CCNAS_Chapter_1 | Computer Virus | Computer Network

CCNAS Chapter 1 - CCNA Security: Implementing Network Security (Version 1.0.0.

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Below you will find the assessment items as presented on the exam as well as the scoring rules associated with the item.

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1

A disgruntled employee is using Wireshark to discover administrative Telnet usernames and passwords. What type of network attack does this describe? Denial of Service port redirection reconnaissance trust exploitation

Scoring Rule For: correctness of response 2 points for Option 3 0 points for any other option Max Value = 2

2

Which two are characteristics of DoS attacks? (Choose two.) They always precede access attacks. They attempt to compromise the availability of a network, host, or application. They are difficult to conduct and are initiated only by very skilled attackers. They are commonly launched with a tool called L0phtCrack. Examples include smurf attacks and ping of death attacks.

Scoring Rule For: correctness of response Option 2 and Option 5 are correct. 1 point for each correct option. 0 points if more options are selected than required. Max Value = 2

3

Which two statements describe access attacks? (Choose two.) Port redirection attacks use a network adapter card in promiscuous mode to capture all network packets that are sent across a LAN. Password attacks can be implemented using brute-force attack methods, Trojan Horses, or packet sniffers. Buffer overflow attacks write data beyond the allocated buffer memory to overwrite valid data or exploit systems to execute malicious code. Port scanning attacks scan a range of TCP or UDP port numbers on a host to detect listening services.

Trust exploitation attacks can use a laptop acting as a rogue access point to capture and copy all network traffic in a public location on a wireless hots

Scoring Rule For: correctness of response Option 2 and Option 3 are correct. 1 point for each correct option. 0 points if more options are selected than required. Max Value = 2

4

Which two statements are characteristics of a virus? (Choose two.)

and patching the vulnerability that the worm used to exploit the system? containment inoculation quarantine treatment Scoring Rule For: correctness of response 2 points for Option 4 0 points for any other option Max Value = 2 6 What is a characteristic of a Trojan Horse? A Trojan Horse can be carried in a virus or worm. and a payload. 0 points if more options are selected than required. such as passwords. Max Value = 2 5 Which phase of worm mitigation involves terminating the worm process. 1 point for each correct option. Scoring Rule For: correctness of response 2 points for Option 1 0 points for any other option Max Value = 2 7 Which phase of worm mitigation requires compartmentalization and segmentation of the network to slow down or stop the worm and prevent currently infected from targeting and infecting other systems? containment phase inoculation phase quarantine phase treatment phase Scoring Rule For: correctness of response 2 points for Option 1 0 points for any other option . removing modified files or system settings that the worm introduced. A proxy Trojan Horse opens port 21 on the target system. Scoring Rule For: correctness of response Option 1 and Option 5 are correct. A virus can be dormant and then activate at a specific time or date. A Trojan Horse can be hard to detect because it closes when the application that launched it closes. A virus has an enabling vulnerability. A virus replicates itself by independently exploiting vulnerabilities in networks. a propagation mechanism. An FTP Trojan Horse stops anti-virus programs or firewalls from functioning. A virus provides the attacker with sensitive data.A virus typically requires end-user activation.

Max Value = 2 8 What are three goals of a port scan attack? (Choose three. Max Value = 3 9 What are three types of access attacks? (Choose three. 1 point for each correct option. Max Value = 3 10 Which type of security threat can be described as software that attaches to another program to execute a specific unwanted function? virus worm proxy Trojan horse Denial of Service Trojan horse Scoring Rule For: correctness of response 2 points for Option 1 0 points for any other option Max Value = 2 11 An attacker is using a laptop as a rogue access point to capture all network traffic from a targeted user. Option 3.) disable used ports and services determine potential vulnerabilities identify active services identify peripheral configurations identify operating systems discover system passwords Scoring Rule For: correctness of response Option 2. and Option 4 are correct. Which type of attack is this? . 0 points if more options are selected than required. Option 3. 1 point for each correct option.) buffer overflow ping sweep port redirection trust exploitation port scan Internet information query Scoring Rule For: correctness of response Option 1. and Option 5 are correct. 0 points if more options are selected than required.

A hacker uses a program that automatically scans telephone numbers within a local area. dialing each one in search of computers. and regulations Scoring Rule For: correctness of response 2 points for Option 4 0 points for any other option Max Value = 2 14 Which statement describes phone freaking? A hacker uses password-cracking programs to gain access to a computer via a dialup account. bulletin board syste fax machines. applications.trust exploitation buffer overflow man in the middle port redirection Scoring Rule For: correctness of response 2 points for Option 3 0 points for any other option Max Value = 2 12 Which type of software typically uses a network adapter card in promiscuous mode to capture all network packets that are sent across a LAN? port scanner ping sweeper packet sniffer Internet information query Scoring Rule For: correctness of response 2 points for Option 3 0 points for any other option Max Value = 2 13 Which characteristic best describes the network security Compliance domain as specified by the ISO/IEC? the integration of security into applications an inventory and classification scheme for information assets the restriction of access rights to networks. A hacker mimics a tone using a whistle to make free long-distance calls on an analog telephone network. and data the process of ensuring conformance with security information policies. standards. A hacker gains unauthorized access to networks via wireless access points. functions. Scoring Rule For: correctness of response 2 points for Option 3 0 points for any other option Max Value = 2 . systems.

overflowing the allocated buffer memory of the target device by sending an echo request in an IP packet larger than the maximum packet size of 65.) enabling vulnerability infecting vulnerability payload penetration mechanism probing mechanism propagation mechanism Scoring Rule For: correctness of response Option 1. 0 points if more options are selected than required. Max Value = 3 16 What occurs during the persist phase of a worm attack? identification of vulnerable targets modification of system files and registry settings to ensure that the attack code is running transfer of exploit code through an attack vector extension of the attack to vulnerable neighboring targets Scoring Rule For: correctness of response 2 points for Option 2 0 points for any other option Max Value = 2 17 Which technology is an example of a host-based intrusion prevention system? MARS NAC CSA VPN Scoring Rule For: correctness of response 2 points for Option 3 0 points for any other option Max Value = 2 18 How is a Smurf attack conducted? by sending a large number of packets. and Option 6 are correct.15 What are the three major components of a worm attack? (Choose three. Option 3. 1 point for each correct option.535 bytes by sending a large number of ICMP requests to directed broadcast addresses from a spoofed source address on the same network by sending a large number of TCP SYN packets to a target device from a spoofed source address Scoring Rule For: correctness of response .

Improperly formatted packets are forwarded to a target device to cause the target system to crash. A program writes data beyond the allocated memory to enable the execution of malicious code. A ping sweep is a scanning technique that examines a range of TCP or UDP port numbers on a host to detect listening services. including the addresses assigned to that domain. Scoring Rule For: correctness of response 2 points for Option 1 0 points for any other option . A ping sweep is a software application that enables the capture of all network packets sent across a LAN.2 points for Option 3 0 points for any other option Max Value = 2 19 What is a ping sweep? A ping sweep is a network scanning technique that indicates the live hosts in a range of IP addresses. Scoring Rule For: correctness of response 2 points for Option 1 0 points for any other option Max Value = 2 20 What occurs during a spoofing attack? One device falsifies data to gain access to privileged information. Large amounts of network traffic are sent to a target device to make resources unavailable to intended users. A ping sweep is a query and response protocol that identifies information about a domain.

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