Gene Kwan Modern World 2nd Period Algeria in Independence Algeria’s independence was sought through a bloody war

with France, and has left the nation with a military backed government, and internal conflicts. Algeria’s position as an independent country has so far left it with numerous problems that need to be addressed. Since Algeria’s independence numerous issues have erupted, including; territorial claims with Morocco, an increasing oil dependant economy, and an upsurge of violence since 1992. A common reason as to why Algeria, like many other colonies wanted independence was because of the Algerians' dissatisfaction with being treated as secondclass citizens by the French colonial government, thus creating a war for decolonization from 1954-1962. Upon gaining independence, Algeria eventually modernized and education spread, increasing the literacy rate from 10% to 60%. However, after gaining independence, Algeria still has violent conflicts with Islamic groups (Al qaeda), and also with Morocco (claims over territories), not to mention an increasingly oil dependent economy. First, violence between the military and Islamic extremists erupted in 1992 when elections were cancelled. Islamists were set to win elections, but fear of an “Iranian-style Revolution” (apparently fear for the end of democracy if Islamists won) from the opposing side caused the cancel in elections. Currently, efforts by the military have been taken to control Al qaeda, but suicide bombings (some aimed to kill the current President Abdelaziz Bouteflika), and attacks still occur killing innocent people. Second, territorial issues with Morocco had lead to a war and negotiations, which explains the hostilities between the two countries now. Lastly, oil has become the increasingly dependent

Gene Kwan Modern World 2nd Period resource of Algeria’s economy, high prices have helped improved the country’s infrastructure, industry and agricultural land, but more could be done. First, hostilities with Morocco should be resolved by becoming allies, through a new treaty that not only uniting Morocco and Algeria, but as many African countries as plausible. This way, conflicts are less likely to occur between not only Algeria and Morocco, but also the rest of the members of this treaty. Not to mention economies could open up more between these countries helping them grow. On the subject of economy, the raising of oil prices in Algeria has proven advantageous, but if new investments in green jobs were to begin, new possibilities could emerge. For instance, if Algeria started going green, it could attract the attention of outside countries such as the US to invest in Algeria’s green movement, thus not only easing the economy’s dependency on oil, but creating new relationships with different countries and creating new economic opportunities. Finally, hostilities between the government and Al qaeda should be resolved by negotiation to meet the needs of both sides. These negotiations should be held by representatives by both sides so as not to expose the main leaders of each group (to ensure safety), under a strict set of rules with non-violent consequences. Initially, the Algerian government should show some signs of appeasement towards Al qaeda to lessen the chances of having to resolve to use military force. Although Algeria had lacked the proper guidance after gaining independence (it had a socialist and authoritarian leader), it has slowly been improving due to relatively better leadership. However, more actions could be taken by the immediate government to improve the country’s economy, and also relations with hostile groups (Islamic extremists and Morocco) to ensure a safer country to live in.

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