Biology 1210


MORE FROM CHAPTER THREE The online animations make fun breaks from reading but watch them actively, look for parts of cell that you recognize, think about scale. Remember to amazed that your body is composed of 100 trillion of these cells working together! (some says 10 trillion cells per human but most sources say 100 trillion. Both are estimates as no one has counted them all. Your body has 10x more nonhuman than human cells!) 1. Identify Parts of the Cell without looking at notes, text or slides. After you have tried look at hints on last page (yes some of these squiggles are vague but try before peeking). If you are still stuck mark these with a star and look in text/slides. (There are a lot more of b,d,e,m than shown.)

a. __________________________________________________________________ b. __________________________________________________________________ c.
(these should be over by nucleus)


d. __________________________________________________________________ e. __________________________________________________________________ f. __________________________________________________________________ g. __________________________________________________________________ h. __________________________________________________________________ i. j. k. l. __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________

m. __________________________________________________________________ n. __________________________________________________________________ o. __________________________________________________________________ p. __________________________________________________________________

from hypotonic to hypertonic solution i. reactants (substrates) and products d. are less stable There is lots of good stuff for you here but before you explore. facilitated diffusion ___ vi) engulfing of fluid in membrane vesicles 3. There were the days of disco. Why doesn’t this happen to you when you are in the bath tub? *8. If toss a human cell into pure water. diffusion ___ i) diffusion across a biological membrane b.harvard. kinetic and potential energy b. this is an example of__________. require a lot more energy to break *10. is specific to one chemical reaction e. active transport ___ ii) moves against concentration gradient c. a. all of these are true c. Which is NOT true? Compared to lower energy bonds.2808399 feet or 39. is usually a protein d. and dumping of contents outside cell ___xiv) how a cell might capture a bacterium *7. exocytosis ___viii) transport molecules that need ATP to function ___ x) enables cell to engulf bulk quantities of specific large molecules ___ x) how oxygen and carbon dioxide enter and leave cells ___ xi) two types of passive transport ___ xii) engulfing of particle in membrane vesicle ___xiii) fusion of membrane-bound vesicle with membrane. Which of the following is NOT true of an enzyme? An enzyme a. first and second law of thermodynamics g. osmosis ___ iii) any spread of molecules from area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration d. Plug the following into your browser and enjoy http://vimeo. c. . lowers the energy barrier for a chemical reaction *11. Take some time to look at scale explanation under picture. eight tracks and rotary phones so be patient with the graphics) 4. high and low energy bonds *6. d. 1 meter = 3. supplies energy to start a chemical reaction b. a.genetics. receptor-mediated endocytosis membrane. Go to http://learn. a reaction with and without an enzyme f. Compare and contrast: a. Watch The Inner Life of a Cell (Click: The Inner Life 8 MIN (top left) not little video insert) at http://multimedia. Compare and contrast osmosis. pinocyctosis ___ vii) diffusion of water across selectively permeable h. Move the scroll bar under the picture slowly to right. acts as a biological catalyst c. there are many version but I think you can’t beat the original Charles and Ray Eames version.2. high energy bonds… a.37… inches b. energy releasing and energy absorbing reactions c. diffusion and facilitated diffusion? b.utah. competitive and noncompetitive inhibitors h. phagocytosis ___ iv) diffusion with help of transport protein e. Maybe try it a second time reading the labels. What do enzymes do? An enzyme’s function is a result of the ______________ of its binding site.mcb. passive transport ___ v) three types of endocytosis f. Write down anything you are surprised about. If a cell is surrounded by high concentrations of a solute and it allows the solute to passively diffuse inward through a membrane channel. Match the following (can be more than one) a. ATP and ADP e. then look at notes below picture. List the six functions of membrane protein (from Lecture #11 Ch 4 summary slide) *9. what happens? Which direction will water move? The water is _________________ to the cell. CHAPTER FOUR * (If that doesn’t work you can google Powers of Ten . first type the words Cell Size and Scale into the search bar on top. release a lot more energy when broken d. require a lot more energy to make e.

Type 1 diabetes is caused when patients cannot produce the peptide hormone insulin in their pancreas. . ionic bonds 20. smooth ER c. . none of these d. Which of the molecules (above right) is glucose? a. Under these conditions. . . . act as catalysts c. C d. are always attached to the membrane d. stay the same d. covalent bonds b. Insulin and the insulin receptors are synthesized (made) in what part of the cell? a. cytoplasm f. Rough ER e. carbohydrates . endocytosis 17. This is. C d. . carbohydrates . decrease c.. . A b. active transport d. After eating a meal containing glucose. 3. . lipids . bind to molecules of a particular shape e. a concentration gradient 15. C 22. facilitated diffusion b. osmosis c. . a. exocytosis Blood 14. . . supply energy for the cell b. diffusion d. .. . A b. no way to know 18. facilitated diffusion 16. . . Which of these molecules (above right) binds the fewest water molecules per carbon atom? a. A e.*12. hydrogen bonds c. proteins . . mitochondria . C d. glucose would enter the fat cell by… a. . A b. impossible e. . all of these e. Insulin leaves a pancreas cell by… a. Insulin A Pancreas Cell B GLUCOSE Insulin Receptor Glucose Transporter Fat or Muscle Cell C d. . the insulin is released into the blood where it binds to the insulin receptor and allows the glucose transporter on fat and muscle cells to open. B i. no way to know 21. In a diabetic. Glucose is soluble in water because it can form ___ with water molecules. Glucose is at a lower concentration inside the fat cell than outside. lipids . a. B c. . What is energy? What is chemical energy? Explain how a little tiny electron can have potential energy? Where does the energy in ATP come from? What form of energy does ATP have? Where is that energy? What are the parts of ATP? All good test questions! HERE ARE SOME QUESTIONS FROM OLD EXAMS Fig. . . active transport c. B c. . . Insulin and the insulin receptors are _ and thus contain which of these molecules (above right) _? a. require ATP to function *13. and stored in lipid vesicles. . nucleus b. . increase b. . Golgi d. An enzyme and a membrane receptor are similar in that they a. B c. activation energy c. endocytosis b. . diffusion b. .6 For questions # 14 through # 24 Insulin is produced by the pancreas. . hydrophobic bonds 19. proteins . . . . what will happen to blood glucose levels after eating simple carbohydrates? a. .

d. where rRNA is made h. B = 20%. and D = 10% In the blanks for a-c indicate if hypertonic. surrounds food particles e. b. This mechanism is called ___________________________________________ b. Is insulin brought into the cell after it binds the receptor? (Yes/ No) __________ c. Beaker D is ______________________________ to beaker A. the little dots that can be free or bound l. the outside of all cells b. Beaker B is ______________________________ to beaker C. Draw an arrow in the direction water will flow: A _____________ B. fibers for movement n. C = 15%. Trace the path of production for insulin by ranking these steps from 1 (first) to 6 (last) ____ exported from plasma membrane ____ ribosome binds mRNA ____ info from DNA copied into mRNA ____ polypeptide chain grows inside RER ____ ribosome binds RER ____ protein processed/sorted in Golgi 24. hypotonic. 25. Explain briefly (2 words will suffice) how the cell knows to responds to the binding of insulin. pointing to fluid or gel that contains the organelles . In the human body. Beaker A is ______________________________ to beaker B. blood glucose is kept within a narrow range of 4 and 6 mM (mmol/l).23. You have four beakers with solute concentrations as follows: A = 10%. “dots” are bound here o. “dots” are never bound here p. the dencondensed chromosomes i. powerhouse organelle c. parts f-I together make up this largest of organelles k. or isotonic a. c. ship and sort m. breaks down macromolecules f. the hole j. Hints for question 1: a. organizes spindle fibers d. IF solutions from beakers A and B are separated by a membrane permeable ONLY to water. the outside of this large organelle g. a.