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Achilles: dipped in the river Styx for immortality • Neglected to dip heel- got shot there and died Actaeon: a great hunter, punished by Artemis • Saw Artemis naked in bath, got turned into stag, ripped apart by his own hounds • (OR) boasted he was a better hunter than Artemis, was punished for hubris • Son of Aristaeus + Autonoe • Raised by the centaur Chiron Aegeus: father of Theseus Aegisthus: King of Mycenae • Son of Thyestes + Pelopia • Enticed by uncle Atreus to kill dad, instead killed uncle • Seduced Clytemnestra, wife of Agamemnon, drowned Aga in bath upon his return Aeneas: Trojan hero • Agamemnon: king either of Mycenae or of Argo • commander of the Achaeans in the ensuing Trojan War • murdered by his wife Clytemnestra. • Sacrificed daughter Iphigeneia so gods would create winds for ship Ajax- strong but stupid warrior • Carried Achilles’ dead body • Swore to kill Agamemmon • Struck by Athena with madness • Committed suicide Amazons: Warlike race of women fought with various heroes (Heracles, Theseus, Achilles) • Hostile towards men, had sex with them once a year • Raised only girls • Cut off right breasts (draw bows) Andromache Andromeda- translated to heavens as star • Supposed to be sacrificed to sea monster • Rescued by Perseus • Daughter of Cepheus + Cassiopeia Aphrodite (Venus)- Greek goddess of love/beauty • Emerged from sea • Zeus + Dione, wife of Hephaestus Antigone • daughter of the accidentally incestuous marriage between King Oedipus of Thebes and his mother Jocasta Apollo (Phoebus)- god of sun, healing
rewarded by Hera by having eyes placed on peacock’s tail • Guarded nymph Io (Zeus’s affair) • Hermes killed Argus Ariadne. won • turned into spider by Athena • weave and spin forever Ares (Mars). Forests and Hills." Aurora. Goddesses of fate and destiny • the oldest of the Three Fates • known as the "inflexible" or "inevitable.one of the three Moirae. Orion. abandoned because girl • super duper hunter • shot people trying to rape her • whoever beat her in foot race = husband • Melanion asked Aphrodite for help • Golden apples. Atalanta lost time picking up • Melanion forgot sacrifice to Aphrodite.100 eyed giant. wolf. violence.condemned by Zeus to stand at the western edge of Gaia.• chariot that pulled sun across sky (sunrise/set) Arachne.princess of Crete • helped Thesus defeat minosaur • kidnapped by Dionysus to be wife Artemis (Diana)." • ended the life of each mortal by cutting their thread with her "abhorred shears. lay with Atalanta in Zeus’s shrine and was turned into lions Atlantis. Adonis. the Moon • daughter of Zeus and Leto. Niobe Atalanta. • often was depicted as a huntress carrying a bow and arrows • see: Actaeon. the Earth and hold up Ouranos. Callisto.arrogant mortal.that one lost island that sank into sea Atlas. bloodlust.Goddess of Dawn • husband Tithonus • asked Zeus for Tithonus’s immortality. symbolized by vulture.threw while running. good at weaving • challenged Athena to spinning contest. but forgot to ask for eternal youth as well • Had lots of kids with many lovers • Announced arrival of/accompanied Helios on his journey .God of war. spear • Argonauts. and the twin sister of Apollo.lone woman in quest for Golden Fleece • raised by bear.Goddess of the Hunt. the Sky on his shoulders to prevent the two from resuming their primordial embrace • symbol of strength or stoic endurance • a name for collections of terrestrial maps and the modern understanding of the earth as a sphere Atropos. leadership of Jason • Bringing golden fleece out of Aia • many Greeks proclaim their ancestors to be Argonauts Argus.40 to 55 Greeks who sailed on the ship Argo • Lolcus to Cochis.
half horse • Known for fighting. wisdom Cerberus. killed husbands at her command Daphne.nymph of Artemis. fertility. Ursa Major • Swore to remain virginal • Zeus seduced her • Turned her and baby into Big/Lil Bear Calypso. mother of Perseus Danaids.princess of Argo. but had to let him go Cassandra. the inspirer of ritual madness and ecstasy Echo.founder/queen of Cathrage. see: Narcissus Electra Elysian Fields. guards entrance to hell Charon.nymph chased by Apollo • turned to laurel Delphi. lustiness. killed him • Had affair with Agamemmon’s cousin • Killed by her son eventually Creon.ruler of Thebes Cyclops.king of Corinth and Eurymede • tamed the winged horse Pegasus • slew the fire-breathing monster Chimera Callisto. fall=she leaves • daughter = Persephone Dido. turned Odysseus’s men to swine Clytemnestra. marriage ish • bringer of seasons • spring= Persephone returns. fertility.goddess of grain. built Labrynth • Also built wooden cow for queen so she could mate w/bull • Eventually was also imprisoned in Labrythn.nymph.prophetess who would never be believed • Prophecy granted by Apollo as marriage gift.loved Odysseus.inventor.God of Love • Arrows make people fall in love .boatman on Styx who carried souls to hell Charybdis.sorceress.paradise Eros (Cupid).Gemini twins Centaurs. earth. curse of not-believing because she didn’t want him • Predicted fall of Troy • Raped by Ajax (art) Castor and Pollux.daughters of Danaus.wife of Agamemmon.god of wine.three-headed watchdog. agriculture. blinded by Odysseus Daedalus.where the Oracle of Delphi lived Demeter (Ceres). escaped w/wings Danae. stabbed herself when Aeneas left her Dionysus (Bacchus).whirlpool monster Chimaera-monster with parts of diff animals Circe.Bellerophon.half man.one eyed giants • Polyphemus.
Euralye (immortal) .goddess of rainbow .sacrificed by dad so his ships would have wind Iris. nature. guarded Lake Lerna (entrance to hell) • killed by Hercules as one of his Twelve Labors Icarus. sun melted wax • Fell to his death Iphigenia.he blew Apollo's discus off course • Apollo turned hyacinth into flower.12 labors.serpent with 9 heads.boy loved by Apollo and Zephyr (West Wind) • Ran to catch Apollo’s discus to impress him • Struck by discus and died • Zephyrus’s fault. a blacksmith • Only deformed God • Rejected son of Zeus+Hera Hercules.goddess of hearth Hyacinth.god of physicians and thieves • Messenger ofGods Hestia (Vesta).goddesses of charm.God of fire. Euphrosyne (mirth) and Thalia (Good cheer) • River Cephissus was sacred to them Hades (Pluto). human creativity and fertility • Agalea (Beauty). amazingly strong • Mortal son of Zeus Hermes (Mercury).pretty girl who had kids with Zeus • Zeus disguised himself as white bull • Europa rode on him to Crete • Bull became Taurus • daughter of King Agenon Eurydice.3 sisters with serpent hair • Stethno.wife of Orpheus Furies.girl creatures representing anger of the dead Galatea Gorgons. beauty. wings of gold Graces (3). petals from his tears Hydra.• Cast nobody-will-love-you spell on Psyche because Aphrodite (his mom) was jealous • Accidentally cast spell on himself too • Married Psyche Eteocles Europa.God of the Underworld and Riches Harpies Hecate Hector Hecuba Helen Hephaestus (Vulcan).son of (see: ) Daedalus • Escaped from labryinth with wings of wax • Daedalus warned him not to fly too high • Flew too high. Medusa • Brazen claws.
and philosophers • often seen near wells/springs • worshipped Apollo as leader.friend of Odyssesus Midas.changed to stone but wept for dead kids Odysseus (Ulysses): legendary Greek king of Ithaca and the hero of The Odyssey Oedipus • Abandoned at birth • Prophecy that he would kill dad and marry mom • Solved riddle of Sphinx • Eventually had 3 kids w/mom • Blinded self and went into exile Olympus-mountain where gods live Orestes.found Odyssesus when he got shipwrecked Nemesis.King of Crete Minotaur. Clio.killed Clymestra.Ixion. Euterpe.mortal loved by Zeus in form of swan Lethe River.brought back the Golden Fleece Jocasta-mother/wife of Oedipus Laocoon-prince. sang often of Zeus’s greatness • Calliope.sorceress. Melpomene.god of gates/doors.goddess of vengeance Niobe.monster with body of a man and bull head • King of Minos kept bull meant for sacrifice • Gods punished him by making his wife fall in love with bull and have Minotaur • King had Daedalus construct an intricate labyrinth to hide monster • forced the Athenians to send as tribute seven youths and maidens every nine years to feed monster • Killed by Thesus Morpheus. Erato. Polyhymnia. symbolized by 2 faces Jason. pursued by Furies until he was purified by Apollo Orion. warned against Trojan horse Leda. Terpsichore.everything he touched turned to gold Minos. painter.hunter.king who made love to Hera • Punished by being bound to endlessly spinning wheel Janus. killed by Artemis.king of Sparta Mentor. the god of sleep Muses (9). .river of Underworld Medea. constellation Orpheus.God of dreams (shaped/configure them) • Lived in dark cave. Thalia.Goddesses of development of arts/science • great inspirations to all sculptors. often seen in poppy field • son of Hypnos.monster Menelaus. flower grew in his place Nausicaa. and Urania Narcissus-the guy who was so hot he couldn’t stop looking at himself and then died because he loved his reflection too much.musician. helped Jason Medusa.
causes Trojan War • forced to award golden apple to Aphrodite/Hera/Athena • Apple to Aphrodite who rewards him with love of the prettiest girl ever Parnassus.king of Cyprus • Carved ivory statues of girl • Aphrodite gave life.son of Odysesseus Theseus.punished to stand chin-deep in lake with fruit branches.wife of Odysseus. waited for him Persephone. has a trident Priam. changed shapes Psyche.goddess of emotion • Very beautiful.slew Minotaur.god of the sea.created man from clay. killed those who couldn’t answer Stentor. and shepherds • half man and half goat • plays pipes Pandora.sea god.marries Helen.monster in cave near Charbydis Sirens.herald in Trojan War. flocks.home of the Muses Pegasus.wealthy man who cheated others/gods • Punished to push heavy boulder up a hill • Boulder would roll back down right before it reached top Sphinx.monster who told riddles. became Galatea Pyramus.see: Thisbe Scylla. married Andromeda Polyneices. stole fire from Zeus and gave to people • Chained to rock and had liver eaten daily • Eventually saved by Hercules Proteus. deserted Ariadne Thetis. had box containing ills • sent to Earth as punishment for Promethesus’ stealing fire • hope at bottom of the box Paris.leader of Nereids . couldn’t eat or drink though Telemachus.lured sailors to death with singing Sisyphus.he and brother Etocles killed each other for throne Poseidon (Neptune).slew Medusa. hid his identity by only visiting her at night • Eventually she snuck in light.god of forests. found him out Pygmalion. 50-man volume Styx River.Pallas Athena (Minerva) Pan.river dividing land of living and hell Tantalus.winged horse from the body of Medusa Penelope.king of Troy Prometheus.first mortal woman. Venus was jealous • Cupid loved her.tricked into marrying Hades • Allowed to return for 6 months per year • Ate 6 pomegranate seeds • Perseus.
kills himself • Thisbe kills herself upon finding his body Tiresias. • God didn’t like how people=corrupt • Agreement with Noah (nice guy) . son of Poseidon Zeus. and marks him as a warning to others. conversed through hole in wall • Arranged to meet at tomb of Ninus • Thisbe’s garment soiled by lion’s kill’s blood • Pyramus thinks she’s dead. and thus were rejected. Cain and Abel • First and second sons of Adam and Eve • Cain’s offerings to God were not his best. father of gods . name= “shining” • Hurls lightning/thunderbolts AP Junior English: Allusions to Know The Bible Old Testament Adam and Eve -Garden of Eden: their home -fig leaf: they make clothes from this -apple: fruit from the tree of Wisdom -serpent: tempts Eve to eat the apple -curse: pain in childbirth and death • Adam= image of God • God not to eat from tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil.• Cared for Hepheastus when he was exiled • Mother of Achilles Thisbe. -the rainbow: “put aside” by God. Abel’s were not • Cain murders Abel -the mark of Cain: God curses Cain so he can no longer cultivate crops.turned male/female depending on serpent that he killed • Hera/Zeus had argument about which gender had more fun • Tiresias agreed with Zeus (women had more fun) • Hera blinded him. Noah and the Flood -the dove: brings back a fresh olive leaf. men • Indo-European root. “Romeo+Juliet-y” • Forbidden marriage. Zeus gave him prophecy and long life Triton. and then the next time it doesn’t return.god of Sea ish.lover of Pyramus.king of Gods. Symbolizes hope. promise that such a flood would never be let loose on the world again.
dad’s boy. mama’s boy -mess of potage: Esau sold birthright (first-born title) for soup • (Later) Issac was blind. twins would fight • Esau =hunter. • Lot’s wife turned.owned different lands (Lot=Sodom and Gomorrah) • God later destroyed those areas. wanted to bless Esau as firstborn but tricked into blessing Jacob -ladder: Jacbob’s vision of a ladder or reaching into heaven with angels representing nations rising and falling Rachel and Leah • Sisters. escapes from death like this . older. younger • Jacob loved Rachel. • Split ways. ancestor of Muhammad the prophet Lot and his Wife • Lot= Abraham’s nephew • Accompanied his uncle to Egypt and later to Canaan. loved her more Joseph -coat of many colors: symbolized him as family leader -sold into Egypt: sold as slave by jealous brother Judas -Potiphar’s wife: Polpitar buys Joseph as slave and makes him head of house. foretold that seven years of abundance would be followed by seven years of famine Moses-authorship of Bible -bulrushes: Moses is set adrift on a river in a basket made of these. lied about relationship • Offered to God as sacrifice • Didn’t get sacrificed from God’s will Jacob and Esau • Twin sons of Issac+ Rebecca • Birth prophecy. wife is mad at seduction fail and accuses him of rape -Pharoah’s dream: Joseph is better at interpreting dreams than Pharoaoh’s magicians. and of Babylon (Babel) Abraham: traveled to the Land of Canaan at the command of God -Sarah: barren wife.Tower of Babel: Enormous tower in Babylon • full of different languages/cultures • Constructed to be dedicated to the glory of man. Jacob= simple man. Rachel. offered Lot and his family protection only if they promised not to look back.Leah. eventually was jealous of Hagar and Ishmael -Hagar: wife’s servant -Ishmael: husband and Hagar’s kid. of their languages. a dweller in tents. became salt pillar -Sodom and Gomorrah Isaac and Rebecca • Issac= “laughter” • Married Rebecca. worked 7 years for her • Shady dad (Laban) switched Leah as bride • Jacob worked 7 more years for Rachel. to get to heaven • theme of competition between the Lord and humans • God made them speak diff languages so couldn’t understand • explains the origin of nations.
instead fleeing on a ship to Tarshish. adores David -Bathsheba. in this form he tells Moses to lead Hebrews into Canaan -Aaron’s rod -Passover -bricks without straw -crossing the Red Sea -Ten Commandments Joshua Samson.-burning bush: form of God. the woman that screamed was the mom Ahab and Jezebel. • Means a person or thing who brings bad luck.danced for Herod and was rewarded with the head of John on a silver platter .king of Hebrews.strong because he never cut his hair • Mistress Delilah was from enemy tribe • She cut off his hair while he slept • Philistines captured/blinded him • Later found enough strength to pull down pillars of temple that everyone was in. very wise very wise • 2 women claimed same baby was theirs. relative of Naomi Saul.king and queen • Jezebel subjects people to tyranny • She keeps ruling through her sons after Ahab’s death • Eventually Jezebel is tossed out the window and eaten by dogs Elijah Job.Saul’s son.baptized Jesus -Herod captured John for being a follower of Jesus -Salome. then murders her husband and marries her -Absalom: his son. and is killed Solomon.first king of Israelian monarchy David -Goliath. monster who gets killed -Jonathon.lots of patience Jonah • a prophet who defied God's command to deliver a warning to the city of Nineveh. Isaiah Jeremiah Daniel -writing on the wall -lion’s den New Testament John the Baptist.married woman with which David sleeps with. rebels against him. even though it mean he’d die too Ruth and Naomi.mother/daughter in law • After Ruth’s husband dies she is loyal to Naomi • Ruth marries Boaz. he orded it cut in half.
" [I] came into the world .where Jesus and his disciples prayed the night before his crucifixtion • Told disciples to stay awake but they kept sleeping • commonly visited which allowed Judas to find Jesus on the night of his arrest Pontius Pilate: a judge at Jesus' trial. listen to [my] voice" -washing his hands: corpse reemerges from the waters and wash its hands.last meal Jesus shared with his Twelve Apostles and disciples before his death -bread and wine: represents rememberance of Jesus’s body and blood • Jesus announced Judas would betray him during meal • Intro to Eucharist Garden of Gethsemane.. Barabbas. into your hands I commit my spirit.000 Whited sepulcher. “skilled with the javelin” -what is truth: Pilates replies after Jesus describes his mission. an act of betrayal (identified Jesus to soldiers by giving him a kiss) -30 pieces of silver: blood money.prisoner released instead of Jesus • violent guy who killed a Roman soldier Calvary. paid for a bad deed -hanged. Father. Judas -kiss: kiss of death.Nativity -Mary and Joseph -shepherds -wise men -Bethlehem Marriage in Cana Beatitudes -Sermon on the Mount Walking on water Miracles Mary -Martha -Lazarus -Bethany Prodigal Son Feeding of the 5. to bear witness to the truth. authorized his crucifixion.killed self cause he felt bad Last Supper.” Joseph of Arimathea Mary Magdalene. and all who are on the side of truth.evil person who pretends to be good Parable of the talents Good Samaritan: parable to "Love thy neighbor as yourself". • governor of Roman province. “favorite” disciple • prostitute who came to hear Jesus preach .symbol of absolute repentance by God..where he was crucified -Golgotha -Christ’s Last Words: “It is finished.
• "Let he among you who is without sin cast the first stone." • Went to anoint Jesus’s body and found it gone • Angel told of resurrection.first road Jesus seen walking on after resurrection Doubting Thomas.first pope of Christian church • “In the name of Jesus get up and walk” • Name means rock.holiday celebrating Holy Spirit Stephen. Jesus appeared to him and he converted .first Christian martyr Saul / Paul. figurative foundation Pentecost. didn’t believe resurrection • Jesus appeared in front of him • Thomas wept and believed forever Peter.held the coats of those who stoned Stephen. Jesus appears to her Road to Emmaus.disciple.