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Compare these two sentences: After that, add a little milk.

1) 'Could you close the door?' Finally, stir the coffee.


2) 'Close the door.'
Now let's look at how to do ten-pin bowlling in 5 steps:
You probably think that the first sentence is more polite
than the second – and you are right. First, put on the special shoes.
Then, choose the correct size ball.
1) is a request. We are asking someone to do something. Next, swing the ball behing you.
2) is an instruction. We are telling some what to do. After that, roll the ball down the centre of the alley.
Finally, try and knock down all the pins.
Sentence two uses an imperative to tell someone what to
do. Here's how to learn English:

Note: we can make 'Close the door' into a request by Relax!


adding 'Please' first: 'Please, close the door.' Work hard!
Review!
An imperative is base verb (present simple verb). Above, Use this website!
'close' is the verb. Enjoy it!

Imperatives are direct. Often they are used when we are Imperative adalah verb (kata kerja) yang digunakan
angry. untuk memberikan command (perintah), warning
(peringatan), advice (nasehat), instruction
(instruksi/petunjuk), maupun request (permintaan). Verb
Perhaps your old school teacher told you to: ini merupakan satu dari tiga verb mood (termasuk:
'Sit down! Be quiet! Stop talking!' subjunctive dan indicative).

Imperatives are also used in a less scary way. They are Aturan Penggunaan
used when giving instructions.

 Kata kerja yang digunakan merupakan bare


When you buy, for example, a new DVD player it comes
infinitive (tanpa “to”).
with an instruction book telling you how to use it. This
Contoh:
instruction book is written using imperatives. They are
Go!, Be Careful!, Sit down!
simple to use and easy to explain.
 Verb ini tidak membutuhkan penambahan
subject karena subject “you” telah tersirat
Remember we can't use continuous verbs; only base (elliptical construction).
verbs: Contoh:
'Stand up, please' and NOT 'Standing up, please.' Shut the window!
 Kata kerja dapat dibuat lebih sopan dengan
negative imperatives menambahkan kata “do” di depan verb.
Contoh:
The negative form is do + not + base verb Do open the door
 Bentuk negatif didapat dengan menambahkan
“don’t” atau “do not” di depan verb.
For example:
Contoh:
Do not step on the grass. Don’t be careless.
'Do not smoke in your room.'  Jika pembicara ikut serta dalam tindakan yang
'Don't touch me!' diajukan di dalam kalimat, tambahkan “let’s”
atau “let us” maupun bentuk negatifnya, “let’s
If there are a number of steps in your instructions you not” di depan verb.
can use the following sequence markers: Contoh:
Let’s go to the wedding ceremony. Let’s not
First complain anymore.
Then
Next
After that
Finally

Let's use some imperatives with sequence markers to


show someone how to make a cup of coffee.

First, boil some water.


Then, put coffee into a cup.
Next, pour the hot water into the cup.