. NURSING Theories TERMINOLOGIES $ Theory- a set of related statements that describes,4 explains phenomena in a systematic way.

$ Concept-a mental idea of a phenomenon. $ Construct- a phenomena that cannot be observed arid must be inferred. $ Proposition- a statement of relationship between concepts. $ Conceptual model- made up of concepts and propositions. Theories are a set of interrelated concepts that give a systematic view of a phenomenon (an observable fact or event) that is explanatory & predictive in nature. They are composed of concepts, definitions, models, propositions & are based on assurnptions. A theory makes it possible to organize the relationship among the concepts to describe, explain, predict, and control practice A nursing theories is a set of concepts, definitions, relationships, and assumptions or propositions derived from nursing models or from other disciplines and project a purposive, systematic view of phenomena by designing specific inter-relationships among concepts for the purposes of describing, explaining, predicting, and prescribing.

Characteristics of theory- Theories are - interrelating concepts in such a as to create a different ay of lookiugata_ärticu1ar phenomenon.

. used by the practitioners to guide and improve their practice.It should provide the foundations of nursing Patrice. help to generate further knowledge and indicate in which direction nursing should develop in future (Brown 1964 theory is important because it helps us to decide what we know and what we need to know(Parsons1949). . and principles but will leave open unanswered questions that need to be investigated.. increasing the general of knowledge within the discipline through the research implemented to validate them. .consistent with other validated files.generalizable. . . . . $ . 4 .bases for hypotheses that can be tested.logical in nature.It helps to distinguish what should form the basis of practice by explicitly describing nursing. predict and explain the phenomenon of nursing (Chinn and Jacobs I978). . Importance of Nursing theories Nursing theory aims to describe. $ $ $ .

. " " . . ) ' 1949 . ( $ . ----.( -- . ) I978 . ) . .( --' -1964 ) . -- . . . -- ' . .

caring cannot measured. professional status for nurses. Common concepts in Nursing theories Four concepts common in nursing theory that influence & determine nursing practice are: The person (patient). often uniquely. regardless of definition or theory. functions) Each of these concepts is usually defined & described by a nursing theorist. although these concepts or common to all nursing theories. roles. . improved communication between nurses. Of the four concepts the most important is that of the person. The environment Health Nursing (goals.The benefits of having a defined body of theory in nursing include better patient care. it is vital to This can be seen as an attempt by the nursing profession to maintain Its professional boundaries. and guidance for research and education (Nolan 1996). The main exponent of nursing have the theory to analyze and explain What nurses do. The focus of nursing. enhanced .. is the person.

First nursing theorist: Unsanitary conditions posed health hazard (Notes on Nursing.External influences can prevent. 1859) components of environment: ventilation. suppress or contribute to diseases and death Nightingale s concept: .Some of the Nursing Theorists are: a) Florence Nightingale b) Hildegard Peplau c) Virginia Henderson d) Fay Abdella e) Ida Jean Orlando f) Dorothy Johnson g) Martha Rogers h) Dorothea Orem i) Imogene King j) Betty Neuman k)Sister Calista Roy I) Jean Watson m) Patricia Benner a) Florence Nightingale Environmental Theory . warmth. light. noise . effluvia.

Foundation of theory.( ) ) -- -.(1996 --. physical. . .-.Person V . : ( . ) ( Peplau . .Has reparative powers Environment .( . psychological. : .Patient who is acted on by nurse Affected by environment . and social . Inc1uded everything.

----- .( ( ( ) ( ( Imogene ( ( ( ( ( ( ) : (1859 : : ---.

Health.Provided fresh air. . a developing organism who tries to reduce anxiety caused by needs Lives in instable equilibrium Environment. good diet.patient has a felt need Pepalu s concept Person .Applies principles of human relations . cleanliness.An individual. warmth.not define .Maintaining well-being by using a person s powers .Maintained by control of environment Nursing . quiet to facilitate person s reparative process b) Hildegard Peplau Interpersonal Relations Model -Based on psychodynamic nursing behavior to help others identify their difficulties .

therapeutic.-Involves. problem.Maintain body temperature within normal range by adjusting clothing and modifying environment .Health: implies movement of the personality and human processes toward creative. And to do this in such a way as to help him gain independence as rapidly as possible. get inside the skin of each of her patients in order to know what he needs . Eliminate -move and maintain desirable postures. Identified 14 basic human needs on which nursing care is based. She must in a sense. -Eat and drink adequately.solving c) Virginia Henderson s Need Theory Derived a definition of nursing The unique function of is to assist the individual. interpersonal and human process that functions cooperatively with others to make health possible . or bowlegs. . Sleep and rest clothes-dress and undress. . They are: Breathe normally. sick or well in the performance of those activities c its recovery (or to peaceful death) that he would perform unaided if he had necessary . personal and community living Nursing: A significant. I will. Constructive. productive.

.Communicate with others in expressing emotions.Avoid dangers in the environment and avoid injuring others.-( . ---( Peplau psychodynamic --Pepalu --- : : . needs.Keep the body clean and well groomed and protect the integument . fears. ‡ . or opinions.

. . -14 . : . . . .. --- . .) ( bowlegs . .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.