Deploying Cisco Catalyst 6500 Series Virtual Switching System

Rob Sloan—Product/Systems Marketing Manager Balaji Sivasubramanian—Product Manager

© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Presenters

Rob Sloan
Product/Systems Marketing Manager

Balaji Sivasubramanian
Product Manager

© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

2

Overview
 Introduction  Architecture  Operational Manageability  Deployment Considerations

© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

3

Catalyst 6500 Virtual Switching System 1440
Targeted Customer Issues
Campus and Data Center Networks Distribution
STP/HSRP

Access
Si Si Si Si

Access

Servers

NIC Teaming

Large, Complex Networks = Challenging Network Management In-deterministic Recovery from Network Failure = Business Downtime Inefficient Resource Utilization = Lost Investment Increasing Real-time Applications = Latency Sensitive
© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

4

Virtual Switching System 1440
Network System Virtualization Physical View
Active Control Plane Active Data Plane Hot-Standby Control Plane Active Data Plane

Logical View

Si

Si

Features
Network System Virtualization Multi-Chassis EtherChannel (MEC) Non-Stop Forwarding / Inter-Chassis Stateful Switch Over (NSF/SSO)
© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Benefits of VSS
Increased Operational Efficiency via Simplified Network Scale the System Bandwidth Capacity to 1.4 Tbps Boost Non-Stop Communication
5

Virtual Switch System: Concepts
Cisco Catalyst 6500 that Operates as the Active Control Plane for the Virtual Switch Defines Two Cisco Catalyst 6500s that Are Participating Together as a Virtual Switch

Virtual Switch Domain

Virtual Switch Active
Active Control Plane Active Data Plane

Virtual Switch Standby
Hot-Standby Control Plane Active Data Plane

Virtual Switch Link

Standard 10GE Link Bundle Joining the two Cisco Catalyst 6500s Allowing Them to Operate as a Single Logical Device
© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Catalyst 6500 that Operates as the Standby Control Plane for the Virtual Switch
6

Increased Operational Efficiency
System Virtualization Simplifying the Network

Si

Si

Si

Si

Traditional L2/L3
Complex STP Configuration and Management HSRP/VRRP- 3 IP Address Manage Two Nodes and Config Manage Additional Routing Peers
© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

VSS
Loop Free Topology with MEC Not Dependant on STP No HSRP/VRRP- 1 IP Address Manage Single Node and Config Manage Reduced Routing Peers
7

Increased Operational Efficiency
System Virtualization Simplifying the Network

Si

Si

Traditional L2/L3
Complex STP Configuration and Management HSRP/VRRP- 3 IP Address Manage Two Nodes and Config Manage Additional Routing Peers
© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

VSS
Loop Free Topology with MEC Not Dependant on STP No HSRP/VRRP- 1 IP Address Manage Single Node and Config Manage Reduced Routing Peers
8

Scale the System Bandwidth Capacity to 1.4 Tbps Multi-Chassis Etherchannel (MEC)
Core/Distribution Core/Distribution

Si

Si

Si

Si

Traditional L2/L3
Idling or Underutilized Links in Campus Access Standby Links or NIC Teaming on Servers Unicast Flooding Due to Asymmetrical Routing
© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

VSS
Maximum Bandwidth with Etherchannel Load Balancing Active/Active LACP to Servers to Redundant Switches No Unicast Flooding
9

Scale the System Bandwidth Capacity to 1.4 Tbps Multi-Chassis Etherchannel (MEC)
Data Center Access Data Center Access

Si

Si Si Si

Traditional L2/L3
Idling or Underutilized Links in Campus Access Standby Links or NIC Teaming on Servers Unicast Flooding Due to Asymmetrical Routing
© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

VSS
Maximum Bandwidth with Etherchannel Load Balancing Active/Active LACP to Servers to Redundant Switches No Unicast Flooding
10

Boost Non-Stop Communication
Inter Chassis Stateful Failover
HSRP STP IGP

Si

X
Si

NSF SSO
Si

X
Si

Traditional L2/L3
Configure and Maintain Multiple Control Protocols Control Protocols not Sync Needing Reconvergence Indeterministic MultiprotocolBased Convergence
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VSS
Eliminate and Minimize Control Protocols Inter-chassis SSO - No Reconvergence Deterministic sub-200ms convergence
11

Non-Stop Communications: SSO
 As of 12.2(33)SXH, there are over 90 protocols that are SSO-aware; these include information such as ARP, DHCP Snooping, IP Source Guard, NAC Posture database, etc. In a VSS environment, failure of either VS will not require this information to be re-populated again
Switch 1 Virtual Switch Switch 2

DHCP Snooping Binding Table
IP Add MAC Add VLAN Interface

10.10.10.10
172.26.18.2

00:50:56:01:e1:02
00:02:b3:3f:3b:99

10
18

Po10
Po10

172.26.19.34 10.10.10.43

00:16:a1:c2:ee:32 00:16:cb:03:d3:44

19 10

Po20 Po20

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12

Non-Stop Communications: Link Failure

Access Uplink Failure ~200 msec

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13

Non-Stop Communications: Link Failure

Active VS Failure ~200 msec

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―Cisco's virtual switch smashes throughput records‖
―The results were impressive: VSS not only delivers a 20 fold improvement in failover times but also eliminates layer-2 and layer-3 redundancy protocols at the same time‖ ―The performance numbers are even more startling: A VSS-enabled virtual switch moved a record 770 million frames per second in one test, and routed more than 5.6 billion unicast and multicast flows in another‖ ―Cisco's VSS is a significant advancement in the state of the switching art. It dramatically improves availability with much faster recovery times, while simultaneously providing a big boost in bandwidth.‖ 4.65

http://www.networkworld.com/reviews/2008/010308-cisco-virtual-switching-test.htmlth
© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Published Jan 7 2008 15

Virtual Switching System 1440
Reduces Latency and Conserves Bandwidth Traditional L2/L3 VSS 1440
Si Si Si Si

VLAN X

VLAN Y

VLAN X

VLAN Y

 VSS Simplifies Inter-VLAN Traffic Pattern  Minimum Hop to Intra-Campus and Data Center Destination
Reduced Latency 50 % in distribution layer and simplifies traffic pattern

 All links forwarding resulting in no wasted bandwidth
EtherChannel on virtual switch member enhanced to prefer local link
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16

Architecture: Virtual Switch Link
 The Virtual Switch Link is a standard 10GE link joining each physical switch together—it is used to exchange control packets and protocols synchronization packets between the two chassis.
A Virtual Switch Link Bundle Can Consist of up to 8 x 10GE Links
VS Header L2 Hdr L3 Hdr Data CRC

Virtual Switch Link

Active Control Plane

Standby Control Plane

VSL is not a backplane bottleneck. Each switch fabric independently operate at 720 Gbps for total system bandwidth of 1.4T Gbps
© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

17

Architecture: Forwarding
 In Virtual Switch Mode, while only one Control plane is active, both Data Planes (Switch Fabrics) are active, and as such, each can actively participate in the forwarding of data at 720 Gbps.
Switch 1: Control Plane Active Switch 2: Control Plane Hot Standby

Virtual Switch Domain
Switch 1: Data Plane Active Switch 2: Data Plane Active

Virtual Switch Domain
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18

Architecture: Virtual Switch Domain
 A Virtual Switch Domain ID is allocated during the conversion process and represents the logical grouping of the two physical chassis within a VSS; it is possible to have multiple VS Domains throughout the network

VS Domain 10

VS Domain 20

VS Domain 30

 The configurable values for the domain ID are 1–255; it is always recommended to use a unique VS Domain ID for each VS Domain throughout the network
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19

Operational Manageability: CLI
 Only Active Switch Console is enabled. Standby Console is disabled. Remote access via Telnet/SSH is responded by Active Switch
Virtual Switch Active Virtual Switch Standby

Active Control Plane

Virtual Switch Link

Standby Control Plane

Note: The Standby Console Is Disabled and Cannot be Used for Normal Operational Purposes
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Operational Manageability: SNMP Support
 Active Switch responds to SNMP ―Puts‖ and ―Gets‖ for both physical chassis data.

SNMP Server

SNMP Put’s

SNMP Get’s

SNMP Modified MIBs

Switch 1: Active

Switch 2: Standby

SNMP New MIBs

SNMP Process Active

SNMP Process Inactive

Virtual Switch Domain
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21

Operational Manageability: NetFlow
 In a VSS, with both Data Planes active, NetFlow data collection is performed on each Supervisor’s PFC—while NetFlow export is only performed by the Control Plane on the VS Active
Switch 1 Supervisor Virtual Switch Domain Switch 2 Supervisor

VSL VS State: Active Control Plane: Active Data Plane: Active NetFlow Collection: Active NetFlow Export: Active VS State: Standby Control Plane: Standby Data Plane: Active NetFlow Collection: Active NetFlow Export: Inactive

© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

22

Operational Manageability: Slots and Ports
 After conversion, port definitions for switches within the Virtual Switch Domain inherit the Chassis ID as part of their naming convention
PORT NUMBERING: <CHASSIS-ID><SLOT-NUMBER><PORT-NUMBER>

 Chassis-ID will always be either a ―1‖ or a ―2‖
VSS#show ip interface brief Interface IP-Address OK? Method Status Vlan1 unassigned YES NVRAM up Port-channel1 unassigned YES NVRAM up Te1/1/1 10.1.1.1 YES unset up Te1/1/2 192.168.1.2 YES unset up Te1/1/3 unassigned YES unset up Te1/1/4 unassigned YES unset up GigabitEthernet1/2/1 10.10.10.1 YES unset up GigabitEthernet1/2/2 10.10.11.1 YES unset up
<snip>

Protocol up up up up up up up up

© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

23

Introducing CiscoWorks LAN Mgmt Solution
(LMS) 3.0.1 for Virtual Switching
 Support for IOS Modularity  Centralized Mgmt of Virtual Switching Systems
VSS setup wizard Inventory, Configuration and Software Image support of VSS enabled switches Physical view of each VSS member switch

 Additional Enhancements
Identifies EOL/EOS devices

Simplifies IOS Modularity image deployments
Open ―portal‖ framework and new workflows for setup and troubleshooting
© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

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Introducing Catalyst 6500 Virtual Switching Supervisor 720-10G
 Enabled by Virtual Switching Supervisor 720-10G  1.44 Terabit System Scalability  Two integrated, line rate 10 Gigabit Ethernet Uplink ports  Investment Enhancement of Catalyst 6500/6500-E Switches  Rich services support such as NAM, firewall, wireless controller, NetFlow, MPLS/ EoMPLS

Enables End-To-End 10GbE Deployments with Integrated Virtualized Services
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Deployment: Hardware Requirements
 Only the 10GE ports on the following modules are able to support a Virtual Switch Link

VS-S720-10G-3C VS-S720-10G-3CXL

WS-X6708-10G-3C WS-X6708-10G-3CXL

Virtual Switch Link

Virtual Switch Active
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Virtual Switch Standby
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Deployment: Hardware Requirements
Both Chassis Require Single Supervisor 72010G Only WS-X67xx Series Line Cards Are Supported at initial release The Only Services Modules Supported at FCS Are the WS-SVC-NAM-1 and WS-WVC-NAM-2 Services Modules

Virtual Switch Link

Virtual Switch Active
Both E Series and Non-E Series Chassis Are Supported

Virtual Switch Domain

Virtual Switch Standby
Dual Supervisor 720-10G in Each Chassis Not Supported at initial release

Both Supervisors Must Be Running the 12.2(33)SXH1 or later Release of Cisco IOS ®

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Deployment: Additional Considerations
Deployment Considerations
 Connected nodes should always be dual-homed
MEC MEC

 EtherChannel hash modified so that local link will always have preference over remote link in same bundle  ECMP has also been modified to choose local link over link in other chassis

Virtual Switch Link

 Use LACP or ―ON‖ mode of EtherChannel to connect to Servers and Non-Cisco devices
MEC

MEC

 Maximum number of EtherChannel link bundles in Virtual Switch Domain is 128 in 12.2(33)SXH1  Minimal traffic expected to cross VSL and hence Size number of links in VSL to meet local redundancy and traffic requirements

Traffic Flow #1 Traffic Flow #2 Traffic Flow #3
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Cisco Catalyst 6500 VSS 1440
Network System Virtualization Innovation Before After

Si

Si

Si

Si

Si

Si

Si

Si

Si

Si

Si

Si

Si

Si

WAN

Data Center

Internet

WAN

Data Center

Internet

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Catalyst 6500 VSS1440 Key Benefits
• 50% less management • LMS 3.0 integration

Simplifies Operational Manageability

Boosts Non-Stop Communications

• Faster recovery • No service disruption

Si

Si

• Maximize system usage • Maximize server usage

Maximizes Bandwidth Utilization

Lowers Latency

• Optimized path selection • Increased throughput

Exceptional Investment Protection and Enhancement
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© 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

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