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FINAL


 SITE INSPECTION REPORT
HOLLOMAN AIR FORCE BASE,
NEW MEXICO
Site Inspection of Aqueous Film Forming
Foam (AFFF) Release Areas Environmental
Programs Worldwide

Contract FA8903-16-D-0027
Task Order 0004

Prepared for:
Air Force Civil Engineer Center
JBSA Lackland, Texas

November 2018
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FINAL

SITEINSPECTIONREPORT

SITEINSPECTIONOFAQUEOUSFILMFORMINGFOAM(AFFF)RELEASEAREAS
ENVIRONMENTALPROGRAMSWORLDWIDE

HOLLOMANAIRFORCEBASE
ALAMOGORDO,NEWMEXICO

ProjectNo.RPMO20167118

Preparedfor:
AirForceCivilEngineerCenter
JointBaseSanAntonio–Lackland,Texas  

    

Preparedby:



AmecFosterWheelerPrograms,Inc.

ContractFA8903Ͳ16ͲDͲ0027
TaskOrder0004

November2018
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TABLEOFCONTENTS
ACRONYMS............................................................................................................................... ..................vii
EXECUTIVESUMMARY............................................................................................................................... ..ix
1.0 INTRODUCTION............................................................................................................................... .1
1.1 PERͲANDPOLYͲFLUORINATEDALKYLSUBSTANCESOVERVIEW........................................1
1.2 PROJECTOBJECTIVES..........................................................................................................3
1.3 PROJECTSCOPE...................................................................................................................4
2.0 AFFFRELEASEAREABACKGROUND.................................................................................................5
2.1 SITELOCATIONANDSETTING.............................................................................................5
2.2 SITEHISTORY....................................................................................................................... 5
2.3 PREVIOUSINVESTIGATIONS................................................................................................5
3.0 FIELDACTIVITIESANDANALYTICALPROTOCOL..............................................................................7
3.1 AFFFRELEASEAREA1:FORMERFTA(FTͲ31)....................................................................13
3.1.1 SampleLocationandMethodologies...............................................................................13
3.1.2 AnalyticalResults..............................................................................................................14
3.1.3 Conclusions.......................................................................................................................16
3.2 AFFFRELEASEAREA2:SEWAGELAGOONAREAOUTFALL...............................................16
3.2.1 SampleLocationandMethodologies...............................................................................16
3.2.2 AnalyticalResults..............................................................................................................17
3.2.3 Conclusions.......................................................................................................................20
3.3 AFFFRELEASEAREA3:APACHEMESAGOLFCOURSEOUTFALL......................................20
3.3.1 SampleLocationandMethodologies...............................................................................20
3.3.2 AnalyticalResults..............................................................................................................21
3.3.3 Conclusions.......................................................................................................................22
3.4 AFFFRELEASEAREA4:LAKEHOLLOMANOUTFALLS........................................................22
3.4.1 SampleLocationandMethodologies...............................................................................22
3.4.2 AnalyticalResults..............................................................................................................23
3.4.3 Conclusions.......................................................................................................................24
3.5 AFFFRELEASEAREA5:EVAPORATIONPONDNO.2.........................................................24
3.5.1 SampleLocationandMethodologies...............................................................................24
3.5.2 AnalyticalResults..............................................................................................................24
3.5.3 Conclusions.......................................................................................................................25

4.0 MIGRATION/EXPOSUREPATHWAYSANDRECEPTORS..................................................................27
4.1 SOIL(SURFACEANDSUBSURFACE)EXPOSUREPATHWAY...............................................27
4.1.1 LocalGeologicSetting.......................................................................................................27
4.1.2 SoilExposurePathwaysandReceptors............................................................................27
4.1.3 SoilExposureConclusions.................................................................................................28
4.2 GROUNDWATERMIGRATIONPATHWAY..........................................................................28
4.2.1 LocalHydrogeologicSetting..............................................................................................28
4.2.2 GroundwaterExposurePathwaysandReceptors............................................................29
4.2.3 GroundwaterMigrationPathwayConclusions.................................................................30
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4.3 SEDIMENTEXPOSUREPATHWAY......................................................................................30
4.3.1 SedimentExposurePathwaysandReceptors...................................................................30
4.3.2 SedimentExposureConclusions.......................................................................................30
4.4 SURFACEWATEREXPOSUREPATHWAY...........................................................................30
4.4.1 SurfaceWaterExposurePathwaysandReceptors...........................................................30
4.4.2 SurfaceWaterExposureConclusions...............................................................................31

5.0 SUMMARYANDCONCLUSIONS.....................................................................................................33
6.0 REFERENCES............................................................................................................................... ....39 

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FIGURES

Figure2.1Ͳ1 SiteLocationMap
Figure2.3Ͳ1 AFFFReleaseAreas
Figure3.0Ͳ1 BaseCrossͲSectionA–A’
Figure3.0Ͳ2 BaseCrossͲSectionB–B’
Figure3.0Ͳ3 BasewideGroundwaterElevations(October/November2017)
Figure3.1Ͳ1 SamplingLocationsandGroundwaterElevations,FormerFTA(FTͲ31),AFFFReleaseArea
1
Figure3.1Ͳ2 PFASinSoil,FormerFTA(FTͲ31),AFFFReleaseArea1
Figure3.1Ͳ3 PFASinGroundwater,FormerFTA(FTͲ31),AFFFReleaseArea1
Figure3.2Ͳ1 Sampling Locations and Groundwater Elevations, Sewage Lagoon Area Outfall, AFFF
ReleaseArea2
Figure3.2Ͳ2 PFASinSoil,SewageLagoonAreaOutfall,AFFFReleaseArea2
Figure3.2Ͳ3 PFASinGroundwater,SewageLagoonAreaOutfall,AFFFReleaseArea2
Figure3.2Ͳ4 PFASinSediment,SewageLagoonAreaOutfall,AFFFReleaseArea2
Figure3.2Ͳ5 PFASinSurfaceWater,SewageLagoonAreaOutfall,AFFFReleaseArea2
Figure3.3Ͳ1 SamplingLocationsandGroundwaterElevations,ApacheMesaGolfCourseOutfall,AFFF
ReleaseArea3
Figure3.3Ͳ2 PFASinGroundwater,ApacheMesaGolfCourseOutfall,AFFFReleaseArea3
Figure3.3Ͳ3 PFASinSediment,ApacheMesaGolfCourseOutfall,AFFFReleaseArea3
Figure3.3Ͳ4 PFASinSurfaceWater,ApacheMesaGolfCourseOutfall,AFFFReleaseArea3
Figure3.4Ͳ1 SamplingLocations,LakeHollomanOutfalls,AFFFReleaseArea4
Figure3.4.2 PFASinSediment,LakeHollomanOutfalls,AFFFReleaseArea4
Figure3.4Ͳ3 PFASinSurfaceWater,LakeHollomanOutfalls,AFFFReleaseArea4
Figure3.5Ͳ1 SamplingLocationsandGroundwaterElevations,EvaporationPondNo.2,AFFFRelease
Area5
Figure3.5Ͳ2 PFASinSoil,EvaporationPondNo.2,AFFFReleaseArea5
Figure3.5Ͳ3 PFASinGroundwater,EvaporationPondNo.2,AFFFReleaseArea5
Figure4.2Ͳ1 Desktop4ͲmileWaterWellReviewResults(AllWells)
Figure4.2Ͳ2 Desktop4ͲmileWaterWellReviewResults(DowngradientWells) 

SiteInspectionofAqueousFilmFormingFoam(AFFF)ReleaseAreas
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TABLES

Table1.1Ͳ1 RegulatoryScreeningValues (Page3inReport)
Table3.0Ͳ1 MonitoringWellConstructionDetails (TablesSection)
Table3.0Ͳ2 GroundwaterElevations (TablesSection)
Table3.1Ͳ1 SummaryofSoilAnalyticalTestingResults (TablesSection)
Table3.1Ͳ2 SummaryofSoilGeneralChemistryAnalyticalTestingResults (TablesSection)
Table3.1Ͳ3 SummaryofGroundwaterAnalyticalTestingResults (TablesSection)
Table3.1Ͳ4 SummaryofSedimentAnalyticalTestingResults (TablesSection)
Table3.1Ͳ5 SummaryofSurfaceWaterAnalyticalTestingResults (TablesSection)
Table4.0Ͳ1 ConceptualSiteModel:InstallationͲWideSummary (TablesSection)
Table4.2Ͳ1 OffͲBaseWellSummary(DowngradientWells) (TablesSection)
Table5.0Ͳ1 SummaryofAnalyticalResultsandScreeningLevelExceedances (Page34inReport) 

APPENDICES

AppendixA PhotographLog
AppendixB FieldForms
BͲ1 FieldActivityDailyLogs
BͲ2 DailyPFASProtocolChecklists
BͲ3 TailgateSafetyMeetingReports
BͲ4 SoilBoring/MonitoringWellRecords
BͲ5 SoilSampleCollectionLogs
BͲ6 ScreenedWellConstructionForms
BͲ7 WellDevelopmentLogs
BͲ8 WaterQualitySamplingInstrumentCalibrationForms
BͲ9 GroundwaterSamplingLogs
BͲ10 Sediment/SurfaceWaterSampleCollectionLogs
AppendixC LaboratoryAnalyticalReports
AppendixD DataValidationReport
AppendixE IDWNonͲhazardousWasteManifest 
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ACRONYMS

ACC AirCombatCommand
Accutest SGSAccutestAnalyticalLaboratory
AEI AmecFosterWheelerEnvironment&Infrastructure,Inc.
AFB AirForceBase
AFCEC AirForceCivilEngineerCenter
AFFF AqueousFilmFormingFoam
AFSC AirForceSystemsCommand
AMC AirMaterielCommand
AmecFosterWheeler Amec Foster Wheeler Programs, Inc., and its affiliate Amec Foster Wheeler
Environment&InfrastructureInc.,collectively 

BEE BioenvironmentalEngineering
bgs belowgroundsurface
BRAC BaseRealignmentandClosure
BRACC BaseRealignmentandClosureCommission 

CoC ChainͲofͲCustody 

DL DetectionLimit
DO dissolvedoxygen
DoD DepartmentofDefense
DQO DataQualityObjective 

FTA firetrainingarea
FTS fluorotelomersulfonate 

HA HealthAdvisory
HDPE highͲdensitypolyethylene
HGL HydroGeoLogic,Inc.
HSA HollowStemAuger 

IDW InvestigationͲDerivedWaste
ISWP InstallationͲSpecificWorkPlan 

LCͲMSͲMS LiquidChromatographyandTandemMassSpectrometry
LOQ LimitofQuantification 

μg/L microgramsperliter
μg/kg microgramsperkilogram
mg/kg milligramsperkilogram
mg/l milligramsperliter
MS MatrixSpike
MSD MatrixSpikeDuplicate 

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NEtFOSAA NͲEthylperfluorooctanesulfonamidoaceticacid(NEtFOSAA)
NMeFOSAA NͲMethylperfluorooctanesulfonamidoaceticacid
NMED  NewMexicoEnvironmentDepartment
NMWQCC  NewMexicoWaterQualityControlCommission  

ORP oxygenreductionpotential 

PA PreliminaryAssessment
PFAS perͲandpolyfluorinatedalkylsubstances
PFBS perfluorobutanesulfonicacid
PFC perfluorinatedcompound
PFDA Perfluorodecanoicacid
PFDoA Perfluorododecanoicacid
PFHpA perfluoroheptanoicacid
PFHxA Perfluorohexanoicacid
PFHxS perfluorohexanesulfonicacid
PFNA perfluorononanoicacid
PFOA perfluorooctanoicacid
PFOS perfluorooctanesulfonicacid
PFTA Perfluorotetradecanoicacid
PFTrDA Perfluorotridecanoicacid
PFUnA Perfluoroundecanoicacid
PPE personalprotectiveequipment
PVC polyvinylchloride 

QC QualityControl
QPP QualityProgramPlan 

RSL RegionalScreeningLevel 

SESD ScienceandEcosystemSupportDivision
SI SiteInspection
SIR SiteInspectionReport
SOP StandardOperatingProcedure
S.U. StandardUnit
SWMU SolidWasteManagementUnit 

TAC TacticalAirCommand
TDS TotalDissolvedSolids
THQ TotalHazardQuotient
TOC totalorganiccarbon 

USAF UnitedStatesAirForce
USEPA   UnitedStatesEnvironmentalProtectionAgency 

WWTP   wastewatertreatmentplant
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EXECUTIVESUMMARY

ThisSiteInspection(SI)Report(SIR)waspreparedbyAmecFosterWheelerPrograms,Inc.,togetherwith
affiliate Wood Environment & Infrastructure Solutions, Inc. (formerly known as Amec Foster Wheeler
Environment&Infrastructure,Inc.)1,,collectivelyreferredtoasAmecFosterWheeler,underContractNo.
FA8903Ͳ16ͲDͲ0027,TaskOrder0004,todocumenttheresultsofSIactivitiesconductedatfiveaqueous
filmformingfoam(AFFF)releaseareaslocatedatHollomanAirForceBase(AFB).ThepurposeoftheSI
wastodetermine,throughenvironmentalmediasampling,ifareleaseofperͲandpolyfluorinatedalkyl
substances(PFAS)hasoccurredatpotentialAFFFreleaseareasidentifiedduringaPreliminaryAssessment
(PA)conductedbyHydroGeologic,Inc.(HGL)(2015),orduringtheinstallationscopingvisitconductedby
AmecFosterWheeleron27October2016.
The data presented in this SIR were collected and evaluated in accordance with the Final InstallationͲ
SpecificWorkPlan(ISWP)(AmecFosterWheeler,2017a)andtheGeneralQualityProgramPlan(QPP)
(AmecFosterWheeler,2017b).
PFASareaclassofsyntheticorganofluorinecompoundsthatpossessachemicalstructurethatgivesthem
uniqueproperties,includingthermalstabilityandtheabilitytorepelbothwaterandoil.Thesechemical
propertiesmakethemusefulcomponentsinawidevarietyofconsumerandindustrialproducts,including
nonͲstickcookware,foodpackaging,waterproofclothing,fabricstainprotectors,lubricants,paints,and
firefightingfoamssuchasAFFF.AFFFconcentratecontainsfluorocarbonsurfactantstomeetrequired
performancestandardsforfireextinguishingagents(DepartmentofDefense[DoD]MilitarySpecification
MILͲFͲ24385F[SH],Amendment1,5August1984).TheUnitedStatesAirForce(USAF)beganpurchasing
and using AFFF containing PFAS (perfluorooctanesulfonic acid [PFOS] and/or perfluorooctanoic acid
[PFOA]) for extinguishing petroleum fires and during firefighting training activities in 1970.  AFFF was
primarilyusedonUSAFinstallationsatfiretrainingareas(FTAs),butmayhavealsobeenused,storedor
releasedfromhangarfiresuppressionsystems,atfirefightingequipmenttestingandmaintenanceareas,
andduringemergencyresponseactionsforfuelspillsand/oraircraftmishaps.
The United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) Office of Water issued lifetime drinking
waterHealthAdvisory(HA)valuesforPFOSandPFOAinMay2016thatreplacedthe2009ProvisionalHA
values.  The HA values for PFOS and PFOA are 0.07 micrograms per liter (μg/L) for each constituent;
however, when these two chemicals coͲoccur in a drinking water source, a conservative and healthͲ
protectiveapproachisrecommendedthatcomparesthesumoftheconcentrations(PFOS+PFOA)tothe
HAvalue(0.07ʅg/L).HAvaluesarenottobeconstruedaslegallyenforceablefederalstandardsandare
subjecttochangeasadditionalinformationbecomesavailable(USEPA,2016aand2016b).Althoughthe 

1
AmecFosterWheelerEnvironment&Infrastructure,Inc.changeditsnameon6April2018toWoodEnvironment
& Infrastructure Solutions, Inc., to reflect Wood Group’s acquisition of Amec Foster Wheeler. All resource
documentscreated,andactivitiesconductedunderAmecFosterWheelerEnvironment&Infrastructure,Inc.remain
in place, will be referred to Amec Foster Wheeler, and are executed under Wood Environment & Infrastructure
Solutions,Inc.
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USEPAhasnotestablishedHAvaluesforPFASinsoil,theUSAFcalculatedaresidentialscreeninglevelof
1.26milligramsperkilogram(mg/kg)forPFOSandPFOAinsoil,basedonatotalhazardquotient(THQ)of
1.0,  using the USEPA Regional Screening Level (RSL) calculator (https://epaͲprgs.ornl.gov/cgiͲ
bin/chemicals/csl_search).ThisscreeningvaluewaspresentedintheFinalISWP(AmecFosterWheeler,
2017a);however,inMarch2018,theUSAFissuedrevisedguidance,PFASSiteInspectionObjectivesand
FollowͲOnActivities,wherebyanewresidentialscreeninglevelforsoilandsedimentof0.126mg/kgwas
calculatedbasedonaTHQof0.1(USAF,2018).

WhilePFOSandPFOAingroundwaterarethefocusoftheHA,theUSEPAhasalsoderivedTapWaterRSL
valuesforperfluorobutanesulfonicacid(PFBS)forwhichthereisaTier2toxicityvalue(ProvisionalPeer
Review Toxicity Value) (USEPA, 2017a).  Based on the Final ISWP (Amec Foster Wheeler, 2017a),
concentrationsofPFBSdetectedingroundwaterandsoilweretobecomparedtotheTapWaterRSLof
400μg/LandresidentialRSLof1,300mg/kg,respectively.However,aspertheUSAFrevisedguidance
issuedsubsequenttotheISWP,arevisedresidentialscreeninglevelforPFBSinsoilof130mg/kgwas
calculatedbasedonaTHQof0.1andwillbeusedforcomparisoninthisSIR(USAF,2018).

Neither the USEPA nor New Mexico Environment Department (NMED) have issued HA values or
promulgatedstandardsforanyotherPFASconstituentstodate.
HollomanAFBislocatedinOteroCountyinsouthcentralNewMexico,approximatelysixmilessouthwest
of the city of Alamogordo and 75 miles northͲnortheast of El Paso, Texas.  The installation covers
approximately 59,800 acres (USAF, 2017). The installation is located in the Tularosa Basin, which is
boundedbytheSanAndresMountainstothewestandtheSacramentoMountainstotheeast.

HollomanAFBiscurrentlyhomeofthe49thwingoftheACC,96thTestGroup,54thFighterGroupand
theGermanAirForceFlyingTrainingCenter.OperationsatHollomanAFBincludemissiletesting,aircraft
and pilot training, operational equipment and systems testing, and aircraft maintenance and storage
(USAF,2017).

ThePAprovidedfindingsfromresearchconductedtodeterminewhetherandwhereAFFF,containing
PFAS,wasstored,handled,usedorreleasedatHollomanAFB.Basedontheresearchconductedduring
thePA,aswellastheinformationcollectedduringaninstallationscopingvisitconductedbyAmecFoster
Wheeleron27October2016,thefollowingfiveAFFFreleaseareaswererecommendedforSI:

x AFFFReleaseArea1:FormerFTA(FTͲ31).
x AFFFReleaseArea2:SewageLagoonAreaOutfall
x AFFFReleaseArea3:ApacheMesaGolfCourseOutfall
x AFFFReleaseArea4:LakeHollomanOutfalls
x AFFFReleaseArea5:EvaporationPondNo.2
ThespecificobjectivesoftheSIwereasfollows:

x DetermineifPFASarepresentinsoil,sediment,groundwaterorsurfacewateratAFFFrelease
areasselectedforSI;
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x DetermineifPFOSandPFOAconcentrationsinsoilorsedimentexceedthecalculatedRSL,based
onaresidentialexposurescenario,of0.126mg/kg,andPFBSconcentrationsexceedtheUSEPA
residentialRSLof130mg/kg;
x DetermineifconcentrationsofPFOS,PFOA,orthesumofPFOSandPFOA,ingroundwaterand
surfacewaterexceedtheUSEPAHAvalueof0.07μg/L,andifPFBSconcentrationsexceedthe
USEPATapWaterRSLof400μg/L;and,
x Identifypotentialreceptorpathwayswithimmediateimpactstohumanhealth(immediateimpact
tohumanhealthisconsideredconsumptionofdrinkingwaterwithPFOS/PFOAabovetheUSEPA
HAvalue,orPFBSabovetheUSEPATapWaterRSL).

PFASAnalyticalResults
PFOSinsurfaceandsubsurfacesoilexceededthecalculatedRSL,basedonaresidentialscenario,atAFFF
releaseareas1and5.
PFOS,PFOA,and/orPFOS+PFOAingroundwaterexceededtheUSEPAHAvaluesatAFFFreleaseareas1,
2,3,and5(allareaswheregroundwaterwassampled).PFBSingroundwaterwasdetectedbelowthe
USEPATapWaterRSLatallAFFFreleaseareas.
PFOSwasdetectedinsedimentatAFFFreleaseareas2,3,and4;thedetectionsatreleaseareas3and4
exceededthecalculatedRSL.PFOAandPFBSweredetectedinsedimentatAFFFReleaseArea4,butthe
detectionswerebelowtherespectiveRSLs.
PFOS,PFOA,and/orPFOS+PFOAinsurfacewaterexceededtheUSEPAHAvaluesatallAFFFreleaseareas
wheresurfacewatersamplingwasconducted(AFFFreleaseareas2,3,and4).
SurfaceandSubsurfaceSoilReceptors

PotentialhumanreceptorsofPFOSandPFOAconcentrationsinsurfaceandsubsurfacesoilabovetheRSL
atAFFFreleaseareas1and5includeonͲbasepersonnel,groundsmaintenanceworkers,utilityworkers,
constructionworkers,sitevisitors,and/ortrespassers.BasedontheSI,potentialcompletepathwaysfor
humanexposuretoPFASͲimpactedsurfaceandsubsurfacesoilthroughinhalationofdustderivedfrom
contaminatedsurfacesoil,ingestion,and/ordermalcontactwereidentifiedforAFFFreleaseareas1and
5.

GroundwaterReceptors

Potential human receptors from PFAS in groundwater include onͲbase personnel, residents, grounds
maintenanceworkers,utilityworkers,constructionworkersthatmayencountertheshallowwatertable
atAFFFReleaseAreas1,2,3,and5wherePFOS,PFOA,andPFOA+PFOAexceededtheUSEPAHAvalue.

HumangroundwaterreceptorsviatheingestionpathwayarenotpresentforanyAFFFreleaseareaator
downgradient(southwest)ofHollomanAFBsincegroundwaterbeneathHollomanAFBisclassifiedasunfit
forhumanconsumptionduetothegenerallypoorambientgroundwaterquality.Concentrationsoftotal
dissolved solids (TDS) in groundwater exceed the New Mexico Water Quality Control Commission
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(NMWQCC)humanhealthstandardof1,000milligramsperliter(mg/l)andthereforenopotablewater
supplywellsarelocatedatHollomanAFB.Allpotablewaterattheinstallationisobtainedfrom15wells
located12to35milessoutheastoftheinstallationatanaveragedepthof450to550feet(HollomanAFB,
2016).  The potable water supply at Holloman AFB was sampled for PFAS by Holloman AFB
BioenvironmentalEngineering(BEE)personnelandnodetectionswerereported.

AlthoughtheCityofAlamogordoobtainspotablewaterfromthesamewellfieldasHollomanAFB,private
watersupplywellsarealsoutilizedoutsidethecitylimitsandwithin4Ͳmilesoftheinstallationboundary.
Groundwaterflowon,andinthevicinityofHollomanAFBisdirectedtothesouthwest,coincidentwith
regional topography and therefore all identified private water supply wells are located in upͲ or sideͲ
gradientlocationsrelativetotheAFFFreleaseareasandnotconsideredreceptorsforgroundwaterfrom
theinstallation.

Asaresult,thereiscurrentlynopotentialreceptorpathwaywithimmediateimpactstohumanhealthat
HollomanAFB

SedimentReceptors

PotentialhumanreceptorsofPFOSconcentrationsinsedimentabovetheRSLatAFFFreleaseareas3and
4includeonͲbasepersonnel,groundsmaintenanceworkers,utilityworkers,constructionworkers,site
visitors,trespassersand/orrecreationalusersofLakeHollomanthatmaycomeincontactwithimpacted
sediment.Exposureroutesincludedermalcontactwithsubmergedorexposedsedimentduringwork
activities such as maintenance of ponds, drainage ditches, and canals, as well as various recreational
activitiesatordownstreamofLakeHollomanoratApacheMesaGolfCourse.

SurfaceWaterReceptors

Potential human exposure receptors from PFAS in surface water include onͲbase personnel, grounds
maintenance workers, utility workers, construction workers, site visitors or trespassers that may
encountersurfacewateratAFFFreleaseareas2,3and4wherePFOS,PFOA,and/orPFOA+PFOAexceeded
theUSEPAHAvalue.

Surfacewaterat,andadjacenttoHollomanAFBhashighconcentrationsofTDSandisnotpermittedfor
useasapotablewatersource,thereforehumanreceptorsviatheingestionpathwayarenotpresentat
the installation.  As a result, there is currently no potential surface water receptor pathway with
immediateimpactstohumanhealthatHollomanAFB.
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Page1

1.0 INTRODUCTION
ThisSiteInspection(SI)Report(SIR)waspreparedbyAmecFosterWheelerPrograms,Inc.,togetherwith
affiliate Wood Environment & Infrastructure Solutions, Inc. (formerly known as Amec Foster Wheeler
Environment&Infrastructure,Inc.)2,,collectivelyreferredtoasAmecFosterWheeler,underContractNo.
FA8903Ͳ16ͲDͲ0027,TaskOrder0004,todocumenttheresultsofSIactivitiesconductedatfiveaqueous
filmformingfoam(AFFF)releaseareaslocatedatHollomanAirForceBase(AFB).ThepurposeoftheSI
wastodetermine,throughenvironmentalmediasampling,ifareleaseofperͲandpolyfluorinatedalkyl
substances(PFAS)hasoccurredatpotentialAFFFreleaseareasidentifiedduringaPreliminaryAssessment
(PA)conductedbyHydroGeologicInc.(HGL)(2015),orduringtheinstallationscopingvisitconductedby
AmecFosterWheeleron27October2016.

The data presented in this SIR were collected and evaluated in accordance with the Final InstallationͲ
SpecificWorkPlan(ISWP)(AmecFosterWheeler,2017a)andtheGeneralQualityProgramPlan(QPP)
(AmecFosterWheeler,2017b).

1.1 PERͲANDPOLYͲFLUORINATEDALKYLSUBSTANCESOVERVIEW

PFASareaclassofsyntheticorganofluorinecompoundsthatpossessachemicalstructurethatgivesthem
uniqueproperties,includingthermalstabilityandtheabilitytorepelbothwaterandoil.Thesechemical
propertiesmakethemusefulcomponentsinawidevarietyofconsumerandindustrialproducts,including
nonͲstickcookware,foodpackaging,waterproofclothing,fabricstainprotectors,lubricants,paints,and
firefightingfoamssuchasAFFF.AFFFconcentratecontainsfluorocarbonsurfactantstomeetrequired
performancestandardsforfireextinguishingagents(DepartmentofDefense[DoD]MilitarySpecification
MILͲFͲ24385F[SH],Amendment1,5August1984).TheUnitedStatesAirForce(USAF)beganpurchasing
and using AFFF containing PFAS (perfluorooctanesulfonic acid [PFOS] and/or perfluorooctanoic acid
[PFOA])forextinguishingpetroleumfiresandduringfirefightingtrainingactivitiesin1970,asconfirmed
bythefollowingfederalgovernmentdocuments:

x MilitarySpecificationforAFFF(MILͲFͲ24385),formallyissuedin1969;
x GeneralAccountingOfficedeterminationonsolesourceawardprotesttoprovideAFFFtothe
NavyinDecember1969;and,
x AHistoryofUSAFFireProtectionTrainingatChanuteAirForceBase,1964Ͳ1976(Coates,1977). 

2
AmecFosterWheelerEnvironment&Infrastructure,Inc.changeditsnameon6April2018toWoodEnvironment
& Infrastructure Solutions, Inc., to reflect Wood Group’s acquisition of Amec Foster Wheeler. All resource
documentscreated,andactivitiesconductedunderAmecFosterWheelerEnvironment&Infrastructure,Inc.remain
in place, will be referred to Amec Foster Wheeler, and are executed under Wood Environment & Infrastructure
Solutions,Inc.
SiteInspectionofAqueousFilmFormingFoam(AFFF)ReleaseAreas
FinalSiteInspectionReport,HollomanAirForceBase
November2018
Page2

AFFFwasprimarilyusedonUSAFinstallationsatfiretrainingareas(FTAs),butmayhavealsobeenused,
stored or released from hangar fire suppression systems, at firefighting equipment testing and
maintenanceareas,andduringemergencyresponseactionsforfuelspillsand/oraircraftmishaps.

The United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) Office of Water issued lifetime drinking
waterHealthAdvisory(HA)valuesforPFOSandPFOAinMay2016thatreplacedthe2009ProvisionalHA
values.  The HA values for PFOS and PFOA are 0.07 micrograms per liter (μg/L) for each constituent;
however, when these two chemicals coͲoccur in a drinking water source, a conservative and healthͲ
protectiveapproachisrecommendedthatcomparesthesumoftheconcentrations(PFOS+PFOA)tothe
HAvalue(0.07ʅg/L).TheHAvaluesarenonͲregulatoryconcentrationsofdrinkingwatercontaminants
atorbelowwhichadversehealtheffectsarenotanticipatedtooccuroverspecificexposuredurations
(e.g.,1day,10days,andalifetime).Theyserveasinformaltechnicalguidancetoassistfederal,state,
andlocalofficials,andmanagersofpublicorcommunitywatersystemsinprotectingpublichealthwhen
emergencyspillsorothercontaminationsituationsoccur.AHAdocumentprovidesinformationonthe
environmental properties, health effects, analytical methodology, and treatment technologies for
removingdrinkingwatercontaminants.HAvaluesarenottobeconstruedaslegallyenforceablefederal
standards and are subject to change as additional information becomes available (USEPA, 2016a and
2016b).

The USEPA has not published Regional Screening Levels (RSLs) for PFOS or PFOA for soil or sediment;
however; as per the Final ISWP (Amec Foster Wheeler, 2017a), a residential screening level of 1.26
milligramsperkilogram(mg/kg)forPFOSandPFOAwasderivedusingtheUSEPARegionalScreeningLevel
(RSL) calculator (https://epaͲprgs.ornl.gov/cgiͲbin/chemicals/ csl_search), based on a total hazard
quotient(THQ)of1.0.ThetoxicityvalueinputforthecalculatoristheTier3valuereferencedoseof0.00002
mg/kgperdayderivedbytheUSEPAintheirDrinkingWaterHAvaluesforbothPFOSandPFOA(USEPA,
2016aand2016b).InMarch2018,theUSAFissuedrevisedguidance,PFASSiteInspectionObjectivesand
FollowͲOnActivities,wherebyanewresidentialscreeninglevelforsoilandsedimentof0.126mg/kgwas
calculatedbasedonaTHQof0.1(USAF,2018).

WhilePFOSandPFOAingroundwaterarethefocusoftheHA,USEPAhasalsoderivedTapWaterRSL
valuesforperfluorobutanesulfonicacid(PFBS)forwhichthereisaTier2toxicityvalue(ProvisionalPeer
Review Toxicity Value) (USEPA, 2017a).  Based on the Final ISWP (Amec Foster Wheeler, 2017a),
concentrationsofPFBSdetectedingroundwaterandsoilweretobecomparedtotheTapWaterRSLof
400μg/LandresidentialRSLof1,300mg/kg,respectively.However,aspertheUSAFrevisedguidance
issuedsubsequenttotheISWP,arevisedresidentialscreeninglevelforPFBSinsoilof130mg/kgwas
calculatedbasedonaTHQof0.1andwillbeusedforcomparisoninthisSIR(USAF,2018).

Table 1.1Ͳ1 below presents the screening values for comparing analytical results for PFOS, PFOA, and
PFBS.  The USEPA and New Mexico Environment Department (NMED) have not issued HA values or
promulgatedstandardsforanyotherPFAStodate. 
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Table1.1Ͳ1.RegulatoryScreeningValues

USEPARegionalScreeningLevelTable USEPAHealth
(November2017)a CalculatedRSL Advisoryfor
Chemical
forSoilsand DrinkingWater
Parameter Abstract ResidentialSoil Sedimentsb (SurfaceWateror
Number TapWater
andSediments (mg/kg) Groundwater)c
(μg/L) (μg/L)
(mg/kg)
PFOS 1763Ͳ23Ͳ1 NL NL 0.126
0.07d
PFOA 335Ͳ67Ͳ1 NL NL 0.126
PFBS 375Ͳ73Ͳ5 130 400 NL NL
Notes:
a USEPARegionalScreeningLevels(November,2017a)[https://semspub.epa.gov/work/HQ/197027.pdf].
b ScreeninglevelscalculatedusingtheUSEPARegionalScreeningLevelcalculator(https://epaͲprgs.ornl.gov/cgiͲ
bin/chemicals/csl_search)
c USEPA,May2016a.“DrinkingWaterHealthAdvisoryforPerfluorooctaneSulfonate(PFOS)”andUSEPA,May2016b.“Drinking
WaterHealthAdvisoryforPerfluorooctanoicAcid(PFOA).”
d WhenbothPFOAandPFOSarebothpresent,thecombinedconcentrationsofPFOAandPFOSshouldbecomparedwiththe
0.07μg/Lhealthadvisorylevel. 

μg/LͲmicrogramsperliter
mg/kgͲmilligramsperkilogram
NLͲnotlisted
PFBSͲperfluorobutanesulfonicacid
PFOAͲperfluorooctanoicacid
PFOSͲperfluorooctanesulfonicacid
RSLͲRegionalScreeningLevel
USEPAͲUnitedStatesEnvironmentalProtectionAgency

1.2 PROJECTOBJECTIVES

InaccordancewithDoDInstruction4715.18,“EmergingContaminants(ECs)”(DoD,2009),theInterimAF
Guidance on Sampling and Response Actions for Perfluorinated Compounds at Active and Base
Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Installations (USAF, 2012), and the SAF/IE Policy on Perfluorinated
CompoundsofConcern(USAF,2016)theUSAFwill:

1) Identifylocationswherethereisareasonableexpectationthattheremayhavebeenareleaseof
PFAS(definedbelow)associatedwithUSAFactions;

2) Determineifthereisunacceptablerisktohumanhealthandtheenvironment;and,

3) Addressreleasesthatposeanunacceptablerisk,includingoffsitemigration.

TheprimaryobjectivesofthisSIwereto:

x DetermineifPFOS,PFOA,orPFBSarepresentinsoil,groundwater,sediment,orsurfacewaterat
AFFFreleaseareasselectedforSI;
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x Determine if PFOS and PFOA concentrations in soil exceed the calculated RSL, based on a
residential scenario, of 0.126 mg/kg, and if PFBS concentrations in soil exceed the USEPA
residentialRSLof130mg/kg;
x DetermineifPFOS,PFOA,orsumofPFOSandPFOAconcentrationsingroundwaterexceedthe
USEPAHAvalueof0.07μg/L,andifPFBSconcentrationsingroundwaterexceedtheUSEPATap
WaterRSLof400μg/L;
x DetermineifPFOSandPFOAconcentrationsinsedimentexceedthecalculatedRSL,basedona
residentialscenarioof0.126mg/kg,andifPFBSconcentrationsinsedimentexceedtheUSEPA
residentialRSLof130mg/kg;
x DetermineifPFOS,PFOA,orsumofPFOSandPFOAconcentrationsinsurfacewaterexceedthe
USEPAHAvalueof0.07μg/L;and,
x Identifypotentialreceptorpathwayswithimmediateimpactstohumanhealth(immediateimpact
tohumanhealthisconsideredconsumptionofdrinkingwaterwithPFOS/PFOAabovetheUSEPA
HAvalue,orPFBSabovetheUSEPATapWaterRSL).

1.3 PROJECTSCOPE

AFFFrelease areaswereselectedforSIatHollomanAFBbasedonresearchconductedby HGL (2015)
duringaPA,andfromtheinstallationscopingvisitconductedbyAmecFosterWheeleron27October
2016.ThefollowingfiveAFFFreleaseareasrecommendedforSIareasfollows:

x AFFFReleaseArea1:FormerFTA(FTͲ31).
x AFFFReleaseArea2:SewageLagoonAreaOutfall
x AFFFReleaseArea3:ApacheMesaGolfCourseOutfall
x AFFFReleaseArea4:LakeHollomanOutfalls
x AFFFReleaseArea5:EvaporationPondNo.2
Mediaevaluatedattheseareasconsistedofsurfaceandsubsurface(vadosezone)soilandgroundwater
collectedfromnewandexistingmonitoringwells,surfacewater,andsediment.Inaddition,aneffluent
samplewascollectedfromthewastewatertreatmentplant(WWTP)aspartofSIactivitiesassociatedwith
AFFFReleaseArea3.

ThisSIRdiscussesandprovidesacomparisonoftheanalyticalresultstoscreeningvaluesforPFOS,PFOA,
andPFBSinsoil,groundwater,surfacewater,andsediment.TheremainingPFASdonothavescreening
values; therefore, only the results of PFOS, PFOA, and PFBS are discussed in detail and presented in
figures.However,alldataarepresentedinthesoil,groundwater,surfacewater,andsedimentanalytical
tables.
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2.0 AFFFRELEASEAREABACKGROUND
2.1 SITELOCATIONANDSETTING

HollomanAFBislocatedinOteroCountyinsouthcentralNewMexico,approximatelysixmilessouthwest
ofthecityofAlamogordoand75milesnorthͲnortheastofElPaso,Texas(Figure1).Theinstallationcovers
approximately59,800acres(USAF,2017).TheinstallationislocatedintheTularosaBasin,aclosedbasin
withnosurfacedrainageoutlets,whichisboundedbytheSanAndresMountainstothewestandthe
SacramentoMountainstotheeast.

2.2 SITEHISTORY

Holloman AFB, formerly known as Alamogordo Army Air Field, was initiated as a wartime temporary
facilityin1942.InMarch1947afterabriefinactivationattheendofWorldWarII,theinstallationwas
transferred to the Air Materiel Command (AMC) with the mission of providing facilities and testing of
pilotlessaircraft,guidedmissilesandalliedequipmentinsupportoftheAMCResearchandDevelopment
Program(CH2MHILL,1983).Theinstallationwasrenamedin1948afterColonelGeorgeHolloman,an
earlypioneerinpilotlessaircraftresearch(USAF,2017).In1951,whentheAirResearchandDevelopment
Commandwasformed,HollomanAFBwasplacedundertheguidanceoftheAirForceMissileTestCenter.
Thefollowingyear,theinstallationwasnamedasoneofthedevelopmentcentersoftheAirResearchand
TrainingDevelopmentCommandandbecametheHollomanAirDevelopmentCenter(EbascoServices,
Inc.[Ebasco],1995).In1957,theinstallationwastransferredtotheAirForceSystemsCommand(AFSC)
and was designated as the Air Force Missile Development Center (CH2M HILL, 1983).  In 1971, the
installationwastransferredfromAFSCtotheTacticalAirCommand(TAC)withthe49thTacticalFighter
Wingassuminghostresponsibilities.In1977,the479thTacticalTrainingWingwasactivatedatHolloman
andinDecember1980,the833rdAirDivisionwasreactivatedandbecameoperationalatHollomanAFB
(CH2MHILL,1983).HollomanAFBwastransferredfromtheTACtotheAirCombatCommand(ACC)in
June1992(Ebasco,1995).

HollomanAFBiscurrentlyhomeofthe49thwingoftheACC,96thTestGroup,54thFighterGroupand
theGermanAirForceFlyingTrainingCenter.OperationsatHollomanAFBincludemissiletesting,aircraft
and pilot training, operational equipment and systems testing, and aircraft maintenance and storage
(USAF,2017).

2.3 PREVIOUSINVESTIGATIONS

HGL conducted a PA of FTA and nonͲFTA sites at Holloman AFB to determine locations of potential
environmentalreleaseofPFASfromAFFFstorageorusageareas(HGL,2015).ThirtyͲonepotentialAFFF
releaseareaswereidentifiedduringthePAresearch.However,onlythefollowingfourAFFFareaswere
recommendedforSI(Figure2.3Ͳ1):

1) FormerFTA(FTͲ31):FiretrainingactivitieswerereportedlyconductedinthegeneralareaofFTͲ31
sincetheinstallationwasactivatedin1942,althoughtheexactstartdateoffiretrainingatFTͲ31
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is unknown (Environmental Monitoring Systems Laboratory [EMSL], 1988).  Fire training was
conductedintwounlinedburnpitareas,thefirstidentifiedasFTAͲ1(SolidWasteManagement
Unit[SWMU]Ͳ170),andthesecondwasidentifiedasFTAͲ2(SWMU171)withintheformerFTA.
The volume of AFFF used during each training exercise is unknown.  Fire training activities
continued at this location until 1990 when training exercises were moved to the current FTA
(BhateEnvironmental[Bhate],2005).
2) Sewage Lagoon Area Outfall:  Prior to construction of a WWTP in 1996, wastewater from
HollomanAFBwasdischargeddirectlyintothesewagelagoonareathatwascomprisedofseven
unlinedlagoons(identifiedaspondsAthroughG).Approximately1.2milliongallonsofdomestic
andindustrialwastewaterweredischargedtothesewagelagoonareadaily.
3) Apache Mesa Golf Course Outfall:  In 2011, the golf course began receiving a portion of the
effluentfromtheWWTPtofilltwogolfcoursepondsandirrigategreens.ReleasesofAFFFfrom
withintheindustrialshopsatHollomanwouldberoutedthroughtheWWTPandeventuallylead
tothewaterholdingtankattheApacheMesaGolfCourse.
4) LakeHollomanOutfalls:WastewaterfromHollomanAFBwasdischargeddirectlytothesewage
lagoonarea,andeventuallytoLakeHollomanpriortoconstructionoftheWWTPin1996.

ThefollowingadditionalareawasrecommendedforSIbasedondataobtainedduringthescopingvisit
conductedon27October2016:

5) EvaporationPondNo.2:Theevaporationbasinwasinstalledin1991andcurrentlycollectsall
dischargescontainingAFFF,routedthroughhangarbayfloordrainsfromhangarslocatedinthe
westernrampareaoftheWestHangarGroup.TheHollomanAFBFireDepartmentusesthisbasin
formonthlyAFFFtestsandfirehosewashouts.AFFFisreportedlysprayedfromvehiclesintothe
ponduntilaconsistentflowpatternisestablished(HGL,2015).
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3.0 FIELDACTIVITIESANDANALYTICALPROTOCOL
SI activities were conducted at Holloman AFB from 30 October to 7 November 2017 at the five AFFF
releaseareasidentifiedduringthePA(HGL,2015)andtheinstallationscopingvisitconductedbyAmec
FosterWheelerinOctober2016(Figure2.3Ͳ1).Samplelocationsweredeterminedfollowingdiscussions
betweenAmecFosterWheeler,HollomanAFB,andAirForceCivilEngineer(AFCEC)personnel,andwere
documented in the Final ISWP (Amec Foster Wheeler, 2017a).  Media sampled during the SI included
surfacesoil,subsurfacesoil,groundwatercollectedfromnewandexistingpermanentmonitoringwells,
surfacewater,sedimentandeffluentfromtheWWTP.

Photographic documentation of the SI activities is provided in Appendix A and field documentation is
providedinAppendixB.Inspectionactivitieswererecordedbyfieldpersonnelonfieldactivitydailylogs
(AppendixBͲ1),anddailyPFASprotocolchecklistswerecompleted(AppendixBͲ2)toensurePFASwere
notintroducedbyAmecFosterWheeleremployeesorsubcontractorsinaccordancewithSOPAFWͲ01
(PFAS)–Field SamplingProtocols to AvoidCrossͲContaminationofPFAS. Atailgatesafety meetingwas
conductedeachmorningpriortobeginningwork,withthetailgatesafetymeetingreportsprovidedin
AppendixBͲ3.

SoilBoringAdvancementandSoilSampleCollection

Thirteensoilboringswereadvancedforthecollectionofsoilsamplesand/orpermanentmonitoringwell
installationbyaNewMexicoͲlicenseddriller,YellowJacketDrillingServices,LLC.,ofPhoenix,Arizona.Soil
boringswerefirstcleared(forburiedutilities)toadepthoffivefeetbelowgroundsurface(bgs)witha
handaugerandcompletedforsamplingpurposesusinghollowstemauger(HSA)drillingmethods.Soil
samples were continuously collected from five feet below ground surface (after completing the hand
auger utility pilot hole) to approximately ten feet below firstͲencountered groundwater using
decontaminated5ͲfootlongstainlessͲsteelsplitͲbarrelsamplersinaccordancewithSOPAFWͲ02(PFAS)–
Soil Sampling.  The soil samples were fieldͲscreened with a photoionization detector equipped with a
10.6electronvoltlampforvolatileorganicvapors,andloggedbyaqualifiedgeoscientistinaccordance
withtheUnifiedSoilClassificationSystem.Theresultingsoilboringinformation,photoionizationdetector
readings,stratigraphicdata,andsoilsamplelocationsareincludedonsoilboring/monitoringwellrecords
provided in Appendix BͲ4, while the soil sample data (sample ID numbers, date/time collected, and
depths) are included on soil sample collection logs in Appendix BͲ5.  CrossͲsections illustrating
stratigraphicdataarepresentedonFigures3.0Ͳ1and3.0Ͳ2.

Surface soil samples were collected using hand held decontaminated stainlessͲsteel trowels prior to
commencementofeachsoilboring.Subsurfacesoilsampleswerecollectedfromthe desiredinterval
within the splitͲbarrel sampling device using a decontaminated stainlessͲsteel spoon and transferred
directlyintolaboratoryͲprovidedhighͲdensitypolyethylene(HDPE)containers.Samplecontainerswere
sealed,labeled,packedintoiceͲfilledcoolers,anddeliveredunderchainͲofͲcustody(CoC)protocoltoSGS
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AccutestinOrlando,Florida(Accutest)forPFASanalysis,orCTLaboratoriesinBaraboo,Wisconsinfor
physiochemicalpropertiesanalysis.

MonitoringWellInstallationandDevelopment

FivepermanentmonitoringwellswereinstalledatthreeoftheAFFFreleaseareasduringtheSIthrough
the8ͲinchoutsidediameterHSAaugers.Monitoringwellconstructionwasbasedonobserveddepthto
water at the time of drilling and geologic conditions encountered.  All new monitoring wells were
constructedinaccordancewiththeISWPtoeffectivelybracketthewatertable.Themonitoringwells
were constructed in accordance with SOP AFWͲ04 (PFAS)ͲMonitoring Well Installation and NMED’s
MonitoringWellConstructionandAbandonmentGuidelines(NMED,2011).Thepermanentmonitoring
wells were constructed of twoͲinchͲdiameter, Schedule 40 polyvinyl chloride (PVC) riser casing and a
threaded10Ͳfootsectionof0.010Ͳinchslotted2ͲinchͲdiameterSchedule40PVCscreenandendcap.Well
construction details for the monitoring wells installed during the SI are provided on well construction
formsinAppendixBͲ6.Table3.0Ͳ1providesasummaryofthewellconstructiondetailsforthemonitoring
wellsinstalledduringtheSIandfortheexistingmonitoringwellssampledduringtheSI.

ThemonitoringwellsweredevelopedwithaWaterraHydroliftͲ2inertialpumpoutfittedwithdisposable
HDPEtubingandcheckͲvalve,inaccordancewithSOPAFWͲ05(PFAS)–MonitoringWellDevelopmentand
NMED’sMonitoringWellConstructionandAbandonmentGuidelines(NMED,2011).Duringdevelopment,
waterqualityparameters(pH,specificconductance,temperature,oxidationͲreductionpotential[ORP],
dissolvedoxygen[DO],andturbidity)weremeasuredwithwaterqualityinstrumentsandrecordedon
WellDevelopmentLogs(AppendixBͲ7).Aminimumofthreesaturatedcasingvolumesofwaterwere
purgedfromeachnewlyinstalledwellduringdevelopment,andcontinueduntilthefieldwaterquality
parametersstabilized(i.e.,threeconsecutivepH,specificconductance,andtemperaturereadingswithin
10percent,themaximumturbidityis50nephelometricturbidityunitsorless),orthewellwaspumped
dry.Thewaterqualityinstrumentationwasfieldcalibratedasperthemanufacturer’sinstructionsaswell
asinaccordancewiththeQPP(AmecFosterWheeler,2017b),andtheresultsrecordedonwaterquality
samplinginstrumentcalibrationforms(AppendixBͲ8).

GroundwaterElevations

Depthtowatermeasurementswererecordedfromeachpermanentmonitoringwellpriortogroundwater
purgingandsampling,andgroundwaterelevationswerecalculatedrelativetotopͲofͲcasingelevations.
TopofcasingelevationsweresurveyedbyaprofessionallylicensedNewMexicosurveyorfromtheAmec
FosterWheelerPhoenix,Arizonaoffice.DepthtogroundwaterinOctoberͲNovember2017rangedfrom
4.47to24.02feetbelowtopofcasing,andthecalculatedgroundwaterelevationsrangedfrom4021.82
feetabovemeansealevel(amsl)intheSewageLagoonArea(AFFFReleaseArea2)to4081.678feetamsl
attheFormerFTA(AFFFReleaseArea1)(Table3.0Ͳ2).Localgroundwaterflowvariesanddependson
localtopography,andtheamountofrainfallpercolationandstreamrunoffalongthewesternSacramento
Mountains.BasewidegroundwaterflowisgenerallytothesouthwesttowardsLakeHollomanwiththe
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exceptionofgroundwateratAFFFReleaseArea1(FormerFTA[FTͲ31])thatflowstothesoutheasttowards
theDillardDraw(Figure3.0Ͳ3).

GroundwaterSampling

The groundwater sampling program included the collection of groundwater samples for laboratory
chemicalanalysisofPFASfromfivenewandthreeexistingpermanentmonitoringwells.Sampleswere
collectedusinglowͲflowgroundwatersamplingmethodswithaperistalticpumpinaccordancewithSOP
AFWͲ03(PFAS)ͲGroundwaterSampling.TheHDPEtubingwasconnectedtoaflowͲthroughcellwhereby
recoveredgroundwaterwasmonitoredforpH,temperature,specificconductivity,DO,andORP.Turbidity
was measured with a separate turbidity meter.  Groundwater quality measurement equipment was
calibratedpriortouse,withtheresultingdatarecordedonwaterqualitysamplinginstrumentcalibration
formscontainedinAppendixBͲ8.Depthtowatermeasurementsandfieldparametersweremonitored
untilgroundwaterindicatorparametersreachedstabilizationcriteriaasoutlinedinSOPAFWͲ03(PFAS)–
Groundwater Sampling.  The flowͲthrough cell was then removed, and groundwater samples were
collected directly into laboratoryͲprovided HDPE containers from the discharge tubing.  The sample
containersweresealed,labeled,packedoniceinaninsulatedcooler,anddeliveredtoAccutestunder
CoC protocol.  Groundwater sampling activities were documented on Groundwater Sampling Logs
providedinAppendixBͲ9.

SoilBoringAbandonment

Theeightsoilboreholesnotusedforpermanentwellinstallationwereabandonedwith neatPortland
cement via the tremie pipe method between 30 October and 2 November 2017, as per SOP AFWͲ06
(PFAS)–Borehole Abandonment, and the New Mexico Environment Department’s (NMED) Monitoring
WellConstructionandAbandonmentGuidelines(NMED,2011).

Sediment/SurfaceWaterSampling

SedimentandsurfacewatersampleswerecollectedtoassessthepresenceorabsenceofPFASatsurface
waterfeaturesassociatedwithAFFFReleaseArea2(SewageLagoonAreaOutfall),AFFFReleaseArea3
(Apache Mesa Golf Course Outfall), and AFFF Release Area 4 (Lake Holloman Outfalls) during the SI.
SedimentsampleswerecollectedwithastainlessͲsteelscooporwithanewdisposableHDPEsediment
core sampler in accordance with SOP AFWͲ07 (PFAS)–Sediment Sampling. The samples were then
transferredintothelaboratoryprovidedcontainersusingastainlessͲsteelscoop.Surfacewatersamples
werecollectedwithastainlessͲsteelcupmountedonanextendablepoleanddecantedintolaboratoryͲ
providedcontainersorwerecollecteddirectlyintolaboratoryͲprovidedcontainersfollowingatriplerinse
ofthecontainer,inaccordancewithSOPAFWͲ08(PFAS)–SurfaceWaterSampling.Aseparatecontainer
ofwaterwascollectedtoobtainwaterqualityparameters(pH,temperature,specificconductivity,DO,
andORP).Waterqualityequipmentwascalibratedpriortouse,withtheresultingdatarecordedonwater
qualitysamplinginstrumentcalibrationformscontainedinAppendixBͲ8.Thesamplecontainerswere
sealed, labeled, packed on ice in an insulated cooler, and delivered to Accutest under CoC protocol.
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Samplecollectiondatawasdocumentedonsediment/surfacewatersamplecollectionlogsprovidedin
AppendixBͲ10.

WWTPEffluentWaterSampling

AWWTPeffluentsamplewascollectedtoassessthepresenceorabsenceofPFASintheeffluentthatis
dischargedandtransferredtothestoragetankatthegolfcourse.Theeffluentsamplewascollectedvia
anaccesspointasdirectedbyWWTPstaffwhereaHDPEbucketwasloweredintoanopeneffluentstream
afteratriplerinsewitheffluentwatertoobtainabulkquantity(approximately3gallons)ofeffluentwater.
SampleswerethencollectedintolaboratoryͲprovidedcontainersfollowingatriplerinseofthecontainer
while discarding rinse water back into the effluent stream, in accordance with SOP AFWͲ09 (PFAS)–
Groundwater Treatment System Influent and Effluent Sampling. The sample containers were sealed,
labeled,packedoniceinaninsulatedcooler,anddeliveredtoAccutestunderCoCprotocol.Aseparate
container of water was collected to obtain water quality parameters (pH, temperature, specific
conductivity,DO,andORP).Waterqualityequipmentwascalibratedpriortouse,withtheresultingdata
recorded on water quality sampling instrument calibration forms contained in Appendix BͲ8. Sample
collectiondatawasdocumentedonsediment/surfacewatersamplecollectionlogsprovidedinAppendix
BͲ10.

TotalSampleCounts

Thefollowingtotalsamplecountsforeachmediasamples(includingfieldduplicatesamples)collected
duringSIactivitiesatHollomanAFBarelistedbelow:

x 30soilsamples(includingfourduplicatesamples)werecollectedat13soilboringlocationsduring
theSI;
x 9 groundwater samples (including one duplicate sample) were collected from five permanent
monitoringwellsandthreeexistingmonitoringwellsduringtheSI;
x 2effluentsamples(includingoneduplicatesample)werecollectedfromtheWWTPduringtheSI;
x 6sedimentsamples(includingoneduplicatesample)werecollectedfromfivelocationsatthree
AFFFreleaseareasduringtheSI;and,
x 6surfacewatersamples(includingoneduplicatesample)werecollectedfromfivelocationsat
threeAFFFreleaseareasduringtheSI

SamplescollectedduringtheSIwereanalyzedforthefollowing16PFAScompounds:

x PFOS;
x PFOA;
x PFBS;
x Perfluoroheptanoicacid(PFHpA);
x Perfluorohexanesulfonicacid(PFHxS);
x Perfluorononanoicacid(PFNA);
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x NͲEthylperfluorooctanesulfonamidoaceticacid(NEtFOSAA);
x NͲMethylperfluorooctanesulfonamidoaceticacid(NMeFOSAA);
x Perfluorodecanoicacid(PFDA);
x Perfluorotetradecanoicacid(PFTA);
x Perfluorododecanoicacid(PFDoA);
x Perfluorohexanoicacid(PFHxA);
x Perfluorotridecanoicacid(PFTrDA);
x Perfluoroundecanoicacid(PFUnA);
x 6:2fluorotelomersulfonate(FTS);and,
x 8:2FTS.

Soil,groundwater,sedimentandsurfacewatersampleswereanalyzedbyAccutest,aDoDEnvironmental
Laboratory Accreditation Program accredited laboratory.  Samples were analyzed by Modified USEPA
Method537usingLiquidChromatographyandTandemMassSpectrometry(LCͲMS/MS).TheLCͲMS/MS
methodprovidesacceptabledetectionlimitstoconfirmthepresenceofPFASlistedabove.Thelaboratory
analyticalreportsforthePFASsamplescollectedduringtheSIareincludedinAppendixC.

AnalyticalresultsforPFOS,PFOA,andPFBSarediscussedinthefollowingsections,whiletheanalytical
resultsfortheremainingPFASconstituentsaretabulatedandprovidedattheconclusionofthisSIR.

CoͲoccurrenceofPFOSandPFOA(PFOS+PFOA)inaqueoussampleswasreportedusingthefollowing
guidelines:

1. IfPFOSandPFOAarebothdetectedinconcentrationsatorabovethelaboratorydetectionlimit
(DL) in groundwater, then the reported concentration for PFOS was added to the reported
concentrationforPFOA.
2. IfonlyPFOSoronlyPFOAisdetectedatorabovetheDLingroundwater,thentheconcentration
ofthedetectedanalyteonlyisreported.
3. IfneitherPFOSnorPFOAaredetectedatconcentrationsatorabovetheDL,thencoͲoccurrence
wasreportedasNotDetected.

Onecompositesurfacesoilsampleandonecompositesubsurfacesoilsamplewerealsocollectedateach
AFFF release area where soil sampling was conducted and submitted to CT Laboratories in Baraboo,
Wisconsinforlaboratoryanalysisofphysiochemicalproperties,includingsoilpH(USEPAMethod9045B),
particle size analysis (ASTM International D422), and total organic carbon (TOC) content (Lloyd Kahn
9060A Method).  The particle size analysis was subcontracted to MiͲTech Services, Inc. in Weston,
Wisconsin.Thelaboratoryanalyticalreportsforthephysiochemicalpropertiessamplescollectedduring
theSIareincludedinAppendixC.  

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DataValidationandUsabilityAssessment

LaboratoryanalyticaldatafromsoilandgroundwatersamplesanalyzedforPFASwerevalidatedinJanuary
2018.AmecFosterWheelerevaluatedatotalof848datarecordsfromfieldsamplesduringthevalidation
processandJorUJqualified152records(17.9%)asapproximatevaluesbecauseofhighorlowlaboratory
control sample recoveries, high or low matrix spike (MS)/MS duplicate (MSD) recoveries, MS/MSD
imprecision,lowsurrogaterecoveries,fieldduplicateimprecision,and/oranalyteconcentrationsbetween
theDLandtheLimitofQuantification(LOQ).AmecFosterWheeleralsoBorQqualified36records(4.2%)
becauseofcontaminationdetectedinanassociatedequipmentblank.

Duringvalidation,AmecFosterWheelerJqualifiedoneaqueousPFOAandtwoaqueousPFOSresultsas
beingapproximatedvaluesbecauseofanalyteconcentrationsbetweentheDLandtheLOQ,indicating
potentiallylowbias.TheassociatedPFOAandPFOSresultswereovertwoordersofmagnitudegreater
than the screening criteria of 0.07 μg/L; therefore, the potentially low bias in these results is not
interpretedtoaffectoveralldatausability.

Two sediment PFOS results were J qualified as being approximated values because of low surrogate
recoveryand/orlowMSrecovery,biasingtheresultslow.TheassociatedPFOSresultswereabovethe
screeningcriteriaof0.126mg/kgandthereforethepotentiallylowbiasintheseresultsisnotinterpreted
toaffectoveralldatausability.

TwosoilfieldduplicatepairshaddetectedPFOSconcentrationsathighrelativepercentdifferencelevels
(40%and48%),andwereJqualifiedduetoimprecisionbetweenfieldduplicateresults.Theanalytical
uncertaintyduetosamplingoranalyticalimprecisionisnotinterpretedtoadverselyaffectoveralldata
usability.

FortheareassampledinthisSI,adecisiontoadvanceareasforfurtherinvestigationwasbasedeitheron
nonͲqualifieddataorqualifieddatathatarenotinterpretedtoimpactoveralldatausability.Adescription
ofthedatavalidationscope,procedures,observationsandactionsispresentedintheDataValidation
ReportprovidedinAppendixD.

Surveying

SoilboringsandnewlyinstalledpermanentmonitoringwellsweresurveyedbyaNewMexicoLicensed
Professional Surveyor (Amec Foster Wheeler, Phoenix, Arizona) for horizontal coordinates and
groundwatersurfaceand/ortopͲofͲcasingelevations(Table3.0Ͳ1).Horizontalcoordinatesweresurveyed
basedonNew MexicoStatePlaneCoordinate System,Central Zone,UnitedStatesSurveyFeet, North
AmericanDatumof1983.GroundwatersurfaceandtopͲofͲcasingelevationswerecollectedbasedon
NorthAmericanVerticalDatumof1988.

InvestigationͲDerivedWaste

InvestigationͲDerived Waste (IDW) consisted of soil cuttings from soil boring advancement, well
developmentwater,groundwatersamplingpurgewater,equipmentdecontaminationwater,disposable
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personalprotectiveequipment(PPE),andothermiscellaneousrefuse.UsedPPEandothermiscellaneous
refusewasplacedinplasticbagsanddiscardedintoanonͲsitesanitarytrashcontainerfordisposalata
sanitary landfill.  Soil and liquid IDW was containerized in Department of TransportationͲapproved
55Ͳgallonsteeldrums.Compositegrabsampleswerecollectedon6November2017fromthe13drums
ofsoilIDWand12drumsofliquidIDWgeneratedduringtheSI.Thesampleswerelaboratoryanalyzed
byAccutestforlaboratoryanalysisofPFAS,andbyCTLaboratoriesforvolatileorganiccompounds,semiͲ
volatile organic compounds, pesticides, herbicides, metals, polychlorinated biphenyls, total petroleum
hydrocarbons (gasoline range organics and diesel range organics), percent solids, flashpoint, pH, and
cyanide,todeterminetheapplicabledisposaloptions(AppendixC).

The25drumsofIDWweretransportedoffͲsiteon19July2018byCactusEnvironmentalServicesasnonͲ
hazardouswastefordisposalattheTurkeyCreekLandfillinAlvarado,Texas.ThenonͲhazardouswaste
manifestsareprovidedinAppendixE.

A detailed description of sampling locations and results at each AFFF release area is provided in the
followingsections.

3.1 AFFFRELEASEAREA1:FORMERFTA(FTͲ31)

FiretrainingactivitieswereconductedperformedattheFormerFTAlocatedatthenortheasternportion
ofthebasebetween1942and1990whentrainingexercisesweremovedtothecurrentFTA(Bhate,2005).
Thetrainingexerciseswereconductedintwounlinedburnpitareas,thefirstidentifiedasFTAͲ1(SWMUͲ
170),andthesecondwasidentifiedasFTAͲ2(SWMUͲ171).ThevolumeofAFFFusedduringeachtraining
exerciseisunknown.

3.1.1 SampleLocationandMethodologies

SoilSamples

SoilboringsSB01001,SB01002,SB01003,MW01004,andSB01005wereadvancedon30and31October
2017attheFormerFTAwithintheSWMUͲ135/OWSDrainagePit,andwithinandsouthoftheSWMUͲ
170/FTAͲ1,andSWMUͲ171/FTAͲ2burnpitswhereAFFFmayhavebeenreleased(Figure3.1Ͳ1).Surface
soilsampleswerecollectedfromallsoilboringlocationsat0to0.5Ͳfootbgs,andsubsurfacesoilsamples
werecollectedatdepthsrangingfrom17to23feetbgs,forPFASanalysis.Compositesoilsampleswere
collectedfromallsoilboringsat0to0.5Ͳfootbgsand17to23feetbgsforTOC,pH,andparticlesize
analysis.Groundwaterwasencounteredatapproximately21to24feetbgsduringboringadvancement.

GroundwaterSamples

OnepermanentmonitoringwellwasinstalledinsoilboringMW01004on30October2017toassessPFAS
concentrationsattheFormerFTA(Figure3.1Ͳ1).TheinstalledpermanentmonitoringwellMW01004,as
wellastwoexistingmonitoringwellsFT31ͲLM4andFT31ͲLM5,weredevelopedon3November2017and
sampledon5and6November2017.
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3.1.2 AnalyticalResults

3.1.2.1 SoilResults

Sixsurfacesoilsamples(includingoneduplicate)andsixsubsurfacesoilsamples(includingoneduplicate)
were analyzed for PFAS, with the results provided in Table 3.1Ͳ1, illustrated on Figure 3.1Ͳ2, and
summarizedbelow.

SB01001:

x PFOS was detected below the RSL at the surface sampling interval (0 to 0.5 feet bgs) at a
concentration of 0.0576 mg/kg, and was detected above the RSL at the subsurface sampling
interval(22to23feetbgs)atamaximumapproximateconcentrationof1.13mg/kg.
x PFOA was detected below the RSL at the surface sampling interval (0 to 0.5 feet bgs) at a
concentration of 0.0123 mg/kg, and was detected above the RSL at the subsurface sampling
interval(22to23feetbgs)atamaximumconcentrationof0.19mg/kg.
x PFBS was detected below the RSL at the two sampling intervals at an approximate maximum
concentrationof0.0577mg/kg(fieldduplicate;22to23feetbgs).

SB01002:

x PFOS was detected above the RSL at the two sampling intervals at a maximum approximate
concentrationof0.26mg/kg(0to0.5feetbgs).
x PFOA was detected below the RSL at the two sampling intervals at an approximate maximum
concentrationof0.0602mg/kg(17to18feetbgs).
x PFBSwasnotdetectedateitherinterval.

SB01003:

x PFOS was detected above the RSL at the surface sampling interval (0 to 0.5 feet bgs) at a
concentrationof0.33mg/kg,andbelowtheRSLatthesubsurfacesamplinginterval(21to22feet
bgs)ataconcentrationof0.00077mg/kg.
x PFOAwasdetectedbelowtheRSLatthetwosamplingintervalsatamaximumconcentrationof
0.115mg/kg(21to22feetbgs).
x PFBSwasdetectedbelowtheRSLatthetwosamplingintervalsatamaximumconcentrationof
0.0583mg/kg(0to0.5feetbgs).

MW01004:

x PFOS was detected above the RSL at the surface sampling interval (0 to 0.5 feet bgs) at a
concentrationof0.217mg/kg,andwasnotdetectedinthesubsurfacesamplinginterval(19to20
feetbgs).
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x PFOA was detected below the RSL at the surface sampling interval (0 to 0.5 feet bgs) at a
concentrationof0.031mg/kg,andwasnotdetectedinthesubsurfacesamplinginterval(19to20
feetbgs).
x PFBS was detected below the RSL at the surface sampling interval (0 to 0.5 feet bgs) at an
approximateconcentrationof0.00101mg/kg,andwasnotdetectedinthesubsurfacesampling
interval(19to20feetbgs)

SB01005:

x PFOS was detected below the RSL at the surface sampling interval (0 to 0.5 feet bgs) at an
approximate concentration of 0.0242 mg/kg, and above the RSL in the subsurface sampling
intervalataconcentrationof0.247mg/kg(19to20feetbgs).
x PFOA was detected below the RSL at the two sampling intervals at a maximum approximate
concentrationof0.057mg/kg(19to20feetbgs).
x PFBSwasnotdetectedatthesurfacesamplinginterval(0to0.5feetbgs),andwasdetectedbelow
theRSLinthesubsurfacesamplingintervalatanapproximateconcentrationof0.0441mg/kg(19
to20feetbgs).

ThecompositeTOCconcentrationsrangedfrom1,720mg/kg(0to0.5feetbgs)to5,790mg/kg(17to23
feetbgs),whilethecompositepHconcentrationsrangedfrom7.79StandardUnits(S.U.)(17to23feet
bgs)to7.89S.U.(0to0.5feetbgs)(Table3.1Ͳ2).Theparticlesizeanalyticalresultsforthe0to0.5feet
bgssamplewas20.4%fines(siltandclay),37%sand(finetocoarse),and42.6%gravel(fineandcoarse),
whilethe17to23feetbgssamplewas46.6%fines(siltandclay),48%sand(finetocoarse),and5.4%
gravel(fine).Thematerialdescriptionforthe0to0.5feetbgssamplewasareddishyellowtoverypale
brown,siltysandtosandysiltwithnotosomegravels,whilethe17to23feetbgssamplewasdescribed
aslightreddishbrownclayeysandwithgravel,pinkorgraysiltysandwithgravel,redleanclaywithsilt,
andredoryellowishredclayeysand.

3.1.2.2 GroundwaterResults

Four groundwater samples (including one duplicate) were collected from permanent monitoring wells
FT31ͲLM4,FT31ͲLM5,andMW01004.PFASresultsareprovidedinTable3.1Ͳ3,illustratedinFigure3.1Ͳ
3,andsummarizedbelow.

FT31ͲLM4:

x PFOSwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueatamaximumapproximateconcentrationof1.95
μg/L.
x PFOAwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueatamaximumconcentrationof6.09μg/L.
x PFOS+PFOAwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueatamaximumapproximateconcentration
of8.04μg/L.
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x PFBSwasdetectedbelowtheUSEPATapWaterRSLvalueatamaximumconcentrationof26.6
μg/L.

FT31ͲLM5:

x PFOSwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueataconcentrationof48.4μg/L.
x PFOAwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueataconcentrationof254μg/L.
x PFOS+PFOAwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueataconcentrationof302.4μg/L.
x PFBSwasdetectedbelowtheUSEPATapWaterRSLvalueataconcentrationof226μg/L.

MW01004:

x PFOSwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueataconcentrationof1.28μg/L.
x PFOAwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueataconcentrationof0.746μg/L.
x PFOS+PFOAwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueataconcentrationof2.026μg/L.
x PFBSwasnotdetected.

3.1.3 Conclusions

PFOSandPFOAweredetectedabovetheUSEPARSLandHAvaluesatselectedsamplelocationsinAFFF
Area1.PFBSwasdetectedinsoilatAFFFReleaseArea1,butatconcentrationsbelowtheUSEPARSLs.
ThehighestconcentrationsofPFASconstituentsinsoilwereidentifiedinsubsurfacesoilsatSB01001,
located within the former unlined burn pit (SWMUͲ170/FTAͲ1) where AFFF may have been released.
PFOS, PFOA, and PFOS+PFOA concentrations exceeded the USEPA HA values in all three permanent
monitoringwellssampledatAFFFArea1.PFBSwasdetectedbelowtheEPARSLforTapwaterintwoof
thethreepermanentmonitoringwells.

3.2 AFFFRELEASEAREA2:SEWAGELAGOONAREAOUTFALL

PriortoconstructionoftheWWTPin1996,wastewaterfromHollomanAFBwasdischargeddirectlyinto
thesewagelagoonareathatwascomprisedofsevenunlinedlagoons(identifiedaspondsAthroughG).
Approximately1.2milliongallonsofdomesticandindustrialwastewaterweredischargedtothesewage
lagoonareadaily.Eventually,flowfromthelagoonreachedLakeHolloman.

3.2.1 SampleLocationandMethodologies

SoilSamples

Sixsoilborings(SB02001,SB02002andSB02003,MW02004,MW02005andMW02006)wereadvanced
atthesubjectareaon1and2November2017(Figure3.2Ͳ1).Surfacesoilsampleswerecollectedfrom0
to0.5feetbgsandsubsurfacesoilsampleswerecollectedbetween1.5and7feetbgsforPFASanalysis.
Compositesoilsampleswerealsocollectedfromeachsoilboringfrom0to0.5feetbgsand4to7feet
bgsforTOC,pH,andparticlesizeanalysis.Groundwaterwasencounteredatapproximately3to15feet
bgsduringboringadvancement.
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GroundwaterSamples

ThreepermanentmonitoringwellswereinstalledinsoilboringsMW02004,MW02005,andMW02006
between1and2November2017toassessPFASconcentrationswithindifferentsewagelagoonponds
(Figure3.2Ͳ1).Thepermanentmonitoringwellsweredevelopedon3November2017andsampledon5
November2017.

SedimentSamples

Onesedimentsamplewascollectedatlagoon/pondG(SD02007)on4November2017(Figure3.2Ͳ1).

SurfaceWaterSamples

Onesurfacewatersamplewascollectedatlagoon/pondG(SW02007)on4November2017(Figure3.2Ͳ
1).
3.2.2 AnalyticalResults

3.2.2.1 SoilResults

Seven surface soil samples (including one duplicate) and seven subsurface soil samples (including one
duplicate)werecollectedfromsoilboringsSB02001,SB02002andSB02003,MW02004,MW02005and
MW02006on1and2November2017.PFASresultsareprovidedinTable3.1Ͳ1,illustratedinFigure3.2Ͳ
2,andsummarizedbelow.

SB02001:

x PFOSwasnotdetectedatthesurfacesamplinginterval(0to0.5feetbgs),andwasdetectedbelow
the RSL at the subsurface sampling interval (2.0 to 2.5 feet bgs) at a maximum approximate
concentrationof0.00167mg/kg.
x PFOAwasnotdetectedateitherinterval.
x PFBSwasnotdetectedateitherinterval.

SB02002:

x PFOSwasnotdetectedatthesurfacesamplinginterval(0to0.5feetbgs),andwasdetectedbelow
theRSLatthesubsurfacesamplinginterval(1.5to2feetbgs)atanapproximateconcentrationof
0.0176mg/kg.
x PFOA was not detected at the surface (0 to 0.5 feet bgs) sampling interval, and was detected
belowtheRSLatthesubsurfacesamplinginterval(1.5to2feetbgs)ataconcentrationof0.00447
mg/kg.
x PFBSwasnotdetectedatthesurfacesamplinginterval(0to0.5feetbgs),andwasdetectedbelow
theRSLatthesubsurface(1.5to2feetbgs)samplingintervalatanapproximateconcentrationof
0.00177mg/kg. 

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SB02003:

x PFOSwasdetectedbelowtheRSLatthetwosamplingintervalsatamaximumconcentrationof
0.0461mg/kg(5to6feetbgs).
x PFOAwasdetectedbelowtheRSLatthetwosamplingintervalsatamaximumconcentrationof
0.00378mg/kg(5to6feetbgs).
x PFBSwasnotdetectedatthesurfacesamplinginterval(0to0.5feetbgs),andwasdetectedbelow
theRSLatthesubsurfacesamplinginterval(5to6feetbgs)atanapproximateconcentrationof
0.000905mg/kg.

MW02004:

x PFOS was detected below the RSL at the two sampling intervals at a maximum approximate
concentrationof0.00844mg/kg(0to0.5feetbgs).
x PFOA was detected below the RSL at the surface sampling interval (0 to 0.5 feet bgs) at an
approximateconcentrationof0.00104mg/kg,andwasnotdetectedatthesubsurfacesampling
interval(4to5feetbgs;normalandfieldduplicate).
x PFBSwasnotdetectedateitherinterval.

MW02005:

x PFOS was detected below the RSL at the two sampling intervals at a maximum approximate
concentrationof0.00985mg/kg(0to0.5feetbgs).
x PFOA was detected below the RSL at the two sampling intervals at a maximum approximate
concentrationof0.00128mg/kg(6to7feetbgs).
x PFBSwasnotdetectedateitherinterval.

MW02006:

x PFOSwasnotdetectedatthesurfacesamplinginterval(0to0.5feetbgs),andwasdetectedbelow
theRSLatthesubsurfacesamplinginterval(4to5feetbgs)atanapproximateconcentrationof
0.0228mg/kg.
x PFOSwasnotdetectedatthesurfacesamplinginterval(0to0.5feetbgs),andwasdetectedbelow
theRSLatthesubsurfacesamplinginterval(4to5feetbgs)atanapproximateconcentrationof
0.0027mg/kg.
x PFBS was detected below the RSL at the two sampling intervals at a maximum approximate
concentrationof0.00119mg/kg(0to0.5feetbgs).

ThecompositeTOCconcentrationsrangedfrom2,230mg/kg(4to7feetbgs)to5,550mg/kg(0to0.5
feetbgs),whilethecompositepHconcentrationsrangedfrom7.86S.U.(4to7feetbgs)to7.9S.U.(0to
0.5feetbgs)(Table3.1Ͳ2).Theparticlesizeanalyticalresultsforthe0to0.5feetbgssamplewas49%
fines(siltandclay),47.1%sand(finetocoarse),and3.9%gravel(fine),whilethe4to7feetbgssample
was54%fines(siltandclay),44.8%sand(finetocoarse),and1.2%gravel(fine).Thematerialdescription
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forthe0to1Ͳfootbgssamplewasaverypalebrowntopinkishgraysiltysandwithtracegravel,whilethe
4 to 7 feet bgs sample was described as a pink to very pale brown silty sand and red sandy lean clay
(MW02006).

3.2.2.2 GroundwaterResults

ThreegroundwatersampleswerecollectedfromMW02004,MW02005,andMW02006on5November
2017.PFASresultsareprovidedinTable3.1Ͳ3,illustratedinFigure3.2Ͳ3,andsummarizedbelow.

MW02004:

x PFOSwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueataconcentrationof0.241μg/L.
x PFOAwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueatanapproximateconcentrationof0.115μg/L.
x PFOS+PFOAwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueataconcentrationof0.356μg/L.
x PFBSwasdetectedbelowtheUSEPATapWaterRSLataconcentrationof0.378μg/L.

MW02005:

x PFOSwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueataconcentrationof0.325μg/L.
x PFOAwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueataconcentrationof0.146μg/L.
x PFOS+PFOAwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueataconcentrationof0.471μg/L.
x PFBSwasdetectedbelowtheUSEPATapWaterRSLataconcentrationof0.301μg/L.

MW02006:

x PFOSwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueataconcentrationof8.27μg/L.
x PFOAwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueataconcentrationof0.854μg/L.
x PFOS+PFOAwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueataconcentrationof9.124μg/L.
x PFBSwasdetectedbelowtheUSEPATapWaterRSLataconcentrationof0.732μg/L.

3.2.2.3 SedimentResults

OnesedimentsamplewascollectedfromSD02007on4November2017.PFASresultsareprovidedin
Table3.1Ͳ4,illustratedinFigure3.2Ͳ4,andsummarizedbelow.

SD02007:

x PFOSwasdetectedbelowtheRSLataconcentrationof0.0745mg/kg.
x PFOAwasnotdetected.
x PFBSwasnotdetected.

3.2.2.4 SurfaceWaterResults

OnesurfacewatersamplewascollectedfromSW02007on4November2017.PFASresultsareprovided
inTable3.1Ͳ5,illustratedinFigure3.2Ͳ5,andsummarizedbelow. 

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SW02007:

x PFOSwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueataconcentrationof2.25μg/L.
x PFOAwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueataconcentrationof0.941μg/L.
x PFOS+PFOAwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueataconcentrationof3.191μg/L.
x PFBSwasdetectedbelowtheUSEPATapWaterRSLataconcentrationof0.716μg/L.

3.2.3 Conclusions

PFOS,PFOAandPFBSweredetectedinsoilatAFFFReleaseArea2atconcentrationsbelowtheUSEPA
RSLs.ThehighestconcentrationsofPFASconstituentswereidentifiedinsurfacesoilsatSB02003.PFOS,
PFOA, and PFOS+PFOA concentrations exceeded the USEPA HA values in groundwater from the three
permanentmonitoringwells,whilePFBSwasdetectedatconcentrationsbelowtheUSEPATapWaterRSL.
PFOSwasdetectedinsedimentatconcentrationsbelowtheUSEPARSL,whilePFOAandPFBSwerenot
detected.  PFOS, PFOA, and PFOS+PFOA concentrations exceeded the USEPA HA values in the surface
watersample.

3.3 AFFFRELEASEAREA3:APACHEMESAGOLFCOURSEOUTFALL

In2011,thegolfcoursebeganreceivingaportionoftheeffluentfromtheWWTPtofilltwogolfcourse
pondsandirrigategreens.ReleasesofAFFFfromwithintheindustrialshopsatHollomanwouldberouted
throughtheWWTPandeventuallyleadtothewaterholdingtankattheApacheMesaGolfCourse.As
such,effluentusedforirrigationpurposesandpondsatthegolfcoursemaycontainPFAS.

3.3.1 SampleLocationandMethodologies

SoilSamples

Nosoilboringswereadvancedatthislocation.

GroundwaterSamples

Oneexistingmonitoringwell(MWͲ3)wasdevelopedon3November2017andsampledon5November
2017toassessPFASconcentrationsadjacentApacheMesaGolfCourse(Figure3.3Ͳ1).

SedimentSamples

Twosedimentsampleswerecollectedwithinthetwogolfcourseponds(SD03001andSD03002)on4
November2017(Figure3.3Ͳ1).

SurfaceWaterSamples

Twosurfacewatersampleswerecollectedwithinthetwogolfcourseponds(SW03001andSW03002)
on4November2017(Figure3.3Ͳ1).
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EffluentSamples

EffluentfromtheWWTP,locatedadjacenttotheApacheMesaGolfCourse,wassampledon5and6
November2017toassessPFASconcentrationsintheWWTPeffluent(Figure2.3Ͳ1).

3.3.2 AnalyticalResults

GroundwaterResults

One groundwater sample was collected for PFAS analysis, with the results provided in Table 3.1Ͳ3,
illustratedinFigure3.3Ͳ2,andsummarizedbelow.

MWͲ3:

x PFOSwasdetectedbelowtheUSEPAHAvalueataconcentrationof0.048μg/L.
x PFOAwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueataconcentrationof0.0891μg/L.
x PFOS+PFOAwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueataconcentrationof0.1371μg/L.
x PFBSwasdetectedbelowtheUSEPATapWaterRSLataconcentrationof0.286μg/L.

SedimentResults

Two sediment samples were collected for PFAS analysis, with the results provided in Table 3.1Ͳ4,
illustratedinFigure3.3Ͳ3,andsummarizedbelow.

SD03001:

x PFOSwasdetectedbelowtheRSLataconcentrationof0.0368mg/kg.
x PFOAwasnotdetected.
x PFBSwasnotdetected.

SD03002:

x PFOSwasdetectedabovetheRSLatanapproximateconcentrationof0.202mg/kg.
x PFOAwasnotdetected.
x PFBSwasnotdetected.

SurfaceWaterResults

Two surface water samples were collected for PFAS analysis, with the results provided in Table 3.1Ͳ5,
illustratedinFigure3.3Ͳ4,andsummarizedbelow.

SW03001:

x PFOSwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueataconcentrationof1.22μg/L.
x PFOAwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueataconcentrationof0.097μg/L.
x PFOS+PFOAwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueataconcentrationof1.317μg/L.
x PFBSwasdetectedbelowtheUSEPATapWaterRSLataconcentrationof0.105μg/L.
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SW03002:

x PFOSwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueataconcentrationof0.878μg/L.
x PFOAwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueataconcentrationof0.117μg/L.
x PFOS+PFOAwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueataconcentrationof0.995μg/L.
x PFBSwasdetectedbelowtheUSEPATapWaterRSLataconcentrationof0.156μg/L.

EffluentResults

TwoWWTPeffluentsamples(includingoneduplicate)wascollected,alongwithaduplicatesample,for
PFASanalysis,withtheresultsprovidedinTable3.1Ͳ3andsummarizedbelow.

EF03003:

x PFOS was detected above the USEPA HA value in the normal and duplicate sample at a
concentrationof0.776and0.721μg/L,respectively.
x PFOAwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueinthenormalsampleataconcentrationof0.0738
μg/L,andbelowtheUSEPAHAvalueintheduplicatesampleataconcentrationof0.0653.
x PFOS+PFOAwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueinthenormalandduplicatesampleata
concentrationof0.8498and0.7863μg/L,respectively.
x PFBS was detected below the USEPA Tap Water RSL in the normal and duplicate sample at a
concentrationof0.0896and0.0954μg/L,respectively.

3.3.3 Conclusions

PFOS,PFOA, andPFOS+PFOAinwater exceededtheUSEPA HAvaluesinthe existing monitoringwell,
surfacewatersamples,andWWTPeffluent,andPFBSwasdetectedatconcentrationsbelowtheUSEPA
TapWaterRSL.PFOSwasdetectedinsedimentatconcentrationsabovetheUSEPARSLatonesample
location,whilePFOAandPFBSwerenotdetected.NosoilsampleswerecollectedatthisAFFFrelease
area.

3.4 AFFFRELEASEAREA4:LAKEHOLLOMANOUTFALLS

WastewaterfromHollomanAFBwasdischargeddirectlytothesewagelagoonarea,andeventuallyto
LakeHollomanpriortoconstructionoftheWWTPin1996.

3.4.1 SampleLocationandMethodologies

SedimentSamples

SedimentsampleswerecollectedatthenorthendofLakeHolloman(HollomanAFBOutfall)andatthe
eastsideofLakeHolloman(LagoonGOutfall)(SD04001andSD04002,respectively)on4November
2017(Figure3.4Ͳ1).
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SurfaceWaterSamples

SurfacewatersampleswerecollectedatthenorthendofLakeHolloman(HollomanAFBOutfall)andat
theeastsideofLakeHolloman(LagoonGOutfall)(SW04001andSW04002,respectively)on4
November2017(Figure3.4Ͳ1).
3.4.2 AnalyticalResults

SedimentSamples

Three sediment samples (including one duplicate) were collected for PFAS analysis, with the results
providedinTable3.1Ͳ4,illustratedinFigure3.4Ͳ2,andsummarizedbelow.

SD04001:

x PFOSwasdetectedabovetheRSLatanapproximateconcentrationof0.185mg/kg.
x PFOAwasdetectedbelowtheRSLatanapproximateconcentrationof0.00234mg/kg.
x PFBSwasnotdetected.

SD04002:

x PFOS was detected above the RSL in the normal and field duplicate samples at a maximum
concentrationof0.519mg/kg.
x PFOAwasdetectedbelowtheRSLinthenormalandfieldduplicatesamplesatanapproximate
maximumconcentrationofand0.0177mg/kg.
x PFBS was detected below the RSL in the normal and field duplicate samples at approximate
maximumconcentrationof0.0034mg/kg.

SurfaceWaterSamples

Threesurfacewatersamples(includingoneduplicate)werecollectedforPFASanalysis,withtheresults
providedinTable3.1Ͳ5,illustratedinFigure3.4Ͳ3,andsummarizedbelow.

SW04001:

x PFOSwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueataconcentrationof0.951μg/L.
x PFOAwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueataconcentrationof0.0746μg/L.
x PFOS+PFOAwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueataconcentrationof1.0256μg/L.
x PFBSwasdetectedbelowtheUSEPATapWaterRSLataconcentrationof0.0798μg/L.

SW04002:

x PFOS was detected above the USEPA HA value in the normal and field duplicate samples at a
maximumconcentrationof2.81μg/L.
x PFOAwas detectedabovethe USEPA HAvaluein the normalandfieldduplicatesamplesata
maximumconcentrationof0.378μg/L.
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x PFOS+PFOAwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueinthenormalandfieldduplicatesamplesat
amaximumconcentrationof3.188μg/L.
x PFBSwasdetectedbelowtheUSEPATapWaterRSLinthenormalandfieldduplicatesamplesat
amaximumconcentrationof0.262μg/L.

3.4.3 Conclusions

PFOSwasdetectedatconcentrationsabovetheUSEPARSLinsedimentatSD04001andSD04002.PFOA
and PFBS were detected in sediment, but at concentrations below the USEPA RSL.  PFOS, PFOA, and
PFOS+PFOAinsurfacewaterexceededtheUSEPAHAvaluesatbothsamplelocations.PFBSwasdetected
atconcentrationsbelowtheUSEPATapWaterRSLatbothoutfalllocations.

3.5 AFFFRELEASEAREA5:EVAPORATIONPONDNO.2

Theevaporationbasinwasinstalledin1991andcurrentlycollectsalldischargeincludingAFFF,routed
throughhangarbayfloordrainsfromhangarslocatedinthewesternrampareaoftheWestHangarGroup.
TheHollomanAFBFireDepartmentusesthisbasinformonthlyAFFFtestsandfirehosewashouts.AFFF
isreportedlysprayedfromvehiclesintotheponduntilaconsistentflowpatternisestablished(HGL,2015).

3.5.1 SampleLocationandMethodologies

SoilSamples

Twosoilborings(MW05001andSB05002)wereadvancedattheevaporationbasinareon1November
2017 (Figure 3.5Ͳ1).  Surface soil samples were collected from 0 to 0.5 feet bgs, and subsurface soil
samples were collected from 14 to 17 feet bgs, for PFAS analysis.  Composite soil samples were also
collectedfromeachsoilboringfrom0to0.5Ͳfootbgsand14to17feetbgsforTOC,pH,andparticlesize
analysis.Groundwaterwasencounteredatapproximately5feetbgsduringboringadvancement.

GroundwaterSamples

OnepermanentmonitoringwellwasinstalledinsoilboringMW05001on1November2017toassess
PFASintheevaporationbasinarea(Figure3.5Ͳ1).Thepermanentmonitoringwellwasdevelopedand
sampledon3November2017.

3.5.2 AnalyticalResults

SoilResults

TwosurfaceandtwosubsurfacesoilsampleswerecollectedforPFASanalysis,withtheresultsprovided
inTable3.1Ͳ1,illustratedinFigure3.5Ͳ2,andsummarizedbelow.

MW05001:

x PFOSwasdetectedabovetheRSLatthetwosamplingintervalsatamaximumconcentrationof
5.71mg/kg(0to0.5feetbgs)
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x PFOA was detected above the RSL at the surface sampling interval (0 to 0.5 feet bgs) at a
concentrationof0.335mg/kg,andwasdetectedbelowtheRSLatthesubsurfaceinterval(14to
15feetbgs)atanapproximateconcentrationof0.005mg/kg.
x PFBSwasdetectedbelowtheRSLatthetwosamplingintervalsatamaximumconcentrationof
0.205mg/kg(0to0.5feetbgs).

SB05002:

x PFOSwasdetectedabovetheRSLatthetwosamplingintervalsatamaximumconcentrationof
0.745mg/kg(0to0.5feetbgs).
x PFOAwasdetectedabovetheRSLatthesurfacesamplinginterval(0to0.5feetbgs)ata
concentrationof0.228mg/kg,andwasdetectedbelowtheRSLatthesubsurfacesampling
interval(16to17feetbgs)atanapproximateconcentrationof0.00565mg/kg.
x PFBSwasdetectedbelowtheRSLatthetwosamplingintervalsatamaximumconcentrationof
0.200mg/kg(0to0.5feetbgs).

ThecompositeTOCconcentrationsrangedfrom1,980mg/kg(0to0.5feetbgs)to5,610mg/kg(14to17
feetbgs),whilethecompositepHconcentrationsrangedfrom7.92S.U.(14to17feetbgs)to8.09S.U.(0
to0.5feetbgs)(Table3.1Ͳ2).Theparticlesizeanalyticalresultsforthe0to0.5Ͳfootbgssamplewas29.6%
fines(siltandclay),40.2%sand(finetocoarse),and30.2%gravel(fine),whilethe14to17feetbgssample
was49%fines(siltandclay),50.5%sand(finetocoarse),and0.5%gravel(fine).Thematerialdescription
forthe0to0.5Ͳfootbgssamplewasalightreddishbrownsiltysandwithgravel,whilethe14to17feet
bgssamplewasdescribedasareddishbrownsandysiltwithtraceclaytoyellowishredsandysilt.

GroundwaterResults

One groundwater sample was collected for PFAS analysis, with the results provided in Table 3.1Ͳ3,
illustratedinFigure3.5Ͳ3,andsummarizedbelow.

MW05001:

x PFOSwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueataconcentrationof1040μg/L.
x PFOAwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueataconcentrationof26.6μg/L.
x PFOS+PFOAwasdetectedabovetheUSEPAHAvalueataconcentrationof1066.6μg/L.
x PFBSwasdetectedbelowtheUSEPATapWaterRSLataconcentrationof27.7μg/L.

3.5.3 Conclusions

PFOS was detected above the RSL at the surface and subsurface sampling intervals at MW05001 and
SB05002. PFOA was detected at concentrations above the RSL in surface samples at MW05001 and
SB05002.PFBSwasdetectedbelowRSLinallsoilsamples.PFOS,PFOA,andPFOS+PFOAingroundwater
exceededtheUSEPAHAvaluesinthemonitoringwell.PFBSwasdetectedatconcentrationsbelowthe
USEPATapWaterRSLingroundwateratAFFFReleaseArea5.
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4.0 MIGRATION/EXPOSUREPATHWAYSANDRECEPTORS
An updated baseͲwide conceptual site model table is provided as Table 4.0Ͳ1.  The table provides an
overviewofthefacility,physical,release,landuse,exposure,andecologicalprofilesatHollomanAFB.
ThetablehasbeenupdatedtoincludeinformationcollectedduringthisSI.Amoredetaileddescription
ofsourceareaconditionsandexposurepathwaysisdescribedinthefollowingsections.

4.1 SOIL(SURFACEANDSUBSURFACE)EXPOSUREPATHWAY

4.1.1 LocalGeologicSetting

TheprinciplesoiltypesatHollomanAFBareprimarilyoftheHollomanͲGypsumlandͲYesumcomplexand
Meadsiltyclayloam(USDA,1981).TheHollomanͲGypsumlandͲYesumcomplexconsistsofshallowand
deep,wellͲdrainedsoilsandareasofexposedgypsum.Thesurfacelayerisarelativelythinveneeroflight
brown,veryfinesandyloam,approximately3inchesthick(HGL,2015).TheMeadseriesislocatedacross
themaindrainageareaatHollomanAFB.TheMeadsiltyclayloam,isadeep,poorlydrainedsoilformed
in fine textured alluvium over lacustrine lake sediment (USDA, 1981).  Holloman AFB is located in the
Tularosa SubͲbasin that is part of the Central Closed Basins.  The basin is bound by the San Andres
MountainstothewestandSacramentoMountainstotheeast(NVB,2009).TheTularosaBasinisabolson,
orabasin,thathasnosurfacedrainageoutlet(HGL,2015).ThebolsonfillintheTularosaBasinisderived
fromtheerosionoflimestone,dolomite,andgypsuminthesurroundingmountains,withcoarsermaterial
depositedatthebaseofthemountainsandfinermaterialcarriedtothebasininterior(FWEC,1995).The
nearsurfacebolsondepositsconsistofsedimentsthatareofalluvial,eolian,lacustrine,orplayaorigin.
Thealluvialfandepositsarecharacteristicallyinterbeddedsand,siltandclay.Theeoliandepositsconsist
primarily of gypsum sand and the lacustrine/playa deposits consist of clay containing gypsum crystals
(FWEC,1995).Thelacustrinedepositsarejuxtaposedwithalluvialfanandeoliandepositsthroughoutthe
installation(Radian,1992).BasewidegeologiccrosssectionsdevelopedfromtheSIsoilboringactivities
areprovidedinFigures3.0Ͳ1and3.0Ͳ2.

4.1.2 SoilExposurePathwaysandReceptors

PFOSand,toalesserextent,PFOAweredetectedinsurfaceandsubsurfacesoilsatAFFFreleaseareas1
and5at concentrationsabovethe RSLof0.126mg/kg.PFOS,PFOA,and/or PFBSwerealsodetected
belowtheRSLof0.126mg/kginsoilatAFFFreleaseareas1,2and5.Notrendswerenotedastodepths
ofPFASimpactedsoil,withtheexceptionofArea5wheresurfacesoilscontainedhigherconcentrations
ofPFAS,PFOA,andPFBSthansubsurfacesoils.NoneoftheAFFFreleaseareashaveacleancoveror
permanentimpenetrablecoverabovetheimpactedsoil.

Surface soil at Holloman AFB is potentially accessible by onͲbase personnel, grounds maintenance
workers, utility workers, construction workers, site visitors, and/or trespassers.  Strong winds, or dust
storms,mayincreasemobilityofcontaminantsifadsorbedtodustparticles.Subsurfacesoilisprimarily
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accessiblebyonͲsiteconstructionandutilityworkersinvolvedwithexcavating,drilling,oranyactivitythat
exposesthemtosubsurfacesoil.Accesstosourceareasoilisnotexpectedtochangeinthefuture.

Potentialexposureroutesforsoilincludeinhalationofimpactedsurfacesoildustparticles,andingestion
anddermalcontactofcontaminantsinsoil.

4.1.3 SoilExposureConclusions

Potential human exposure receptors of PFOS and PFOA concentrations in surface and subsurface soil
abovetheRSLatAFFFreleaseareas1,and5includeonͲbasepersonnel,groundsmaintenanceworkers,
utilityworkers,constructionworkers,sitevisitors,and/ortrespassersviainhalationofdustderivedfrom
contaminatedsurfacesoil,ingestion,ordermalcontact.

4.2 GROUNDWATERMIGRATIONPATHWAY

4.2.1 LocalHydrogeologicSetting

Groundwateroccursasanunconfinedaquiferintheunconsolidateddepositsofthecentralbasin(HGL,
2015).Theprimarysourceofgroundwaterrechargeisrainfallpercolationandminoramountsofstream
runoffalongthewesternSacramentoMountains.SincetheTularosaBasinisaclosedsystem,wateronly
leavestheareathroughevaporationorpercolationanddoesnotdischargetoanyadjacentaquifers(HGL,
2015).TheelevatedamountofpercolationresultsinahighͲwatertablewithgroundwaterlevelsranging
from 5 to 50 feet bgs (NVB, 2009).  Groundwater flow at the installation is generally towards the
southwest, with localized influences from variations in topography, the presence of surface water
features, and the amount of rainfall percolation and stream runoff along the western Sacramento
Mountains.InthenorthernandwesternportionsofHollomanAFB,groundwaterflowsmoretothewest
towardtheRitasDraw,MaloneDraw,andLostRiverdrainages(HGL,2015).Groundwaterflowisalso
affectedbylocaltopographyinareasimmediatelyadjacenttoarroyos,wheregroundwaterflowsdirectly
towardthedrainagesregardlessofregionalflowpattern(NVB,2009).InthevicinityoftheformerFTA
(FTͲ31)groundwaterflowstothesouthͲsoutheasttowardsDillardDrawwhichflowstowardsthesouth
andsubsequentlytothesouthwesttowardsLakeHolloman(Figure3.0Ͳ3).

Groundwater quality in the Tularosa Basin is only of potable quality in the recharge areas in close
proximity to the Sacramento Mountains east of Holloman AFB and becomes increasingly mineralized
towardsthecentralportionofthebasin(NVB,2009).ThePAreportidentifiedthatmost(over70percent)
ofEnvironmentalRestorationProgram(ERP)sitesatHAFBhavegroundwaterwithaveragetotaldissolved
solids(TDS)concentrationsgreaterthan10,000milligramsperliter(mg/L).TheseTDSconcentrations
exceedtheNewMexicoWaterQualityControlCommission(NMWQCC)humanhealthstandardof1,000
mg/landthereforethegroundwaterhasbeendesignatedunfitforhumanconsumption(NVB,2009).

HistoricalgroundwateranalyticalresultsfrommonitoringwellsinthevicinityofselectAFFFreleaseareas
identifiedconcentrationsofTDSexceedingboththeNMWQCChumanhealthstandard(1,000mg/L)and
theUSEPAsecondarydrinkingwaterstandard(500mg/L).In2015,concentrationsofTDSfrommonitoring
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wells sampled in the vicinity of the former FTA ranged from 22,900 mg/l to 30,600 mg/l and in 2018,
concentrations of TDS in groundwater from monitoring wells installed at the golf course ranged from
8,540mg/lto52,700mg/l(BaerEngineeringandEnvironmentalConsulting,2018).

Theadjacentsurfacewaters,includingLostRiverandLakeHollomanalsohavehighconcentrationsofTDS
andarenotconsideredpotentialdrinkingwatersources(NVB,2009).Inaddition,theUSEPAhasclassified
the groundwater as a Class IIIB water source, characterized by a low degree of interconnection with
adjacentsurfacewaterorgroundwaterofahigherclass.

4.2.2 GroundwaterExposurePathwaysandReceptors

PFAS,onceingroundwater,arehighlymobileandwillmigratenearthesamevelocityasgroundwaterdue
totheirhighsolubilityandlowpartitioncoefficientvalue.PFASarechemicallyandbiologicallystablein
theenvironmentandresisttypicalenvironmentaldegradationprocesses.Asaresult,thesechemicalsare
extremelypersistentintheenvironment,withahalfͲlifegreaterthan41yearsforPFOSandgreaterthan
92yearsforPFOA(USEPA,2014).PFBSisgenerallylesstoxicandlessbioaccumulativeinwildlifeand
humans(USEPA,2017b).

PFOS,PFOA,and/orPFBSweredetectedingroundwateratAFFFReleaseAreas1,2,3,and5.PFOS,PFOA,
andPFOS+PFOAexceededtheUSEPAHAvalueof0.07μg/Lingroundwaterattheseareas,whilePFBS
wasdetectedbelowtheUSEPATapWatervalueof400μg/L.BasedonthecurrentPFASanalyticalresults,
AFFFReleaseAreas1,2,3,and5areconsideredgroundwaterreleaseareasforpathwayanalysis.

DuetogenerallypoorambientgroundwaterqualitywithTDSatconcentrationsabove10,000mg/L,no
watersupplywellsarelocatedatHollomanAFB.PotablewateratHollomanAFBisobtainedfromfour
wellfields(Boles,Escondido,SanAndreasandFrenchy)locatedbetween12and35milessoutheastofthe
installation near the foothills of the Sacramento Mountains (Holloman AFB, 2016).  Groundwater is
obtainedfrom15wellswithanaveragedepthof450Ͳ550feet.Thewaterissubsequentlystoredinground
leveltanksandtransportedviapipelinetotheinstallation(HollomanAFB,2016).Theinstallationwater
supplywassampledforPFASbyBioenvironmentalEngineering(BEE)personnelandnodetectionswere
reported.

TheCityofAlamogordo,alsoutilizeswaterfromthereferencedwellfield;however,areviewofwater
wellrecordsavailablefromtheNewMexicoOfficeoftheStateEngineer,WaterRightsReportingSystem
identifiedthepresenceof407wellswithin4Ͳmilesoftheinstallationboundary(Figure4.2Ͳ1).Asshown
on Figure 4.2Ͳ1, most wells are identified northeast and east of Holloman AFB in the foothills of the
SacramentoMountainsatatopographicallyhigherelevationthantheinstallation.Groundwaterflowon,
andinthevicinityofHollomanAFBisdirectedtothesouthwest,coincidentwithregionaltopographyand
thereforethemajorityoftheidentifiedwellsarelocatedinupͲorsideͲgradientlocationsrelativetothe
installationandAFFFreleaseareas.Oftheidentified407wells,11wereidentifiedasbeingpotentially
downgradientofthegroundwaterreleasearea(Figure4.2Ͳ2).Detailsregardingwelllocations,depth,
ownership and use are provided in Table 4.2Ͳ1.  No domestic wells were identified within 4Ͳmiles
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downgradient of the installation boundary and therefore no potential groundwater receptors were
identified.

4.2.3 GroundwaterMigrationPathwayConclusions

PFOSandPFOAingroundwaterexceededtheUSEPAHAvalueof0.07μg/LforPFOS,PFOA,and/orthe
sumofPFOS/PFOA,atAFFFReleaseAreas1,2,3,and5.Humangroundwaterreceptorsviatheingestion
pathwayarenotpresentforanyAFFFreleaseareaatordowngradientofHollomanAFBbecausewaterat
the installation does not meet the drinking water standards established by the NMWQCC due to high
levelsofTDS.

All drinking water at the installation is supplied from well fields located 12 to 35 miles southeast of
Holloman AFB.  The water supply at the installation was sampled for PFAS by BEE personnel and no
detectionswerereported.Inaddition,noprivatepotablewaterwellswereidentifieddowngradientof
theinstallationorAFFFreleaseareasandthereforethereiscurrentlynopotentialgroundwaterreceptor
pathwaywithimmediateimpactstohumanhealthatHollomanAFB.

4.3 SEDIMENTEXPOSUREPATHWAY

4.3.1 SedimentExposurePathwaysandReceptors

PFOSwasdetectedinallsedimentscollectedfromAFFFReleaseAreas2,3,and4;sedimentsfromAFFF
releaseareas3and4containedPFOSatconcentrationsabovetheRSLof0.126mg/kg.PFOAandPFBS
werealsodetectedinsedimentsfromAFFFReleaseArea4,butbelowtherespectivescreeninglevels.

SedimentatHollomanAFBispotentiallyaccessiblebyonͲbasepersonnel,groundsmaintenanceworkers,
utility workers, construction workers, site visitors, and/or trespassers.  Potential exposure routes for
sediment include dermal contact with submerged or exposed sediment during work activities such as
maintenance of ponds, drainage ditches, and canals that contain PFASͲimpacted sediment, as well as
variousrecreationalactivitiesatLakeHollomanoratApacheMesaGolfCourse.

4.3.2 SedimentExposureConclusions

PFOSwasdetectedinsedimentscollectedfromAFFFreleaseareas3and4atconcentrationsabovethe
calculated RSL of 0.126 mg/kg.  Potential receptors include onͲbase personnel, grounds maintenance
workers, utility workers, construction workers, site visitors, and/or trespassers that may come into
contactwithPFASͲimpactedsedimentatordownstreamofAFFFreleaseareas2,3,and4.

4.4 SURFACEWATEREXPOSUREPATHWAY

4.4.1 SurfaceWaterExposurePathwaysandReceptors

PFOS and PFOA were detected in surface water at AFFF release areas 2, 3, and 4 (all surface water
samplingareas)atconcentrationsabovetheUSEPAHAvalueof0.07μg/L.However,theUSEPAHAvalue
forPFOSandPFOAisonlyapplicabletosurfacewaterusedasadrinkingwatersourceandthesurface
watersatHollomanAFBarenotcurrentlyusedassourcesfordrinkingwaterduetohighconcentrations
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ofTDS(NVB,2009).PFBSwasalsodetectedinsurfacewatersfromAreas2,3,and4,butnocriteriaexists
forPFBSinsurfacewater.

Surface water at Holloman AFB is potentially accessible by onͲbase personnel, grounds maintenance
workers,utilityworkers,constructionworkers,sitevisitors,and/ortrespassers.Surfacewaterextraction
pointsforthecityofAlamogordowatersupplyincludespringsandstreamdiversionsintheFresnaland
LaLuzCanyonSystems,springsintheAlamoCanyonSystem,andBonitoLakelocatedupstream(north
andeast)ofHollomanAFB(Alamogordo,2016).Primarysurfacewaterexposurepointsdowngradientof
theinstallationaretheLagoonOutfallandLakeHolloman;however,surfacewaterattheselocationsis
unfit for human consumption due to high concentrations of TDS and are therefore not considered
potentialsourcesofdrinkingwater.Potentialexposureroutesforsurfacewaterincludedermalcontact
withsurfacewaterduringworkactivitiessuchasmaintenanceofponds,drainageditches,andcanalsthat
containPFASͲimpactedsurfacewater,aswellasduringvariousrecreationalactivitiesatLakeHolloman
and/orApacheMesaGolfCourse.

4.4.2 SurfaceWaterExposureConclusions

PFOSandPFOAweredetectedinsurfacewateratconcentrationsabovetheUSEPAHAvalueinsamples
collected from AFFF release areas 2, 3, and 4.  However, the USEPA HA for PFOS and PFOA is only
applicable to drinking water sources and since surface water at Holloman AFB contains high
concentrationsofTDS,itisnotconsideredapotentialdrinkingwatersourceandthereforethereisno
potentialexposurepathwayforimmediateimpactstohumanhealthviaingestion.

PotentialexposurereceptorsincludeonͲbasepersonnel,groundsmaintenanceworkers,utilityworkers,
construction workers, site visitors, and/or trespassers that may come in contact with PFASͲimpacted
surface water at or downstream of AFFF release areas 2, 3, and 4.  These exposure routes for PFASͲ
impactedsurfacewatersampledattheseareasarenotconsideredimmediateimpactstohumanhealth.
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5.0 SUMMARYANDCONCLUSIONS

Asstatedintheintroduction,theobjectivesofthisstudywereto:

x DetermineifPFOS,PFOA,orPFBSarepresentinsoil,groundwater,sediment,orsurfacewaterat
AFFFreleaseareasselectedforSI;
x Determine if PFOS and PFOA concentrations in soil exceed the calculated RSL, based on a
residential scenario, of 0.126 mg/kg, and if PFBS concentrations in soil exceed the USEPA
residentialRSLof130mg/kg;
x DetermineifPFOS,PFOA,orsumofPFOSandPFOAconcentrationsingroundwaterexceedthe
USEPAHAvalueof0.07μg/L,andifPFBSconcentrationsingroundwaterexceedtheUSEPATap
WaterRSLof400μg/L;
x DetermineifPFOSandPFOAconcentrationsinsedimentexceedthecalculatedRSL,basedona
residentialscenarioof0.126mg/kg,andifPFBSconcentrationsinsedimentexceedtheUSEPA
residentialRSLof130mg/kg;
x DetermineifPFOS,PFOA,orsumofPFOSandPFOAconcentrationsinsurfacewaterexceedthe
USEPAHAvalueof0.07μg/L;and,
x Identifypotentialreceptorpathwayswithimmediateimpactstohumanhealth(immediateimpact
tohumanhealthisconsideredconsumptionofdrinkingwaterwithPFOS/PFOAabovetheUSEPA
HAvalue,orPFBSabovetheUSEPATapWaterRSL).

Section3ofthisSIdetailedtheanalyticalresultsforPFASateachAFFFreleasearea.Asummarytable
(Table 5.0Ͳ1) is also provided below which lists specific exceedances by area and media, fulfilling the
objectivesoftheSI.
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Table5.0Ͳ1.SummaryofAnalyticalResultsandScreeningLevelExceedances.
Potentially
Numberof
Maximum Exceeds Complete
AFFFRelease Screening Samples*/ DW RecommenͲ
Parameter Detected Units Screening
Area Value Numberof Exposure dation
Concentration Level
Exceedances Pathway
SurfaceSoil(0to0.5feet)
PFOS 0.33 0.126 mg/kg 5/4 Yes
PFOA 0.0561 0.126 mg/kg 5/0 No
PFBS 0.0583 130 mg/kg 5/0 No
SubsurfaceSoil(17to23feet)
AFFFRelease
Area1 PFOS 1.13J 0.126 mg/kg 5/3 Yes Advance
PFOA 0.19 0.126 mg/kg 5/1 Yes NO
FormerFTA AreatoRI
PFBS 0.0577 130 mg/kg 5/0 No
(FTͲ31)
Groundwater
PFOS 48.4 0.07 μg/L 3/3 Yes
PFOA 254 0.07 μg/L 3/3 Yes
PFOS+PFOA 302.4 0.07 μg/L 3/3 Yes
PFBS 226 400 μg/L 3/0 No
SurfaceSoil(0to0.5feet)
PFOS 0.00985B 0.126 mg/kg 6/0 No
PFOA 0.00117B 0.126 mg/kg 6/0 No
PFBS 0.00119J 130 mg/kg 6/0 No
SubsurfaceSoil(1.5to7feet)
PFOS 0.0461 0.126 mg/kg 6/0 No
PFOA 0.00447 0.126 mg/kg 6/0 No
PFBS 0.00177J 130 mg/kg 6/0 No
AFFFRelease Groundwater
Area2 PFOS 8.27 0.07 μg/L 3/3 Yes
PFOA 0.854 0.07 μg/L 3/3 Yes Advance
Sewage NO
PFOS+PFOA 9.124 0.07 μg/L 3/3 Yes AreatoRI
LagoonArea
Outfall PFBS 0.732 400 μg/L 3/0 No
Sediment
PFOS 0.0745 0.126 mg/kg 1/0 No
PFOA ND 0.126 mg/kg 1/0 No
PFBS ND 130 mg/kg 1/0 No
SurfaceWater
PFOS 2.25 0.07 μg/L 1/1 Yes
PFOA 0.941 0.07 μg/L 1/1 Yes
PFOS+PFOA 3.191 0.07 μg/L 1/1 Yes
PFBS 0.716 400 μg/L 1/0 No



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Potentially
Numberof
Maximum Exceeds Complete
AFFFRelease Screening Samples*/ RecommenͲ
Parameter Detected Units Screening DW
Area Value Numberof dation
Concentration Level Exposure
Exceedances
Pathway
Groundwater
PFOS 0.048 0.07 μg/L 3/3 No
PFOA 0.0891 0.07 μg/L 3/3 Yes
PFOS+PFOA 0.1371 0.07 μg/L 3/3 Yes
PFBS 0.286 400 μg/L 3/0 No
Sediment
PFOS 0.202J 0.126 mg/kg 2/1 Yes
AFFFRelease PFOA ND 0.126 mg/kg 2/0 No
Area3
PFBS ND 130 mg/kg 2/0 No
Apache Advance
SurfaceWater NO
MesaGolf AreatoRI
PFOS 1.22 0.07 μg/L 2/2 Yes
Course
Outfall PFOA 0.117 0.07 μg/L 2/2 Yes
PFOS+PFOA 1.317 0.07 μg/L 2/2 Yes
PFBS 0.156 400 μg/L 2/0 No
WWTPEffluent
PFOS 0.776 0.07 μg/L 1/1 Yes
PFOA 0.0738 0.07 μg/L 1/1 Yes
PFOS+PFOA 0.8498 0.07 μg/L 1/1 Yes
PFBS 0.0954 400 μg/L 1/0 No
Sediment
PFOS 0.519 0.126 mg/kg 2/2 Yes
AFFFRelease PFOA 0.0177J 0.126 mg/kg 2/0 No
Area4 PFBS 0.0034J 130 mg/kg 2/0 No
SurfaceWater Advance
Lake NO
PFOS 2.81 0.07 μg/L 3/3 Yes AreatoRI
Holloman
Outfalls PFOA 0.378 0.07 μg/L 3/3 Yes
PFOS+PFOA 3.188 0.07 μg/L 3/3 Yes
PFBS 0.262 400 μg/L 3/0 No










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Potentially
Numberof
Maximum Exceeds Complete
AFFFRelease Screening Samples*/ RecommenͲ
Parameter Detected Units Screening DW
Area Value Numberof dation
Concentration Level Exposure
Exceedances
Pathway
SurfaceSoil(0to0.5feet)
PFOS 5.71 0.126 mg/kg 2/2 Yes
PFOA 0.335 0.126 mg/kg 2/2 Yes
PFBS 0.205 130 mg/kg 2/0 No
SubsurfaceSoil(14to17feet)
AFFFRelease
PFOS 0.262 0.126 mg/kg 2/2 Yes
Area5 Advance
PFOA 0.00565Q 0.126 mg/kg 2/0 No NO
Evaporation AreatoRI
PFBS 0.00578J 130 mg/kg 2/0 No
PondNo.2
Groundwater
PFOS 1,040 0.07 μg/L 1/1 Yes
PFOA 26.6 0.07 μg/L 1/1 Yes
PFOS+PFOA 1066.6 0.07 μg/L 1/1 Yes
PFBS 27.7 400 μg/L 1/0 No

Notes:
*includesnormalandfieldduplicatesamples(countdoesnotincludeQCsamples)
AFFF–aqueousfilmformingfoam
BͲTheanalytewasidentifiedinanassociatedblankaswellasthesample
bgs–belowgroundsurface
DW–DrinkingWater
JͲTheanalytewaspositivelyidentified,andtheassociatednumericalvalueistheapproximateconcentrationoftheanalyte
inthesample
μg/LͲmicrogramsperliter
mg/kgͲmilligramsperkilogram
ND–notdetected
RI–RemedialInvestigation
NFRAP–NoFurtherRemedialActionPlanned
PFBS–perfluorobutanesulfonicacid
PFOS–perfluorooctanesulfonicacid
PFOA–perfluorooctanoicacid
Q=TheanalyteisbothBͲqualifiedbecauseofblankdetectionandJͲqualifiedbecauseofanadditionalQCissue


Potential human health pathways were identified and detailed in Section 4 of this SIR.  The potential
receptorsvarybyAFFFreleasearea.MediaͲspecificpathwaysandreceptorsarediscussedbelow.

SurfaceandSubsurfaceSoilReceptors

Potential human receptors from PFAS in surface and subsurface soil at AFFF release areas 1, 2 and 5
include onͲbase personnel, grounds maintenance workers, utility workers, construction workers, site
visitors,and/ortrespassers.PFOSandPFOAconcentrationsinseveralsurfacesoilsamplesatAFFFrelease
areas1and5exceededthecalculatedRSL,basedonaresidentialexposurescenario.However,thissoil
wouldonlybeaccessedviaworkactivitiesintheimpactedareas,withtheexceptionofAFFFReleaseArea
SiteInspectionofAqueousFilmFormingFoam(AFFF)ReleaseAreas
FinalSiteInspectionReport,HollomanAirForceBase
November2018
Page37

1wherewindhasthepotentialtodisturbPFOSͲimpactedsurfacesoilandcreateapotentialfortransport
andinhalationofdustderivedfromcontaminatedsurfacesoil.

GroundwaterReceptors

PotentialhumanreceptorsfromPFASingroundwaterincludeonͲbasepersonnelandresidents,grounds
maintenanceworkers,utilityworkers,constructionworkersthatmayencountertheshallowwatertable
atAFFFReleaseAreas1,2,3,and5wherePFOS,PFOA,andPFOA+PFOAexceededtheUSEPAHAvalue.

HumangroundwaterreceptorsviatheingestionpathwayarenotpresentforanyAFFFreleaseareaator
downgradient(southwest)ofHollomanAFBsincegroundwaterbeneathHollomanAFBisclassifiedasunfit
forhumanconsumptionduetothegenerallypoorambientgroundwaterquality.Concentrationsoftotal
dissolved solids (TDS) in groundwater exceed the New Mexico Water Quality Control Commission
(NMWQCC)humanhealthstandardof1,000mg/landthereforenopotablewatersupplywellsarelocated
atHollomanAFB.Allpotablewaterattheinstallationisobtainedfrom15wellslocated12to35miles
southeastoftheinstallationatanaveragedepthof450to550feet(HollomanAFB,2016).Thepotable
watersupplyatHollomanAFBisroutinelysampledforPFASandnodetectionshavebeenreported.

AlthoughtheCityofAlamogordoobtainspotablewaterfromthesamewellfieldasHollomanAFB,private
watersupplywellsarealsoutilizedoutsidethecitylimitsandwithin4Ͳmilesoftheinstallationboundary.
Groundwaterflowon,andinthevicinityofHollomanAFBisdirectedtothesouthwest,coincidentwith
regional topography and therefore all identified private water supply wells are located in upͲ or sideͲ
gradientlocationsrelativetotheAFFFreleaseareasandnotconsideredreceptorsforgroundwaterfrom
theinstallation.

Asaresult,thereiscurrentlynopotentialreceptorpathwaywithimmediateimpactstohumanhealthat
HollomanAFB.

SedimentReceptors

Potential human receptors from PFAS in sediment include onͲbase personnel, grounds maintenance
workers,utilityworkers,constructionworkers,sitevisitors,trespassersand/orrecreationalusersofLake
HollomanthatmaycomeincontactwithPFASͲimpactedsediment.PFOSconcentrationsexceededthe
RSLinsedimentsatAFFFReleaseAreas3and4,ApacheMesaGolfCourseandLakeHollomanoutfalls.
Exposureroutesincludedermalcontactwithsubmergedorexposedsedimentduringworkactivitiessuch
as maintenance of ponds, drainage ditches, and canals, as well as various recreational activities at or
downstreamofLakeHollomanoratApacheMesaGolfCourse.

SurfaceWaterReceptors

Potential human receptors include onͲbase personnel, grounds maintenance workers, utility workers,
constructionworkers,sitevisitors,and/ortrespassersthatmaycomeintocontactwithPFASͲimpacted
surfacewaterwithintheApacheMesaGolfCourse,thesewagelagoonareaoutfalls,orLakeHolloman.
PFOS,PFOA,and/orPFOS+PFOAinsurfacewaterexceededtheUSEPAHAvaluesatAFFFReleaseAreas2,
SiteInspectionofAqueousFilmFormingFoam(AFFF)ReleaseAreas
FinalSiteInspectionReport,HollomanAirForceBase
November2018
Page38

3, and 4 (all surface water sampling areas). However, the USEPA HA value for PFOS and PFOA is only
applicabletodrinkingwatersources,andthesurfacewatersthatweresampledasapartofthisSIarenot
usedasadrinkingwatersourceduetoelevatedlevelsofTDSabovetheNMWQCClimitforpotablewater.

Furthermore,CityofAlamogordodrinkingwatersurfacewaterextractionpointsarelocatedupgradient
fromHAFBwithinthecanyonsofthesurroundingmountainsranges.Therefore,theonlyexposureroutes
forPFASͲimpactedsurfacewatersampledduringthisSIaredermalcontactoraccidentalingestionand
arenotconsideredimmediateimpactstohumanhealth.
SiteInspectionofAqueousFilmFormingFoam(AFFF)ReleaseAreas
FinalSiteInspectionReport,HollomanAirForceBase
November2018
Page39

6.0 REFERENCES
Amec Foster Wheeler Environment & Infrastructure, Inc. (Amec Foster Wheeler), 2017a.  Final Site
Inspection of Aqueous Film Forming Foam (AFFF) Release Areas, Environmental Programs
Worldwide,InstallationͲSpecificWorkPlan,HollomanAirForceBase,Alamogordo,NewMexico,
June.
AmecFosterWheeler,2017b.FinalSiteInspectionofFilmFormingFoam(AFFF)ReleaseAreasQuality
ProgramPlan,March.
Baer Engineering and Environmental Consulting, 2018.  Technical Memorandum Golf Course Quarterly
GroundwaterMonitoringReport,Quarter2(April2018–June2018),HollomanAFB,NewMexico,
July.
Bhate Environmental Associates, Inc., 2006. FTͲ31 Voluntary Corrective Measures Completion Report,
HollomanAirForceBase,OteroCounty,NewMexico.April.
CH2MHILL,1983.InstallationRestorationProgramRecordsSearchforHollomanAirForceBase,New
Mexico.August.
City of Alamogordo, 2016. 2016 Water Quality Report, Online Reference:
http://ci.alamogordo.nm.us/Assets/COA+Documents+$!26+Images/Public+Works/2016+Water+
Quality+Report.pdf.AccessedMarch26,2018.
Coates,1977.AHistoryofUSAFFireProtectionTrainingatChanuteAirForceBase,1964–1976.
Department of Defense (DoD), 1969.  MILͲFͲ24385, Military Specification: Fire Extinguishing Agent,
AqueousFilmForming(AFFF)LiquidConcentrate,SixPercent,forFreshandSeaWater,November.
DoD, 1984.  MILͲFͲ24385F (SH) Amendment 1, Fire Extinguishing Agent, Aqueous Film Forming Foam
(AFFF)LiquidConcentrate,forFreshandSeawater,August.
DoD,2009.DepartmentofDefense,InstructionNumber4715.18EmergingContaminants(ECs),11June.
EbascoServicesInc.(Ebasco),1995.ManagementActionPlan,HollomanAirForceBase,Alamogordo,
NewMexico.December.
EnvironmentalMonitoringSystemsLaboratory(EMSL),1988.GeophysicalandSoilͲGasInvestigationsat
HollomanAirForceBase,NewMexico.January.
Foster Wheeler Environmental Corporation (FWEC), 1995.  Final Closure Report for Sewage Lagoons
Closure,HollomanAirForceBase,NewMexico.July.
NationView/BhateJVIII,LLC(NVB),2009.FinalBasewideBackgroundStudyReport,HollomanAirForce
Base,NewMexico.October.
NMED, 2011.  Monitoring Well Construction and Abandonment Guidelines, New Mexico Environment
Department,GroundWaterQualityBureau.
HydroGeologic,Inc.(HGL),2015.FinalPreliminaryAssessmentReportforPerfluorinatedCompoundsat
HollomanAirForceBase,Alamogordo,NewMexico.September.
HollomanAirForceBase(HAFB),2016.2016AnnualDrinkingWaterQualityReportforHollomanAFB
PublicWaterSystemID:NM3562719.June.
SiteInspectionofAqueousFilmFormingFoam(AFFF)ReleaseAreas
FinalSiteInspectionReport,HollomanAirForceBase
November2018
Page40

United States Air Force (USAF), 2012.  Interim USAF Guidance on Sampling and Response Actions for
PerfluorinatedCompoundsatActiveandBaseRealignmentandClosureInstallations,August.
USAF,2016.SAF/IEPolicyonPerfluorinatedCompounds(PFCs)ofConcern,August.
USAF,2017.HollomanAirForceBaseData.Onlinereference:
http://www.holloman.af.mil/AboutUs/FactSheets/Display/tabid/6317/Article/317268/holloman
ͲairͲforceͲbaseͲdata.aspx.AccessedJanuary2017.
UnitedStatesDepartmentofAgriculture,1981.SoilSurveyofOteroArea,NewMexico,June.
USEPA,2014.USEPAFactSheet.EmergingContaminantsFactSheet–PFOSandPFOA,March.
USEPA,2016a.DrinkingWaterHealthAdvisoryforPerfluorooctaneSulfonate(PFOS),19May.
USEPA,2016b.DrinkingWaterHealthAdvisoryforPerfluorooctanoicAcid(PFOA),19May.
USEPA, 2017a. Regional Screening Levels (RSLs) – Generic Tables (November 2017). Retrieved from
https://www.epa.gov/risk/regionalͲscreeningͲlevelsͲrslsͲgenericͲtablesͲnovemberͲ2017.
USEPA, 2017b.  Assessing and Managing Chemicals under TSCA, PerͲ and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances
(PFASs) under TSCA.  Updated 13 March.  https://www.epa.gov/assessingͲandͲmanagingͲ
chemicalsͲunderͲtsca/andͲpolyfluoroalkylͲsubstancesͲpfassͲunderͲtsca, accessed on 12 April,
2017.  


FIGURES
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FIGURE ACRONYMS

AFFF aqueous film forming foam

ft bgs feet below ground surface

μg/L micrograms per liter
mg/kg milligrams per kilogram

PFAS per- and polyfluorinated alkyl substances
PFBS perfluorobutanesulfonic acid
PFOA perfluorooctanoic acid
PFOS perfluorooctanesulfonic acid

SB soil boring
SD sediment
SW surface water

FIGURE NOTES

Pink shaded = Exceeds applied USEPA Health Advisory Value or RSL
Groundwater elevations in NAVD88 (feet)
A
Higher concentration observed in field duplicate sample
B = The analyte was detected in the sample, and in an associated blank, and the concentration
detected in the sample was less than 10x the concentration detected in the blank
J = The analyte was positively identified, and the associated numerical value is the approximate
concentration of the analyte in the sample
U = The analyte was analyzed for, but was not detected above the reported limit of detection
UJ = The reported quantitation limit is approximate and may or may not represent the actual limit of
quantitation necessary to accurately and precisely measure the analyte in the sample
Q = The analyte is both B-qualified because of blank detection and J-qualified because of an
additional QC issue.
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UT CO KS

OK

AZ NM

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Path: C:\Workspace\GIS_Projects\775303101_USAF_Active_PFCs\0014_Holloman\MXDs\SIR\Figure 2-1-1 - Site Location.mxd

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Site Location Map
Building 171, Suite 155
JBSA Lackland, Texas 78236 Holloman Air Force Base
Alamogordo, New Mexico
Disclaimer: For general reference purposes only.

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Environmental Programs Worldwide
Site Inspection Report
This page intentionally left blank.
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AFFF Release Areas
Building 171, Suite 155 Roads
JBSA Lackland, Texas 78236 Holloman Air Force Base
Streams Alamogordo, New Mexico
Disclaimer: For general reference purposes only. Surface Water

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AFFF Release Area
Project: 775303101.0014 Site Inspection of Aqueous
Holloman AFB Installation Boundary Film Forming Foam (AFFF)
By: M.Vavra Date: 3/6/2018 Release Areas
Environmental Programs Worldwide
0 1,000 2,000 4,000 Feet Site Inspection Report
This page intentionally left blank.
A A'

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Path: C:\Workspace\GIS_Projects\775303101_USAF_Active_PFCs\0014_Holloman\MXDs\SIR\Figure 3-0-1 - Cross Section A-A.mxd

CL CLAYEY SAND / SANDY CLAY
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Air Force Civil Engineer Center Symbol Key A' FIGURE 3.0-1
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!
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Thispageintentionallyleftblank.
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Path: C:\Workspace\GIS_Projects\775303101_USAF_Active_PFCs\0014_Holloman\MXDs\SIR\Figure 3-0-2 - Cross Section B-B.mxd

4075' SILTY SAND
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0' 50' 100' 150' 200' 250' 300' 350' 400' 450'

Distance Along Baseline (feet)

Air Force Civil Engineer Center Symbol Key
FIGURE 3.0-2
*
#
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%

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JBSA Lackland, Texas 78236 !
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!
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! !
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By:M.Vavra Date: 4/13/2018 Film Forming Foam (AFFF) Release Areas
Environmental Programs Worldwide
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Thispageintentionallyleftblank.
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Path: C:\Workspace\GIS_Projects\775303101_USAF_Active_PFCs\0014_Holloman\MXDs\SIR\Figure 3-0-3 - Basewide GW Elev.mxd

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μ
AFFF Release Area
Project: 775303101.0014 Site Inspection of Aqueous
Holloman AFB Installation Boundary Film Forming Foam (AFFF)
By: M.Vavra Date: 3/29/2018 Release Areas
Environmental Programs Worldwide
0 1,000 2,000 4,000 Feet Site Inspection Report
This page intentionally left blank.
Former FTA (FT-31)

SWMU-135 / OWS Drainage Pit

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Path: H:\Projects\775303101_USAF_Active_PFCs\0014_Holloman\MXDs\SIR\Figure 3-1-1 - RA 1 - Samples.mxd

Air Force Civil Engineer Center Symbol Key FIGURE 3.1-1 Se rvice Laye r Cr edits: Sour ce: Esr i,
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Building 171, Suite 155
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Holloman Air Force Base
Disclaimer: For general reference purposes only. AFFF Release Area
Alamogordo, New Mexico

μ Project: 775303101.0014 Approximate Historic Features
Site Inspection of Aqueous
By: M.Vavra Date: 4/12/2018 Film Forming Foam (AFFF)
Release Areas
0 50 100 200 Feet Environmental Programs Worldwide
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FIGURE 3.1-2
USG S, Ae roGR ID, IGN, and the GIS

2261 Hughes Avenue 
 Monitoring Well / Soil Boring PFAS in Soil
Former FTA (FT-31)
Building 171, Suite 155
JBSA Lackland, Texas 78236
|
 Soil Boring
AFFF Release Area 1
AFFF Release Area Holloman Air Force Base
Disclaimer: For general reference purposes only. Approximate Historic Features Alamogordo, New Mexico

q 0 50
Project: 775303101.0014

By: M.Vavra

100
Date: 3/21/2018

200 Feet
Site Inspection of Aqueous
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Release Areas
Environmental Programs Worldwide
Site Inspection Report
This page intentionally left blank.
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Path: C:\Workspace\GIS_Projects\775303101_USAF_Active_PFCs\0014_Holloman\MXDs\SIR\Figure 3-1-3 - RA 1 - GW.mxd

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Air Force Civil Engineer Center Symbol Key Se rvice Laye r Cr edits: Sour ce: Esr i,
Dig italGlo be, GeoEye , Eart hsta r
Geog rap hics, C NES/Airb us DS, USDA,

FIGURE 3.1-3
USG S, Ae roGR ID, IGN, and the GIS

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" Monitoring Well PFAS in Groundwater
Building 171, Suite 155 Former FTA (FT-31)
JBSA Lackland, Texas 78236 
 Monitoring Well / Soil Boring
AFFF Release Area 1
AFFF Release Area Holloman Air Force Base
Disclaimer: For general reference purposes only. Approximate Historic Features Alamogordo, New Mexico

q 0 50
Project: 775303101.0014

By: M.Vavra

100
Date: 3/6/2018

200 Feet
Site Inspection of Aqueous
Film Forming Foam (AFFF)
Release Areas
Environmental Programs Worldwide
Site Inspection Report
This page intentionally left blank.
|
! SB02002
|
! SB02001
A B

!
> MW02004
4027.49

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D
|
! SB02003

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Path: H:\Projects\775303101_USAF_Active_PFCs\0014_Holloman\MXDs\SIR\Figure 3-2-1 - RA 2 - Samples.mxd

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Air Force Civil Engineer Center Symbol Key FIGURE 3.2-1 Se rvice Laye r Cr edits:
So urce : Esri,
Dig italGlo be, GeoEye ,
Ea rths tar Geog ra phics,
CNES/Airb us DS, USDA,

Sampling Locations and
2261 Hughes Avenue !
> Monitoring Well / Soil Boring
Groundwater Elevations
Building 171, Suite 155 |
! Soil Boring Sewage Lagoon Area Outfall
JBSA Lackland, Texas 78236
#
* Surface Water / Sediment Sample AFFF Release Area 2
AFFF Release Area Holloman Air Force Base
Disclaimer: For general reference purposes only.
Alamogordo, New Mexico

μ
Former Sewage Lagoons
Project: 775303101.0014
Holloman AFB Installation Boundary Site Inspection of Aqueous
By: M.Vavra Date: 4/12/2018 Film Forming Foam (AFFF)
Release Areas
0 250 500 1,000 Feet Environmental Programs Worldwide
Site Inspection Report
This page intentionally left blank.
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Path: C:\Workspace\GIS_Projects\775303101_USAF_Active_PFCs\0014_Holloman\MXDs\SIR\Figure 3-2-2 - RA 2 - Soil.mxd

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Air Force Civil Engineer Center Symbol Key Se rvice Laye r Cr edits:
So urce : Esri,
Dig italGlo be, GeoEye ,

FIGURE 3.2-2
Ea rths tar Geog ra phics,
CNES/Airb us DS, USDA,

2261 Hughes Avenue 
 Monitoring Well / Soil Boring PFAS in Soil
Building 171, Suite 155 |
 Soil Boring Sewage Lagoon Area Outfall
JBSA Lackland, Texas 78236 AFFF Release Area 2
AFFF Release Area
Holloman Air Force Base
Disclaimer: For general reference purposes only.
Former Sewage Lagoons Alamogordo, New Mexico

q
Holloman AFB Installation Boundary
Project: 775303101.0014
Site Inspection of Aqueous
Date: 3/6/2018 Film Forming Foam (AFFF)
By: M.Vavra
Release Areas
0 250 500 1,000 Feet Environmental Programs Worldwide
Site Inspection Report
This page intentionally left blank.
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Path: C:\Workspace\GIS_Projects\775303101_USAF_Active_PFCs\0014_Holloman\MXDs\SIR\Figure 3-2-3 - RA 2 - GW.mxd

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Air Force Civil Engineer Center Symbol Key Se rvice Laye r Cr edits:
So urce : Esri,
Dig italGlo be, GeoEye ,

FIGURE 3.2-3
Ea rths tar Geog ra phics,
CNES/Airb us DS, USDA,

2261 Hughes Avenue 
 Monitoring Well / Soil Boring PFAS in Groundwater
Building 171, Suite 155 AFFF Release Area Sewage Lagoon Area Outfall
JBSA Lackland, Texas 78236 AFFF Release Area 2
Former Sewage Lagoons
Holloman Air Force Base
Disclaimer: For general reference purposes only. Holloman AFB Installation Boundary Alamogordo, New Mexico

q
0 250
Project: 775303101.0014

By: M.Vavra

500
Date: 3/6/2018

1,000 Feet
Site Inspection of Aqueous
Film Forming Foam (AFFF)
Release Areas
Environmental Programs Worldwide
Site Inspection Report
This page intentionally left blank.


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Path: C:\Workspace\GIS_Projects\775303101_USAF_Active_PFCs\0014_Holloman\MXDs\SIR\Figure 3-2-4 - RA 2 - Sediment.mxd

Air Force Civil Engineer Center Symbol Key Se rvice Laye r Cr edits:
So urce : Esri,
Dig italGlo be, GeoEye ,

FIGURE 3.2-4
Ea rths tar Geog ra phics,
CNES/Airb us DS, USDA,

2261 Hughes Avenue 
Surface Water / Sediment Sample PFAS in Sediment
Building 171, Suite 155 AFFF Release Area Sewage Lagoon Area Outfall
JBSA Lackland, Texas 78236 AFFF Release Area 2
Former Sewage Lagoons
Holloman Air Force Base
Disclaimer: For general reference purposes only. Holloman AFB Installation Boundary Alamogordo, New Mexico

q
0 250
Project: 775303101.0014

By: M.Vavra

500
Date: 3/29/2018

1,000 Feet
Site Inspection of Aqueous
Film Forming Foam (AFFF)
Release Areas
Environmental Programs Worldwide
Site Inspection Report
This page intentionally left blank.


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Path: C:\Workspace\GIS_Projects\775303101_USAF_Active_PFCs\0014_Holloman\MXDs\SIR\Figure 3-2-5 - RA 2 - SW.mxd

Air Force Civil Engineer Center Symbol Key Se rvice Laye r Cr edits:
So urce : Esri,
Dig italGlo be, GeoEye ,

FIGURE 3.2-5
Ea rths tar Geog ra phics,
CNES/Airb us DS, USDA,

2261 Hughes Avenue 
Surface Water / Sediment Sample PFAS in Surface Water
Building 171, Suite 155 AFFF Release Area Sewage Lagoon Area Outfall
JBSA Lackland, Texas 78236 AFFF Release Area 2
Former Sewage Lagoons
Holloman Air Force Base
Disclaimer: For general reference purposes only. Holloman AFB Installation Boundary Alamogordo, New Mexico

q
0 250
Project: 775303101.0014

By: M.Vavra

500
Date: 3/29/2018

1,000 Feet
Site Inspection of Aqueous
Film Forming Foam (AFFF)
Release Areas
Environmental Programs Worldwide
Site Inspection Report
This page intentionally left blank.
Pond 2
#
* SD/SW03002

Pond 1

# SD/SW03001
*
Golf Course
Apache Mesa Golf
Effluent Tank
Course Outfall

@ MW-3
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4032.20
Path: H:\Projects\775303101_USAF_Active_PFCs\0014_Holloman\MXDs\SIR\Figure 3-3-1 - RA 3 - Samples.mxd

Air Force Civil Engineer Center Symbol Key FIGURE 3.3-1 Se rvice Laye r Cr edits: Sour ce: Esr i, Digita lGlobe ,
GeoEye , Eart hstar Ge ogr aph ci s, CNES/Air bus DS,
USDA, USGS, Aer oGRI D, IGN, and the GIS Use r

@
A
?
Sampling Locations and
2261 Hughes Avenue Monitoring Well
Groundwater Elevations
Building 171, Suite 155
JBSA Lackland, Texas 78236
#
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AFFF Release Area AFFF Release Area 3
Holloman AFB Installation Boundary Holloman Air Force Base
Disclaimer: For general reference purposes only.
Alamogordo, New Mexico

μ0 200
Project: 775303101.0014

By: M.Vavra

400
Date: 4/12/2018

800 Feet
Site Inspection of Aqueous
Film Forming Foam (AFFF)
Release Areas
Environmental Programs Worldwide
Site Inspection Report
This page intentionally left blank.
!
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Path: C:\Workspace\GIS_Projects\775303101_USAF_Active_PFCs\0014_Holloman\MXDs\SIR\Figure 3-3-2 - RA 3 - GW.mxd

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Air Force Civil Engineer Center Symbol Key Se rvice Laye r Cr edits: Sour ce: Esr i, Digita lGlobe ,
GeoEye , Eart hstar Ge ogr aph ic s, CNES/Air bus DS,
USDA, USGS, Aer oGRI D, IGN, and the GIS Use r

FIGURE 3.3-2
2261 Hughes Avenue !
" Monitoring Well PFAS in Groundwater
Building 171, Suite 155 Apache Mesa Golf Course Outfall
JBSA Lackland, Texas 78236
AFFF Release Area AFFF Release Area 3
Holloman AFB Installation Boundary Holloman Air Force Base
Disclaimer: For general reference purposes only. Alamogordo, New Mexico

q0 200
Project: 775303101.0014

By: M.Vavra

400
Date: 3/6/2018

800 Feet
Site Inspection of Aqueous
Film Forming Foam (AFFF)
Release Areas
Environmental Programs Worldwide
Site Inspection Report
This page intentionally left blank.
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Path: C:\Workspace\GIS_Projects\775303101_USAF_Active_PFCs\0014_Holloman\MXDs\SIR\Figure 3-3-3 - RA 3 - Sediment.mxd

Air Force Civil Engineer Center Symbol Key Se rvice Laye r Cr edits: Sour ce: Esr i, Digita lGlobe ,
GeoEye , Eart hstar Ge ogr aph ic s, CNES/Air bus DS,
USDA, USGS, Aer oGRI D, IGN, and the GIS Use r

FIGURE 3.3-3
2261 Hughes Avenue 
Surface Water / Sediment Sample PFAS in Sediment
Apache Mesa Golf Course Outfall
Building 171, Suite 155 AFFF Release Area
JBSA Lackland, Texas 78236 AFFF Release Area 3
Holloman AFB Installation Boundary Holloman Air Force Base
Disclaimer: For general reference purposes only. Alamogordo, New Mexico

q0 200
Project: 775303101.0014

By: M.Vavra

400
Date: 3/21/2018

800 Feet
Site Inspection of Aqueous
Film Forming Foam (AFFF)
Release Areas
Environmental Programs Worldwide
Site Inspection Report
This page intentionally left blank.
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Path: C:\Workspace\GIS_Projects\775303101_USAF_Active_PFCs\0014_Holloman\MXDs\SIR\Figure 3-3-4 - RA 3 - SW.mxd

Air Force Civil Engineer Center Se rvice Laye r Cr edits: Sour ce: Esr i, Digita lGlobe ,

Symbol Key
GeoEye , Eart hstar Ge ogr aph ic s, CNES/Air bus DS,
USDA, USGS, Aer oGRI D, IGN, and the GIS Use r

FIGURE 3.3-4
2261 Hughes Avenue 
Surface Water / Sediment Sample PFAS in Surface Water
Apache Mesa Golf Course Outfall
Building 171, Suite 155
AFFF Release Area
JBSA Lackland, Texas 78236 AFFF Release Area 3
Holloman AFB Installation Boundary Holloman Air Force Base
Disclaimer: For general reference purposes only. Alamogordo, New Mexico

q0 200
Project: 775303101.0014

By: M.Vavra

400
Date: 3/6/2018

800 Feet
Site Inspection of Aqueous
Film Forming Foam (AFFF)
Release Areas
Environmental Programs Worldwide
Site Inspection Report
This page intentionally left blank.
Holloman AFB Outfall
#
* SD/SW04001

Lake Holloman Outfalls

Lagoon G Outfall

# SD/SW04002
*
Path: H:\Projects\775303101_USAF_Active_PFCs\0014_Holloman\MXDs\SIR\Figure 3-4-1 - RA 4 - Samples.mxd

Air Force Civil Engineer Center Symbol Key Se rvice Laye r Cr edits: Sour ce: Esr i,
Dig italGlo be, GeoEye , Eart hsta r Ge ogr aph ics,
CNES/Airb us DS, USDA, USGS, Aer oGRID,

FIGURE 3.4-1
2261 Hughes Avenue #
* Surface Water / Sediment Sample Sampling Locations
Building 171, Suite 155 AFFF Release Area Lake Holloman Outfalls
JBSA Lackland, Texas 78236 AFFF Release Area 4
Holloman AFB Installation Boundary Holloman Air Force Base
Disclaimer: For general reference purposes only. Alamogordo, New Mexico

μ 0 250
Project: 775303101.0014

By: M.Vavra

500
Date: 4/12/2018

1,000 Feet
Site Inspection of Aqueous
Film Forming Foam (AFFF)
Release Areas
Environmental Programs Worldwide
Site Inspection Report
This page intentionally left blank.
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Path: C:\Workspace\GIS_Projects\775303101_USAF_Active_PFCs\0014_Holloman\MXDs\SIR\Figure 3-4-2 - RA 4 - Sediment.mxd

Air Force Civil Engineer Center Symbol Key Se rvice Laye r Cr edits: Sour ce: Esr i,
Dig italGlo be, GeoEye , Eart hsta r Ge ogr aph ics,
CNES/Airb us DS, USDA, USGS, Aer oGRID,

FIGURE 3.4-2
2261 Hughes Avenue 
Surface Water / Sediment Sample PFAS in Sediment
Building 171, Suite 155 AFFF Release Area Lake Holloman Outfalls
JBSA Lackland, Texas 78236 AFFF Release Area 4
Holloman AFB Installation Boundary Holloman Air Force Base
Disclaimer: For general reference purposes only. Alamogordo, New Mexico

q 0 250
Project: 775303101.0014

By: M.Vavra

500
Date: 3/29/2018

1,000 Feet
Site Inspection of Aqueous
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Release Areas
Environmental Programs Worldwide
Site Inspection Report
This page intentionally left blank.
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Path: C:\Workspace\GIS_Projects\775303101_USAF_Active_PFCs\0014_Holloman\MXDs\SIR\Figure 3-4-3 - RA 4 - SW.mxd

Air Force Civil Engineer Center Symbol Key Se rvice Laye r Cr edits: Sour ce: Esr i,
Dig italGlo be, GeoEye , Eart hsta r Ge ogr aph ics,
CNES/Airb us DS, USDA, USGS, Aer oGRID,

FIGURE 3.4-3
2261 Hughes Avenue 
Surface Water / Sediment Sample PFAS in Surface Water
Building 171, Suite 155 AFFF Release Area Lake Holloman Outfalls
JBSA Lackland, Texas 78236 AFFF Release Area 4
Holloman AFB Installation Boundary Holloman Air Force Base
Disclaimer: For general reference purposes only. Alamogordo, New Mexico

q 0 250
Project: 775303101.0014

By: M.Vavra

500
Date: 3/29/2018

1,000 Feet
Site Inspection of Aqueous
Film Forming Foam (AFFF)
Release Areas
Environmental Programs Worldwide
Site Inspection Report
This page intentionally left blank.
Evaporation Pond
No. 2
SB05002 |
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4043.69
Path: H:\Projects\775303101_USAF_Active_PFCs\0014_Holloman\MXDs\SIR\Figure 3-5-1 - RA 5 - Samples.mxd

Air Force Civil Engineer Center Symbol Key FIGURE 3.5-1 Se rvice Laye r Cr edits:
So urce : Esri,
Dig italGlo be, GeoEye ,
Ea rths tar Geog ra phics,
CNES/Airb us DS, USDA,

Sampling Locations and
2261 Hughes Avenue !
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Groundwater Elevations
Building 171, Suite 155 |
! Soil Boring Evaporation Pond No. 2
JBSA Lackland, Texas 78236
AFFF Release Area AFFF Release Area 5
Holloman Air Force Base
Disclaimer: For general reference purposes only.
Alamogordo, New Mexico

μ0 25
Project: 775303101.0014

By: M.Vavra

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Date: 4/12/2018

150 Feet
Site Inspection of Aqueous
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Release Areas
Environmental Programs Worldwide
Site Inspection Report
This page intentionally left blank.
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Path: C:\Workspace\GIS_Projects\775303101_USAF_Active_PFCs\0014_Holloman\MXDs\SIR\Figure 3-5-2 - RA 5 - Soil.mxd

Air Force Civil Engineer Center Symbol Key Se rvice Laye r Cr edits:
So urce : Esri,
Dig italGlo be, GeoEye ,

FIGURE 3.5-2
Ea rths tar Geog ra phics,
CNES/Airb us DS, USDA,

2261 Hughes Avenue 
 Monitoring Well / Soil Boring PFAS in Soil
Building 171, Suite 155 |
 Soil Boring Evaporation Pond No. 2
JBSA Lackland, Texas 78236 AFFF Release Area 5
AFFF Release Area
Holloman Air Force Base
Disclaimer: For general reference purposes only. Alamogordo, New Mexico

q0 25 50
Project: 775303101.0014

By: M.Vavra

100
Date: 3/21/2018

150 Feet
Site Inspection of Aqueous
Film Forming Foam (AFFF)
Release Areas
Environmental Programs Worldwide
Site Inspection Report
This page intentionally left blank.



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Path: C:\Workspace\GIS_Projects\775303101_USAF_Active_PFCs\0014_Holloman\MXDs\SIR\Figure 3-5-3 - RA 5 - GW.mxd

Air Force Civil Engineer Center Symbol Key Se rvice Laye r Cr edits:
So urce : Esri,
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FIGURE 3.5-3
Ea rths tar Geog ra phics,
CNES/Airb us DS, USDA,

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 Monitoring Well / Soil Boring PFAS in Groundwater
Building 171, Suite 155 Evaporation Pond No. 2
AFFF Release Area
JBSA Lackland, Texas 78236 AFFF Release Area 5
Holloman Air Force Base
Disclaimer: For general reference purposes only. Alamogordo, New Mexico

q0 25 50
Project: 775303101.0014

By: M.Vavra

100
Date: 3/6/2018

150 Feet
Site Inspection of Aqueous
Film Forming Foam (AFFF)
Release Areas
Environmental Programs Worldwide
Site Inspection Report
This page intentionally left blank.
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Document Path: F:\Workspace\GIS_Projects\775303101_USAF_Active_PFCs\0014_Holloman\MXDs\SIR\Figure 4-2-1 - Off-Base Wells 4mile.mxd

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Symbol Key
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@
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2261 Hughes Avenue Approximate Groundwater Elevation (
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(
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JBSA Lackland, Texas 78236 (All Wells)
Approximate Groundwater Flow
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Project: 775303101.0014
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Holloman AFB Installation Boundary (
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1-Mile Installation Boundary Film Forming Foam (AFFF)
By:M.Vavra Date: 8/13/2018
4-Mile Installation Boundary Release Areas
Potentially Impacted Groundwater in
Environmental Programs Worldwide
0 5,000 10,000 20,000
Feet Downgradient Direction Site Inspection Report
Thispageintentionallyleftblank.
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Symbol Key
Air Force Civil Engineer Center FIGURE 4.2-2
@
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2261 Hughes Avenue Approximate Groundwater Elevation (
! Commercial Well Desktop 4-mile Water Well
Building 171, Suite 155 Contour (Nationview/Bhate 2008)
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Review Results
JBSA Lackland, Texas 78236 (Downgradient Wells)
Approximate Groundwater Flow
(
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Direction Holloman Air Force Base
Streams A
! Monitoring Well
Alamogordo, New Mexico
For general reference purposes only. Potential AFFF

μ
AFFF Release Area Release Area
Project: 775303101.0014
Holloman AFB Installation Boundary Site Inspection of Aqueous
1-Mile Installation Boundary Film Forming Foam (AFFF)
By:M.Vavra Date: 8/13/2018
4-Mile Installation Boundary Release Areas
Potentially Impacted Groundwater in
Environmental Programs Worldwide
0 2,000 4,000 8,000
Feet Downgradient Direction Site Inspection Report
Thispageintentionallyleftblank.
TABLES
This page intentionally left blank.
Table 3.0-1
Monitoring Well Construction Details
Site Inspection of Aqueous Film Forming Foam (AFFF) Release Areas
Site Inspection Report, Holloman AFB, Alamogordo, New Mexico

AFFF Ground Well Screen Screen Screen Depth to Groundwater
Installation Well TOC elevation Well Depth
Release Location ID Northing Easting Elevation Diameter Length Size Interval Groundwat Elevation
Date Material (ft amsl) (ft bgs)
Area (ft amsl) (in) (ft) (in) (ft bgs) er (ft btoc) (ft amsl)
FT31-LM4 11/6/2017 PVC 676249.07 1693865.4 4102.84 4105.7 28.2 2 NA NA NA 24.02 4081.68
1 FT31-LM5 11/6/2017 PVC 675999.06 1693865.27 4101.83 4105.09 33.59 2 NA NA NA 23.14 4081.95
MW01004 11/5/2017 PVC 676229.23 1694092.05 4102.59 4102.74 27.92 2 10 0.01 18.01-28.01 21.18 4081.56
MW02004 11/5/2017 PVC 664630.78 1684649.06 4036.46 4036.6 17.91 2 10 0.01 7.01-17.01 9.11 4027.49
2 MW02005 11/5/2017 PVC 662904.98 1684559.34 4033.22 4033.39 16.65 2 10 0.01 6.01-16.01 11.57 4021.82
MW02006 11/5/2017 PVC 660670.65 1685176.71 4029.48 4029.2 15.71 2 10 0.01 6.01-16.01 4.97 4024.23
3 MW-3 11/5/2017 PVC 668588.46 1683902.61 4038.24 4038.34 19.13 2 NA 0.01 NA 6.14 4032.2
5 MW05001 11/6/2017 PVC 668588.46 1683902.61 4048.40 4048.16 27.7 2 10 0.01 19.01-29.01 4.47 4043.69

Notes:
AFFF - aqueous film forming foam
amsl - above mean sea level
bgs - below ground surface
ft - feet
in - inches
NA - not available
PVC - Polyvinyl Chloride
TOC - top of casing
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Table 3.1-1
Summary of Soil Analytical Testing Results
Site Inspection of Aqueous Film Forming Foam (AFFF) Release Areas
Site Inspection Report, Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico

perfluorooctanesulfonamidoa

perfluorooctanesulfonamidoa

Perfluorohexanesulfonic acid
Perfluorobutanesulfonic acid
Perfluorooctanesulfonic acid

6:2 Fluorotelomer sulfonate

8:2 Fluorotelomer sulfonate

Perfluorotetradecanoic acid
Perfluorododecanoic acid

Perfluoroundecanoic acid
Perfluorotridecanoic acid
Perfluoroheptanoic acid
cetic acid (NMEFOSAA)

Perfluorononanoic acid
Perfluorohexanoic acid
Perfluorodecanoic acid
cetic acid (NETFOSAA)
Perfluorooctanoic acid

(PFTeDA)
N-Methyl

(PFTrDA)
(6:2 FTS)

(8:2 FTS)

(PFUnA)
(PFDoA)

(PFHpA)

(PFHxA)
(PFHxS)
(PFOA)

(PFNA)
(PFDA)
N-Ethyl
(PFOS)

(PFBS)

Analyte:

Screening Level: 0.126¹ 0.126¹ 130² NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Sample
AFFF Sample Sample
Location Sample ID Depth mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg
Area Date Type
(ft.)
HOLMN01-SO-007 30-Oct-17 0.0-0.5 N 0.217 0.031 0.00101 J 0.00836 0.0043 U 0.0043 U 0.0043 U 0.0011 U 0.0011 U 0.00101 J 0.0562 0.00808 0.00506 0.0011 U 0.0011 U 0.0011U
MW01004
HOLMN01-SO-008 30-Oct-17 19.0-20.0 N 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.005 U 0.005 U 0.005 U 0.005 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012U
HOLMN01-SO-001 31-Oct-17 0.0-0.5 N 0.0576 0.0123 0.00184 J 0.0045 U 0.0045 U 0.0045 U 0.0045 U 0.0011 U 0.0011 U 0.00155 J 0.0203 0.006 0.00127 J 0.0011 U 0.0011 U 0.0011U
SB01001 HOLMN01-SO-002 31-Oct-17 22.0-23.0 N 1.13 J 0.178 0.0435 0.169 0.101 0.048 U 0.048 U 0.012 U 0.012 U 0.0214 J 0.325 0.155 0.00763 J 0.012 U 0.012 U 0.012U
HOLMN-FD-SO-001 31-Oct-17 22.0-23.0 FD 0.753 J 0.19 0.0577 0.168 0.127 0.0048 U 0.0048 U 0.00179 J 0.0012 U 0.0214 0.375 0.153 0.00855 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012U
HOLMN01-SO-003 31-Oct-17 0.0-0.5 N 0.26 J 0.000968 J 0.0012 UJ 0.0046 UJ 0.0046 UJ 0.0046 U 0.0046 U 0.0012 UJ 0.0012 UJ 0.0012 UJ 0.00185 J 0.0012 UJ 0.00287 J 0.0012 UJ 0.0012 UJ 0.0012UJ
1
SB01002 HOLMN-FD-SO-002 31-Oct-17 0.0-0.5 FD 0.159 J 0.000844 J 0.0011 U 0.0046 U 0.0046 U 0.0046 U 0.0046 U 0.0011 U 0.0011 U 0.0011 U 0.0013 J 0.0011 U 0.00215 J 0.0011 U 0.0011 U 0.0011U
HOLMN01-SO-004 31-Oct-17 17.0-18.0 N 0.241 0.0602 0.0012 U 0.177 0.00824 0.0049 U 0.0049 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.00675 0.198 0.00994 0.00178 J 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012U
HOLMN01-SO-005 30-Oct-17 0.0-0.5 N 0.33 0.0561 0.0583 0.0205 0.0617 0.0044 U 0.0044 U 0.00135 J 0.0011 U 0.0328 0.0895 0.196 0.0142 0.0011 U 0.0011 U 0.0011U
SB01003
HOLMN01-SO-006 30-Oct-17 21.0-22.0 N 0.00077 B 0.115 0.0371 0.114 0.0053 U 0.0053 U 0.0053 U 0.0013 U 0.0013 U 0.0131 0.0013 U 0.0813 0.0013 U 0.0013 U 0.0013 U 0.0013U
HOLMN01-SO-009 31-Oct-17 0.0-0.5 N 0.0242 J 0.00529 J 0.0013 UJ 0.0051 UJ 0.0051 UJ 0.0051 U 0.0051 U 0.0013 UJ 0.0013 UJ 0.000805 J 0.0111 J 0.00188 J 0.0013 UJ 0.0013 UJ 0.0013 UJ 0.0013UJ
SB01005
HOLMN01-SO-010 31-Oct-17 19.0-20.0 N 0.247 0.057 J 0.0441 J 0.065 J 0.0106 0.005 U 0.005 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0182 J 0.244 0.152 0.0015 J 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012U
HOLMN02-SO-007 02-Nov-17 0.0-0.5 N 0.00844 Q 0.00104 Q 0.0014 UJ 0.0057 UJ 0.0057 U 0.0057 U 0.0057 U 0.0014 U 0.0014 U 0.000735 J 0.00393 Q 0.0014 UJ 0.0014 U 0.0014 U 0.0014 U 0.0014U
MW02004 HOLMN02-SO-008 02-Nov-17 4.0-5.0 N 0.00442 B 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0049 U 0.0049 U 0.0049 U 0.0049 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.000657 J 0.00243 B 0.00112 B 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012U
HOLMN-FD-SO-003 02-Nov-17 4.0-5.0 FD 0.00295 B 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0048 U 0.0048 U 0.0048 U 0.0048 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.00148 B 0.0008 B 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012U
HOLMN02-SO-009 01-Nov-17 0.0-0.5 N 0.00985 B 0.000621 B 0.0011 U 0.0045 U 0.0045 U 0.0045 U 0.0045 U 0.0011 U 0.0011 U 0.0011 U 0.000984 B 0.0011 U 0.0011 U 0.0011 U 0.0011 U 0.0011U
MW02005
HOLMN02-SO-010 01-Nov-17 6.0-7.0 N 0.00105 B 0.00128 B 0.0012 U 0.0046 U 0.0046 U 0.0046 U 0.0046 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.000816 J 0.00356 B 0.00117 B 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012U
2
HOLMN02-SO-011 02-Nov-17 0.0-0.5 N 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.00119 J 0.0047 U 0.0047 U 0.0047 U 0.0047 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.00138 B 0.00157 B 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012U
MW02006
HOLMN02-SO-012 02-Nov-17 4.0-5.0 N 0.0228 B 0.0027 B 0.000935 J 0.0048 U 0.0048 U 0.0048 U 0.0048 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.00152 J 0.0105 B 0.00423 B 0.000695 J 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012U
HOLMN02-SO-001 06-Nov-17 0.0-0.5 N 0.0011 U 0.0011 U 0.0011 U 0.0045 U 0.0045 U 0.0045 U 0.0045 U 0.0011 U 0.0011 U 0.000664 J 0.00284 0.0011 U 0.0011 U 0.0011 U 0.0011 U 0.0011U
SB02001 HOLMN02-SO-002 02-Nov-17 2.0-2.5 N 0.00127 B 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0046 U 0.0046 U 0.0046 U 0.0046 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0021 J 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012U
HOLMN-FD-SO-004 02-Nov-17 2.0-2.5 FD 0.00167 B 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0047 U 0.0047 U 0.0047 U 0.0047 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.00186 J 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012U

Notes:
Purple Shaded = Exceeds Screening Level
B = The analyte was found in an associated blank, as well as in the sample.
FD = Field Duplicate Sample
ft = Feet
ID = Identification
J = The analyte was positively identified and the associated numerical value is the approximate concentration of the analyte in the sample.
N = Normal Field Sample
NA = Not applicable
U = The analyte was analyzed for, but was not detected above the reported limit of detection (LOD).
UJ = The reported quantitation limit is approximate and may or may not represent the actual limit of quantitation necessary to accurately and precisely measure the analyte in the sample.
mg/kg = milligrams per kilogram
PFAS analysis by Modified USEPA Method 537 using Liquid Chromatography and Tandem Mass Spectrometry
¹Screening levels calculated using the EPA Regional Screening Level calculator [https://epa-prgs.ornl.gov/cgi-bin/chemicals/csl_search]
²USEPA Regional Screening Levels (November, 2017a) [https://semspub.epa.gov/work/HQ/197027.pdf]

Page 1 of 2 Report Date: 3/30/2018
Table 3.1-1
Summary of Soil Analytical Testing Results
Site Inspection of Aqueous Film Forming Foam (AFFF) Release Areas
Site Inspection Report, Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico

perfluorooctanesulfonamidoa

perfluorooctanesulfonamidoa

Perfluorohexanesulfonic acid
Perfluorobutanesulfonic acid
Perfluorooctanesulfonic acid

6:2 Fluorotelomer sulfonate

8:2 Fluorotelomer sulfonate

Perfluorotetradecanoic acid
Perfluorododecanoic acid

Perfluoroundecanoic acid
Perfluorotridecanoic acid
Perfluoroheptanoic acid
cetic acid (NMEFOSAA)

Perfluorononanoic acid
Perfluorohexanoic acid
Perfluorodecanoic acid
cetic acid (NETFOSAA)
Perfluorooctanoic acid

(PFTeDA)
N-Methyl

(PFTrDA)
(6:2 FTS)

(8:2 FTS)

(PFUnA)
(PFDoA)

(PFHpA)

(PFHxA)
(PFHxS)
(PFOA)

(PFNA)
(PFDA)
N-Ethyl
(PFOS)

(PFBS)

Analyte:

Screening Level: 0.126¹ 0.126¹ 130² NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Sample
AFFF Sample Sample
Location Sample ID Depth mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg
Area Date Type
(ft.)
HOLMN02-SO-003 02-Nov-17 0.0-0.5 N 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0047 U 0.0047 U 0.0047 U 0.0047 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.00101 J 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012U
SB02002
HOLMN02-SO-004 02-Nov-17 1.5-2.0 N 0.0176 B 0.00447 0.00177 J 0.0049 U 0.0049 U 0.0049 U 0.0049 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.000713 J 0.00837 0.00966 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012U
2
HOLMN02-SO-005 02-Nov-17 0.0-0.5 N 0.00174 B 0.00117 B 0.0012 U 0.0047 U 0.0047 U 0.0047 U 0.0047 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.000905 J 0.00339 B 0.000593 B 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012U
SB02003
HOLMN02-SO-006 02-Nov-17 5.0-6.0 N 0.0461 B 0.00378 B 0.000905 J 0.0049 U 0.0049 U 0.0049 U 0.0049 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.00251 0.00824 B 0.00498 B 0.000668 J 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012U
HOLMN05-SO-001 01-Nov-17 0.0-0.5 N 5.71 0.335 0.205 2.29 0.44 U 0.044 U 0.044 U 0.011 U 0.011 U 0.129 1.73 1.22 0.0823 0.011 U 0.011 U 0.011U
MW05001
HOLMN05-SO-002 01-Nov-17 14.0-15.0 N 0.186 0.005 B 0.00559 0.0199 0.0041 J 0.0047 U 0.0047 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.00218 J 0.0568 0.0227 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012U
5
HOLMN05-SO-003 01-Nov-17 0.0-0.5 N 0.745 0.228 0.2 0.454 0.045 U 0.0045 U 0.0045 U 0.000864 J 0.0011 U 0.0998 J 2 0.865 0.0314 0.0011 U 0.0011 U 0.0011U
SB05002
HOLMN05-SO-004 01-Nov-17 16.0-17.0 N 0.262 0.00565 Q 0.00578 J 0.0279 J 0.0044 J 0.0048 U 0.0048 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.00199 J 0.0523 J 0.0236 J 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012 U 0.0012U

Notes:
Purple Shaded = Exceeds Screening Level
B = The analyte was found in an associated blank, as well as in the sample.
FD = Field Duplicate Sample
ft = Feet
ID = Identification
J = The analyte was positively identified and the associated numerical value is the approximate concentration of the analyte in the sample.
N = Normal Field Sample
NA = Not applicable
U = The analyte was analyzed for, but was not detected above the reported limit of detection (LOD).
UJ = The reported quantitation limit is approximate and may or may not represent the actual limit of quantitation necessary to accurately and precisely measure the analyte in the sample.
mg/kg = milligrams per kilogram
PFAS analysis by Modified USEPA Method 537 using Liquid Chromatography and Tandem Mass Spectrometry
¹Screening levels calculated using the EPA Regional Screening Level calculator [https://epa-prgs.ornl.gov/cgi-bin/chemicals/csl_search]
²USEPA Regional Screening Levels (November, 2017a) [https://semspub.epa.gov/work/HQ/197027.pdf]

Page 2 of 2 Report Date: 3/30/2018
Table 3.1-2
Summary of Soil General Chemistry Analytical Testing Results
Site Inspection of Aqueous Film Forming Foam (AFFF) Release Areas
Site Inspection Report, Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico

TOC
PH
Analyte:

AFFF Sample Sample
Location Sample ID Sample Date pH Units mg/kg
Area Depth (ft.) Type
HOLMN01-C (0-0.5)
06-Nov-17 0.0-0.5 N 7.89 1720 Y
1 HOLMN01-C
HOLMN01-C (17-23)
06-Nov-17 17.0-23.0 N 7.79 5790

HOLMN02-C (0-0.5)
06-Nov-17 0.0-0.5 N 7.9 5550
2 HOLMN02-C
HOLMN02-C (4-7)
06-Nov-17 4.0-7.0 N 7.86 2230

HOLMN05-C (0-0.5)
06-Nov-17 0.0-0.5 N 8.09 1980
5 HOLMN05-C
HOLMN05-C (14-17)
06-Nov-17 14.0-17.0 N 7.92 5610

Notes:
ft = Feet
ID = Identification
J = The analyte was positively identified and the associated numerical value is the approximate concentration of the analyte in the sample.
N = Normal Field Sample
mg/kg = milligrams per kilogram

Page 1 of 1 Report Date: 3/21/2018
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Table 3.1-3
Summary of Groundwater Analytical Testing Results
Site Inspection of Aqueous Film Forming Foam (AFFF) Release Areas
Site Inspection Report, Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico

perfluorooctanesulfonamidoacetic acid

perfluorooctanesulfonamidoacetic acid

Perfluorotetradecanoic acid (PFTeDA)
Perfluorohexanesulfonic acid (PFHxS)
6:2 Fluorotelomer sulfonate (6:2 FTS)

8:2 Fluorotelomer sulfonate (8:2 FTS)
Perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS)

Perfluorobutanesulfonic acid (PFBS)

Perfluorotridecanoic acid (PFTrDA)

Perfluoroundecanoic acid (PFUnA)
Perfluorododecanoic acid (PFDoA)

Perfluoroheptanoic acid (PFHpA)

Perfluorohexanoic acid (PFHxA)

Perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA)
Perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA)
Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA)

(NMEFOSAA)
(NETFOSAA)
PFOS+PFOA

N-Methyl
N-Ethyl
Analyte:

Health Advisory: 0.07 0.07 0.07 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
EPA RSL Tapwater¹: NA NA NA 400 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
AFFF Sample Sample Sample
Location Sample ID μg/L μg/L μg/L μg/L μg/L μg/L μg/L μg/L μg/L μg/L μg/L μg/L μg/L μg/L μg/L μg/L μg/L
Area Date Depth (ft.) Type
HOLMN01-GW-003 06-Nov-17 26.0-26.0 N 1.95 J 6.09 8.04 26.6 11.3 4U 4U 4U 1.5 U 1.5 U 4.56 88.3 30.3 0.8 U 1.5 U 1.5 U 1.5 U
FT31-LM4 HOLMN-FD-GW-
06-Nov-17 26.0-26.0 FD 1.62 J 5.11 6.73 21.7 9.28 4U 4U 4U 1.5 U 1.5 U 3.79 71.9 25.3 0.8 U 1.5 U 1.5 U 1.5 U
1 001
FT31-LM5 HOLMN01-GW-001 06-Nov-17 31.0-31.3 N 48.4 254 302.4 226 329 40 U 40 U 40 U 15 U 15 U 66.1 859 672 8U 15 U 15 U 15 U
MW01004 HOLMN01-GW-002 05-Nov-17 26.0-26.0 N 1.28 0.746 2.026 0.12 U 0.271 J 0.33 U 0.33 U 0.33 U 0.12 U 0.12 U 0.12 U 1.22 0.817 0.067 U 0.12 U 0.12 U 0.12 U
MW02004 HOLMN02-GW-001 05-Nov-17 16.0-16.0 N 0.241 0.115 J 0.356 0.378 0.33 U 0.33 U 0.33 U 0.33 U 0.12 U 0.12 U 0.269 0.791 1.02 0.067 U 0.12 U 0.12 U 0.12 U
2 MW02005 HOLMN02-GW-002 05-Nov-17 14.5-14.5 N 0.325 0.146 0.471 0.301 0.0465 0.033 U 0.033 U 0.033 U 0.012 U 0.012 U 0.136 0.729 0.775 0.0067 U 0.012 U 0.012 U 0.012 U
MW02006 HOLMN02-GW-003 05-Nov-17 13.0-13.0 N 8.27 0.854 9.124 0.732 1.7 0.31 U 0.31 U 0.31 U 0.12 U 0.12 U 0.963 6.69 3.52 0.228 0.12 U 0.12 U 0.12 U
HOLMN03-EF-001 06-Nov-17 0-0 N 0.776 0.0738 0.8498 0.0896 0.118 0.033 U 0.033 U 0.033 U 0.012 U 0.012 U 0.0602 0.602 0.229 0.00648 J 0.012 U 0.012 U 0.012 U
EF03003 HOLMN-FD-EFF-
3 06-Nov-17 0-0 FD 0.721 0.0653 0.7863 0.0954 0.103 0.031 U 0.031 U 0.031 U 0.012 U 0.012 U 0.0514 0.541 0.224 0.00597 J 0.012 U 0.012 U 0.012 U
001
MW-3 HOLMN03-GW-001 05-Nov-17 14.0-14.0 N 0.048 0.0891 0.1371 0.286 0.0546 J 0.062 U 0.062 U 0.062 U 0.023 U 0.023 U 0.114 1.47 0.598 0.012 U 0.023 U 0.023 U 0.023 U
5 MW05001 HOLMN05-GW-001 06-Nov-17 27.5-27.5 N 1040 26.6 1066.6 27.7 115 40 U 40 U 40 U 15 U 15 U 10.1 J 264 96.7 8U 15 U 15 U 15 U

Notes:
Purple Shaded = Exceeds Health Advisory
Underlined results exceed the EPA RSL standard. PFOS+PFOA = Co-occurrence of PFOA and PFOS (PFOA + PFOS) in aqueous samples is reported using the following guidelines.
FD = Field Duplicate Sample 1. If both PFOA and PFOS are detected at or above the detection limit (DL), then the sum of PFOA+ PFOS is reported.
ft = Feet 2. If either PFOA or PFOS is detected at or above the DL and the other is below the DL, then PFOA + PFOS is reported as "NA" representing Not Applicable.
ID = Identification 3. If neither PFOA nor PFOS is detected at or above the DL, then PFOA + PFOS is reported as "ND" representing Not Detected.
J = The analyte was positively identified and the associated numerical value is the approximate concentration of the analyte in the sample.
N = Normal Field Sample
NA = Not applicable
U = The analyte was analyzed for, but was not detected above the reported limit of detection (LOD).
μg/L = micrograms per liter

PFAS analysis by Modified USEPA Method 537 using Liquid Chromatography and Tandem Mass Spectrometry
Health Advisory from USEPA Office of Water, 2016a and 2016b, Health Advisories (HAs) for drinking water.
¹USEPA Regional Screening Levels (November, 2017a) [https://semspub.epa.gov/work/HQ/197025.pdf]

Page 1 of 1 Report Date: 3/30/2018
Thispageintentionallyleftblank.
Table 3.1-4
Summary of Sediment Analytical Testing Results
Site Inspection of Aqueous Film Forming Foam (AFFF) Release Areas
Site Inspection Report, Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico

perfluorooctanesulfonamidoa

perfluorooctanesulfonamidoa

Perfluorohexanesulfonic acid
Perfluorobutanesulfonic acid
Perfluorooctanesulfonic acid

6:2 Fluorotelomer sulfonate

8:2 Fluorotelomer sulfonate

Perfluorotetradecanoic acid
Perfluorododecanoic acid

Perfluoroundecanoic acid
Perfluorotridecanoic acid
Perfluoroheptanoic acid
cetic acid (NMEFOSAA)

Perfluorononanoic acid
Perfluorohexanoic acid
Perfluorodecanoic acid
cetic acid (NETFOSAA)
Perfluorooctanoic acid

(PFTeDA)
N-Methyl

(PFTrDA)
(6:2 FTS)

(8:2 FTS)

(PFUnA)
(PFDoA)

(PFHpA)

(PFHxA)
(PFHxS)
(PFOA)

(PFNA)
(PFDA)
N-Ethyl
(PFOS)

(PFBS)

Analyte:

Screening Level: 0.126¹ 0.126¹ 130² NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Sample
AFFF Sample Sample
Location Sample ID Depth mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg
Area Date Type
(ft.)
2 SD/SW02007 HOLMN02-SD-001 04-Nov-17 0.0-0.5 N 0.0745 0.0034 U 0.0034 U 0.0122J 0.014 U 0.014 U 0.014U 0.0034 U 0.0034 U 0.0034U 0.00813 0.00287 J 0.0034U 0.0034 U 0.0034 U 0.0034 U
SD/SW03001 HOLMN03-SD-001 04-Nov-17 0.0-0.5 N 0.0368 0.0034 U 0.0034 U 0.014U 0.014 U 0.014 U 0.014U 0.0034 U 0.0034 U 0.0034U 0.0032 J 0.0034 U 0.0034U 0.0034 U 0.0034 U 0.0034 U
3
SD/SW03002 HOLMN03-SD-002 04-Nov-17 0.0-0.5 N 0.202 J 0.0084 UJ 0.0084 UJ 0.034UJ 0.034 U 0.034 UJ 0.034UJ 0.0084 U 0.0084 U 0.0084UJ 0.0199 J 0.0084 UJ 0.0084U 0.0084 UJ 0.0084 UJ 0.0084 U
SD/SW04001 HOLMN04-SD-001 04-Nov-17 0.0-0.5 N 0.185 J 0.00234 J 0.0025 UJ 0.01UJ 0.01 UJ 0.01 UJ 0.01UJ 0.00133 J 0.0025 UJ 0.0025UJ 0.0119 J 0.00206 J 0.00168J 0.0025 UJ 0.0025 UJ 0.0025 UJ
4 HOLMN04-SD-002 04-Nov-17 0.0-0.5 N 0.519 0.0173 J 0.00258 J 0.00669J 0.0087 UJ 0.0087 UJ 0.0087UJ 0.00221 J 0.0022 UJ 0.00664J 0.163 J 0.0136 J 0.00643J 0.0022 UJ 0.0022 UJ 0.0022 UJ
SD/SW04002
HOLMN-FD-SD-001 04-Nov-17 0.0-0.5 FD 0.507 0.0177 J 0.0034 J 0.00854J 0.0085 UJ 0.0085 UJ 0.0085UJ 0.00204 J 0.0021 UJ 0.00812J 0.172 J 0.0182 J 0.0062J 0.0021 UJ 0.0021 UJ 0.0021 UJ

Notes:
Purple Shaded = Exceeds Screening Level
FD = Field Duplicate Sample
ft = Feet
ID = Identification
J = The analyte was positively identified and the associated numerical value is the approximate concentration of the analyte in the sample.
N = Normal Field Sample
NA = Not applicable
U = The analyte was analyzed for, but was not detected above the reported limit of detection (LOD).
UJ = The reported quantitation limit is approximate and may or may not represent the actual limit of quantitation necessary to accurately and precisely measure the analyte in the sample.
mg/kg = milligrams per kilogram
PFAS analysis by Modified USEPA Method 537 using Liquid Chromatography and Tandem Mass Spectrometry
¹Screening levels calculated using the EPA Regional Screening Level calculator [https://epa-prgs.ornl.gov/cgi-bin/chemicals/csl_search]
²USEPA Regional Screening Levels (November, 2017a) [https://semspub.epa.gov/work/HQ/197027.pdf]
Report Date: 3/30/2018
Page 1 of 1
Thispageintentionallyleftblank.
Table 3.1-5
Summary of Surface Water Analytical Testing Results
Site Inspection of Aqueous Film Forming Foam (AFFF) Release Areas
Site Inspection Report, Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico

perfluorooctanesulfonamidoacetic acid

perfluorooctanesulfonamidoacetic acid

Perfluorotetradecanoic acid (PFTeDA)
Perfluorohexanesulfonic acid (PFHxS)
6:2 Fluorotelomer sulfonate (6:2 FTS)

8:2 Fluorotelomer sulfonate (8:2 FTS)
Perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS)

Perfluorobutanesulfonic acid (PFBS)

Perfluorotridecanoic acid (PFTrDA)

Perfluoroundecanoic acid (PFUnA)
Perfluorododecanoic acid (PFDoA)

Perfluoroheptanoic acid (PFHpA)

Perfluorohexanoic acid (PFHxA)

Perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA)
Perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA)
Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA)

(NMEFOSAA)
(NETFOSAA)
PFOS+PFOA

N-Methyl
N-Ethyl
Analyte:

Health Advisory: 0.07 0.07 0.07 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Sample
AFFF Sample Sample
Location Sample ID Depth μg/L μg/L μg/L μg/L μg/L μg/L μg/L μg/L μg/L μg/L μg/L μg/L μg/L μg/L μg/L μg/L μg/L
Area Date Type
(ft.)
2 SD/SW02007 HOLMN02-SW-001 04-Nov-17 0.0-0.5 N 2.25 0.941 3.191 0.716 5.34 0.33 U 0.33 U 0.33 U 0.12 U 0.12 U 0.881 3.87 3.16 0.0442 J 0.12 U 0.12 U 0.12 U
SD/SW03001 HOLMN03-SW-001 04-Nov-17 0.0-0.5 N 1.22 0.097 1.317 0.105 0.0513 J 0.067 U 0.067 U 0.067 U 0.025 U 0.025 U 0.0849 0.803 0.337 0.0106 J 0.025 U 0.025 U 0.025 U
3
SD/SW03002 HOLMN03-SW-002 04-Nov-17 0.0-0.5 N 0.878 0.117 0.995 0.156 0.067 U 0.067 U 0.067 U 0.067 U 0.025 U 0.025 U 0.13 1.2 0.539 J 0.011 J 0.025 UJ 0.025 U 0.025 U
SD/SW04001 HOLMN04-SW-001 04-Nov-17 0.0-0.5 N 0.951 0.0746 1.0256 0.0798 0.127 0.067 U 0.067 U 0.067 U 0.025 U 0.025 U 0.0542 0.585 0.229 0.013 U 0.025 U 0.025 U 0.025 U
4 HOLMN04-SW-002 04-Nov-17 0.0-0.5 N 2.45 0.31 2.76 0.239 0.455 0.33 U 0.33 U 0.33 U 0.12 U 0.12 U 0.286 2.74 0.979 0.0456 J 0.12 U 0.12 U 0.12 U
SD/SW04002
HOLMN-FD-WS-001 04-Nov-17 0.0-0.5 FD 2.81 0.378 3.188 0.262 0.522 0.33 U 0.33 U 0.33 U 0.12 U 0.12 U 0.332 3.08 1.15 0.0512 J 0.12 U 0.12 U 0.12 U

Notes:
FD = Field Duplicate Sample
ft = Feet
ID = Identification
J = The analyte was positively identified and the associated numerical value is the approximate concentration of the analyte in the sample.
N = Normal Field Sample
NA = Not applicable
U = The analyte was analyzed for, but was not detected above the reported limit of detection (LOD).
UJ = The reported quantitation limit is approximate and may or may not represent the actual limit of quantitation necessary to accurately and precisely measure the analyte in the sample.
μg/L = micrograms per liter
PFAS analysis by Modified USEPA Method 537 using Liquid Chromatography and Tandem Mass Spectrometry
Health Advisory from USEPA Office of Water, 2016a and 2016b, Health Advisories (HAs) for drinking water.

Page 1 of 1 Report Date: 2/1/2018
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Table4.0Ͳ1
ConceptualSiteModel:InstallationͲWideSummary
SiteInspectionofAqueousFilmFormingFoam(AFFF)ReleaseAreas
SiteInspectionReport,HollomanAFB,Alamogordo,NewMexico 

LandUseandExposure
FacilityProfile PhysicalProfile ReleaseProfile EcologicalProfile
Profile
InstallationDescription/History: Topography: ContaminantsofPotentialConcern: CurrentLandUse: PotentialEcological
x YearsofOperation:1942toPresent x HollomanAFBischaracterizedbyhightablelandswithrollingsummit x PFASarethecontaminantsofpotentialconcern x OccupiedbyHolloman Receptors:
x Size:Approximately59,800acres plains,cuestaͲformedmountainsdippingeastwardandwestͲfacing duringtheSI. AFB. x Inlandandaquaticplant
x Location:SouthwesternNewMexico,approximately6 escarpmentswiththewidebracketedbasinformingthebasinandrange x PetroleumͲrelatedcompoundsandchlorinated FutureLandUse: species,reptiles,birds,and
mileswestofcentralbusinessdistrictofAlamogordo, complex.TheAFBislocatedintheTularosaSubͲbasinthatispartofthe solventsarehistoricalsitecontaminants. x Landuseisnotexpected mammalsthatinhabitor
inOteroCounty,NewMexico. CentralClosedBasinsandsitsatameanelevationof4,093feetabovemean MediaofPotentialConcern: tochangeinthefuture. migratethroughoradjacent
x History:HollomanAFBwasactivatedin1942as sealevel(HollomanAFB,2014).ThebasinisboundbytheSanAndres x Soil,sediment,surfacewater,andgroundwater. PotentialReceptors: totheinstallation.
AlamogordoArmyAirFieldforoverseastraining.In MountainstothewestandSacramentoMountainstotheeast. ConfirmedAFFFReleases: x Potentialreceptors x Theseareasprovidehabitat
1945itwasrelievedofitstrainingmissionand Vegetation: x FormerFTA(FTͲ31):AFFFreleasedduringfire associatedwithcurrent forover73speciesof
assignedtoContinentalAirForcesasapermanent x NativevegetationwithindevelopedportionsofHollomanAFBconsists trainingexercisesconductedatthislocation.SI andfuturelanduse migratingandresident
installation.Shortlyafterin1946itwastemporarily primarilyofshrublandsdominatedbyfourͲwingsaltbrush,andgrasslands dataindicatedthatPFOS,PFOAandPFOS+PFOA includeUSAFpersonnel wetlandsbirds(49FW,2009)
inactivatedandwasusedmainlyasarefuelingstation dominatedbyalkalisacaton.Uplandsandlowlandswithinundeveloped weredetectedabovetheUSEPAdrinkingwaterHA andresidents,grounds ThreatenedandEndangered
foremergencylandings.AlamogordoAAFmerged areasaredominatedbynativevegetationincludingcreosotebush,and valuesingroundwater.Surfaceandsubsurfacesoils maintenanceworkers, Species:
withtheWhiteSandsProvingGroundin1947andwas sacatonandsaltgrass,respectively(LakeHollomanEA,2011). alsocontainPFOSandtoalesserextentPFOA utilityworkers, x Endangeredspeciesofbirds,
eventuallyreͲnamedin1948afterCol.George x VegetationwithintheAFBhaslargelybeenremovedovertimeduetosite aboveresidentialscreeninglimit(RSL). constructionworkers. mammalsandplantsthat
Holloman,anearlypioneerinrocketandpilotͲless constructionanddevelopment,andgeneralmilitaryactivity.Where x SewageLagoonAreaOutfall:Effluentcontaining x Recreationalusersof wereidentifiedinOtero
aircraftresearch(HollomanAFB,2014). vegetationhasbeenreplaced,ornamentalplants(bothnativeand AFFFfromWWTPdischargestothislocation.SI ApacheMesaGolfCourse Countyandmayexistat
x CurrentMission:HollomanAFBiscurrentlyhomeof introduced)andshadetreessuchasdesertwillow(Chilopsislinearis), dataindicatedthatPFOS,PFOAandPFOS+PFOA andLakeHolloman. HollomanAFBincludethe
the49thwingoftheACC,96thTestGroup,54th ocotillo(Fouquieriasplendens),yuccas(Yuccaspp.),pines(Pinusspp.),and weredetectedabovetheUSEPAdrinkingwaterHA  following:
FighterGroupandGermanAirForceFlyingTraining mulberry(Morussp.)havebeenestablished. valuesingroundwaterandsurfacewater.  x Baldeagle(Haliaeetus
Center.OperationsatHollomanAFBincludemissile SurfaceWater: x ApacheMesaGolfCourseOutfall:Wastewater leucocephalus)
testing,aircraftandpilottraining,operational x SurfacewaterwithinHollomanAFBiscapturedbyanunnamedstream fromWWTPcontainingAFFFstoredonͲsiteand x NorthernAplomadoFalcon
equipmentandsystemstesting,andaircraft flowingnortheasttosouthwest,eventuallydrainingtotheSewageLagoon usedasirrigationandpondwateratthislocation. (Falcofemoralis
maintenanceandstorage.Presentaircraftflownat AreaandLakeHollomanOutfalls. SIdataindicatedthatPFOS,PFOAandPFOS+PFOA septentrionalis)
HollomanincludetheTͲ38Talon,MQͲ1Predator,MQͲ x OthersurfacewaterbodiesincludetheSewageLagoonAreaandLake weredetectedabovetheUSEPAdrinkingwaterHA x MexicanSpottedOwl(Strix
9Reaper,QFͲ4Drone,andGermanAirForceTornado. Holloman. valuesineffluentwaterfromtheWWTP, occidentalislucida)
Theinstallationsupportsapproximately21,000Active x SinceHollomanAFBwasactivatedin1942,stormwaterrunoffhascollected groundwaterandsurfacewateratthislocation. x MountainPlover
Duty,GuardReserve,retirees,DoDciviliansandtheir intheSewageLagoonAreaandLakeHollomanwhereiteitherevaporates PFOSwasalsodetectedabovetheRSLinsediment (Charadriusmontanus)
familymembers(HollomanAFB,2014). orpercolatesintothesoil. ofoneofthegolfcourseponds. x BlackFootedFerret
 x Since1996,treatedeffluentfromtheWWTPhasdischargedintoPondG x LakeHollomanOutfall:AFFFreleasedfromWWTP (Mustelanigripes)
AFFFUse: andLakeHolloman. wastewatereffluent,whichdischargestolagoon x SacrementoMountains
x AFFFcontainingPFASwasusedforfirefightingtraining Soils: outfallandeventuallyflowstothislocation.SIdata Thistle(Cirsiumvinaceum)
activities,testingoffirefightingequipment,extinguishing x TherearetwoprimarysoilassociationsinthevicinityofHollomanAFB;the indicatedthatPFOS,PFOAandPFOS+PFOAwere x SacramentoPricklyPoppy
petroleumfires,andinfiresuppressionsystemsat HollomanͲGypsumlandͲYesumcomplex,andMeadsiltyclayloam(USDA, detectedabovetheUSEPAdrinkingwaterHA (Argemonepleiacanthassp.
severalhangarsandFTAs. 1981). valuesinsurfacewater,andPFOSwasdetected pinnatisecta)
x TheHollomanͲGypsumlandͲYesumcomplexconsistsofshallowanddeep,
x ThirtyͲonepotentialAFFFreleaseareaswereidentified abovetheUSEPARSLinsediment. x KuenzlerHedgehogCactus
duringthePAresearchbyHGLwiththefollowingfour wellͲdrainedsoilsandareasofexposedgypsum.Thesurfacelayerisa x EvaporationPondNo.2:Evaporationbasinand (Echinocereusfendlerivar.
potentialAFFFreleaseareasrecommendedinthePAfor relativelythinveneeroflightbrown,veryfinesandyloam,approximately3 surroundingareathatcontainsAFFFfromprevious kuenzleri)
inchesthick(HGL,2015).
SI: monthlyfoamtesting.SIdataindicatedthatPFOS x Todsen’sPennyroyal
x FTͲ31(FormerFTA). x TheMeadseriesislocatedacrossthemaindrainageareaatHollomanAFB. andPFOAweredetectedabovetheRSLinsoil,and (Hedeomatodsenii)
x SewageLagoonAreaOutfall. TheMeadsiltyclayloam,isadeep,poorlydrainedsoilformedinfine PFOS,PFOAandPFOS+PFOAweredetectedabove 
x LakeHollomanOutfall. texturedalluviumoverlacustrinelakesediment(USDA,1981). theUSEPAdrinkingwaterHAvaluesin
x ApacheMesaGolfCourseOutfall. Geology: groundwater.
x HollomanAFBislocatedwithintheSacramentoMountainsPhysiographic 
 ProvinceonthewesternedgeoftheSacramentoMountains(HGL,2015). 
LandUseandExposure
FacilityProfile PhysicalProfile ReleaseProfile EcologicalProfile
Profile
x EvaporationPondNo.2.wasidentifiedasapotential x Theregionischaracterizedbyhightablelandswithrollingsummitplains, PrimaryReleasePathways:
AFFFreleaserequiringSIactivitiesbasedoninformation cuestaͲformedmountainsdippingeastwardandwestͲfacingescarpments x ReleaseorapplicationofAFFFtothegroundat
collectedduringthescopingvisitconductedon27 withthewidebracketedbasinformingthebasinandrangecomplex. potentialsourceareas.
October2016. x HollomanAFBislocatedintheTularosaSubͲbasinthatispartoftheCentral x InfiltrationofPFASdeeperintothesoilcolumnover
x AtotaloffivepotentialAFFFreleaseareaswere ClosedBasins.ThebasinisboundbytheSanAndresMountainstothewest timereachinggroundwater.
evaluatedduringSIactivities. andSacramentoMountainstotheeast(NVB,2009). x AFFFwashedintodrainageandstormwater 
x TheTularosaBasinisabolson,orabasinthathasnosurfacedrainage systems.
outlet.ThebolsonfillintheTularosaBasinisderivedfromtheerosionof x EffluentcontainingAFFFstoredinevaporation
limestone,dolomite,andgypsuminthesurroundingmountains,with pondsandformersewagelagoons.
coarsermaterialdepositedattheinstallationofthemountainsandfiner x EffluentdischargedfromWWTPtoPondGandLake
materialcarriedtothebasininterior(FWEC,1995). Holloman.
x Thenearsurfacebolsondepositsconsistofsedimentsthatareofalluvial, SecondaryReleasePathways:
eolian,lacustrine,orplayaorigin.Thealluvialfandepositsare x GolfcourseirrigationwaterfromtheWWTP
characteristicallyinterbeddedsand,siltandclay.Theeoliandeposits x GolfcoursepondwaterfromtheWWTP
consistprimarilyofgypsumsandandthelacustrine/playadepositsconsist
ofclaycontaininggypsumcrystals(FWEC,1995).Thelacustrinedeposits
arejuxtaposedwithalluvialfanandeoliandepositsthroughoutthe
installation(Radian,1992).
x Differentareasoftheinstallationhaveincludedstiffcalichelayersof
varyingthickness(NVB,2009)
Hydrogeology:
x Groundwateroccursasanunconfinedaquiferintheunconsolidated
depositsofthecentralbasin(HGL,2015).
x Theprimarysourceofgroundwaterrechargeisrainfallpercolationand
minoramountsofstreamrunoffalongthewesternSacramentoMountains.
x SincetheTularosaBasinisaclosedsystem,wateronlyleavesthearea
throughevaporationorpercolation.Theelevatedamountofpercolation
resultsinahighwatertablewithgroundwaterlevelsrangingfrom5to50ft
bgs(NVB,2009).GroundwaterlevelsduringtheSIsoilboringand
monitoringwellinstallationprogramrangedfrom4029.20feetamslto
4105.74feetamsl.
x Groundwaterflowattheinstallationisgenerallytowardthesouthwest.
Groundwaterflowisaffectedbylocaltopographyinareasimmediately
adjacenttoarroyos,wheregroundwaterflowsdirectlytowardthe
drainagesregardlessofregionalflowpattern(NVB,2009).
x GroundwateratHollomanAFBgenerallyhasatotaldissolvedsolids
concentrationgreaterthan10,000mg/LthatexceedtheNewMexico
WaterQualityControlCommissionlimitsforpotablewater.Groundwater
beneathHollomanAFBhasthereforebeendesignatedunfitforhuman
consumption(HGL,2015).
Meteorology:
x Averageannualprecipitationrangesfrom8to11inches/yearinthebasin
andfrom12to18inches/yearathigherelevations(USDA,1981)
x Averagenumberofdayswithmeasurablerainfallis47days
x Averagehightemperatureof94.5degreesFahrenheit(°F)occursinJune
andaveragelowtemperatureof29.2°FoccursinJanuary.
Table4.2Ͳ1
OffͲBaseWellSummary(DowngradientWells)
SiteInspectionofAqueousFilmFormingFoam(AFFF)ReleaseAreas
SiteInspectionReport,HollomanAFB,Alamogordo,NewMexico

Map Total First
NMOSEPOD UTMEasting UTMNorthing Construction
Reference WellID Owner OwnerAddress Use Depth Water
ReferenceID (Zone13North) (Zone13North) Date
Number1 (feetbgs) (feetbgs)

1 02758 91141 394077.00 3630020.00 CEMEXElPaso,Inc. #1McKelligonRoad Commercial 140 ͲͲ 9/25/1995
2 04976 213937 390430.00 3627827.00 WhiteSandsNationalMonument 19955Highway70 Monitoring 25 13 1/12/2006
3 04978 213951 390418.00 3627202.00 WhiteSandsNationalMonument 19955Highway70 Monitoring 23 13 1/12/2006
4 04979 213953 390418.00 3627202.00 WhiteSandsNationalMonument 19955Highway70 Monitoring 23 13 1/12/2006
5 05502 240582 392720.60 3626916.50 WhiteSandsNationalMonument POBox1086 Monitoring 30 ͲͲ NotListed
6 00224 154638 398444.00 3628161.00 WhiteSandsRanchInc. POBox637 Livestock 200 ͲͲ 8/31/1935
7 02808 162103 392773.00 3623881.00 WhiteSandsRanchInc. POBox637 Livestock ͲͲ ͲͲ NotListed
8 00226 154644 395403.00 3625099.00 WhiteSandsRanchInc. POBox637 Irrigation 800 ͲͲ 12/31/1970
9 00227 154645 395403.00 3625099.00 WhiteSandsRanchInc. POBox637 Livestock 400 ͲͲ 12/31/1970
10 00228 154649 398424.00 3626099.00 WhiteSandsRanchInc. POBox637 Livestock 52 40 12/31/1936
11 00228 154650 398424.00 3626099.00 WhiteSandsRanchInc. POBox637 Livestock 52 40 12/31/1937

Notes:
Wellsidentifiedincludeonlythosewellslocateddowngradientofgroundwaterreleaseareaswithin4milesoftheHollomanAFBinstallationboundary.
1
MapReferenceNumberpertainstoreferencenumbersshownonFigure4.2Ͳ1ofthisSIR
NMOSE=NewMexicoOfficeofStateEngineer
POD=PointofDiversion
WaterwelldataavailablefromtheNewMexicoWaterRightsReportingSystem(NMWRRS)online(http://nmwrrs.ose.state.nm.us/index.html);accessedFebruary2018

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