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Essay Outline: Critical Analysis of Education Systems in Pakistan (By:

Mureed Hussain CSP)

Essay Outline for CSS Exams

Title: Critical Analysis of Education Systems in Pakistan


1. Introduction:
a. Essential for prosperity and stability
b. Make vision
c. Infuse objectivity
d. Establish national integration

2. Multidimensional Education Systems in Pakistan


(Government, Private and Madarsaas)
3. Private Education Systems:
a. Strengths
i. Higher Student to Faculty Ratio
ii. Higher Salary Attracts more Competent Educators
iii. Higher Collaboration with Private Corporations
iv. Flexible and Expansive Work Hours
v. More Competition Amongst Private Institutions
vi. More focus on extra-curricular activities
vii. Higher Quality of Research
b. Weaknesses
i. Range of students that can benefit is low
ii. Varying Examination systems : Ed-excel , Cambridge , London Board
iii. Paucity of institutes in rural areas

4. Public Education Systems:


a. Strengths
i. Responsibility of government under constitution
ii. Schools even in rural areas
iii. Affordable education
iv. More need based scholarships
b. Weaknesses
i. Apathetical role of government
ii. Burgeoning population results in
iii. Lack of resources
iv. Ineffective educational infrastructure
v. Variations in Curriculum
vi. Examination system non reliable

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Essay Outline: Critical Analysis of Education Systems in Pakistan (By:
Mureed Hussain CSP)

5. Madrassa System:
a. Strengths
i. Numerous institutes spread across the country
ii. Free education
iii. Provision of food as well as accommodation
iv. Religious learning
b. Weaknesses
i. No regulation of curriculum
ii. Basic level education with a narrow focus
iii. Different Madrassas propagate different ideologies
iv. Deprived from modern education
v. No defined career path

6. Suggestions to Reform Education System in Pakistan:


a. Uniform system of examination
b. Setting a minimum salary standard for teachers
c. Setting a Limit on Fees the Private Institutes can charge
d. Strengthening education councils
e. Registering Madrassas
f. Modern Education system for madrassa students

7. Conclusion

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