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October 29, 2008

Heather Herman
Group: Jackie, Sarah, and Daniel

then I will be able to identify an unknown substance. . Different flame colors signify different amounts of energy being released. Metallic Ion Color of Flame Ca2+ Orangey red Li+ Fuchsia Cu2+ Turquoise green Na+ Light orange K+ Lavender Sr2+ Orange Ba2+ Spring green X Light green Questions: 1. The color differs depending on how much energy is released. Place the tested splint into a beaker of water and repeat with the other splints. the electron jumps to a higher energy state. X rays c. 2. energy is emitted as visible light. Increasing wavelength: (lowest) a. The flame test indicates the amount of energy being used or released among the electrons when the color changes. so there is a characteristic color for each ion. 3. 2.Purpose: To perform flame tests on several metallic ions and use the results to identify an unknown substance. Hypothesis: If I perform flame tests on metallic ions and record the observations. Violet has the shortest wavelength. Gamma Rays b. Radio waves (highest) In the visible spectrum. Dispose of materials as directed by a teacher. Ultraviolet rays d. Infrared rays f. 4. Visible rays e. the wavelengths range from 400 nm to 700 nm. Materials: • Wooden splints soaked in cation solutions • Lab burner • Beaker filled with water Procedure: 1. When it returns to the lower energy state. Microwaves g. Place soaked splint in the burner flame and record the color of the flame. When a metallic ion is heated in a flame test.

and the table says that copper compounds are used to make blue. Conclusion: The unknown substance was identified as barium because it turned to a similar shade of light green that barium did. A possible source of error was that the colors are similar and hard to distinguish from one another. electrons move to higher energy states. 3. Modern spectroscopes are now controlled by computers. The colors produced by the compounds in the table do correspond with my data results in the flame test lab. and some of the parts are also used to capture light in photographic film. which is controlled by the time-delay fuse. Metallic salts are used in fireworks because in salts. and when they return to a lower energy state. Spectroscopes are important scientific tools used to analyze unknown substances and for studying astronomy. Color is produced similarly in fireworks to the way it is produced in flame tests. The time-delay fuse creates the color displays in fireworks because the colors start when the flame reaches the substance. light energy is released. in the flame test lab. In flame tests. Fireworks Questions: 1. The copper in the flame lab turned turquoise. producing the bright fireworks. 5. Fireworks also begin with an oxygen source and have packed compounds in cardboard shells that produce bright colors as well. barium turned light green. Extra Credit: Cesium and Rubidium were two elements discovered with the spectroscope by Robert Bunsen and Gustav Kirchoff. holes allow oxygen to enter the burner and electrons release light energy. and the table says that barium compounds are used to make green. 2. They are metallic because metals burn in different colors. resulting in different colors depending on the compound. Also. .