This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
tobacco and animal foods ● Coal ● Metals and metal alloys Technically. potentially explosive atmospheres. The temperature required for the ignition of the dust layer is generally lower than the ignition temperature of a dust/air mixture. will persist for a short period only. How do dust explosions occur? Whenever an ignitable mixture of combustible dust and air occurs. e. the damage potential of dust explosions is often enormous. Zone 21: A place in which an explosive atmosphere in the form of a cloud of combustible dust in air is likely to occur in normal operation occasionally (p. depending upon their composition. The Cooper Crouse-Hinds GmbH offers a comprehensive range of electrical apparatus for safe use in potentially explosive dust atmospheres. approved apparatus for use in potentially explosive dust atmospheres.Dust Explosion Protection – What is it? One spark can be enough! Where can dust explosions occur? Combustible and. whereby. e. . if it does occur. “Combustion and Explosion Characteristics of Dusts”. resin and rubber can also produce combustible dusts and. The BIA Report. therefore. issued by the Association of Commercial and Industrial Workers’ Compensation Insurance Carriers contains important information on this. As the amount of energy released can be extremely high. the dust-air mixtures are more or less likely to ignite. or for long periods or frequently (p. potentially explosive dusts occur more often than you think: For example. The ignition of the mixture can result in a chain reaction. the fact that combustible dusts also represent a large hazard source is not taken into consideration. Zone 21 Zone 20 Subdivision of potentially explosive dust atmospheres into zones by way of example of a Bag emptying station without exhaust ventilation (Example see EN 61241-10 App. inside a filling hopper). as a result. A) It is a generally known fact that combustible gases can form potentially explosive mixtures. How can dust explosions be avoided? Together with constructional and organisational measures. When assessing the safety aspects of installations with a potentially explosive dust atmosphere. during the processing of ● Organic products such as wood and fibrous materials ● Foodstuffs. alcohol. chemical products made of plastic. numbers relating to the ignition temperatures of dust layers and ignition temperature of clouds present an important means for the prevention of explosions. immediate vicinity of hopper. Dust Ex zone subdivision: Zone 20: A place in which an explosive atmosphere in the form of a cloud of combustible dust in air is present continuously. it can be ignited by an ignition source. however. However. during which further explosions can be set off due to dust being stirred up. more often than not. normally in a radius of 1 m) Zone 22: A place in which an explosive atmosphere in the form of a cloud of combustible dust in air is not likely to occur in normal operation but. With combustible dusts it is also necessary to take the possibility of glow fires due to dust layer into account. the explosion risk can be minimized by the choice of suitable.
distribution boxes and switches. in particular in areas where dust is produced. This makes the maintenance and servicing of your installations particularly safe and easy. The Cooper Crouse-Hinds GmbH has dust explosion-protected switches.reliable. safe and explosion-protected. escape sign luminaires show the way safely. mixers and conveyor systems in dust Ex atmosphers: shall all be in explosion-protected design and they all depend on electric power . the Cooper CrouseHinds GmbH has a complete range of installation technology products for use in areas with potentially explosive dust atmospheres. intermediate motor terminal boxes and plugs and sockets for the safe power supply of your drives. Therefore.Cooper Crouse-Hinds GmbH – your partner for dust explosion protection Electric drives and lighting Mills. And not only that: the drives can be isolated from the mains easily and visibly simply by means of plugs and sockets. . Together with junction boxes. while. Potential hazards can only be determined and accidents prevented if the visibility is good. safe illumination is absolutely essential. Dust explosion-protected luminaires and floodlights provide reliable lighting here. even in the event of a power failure.
After all. Stringent test criteria for computer-supported testing of light fittings to guarantee the quality of products supplied . The details relating to the explosion protection in the operating instructions are also included in this test. as the prerequisite for the manufacture of explosion-protected products is an approved quality assurance system that has been certified by an independent testing authority. the testing authority confirms this suitability and grants approval. electrical apparatus for use in areas with potentially explosive dust atmospheres is subject to a comprehensive system of quality assurance measures. because with this the manufacturer of a product confirms that the design conforms to the directives and that all the quality assurance measures have been fulfilled. Zone 22 apparatus is also submitted to a type examination by a testing authority and the compliance of the test results with the requirements of the directive is confirmed in a “Conformity Statement” issued by the testing authority.Cooper Crouse-Hinds GmbH – your partner for dust explosion protection Safety through quality Quality assurance procedure for apparatus dust explosion protection As with apparatus for use in areas with potentially explosive gas atmospheres. This confirms that the manufacturer operates a quality assurance system with documentation and regular supervision (ATEX audit) by an independent testing authority. sometimes it is necessary to do more than the legislator requires. CE symbol All electrical apparatus for use in potentially explosive dust atmospheres has to be submitted to a conformity assessment procedure. It goes without saying that all the CEAG brand products have this symbol. Moreover. Version 2000). Apparatus for use in potentially explosive dust atmospheres in Zones 20 and 21 (categories 1D and 2D) has to be tested by an notified body with regard to the explosion protection to determine if they are suited for use in these areas. With the issue of the EC-Type Examination Certificate. CE symbol The drawing up of a declaration of conformity with the CE symbol affixed is the basic requirement for the marketing of a product in the EC area. The control criteria applied here by far exceed those of the general ISO certification (to ISO 9001. the technical documentation confirming the compliance of the apparatus with the directive is included in this control. after all Cooper Crouse-Hinds GmbH is a leading manufacturer of explosion-protected products and. Zone 22: Stringent production control Electrical apparatus for use in potentially explosive dust atmospheres in Zone 22 (category 3D) is also subject to a stringent internal production control to ensure the constant high quality of the products. This starts with the manufacturer himself. it operates a quality assurance system in compliance with the directives. Zones 20 and 21: Apparatus with EC-Type-Examination-Certificates. as such. And as safety and quality are always given top priority at Cooper CrouseHinds GmbH.
including warning devices. to CENELEC Apparatus category Apparatus category 1D Are present constantly. for long periods or frequently Zone 20 II ● ● Occur accasionally Occurrence due to stirred-up dust not probable. in this case. various time limits and deadlines can apply. are designed. ATEX Directive 1992/92/EC of the European Parliament and Council dated 16 December 1999 (also known as ATEX 137 or ATEX 118a) defines the uniform minimum regulations for both gas and dust explosion protection within the European community for the improvement of the health and safety protection of workers that could be at risk due to a potentially explosive atmosphere.Cooper Crouse-Hinds GmbH – your partner for dust explosion protection Dust Explosion Protection under European Law in a given apparatus group and apparatus category in accordance with Directive 94/9/EC (ATEX 95 or 100a) may be used in potentially explosive dust atmospheres. c e a g . It goes without saying that CEAG brand products conform to the valid ATEX directive for use in potentially explosive dust atmospheres. to directive 1999/92/EC ● Classification of potentially explosive atmospheres CENELEC/IEC Required marking of apparatus to be used acc. Among other things. Thus. unless stipulated otherwise in the explosion protection document. changes are permitted during the conversion of the directive into the national laws of the member states. the operator of an installation has to ensure that an explosion protection document is issued and is kept up to date. Directive 1999/1992/EC sets time limits and deadlines for the introduction of the minimum requirements for working materials and workplaces for new installations and for the adaptation of existing installations in which potentially explosive atmospheres can occur. but if they occur. As. These are selected according to the different zones for potentially explosive dust atmospheres (see table). Within the scope of his duties according to Article 8 of Directive 1999/92/EC. Nr. Zone 21 and Zone 22. this explosion protection document shall show the following: Combustible dusts in potentially explosive atmospheres Probability of the occurence of an explosive dust/ air mixture acc. operated and service safely ● The zone classification for the hazardous areas ● the respective national rules and regulations shall be observed here. depending upon the respective situation. eLLK 92036/36 Directive 1999/92/EC stipulates criteria relating to the choice of explosion-protected apparatus that are obligatory for the operator. It should be noted that. then only rarely or for short periods Zone 21 Zone 22 II II 2D 3D That the explosion risk has been determined and assessed ● That technical and organisational measures have been taken to fulfil the safety goals of the directive ● That the workplace and the working materials. This also applies to the introduction of the new three-zone classification of potentially explosive dust atmospheres into Zone 20.: D123456 PTB 96 ATEX 2144 II 2 G EEx ed IIC T4 II 2 D T80°C IP66 2000 0102 110-254 V 50-60 Hz 110-230 V DC Ta ≤ 50 °C Lampe: G13-81-IEC-1305-2 Example: Type label according to new directive 94/9/EG . in future only apparatus that is classified w w w. d e S.
Box 69.All you need for explosion protection from one source Explosion-protected ● Fluorescent light fittings Floodlights Portable lamps Plugs and sockets Switchgear Terminal boxes Intrinsically safe signal conditioning eXLink Malux Finland Oy. www. FIN-06151 PORVOO.O. P. Fax: +358 (0)19 57 45 750.fi ● ● ● ● ● ● ● . Finland Phone: +358 (0)19 57 45 700.malux.