THE TECHNIQUES The technique I think David is referring to is a term used to describe where defensive linemen align in respect

to the offensive line. the 'techniques' ("tech" for short) are as follows (in order going from center to outside, not numerical): 0 1 2 3 4 5 7 6 9 8 tech: tech: tech: tech: tech: tech: tech: tech: tech: tech: head up on the center inside shoulder of guard head up on guard outside shoulder of guard head up on tackle outside shoulder of tackle inside shoulder of TE head up on TE outside shoulder of TE out in space past TE's alignment

2i, 4i, 6i. These techniques are for playing the inside shoulder of the guard, tackle, and end, respectively. The reason the numbers aren't in order going to the outside is because all 'head-up' alignments are EVEN numbers. All shade alignments are ODD numbers. Obviously if the DE is in a 9 tech by rule, if there's no tight end, he'd slide down to a 5 tech. The most common example of this terminology is the increasingly used term "3-tech" for the DT that lines up in the B gap. This is being used more and more, calling the two DT's a NT and a "3-tech" The terms are used on offense to help teach offensive linemen where to make their sets or where their blocking assignments are. On defensive its obviously used to teach

motion etc. He is responsible for maintaining outside leverage and not letting himself get hook or reached blocked. (1 technique) the defensive lineman is line up in the middle of the A gap. A (zero technique) would mean a nose tackle aligned noseto-nose with a center. In a 3 technique the defensive lineman is align in an outside shade of the offensive lineman. Here is a list of some of the techniques used by the linemen. Gaps in the Offensive Line When they say he is using a 3 technique. they are talking about the specify alignment and responsibilities of that lineman. (2 technique) defensive lineman is nose-to-nose with the .where the defensive linemen should line up depending on formation.

(5 technique) meant that the defensive lineman had his nose on the outside shoulder of the offensive tackle. (9 technique) meant that the defensive lineman has his nose on the outside shoulder of the offensive tight end. (30 technique) definition same as 3 technique only at linebacker. (4 technique) defensive lineman is line up nose-to-nose with the offensive tackle. (7 technique) meant the defensive lineman had his nose on the inside shoulder of the offensive tight end. (20 technique) definition same as 2 technique only at linebacker. He is responsible for maintaining outside leverage and not letting himself get hook or reached blocked by the offense. (8 technique) meant that the defensive lineman was aligned on air outside the outside shoulder of the offensive tight end. (3 technique) defensive lineman is line up in the middle of the B gap or outside shade of the guard. (10 technique) definition same as 1 technique only at linebacker depth. .offensive guard. (40 technique) definition same as 4 technique only at linebacker. (6 technique) was nose-to-nose with the offensive tight end.

a defensive lineman should address the following guidelines involving his role as a pass rusher. In order to play the pass. (80 technique) definition same as 8 technique only at linebacker depth. Defensive Line Play Versus the Pass The major part of any defensive lineman's job on game day in the National Football League is pass rushing.(50 technique) definition same as 5 technique only at linebacker depth. a defensive lineman should constantly be aware of the coaching points for the numerous pass rush techniques. (70 technique) definition same as 7 technique only at linebacker depth. For example. (60 technique) definition same as 6 technique only at linebacker depth. As a rule. a defensive lineman should never be surprised by a pass read. (90 technique) definition same as 9 technique only at linebacker depth. He should play the pass and react to the run. Pre-snap planning the move increases the quickness factor of the move. . He must anticipate that he will have to be a pass rusher on every snap. * Have a plan. regardless of the competitive level at which he plays. In reality. the professional defensive lineman will face pass protection schemes on more snaps from center than all of the other run blocking schemes combined. An effective pass rusher predetermines his move.

A shade alignment not only allows the defensive lineman to get his hat in the crack and penetrate. Whenever a move is finished. when punching his right hand over to perform a swim technique. etc.g. the defensive lineman should swing his right foot across to gain upfield position on the blocker. Forcing an offensive lineman to commit to one side is of ten the initial step in making a good move." The primary key to finishing all pass rushing moves (e. The depth of the quarterbacks drop is a factor that determines the type of pass rushing technique that is most effective in a particular situation. Such an alignment enables a defensive lineman to attack only half the man (his opponent). swims. slaps. * Recognize the pass blocker's set.. . the defensive lineman should use the same foot as his primary hand to finish the move.) is to have the defensive lineman adhere to the "same hand. a defensive lineman should crowd the ball and take a good stance. For example. grab and rip) * Keep in mind the precept "same hand. but he shouldn't tip his stance and alert the offensive lineman as to where he is going or what move he is going to make. A defensive lineman should align in an inside or outside shade. * Pass rush from a shade alignment. same foot. a short quarterback drop mandates that the defensive lineman execute a quicker pass rush move (e. it forces an offensive lineman to commit to one side. same foot" precept. For example.. Prior to the snap of the ball.g.* Maintain a consistent stance. rips.

As such. A pass rusher shouldn't jump or leave his feet to sack the quarterback. * Keep his weight and momentum going forward. The pass rushing ability of a defensive lineman is enhanced . using the quarterback's body to cushion his fall. * Spin or club the blocker when being carried past the quarterback. The defender's hands should be wielding a razor. * Run through the sack. a defensive lineman should use film study (to the extent possible. Above all else. A defensive lineman should have a counter move to every base pass rushing move.. the counter move for the rip is the re-rip or swim. a pass rusher should keep his feet moving and avoid dancing. when your original move did not work). The best pass rushers familiarize themselves with a particular quarterback's escape mechanisms. not a sledgehammer. he should use his hands in sharp movements to stun and jerk the offensive lineman. For example. * Use a counter move when caught (i.e. * Know the quarterback. A pass rusher should visualize his hands as those of a martial arts master.* Use his hands with sharp movements. Accordingly. He should run through the sack and land on the quarterback. depending on the specific resources available) to identify the opposing quarterback's escape moves. A pass rusher should never "give up" on his pass rush and allow himself to be carried past the quarterback.

He must maintain the mentality of a pass rusher on every down. Getting off on the snap with a big step enables a defensive lineman to gain a jump on up field penetration. basic defensive fundamentals.or effective neutralizing blow. These are namely a good stance. All factors considered." the defensive lineman should read drop back pass. and a persistent pursuit his practice of the proper get off technique. penetrating or blitzing. a strong attack . . If the screws pop up and the offensive lineman shows a "high hat. an escape technique. drop back pass protection is normally easily recognized by a defender who reads on the run. Since an attacking read-on-the-run lineman focuses on his get off and on gaining penetration on every snap. An offensive lineman showing a high hat should face a defensive lineman who gets his hat in the crack and attacks the pass rush lane. Essentials of Defensive Line Play Whether the emphasis is on reading. the defensive player is taught sound. he reads the screws of the offensive lineman's headgear. he should never be surprised by a high hat read. As the defender replaces his up-hand with his back foot in taking a big step.

Pursuit . Stance . Attack . 3. Escape . 2.a players ability to meet the charge of the blocker in good fundamental position. 5.the proper path and effort made in intercepting the ball carrier. Stance Somewhat Neutral Attack Defensive Disposition Neutralize Control Escape Quickness Strength Pursuit Get Your Shot Regardless of what type of defense we may use. 3. . 5. Neutralize . A pass defense is only as good as its pass rush 2.The Baltimore Ravens believe in the following five essentials of good defensive line play: 1. Breakdown of the essentials of good defensive line play vs. to get them out of control and to throw them aside is essential to a good pass rush. we will always emphasize five cardinal points.the defensive blow delivered to stop an opponents charge in order to maintain control. 2. The ability to apply devastative power to blockers. 4. The Running Game: 1. Principles of rushing the passer 1. 4.the ability with which you control and/or shed the blocker.the proper body position and weight distribution a lineman must have to enable him to make quick powerful movements in any direction with ease.

force elevation of throw or make him pull it down. Keep your eyes on the passer while your hands. If you have not reached the passer. 2. get in on a clean up tackle or recover a fumble. Keeping your momentum towards the passer without lost motion. 6. head and feet get you there. Get reputation for being hard throw over knock at least one pass down per game. 11. 7. 8. We must get penetration into the throwing zone and force the passer to move from the pocket divert his attention. Once the ball is thrown. This will make you more effective with your hand grabs. sprint in direction of throw to block for an interception return. At last instant. Anticipation of a pass determined by field position and down and distance. stop and work back through your lane. in case of short pass. 9. 10. swipes. feet and head movements. get the hands up as he starts to throw to block the ball. raise arms high and force passer to throw out of well 5. and throws. pulls. Coordination of the hands. Keeping your shoulder forward of the feet to prevent blocker from getting under you. Basic fundamentals Regardless of the technique you use. Note: Working on strengthening the hands and arms daily. Immediate pass recognition predicated on offensive movement. 3. Only second efforts will do the job 4. Try to pin the blocker down quickly and free yourself to get to the passer (exception: shoulder drive). Whatever your physical traits may .3. 5. 4. there are basic fundamentals that are vital in order to be effective: 1. If you are blocked out of your lane. Quickness and decisiveness on your initial move.

the blocker generally is over extended and easily pulled or thrown off balance. pop. Quickness in getting by this type blocker before he can regain his recoil position is important. cut or ride. 2. pride and desire to excel have no peers. mental toughness. Always strive to get one leg over the cut block to insure maximum recoverability. It is an aggressive head block from the numbers up under the chin and recoiling back to position for a follow up. Rider: Blocking uses the rushers reactions and momentum to keep him out of the pocket. with a counter move off of each. The use of the hands in pulling this blocker aside or head faking with a pull is effective. maneuverability and use of his hands to ward off hand grabs. A rusher should jump or limp-leg this blocker occasionally. 3. He relies on his balance. Quick action: An aggressive head block through the groin designed to tie . He is susceptible to the pull and swipe. Pop & recoil: This technique is used to stop the overpowering type player. Set & cut: Generally employed by shorter players often used on short passes and as a change of pace for the overpowering type rusher and arm swiper. Aggressive: This is a butt block used on play action passes. Techniques of pass blocking 1. 5. The fake of a run to disguise the pass holds the defender momentarily. He is most susceptible to the shoulder and quick drive. however.

He is ready for the fake shoulder drive and throw off-shoulder. arm and hand swipe. pull or throw. 4. 1.up the legs and keep the hands down on short passes. It is to your advantage to widen your position slightly or drive directly upfield to avoid immediate contact with blocker. Force the blocker back into the QB. and must your first technique because it sets your man for all other escape moves. It is vital that the inside shoulder is forward and under the blocker and hold your leverage and momentum throughout the drive. You are sprinting to a point and attempting to defeat your opponents poor footwork and quickness. Should also be used when QB does not step back into the pocket to give blocker advantage. Quick drive: This is the speed escape designed to outrun the blocker that sets inside too much. It is designed to defeat the rider type blocker that lacks strength or sets inside too much. Pass rush techniques 1. 2. 1. 3. has slow footwork or crosses over to engage the rusher. The . This is an all-out assault to whip your man physically. This technique is susceptible to quick pull or jumping over blocker. No head fakes. Once you have been successful you have forced the blocker to commit his strength to stop you. but simply a Power thrust at the point where the QB sets up. 2. Shoulder drive: Strong surge over outside shoulder of offensive lineman.

s simultaneously stepping away form him on side you intend to escape. reach over his shoulder with your inside arm and catapult yourself free from his block in the direction of the passer. 2. the rusher should combine a quick thrust.o.o. 3. 4. An inside head fake is a good combination as it is an even more effective technique if the blocker is leading away form your move. You are faking a rush and pulling the blocker that sets towards you or to l. Fake an inside or out rush with a strong hand grab n the shoulder pads good head fake important. 3.s. 1. Along with the reaching technique.o. simultaneously stepping away from him on the side you intend to escape. Jerk blocker towards l. Simultaneously with this pull. 2.ideal time to exploit this is on an inside blitz. A quick head fake inside your initial move is often effective.s. Jerk blocker towards l. aggressive control or one who gets his head down and his weight committed forward. Counter This move is opposite the throw. it is good against pop and recoil type. 1. . 2. Swim Charge the blockers outside and grand pull his shoulders with your outside hand.

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