ROMANIA PRAHOVA COUNTY DUMBRAVESTI COMMUNE

Translation from Romanian language

- SYNTHESIS

OF MONOGRAPHY

The Dumbrăveşti commune is situated in the central side of the Prahova County, 25 km away from Ploieşti, 6 km away from Plopeni, 19 km away from Slănic and 15 km away from Vălenii de Munte, being spread out along the county road DJ 102 Plopeni – Slănic, having access to the railway Ploieşti – Slănic through the three railway stations of the administrative territory: Plopeni Sat, Gavanel, Malaesti.
The connection with the neighbouring communes is provided by: - Communal Road DC 11 formed from DJ 102 at the exit from the Dumbravesti village and provides the connection with the Vilcanesti and Cosminele commune; - the communal road DC 16 which forms from the Dumbrăveşti village and provides the access through the component village Sfarleanca and further wih DN 1 A up to the Făget village of the Gura Vitioarei commune; - the communal road DC 54 which makes the connection with the Lipanesti commune and DN 1A Ploieşti – Văleni. The Dumbrăveşti commune was made according to Law 2/1968 by unifying the Malaesti commune with the Plopeni commune, a commune consisting of 6 villages such as: Plopeni Village, Gavanel, Dumbrăveşti, Sfarleanca, Mălăieştii de Sus, Mălăieştii de Jos. Elements of the natural environment The Dumbrăveşti commune is situated in the high plain area of Ploieşti, containing within its limits the area of the sub-Carpathian hills in the area of the piedmont plain, the hills of the north area being afforested. The villages of the Dumbrăveşti commune developed on the high terrace of the Varbilau brook, the Cosmina brook, the right side of the Teleajen River; The main water course of that area in the Teleajen River, a permanent flow and a bed a little more curved; Other permanent water courses being: the Varbilau brook, which crosses the commune from North to South, being the affluent of the Teleajen River, flowing into it on the area of the Dumbrăveşti village; The Cosmina brook with its affluents Misleanca and Golden crosses the commune from North to South, flowing into the Teleajen River on the area of the Plopeni;

The level of the underground waters measured in the fountains varies between 10 and 50 meters; The drillings made in the area maintained the underground water at the depth of 3,5-4,00 meters with a variable level depending on the rainfalls; Seismic data According to the Norm P100 – 92, the domain of the Dumbrăveşti commune fits in the seismic calculation area A, the coefficient being Ks = 0.32. Climatic data The main climatic characteristics of the area are the following: - the average annual temperature of the year: +10 °C; - the maximal absolute temperature: +39, 4 °C; - the minimal absolute temperature: -30 °C; - the average temperature of January: -20 °C; - the average temperature of July: +20 °C; - average multiannual rainfalls: 600 – 700 mm; - maximal frost depth: 0,90 m.  Gettable mineral reserves: Oil, natural gases, coal, salt, river aggregates;  Economic activities: At the level of the Dumbrăveşti commune it functions a number of 79 companies with various industrial profiles. The main fields of the agriculture are: Fruit-growing, cereals growing, viticulture, zootechnics.  Population, demographic elements: Census year: 1966 – 1977 – 1992 – 1994 – 1997 – 2002 Population number: 3706 – 3980 – 3695 – 3680 – 3965 – 3885  Administrative territory The commune has a surface of 2955 ha, with the following neighborhoods: South – Plopeni city North – Varbilau commune East – Gura Vitioarei commune, Magurele and Lipanesti, West – Cocorastii Mislii commune, Vilcanesti commune Total intravilan area: 336 ha Number of the existing homesteads: 1478 Number of the registered houses: 1535 Existing habitable area: 25865 sqm Habitability index: 7 sqm/person Average/house habitable area: 16,9/lo./house Persons no./house: 2,5 persons/house  The social and cultural situation of the commune is the following: - Plopeni Village: General School with the forms: I-VIII, kindergarten with two groups, groceries, church + 2 cemeteries; - Gavanel: grocery - Dumbrăveşti: City Hall, Police Department, cultural center, human health center, schools with forms I-VIII, kindergarten, postal office, stores, library, digital telephonic exchange with 600 telephone numbers, church, 2 cemeteries; - Mălăeştii de Jos: General School with the forms: I-IV, kindergarten, stores, church, cemetery;

- Mălăeştii de Sus: stores, church, cemetery; - Sfarleanca: General School with the forms: I-IV, kindergarten, stores, church, cemetery;  Communal equipment Water supply: The villages: Plopeni, Gavanel, Mălăeştii de Jos, Sfarleanca, Dumbrăveşti; The length of the water distribution network: 26 km, The water supplying of the houses is made by the influent conduit Valenii de Munte – Movila Vulpii (THREAD I); The electric power supply of the Dumbrăveşti commune is made by the national energetic system by LEA 20 kv, through 11 substations. Telephony The Dumbrăveşti commune is served by a personal digital telephonic exchange with 600 telephone numbers, situated in the Dumbrăveşti village. On the commune’s territory there are placed: oil wells and separating parks and crude oil tanks, the property of SNP Petrom SA – branch office of Ploieşti – Boldeşti oil derrick. Historical and natural architecture monuments A. In compliance with the “List of the Historical Monuments” approved by the CNMASI in 1992, reconfirmed by CNMI and approved by the Ministry of Culture, with the approval no. 4277IC-16.07.1997, on the territory of the Dumbrăveşti commune, in the list of the “Archeological Monuments and Sits”, in the Sfarleanca village, in the point “La Cetate” to the east side of the village, there is registered the “Romanian Castrum 101 - 118”. This is a monument with an exceptional value, the “A” value category registered in the list at the 30A096 indicative. B. On the commune’s territory there are the following objectives with strict protection regime – Thuja orientalis L- arbor vitae – situated in the yard of the property of the named Farmache Adalciza Vidra Maria in the Dumbrăveşti village; - Scarbus domestica L-SCARUS – situated in the “MOLDOVEANU” point of the Mălăeşti hill, in the Mălăeştii de Jos village. Traffic organization: The county road and the communal roads have the following structure: DJ 102 – on the territory of the Dumbrăveşti commune is 9km long, asphalted; DC 16 – 2km asphalted, 3,7 paved; DC 54 – 1 km asphalted; DC 11 – 6km asphalted. The other communal roads, 26 km long, are totally paved.

From the ploughing there were also gathered isolated bones of animals (mainly of bovines). covered with boscages. There were discovered numerous whole and fragmented blades. As in the case of the blades. b) a little chisel kept complete. as raw material. originary from the area of the Carpathian curbature.HISTORY AND TRUTH THE NEOLITHIC HABITATION OF THE ALDENI II TYPE OF THE MĂLĂEŞTII DE JOS (PRAHOVA COUNTY) With the occasion of some surface archeological researches. The scrapers are usually worked on specially prepared splinters. in the “La Rapa” point. long. towards Slănic) there was discovered a Neolithic habitation. The tools of grinded stone are represented by five pieces worked of volcanic tuff. belonging to the bearers of the Aldeni II cultural aspect. gathered from the bed of the Varbilau River. Of the first piece. with a curved edge. the most northern one and the highest one. They are the obvious proof of the plant culture. Near Rapa there is the first extension of the terrace. of the Neolithic age. also made of volcanic tuff. especially the brown-yellow silex. a hammer-axe. with a broken spike and glazed margins and a spherical striker. There are also several blade segments with glazed sides. forming ten extensions. on the territory of the Mălăeştii de Jos village. there must be mentioned the mierolitic scrapers (of 2 cm long). Two of the stone tools. it is 60 m long and 30 m wide. of average dimensions. We don’t exclude the possibility that humans would have also used local silex. From the tools. There are also some grey silex pieces with an origin which is header to precise (it can be from deposits found on the south of Braşov county).. probably of the “Balkan” type. from the stream’s opening rising “Rapa”. We remind the various ceramic fragments on which there are impresses signs of grains of wheat and several grinding mills. proved by the discovery of some bitronconical spindles (of 3 cm diameter) and some round and perforated shivers. the locals named it “La Rapa”. covered with nig boscages. with a plan-complex transversal section and an asymmetrical longitudinal section. It was situated on the west terrace of the Varbilau River and it was named “Mornel”. because of the long time use. As the north side of the riverside is abrupt. as a border. there was kept a little portion near . in the form of some high semicircles. of oval longish form. of the Dumbrăveşti commune. are perforated. the land being in the middle a little bit high because of the human living signs. They also suppose another occupation. with a blunt side. which arrived in that aria also by changes. There was used. The plough unearthed various pieces of burned rough cast. Another documented occupation was the spinning. with various signs of straws. with steep inaccessible riversides on three sides. Prahova county (25 km to the north of Ploieşti. of about 30 m high over the water level. proving the cattle breeding. named “La Bughiu”. there are certified various silex pieces. The surface on which there are spread the habitation rests has an approximately oval form. there were also used other tools of silicium gritstone. but on a much reduced scale. It turns to the west where there is a narrow and deep stream. From this point the ancient habitants had a large view towards south and towards north. namely the weaving. c) a fragmented. narrow and long lance. This is where it is situated the Neolithic habitation. The edge of the riverside is notched. it has a rectangular transversal section with curved corners and a symmetrical longitudinal section. Three of them are flat. The terrace is about 300 m long. imperforated: a) an almost rectangular little axe. We mention a perforator. Besides the silex tools.

The observations made regarding the ceramics are interesting. we mention: an entire pantadera. especially with winch. was also a hammer-axe. modelled of paste mixed with a large quantity of pounded crocks. In general. we also mention an animal body with a dull front part. Among the fragments more special we mention a thick fragment. We also signal the big deep bowls. the habitation of Mălăeştii de Jos is the most west one of the Aldeni II habitat. Various vessels had massive ears or little ears vertically perforated. are rich enough. of which there was kept only the arm with the edge. One of the statuettes draws the attention by that fact that it had a long neck and the front legs fixed on the body with a little stick. Besides these one. rending a horned animal with long legs. with bitronconic form. One fragment represents the front half of a statuette. as a habitation type. which allowed us to mention some elements of material culture specific to the Aldeni II aspect from the region from the north side of Ploieşti. the connection being made on the small basis. The perforation was made only from one side. It is excluded that the piece would represent an earth imitation of the golden pendants. vertical strips. The second piece. As special pieces. similar to those of the neighbouring culture area of the Cucuteni culture. We don’t exclude the possibility that habitations of the same type could exist further to the west besides the one mentioned above. From the decorations we mention a pendant of burned earth. As for the occupations. flat. with prominences of various forms. made negligently with the finger along the margin and on the body. There were also found some fragments of high cylindrical supports. with two holes at the upper side. with long and slim body. which is round. from that area or by changes with other farther communities. On the neck it has a facet indicating the fact that it was modelled separately from the body. the objective of Mălăeştii de Jos is not different from other similar ones of the Buzău County. the pintadera has a relieved volute. The first category is documented. The hole was made from two sides. As the objective was not researched by diggings. we are not in the position to specify the stratigraphy of its contents (we refer to the layer formed during the Neolithic age). outstripped apertures. with a short arm and flat at the basis and perforated at the top side. serried. parallel. of . On the disc’s front side. as it is naturally. with some big. vertical lines. As you can see from those mentioned above. From another pintadera. there was also found a little head of horned animal. It lacks the front part. used for the tattooing or the decoration of the textures. are various. We can seldom find the decoration with incised. It is necessary to emphasize the fact that even if there were researched by diggings some habitations of the Aldeni II type. especially by various jars with curved body.the hole for the fang fixing. usually. or that formed of relief. we mention those with convex body. It has a bitronconic form. We must underline the fact that the archaeological materials gathered from the earth surface. proving that there were big possibilities to obtain raw material. accentuated and with short rim. conic. decorated on the outside cu lines of small pricks. On the back it has a crest. rolled up from the outside. Another fragment of the zoomorphic statuette renders a male animal. of the station. associated with several niches. the statuettes described are modelled negligently. seldom with unorganized with slurry. with cylindrical high neck and convex body. Until now. especially the silex ones. There can be distinguished two main categories: the common use vessels and those of fine paste. The vessels in this category were decorated. with slurry. researched by diggings. also decorated with a volute. there was kept only one part of the disc. The ceramics is represented by several fragments of vessels of various dimensions. There are also large vessels. short. minuscule. The hole has a tronconic form. there are very large vessels (some of them with 3 cm thick walls). From these ones. then. The tools. for keeping the food. A sign regarding a more intense and long standing dwelling seems to be the observation that that land is a little bit higher than the surrounding fields. the data are still few. with a arched middle side.

near the margin. but also the outside areas of the houses. some main elements (such as the glasses) are the Cucuteni type. Considering the aspect. probably. Dumbrăveşti commune.some diggings made in the surface. We underline tha fact that it is the most northern point. as much material appeared mixed. with curved body. From the few little ears gathered. Georgescu2. This region was researched at the beginning of the 80’s by surface researches by E. in order to try to find piles in the surface. these fragments seem to date from the first Iron Age1. both for the establishment of the type of houses and of their building type. found in the territories of the areas of the Cucuteni and Gumelnita cultures. On the “Mornel” place there were also found some fragments of rough paste. considering the fact that the archaeological level is strongly affected by ploughings. Prahova County. It draws the attention the considerable number of the statuettes. Its surface is uneven. was formed of the mixture of some elements specific for the two cultures. In the present research stage. Dumbrăveşti commune (Prahova County) Point: “La Mornel” Region code: 131498. we mention one from a little cut of fine paste. as we found some traces of a little case in sector 1 during the campaign of 2003. We cannot overlook the finding that the ceramic fragments with painted decoration of the objective researched present some particularities. . Objectives: . in the ceramics field there are predominant the elements of the Gumelnita type and in others. associated. with prominences.the hill area of Muntenia. there must be mentioned some special fragments. The campaign or archaeological digging – the archaeological region of Mălăeştii de Jos. especially the zoomorphic ones. This is a proof that on the “Mornel” place or around it there was a habitation of the Tei type. known until now. our lot is the richest one. Alin Frînculeasa. As everybody knows. .01 Staff: Radian – Romus Andreescu (MIMIR) – executive. the elements of the Cucuteni type. The elements specific for the Gumelnita culture are few. year 2003 Mălăeştii de Jos. UVT students. We refer to a tronconic deep cup. not found in other similar habitations. It seems that there were also taken archaeological soundings. until now there were published too little materials of this kind. with a view to the development of a project that would aim at the entire stream of the Vărbilău River. As a decoration.the research of some closed piles. dating from the bonze age. Eugen Paveleţ (MIAP). alveolar strips. elongated on the horizontal. In the complex of Mălăeştii de Jos. By the number of ceramic fragments presented. decorated. under the margin. and of the internal evolution of the habitation. This finding makes us assign to the same culture the other fragments of ears and similar vessels. From the materials gathered from the surface of the earth. . The shape of this ear is specific for the vessels of the Tei culture. to be connected with a strong influence and probably with contacts with the communities of the South-Eastern Transivania. the Aldeni II cultural aspect. In 2002 we began some systematic researches. in order to observe especially the ceramics. of high jars. Comşa and V. with short vertical ear.field researches near the region in order to discover other regions. On the upper side of the ear there is a button with a small pastille. it seems to result that in the area around Teleajen there are predominant the elements of the Cucuteni type. with such discoveries of the Prahova County. with some relief. it has a small prominence. Of the observations made until now it results that in some stations. within a project that aims at the approach by specific researches of the northern area of the Gumelniţa3 culture.

By sectioning it we could see the maximal width of only 5-6 cm. The ceramic vessels totally manually worked. which suggests a strong affection of the region by the archaeological works. In the area of “tambours” no. 1 and St. We wished to see if this is a characteristic of the region or if the earth acidity influences this state. There was discovered an alignment of “tambours” (n. In this campaign there was recovered an important quantity of ceramics.5 m to the south of SII/2003.80 m.recovering of osteological material. deepening 20 cm (“tambour” no. suggesting a strong slipping of the terrace towards the river bed. tronconic in the section (“tambour” no. . towards the water (East). of some well individualized areas or burned red minced adobe. the archaeological researches of the campaign of 2003 consisted in the setting out and the research of two sectors placed at 0. lead to a discovery at the surface (-30 cm) of an archaeological pile. 3-5 (superposing them) it can be seen a burned area half built. the situation of the habitation on the margin of the terrace. Methodology: because of the reduced funds. on a distance of over 4. the conclusions having a preliminary character.. in the context in which the in previous campaign we could not recover more than an insignificant quantity of bones. very fragmented ceramics. in an area where the Vărbilău River has a curve that determines the accentuated erosion of the terrace. There were not found signs of burned wood that could suggest the presence of a house with wooden framework. 2 from east to west. very fragmented. characterized by the presence of ashes. can be divided into three classical categories: coarse. we noticed that initially there was made a fitting up of the house floor by levelling it with yellow earth of 5-7 cm thick. outside the L1/2002. These “tambours” were made by introducing the non uniform burned adobe in the holes. characterized by the presence of an important quantity of fragmented ceramics. Also. but also of the occupation of the land by agricultural works. burned minced adobe.a possible “domestic area”.n.the most interesting pile appeared in the South-Eastern corner of St. in the context of the appearance at the surface.the South-Western corner of L.5 m away from the maximal altitude of the habitation. In the Western corner of the pile. which irremediably leads to the destruction of the habitation. respectively the “paving” of an area outside the houses. characterized by a mass of burned adobe. but which has not the aspect of a compact mass of burned adobe. Archaeological discoveries: The researches of this campaign lead to the identification of some well individualized areas directly connected to various activities developed within the habitation. Over the sectors there is superposed a squaring of 2x2 m. for archaeological and botanic determinations. characterized by coarse successive junctions. parallel with the respective section and at 0. . on the superior area being made an earth smoothing. conventional name) of burned earth. but also an ashes clay gall. burned wood. the realization of a small sounding in the eastern margin of the terrace at about -3. There were researched four distinct areas: .5 m to the west of SI/2002. 1/2002 was discovered in St 2. spherical on the surface. on it being made several successive earth coverings. at the depth of -15-18 cm. probably of a house set on fire. The pile was not entirely hoed.5 m thick. The research also received a salvation character. 2) with diameters of 26-44 cm. and the research would be continued in the campaign of 2004. As in the campaign of 2002. 1. especially in the central area. mostly placed on the horizontal. but also on the South side we found pole holes with diameters of 15-20 cm. the South-Western area. suspended on these “tambours”. the North-Western area. oriented NE-SV. We mention that in this area there were discovered few bones. have dimensions of 6x6 m. partially St 2 (the eastern side). a width determined by the ploughing that affected the pile. . which suggests the intentional character of this activity. in the terrace’s breach there can be seen a strong inclination of the layers. The sectors named conventionally St.1.an area which covered a big part of St. in St 2. the earth being subsequently pressed. However. . bones (the area with the biggest bone quantity). separated one from another by a stratigraphical mark of 0. 2).

2 extract of “Archaeological notes” – the Neolithic habitation of the Aldeni II type of Mălăeştii de Sus (Prahova County) by Eugen Comsa and Vasile Georgescu – 1983 3. but also long or spherical calcareous rocks of variable dimensions. and the painted ones was identified only by some fragments. We noticed the very good quality of the fine and semi-fine ceramics. Together with the ceramic fragments we also discovered stone materials. We also noticed this year the discovery of an important quantity of stone in the digging. There were also discovered various spoon and ladle handles. Franculescu Alin. . A XXXVI of the national session of archaeological reports. which suggests the fact that the tools were made within the habitation. 1. Dumbrăveşti commune. having big dimensions of 20-40 cm long. both cut tools and ground ones. and the buttocks are very realistically modelled. with diameters up to 40 cm. generally river stones. Covasna.semi-fine and fine ceramics. in the Chronicle. with flat surfaces. Mălăeştii de Jos.5 cm). The coarse ceramics is decorated with slurry. generally by incisions. this fact been emphasized also by the discovery of several stone strikers. We mention an anthropomorphic statuette of burned earth in semi-sitting position (h: 9. 2003. The anthropomorphic and zoomorphic plastics are generally fragmentary. Very few ceramic fragments are decorated. especially the scrapers. The silex pieces are in general on blade supports. painted in red or white. Pavelet Eugen. There were also discovered many discharge rests (splinters). Campaign 2001. pages 190 – 191. During this campaign also there were made researches on the stream of the Vărbilău River. being identified new tools of archaeological interest. There were discovered several minuscule vessels in one piece or which can be made in one piece. Andreescu Radian Remus.

and with an approximate rhomboidal shape. Mălăeşti commune (the present Dumbrăveşti commune) of the confluence of Teleajen and Vărbilău rivers. characterizing the placement of villages. of about 12 metres and to southern extremity of about 10 meters. situated in the region Câmpia Bârsei – Câmpia Trei Scaune – Oituz – Teleajen – Buzău – Dunărea de Jos. On the upper terrace that separates Teleajen river from Vărbilău river and at a small distance from the confluence of these two rivers. the chain of heights of the North of the depression oriented towards South and the chain of the heights of South. good for agricultural cultures of any kind and easy for communications. the Sfârleanca hamlet. Gagenl. At its Southern end. and through the Nişcovului stream. In this region the streams of Teleajen and Vârbilău rivers are crossed by the wide depression Mislea – Podeni. on the one side to the West with Pravovei stream and on the other side to the East with Cicolul Sărat stream. Consequently this depression. . Galmeia Hill. next to Dealul Scăioşilor. This depression opens especially direct communications and very easi from West to East. Ţintea. Moreover. oriented towards North. namely. of about one kilometre wide on the territory of the Fundeni village. Dealul Mare. as it can be seen on the sketch. both to the North and to the South. one part of the edge of the terrace. at its origin. who appreciated the military value of this place and who built there the castrum we mentioned. namely the hills.Chiliei Bridge. and as it goes further to the South it becomes more narrow and sharf. as the depression makes the heights within it disappear and the plain appear. constituting two lines of positions with wide views and easy to defend. The terrace on which I said the castrum was placed appears under the form of a piece of land of about 3 kilometres long. near Fundeni. there is a place named “Pe Cetate”. as it would have been logical. in order to take possession of this crossroads and to build a base for the attack of the position formed by the heights of the North side of the Depression Mislea – Podeni. Starting from the West: Baicoi. . . it outlines. giving birth to an insulated plateau. Among the elements of this pile there is also found a Roman castrum. In this place there are found covered over with earth the rests of a Roman castrum. between the streams that cross the depression. it detaches by a saddle.producing here a very big expansion of plain land. of small dimensions. and on the other hand places at the disposal of the armies two defence lines one in front of the other against the enemies that would have wanted to cross it. and in order to take the operations aside towards North. a name which is not registered on any map.HISTORY’S CONTINUITY THE ROMANIAN CASTRUM OF MĂLĂEŞTI The Romanian castrum of Drajna de Sus is not unique in the Teleajen stream. both for the periods before the fire arms and for the modern periods. through which the streams of Vârbilău and Teleajen rivers are connected inside the area of hillocks. which separates the mass of the area of hillocks. one chain of heights that borders the depression. This couldn’t have been not noticed by the experimented commandants of the Roman army. popularly named gorge. on the one hand places at the disposal of the armies inside the area of the hillocks an operation line from West to East and vice versa. but it is part of an important Dacian-Roman pile. and through this stream. the isolated hills from the North side of Ploieşti. either from North to South or from South to North. it connects to the stream of Buzău River. namely the castrum of Moara lui Mitruş. before its exit of the hills’ region. the hills of the Bucovel ricer.

the covers and the food supply and the various materials supply. have been and still are the same in all time periods in the leading of wars and the government of countries and populations. reveals us the direction towards which the Romans directed their main effort with the occasion of the attack that they probably made for the conquest of the heights chain above mentioned. between the highway and the Teleajen riverside. which by their relief constitute a very strong position of defence oriented to South especially for the periods of the cold steel (without fire). taking it as a operation base. If on the right side and on the left side of the Nirthern gate there are no big ruins. this is probably because of the fact that the those ruins were drawn out by the inhabitants. Regarding the orientation from South to North that the roman army’s operations had in this region. depressions. – In the west side. either for defence and building fortifications or for choosing the attack directions. as some of they told me. the terrace’s relief and especially its surface. their filled in the front moat. the crest of the Scaioşi Hill. meaning that it had a gate on the North side. in a larger quantity. And in order for the ignorant persons in the field of military leadership not to wrongly believe that we make a modern strategy as attributed to the Dacians and the Romans. we want to mention that the strategical principles. or because of the fact that by their demolition. streams. as it is shown by level curves on the sketch. This orientation also corresponds to the land from the North side of the castrum. as well as the high parts of the castrum’s corners and those bordering the Southern and the Eastern gates. all together forming a strong defensive line oriented towards North. it seems that the castrum did not have projected a gate. as it can be seen well enough on the sketches. and the Malaeştilor Hill from the Western side of Vărbilău. The position itself of the castrum between Teleajen and Vărbilău and to the South of the Scăioşilor Hill.Thus we believe that the Dacians occupied and defended the height chain that borders the streams of the Teleajen and the Vărbilău rivers to the North. the precipice Coltul de Piatră from the North side of Sfârleanca and then over Vărbilău with the crest of the Mălăieşti Hill. by building the small wall that connects the crest of the Coada Malului Hill with the margin of the terrace of the West side of Coada Malului. especially regarding the use of the geographic elements which are: the big lines of the land (rivers. or because the fact that the situation and the tactical needs did not require it. namely the Scăioşilor Hill between Teleajen and Vărbilău. mountain crests and hill crests. which easy more easy to attack than the other two hills and once conquered this hill. it totally informs us in the same time regarding the great skill they had in using the land. and. and the short ones of 150 m each. they could further continue the offensive up the Teleajen stream. the castrum has the shape of a rectangle with the long sides of 180 m each. were modified. There can be clearly seen the law parts of the surrounding relief of the castrum which correspond to its sides and gates. After the conquest of the height chain Coada Malului – Scăioşi – Mălăesşti. by the depression Mislea – Podeni. By the falling of the surrounding walls as well as that of the houses walls inside the castrum. Immediately behind the roman wall of Coada Malului there are found the signs of a roman habitation. the castrum was probably oriented towards North too. either because the terrace margin on this side was more abrupt. South and East sides. an . the Romans have probably stopped for a moment on this line and fortified it. The castrum is situated on the terrace. having a gate in the North. the Coada Malului Hill of the East side of Teleajen. the communications. which definitely represent the biggest ruins of the guns existing on those spots. the obstacles. both streams could have been conquered. on which the Romans could easily stop a Dacical counteroffensive and on which. After all. a habitation full of roman bricks and tiles drawn out by the inhabitants when cultivating the land on their fields. placed in the orchards between the Măgurele commune and the Coada Malului hamlet. zone limits).

those who made diggings inside the castrum either in order to plant grape or to draw out the ruins. and 6 cm thick. rubble. a reading after a reproduction in red wax: Obverse: IMP TRAIANO AUG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P. the young George Mateescu of the Sfârleanca hamlet presented us a silver coin found within the castrum during the working of the grape. – Anywhere you plough you must keep well in your hand the plough handles. I was the first who fallowed and broken the fortress first. this is what they found during these diggings: When there were made the diggings for the cleaning of the place and the planting of grape of the north-western quarter of the castrum. . . holed from one distance to another and in the holes there were iron pieces fixed by moulded plumb. and for the Castrum’s defence in cas of attack from the enemy. visiting the castrum. as well as tiles of about 50 cm long and 30 cm wide. These two wells seem to have been in the place of the two holes that can be seen at the moment in the Southern half of the castrum. In the same place there was found a small bronze statuette representing a gladiator fighting as well as the scabbard of a stone gladium with two bracelets probably belonging to a statue.I thrown them as I found them. I found a piece of brick with the seal of the V Legion of Macedonia.60 m wide and 2-6 cm thick and others of 20 cm long and 20 cm wide and 6 cm thick. This coin dates thus immediately of the defeating of the Dacians during the first war after which Ţrian took the title of “da-cicus” (Paribeni). or to take out the construction material. some of them. it was noticed that the entire place of grape was crossed by wall foundations. as the character of the digging allowed it. where the Tatars who made the fortress thrown their things which they could not carry when they left these places. with the occasion of a trip made with the officers of Regiment 7 Dorobanţi on the place of the castrum. in order to be able to plough the area. the hell with them. I found various devilries but I didn’t pay any attention to them. And do not try to introduce the plug more than this (and he shows the measure) because it won’t work.” . and even walls in the earth. the respectable old man Mateiu Dumitru. the stones. (Mateescu Dumitru – named Baghiu*) native of the Sfârleanca hamlet and even the owner of a part of the land on which the castrum is situated. Besides this one there could be seen in one spot. walls built of stone and brick connected by white lime mortar. This coin is a roman silver dinar of the years 103 – 112. The laureate head of Traian to the right.then there is a layer of 60 cm of ruins. The former mayor of the Mălăesşti commune. and gloves making you wandering what kind of hands did the Tartars have. People also say that they found out that inside the castrum there were found one or two wells. And to tell you the truth – says the brave old man Stere Diaconu. The inhabitants used to say that in the ground there could be found bricks that seem to be. In 1927.advantageous land both bor starting an attack. and finally under this layer the walls continue in natural ground on a depth of 1 m. being built of the terrace’s slope on which the castrum is situated. holding on the right side a palm twing and on the left side a crown directed in front. the tiles and the vessel fragments found. of 1 m long and 0. hollow tiles. made us the following remarks regarding the thickness of the layer of the rests found in the ground inside the castrum: “to the surface there can be a layer which can be ploughed of 30 – 40 cm. a succession of big stones. so the entire archaeological layer is about 2 m deep besides the places where there were cellars and where the layer is much deeper. As the inhabitants say. besides the bricks. Reverse: SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI. In 1927. Following the plough there come out fragments. A standing concord to the left. The foundations of one of the buildings were hoed for 2 m deep from the face of the earth and on the bottom there was found a fireplace with ashes and coals.

on the terrace. meaning to the North – West of the “copper bridge”. . being interrupted by the diggings made during time in the place named “La Eleşteu”. built between the two moats. – It could have been a natural pond or a built one or the water could have been gathered in a hole made after the ground was pulled out for the needs of the castrum. Moreover. the water could have continued on flowing and thus the pond formed.The place in front of the Northern gate is named “Pe Podul de Aramă”. it can be noticed that between the two moats the land has an intense reddish colour. Considering the fact that around and near the castrum. Probably there was a bridge over the moat before the castrum’s wall and the stones of which would have been connected between them by bronze cramps. which would prove the fact that in this place not only the moat was double but also the castrum’s wall was doubled by a parapet. In front of the North side of the castrum and in front of the eastern side of the Southern side. it is possible that water was brought from the Scăioşilor Hill by conduits which. the defensive power of the castrum was strengthened with moats which in front of the eastern side of the Northern side seam to have been double. some of the inhabitants even say that they know the time when in the pond there was lots of water. there cannot be found any drinkable water source. some sides on which the castrum’s wall do not lean upon the margins of the terrace on which the castrum is situated. It is also interesting the name “Lacul lui Irimia” or “La Eleşteu” given to the place in front and to the left.

Besides the castrum there were found the following ruins: On the occasion of the diggings for the railway Ploieşti – Slănic there were found the foundations and the lower part of two buildings situated under the margin of the terrace to the North – West of the castrum.50 – 3. The direction and the position of this channel are those shown on the sketch. These are all we can have and we can say about the castrum.00 m wide at the bottom and 5 -6 m wide at the mouth. named Lunca Vânătă. These walls were built of “stone quarry splinters”.00 m deep and 2. the Southern side of the castrum seems to have been curved towards outside. which I called the middle terrace and which contains the Teleajen River in this spot. In the meadow from the East side of the castrum. as compared to the present pond which is hoed in the body of the lower terrace or in the meadow of Teleajen river. and under the margin of the terrace there is a channel hoed in the ground named “Islazul Tătarilor”. Most of the walls were pulled out by the owner of the place and the material resulted was used to new buildings. – It is 200 m long – 1. In the point where the so called Pond of Tatars descends from the middle terrace on the lower terrace.50 m – 2. the place has the height necessary for the building of a mill.Considering all the probabilities. Here there are in the ground stone building foundations. This channel is hoed in the body of the second terrace. if this sign was not produced by overturning the central part of the wall towards outside. .

vessel fragments. mortar and pebble.The second road leads up on the Teleajen stream in order to go either on the Drajnei stream to the castrum of Drajna de Sus. . we can only rely on the gates projected in the surrounding walls of the castrum. further with brick and tile pieces.One on the Vărbilău stream towards the salt mines of Slănic and towards the riches of the hill and mountain area of this stream. One of the bricks of this basement has a hole made especially before the burning where it seems like there was introduced the head of an iron bar. At about 350 m far to the North of the castrum it appears again the pasture but less strong. showed me that in the yard of his house from the Vărbilău side it is found a hole called “La Moara Tătarilor”. through Podeni towards the stream of the Cricov River and from there through the stream of the Nişcov river into the stream of the Buzău river. Besides these obvious signs found around the castrum. a road very closely controlled. right here in front of the castrum. as well as the slopes found in the edges of the terrace on which the castrum is situated and on which the roads were descending in all the directions. towards the oil zone Buştenari – Câmpina – Băicoi – Ţintea and towards the stream of the Prahova River. down on the Teleajen stream towards the Danube – This road can be noticed on the field between the Boldeşti commune and the Lipăneşti commune passing by a hole named by the inhabitants “Puţul Tătarilor”. there can be seen the sign of a channel that crosses the middle terrace letting the water of the Pond of Tatars flow into the Teleajen River. Especially on the ground brow from North – Eastern side of the castrum. in contrast to Moara Nouă and Moara lui Mitruş. here by pebble mixture. meaning that its body consists of diluvian pebble.On the point named Moara Veche. The signs of roads coming and leaving the castrum are hard to establish as the terrace on which the castrum was situated is a filling up diluvian terrace. at the moment the oldest man in the village. for establishing the directions and the roads with which the castrum was connected. researching the land’s topography and the alteration degree of the ground composition by rests of ruins. tile. there are found the followings: In general the land from the North side of the castrum and within the terrace up to 350 m away has an altered composition. with an aspect like the land inside the castrum. as it passed nearby the castrum and it went towards the open plain of the Mislea – Podeni depression. I believe this channel was built by the Romans in order for the water of the Pond of Tatars to flow into the Teleajen River when the mill needed repairs. in the people’s orchards coming from the Vărbilău River there can be seen some waste lands and the people say that inside them there are foundations of noble houses. . . In the yard of the old tavern of the former mayor Matei Dumitru there was discovered a basement built of roman brick. The importance of this mill installation is obvious and shows us enough that in this place there was developed a stable roman life. and from there over the Vârful lui Craiu Mountain to the Tabla Butii pass (Tatar’s Pass) and further on in the Higher Stream of the Buzău river – either on the stream of the Teleajen river through the Boncota (or Boncuţa) Pass still in the Higher Stream of the Buzău river – or through Plaiul Serban Vodă towards the pass of the Sfântul Ilie and Grohotiş mountains. starting even from the margin of the moat there is found a strong pasture of brick. . Nearby the Halta Mălăeşti.And finally the fifth road also probably toward the West. Old man Alecu. .The fourth road lead probably towards the East. It is hard to say where these roads lead but considering the wide geographical lines of the region where this castrum is situated I believe we are not wrong when we say that these roads lead: . which is made at present for each mill. here and there with vessel fragments – and more rarely with mortar signs. For this reason. as it can be seen very well on the sketches.The third road.

The golden helmet was found during the autumn of 1927 by the child of Traian Simion. Traian Simion sees on the edge of the road something shiny. The next day in the morning he put it in a bag and went to Ploieşti. . who gave to alexandru Simion an advance payment of 15000 lei. Looking for the goats. on the occasion of the diggings he made to pull out the building stone he also found a brick written with “figures as those of the clock” which he has no longer in his possession. where today it is built the “OMNIA” store. is the golden helmet of Cotofenesti. he he had to pay him subsequently the difference of 35000 lei. Going home. where there was found the carved building stone. the 24th battalion of the mountain corps. He pulled out a kind of hat of yellow metal. he cleaned it as he could with the knife and then he put it on his head and he started screaming to the other three boys – “come on here. four children between 12 and 14 years. Also this plateau has in its Southern side a very wide slope projected in the edge. The most valuable archaeological discovery of the IV – V centuries B. being a lance corporal in the Romanian army. The names of these boys were: Chitu V. One afternoon of august 1927. And the people say that in the ground there is money. guys. from the body of the terrace on which it is found the castrum. as I said before. behind the flock of sheep and goats driving them to pasture on the highest peak of the Malaiesti hill. grigore. the father of Traian. the oldest proof of habitation consisting of the Neolithic habitation discovered in the “La Rapa” point of the Malaestii de Jos village. simion A Traia. as a fireman helmet. took the helmet and hided it under the bed. in Marasesti. understanding that it was something valuable. in Cuza Voda Square no. seeing that the animals were not nereby anymore. vessel fragments and pebble. the boys let the cattle pasture. in the Timosevka locality. and which appears. that. the son of Alexandru Simion. 12 years old. Roman Dumitru. 13 years old and Vrabioiu P. The buying of the helmet of 860 g of golden was made by Moreanu. tile fragments. 14 years old. he arrived in “Drumul Piscului” that goes towards the peak of the hill towards “Cuibul Corbului”. the ground has a much altered constitution and is mixed with brick. were climbing on the Buduiului stream of the Malaiesti hill. I found a treasure!”. as well as the land from the North side of the castrum. with an age of over 6000 years. immediately went to look for them. A particularity of the topography of this place consists of the fact that the road from the fortress. in the form of an isolated plateau with rhomboidal perimeter. Extract of the work “the Roman castrum of Malaesti of Prahova County” by colonel Constantin Zogorit – 1940 The history of Dumbravesti commune begins with the archaeological discoveries made accidentally or occasionally. towards “Coama Schitului. Traian simion. 1 1.In order to finish the description of the roman habitation of this place. Alexandru Simion. He had here a former companion with whom he fought against the Germans. There are actual signs that allow us believe that the habitation around the castrum also extended on this plateau. One moment. on a common defence. also 14 years old. A last very interesting detail is the statement made to be by the mill’s owner. we only have left to talk about those found on the portion detached by the so called gorge. This one was the merchant Ion Marinescu Moreanu who had a wine warehouse. as they played near the fountain of Dobresc. The age of these territories is given by the unwritten sources attesting the presence of the human being in the Dumbravesti zone. Up on the isolated plateau. born on the 29. climbs in the same sinuous way on the isolated plateau from South. who died at the end of 1941.1913. Ilie. this plateau being used together with the nearby castrum. Arrived in the ursoaia Mare blind alley. To find out what that was he took the knife and started drilling the ground. a hamlet which belonged to the former Malaesti commune.C. in the First World War.07. a slope that starts from the basis of the edge and lasts until the middle of the plateau. 8. after descending the edge from the gorge of the castrum.

C. the director of the museum. the priest and the teacher accompanied by the police soldier found other 6 pieces of the same helmet. The police soldier of the commune also found out about this situation. These pieces were given to the prosecutor’s office together with the statement of the father of the child who found the helmet. But a kind policeman informed Moreanu that there will be made a housesearch to him as it is believed that he bought a golden helmet of great historical value. Moreanu. V century B. ordering to research the house and the wine warehouse of Ion Marinescu Moreanu.During the spring of 1929. Gheorghe Marinescu and the teacher Mihai Vasilache found out from the children in the school that other children had found a golden helmet on the Malaiesti hill and that some of them took pieces of it. finding out about the housesearch.1929. The decorative elements on it: a warrior. The prosecutor’s office of Prahova filed the documents to the Headquarters of the Police of Ploieşti under no. immediately went to Bucharest by train together with the golden helmet. but the money was from the golden helmet sold to Moreanu of Ploieşti. the professor Ion Andriesescu. the following remarks are made: that this piece dates from the period of the Thracians and the Scythians and it seems like it was carried by the chief of a tribe. VRABIOIU P ILIE (picture made in 1978) . during this time Alexandru Simion had made some improvements in his homestead of the Cotofenesti village. 6887. The present remarks say: the Thracian golden helmet of Poiana – Cotofenesti. Regarding the helmet. to the National antique Museum of Bucharest. and in the forehead two eyes with wings. After Moreanu handed over the golden helmet. He went straight to the antique museum and handed over the valuable piece to the legal ones receiving a reward certificate.04. animals all over him. the priest of the village. went to the Cotofenesti hamlet and during several days made researches and diggings on the spot where there was found the helmet but he did not find anything. On 14. His fellow citizens were wondering “where does he have money as he is a poor man?”.

The back one. on the inferior margin it has a frame of spiral pointed lines. it is not a helmet for fighting. the inhabitants develop a rich economic. The conception and the artistic execution of the sculptural representation on the helmet are the same as the Scythian monuments of Agighiol.the golden helmet of Cotofenesti has a form totally different from the other antique helmets. priests wearing tiaras. and the constitution of the first Romanian formations before the state. separated into two registers. and in the inferior one. the golden helmet of Cotofenesti constitutes not only an archaeological piece of first rank. where he also had a princely Court. but we can certainly say that Mihai Viteazul who governed various villages also governed in the Prahova county the villages and the estates of Baicoi. . Plopeni. with legs in the shape of snakes. the valuable thing of the national antique museum but also an extraordinary cultural vestige of the far past of our country and of the habitations of the Malaiesti hill. These representations clear us the nature of the golden helmet. which border four plates covered with sculptures. inspiring fear. Cocorastii Mislii. social and political activity. The front one represents two eyes. is certified from the period of time of Mircea cel Batran in 1413. with double curved eyebrows. For the Romanian country. arguments connected to the fact that Targsorul. It is a golden cap with seven parallel rows of conical buttons. an old commercial centre. Sarandescu of Breaza does not exclude the hypothesis that this Posada can be not necessarily on the stream of the Olt River but on the stream of Prahova river or on the stream of Teleajen River. Piscani.The professor Constantin Moisil says: . presents in the superior register fantastic people. During the period of the establishment of the feudal relations. and the big voivode Mihai Viteazul organized his military camp also in the famous forests of Vlasiei not far away from Ciobanesti (the nowadays Malaiesti and Dumbravesti). and subsequently in Ploieşti. it is not important if we agree or not with this points of view. but a precious tiara used to the big religious ceremonies. the lamented professor Dl. not war ones. fantastic animals following one another. In a study regarding the famous Posada from 1330 when Carol Robert de Anjun lost his seal in the battle with Basarab I. Its execution of thin and fragile golden plate shows that it was meant for peaceful utilization. The two lateral plates represent sacrifice scenes.

I. especially because during the preparations for the action in Transilvania. bought from Dobra. and the stream of Buzău River. In 1476. the year of the commercial treaty concluded between the voivode Dan the 2nd with the people of Braşov. Alex VV and voivode of all the land of UgroWalachia. it appears the first mention of the commercial road in 1421. bought from Stoica of Bereboiesti. the people of Braşov were informed of the fact that the roads were free for them anywhere on Rucar.10. The same road was used by Radu Serban for the passing of his army on July 1611. so that the people can carry any merchandize to Braşov and from Braşov”. On 1693. Floresti and Brasov. the Mithropoly of the Romanian Country passes the hermitage of Ciobanesti to the Zamfira monastery. But their shortest road was Serban Voda slope says Constantin Savulescu placed on the nowadays Bertea commune. after the death of the priest Vlad. July 24th. Even since 1659 Mihai Viteazul summoned the country army of the Reds and the riders in the instruction centre of Gherghita.Dragomir of Fundeni sells to priest Vlad 40 fathoms of the estate in the Sfarleanca border On 1694. the priest Vlad of the Coslegi village. Prahova. the wife of deacon Vasile of Fundeni and from her sons 2 ½ grape acres in the Ciobanestilor hill with her house and aedicules for the price of 39 thalers.10. in a document given by Vlad Tepes. the voivode remained mostly on the territory of Prahova. on the stream of Drajnei River. The priest Vlad builds at Ciobanesti an hermitage dedicated to the Mithropoly of the Romanian Country. In the letter of Jupan Albu of 1431. the instruction of the army for passing in Transilvania being made nearby Ploieşti. May 29th. . teleajen. The main army forces began on the 04. connecting each estate to the other and each fathom” was registered in the surveying sheet. most of the historians believe that the army went through Braşov. pointing out the part of each of them with top boundary stones. “On 1624. the voivode with part of his soldiers went over the mountains on the 05. it appears the mention “GOLD” a toponymic name found also on this date in Malaiesti village. April 28th – the Judgement Book – Constantin Brancoveanu V. then on the stream of this river up to Transilvania. The action of Mihai Viteazul of strengthening of the prestige of the Romanian Countries produced new hopes for the inhabitants of the habitations of the stream of Varbilau. dividing first the fathoms of the hermitage near the limit of Malaeasca. with all its fortune. then on the stream of Teleajen River. and of the Slanic River it dates from 1429.The position of the Plopeni and Ciobanesti village in the connection point of the Teleajen River with the Varbilau River. . priest in Varbilau. “divided the fathoms. Targoviste. which is the same with the road of Teleajen and the road of Sarii. in the fight with Gabriel Batori in Braşov. v decides after the judgement that priest Vlad should own the grapes of the Ciobanesti hill. it was requested “to let the roads free. Among the written documents attesting the existence of the habitations of the stream of Varbilau River. to the people of Braşov. The disagreements between the freeholders that possessed the estates on the Teleajen River and on the Varbilau River on the 7. on the stream of of Zeletin River. On 1681. Even with the settlement made in 1665.04.1599 says P P Panaitescu on the shepherds’ roads.1665 “came to an agreement. in the document written by Tudor logophete in the Targoviste Castle. the son of Radu Voivod. by the wish of God. Gherghita.15999 of Ploiesti. when the voivode Dan the 2 nd strengthens the government of the Ciobanesti and the Poienile Varbilaului villages of certain aristocrats. In March 1532. Buzau. various aristocrats occupy by force a part of the freeholders’ estates. I myself gave this order to Popa Vilsan with the sons of dumitru and Neacsa and Stana and their sons to be their estate in CIOBANESTI. up to the Buzău River. April 23rd. Saac county”.

On August 6th. And this long estate. goes together with that on the border. a grape on the Cuib. On 1752.On 1697. estate borders belonging to the hermitage. of South Saac. May 25th. .Deed by which Dragomir of Fundeni sells his part of the estate between Teleajen and Varbilau (Malul Vinetii) to his uncle or the monk Bogoslav. January 21st – the testimony of several peasants of Ciobanesti regarding the gift made by the priest Vlad to the hermitage and its assignment to the Mithropoly of the Romanian Country. . April 20th” from the judgement. it was decided: “Tanase remains in peace and peaceful and to own . along the Teleajen river. they showed us the claim they made to His Highness. On 1709. which is entirely part of the hermitage. on the Ciobanesti hill for the price of 17 thalers. mister Serban Cantacuzino judges the cause and gives to Stanciul the part of Visa. June 25th – Deed by which Sima and his brothers. being bailiffs also to other participators of there. which extends up to the stream of Runcu river”. In 1702. 620 fathoms.Deed by which “I tanase Turcu ot teisani gave my deed to my uncle Patru Turcu for three large baulks and a smaller one of grape. 402 fathoms.Deed by which priest Vlad of Ciobanesti assigned to the Mithropoly of Bucharest the wooden hermitage of Ciobanesti and his entire fortune. On 1706. the part of the nun. asking them what they had to say on the request of the abbot. the Stilpeni freeholders. September 6 . bought before him by Matei Stolnicul.South Saac it is mentioned “Tanase should own a baulk of grape of Malaestii. On 1710. On 1752. daughter of Radu Piticu Bodcescu of Stefesti. strengthens to Constantin Sin Gheorghe. sells to the bailiff of Izvoare a place of 45 fathoms of the Stefesti village. prefect of Bucharest. in the Radai stream. namely: Stanciuleasca and Malaiasca. Dumitran and Stan. June 26th. November 18th. voivodal book for the estate of Moranelu (Malaestii). in front of Stavar zet Popa Cernat I with Voinea and with Constantin. estates of Stanciuleasa. July 18th. and this estate – they say – borders on two other frontiers. On 1797. The document of 1780 mentions the fact that several freeholders of the Teisani village owned properties in the Malaesciilor Hill on which there were planted grapes and press houses and wine cellars for keeping the wine produced. whom. After his claim. down side of Valea Glodului. they also chosen an estate near 218 fathoms. . . On 1703. both inalienable as well as other places blocked by gift and purchase. the Divan bailiff. am estate bought from the sons of Vlad Virjoghie. The document of June 6th. named Valea Stalpului. which he received from his uncle Ion free of charge on the conscription of 1757. sell to priest Vlad an acre of grape and an acre of fallow on the Bucov hill for the price of 37 thalers. “there were made part of the hermitage. 1741 – the judgement book by which Alecsie vel clucer Za Margine (a village disappeared belonging to the Malaescii commune) deputy ot South Saac. On 1734. inherited from his mother and which his uncle Dima had sold while he was in foreign countries. January 24th – the book of the mithropolite priest Neofit to the aristocrats by which Stefan Egumenul of the Ciobanesti hermitage is obliged to pay the rent. buyers with deeds. chir Gherasim complained to your Highness saying that the saint monastery has an estate in South Saac. pious abbot of the saint monastery Valenii. up to the margin of the stream of the Radai River.priest Valeanu requests the establishment of the top boundary stones for 620 fathoms. May 22nd. on half. by which they show that they had an inheritance estate named Stilpenii and Stanciuneasa and Malaieasca and within its borders there was also the saint monastery Valenii. April 10th – Stana the wife of priest Vlad of Slanic. to the priest Vlad of Ciobanesti. On 1797. in Malaescii to hold them and to make a sarindar for the monks”. June 12th – Anaphora – Dear Lord.Vlad Izgorea of Poienile Varbilau sells to priest Vlad 2 and a half acres of grape with cellar place. as well as half of those in front of the houses. Deed by which Radu the logophete of Stilpul sells to priest Vlad a place. December 12th. On 1750. on Your Highness’s order. with 11 thalers. 1780 . brought it before us.

Ion Gherasim Gorjanu. the peasants of Malaestii. Pana. sent to Malaesti under the notification 4337 dated June the 1st 1848 requesting the inhabitants “according to the desire of the Interim Government . certify – I. Nae – the leader of the village Malaestii along with Ion Rotaru. Though the news were difficulty spread. In the county there activated several propaganda commissioners among the leader being the teachers David Almasan. certify – Malaescii. to appear together with Tudorache of Malaescii in the cause he has for debt – August 15th. was leaded by Nicolae Balcescu. arguing that the masters have dissolved the compulsory service. an estate which descends from Balan Bugheanu. they abolished him and they request to the leadership to oblige him to give them back all the documents handed to him – May 22nd. the administrator of the estate addresses to the Lieutenant Domnesti a new complaint showing that up to the present the inhabitants have fulfilled the agreed obligations. Writer of the statement of the above mentioned persons – Z. the loans taken during the winter. for the price of 37 thalers – year 1801. several villagers of Malaesti enlisted in the National Guard /Guardia Nationala. refusing the performance of the agricultural works on the estate of Malaestii. next to Malaescii. who even since 1813 have revolted. Nicolae Protopopescu of Valenii is called on September 19th. Zanoaga. but most of them refuse to work. we signed in writing. that the ones in Valeni had left with the country's flag in order to support the revolution. Mateiu Fasole. urged the inhabitants to disobeyance and revolt. also influenced by the hammers and the maglas of the salt-mines of Slanic.” And those of us who are educated. paying the tax for the property as usual. Mazilu. 1849.. for such reason Sotir Papadopolu. Ghinea Istratoiu. were aware that in Ploiesti. as prefect was appointed by the order of Nicolae Golescu. used to patrol the village in order to provide the public order. September 25th. Ionita and Tudor Vrabioiu of Malaescii show to the county’s leadership that. Sandu Rotaru and Herea Hircea. An important moment of the fight against the discontents was the revolution of 1848 which. the peasants raised to battle. for confirmation. certify – I. until the enforcement of the new laws” On the occasion of these special events of 1848. In the entire county of Prahova the administrators of the villages changed. – I Vilsan sin Stan Paraschivoiu – I.that during the current year he should observe the mutual obligations according to the old decisions. certify – I. both with zapis and catastih. In the first half of the XIX century there took place several social disturbances in the region. Soare sin Dumitru. his part of the estate of the Ciobanesc border. Mateiu Mazilu. that as a result of the order received under 1939 traveled to the estate of Malaestii to settle down the conflict between the villagers and the estate's administrator. to be known that Marin Arsene and Dumitrascu Blidaru have been their adscripts since they took the possession of the Ciobanesti estate and until now. inhabitants of Valenii I of the Malaescii village. Moreover. asking the village’s representatives to put the seal of the village. This is true and for confirmation we signed with the finger. I D Petrescu etc. 1845. August 15th – the proof “We the undersigned.. besides our signatures. On 1851. C./ ss / Nicolae Archivist”. By August 28th 1848 the conflict was not ended. due to the fact that Nae Nicolau of Valenii did not do his duty as bailiff. The administrator Campu reported with the notification 4613 to the administrator of the county of Prahova. as we know. in August. Mateiu sin Ionita Vraboiu. Sfarleanca. I Ionita Sumitrescu – know they were adscripts. . the peasants had found out about the dissolution of feudal obligations during the revolution. the next year. I D Negulici.everything as there were owned until now – registered in the county’s register . I know they were adscripts. prefect appointed by the order 3753 of the Minister of Home Affairs. certify – I. The peasants refused to pay their cash duties. give this document to the logophete Nicolae Protopopescu and to the mother of Alexandru sin Gh. his cousin. Sima the Parish Clerk sin Stoica Isbasa ot Valenii with his son and his grand children from his daughter selles to Pana the prefect sin Soare his cousin and to the priest Vlad zet to Dragomir.

village Dumbravesti. Alexandu Ioan Cuza had been elected Ruler of Moldavia. 14 places had been allotted for the Town Assembly. though difficult years. Romania. In 1856. meetings and discussions. The inhabitants of Malaiesti went in two directions and contributed in the Union of the Principates and of the reforms during the age of Alexandru Ioan Cuza. Their representative was Ene Cojocaru from Filipestii de Padure. until now the inhabitants of the village Malaestii contributed more or less in the achievement of secular wishes. aged around 21. the district's administrator. In the spring of 1871. the news of his election filled in with joy the hearts of all Romanians. It is to be noticed that the peasants of Malaesti were aware of their choices for delegates and deputies in the Ad-hoc assembly and election assembly. 16268 peasants took part in the county of Prahova who elected 536 delegates from 268 villages. represented years during which the fight for national ideals. left with his bag on his shoulder. the one elected in 1848 in the Ownership Commission. The newspaper “Concordia” of April the 26th 1857. On the travel of Alexandru Ioan Cuza to Bucharest. he stopped for the night in Ploiesti. accurately described the situation and the desire of unity of the villagers. nuts and a piece of boiled polenta. ham. The events that took part shortly after the merging of the Romanian Principates had been the conquering of the independence on May the 9th 1877. while during the second part the lists for electors have been finalized. containing a few boiled eggs. The elections for the Ad-hoc assembly were organized from 7 to 16 September 1857. The first days were in Dumbravesti. free and independent state in the Balcans. The following years. in the spring of 1859. the crown manifested by patriotic songs. In the elections. In the county of Prahova the board consisted in 6 persons. on January the 24th 1859 being elected also Ruler of Walachia /Tara Romaneasca. In the evening of January the 24th 1959 the joy spread in the entire county of Prahova. that appeared also in the county of Prahova. the rulers stayed in Ploiesti for one night and promised to return for the organization of the military camp of Floresti. From Prahova.The peak of the revolution of 1848 in Prahova was attained on the days of 7. born on June the 5th 1850 has been recruited in the pedestrian army and allotted to the battalion II Hunters. the highly important area of Romania. the independence brought “in front of the history” the soldier Grigore Ion. by the mid March. The inhabitants of the village of Malaiesti contributed in the reception of Alexandru Ioan Cuza and on February the 7th 1859. . Still in 1857 in the first part had been clarified the issues related to the elections for the Ad-hoc assembly and the Town Assembly. by the voice of Prince Carol I. when the union committees were established. emerged lots of heroes of our nation in the war for independence and unity of 1877 – 1878. put on the throne on May the 10th 1866 tried to avoid the war. smoked prunes. approaching the diplomacy way finding that there is no need for a strong. the son of Ion and Ilinca Olteanu of the village Dumbravesti. prepared and started by Russia determined us to sign the agreements of Livadia and Bucharest establishing that Romania gets into war for conquering the independence. when the snow was still laid on the hills. the unity and the independence would not cease. Firstly the inhabitants of the village Malaestii waited for the elections “communities of ploughmen” consisting in approximately 25000 ploughmen. two magistrates and three citizens with right for voting in elections. The most famous military units of Prahova that acted in 1877 are : the Military unit 7 Dorobanti and Battalion 2 Hunters The peasant Grigore Ion in the village of Malaesti. the first village meetings were organized. If. The Russian – Turkish war. On January the 5th 1859. In the rural part. Malaesti and Plopeni . 8 September when in the presence of huge masses of people the Organic Regulation had been burnt out.

fearing that Osman Pasa shall experience a certain victory. The beautiful uniform of the Hunters and their wisdom made him worthy of such honor. On 13/25 May. The 4 years of military service – with the hunters. the great Russian major state. on the second Sunday in the evening. Friday. keeping all troops prepared. On the right flank of the carefully arranged troops were the Battalion II Hunters. Cross the Danube wherever you want. The Batallion II Hunters started from Bucharest to Corabia on June 17/29. to Plevna. the battalion II Hunters has been temporarily retained in Bucharest for the garrison service. The first battle for conquering the reinforcement of Plevna.that would suffice for two days. after having crossed the Danube. instructing them to call all the reserves of the permanent army. until Ploiesti and then to Bucharest. The Turkish are ruining us. the IInd battalion Hunters was sent to Nicopoli and the next day. considered elite troops both from the point of uniforms and pedestrian arms. On the other hand. with the same rank they entered the Battalion II Hunters. The same day. the officers and the military superiors being demanding in preparing for battle their soldiers. where he got on May 10/22. The division IV. Grigore Ion is discharged. but he ordered the Ivth division. on 9/21 May left the town of Oltenita and directed to Bucharest. the Russian Emperor Alexandru II visited our capital. was sent to reinforce the troops at Muselin – Selo. from the heights behind the village Saicova. and to fulfill his duty for the country. he barely knew how to write his name that he had learned from the teacher Matache Radulescu. It is true that he was not very educated. the chairman of the Council of Ministers IC Bratianu. of which the IInd batallion Hunters was part of. until this service has been entrusted to the City Guard. because meanwhile the situation of the countries in the Balcanic peninsula became more and more pressing. had his army in a desperate condition. on the high hill of Cotroceni. . had been run by the Russians with a few units of the IXth body. the troops of these divisions had been reviewed by the ruler Carol. at dawn and reached the destination on June 26th /July the 8th . But the happiness of his home did not last for long. to put them in motion upon the first order. Out of the units forming the IVth division. went to the quarter of the Emperor Alexandru and great Duke Nicolae. as you wish but come quickly to help us. difficulty passed. on June 20th / August 1st to cross at Nicopoli and head for Plevna. In the evening of April the 1st 1877. During the stay of the Battalion II Hunters in Bucharest. after nine walking days. the ministry of war sent a telegraphic order to the territorial divisions’ leaders. due to the Turkish Empire leadership. In 1875. i.e. in 1860. One year after his discharged he joined a woman for life. the Christian cause is at a loss” When the ruler Carol received this worrying telegram he did not expect to regulate the mutual relations between the two armies. under the ruling of the general Gheorghe Manu. addressed to the ruler Carol the following telegram: “TO HIS HIGHNESS RULER CAROL AT POIANA:” “Help us. Eventually. that had suffered great losses in the two battles and had been beaten and obliged by the Turkish troops to withdraw. soldier. the daughter Olteanu in the village of Dumbravesti.

the major Alexandru Candiano – Popescu has been appointed in command. formed the avant-garde of the IVth division. so that the world could see that we are worthy of our ancestors. His desire to command the IInd battalion Hunters without commander has been met at 8 in the morning of the day of August 30 / September 11 and at 12 hours. CORPORALS AND SOLDIERS” “In a great day. . Right after his introduction the major Candianu Popescu held an inflamed speech: “OFFICERS. heading from Saicova to Kapriva and occupying the position at Brislani. the Front regiment 7 and an artillery troop. in front of us there is the pagan enemy.On July the 27th /August 8th. the battalion II Hunters. the order being signed by the general Cernat. the brave hunters of Ploiesti were on the first line. their trust inme is grounded on my trust in you. And we are fighting with courage. The battalion II Hunters. and next to us there are the Russians. given at Verbita. I was appointed your commander. In three days. allies that have faith in the cross just as us. even on the day of the assault he was introduced to the troop by the kernel Grigore Boranescu. According to the order of the day. but a day of danger. of a country fighting for defending our homes and its independence. under number 54 of August the 29th 1877. On August 27th. the commander of the active army. a town located 8 km North East of Plevna order that on August the 30th /September 11th put in motion the army to enter in the history of famous battles of Grivita for conquering Plevna in Bulgaria. the Battalion II Hunters was in the IInd line. when the redan of Grivitei enters into the possession of the Romanians. SUB-OFFICERS. There are ages since the Romanians have not seen a more beautiful day than today. that we are true fighters. without a commander. On August 5/17. the avant-garde of the IVth division under the command of the kernel Grigore Cantili is heading from Brislani to Calisovatu. I am proud of the trust of my superiors.

The others were in front of the enemy redoubt when the officers thrown themselves in the middle of the soldiers shouting “Ahead. besides being Romanians. strongly defended by the flag or corporal Lovin Costache. If we are to die. one can stand in a rain of bullets. wherever you hide. You. 1877 MAJOR ALEX. children!” As a result of the attack of the Battalion II Hunters on the redoubt Grivita. Do not forget that many of you. BEFORE THE START OF THE BATTLE FOR CONQUERING THE REDOUBT GRIVITA Do not be afraid of death. Do not give up. it will find you.TUESDAY. be the first during war. our high and heroic leader. with a strong will and heart we meet our fate and duty on the battlefield. we shall be awarded and honored by the country” The attack has been set for 3 in the afternoon. soldiers! To me happiness means dying today. have been the first during peace. soldiers of the Battalion Hunters. damaged by the enemy’s fire had gathered around the flag. the soldiers get into it and a life and death battle is conducted . cause the fate has written a name on each bullet. The soldiers. children! The Christian God is stronger than the Pagan God. CANDIANO – POPESCU SPEAKS TO THE SOLDIERS OF THE IIND BATTALION HUNTERS. you are from Ploiesti. AUGUST 30th . . therefore the glory of this town depends on you. Do not be afraid of death. exhausted. unless you are doomed to die of bullet. soldiers. With trust in God and in our fate. if you are doomed to die at a bullet. and not be touched. for I am fighting for the law and for our beloved Ruler. we shall be remembered by our people to whom we assure the life by the our blood and if we are to survive. the Battalion II Hunters had several attempts for conquering the redoubt Grivita but it had suffered huge losses due to the Turkish battery located on the road. the Turkish are laughing at us and take our redoubt.

colonel Sevfet. he stood up and strongly grasped the hunter putting him on the in the mud. While keep running. But when he was preparing to shoot. 40 years of age was not touched. The Turkish flag had to be taken to Plevnita. but for not losing their lives for nothing. ran to him and shot him. During this time the flag unfolded. ordered by Sevfet to fight to death. . cause the other dies in vain.TUESDAY. before the redoubt was occupied by the hunters. Grigore Ion. The flag was folded on a stick not to be seen and recognized by anyone. quickly raised and stick the bayonet in his chest. But they admitted later that they fled not for fearing death. The Turk. AUGUST 30TH 1877 BATTALION II HUNTERS ATTACK THE REDOUBT GRIVITA A part of Turks surrendered. and he turned with the face to the Romanians. And it was then that the Turkish flag holder was striving in the crowd. keeping away from the Russians standing in his way. a short man. the ones in charge to its protection removed it earlier. The soldier Grigore Ion seeing the Turk at the ground with the flag of the redoubt. they closed its way. a part fled to Plevnita with the leader of the redoubt. a strong man. the Turkish flag holder stumbled and fallen on the ground.

but fortunately the sergeant Stan Gheorghe and the corporal Nica Vasile. Prahova.The Turk felt he was going to die and kept his flag at his chest. in the village of Malaesti village Dumbravesti. The soldier Grigore Ion. They put the Turks at the ground and the flag is conquered by Grigore Ion. besides the flag got his hunter hat hit by three bullets and the tuft broken in two by the 4th bullet. in reserve – “glotas” as he was called. both of the Battalion II Hunters. Grigore Ioan other two Turks got on him to bring back the flag. come to help the Romanian soldier. GRIVITA 30th AUGUST 1877 THE ATTACK OF THE SECOND BATTALION OF HUNTERS THE SOLDIER GRIGORE ION FIGHTS TO CONQUER THE TURKISH FLAG .

a peasant living in the hamlet Dumbravesti. the commander of the fourth division ordered to the major Candiano Popescu to go with the Turkish flag and the three brave men to Poradim.THE THREE BRAVE MEN THE SERGEANT STAN GHEORGHE THE CORPORAL NICA VASILE AND THE SOLDIER GRIGORE ION THE CONQUEROR OF THE TURKISH FLAG FROM GRIVITA The soldier Grigore Ion did not only fight with the Turks for the flag's redoubt. won laurels in the memorable day of 30th August 1877. but still holding closely the flag with his hands. the Romanians. At 1st September 1877. the sovereign's . that he fell down. For us. but after he had conquered it he had also had to fight with a captain who wanted to snatch the flag from soldier's hands. the commune Malaesti. from the Russian tsar and the Romanian leader to the last soldier fighting in the trenches. His name was praised by all Romanian and Russian soldiers. the soldier Grigore Ion was so strongly hit with the hilt of the sword in his chest by the captain. the Moon having the form of a reapinghook. all of them made of gold. Withstanding. It was an old flag. a simple soldier from the second batallion of Hunters. The captain's name was Negoescu Petre and he was leading the third company from the 16th regiment of Dorobanti. it meant the beginning of its collapse. and once you saw the unweaven edges. sewn with golden threads and surrounded by Turkish letters representing quotations from Mohammed's bible. Grivita led to the definitive autonomy as a nation. Prahova. According to the poet George Cosbuc. In its center there was the symbol of the Turkish law. and even the whole country found out and cherished the two Romanian names of the soldier: Grigore Ion. you could conclude that it had been carried in many wars. with golden tassels and with golden edges. Grigore Ion. it was a big flag made of green silk. while for the Ottoman Empire.

not to earn my esteem. After signing the peace treaty. and after requesting for permission from the Romanian leader.headquarters.” THE TURKISH FLAG IS PRESENTED TO THE KING CAROL I AND TO THE RUSSIAN TSAR. and deeply touched. who. He was decorated with the most important and famous military honours and medals that were confered to the troop for the Romanian Independence War. and the sovereign ordered to the conquerors to present the flag. he decorated this three brave men with “Saint George's cross”. the commander of the Russian army. BY THE SOLDIER GRIGORE ION After that. According to the soldierly custom. . the major and the three brave men put down the flag in front of the sovereign's feet. he addressed to Carol:”Eminence. but to get to my heart. the flag will be laid in the Romanian arsenal. According to the order released by the king Carol in 5th September 1877. where King Carol accompanied by the Great Duke Nicholas of Russia. the hat has the same value with the flag”. the following day. took it in his hands. said: “This flag is the bridge that you pass. ALEXANDER II. received them. to Alexander II of Russia. very touched. after having looked to the flag. the sergeant Grigore Ion turned back to his native place. came closer. because you have always had it. there were many Russian troops. the tsar looked at the soldier Grigore Ion and observing his hat pierced by three bullets. When the presentation took place. the soldiers were decorated with military honours. He was the only Romanian soldier who was decorated by the Russian tsar Alexander II with “Saint George's cross”. he received a small lifetime allowance (12 lei/month). and on the strength of the patent n 2039 of Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

next to the parental house on a plateau from where the look hugs all the valley Varbilaului TowardsSlanic and that of Telejenului towards Ploiesti. Thanks to this subscription. was collected the sum of 20. that was handed over to the hero. At the same time.000 lei. the newspaper “Universul” built him a house in the small village Dumbravesti.THE THREE BRAVES. a list of public subscription opened in order to help the brave sergeant Grigore Ion. . AFTER 25 YEARS SINCE THE WAR THE HEROES WITH CHESTS FULL OF DECORATIONS THE SERGEANT GRIGORE ION BETWEEN THE SERGEANT STAN GHEORGHE AND THE CARPORAL NICA VASILE In December 1911 upon the initiative of the newspaper “Universul”.

IN THE VILLAGE DUMBRAVESTI – PRAHOVA FOR THE HERO SERGEANT GRIGORE ION The hero Sergeant Grigore Ion. born and resident in the commune Malaesti. according to the death certificate no 35. closed his eyes. called Buriasu the veteran of the national independence war from 1877.THE HOUSE BUILT BY THE NEWSPAPER “UNIVERSUL” BY PUBLIC SUBSCRIPTION IN 1911. in his house from the small village Dumbravesti. on September the 19th at about 6 o-clock in the afternoon. widower at the age of 65 years old. worker. . of September the 22nd. son of the deceased Ion Burias. 1915.

with the photo. resident in the commune Malaestii. in the independence war. . related to the most glorious era of his country. 1915. The brave deed of Grigore Ion determined the admiration and the love of the whole Romanian people.. of 55 years old. 263. …………………………………………………………. the 24th of September / 7th October 1915 in the cemetery of the church from the small village Dumbravesti..THE HERO SERGEANT GRIGORE ION CAME TO HIS OLD AGES BUT WITH HIS CHEST FULL OF DECORATIONS The death statement was made by the following witnesses: Mr Tache Ion Burias. Prahova County... one of the heroes of the assault of Grivita.... relatives to the dead man.……..... The newspaper “Universul” no.. Happier than many who disappear without trace. the 23rd of September / 6th of October.. Prahova County. the brave sergeant that took the flag of the enemy... of those who built Romania Independent. as disappeared so many.. and Ion Dumitru of 68 years old.. was buried in the day of Thursday.. Grigore Ion will always be the most beautiful example of bravery for the Romanian solder.: “THE DEATH OF GRIGORE ION” “From Malaesti comes the sad news of the death of the veteran Grigore Ion. depositing it at the feet of the ruler. had: The Romania’s Star “STEAUA ROMANIEI”. on page I a. With Grigore Ion disappears another brave man... Grigore Ion... on Wednesday. Grigore Ion leaves a name.. the document being signed by Grigore Ion Dumitru mayor and registrar of the commune Malaesti. The Military Honor “VIRTUTEA MILITARA’ and all the other distinctions offered to the brave people.. an everlasting name... both workers. His name being written in the King Carol’s memoirs. – Happy him! “ – MESTUNGEAN The hero Sergeant Grigore Ioan.

defined in front of the platoon of veterans of the war form 1877 / 1878. Every year. On behalf of the Prahova county participated: Mister Spirea N. prefect’s deputy put the crown on the bier of the deceased man. Sorescu. the brave sergeant Grigore Ion. on the Independence avenue from Ploiesti. under the command of mister Major Soiculescu. on the 10 th of May. his deed being transmitted from generation to generation. Mister commander Henri Coanda. remaining for the Romanian solder the most beautiful example of bravery. . district advisor and the administrator of the district. after the end of the independence war. president of the district delegation.THE GRAVE OF THE HERO SERGEANT GRIGORE ION OF THE CEMETRY OF THE VILLAGE DUMBRAVESTI The military honors were given by a police solders platoon. Ion Apostolescu. The name of the sergeant Grigore Ion is written with golden letters in the History of our Country.

when 60 years passed from the conquest of the Grivita conning tower. in position “for honor present the weapons`” situated towards the BIG shop is identified with the hunter hero sergeant Grigore Ion. school that was given to in the year 1936. in the fights from Grivita. born in the commune Malaesti build for Grigore Ion a beautiful wooden roadside crucifix. helped by another two comrades of him. having a total height of 14 m. The monument with its base. obelisk and giant eagle. situated at the starting point of the old avenue. there is almost no commune where exist evidence in stones. and here we mention the monument of the Hunters of Ploiesti and the monument of Grigore Ion from Dumbravesti. On the La 30th of August 1937. of the gratefulness of people for those left from among them.Grivita – from the defense system of the famous fortress Plevna of Bulgaria. wood and bronze. ROADSIDE CRUCIFIX BUILT IN THE MEMORY OF TH EHERO SERGEANT GRIGORE ION IN THE MONTH SEPTEMBER 1937 BY THE PROFESSOR IOAN GEORGESCU – ARVATU . the hero that. In a small number are the monuments built exclusively for the heroes of the independence war from 1877 – 1878. the regretted professor – Ion Georgescu – Arvatu. This monument being located in front of the railway station of South Ploiesti. representing the hunters that vanquished on the 30 th of August 1877. monuments dedicated to the heroes of the wars given along the years. the most powerful Turkish conning tower . the roadside crucifix being situated in front of the general school with classes I-VIII of the village Dumbravesti. The face of the statue situated on the second pedestal with the face towards the Eminescu street. guarded by the gorgeous chest nut trees. succeeded in capturing the first Ottoman flag from the independence war. The monument of Independency of Ploiesti. worked by the plan of the architect Toma T Socolescu. with the four bronze statues.HONOR AND GRATEFULNESS TO THE HEROES OF OUR PEOPLE Walking the district form one corner to the other.

PROFESSOR IOAN GEORGESCU – ARVATU In Dumbravesti. on the 23rd of May 1971. made by the sculptor Nicolae Kruch of Ploiesti. it was also inaugurated a stone bust. THE MONUMENT OF THE HERO GRIGORE ION OF THE VILLAGE DUMBRAVESTI INAUGURATED ON THE 23RD OF MAY 1971 .

the refinery gets in the possession of the company “Petrol Latina Plopeni”.09% 2. THE CONTRIBUTION TO THE TECHNOLOGY EVOLUTION Ever since the 1700's.On the marble plaque was sculpted the inscription: Grigore Ion – 1850 – 1915. This has been recorded by Vasile Moroita and Androne Calin in the village of Plopeni who worked in this refinery. bank established on March the 12th 1908. This company continues to exploit the refinery by 1934 when the economic crisis forces it to shut down.143720 tons/year Processed crude oil . and in 1907 entered in the patrimony of the company “Columbia”. discontinuous distillation system without pre-heating – 324 tone/an. that started with three distillation boilers – discontinuous system. Bossel in Plopeni. Continuous distillation system 14048 tons/year. the situation is the following: Refineries: 1. In the end of the first war. The end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century market a period of great development of the industry and especially of crude oil processing industry. “Steaua Romana” = 47. four gas oil refineries and two for oil. leaving 300 workers without a job. Another issue to state concerning the range of the industrial and commercial business of the town is the activity of the People’s Bank Saint Dumitru. being equipped with a discontinuous battery. The owners of the refinery – Gheorghe Mateescu and Cezar Nerj failed o finish the works and sell it to the company “Titeiul”. in the hereby of the town hall of the commune Dumbravesti. During the First World War this refinery was subject to bombing attacks and was almost entirely destroyed.35% 3. on the first place was also the plant of Fr.5420 tons/year In 1898. according to the distillation capacity calculated in tons /year. the refinery “Columbia Plopeni” is on the 6 th place. located in front of the railway station (currently on this area there is the packing section of the Mechanical Plant of Plopeni). at the place so-called “La pucioase”.28% In 1907 – 1908. In 1894. monument situated at the crossing of the district road Ploiesti – Slanic with the communal road Fundeni – Sfarleanca – Dumbravesti. the classification in group I of the refineries with capacity of processing “Columbia” Plopeni Prahova holds the 6th place with the following performances: Processing capacity . . “Aurora” = 20. the existing materials and machinery are used for rebuilding the refineries “Cometa” and “Pacura romaneasca” in Ploiesti and the refinery “Latina” in the village of Plopeni. for the supply of the refinery the first gas oil duct was built under the name “the first duct Bustenari . This company commissions it and manages to process 20 wagons of crude oil in 24 hours. In 1904 as per the distribution of the processing of lamp gas. two distillation tubes for gasoline oil rectification and two boilers for oil manufacture Compliant with the balance of 1908. “Societatea de petrol – Plopeni” = 16. Eventually.23742 tons/year Extracted gasoline . the inhabitants of Ciobanesti (Malaiescii) used to exploit fuel oil from pits.Plopeni” the Anonymous Company for the Transport of Crude oil and commerce of gas oil – manager Ozinca.6583 tons/year Lamp oil . continuous battery consisting in 4 boilers with pre-heaters.

I and art. signed between the group of adherents. 3786 and recorded at A 1060/1923 of the Law Court Prahova. law promulgated by the King's . on March the 1st 1940 the “Plants Margineanca” enter into the exclusive ownership of the Ministry of Army’s Equipment /Ministerului Inzestrarii Armatei. In 1936 the village “Stejarul” located in the forest Margineanca. Zinculescu. nearby started the building of the plants “Margineanca”. the Law for the organization thereof being entirely valid. under the document authenticated under no. is established the worker colony Margineanca. and Mrs.pucioase”. it is organized as Independent Public Administration with the place of business in Bucharest. the shaft 3 existent at the place “La Gogoasa . signs and certifies the establishment of the Anonymous Oil Company “Lutetia Romana” with the place of business in Bucharest in the purpose of exploiting the oil resources of the village Malaestii. II. P Popescu Pretor. IV states “After having drafted the aforementioned agreement at art. division I a. by legal decree. Nae Marinescu. that belonged to the village Plopeni. The contract published in the Official Journal no. G. Clara Mace a la Panzoni (of French origin). owners and assignors of the underground of oil lands in the village Malaestii county of Prahova. to be concluded later on. 1923. The decree law for the organization and administration of “Plants Margineanca” as public independent administration. Ion A Apostolescu. 212/27 September 1924.On June the 4th. The art. was intended to drill 30 pumping units (the shaft 1 existent also at the time at the place “La moara Zinculescu”). A. We mention that the founders of the anonymous company “Lutetia Romana” were the following: Engineer Henri Coanda. with military scope. belonging to the Ministry of the Army’s equipment / Ministrului Inzestririi Armatei.

several investments being made in the citizens’ benefit.1989 – the village Dumbravesti.1962. so that the youth would never accept the return of those years .1939. the entire village crossed the most difficult period of history. the colony Stejarul (Margineanca). each town can write its own history in order to inform the young generation born after 1989 and of the generation to be born. consisting of 6 villages with a population of 3800 inhabitants. the village Dumbravesti experienced an economical growth. 4 kindergartens. ANGELESCU MINISTER OF FINANCES M. Starting with 1990. with a surface of only 79 ha. CONSTANTINESCU MINISTER OF JUSTICE I.Decree no. passes from the administration of the village Plopeni establishing the town Orasul Plopeni. February the 12 th 1940 CAROL MINISTERS PRESIDENT OF THE COUNCIL OF GHE. The administration of the plants “Uzinelor Margineanca” was under the supervision and control and was intended for the Ministry of Army’s Equipment /Ministerului Inzestrarii Armatei. . by the new territorial organization law. compared to the village Dumbravesti with a surface of 2995 ha. because of Communist laws. as well as at the social and cultural level. under the name “Independent Public Administration of Plants /Administratia Publica Autonoma a Uzinelor Margineanca”. 4 elementary schools. TATARASCU MINISTER OF THE ARMY’S EQUIPMENT VICTOR SLAVESCU MINISTER OF THE AGRICULTURE AND DOMAINS GHE. In 1968.03. STRATERNICESCU In 1968. Starting with 1958 . IONESCU-SISESTI MINISTER OF THE NATIONAL ECONOMY C. was considered a sub-urbane village of the town Plopeni. 1493/31. 5 churches. For this period. the land owners being obliged to unconditionally deliver their lands to the state or to get registered in CAP.

HEAD OFFICE OF THE VILLAGE DUMBRAVESTI. COUNTY OF PRAHOVA GEO-PHYSICAL MAP OF THE AREA .

Gavanel . and cable television The purchase and arrangement of a new medical centre in the village Dumbravesti. The modernization of the two elementary schools I. the asphalt paving of the communal road 16 Dumbravesti Fundeni for 2 km and pursuance ofthe project for the remaining 3. that had been destroyed in the earthquake of 1977. Typed – consultant – Suciu Robert . since the old dispensary was operating inside an inadequate building built in1921 The modernization of the residence of the Town Hall of the village Dumbravesti. its graveyard contains the grave of the sergeant hero of the Independence War 1877 – 1878 – Grigore Ion The modernization of the public lightning system indended for the security of the inhabitants and properties thereof The development plans of the village Dumbravesti extend until 2010. Assembly of a digital phone line with 600 numbers useful for the entire town. Malaestii de Jos. taking into account that on 01. and the inhabitants of Romania. Plopeni.7 km to the village Malaestii de Sus \ The reconstruction of the Church of the village Dumbravesti. social and cultural European standards. The modernization of the communal roads by stone paving and asphalt. Sfarleanca. Material gathered and arranged by the mayor State Valentin. heat plants and interior toilets. intended for cultural organization. under the name of “the Church of the Heroes – Ascension of the Lord”. Building the public utility hall in the village Plopeni. library and cabinet.2007. construction of the bridge over the river Varbilau. providing the connection between the villages Dumbravesti and Sfarleanca.01. accede in the large European Community and that our country must meet the economical.VIII Dumbravesti and Plopeni by equipment and computers. both the new inhabitants of the village Dumbravesti.The continuous supply of water of the villages Dumbravesti.

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