Dear Children:
Whui oo you ihink o¦ Seou¦¹
Seou¦ is one o¦ ihe mosi beuuii¦u¦ ciiies in ihe vor¦o,
¯here is no oiher ¦urge ciiy in ihe vor¦o ¦ike Seou¦¸ vi i_s
beuuii¦u¦ nuiure such us ihe lun Piver uno

Un¦oriunuie¦y¸ oue io g¦obu¦ po¦¦uiion_ green mouniuins uno
_ers ure oisuppeuring uno ihe Furih iemperuiure is rising, _his
is me¦iing ihe ice in ihe ^rciic uno ihe po¦ur beurs ure ¦osing iheir
^¦so muny chi¦oren ure su¦¦ering ¦rom environmeniu¦ oiseuses such
us uiopic oermuiiiis uno rhiniiis,
From nov on¸ ve musi iry our besi io proieci uno ¦ove ihe envi_
ronmeni ¦or noi on¦y ihe po¦ur beurs bui u¦so ¦or u¦¦ o¦ us _
_oniinue our heu¦ihy uno huppy ¦i_e_ in Seou¦,
“Bui¦oing u Creen Seou¦ viih lvun uno Cyeong” is u iexibook ihui
vi¦¦ ieuch you ihe imporiunce o¦ ihe environmeni uno hov you cun
proieci ii,
We hope ihui ihis book vi¦¦ he¦p you ¦eurn uboui ihe imporiunce o¦
ihe environmeni uno hov io proieci ii ui uny iime uno uny p¦uce,
Murch¸ 2010
Let’s learn
wi th Hwan and Gyeong,
Social Studies
Environmental Protection Action
1. Defnition: Hwan Gyeong means environment in Korean.
2. Hwan is typically used to make a boy’s name in Korea while Gyeong is used to make a girl’s name.
The Seoul Metropolitan Government used “Hwan and Gyeong” as characters for this textbook to help
students feel closer to the environment.
Listening, Speaking & Writing -1, A fresh feeling – 6~7
Let’s talk about what I can do for the character in the story.
How can we protect living creatures?
Since 2002, the Seoul Metropolitan Government has established a list of endangered
species in need of protection in Seoul. As of 2010, a total of 49 species­ 39 animals
and 10 plant species – have been placed under protection.
1. The following are animals and plants protected by the Seoul
Metropolitan Government. Look at the pictures and write the
name of the animal or plant from the box below.
Deer, Squirrel, Great Spotted Woodpecker, Oriole, Swallow,
Salamander, Yellow Blowfsh, King Dragonfy, Sundew
2. Write down the animals and/or plants that you want to protect
from the Seoul Metropolitan Government Protected Animals and
Plants list and what you can do to protect them.
Animals and/or plants
that you want to protect
What you can do:
Listening, Speaking, Writing-2, Finding information 36-37
Let’s summarize key points from the article.
Whose footprints? Carbon footprints!
Tuvalu, an island located in the Pacifc Ocean, is on the verge of sinking under the
sea. The island is flled with water for ffteen days every month, which leaves less
space for people to live in. The Chacaltaya glacier in Bolivia used to be the world’s
highest ski run but now it has been reduced to just a few pieces of ice. Why are
these things happening?
Greenhouse gas emission has increased due
to the use of fossil fuels such as coal and oil.
A huge amount of greenhouse gases have
also been emitted in the process of waste
decomposition. In addition, disappearing
forests have reduced nature’s ability to
absorb greenhouse gases. All these are
causing global warming.
Global warming describes the rise of the average temperature of the Earth, and
is caused by the heat from the Earth which is trapped due to increasing green-
house gases in the air. It is the main reason for the fooding of Tuvalu and
melting of the Chacaltaya glacier.
So what does global warming and climate change have to do with a carbon
A carbon footprint is the fgure which shows the total amount of emitted
greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide, caused by humankind in kilogram
(kg) or in number of trees.
We can reduce our carbon footprint if we unplug the home appliances not in
use and cut the use of disposable products such as paper cups and wooden
Besides these efforts, what else can we do to reduce our carbon footprint?
1. What is the main point of this article? Fill in the blanks and think about
the main point. Underline the important ideas in the article to help you
fnd the main points.
2. What can we do to reduce our carbon footprint?
The use of fossil fuels and waste
disposal are increasing while the
forests are disappearing.
We need to make an effort to
reduce ( ).
The increase of greenhouse gases
in the air causes ( ),
which is raising the Earth’s
Tuvalu is sinking under the water
and the Chacaltaya Glacier has
* How can I measure my carbon footprint?
Visit the website of the Climate Action Partnership (http://cap.seoul.go.kr) and
calculate your carbon footprint.
Reading-2, Finding information 33~38
Let’s learn how to summarize the ideas using information from the dictionary.
The Power of New & Renewable Energy!
The world currently has reserves for only 40 years of oil, 65 years of gas and 155
years of coal, so many countries are trying to develop new & renewable energy.
1. The following is the description of different types of energy.
Write down the right type of energy from the box below for each
Fossil Fuel, New Energy, Renewable Energy
Humans have been using a lot of
this energy. Along with petroleum
and coal, natural gas is also a source
of this energy.
This energy converts existing fos-
sil fuels for use. In addition to the
fuel cells, hydrogen energy and
coal liquefaction are also used for
this energy.
This energy uses renewable sources
such as sunlight and water. It uses
not only solar light and wind but
also solar heat, water, tide, waste,
geothermal and biomass.
Petroleum Coal
Fuel Cells
Solar Power Wind Power
2. Which sector and subject do you need to look up if you are
trying to fnd information about new & renewable energy in the
encyclopedia? Put beside the right sector and subject.
3. Write F beside the sentence if it is describing fossil fuel and N if
it is about new & renewable energy.
Sector Subject
Arts ( )
Science ( )
Literature ( )
History ( )
and Weather ( )
and Plants ( )
of the Universe ( )
Environment and
Natural Resources ( )
It produces a signifcant amount of greenhouse gas.
It is sustainable energy and can be produced in unlimited quantities.
It is not produced in Korea so we have to import it.
It produces heat and energy without emitting greenhouse gases.
It can be produced in Korea so we can lower energy imports.
It has a limited amount of resources and we can only use it for a limited
amount of years.
Listening, Speaking, Writing–3, Collecting your thoughts 52~55
Let’s share ideas and have a discussion.
Smart Consumption! Green Consumption!
Green Consumption means environmentally friendly consumption which does not
affect the environment.
Buying eco-friendly products, forming a habit of saving, and minimizing environment
polluting wastes are all activities for green consumption.
1. Look at the following pictures.
Try to fnd the differences between the pictures and circle them.
2. Write Yes if the behavior is ‘Green Consumption’ and No if it is not.
3. The below picture is the Korea environment mark.
Look at this mark and work together with your classmates and
design an environment mark for your class.
No Consumption Behavior
Is it Green
1 Buying local foods.
2 Buying only essential products.
Using private cars rather than public transportation
or bicycles.
5 Buying cute products even if they are unnecessary.
Buying eco-friendly products certifed with
environment mark.
6 Implement four “Rs”: reduce, reuse recycle, and rebuy.
The environment mark indicates environmentally-
friendly products which save energy or cause less pol-
lution during the process of production, consumption
and disposal. The label shows why the product ob-
tained an environment mark.
< My class’s environment mark >
Reading-3, Collecting your thoughts 60~63
Let’s read the passage and compare it with your own ideas.
A Promise to protect the Earth
April 22 each year is Earth Day. When and why was the Earth Day founded? As
citizens of the Earth, what kind of promises can we make for the Earth?
In 1969, an oil spill occurred off the
beautiful coast of Santa Barbara,
California, U.S. and caused terrible
environmental pollution around the
After this incident, a United States
Senator Gaylord Nelson proposed
founding of Earth Day to raise public awareness of the environment.
The frst Earth Day was held on April 22, 1970 with a Harvard
graduate student, Denis Hayes.
In the 1980s, other countries started to join and celebrate Earth Day. In
1990, over 200 million people in 140 nations participated in the Earth
Day event and in 2002, 5,000 environmental groups in 184 countries
around the world were on board.
Earth Day is now a global event, alerting people of environmental prob-
lems such as environmental pollution and the destruction of the ecosys-
A variety of environmental events are held on Earth Day including a
tree-planting program, a river cleaning project, Earth Expo and cultural
We cannot live a single day without the Earth. We have to think and act
as if every day is Earth Day, not just one day in April.
1. The following promises are what we can do to protect the Earth.
Choose three promises and put them into action for one week,
then evaluate your own actions.
My Promises Did you keep your promises?
1. Save water
2. Preserve trees
3. Save paper
4. Turn off lights not in use
5. Reduce and recycle wastes
6. Unplug appliances and electronics not in use
7. Refrain from using disposable products
8. Use a fan or an electronic fan rather than an air-conditioner
9. Take public transportation or ride a bicycle rather than using
a private vehicle
10. Buy environmentally-friendly products with an environmental
mark or recycled products.
* Color the according to your evaluation.
Reading-5, Take a trip 92-93
Let’s search for the information and learn about the good points.
Let’s take a trip to the
Seoul Sewage Treatment Center
1. What does the sewage treatment center do?
Han River
Aeration Tank
Settling Tank
Settling Tank
Influent Pump
Water from households
enter a pipe to be sent to
the treatment center
Returns clean water back to
the Han River
Removes sand, gravel and
other waste from the
waste water
Releases clean water on the
upper part
Pumps the water up and settles
sludge, and separates particles
rising up to the surface
Injects air to change sediments
into solids
All water used at houses and factories fow to Sewage Treatment Centers before
being released into streams and the ocean. The Seoul Sewage Treatment Center
decomposes and removes pollutants in waste water.
2. Before visiting the sewage treatment plant, what do you need to know?
Look at the questions that Hwan and Gyeong are asking and write
what they need to know for their visit.
* Water Treatment Plants in Seoul metropolitan area
Tancheon Sewage Treatment Center: 580, Ilwon-dong, Gangnam-gu, Seoul
Jungnang Sewage Treatment Center: 5 gil Chajangteo (73 Songjeong-dong), Seongdong-gu, Seoul
Seonam Sewage Treatment Center: 91, Magok-dong, Gangseo-gu, Seoul
Nanji Sewage Treatment Center: 673-2, Hyuncheon-dong, Deokyang-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do
Place, Date, Transportation, Things that you need,
Location, Travel time
Which sewage treatment
center are you going to
Where is the sewage treat-
ment center that you are
going to visit?
How long will it take to get
from your school to the
water treatment plant?
What should I bring
for the trip?
When can you visit the
How can I go to the water
treatment plant?
Listening, Speaking, Wrting-6 Share your ideas 110~114
Let’s present an article that you wrote.
Zero Waste Project
Zero Waste is the best way to solve waste disposal issues.
Together with Seoul citizens, the Seoul Metropolitan Government is promoting
Zero Waste activities, which aim to reduce, reuse and recycle waste.
a. As of 2008, Seoul citizens disposal 11,569 ton of waste including
3,416 ton of food waste a day.
b. Only 7,445 tons, approximately 17% of the waste, is recycled and the
rest is burial or incineration.
As the rate of recycling has increased over that of the past, the
usable life of landflls in the metropolitan area has been extended to
2044. However, there is no other method of disposal planned for
the following years.
c. Gyeong, why don’t we start a zero waste project?
Recycling is important. But if we save materials and reduce waste,
we are achieve zero waste someday, can’t we?
Together, let’s create a clean Seoul through the Zero Waste Project.
a. Seoul Citizens disposal
b. the rest is burial or incineration.
c. we are achieve zero waste
Seoul Citizens ( )
the rest is ( ).
we ( ) achieve zero waste
1. This is a letter from Hwan to Gyeong. This letter has grammar
mistakes in each sentence. Correct the mistakes.
Dear Gyeong,
Why don’t we separate trash when we throw it away?
If we separate trash, more can be recycled. We can also
reduce waste and save resources.
2. The following are ways to reduce waste when you buy, use and
dispose of products.
Connect the situation with appropriate picture.
3. Write a message to your family or friends to suggest ways to reduce
If I put my name
on the notebook,
I can fnd it when
I lose it.
Do I need it?
Buying products
Using products
Throwing away
Reading-6, Share your ideas 120-121
Do you agree with the writer’s idea?
What is Slow Food?
Slow Food is a movement which began to preserve traditional foods and food
cultures and to encourage the use of local food products. When, where and how
did the Slow Food movement begin?
The Slow Food movement began
in 1986 to preserve traditional
Italian food culture when a fast
food restaurant was opened near
the Spanish Steps in Rome, Italy.
The movement has since expanded
globally and has over 80,000 mem-
bers in more than 100 countries. A slow snail is the symbol of this
The phrase “Slow Food” is a combination of words “Slow” and
“Food” which refers to highly-nutritious, healthy, unprocessed foods
including a variety of different recipes. Slow Food uses less meat and
focuses on traditional, local ingredients, thus producing less carbon
So, what kind of food is slow food, and how does it benefit both
the Earth environment and our health?
Kimchi chigae (spicy kimchi stew), Doenjang chigae (soybean paste
stew) and Bibimbap are some of the representative slow foods in
1. Read the story about Slow Food and answer the questions.
2. The following picture shows what Hwan and Gyeong ate for dinner
together. Circle the slow foods.
The meaning of
slow food:
It is a movement to preserve and improve traditional and
regional cuisine and food culture.
Use various types of ingredients following different
recipes. Highly-nutritious.
Examples of
slow foods:
of slow foods:
Listening, Speaking, Writing-7, Stories from the world. 130-133
Let’s make a picture book.
What is my choice?
16 billion single-use plastic bags are used every year in Korea and it takes at least
one hundred years to decompose them. Our choice can protect or contaminate the
Milk Carton
5 years 20 years
Paper Cup Fabric 20 years 40 years
Plastic Bottle Plastic Bag 100 years 100 years
Time needed for Decomposition Time needed for Decomposition Product
1. The following table shows how long it takes for a product to
decompose. Draw a bar graph showing the time needed using the
data below.
Milk Carton
Paper Cup Fabric Plastic Bottle Plastic Bag
Hwan’s mother went to a grocery
market to buy something.
She forgot to bring her reusable
shopping basket and used plastic
bags instead.
Look at the picture below and
write how plastic bags will affect
the environment.
Gyeong’s mother went to a
grocery market to buy something.
She brought her reusable shopping
basket to carry home the products
that she bought.
Look at the picture below and
write how reusable shopping bags
will affect the environment.
Carbon dioxide
is generated when
plastic bags are
manufactured and this
contributes to the
global warming.
By bringing a reusable
shopping basket, you don’t
need to use plastic bags and
can reduce waste.
Environment Story of the city of Seoul
Dobongsan is a mountain in Bukhansan National Park, located on the northern
part of Seoul.
Dobongsan is well-known for its high peaks and clean valleys.
There are several beautiful rocky peaks in Dobongsan including Jawoonbong,
the summit of the mountain. Clean water fows through the valleys in between
the peaks and the place is home to many living species such as minnows which
can be found only in clean water.
< Minnow > < Korean Stream Brown Frog >
There are also various kinds of plants in Dobongsan. In particular, we must pre-
serve plants such as Forsythia Saxatilis Nakai, which is designated as a natural
monument of Korea, and Lilium Amabile and Thalictrum uchiyamai Linne, which
grows only at high altitudes.
Write the name of at least two animals and two plants that live in Dobongsan.
Dobongsan is also home to many animals and insects including
Korean water-deer, weasels, raccoons, great spotted woodpeckers and
fat stag beetles.
< Forsythia Saxatilis Nakai > < Lilium Amabile > < Meadow-rue >
Stag beetles
Raccoon Weasel
Social Studies -1-(2) Natural environment and life in my city 22-24
Social Studies
Social Studies
Let’s learn about the climate in my city.
Seoul is getting warmer
Over the past century, the average temperature of the world rose by 0.7°C but the
temperature of Korea went up by 1.7°C. In particular, the temperature rise in Seoul
was twice faster than the average temperature rise of Korea and three times faster
than that of the world. It is anticipated that if global warming continues in this rate,
there will be no winter in Korea by 2100.
1. The following table shows the average temperature changes in Seoul
for the past one hundred years.
Draw a bar graph showing the average temperature of Seoul and
connect the middle part of the bars in a line.
Year Year
2. How has the temperature of Seoul been changing over the last one
hundred years?
3. Put beside the activities that we can do to lower the average
temperature of Seoul.
Visit a park and learn about animals and plants. ( )
Take stairs to go to lower levels in buildings. ( )
Use an air conditioner rather than a fan or an electronic fan. ( )

Use a cup and turn off the water when you brush your teeth. ( )

Buy unnecessary stationeries. ( )
Social Studies -1- Natural environment and life in my city
Let’s learn about natural disasters and ways to overcome them.
Water! I will preserve you
When do you use water in your daily life? We use water to wash clothes, to cook
and to clean the house. However, the world is currently facing a severe water short-
age because of pollution, water wastage and many other reasons.
The following is the result of the survey that Hwan and Gyeong asked 100 4th
graders. Look at the result of the survey and fll in the blank.
1. What do you think of water shortage?
Most students think water
shortage is a ( )
Questionnaires Result
Not serious at all (3)
serious (7)
Very serious (40)
2. What causes water shortage?
3. What happens if water is contaminated?
4. How are you going to use water?
30 students out of 100
answered that the major
cause of water shortage is
( )
75 students out of 100
answered that the amount of
water ( )
( ) students out of
100 answered that they will
reduce the amount of water
they use
change (30)
Water wastage (20)
I will use more water (5)
I will reduce the amount of water I use (67)
Urban development (12)
The amount
of water
There is no change
in the amount of
water (15)
The amount of water decreases (75)
I will
not change
the amount of
water I use.
Social Studies -2-(1) Natural resources and production in my city
Let’s fnd out about my city’s natural resources.
We have a mine in Seoul !
The Seoul Metropolitan Government is working on an urban mining project by collecting
raw materials from discarded electronic devices. The urban mining project is being
considered as a good solution for resolving the problem of a lack of resources.
Urban mining collects precious metals such as gold, silver and bronze from
discarded cell phones, computers and other electronic devices from homes
and businesses. These thrown away items are waste when they are sent to the
landfll, but they can turn into a resource if you recycle them.
1. The following bar graph shows how much metal can be mined from
one ton of cell phones (approximately 10,000 cell phones).
Write the amount of each metal in the blanks.
Weight (Kg)
Gold: (0.4) Kg, Silver: ( ) Kg, Palladium: (0.3) Kg
Rhodium: (0.02) Kg, Cobalt: ( ) Kg, Copper: ( ) Kg
Silver Palladium Rhodium Cobalt Copper
Put electronic devices that you no longer use into a recycling bin near your
house or put them in front of your house on designated collection days.
2. Urban mining has many benefts. Write the beneft from the box below.
How can I join the urban mining project?
Urban mining creates 18.42
million won a year in Seoul
It can create around 800 new
jobs in Seoul per year.
It reduces the pollutants which
are produced in the process of
sending unused resources to the
landfll or incinerating them.
Economic benefit
Environmental beneft, Job creation, Automobile production
Urban mining
Social Studies-2-(1) Natural resources and production in my city 56-57
Let’s learn how companies in my city work with other countries.
The lower food miles, the better!
Food miles is a term which indicates the distance that food travels from the
production until it reaches the consumer and it shows the degree of environmental
If food travels longer, more energy is required and more greenhouse gas is
(Pollack – 1221 t
km) China
(Onions - 912 t
The Philippines
(Bananas -2613 t
(Blue Crab - 5275 t
New Zealand
(Kiwi - 9651 t
The U.S.
(Orange - 9604 t
The unit of t
km is calculated by multiplying the amount of
food (ton) by the length of travelling distances (km) from its
production to the consumer.
Banana ( ) + Orange ( ) + Kiwi ( ) = ( )
1. The following foods are what Hwan and Gyeong had for a snack.
What is the total food miles?
2. By buying local foods, we can reduce food miles.
What’s your choice? Circle the arrow to indicate your choice.
Sancheong Tofu
produced in
Korea (420g)
produced in the
U.S. (420g)
Haenam Bread
produced in
Korea (320g)
Kiwi produced
in New Zealand
Jeju Tangerine
produced in
Korea (5kg)
produced in
Jeju Kiwi
produced in
Korea (2kg)
Grape Fruit
produced in
The Philippines
Food Your Choice
Social Studies-2-(1) Natural resources and production in my city
Let’s learn what kind of community facilities there are in my city.
What kind of animals and plants can
we find in the mountains?
There are many mountains in Seoul including Namsan, Bukhansan, Dobongsan,
Umyeonsan, and Buramsan. The mountains provide fresh air, space for relaxation,
and a habitat for animals and plants.
1. There are many mountains in Seoul.
Look at the map below and circle the mountain near your house.
Draw a triangle on the mountain that you want to visit.
Suraksan Nature Park
Buramsan Nature Park
Choansan Neighborhood Park
Bonghwasan Neighborhood Park
Odong Neighborhood Park
Cheongnyang Neighborhood Park
Yongma Nature Park (Achasan & Yongmasan )
Eungbong (Maebongsan) Neighborhood Park
Bukhansan National Park
Bukaksan Nature Park
Inwangsan Nature Park
Ansan Nature Park
Gyenam Neighborhood Park
Baengnyeon Neighborhood Park
Bongjesan (Baekseok) Neighborhood Park
Kkachisan Neighborhood Park
Daemosan Nature Park
Jangji Neighborhood Park
Myeongil Neighborhood Park
Iljasan Nature Park
Gwanaksan Nature Park
Seoripul Neighborhood Park
Umyeonsan Nature Park
Inneungsan Nature Park
Cheonggyesan Nature Park
Cheonwang Nature Park
Jingwan Neighborhood Park
Seooreung Nature Park
Onsu Nature Park
Bongsan Nature Park
Namsan Nature Park
Samcheong Neighborhood Park
Gwangpyeong Neighborhood Park
Gwangjin-gu Seongdong-gu
2. Hwan climbed a mountain with his family. Read the questions
that the animals and plants are asking and answer the questions.
This is an
evergreen tree.
It lives in large
groups and it
produces resin.
My name is taken
from the sound
of my call.
There is a clock
named after my
This tree is very
close to me.
It fowers in May
and the scent of the
fower is wonderful.
People sometimes
mistake it as an
acacia tree.
This is my food.
I am short of this
because people
take it away.
Social Studies-3- Environmental issues and solutions of my city
Let’s learn about the challenges that my city is facing and discuss the solution.
What is Eco-Mileage?
Eco-Mileage is a program to encourage people to voluntarily reduce the amount
of electricity, water, gas, and other energy they use at home, school and work. The
aim of the program is to involve citizens to actively participate in the efforts to
resolve the challenges caused by climate change. The Seoul Metropolitan Government
gives incentives to the citizens and organizations who have earned Eco-miles to
encourage the citizens to join the effort to protect the Earth.
1. The following list shows how to save energy and earn Eco-miles at
home. Draw a circle if you can do it by yourself and a triangle if your
family can do it together.
How to earn eco-mile
Buy high energy effcient electronic devices.
Unplug electronic devices not in use.
Select the appropriate size of refrigerator for your
Do not press the close button. Wait until the elevator
doors close automatically.
Maintain the indoor temperature between 26 and
28 °C in summer.
Only watch necessary TV programs.
Who can
do it?
2. Incentives will be provided to the households which reduced over
10% of greenhouse gases over the past six months.
Check the incentive that you would like to receive.
Smart Electric Meter
Receive an electric
meter, which shows how
much electricity you
use and how much your
electricity bills will be.
Plant a tree with your
family’s name tag on.
Get a discount when
you buy low carbon
Tree Planting
Discounts for
low carbon products
Use the electric fan on low speed.
Iron clothes by types.
Unload unnecessary items from a car.
Use less detergent when doing laundry.
Social Studies-3-(2) Environmental issues and solutions of my city
Let’s learn about the issues that my city and other cities have to work together.
Let’s solve the problem together!
Many environmental problems may occur in your city. Then, how can
we solve these problems within our city, and work together with other cities?
Citizen monitors investigate this facility to see whether it is receiving
waste properly.
1. The Nowon district in the city of Seoul built a Resource Recovery
Facility to take care of the waste generated in the city to prevent
environmental pollution. Read the following article and write one
of the efforts they are making.
The Resource Recovery Facility is a
plant which incinerates the trash in a
hygienic way and recycles energy by
collecting the heat generated from the
incineration of trash.
The Nowon Resource Recovery Facility
founded in 1997, was transformed into a shape which looks like a magic
box in 2009 (picture above) and the plant improved its facilities to reduce
pollutants generated from incineration.
Citizen monitors work independently to investigate the facility to en-
sure that the trash enters the facility properly, the facility is being oper-
ated in a right way, and that it is not polluting the nearby area. In ad-
dition, the Seoul Metropolitan Government and the district of Nowon
also study how the facility affects the citizens and the neighboring area.
2. Some local environmental problems can be resolved by working with
other areas. Underline how the problem is being solved.
Han River
In 1999, two districts in the city of
Seoul, Gurogu and Yangcheongu,
established the ‘Council for Improv-
ing Water Quality of Anyangcheon’
together with 13 local governments
around Anyangcheon area including
Anyang-si, Gunpo-si, Uiwang-si and
Gwangmyeong-si at the Gyeonggi
Province, and launched a project for
cooperation between local govern-
ments to rehabilitate Anyangcheon.
They established a water recycling
center and made an effort to recover the ecosystem of the upper part of
the Anyangcheon. These efforts paid off and the water quality of Any-
angcheon, which used to be one of the most polluted streams in Korea
until the mid 1990s, has improved signifcantly in mid 2000s.
As the water quality got better, the fsh which left the stream came back
and it is now observed that minnows spawn in the stream. The stream
has changed into a habitat for migrating birds, particularly white her-
ons, gray herons and egrets in summer and mallards, white wagtails,
snipes and plovers in winter.
Anyangcheon is now home to various kinds of fsh species such as Chi-
nese minnows, which live only in the cleanest water, and wild birds
such as spot bills.
Social Studies-3-(3) My city’s future 120
Let’s fnd out what people in my town want.
Let’s complete the survey on
animal protection!
A questionnaire is a good way to understand people’s concerns, wishes and
knowledge about certain issues. The following questionnaire will help you learn
about what people think of the environment and animal protection.
1. How much interest do you have in environmental issues?
a. Very interested b. Somewhat interested c. Not interested
2 How are the children related to the environmental issues?
a. There is no relation between environmental issues and children
b. Environmental issues are related to children but they are for
adults to resolve.
c. Children have to make an effort to solve environmental problems.
1. This is a questionnaire to understand about environmental awareness.
Write your own answer frst and take a survey of your classmates to
complete a statistics chart.
a a b b c Total Total c
1 How much interest do you have in animals?
a. Very interested b. Somewhat interested c. Not interested
2 Which is your favorite animal?
a. Lion b. Puppy c. ( ) d. Rabbit
3 What would you do if you meet a cute animal in the forest?
a. Throw a stone at it.
b. Follow the animal and catch it.
c. Shout at the animal to surprise it.
d. Just look at it and leave it alone.
4. What is the best way to protect wild animals?
a. Keep them in a zoo.
b. ( )
c. Capture them.
d. Protect their natural environment.
5. Where is the best place for wild animals?
a. School b. ( ) c. Zoo d. Native habitat
Thank you.
We are the 4th grade students of ( ) elementary school.
We are trying to understand how people in our local community
think about animal protection. We would like to thank you for
answering the questions. Your answers will be a great help to us.
2. The following is a questionnaire to understand how the local citizens
think about animal protection and how much interest they have.
Fill in the blanks to complete the questionnaires.
English, 4th Grade frst semester - 1
Let’s learn about the animals and their sounds
Let’s make the sounds of animals
There are a lot of animals all around us. We have to love them because they are
living creatures just like us.
1. Draw lines to match the animal with its sound and name.
Stories of the Environment in English
Image Sound Name
2. The following sentences tell you the number of animals in the feld.
Look at the picture below and fll in the blank with the right name of
the animal.
3. Take turns in making the animal sounds with your partner and try to
guess what animal it is.
dogs, cats, pigs, cows
Environmentally friendly cars are vehicles which use less energy, get better
mileage and produce fewer pollutants than conventional cars. The Seoul
Metropolitan Government operates environmentally friendly buses powered by
natural gas to reduce air pollution caused by vehicles.
1. One eco-friendly, natural gas bus can reduce 17,027 kg of carbon
dioxide every year.
Circle the natural gas buses in the picture below.
Math-1, Large number 14~15
Let’s count large numbers.
Vroom vroom! Environmentally?Friendly Car!
An eco-friendly bus has a label.
CNG stands for Compressed Natural Gas.
2. Fill in the blanks and learn how much carbon dioxide emission
environmentally friendly buses can reduce.
3. Among eco-friendly buses, there are electric buses which produce
no air pollutants. Connect the dots by counting in thousands from
1000 to complete the picture of an electric bus.
Math -1, Large number 16~17
Greater or less? Let’s compare two numbers.
Go! Solar energy!
Solar energy is created from the light and heat of the sun. We can use the solar
energy to get energy we need for our daily lives without polluting the Earth.
1. The following chart shows the amount of solar energy that Seoul has
produced over the past few years.
Read the number and spell out the numbers in words
Amount of
solar energy
Number in
two billion nine hundred forty seven
million nine hundred twenty thousands
2. Compare the amount of solar energy. Write > or < to compare
the numbers.
3. Color the squares with the numbers that are greater than
3,380,840,000, the solar energy generation in 2009.
Math-2, Multiplication & Division 30~31
Let’s do multiplication of three numbers.
Thankful for electricity!
Electricity makes our life more comfortable. However, the generation of electricity
produces pollutants such as carbon dioxide. We must therefore use electricity only
when it is necessary.
1. The following chart shows how much electricity is consumed to use
an appliance for one hour.
TV Refrigerator
Fan Rice cooker
Vacuum Cleaner Microwave
Amount of
electricity (W)
Amount of
electricity (W)
2. Let’s learn about the carbon dioxide emissions from the electric
devices we use. If you divide the value from question No. 2 by 100
you will be get the amount of CO2 emitted when you use an
appliance for an hour. Write down the right number in the boxes
You watched TV for two hours every day for ten days.
This is how you calculate the amount of electricity that you have
consumed for the past ten days.
(amount of electricity needed to use for one hour) x (hours) x (days)
= total amount of electricity consumed
Calculate total amount of electricity that you need to use a fan, a
vacuum cleaner, a refrigerator, a rice cooker and a microwave for
2 hours for 10 days.
carbon dioxide
emission (kg)
Formula Appliance
Rice cooker
Math-3, Angles 46~47
Let’s fnd right angles around us.
Let’s meet at the Han River
The Han River is the widest river in Korea which fows through the city of Seoul.
The Seoul Metropolitan Government has demolished concrete buildings around
the river and made an effort to recover the riverside to provide a better place for
the creatures to live around the area.
1. Look at the buildings and the bridge in the picture below and circle
right angles.
Observe various living creatures.
2. The below picture is Nanji Wetland Park located in Sangam-dong,
Find the right angles in the picture and circle them.
3. Write what you can do at the Han River Park.
Math-4, Triangle 68-69
Let’s fnd acute angle and obtuse angled triangles.
Let’s live with the nature!
An environment-friendly house is built taking the environmental effects into
consideration. This house uses solar energy and recycles used water in order to
protect the environment.
1. Look at the eco-friendly house in the picture.
Color the acute angled triangles in red.
Color the obtuse angled triangles in blue.
2. Let’s build an eco-friendly house using acute angled and obtuse
angled triangles. Draw your own eco-friendly house that concerns
about the environment.
3. What did you consider about the environment when you built your house
in above picture?
Math-5, Mixed calculations 76-77
Let’s do mixed calculations.
Trees! Pleas? save Seoul !
Trees are precious helpers which protect the earth. Trees not only provide fresh
air, clean water and resting places but they also protect us from fooding and drought.
1. Calculate numbers to learn how many people can enjoy fresh air
provided by Gwanaksan.
A dense forest stores water like a dam and provides water
during drought. Hence a forest is also known as a green dam.
For your information, Gwanaksan can store approximately
57.7 trillion tons of water.
The area of Gwanaksan is 1992 ha.
One hectare of forest can produce
fresh air for 7800 people.
2. Color the leaf in yellow if the word on the leaf helps trees grow.
If the word is not helpful in growing a tree, color the leaf in red.
Forest Fire
Acid Rain
3. Multiply the number on the tree by the number on the yellow leaves.
Then, divide the number by the number on the red leaves.
Write the answer in the box.
Math-6, Fractions 98-99
Let’s mix it up.
Recycle milk cartons
Milk cartons and paper cups which are used in daily life can be recycled into
drawing paper and toilet paper. If we recycle all milk cartons and paper cups that
Koreans use a year, we can produce 200 million 1 thousand, 50m-long toilet rolls.
1. Let’s use a fraction to show the amount of milk.
How much milk did Hwan and his friends drink? Use a mixed number to
show the amount of milk that Hwan and his friends drank.
Change the mixed number into improper fraction.
2. Today, Gyeong had a birthday party with her friends.
Gyeong’s mother served rice cakes and beverage.
Look at the picture of Gyeong’s birthday below and circle the
recyclable products.
3. Let’s use a fraction to show the amount of rice cake.
Write the remaining rice cake on the table in improper fraction.
Change the improper fraction into mixed number.
Math-7, Decimals 114~115
Let’s learn about decimals.
Which animal is faster?
Animals are running.
Each animal can run the following distance in one minute.
1. Compare the speed and answer the question.
What is 1m in km? Write the answer in a fraction.
What is 1m in km? Write the answer in a decimal.
2. Look at the pictures of the animals and write their distance in km.
3. Let’s compare a whole number with a decimal number.
Circle the right answer.
When you compare a decimal number containing a whole number,
you compare (whole number part, tenth part) frst.
4. Compare the speed of each animal and rank their speed in order of
Math-8, Finding patterns 120-121
Let’s fnd patterns and write them in words.
Tying seashells
Shells are boneless animals surrounded by hard outer layer. There are various
types of shells including fan-mussels, clams and cockles.
<Natural Enemies>
Starfish are the
natural enemy of
the clams because
they eat clams
Seashells eat
such as
Shells are the outer
part of the clams which
protect the softer part
of the animal.
When threatened, clams
close their shells tightly
to protect themselves
from the enemies.
<How they move>
’ have mall, weak
leg’. They do not use their
legs to move around. The
waves move the clams.
Clams’ legs are used
only to support
their body.
1. When you arrange the shells like in the picture below, how many
shells do you need in the box?
2. Color the shell necklace in a pattern.
(Example: blue-red-red-blue-blue-red-red)
Draw the shape that will come next in the box.
How many shells do you need?
Describe your painting pattern.
Environment story of the Seoul Metropolitan Government
Gwanghwamun, built in the Joseon Dynasty, is the main gate of Gyeongbok
Palace. Gwanghwamun was named during the reign of King Sejong and it
means that it is ‘a gate to broadly show national authority and culture’.
During the Japanese Invasion, Gwanghwamun was destroyed by fre together
with Gyeongbok Palace and it was reconstructed in 1865. After that, the gate’s
structure and location changed several times throughout the Japanese colonial
period and the Korean War. Recently, efforts from the civic society helped the
gate to be restored to its original structure and location.
1904 2005
Gwanghwamun is surrounded with beautiful natural landscapes such as
Bukhansan and Inwangsan. Gwanghwamun Square provides a resting place to
the citizens and it is a tourist destination that includes the statue of King Sejong,
the statue of Admiral Yi Soonshin, the Historical Waterway and the Haechi
We are trying to transform the Gwanghwamun Square into an environment-
friendly site. Imagine that you are the Mayor of Seoul and write what you
would do to upgrade the square.
< Statue of King Sejong >
< Historical waterway >
< Statue of Admiral Yi Soonshin >
< Haechi Museum >
There are many types of living creatures in soil, including ants, grubs and earth-
worms. Among them, earthworms are very benefcial both for the people and the
ecological environment.
1. Think how earthworms nourish the soil and fnd the answer from
the box below to complete the sentence.
Earthworms eat and decompose ( )
or food waste on the surface of the ground.
Earthworm waste contains various
( ) and fertilizes the soil.
Earthworms make tunnels or holes in the soil to help ( )
and water permeate through the ground.
air , sunshine, dead leaves, micro-organisms, water, stones
Science-2, Surface changes on Earth
Let’s learn about the soil that helps plants to live.
Thank you, earthworms!
2. Play a true or false game about earthworms with your partner.
3. Draw an earthworm which benefts people and the environment
and give it a nickname.
Earthworms are helpful creatures which fertilize the soil and beneft the farms.
The micro-organisms in earthworms’ waste fertilize the soil.
Earthworms can be found on the surface of the ground on a sunny day.
Earthworms can eat as much food waste as half of their body weight
We can reduce food waste by feeding food waste to earthworms in the
fowerpot at home.
Earthworms grow up to become snakes.
Science-2, Surface changes on Earth 68-69
Let’s learn how water change the earth’s surface
Precious forests!
Dense forests protect the soil and prevent fooding. Tall trees hold the soil with
their deep-spreading roots and small trees and grasses soak up water from the
soil like a sponge to prevent fooding. In addition to that forests provide us more
1. In picture B, there are no trees on the mountains.
Think about why trees disappeared and write your ideas.
2. The below shows the benefts we get from a forest. Choose the right
word from the box below and complete the sentence.
fresh air.
Forests are
home to
( ).
store and
resting places
for people
to walk
protect us
Tree roots
hold the
ground and
people from
( )
( )
and food.
Flooding, dam, timbers, dead leaves, living creatures
Science-2, Surface changes on Earth 74-75
Let’s look around the beach.
My friend, mudflats!
Mudfats are fat coastal wetlands composed of mud and sand. They are under
water when seawater comes in, and the land appears when water goes out.
Mudfats are found at west and southern coasts of Korea.
Mudfats are home to a wide range of
( liv th ) and provide
livelihood to fshermen.
Mudfats are ( h e ) to water birds
Mudfats are a place for ( tou )
to enjoy recreational activities at the
beach and observe sea creatures.
Mudfats can flter
( pol ).
1. Look at the pictures and fnd out what benefts mudfats provide to us.
Fill in the blanks using the spelling hints.
2. Let’s play a mudfat game and learn what lives in mudfats.
<How to play>
1. Play rock-paper-scissors. The winner rolls the dice frst.
2. Starting from the Go space, the player advances the number of spaces as shown on the
rolled dice.
3. Advance two more spaces if the space you land on shows a creature from the mudfat or
move two spaces backward if you land on a space showing other creature.
4. The player who reaches the Arrival space becomes the winner.
Gastropod Jellyfish
Cockle Mackerel
Mud Snail
Many living creatures are found in mudfats including gastropods, long-legged
octopuses, clams, croakers, shellfsh, lugworms, mud snails and crabs.
Science-3, The life cycle of a plant 88-89
Let’s learn what plants need to grow.
Well ? Where is this seed from?
The World Cup Park is located in Sangam-dong, Seoul and it is consisted of
Pyeonghwa Park, Nanjicheon Park, Haneul Park and Noeul Park.
A wide range of plants, trees, insects and birds are found in the parks.
Before the World Cup Park was created, the site used to be a place full of garbage
produced by the Seoul citizens, and animals and plants could not live in the site.
1. Compare the two pictures below and write how the place has changed.
2. Various types of plants are now found in Haneul Park because seeds
have come from other places.
How do these seeds travel? Look at the pictures and fll in the blanks.
3. Look at the picture of the plants that can be found in Haneul Park
and description of their seeds. Connect the plants with the right seed
Seeds travel by the
( ).
Some seeds are transported
by ( ).
( ) moved
seeds to new places.
Asters - light green, egg-
shaped seeds.
Chickweed – Round, dark-
brown seeds.
Clover – Yellow or brown and
round-shaped seeds like beans.
Science -3, The life cycle of a plant 98-99
Let’s learn about prerequisites for plants to grow.
The annual cycle of trees
Korea has four distinct seasons. In some trees, leaves do not change color
throughout the year while some trees’ leaves change colors as season changes.
1. The following pictures are trees in summer and fall.
Circle trees whose leaves change color.
Summer Fall
Zelkova trees
Pine trees
Maple trees
2. The Seoul Metropolitan Government is making an effort to preserve
pine trees on Namsan. The beauty of the pine tree is well expressed
in Korean national anthem. Make a rhyming poem of three lines
starting with the word pine tree.
3. The Seoul Metropolitan Government planted many kinds of street
trees along the road to provide clean air and to create beautiful
landscaping. Research the trees you can fnd on the streets and how
their leaves look like.
Name of the tree How the leaf looks like
Science-3, The life cycle of a plant 110-111
Let’s compare the life cycle of plants.
Do you know the name of this plant?
The seed germinates. The plant grows and fowers. The fower produces fruits, and
then the fruit releases seeds. This is the life cycle of a plant. You can fnd many
kinds of plants around your house or in parks.
1. Purple or wine colored pansies are commonly found in felds or parks.
Look at the picture below showing the life cycle of pansies and write down
each stage.
I know 5-6 plants: Excellent! You are a plant expert.
I know 3-4 plants: You are interested in plants.
I know 0-2 plants: Why don’t you start learning about plants?
My name is ( ).
I got my name because I
look like a horse’s tail.
I am poisonous and not
My name is ( ).
The color of the fower is same
as my name. The fowers are
usually produced in spring
with a four-lobed corolla.
My name is ( ).
I am well known for my
graceful shape and abundance
of fowers. I am frequently
used for ornamental purposes
and fower arrangements.
My name is ( ).
The fower consists of four
yellow petals. I can be toxic in
moderate dose, but also can be
used for therapeutic purposes
when used at the correct dosage.
My name is ( ).
As you can see in my name,
I usually live in Korea.
My Korean name shows that
people appreciate me since
my roots purify water.
My name is ( ).
I usually have three leafets,
but sometimes more. People
consider it as a good luck to
fnd me with four leafets.
bridal wreath, horsetail, clover, chelidonium, Korean persicary, lilac
your score?
Science-4, Water with many faces 124-125
Let’s learn why water is important.
Good to drink! Arisu!
Arisu is the brand name of Seoul’s tap water which was named after the name of
Han River during the Goguryeo period. Arisu is supplied to each household after
going through various purifcation processes.
1. Did you drink Arisu at home or school?
When did you drink it?
Where did you drink it?
How did it taste?
2. Let’s learn about Arisu through a quiz. Read the description of
Arisu and tap water and color the space in blue if you think it is
3. Use the below words and introduce Arisu to your friends living in
other regions, who do not know Arisu.
You have to
boil Arisu before
drinking it.
It is O.K.
to let tap water
It is safe
and good to
drink Arisu.
Preservative is
used to sterilize
tap water.
We can save energy
through saving tap water.
Green tea leaves are
effective to remove odor of
from tap water.
Han River
Seoul Water
Tap water
Tap water does
not conduct
Boiling Arisu destroys all
of its nutrients.
Science-4, Water with many faces 126-127
Let’s learn how to recycle rainwater.
Rainwater can be recycled!
Rainwater falling on roads or roofs fows straight into the river or the sea.
Wouldn’t it be better if we store such wasted rainwater to prepare for droughts
or water shortages?
1. If you were a raindrop, where would you want to travel?
Choose one site from the pictures below and write about where you
would travel, what you would see and how you would feel.
2. Have you ever heard that rainwater is also a precious water resource?
Think about how you can use rainwater and write your ideas.
3. We are going to make a bookmark to inform people how to reuse
rainwater. Make your own bookmark by drawing your wonderful
ideas in the box below.
Science-4, Water 150-151
Let’s learn about water cycle.
Building Han River Park together
In the city of Seoul, there are Han River Parks which provide place for people
to enjoy nature or rest. Efforts from many people helped us to transform the Han
River into a fantastic area where we can proudly show to the world.
1. Hwan went to a Han River Park, located in Gwangnaru, with his family
last weekend.
Write what you would have done at the park, if you were Hwan.
Why do you
want to visit
this park?
Park Name
How do you
get there?
Share your ex-
perience about
the park.
Han River Park
Han River Park
Han River Park
Han River Park
Han River Park
Han River Park Jamwon
Han River
Han River
Han River Park
Han River Park
Han River Park
Han River Park
2. The following is the list of the Han River Parks in Seoul.
If you want further information, visit the website of the Hangang
Project Headquarters of Seoul Metropolitan Government
Choose one of the Han River Parks on the map below that you
would like to visit and learn about the park.
English, 4th grade frst semester 2
Let’s learn how much carbon dioxide is emitted from various transportation methods.
Travelling emit carbon dioxide!
In order to absorb the amount of carbon dioxide emitted from a car, 164 50-year
old cedar trees are required. How can we reduce carbon dioxide emissions?
1. What kind of transportation methods do we use to travel?
Write the means of transportation that you can think of.
Environmental story in English
(1) What transportation discharges a lot of carbon dioxide? ( )
(2) What transportation discharges less carbon dioxide? ( )
2. Hwan’s family is trying to visit his grandmother’s home,
which is 25km away. How much carbon dioxide will be produced
during the trip?
3. Which transportation discharges a lot of carbon dioxide?
Write three means of transportation which discharge carbon dioxide
a lot and three means of transportation which discharge less.
Car Bus
Airplane Subway
Train Bicycle
Amount of
carbon dioxide
Amount of
carbon dioxide
Let’s use transportation that emits
less carbon dioxide to save the earth.
Environmental Protection
Action Checklist
Building a Green Seoul with
Hwan and Gyeong
What have you done to conserve the environment throughout the semester?
Evaluate your behavior and write the result. (Write ^^ if you have done well and TT if you have not)
Separate the recyclable wastes
Earn Eco-miles
Turn off the tap when washing face and brushing teeth
Reduce waste
Do not leave the food
Do not open the refrigerator frequently
Clean up the garbage from out-door activities
Do not dispose of waste on the street
Practice green consumption
Share your goods with your friends
Do not use disposable products
Walk or ride a bicycle for short distances
Turn off the TV or computer when not in use
Love animals, plants, nature and the earth
Remain indoors during the yellow sand alert
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