# Al-Balqa' Applied University Faculty of Engineering Technology

FLUID AND HYDRAULIC MACHINES LAB
EXP.SINGLE EFFECT RECIPROCATING PUMP FAWWAZ ZAYEZ

19-04-2011

These pumps suck the water into the cylinder during outward stroke. in this stroke atmospheric pressure acting on the surface of the water helps to push the water into the cylinder. THEORY: Pump is mechanical device to increase the pressure energy of the fluid. Reciprocating pump is one kind of the positive displacement pumps and it known (positive displacement pump) because in it liquid is pushed out of the cylinder by the actual displacement of the piston or plunger. If water acts only on one side of the piston the pump is known as (single acting pump) fig (1) shows this type of pump. 3. This movement of the piston or plunger creates alternately vacuum presser and positive presser in the cylinder in which raises the water. A reciprocating pump is driven by power available from an external source and consists of a cylinder in which piston or plunger reciprocates. 2.SINGLE EFFECT RECIPROCATING PUMP OBJECTIVES: 1.To calculate the volumetric efficiency.To know how a reciprocating pump work.To calculate the theoretical discharge flow rate. 5. 4.To calculate the slip and slip percent. During inward stroke the suction . Broadly pump can be classified as centrifugal pump or positive displacement pumps.To calculate the actual discharge flow rate.

.reciprocating pump The working of the reciprocating pump can be easily understood with the help of above figure. The construction and working of a single acting reciprocating pump is shown in fig (1) FIG (1) . and this movement of the piston causes vacuum in the cylinder. piston moves to the right. during outward stroke. the piston moves backward and forward in the cylinder due to the rotation of the crank.valve closes and the water is forced up in the delivery pipe.

c-Triple cylinder. 2-According to the number of cylinders: a-Single cylinder. 3-According to the existence of air vessel: a . CALCULATION: V =Q act/Q the Q act = V/T Q the = A x L x N x Z Slip = Q the Q act .TYPES OF RECIPROCATING PUMP: 1-According to the action of water: a-Single acting. b-Without vessel. b-Double acting. b-Double cylinder.With air vessel.

DATA AND RESULTS: NO 1 2 3 4 5 L(m) 0.000250 0.8 1 m2 rev/sec = rpm/60 Z= Qact vs L 0.000146 0.000171 0.001017 1.1 0.08 0.000127 0.85233 A= N= 0.3 39.81132 0.000215 0.000000 0.42E-05 1.34E-06 Slip% 0.000200 0.000037 Slip 3.15E-05 2.3 29.000050 0.1554 0.04 0.85306 0.86551 0.02 T(sec) 23.1652 0.70E-05 6.08 0.06 0.000183 0.000150 Qact vs L 0.4 116.000110 0.12 0.000090 0.06 0.1733 v 0.04 0.02 0 .4 Qact(m3/sec) 0.000100 0.4 55.1723 0.000073 0.2326 0.85819 0.1 0.71E-05 1.000043 Qthe(m3/sec) 0.

08 0.08 0.12 0.83 0.000180 0.85 0.000100 0.8 0.08 0.05 0 .000200 0.1 0.Q the vs L 0.02 0 Q the vs L 0.06 0.02 0.04 0.000020 0.84 0.000040 0.02 0.04 0.000160 0.000080 0.81 0.87 0.06 0.000140 0.15 0.000060 0.1 0.04 0.1 0.000000 0.82 0.86 0.06 0.1 0.000120 0.