and Mami with a frequency of 4 which have a percentage of

11.42% the rank 3 are the fries and shake, buko juice, fish ball, and Barbeque with a

frequency of 3 and percentage of 3.57%. The rank 4 is burger machine and siomai house

frequency of 2 and percentage of 5.71%. lastly who get rank 5 is palamig, turon, pancake/

hotcake, and popcorn with a frequency of 1 and percentage of 2.86%.


d. Year in Business industry

Business industry can helped to determined that small scale enterprises are

going successful.

Table 4

Month/Year in Business Industries

Month/Year in Frequency Percent Rank

Business

Industries 23

1-3 11 31.43% 2

4-6 20 57.14% 1

7-10 4 11.43% 3

Total 35 100%

The table above shows the Month/Year in Business Industries. The highest number of

years in business industries is 4-6 years at the frequency of 57.14%. Then 1-3 years is the

rank 2 with a frequency of 11 and percentage of 31.43%. Last into the rank is the 7-10

years which have a 11.43%, frequency of 4.

e. Daily Income

The average of their income everyday to determined the quantity of their

business.
Table 5*

Daily Income (average income per day)

Daily Income Frequency Percent Rank

(average income

per day)
0-1000 19 54.29% 1

1001-2000 10 28.58% 2 24

2100-3000 4 11.43% 3

3000&above 2 5.7% 4

Total 35 100%

Table shows the daily income of the vendors of small scale enterprises in

Municipal Park of Victoria are 0-1000 who has a frequency of 19 and percentage of

54.29%, 1001-2000 who has a frequency of 10 and percentage of 28.58%, 2001-3000

who has a frequency of 4 and percentage of 11.43%, 3000&above who has a frequency of

10 and percentage of 5.7%.

2. Small Scale Enterprises in Victoria Municipal Park in their Management

Strategies.

As the researcher conducted a survey the researcher come through the major

answer of the vendors of small scale enterprises in Victoria Municipal Park are
always be happy every day, start there day with passion with love, be positive, always

say yes, yes for good earning profit and good weather and last be kind to your

costumer although some of costumer are mean. Therefore majority of the small scale

enterprises in Victoria Municipal Park are doing the same strategies to invite

costumer as their management skills.

3. Problems encountered by the vendors of Small Scale Enterprises in Victoria


25
Municipal Park.

As we notice the over all answer of the vendors of the Victoria Municipal Park is

weather ( Rainy Season ) although some of are respondents are shy to give their some

issue they encounter in their business profession but their some issues they shared

like their allegation to their costumer and some issues for their stall, as you can see

majority of the vendor of small scale enterprises in Victoria Municipal Park are the

some problems that they encountered in everyday.

4. Implication of the Small Scale Enterprises to ABM.

Small Scale Enterprises which are combined in an attempt to understand what

determines entrepreneurial motivations and success in life. Therefore, All of these

suggest a greater need to increase our understanding of the nature and capabilities of

family businesses and SMEs ( Small Scale Enterprises ) and the kinds of policies and

incentive systems that would be appropriate, necessary, and effective in encouraging

and strengthening them. Like those in other countries, SMEs in the Philippines make
significant contributions to the overall economy and the country's pursuit of economic

development.

Small Scale Enterprises have specific strengths and weaknesses that may require

special policy responses. As new technologies and globalization reduce the

importance of economies of scale in many activities, the potential contribution of

smaller firms is enhanced. However, many of the traditional problems facing SMEs

lack of financing, weather condition, low productivity, to compete other big business 26

such as Jollibee and Mcdo. Small Scale firms need to upgrade their management

skills, their capacity to gather information and their technology base on generation

faced today.

Entrepreneurs are people who sense opportunities, innovate, take risks and

develop new goods and services. They drive business dynamics the birth, expansion,

contraction and death of firms and fuel overall economic growth. The entrepreneurial

process, however, remains mysterious. Social, cultural and political factors in

countries influence the availability of entrepreneurial opportunities as well as the

degree of risk taking and the mobility of resources. Factors discouraging

entrepreneurship include education and training which is risk-averse and regulations

and institutional impediments which discourage the establishment of new ventures or

expansion of existing activities.

To this institutions the we stand for we need to be practical business are easiest

way to become successful in life although some of businesses gone wrong but as
student of accountancy and business management (ABM) we need to become an

Entrepreneur we should take risk and develop new goods and services.

So the implication of this study to the ABM students is when their planning to

engage through business industry this study should be their stepping stone to build a

small business I kwon that some of ABM student are soon to be a Business

Woman/Man someday or a successful Entrepreneur someday

Chapter 5

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND THRECOMMENDATION

This chapter presents the summary of finding conclusion and recommendation

made by the researcher through survey and researcher recommendation to all Small Scale

Enterprises in Victoria Municipal Park.

Summary of Findings

1. Description of small scale enterprises of Victoria Municipal Park.

The gender of the respondents with majority of 26 female that have and 9 male

vendors .The number of female is much more, than the number of male in Small Scale in

Municipal Park next the table 2 shows the Nature of Business. Based on the data

gathered the most dominants is the Sole Proprietorship which have 29 frequency The

next dominant is the Partnership which has a 4 frequency and the least in the Nature of
Business is Corporation with a total of 2 frequency While the table 3 shows the different

business of the vendors in Municipal Park of Victoria. The Sari-Sari store and food eatery

with a frequency of 5 while the rank 2 Goto and Mami with a frequency of 4 while the

rank 3 are the fries and shake, buko juice, fish ball, and Barbeque with a frequency of 3 a

The rank 4 is burger machine and siomai house frequency of 2 and lastly who get rank

5 is palamig, turon, pancake/ hotcake, and popcorn . Then table 4 shows the Month/Year

in Business Industries. The highest number of years in business industries is 4-6 years
28
Then 1-3 years is the rank 2 Last into the rank is the 7-10 years . Lastly Table 5 the daily

income of the vendors of small scale enterprises in Municipal Park of Victoria are 0-1000

has 19 , 1001-2000 has 10 , 2001-3000 has 4, 3000&above has 2 total 35 vendors.

2. Small Scale Enterprises in Victoria Municipal Park in their Management

Strategies.

As the researcher conducted a survey the researcher come through the major answer of

the vendors of small scale enterprises in Victoria Municipal Park are always be happy

every day, start there day with passion with love, be positive, always say yes, yes for

good earning profit and good weather and last be kind to your costumer although some of

costumer are mean. Therefore majority of the small scale enterprises in Victoria

Municipal Park are doing the same strategies to invite costumer as their management

skills.

3. Problems encountered by the vendors of Small Scale Enterprises in Victoria

Municipal Park.
As we notice the over all answer of the vendors of the Victoria Municipal Park is

weather ( Rainy Season ) although some of are respondents are shy to give their some

issue they encounter in their business profession but their some issues they shared like

their allegation to their costumer and some issues for their stall, as you can see majority

of the vendor of small scale enterprises in Victoria Municipal Park are the some problems

that they encountered in everyday.

29

Conclusion

Based on the findings the following conclusions are drawn:

1. Description of small scale enterprises of Victoria Municipal Park

In the description of small scale enterprises in Victoria Municipal Park, the researchers

conclude that most of the vendor of SMEs in Victoria Municipal Park are Girls and base

on the survey that the researcher conduct that most of them are sole proprietorship and

there all in food business industries as the researcher notice the income of SMEs in

Victoria Municipal Park ranged on 100-3000 per day.

2. Small Scale Enterprises in Victoria Municipal Park in their Management

Strategies.

In the small scale enterprises in Victoria Municipal Park in their Management Strategies,

the researchers conclude that most of their strategies to encouraged more costumer are

always smile and be happy that’s why their costumer are going back and also they

manage their business without taking risk that should always be positive.
3. Problems encountered by the vendors of Small Scale Enterprises in Victoria

Municipal Park.

In the problems encountered by the vendors of Small Scale Enterprises, the researchers

conclude that majority of the problems that they encountered are weather such as Rainy

Seasons. And the researchers notice that some of them are shame to shared their thoughts

when it comes to problems that they encountered.

30

Recommendation

Based on the conclusion drawn above, the following are given with the findings

and conclusion made in the study, the following recommendation is suggested by the

researchers.

The researcher recommendation for all the vendors of small scale enterprises in

Victoria Municipal Park are when it comes to this business industry as student of

Accountancy of Business Management (ABM) they undergo first business seminar for

more knowledge incase planning to innovate their small business and also don’t take risk,

and when it comes to the product just satisfy your costumer in cleanliness and packaging.
31

Bibliography

http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0266624268800600204)

http.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/smj.184/full

http://www.slideshare.net/ceszamaldita/samplin-design-by-ms-princess-jean-ronquillo

http://www.stclement.edu/grad/gradonug.pdf

http://www.academia.edu/Documents/in/Small_and_Medium-scale_Enterprises

http.://ideas.respec.org/b/oxp/obooks/9780199242511.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Small_business

http://www.ilo.org/global/topic/employment-promotion/small-enterprises

.(via.dti.gov.ph)
APPENDICES:
Evaluation of Small Scale Enterprises in the Victoria Municipal Park

Name:______________________________ Age:_______________________

Gender:_____________________________ Civil Status:_________________________

Address___________________________________________

Business Name:________________

Nature of Business:____________________

Name of Product:

1 ____________________________ __________________________

2 ____________________________ __________________________

3 ____________________________ __________________________

4 ____________________________ __________________________

5 ____________________________ __________________________

Month/Years in the Business Industries:______ Income Everyday:(Average income per day)________

Questions:

1. How did the vendors manage small scale enterprises in Victoria Municipal Park?

2. What are the problems encountered by the vendors in Victoria Municipal Park?
Republic of the Philippines
Victoria National High School
Senior High School
ACCOUNTANCY, BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT
San Gavino Victoria Tarlac

October 10, 2017

_____________

_____________

_____________

Dear Sir/Ma;am

Greetings!

We, the student of Victoria National High School Senior High are conductioring our

research entitled “Evaluation of Small Scale Enterprises in Victoria Municipal Park”

which aims to evaluate the vendors of SMEs in Victoria Municipal Park.

We are hoping your positive response thank you, and God Bless you!

AGAPITO GONZAGA DAN CARLO P. BALMORES

SHS-Focal Person Research Teacher

JONATHAN M. ARABIA

Research Member
CURICULUM VITEA

JONATHN M. ARABIA

Educational Background:

SECONDARY:
Senior High School Accountancy and Business Management
Victoria National High School Main
San Gavino Victoria, Tarlac
2016-2018

Junior High School Grade 10 Completers


Victoria National High School
San Gavino Victoria, Tarlac
2012-2016

Primary Victoria United Methodist Christian School Inc.


San Nicolas,Victoria, Tarlac
2008-2012

Trainings Attended:

March 17 2017 Drug Awareness by Philippine National Police


VNHS (Main)

October 10-13 2016 Leadership Seminar (SSG)


VNHS (Main)

December 16-20 201 Leadership Training Supreme Student Government (SSG)


Bagiuo City
Personal Data

Full Name: Jonathan Mangoba Arabia


Height: 5’10
Weight: 62kg
Date of Birth: September 4, 1999
Age: 17
Sex: Male
Religion: Methodist
CURICULUM VITEA

NICO BRYAM D. AMURAO

Educational Background:

SECONDARY:
Senior High School Accountancy and Business Management
Victoria National High School Main
San Gavino Victoria, Tarlac
2016-2018

Junior High School Grade 10 Completers


Victoria National High School
San Gavino Victoria, Tarlac
2012-2016

Primary Victoria United Methodist Christian School Inc.


San Nicolas,Victoria, Tarlac
2008-2012

Trainings Attended:

March 17 2017 Drug Awareness by Philippine National Police


VNHS (Main)

March 2017 Kaalaman, kahandahan, at kaligtasan by

Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction Management

Victoria National High School

March 2017
Personal Data

Full Name: Nico Bryan Amurao


Height: 5’9
Weight: 57kg
Date of Birth: May 19, 2000
Age: 17
Sex: Male
Religion: Iglesia ni Cristo
CURICULUM VITEA

ERICSON V. GAMIS

Educational Background:

SECONDARY:
Senior High School Accountancy and Business Management
Victoria National High School Main
San Gavino Victoria, Tarlac
2016-2018

Junior High School Grade 10 Completers


Victoria National High School
San Gavino Victoria, Tarlac
2012-2016

Primary Bantog Elementary School


Bantog,Victoria, Tarlac
2006-2012

Trainings Attended:

March 17 2017 Drug Awareness by Philippine National Police


VNHS (Main)

March 2017 Kaalaman, kahandahan, at kaligtasan by


Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction Management
Victoria National High School
March 2017
Personal Data

Full Name: Ericson Valdez Gamis


Height: 5’5
Weight: 55kg
Date of Birth: April 27, 2000
Age: 17
Sex: Male
Religion: Aglipay