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Pocket-Size 18-Range
DigitaI MuItimeter
22-809.fm Page 1 Friday, March 31, 2000 10:21 AM
2
SPECIAL PANEL MARKINGS
For your safety, we have added special mark-
ings to the meter's panel to remind you of the
measurement limitations.
Caution: Risk of electric shock! Refer to the com-
plete operating instructions.
Caution: Be extra careful when making high-voltage
measurements. DO NOT TOUCH TERMÌNALS OR
TEST LEAD ENDS.
WARNING: To reduce the risk of fire or shock hazard, do
not expose this product to rain or moisture.
CAUTION
RÌSK OF ELECTRÌC SHOCK. DO
NOT OPEN.
!
‹ 2000 Tandy Corporation. AII Rights Reserved.
RadioShack and RadioShack.com are trademarks
used by Tandy Corporation.
22-809.fm Page 2 Friday, March 31, 2000 10:21 AM
3
Warnings:
‡ USE EXTREME CAUTÌON ÌN USE OF THÌS DEVÌCE.
ÌMPROPER USE OF THÌS DEVÌCE CAN RESULT ÌN
ÌNJURY OR DEATH. FOLLOW ALL SAFEGUARDS
SUGGESTED ÌN THÌS OWNER'S MANUAL ÌN ADDÌ-
TÌON TO NORMAL SAFETY PRECAUTÌONS ÌN DEAL-
ÌNG WÌTH ELECTRÌCAL CÌRCUÌTS. DO NOT USE
THÌS DEVÌCE ÌF YOU ARE UNFAMÌLÌAR WÌTH ELEC-
TRÌCAL CÌRCUÌTS AND TESTÌNG PROCEDURES.
NOT FOR COMMERCÌAL OR ÌNDUSTRÌAL USE.
CAUTION: TO REDUCE THE RÌSK OF ELECTRÌC
SHOCK, DO NOT REMOVE COVER OR BACK. NO
USER-SERVÌCEABLE PARTS ÌNSÌDE. REFER SER-
VÌCÌNG TO QUALÌFÌED PERSONNEL.
This symbol is intended to alert you to the
presence of uninsulated dangerous volt-
age within the product's enclosure that
might be of sufficient magnitude to consti-
tute a risk of electric shock. Do not open
the product's case.
This symbol is intended to inform you that
important operating and maintenance
instructions are included in the literature
accompanying this product.
!
22-809.fm Page 3 Friday, March 31, 2000 10:21 AM
4
‡ ÌF THÌS EQUÌPMENT ÌS USED ÌN A MANNER NOT
SPECÌFÌED BY THE MANUFACTURER, THE PRO-
TECTÌON PROVÌDED BY THE EQUÌPMENT MAY BE
ÌMPAÌRED.
‡ TO REDUCE THE RÌSK OF FÌRE OR SHOCK HAZ-
ARD, DO NOT EXPOSE THÌS PRODUCT TO RAÌN OR
MOÌSTURE.
A WORD ABOUT SAFETY
We have taken every precaution in designing
this meter to ensure that it is as safe as we can
make it. Safe operation depends on you, the op-
erator. We recommend that you follow these
simple safety rules.
‡ Never apply voltages to the meter that
exceed the limits given in the specifica-
tions. Never apply more than 500V DC or
500V AC between the test leads and
ground.
‡ Use extreme caution when working with
voltages above 100V. Always disconnect
22-809.fm Page 4 Friday, March 31, 2000 10:21 AM
5
power from the circuit you are measuring
before you connect test leads to high-
voltage points.
‡ Never connect to a source of voltage when
you select the diode check or resistance
measurement function.
‡ Always discharge any capacitors of the cir-
cuit under test before you attach test leads.
‡ Always turn off power and disconnect the
test leads from the circuit you are testing
before you replace the meter's battery.
‡ Never operate the meter unless its battery
compartment cover is fully closed with the
screw fully tightened.
‡ This equipment is rated for installation CAT
ÌÌ 300V.
22-809.fm Page 5 Friday, March 31, 2000 10:21 AM
6
‡ Because many AC/DC sets have a poten-
tially hot chassis, be sure the top of your
workbench and the floor underneath it are
made of non-conductive materials.
‡ This meter is fully calibrated and tested.
Under normal use, no further adjustment is
required. Ìf the meter requires repair, do not
try to adjust it yourself. Take it to your local
RadioShack store.
ˆ Contents
Features ........................................................ 8
Specifications ............................................. 11
Operation .................................................... 13
Using the Meter .................................... 13
22-809.fm Page 6 Friday, March 31, 2000 10:21 AM
7
Making Measurements ............................... 17
Measuring DC/AC Voltage .................... 17
Measuring AC Voltage Riding on a DC
Source Bias ........................................... 18
Measuring Resistance .......................... 21
Checking Diodes ................................... 22
Checking Continuity .............................. 24
Checking 1.5V Button-Cell Batteries ..... 25
Using the Data Hold And (Power) Reset
Button .................................................... 25
Using Data Hold ............................. 25
Using Power Reset ........................ 26
Care ............................................................. 27
Cleaning the Multimeter ........................ 28
Replacing the Batteries ......................... 28
22-809.fm Page 7 Friday, March 31, 2000 10:21 AM
8
Features
ˆ Features
Your RadioShack Pocket Size 18-Range Digital
Multimeter is a portable, compact multimeter
that is ideal for field, lab, shop, and home appli-
cations. Ìts 3
3
/4-digit digital display can show up
to 3,200 units. Ìt measures AC voltage up to
500 V, DC voltage up to 500 V, and resistance
up to 30 MΩ.
Your meter's modern semiconductor technology
brings "big meter" performance to a pocket-
sized instrument. The multimeter's other fea-
tures include:
Data HoId ÷ holds data on the display to free
your hands.
Auto Power Off ÷ automatically turns power
off about 10 minutes after you stop using the
meter.
22-809.fm Page 8 Friday, March 31, 2000 10:21 AM
9
Features
Hard Case ÷ protects the meter and secures
the test leads inside its compartment.
Low-Battery Indicator ÷ shows you when bat-
tery power is low.
Diode Check Function ÷ lets you safely
check semiconductors for open, shorted, or nor-
mal junctions.
Continuity Function ÷ quickly checks the
continuity of wires or traces, and buzzes if the
wire or trace is continuous.
Latest Integrated Circuit (IC) and DispIay
TechnoIogy ÷ ensures reliability, accuracy,
stability, and ease of operation.
1.5 VoIt Button CeII Battery Tester ÷ lets you
test button-cell battery power.
22-809.fm Page 9 Friday, March 31, 2000 10:21 AM
10
Features
UL Listed ÷ the meter passes the stringent
safety tests required by Underwriters Laborato-
ries.
Important:
‡ This meter is not designed for outdoor use.
‡ Completely read this manual before you
use the meter.
‡ Ìf you are not familiar with multimeters and
testing procedures, we suggest you read
Using Your Meter (RadioShack Cat. No.
62-2039, not supplied) before using the
meter.
22-809.fm Page 10 Friday, March 31, 2000 10:21 AM
11
Specifications
ˆ Specifications
Display ...... LCD 3
3
/4-Digit Digital 3200 Units Display
DC VoIts
320mV ......................... “ 0.8% of Reading, +4 Digits
3.2V/32V/320V/500V ... “ 1.3% of Reading, +4 Digits
AC VoIts
3.2/32V/320V/500V (45 ~ 400 Hz) “2.3 % Reading +
8 Digits
Resistance
320/3.2K/32K/320K Ohm . “2.0 % Reading + 4 Digits
3.2M Ohm ........................ “3.5 % Reading + 4 Digits
32M Ohm .......................... “10 % Reading + 5 Digits
MisceIIaneous
Range Control ......................................... Auto Range
Ìnput Ìmpedance ............................ 10Ω (DC V/AC V)
Continuity Function ...... Buzzer Sounds at Less Than
20Ω
22-809.fm Page 11 Friday, March 31, 2000 10:21 AM
12
Specifications
Operating Temperature ......................... 32ƒ to 104ƒF
(0ƒ to 50ƒC)
Storage Temperature ............................ 14ƒ to 122ƒF
(÷10ƒ to 60ƒC)
Relative Humidity ...................... 80% RH (Maximum)
Power Source ............................. Two 357A Batteries
Power Consumption ........................... 0.34mA (DCV)
Dimensions (HWD) ........................
14
/16 × 3 × 4
5
/8 in
(18 × 76 × 117 mm)
Weight (with Battery) ....................................... 3.9 oz
(110 g)
Specifications are typical; individual units might vary.
Specifications are subject to change and improve-
ment without notice.
22-809.fm Page 12 Friday, March 31, 2000 10:21 AM
13
Operation
ˆ Operation
USING THE METER
Warning: Do not try to measure voltage greater
than 500V DC or 500V AC.
Cautions:
‡ For the most accurate reading, the temper-
ature should be between 64.4ƒ and 82.4ƒF
(18ƒ and 28ƒC), with a relative humidity of
no more than 80%, with no condensation.
‡ The test leads are permanently attached to
the meter. Do not try to remove them.
‡ Ìf 21/ (overload) appears, the value you
are measuring exceeds the meter's maxi-
mum range. This is normal when you mea-
sure resistance, diode, buzzer, or when
you do not have the leads connected to a
22-809.fm Page 13 Friday, March 31, 2000 10:21 AM
14
Operation
component. Ìf you are measuring voltage,
immediately disconnect the test leads from
the circuit.
1. To open the meter, press the latch on the
case, then open the case. Remove the test
leads from inside the case.
When you take readings, keep the meter
lying flat on a non-metallic surface.
2. Rotate the function switch to the function
you want to use. Then connect the test
leads to the circuit you want to measure. To
measure different circuits, see "Making
Measurements¨ on Page 17.
3. When you finish using the meter, set the
function switch to OFFž.
4. First place the wires, then the test leads
inside their compartment to secure them.
22-809.fm Page 14 Friday, March 31, 2000 10:21 AM
15
Operation
5. Close the cover.
Your multimeter automatically sets itself to the
range that gives the best reading. See the unit
of measurement on the display to distinguish
the range.
Measure Range DispIay Accuracy Remarks
Rdg = reading dgt = digits Accuracy in the case of sine wave AC.
320m
V
0.1mV “0.8% rdg +
4 dgt
Ìnput impedance
>100 MΩ
3.2 V 1 mV “1.3% rdg +
4 dgt
Ìnput impedance
approximately 11
MΩ
32 V 10 mV “1.3% rdg +
4 dgt
Ìnput impedance
approximately
10MΩ
320 V 100 mV
500 V 1 V
3.2 V 1 mV “2.3% rdg +
4 dgt
For AC sine
wave 45
Hz~400 Hz
Ìnput impedance
approximately 11
MΩ
32 V 10 mV Ìnput impedance
approximately
10MΩ
320 V 100 mV
500 V 1 V
22-809.fm Page 15 Friday, March 31, 2000 10:21 AM
16
Operation
320Ω 0.1Ω “2.0% rdg +
4 dgt
1.3V max test
voltage
Test current
<0.7mA
3.2 KΩ 1Ω Test current
<0.13mA
32 KΩ 10Ω Test current
<13µA
320
KΩ
100Ω Test current
<1.3µA
3.2
MΩ
1 KΩ “3.5% rdg +
4 dgt
Test current
<0.13µA
32 MΩ 10 KΩ “10% rdg + 4
dgt
320Ω 0.1Ω Buzzer sound
at approxi-
mately <20Ω
Test current
<0.7mA
1.3V max test
voltage
3 V 1 mV “10% rdg + 5
dgt
Test current
approximately 0.6
mA
3V max test
voltage
Measure Range DispIay Accuracy Remarks
22-809.fm Page 16 Friday, March 31, 2000 10:21 AM
17
Making Measurements
ˆ Making#
Measurements
MEASURING DC/AC VOLTAGE
Warning: The maximum input limit for voltage
measurement is 500V DC and 500V AC. To
avoid electrical shock and damage to the meter,
never try to measure a DC or AC voltage above
500 V.
1.5V 1mV “10% rdg + 5
dgt
Measure Range DispIay Accuracy Remarks
22-809.fm Page 17 Friday, March 31, 2000 10:21 AM
18
Making Measurements
Follow these steps to measure DC or AC volt-
age.
1. Set the function switch to (to measure
DC voltage) or (to measure AC voltage).
All display segments briefly appear.
2. Connect the test leads to the circuit you
want to test.
Note: Ìf you are measuring a voltage that is ex-
actly 3.2, 32, or 320V, 21/ briefly appears.
MEASURING AC VOLTAGE RIDING
ON A DC SOURCE BIAS
To measure an AC voltage superimposed on a
DC voltage source bias, you must first measure
the DC and AC voltages separately, then com-
pute the peak voltage using this formula:
Peak VoItage = DC VoItage +
AC VoItage
.707
22-809.fm Page 18 Friday, March 31, 2000 10:21 AM
19
Making Measurements
Warnings:
‡ Never clamp a test lead to a hot wire (usu-
ally red, black or blue in AC wiring circuits).
Ìf one lead is clamped to a hot wire and you
touch the meter's other lead, you could
receive an electric shock.
‡ To avoid injury to yourself or damage to
your multimeter, never try to measure an
AC voltage that is riding on a DC source
bias where the peak voltage exceeds 100
V with respect to earth ground.
Caution: Never try to measure any voltage
more than 30V AC on a DC source bias.
Notes: The display might show a phantom
reading in some DC and AC voltage ranges
when the test leads are not connected to a cir-
cuit. This is normal. The high input sensitivity
produces a "wandering¨ effect. When you con-
22-809.fm Page 19 Friday, March 31, 2000 10:21 AM
20
Making Measurements
nect the test leads to a circuit, a real measure-
ment appears.
Follow these steps to measure AC voltage
riding on a DC voltage:
1. Set the function switch to .
2. Connect the test leads to the circuit you
want to test. The display shows the DC
voltage.
3. Disconnect the test leads from the circuit.
4. Set the function switch to .
5. Connect a 0.1 µf/100V Mylar capacitor in
series with the positive terminal of the volt-
age source and the positive (+) test lead.
6. Connect the test leads to the circuit you
want to test. The display shows the AC
voltage.
22-809.fm Page 20 Friday, March 31, 2000 10:21 AM
21
Making Measurements
7. Compute the peak voltage using the peak
voltage formula (see "Measuring AC Volt-
age Riding on a DC Source Bias¨ on
Page 18).
MEASURING RESISTANCE
The resistance measuring circuit in your meter
compares the voltage gained through a known
internal resistance with the voltage developed
across an unknown resistance.
Warning: Be sure the circuit you are measuring
has all power removed and any associated ca-
pacitors are fully discharged before you make a
resistance measurement.
Caution: Your meter has a circuit to protect the
resistance range from over-voltage. However,
to prevent accidentally exceeding the protection
circuit's rating and to ensure a correct measure-
ment, never connect the test leads to a source
of voltage while the function switch is set to .
22-809.fm Page 21 Friday, March 31, 2000 10:21 AM
22
Making Measurements
1. Set the function switch to . All display
segments briefly appear.
Note: Ìf there is no resistance connected
across the test leads or the measured
value exceeds separate ranges, 21/
appears when you set the function switch
to . This is normal.
2. Connect the test leads across the circuit
you want to measure, or remove one of the
component's leads you want to measure
from its circuit and connect the test leads
across the component. The meter automat-
ically reads and displays the proper range.
CHECKING DIODES
You can check diodes, transistors, and other
semiconductors for opens, shorts, and normal
operation with your multimeter. You can also
determine the forward voltage for diodes, in-
22-809.fm Page 22 Friday, March 31, 2000 10:21 AM
23
Making Measurements
cluding LEDs (light-emitting diodes) using this
procedure.
Caution: Do not connect the test leads to a
source of voltage when you set the function
switch to . This could damage the meter or
circuit.
1. Set the function switch to then press
the button until appears.
2. Remove power from the circuit you want to
measure.
3. Connect the test leads across the circuit
you want to measure, or remove one of the
component's leads you want to measure
from its circuit and connect the test leads
across the component. Then note the first
reading.
4. Reverse the test leads and note the second
reading.
22-809.fm Page 23 Friday, March 31, 2000 10:21 AM
24
Making Measurements
Note: The values that appear during the diode
check show the actual forward voltage (max.
2.0V).
CHECKING CONTINUITY
You can use the meter to check for shorted or
open electrical circuits.
1. Set the function switch to then press
the button until appears. 21/
appears.
Caution: Do not connect the test leads to a
source of voltage when you set the function
switch to . This could damage the
meter.
2. Connect the test leads to the circuit to be
checked. The display shows the actual
resistance value. Ìf the circuit resistance is
less than 20 Ohm, the meter's buzzer
sounds.
22-809.fm Page 24 Friday, March 31, 2000 10:21 AM
25
Making Measurements
CHECKING 1.5V BUTTON-CELL
BATTERIES
1. Set the function switch to .
2. Connect the red test lead to the battery's
positive (+) side, and black test lead to the
negative (÷) side.
3. The voltage value appears on the display.
USING THE DATA HOLD AND
(POWER) RESET BUTTON
Using Data HoId
You can use the data hold feature to free your
hands. Press D.H./RESET. '+ appears and the
measured data remains on the display.
22-809.fm Page 25 Friday, March 31, 2000 10:21 AM
26
Making Measurements
Using Power Reset
Ìf you do not operate the meter for about 10
minutes, the meter automatically turns off to
save battery power.
To restore power quickly, press D.H./RESET.
The display segments briefly light, and the pre-
vious data is lost.
Note: You can use the D.H./RESET button to re-
store power only when the meter has automati-
cally turned off. You cannot use it to turn on the
meter.
22-809.fm Page 26 Friday, March 31, 2000 10:21 AM
27
Care
ˆ Care#
To enjoy your multimeter for a long time:
‡ Keep the multimeter dry. Ìf it gets wet, wipe
it dry immediately, and make sure that the
meter is completely dry before using it.
‡ Use and store the multimeter only in nor-
mal temperature environments.
‡ Handle the multimeter gently and carefully.
Do not drop it.
‡ Keep the multimeter away from dust and
dirt.
‡ Use only a fresh battery of the required size
and type.
Modifying or tampering with the multimeter's in-
ternal components can cause a malfunction and
22-809.fm Page 27 Friday, March 31, 2000 10:21 AM
28
Care
might invalidate its warranty. Ìf your multimeter
is not performing as it should, take it to your lo-
cal RadioShack store for assistance.
CLEANING THE MULTIMETER
To keep the meter looking new, occasionally
wipe it with a cloth slightly dampened with wa-
ter. Do not use harsh chemicals, cleaning sol-
vents, or strong detergents to clean the meter.
Warning: Do not let any water drip inside the
meter while cleaning it.
REPLACING THE BATTERIES
Your multimeter comes with two 357A alkaline
batteries. When %7 appears or the display dims
or slows down, the battery power is low and the
meter cannot measure accurately. Replace the
batteries with fresh ones.
22-809.fm Page 28 Friday, March 31, 2000 10:21 AM
29
Care
Warnings:
‡ To avoid electrical shock, disconnect both
of the meter's test leads from any equip-
ment before you install or remove the
meter's battery.
‡ Keep button-cell batteries away from chil-
dren. Swallowing a button-cell battery can
be fatal.
‡ Do not operate your meter until the batter-
ies are properly installed and the battery
compartment cover is in place and
secured.
‡ Dispose of old batteries promptly and prop-
erly. Do not burn or bury them.
Cautions:
‡ Use only fresh batteries of the required size
and recommended type.
22-809.fm Page 29 Friday, March 31, 2000 10:21 AM
30
Care
‡ Do not mix old and new batteries, different
types of batteries (standard, alkaline, or
rechargeable), or rechargeable batteries of
different capacities.
Follow these steps to install batteries.
1. Set the function switch to OFFž to turn off
the multimeter.
2. Place the multimeter face down on a flat
surface.
22-809.fm Page 30 Friday, March 31, 2000 10:21 AM
31
Care
3. Using a Phillips screwdriver, remove the
screw securing the battery compartment.
4. Slide the battery compartment cover in the
direction of the arrow to remove it.
5. Remove the old batteries and replace them
with new ones as indicated by the polarity
symbol (+) marked inside the compartment.
6. Replace the cover and reinsert and tighten
the screw.
Caution: Ìf you do not plan to use the multime-
ter for a few weeks or longer, remove the batter-
ies. Batteries can leak chemicals that can
destroy electronic parts.
22-809.fm Page 31 Friday, March 31, 2000 10:21 AM
03A00
22-809 Printed in Taiwan
Limited Ninety-Day Warranty
This product is warranted by RadioShack against manufacturing defects in material and
workmanship under normal use for ninety (90) days from the date of purchase from Ra-
dioShack company-owned stores and authorized RadioShack franchisees and dealers.
EXCEPT AS PROVÌDED HEREÌN, RadioShack MAKES NO EXPRESS WARRANTÌES
AND ANY ÌMPLÌED WARRANTÌES, ÌNCLUDÌNG THOSE OF MERCHANTABÌLÌTY AND
FÌTNESS FOR A PARTÌCULAR PURPOSE, ARE LÌMÌTED ÌN DURATÌON TO THE DURA-
TÌON OF THE WRÌTTEN LÌMÌTED WARRANTÌES CONTAÌNED HEREÌN. EXCEPT AS
PROVÌDED HEREÌN, RadioShack SHALL HAVE NO LÌABÌLÌTY OR RESPONSÌBÌLÌTY TO
CUSTOMER OR ANY OTHER PERSON OR ENTÌTY WÌTH RESPECT TO ANY LÌABÌL-
ÌTY, LOSS OR DAMAGE CAUSED DÌRECTLY OR ÌNDÌRECTLY BY USE OR PERFOR-
MANCE OF THE PRODUCT OR ARÌSÌNG OUT OF ANY BREACH OF THÌS WARRANTY,
ÌNCLUDÌNG, BUT NOT LÌMÌTED TO, ANY DAMAGES RESULTÌNG FROM ÌNCONVE-
NÌENCE, LOSS OF TÌME, DATA, PROPERTY, REVENUE, OR PROFÌT OR ANY ÌNDÌ-
RECT, SPECÌAL, ÌNCÌDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTÌAL DAMAGES, EVEN ÌF RadioShack
HAS BEEN ADVÌSED OF THE POSSÌBÌLÌTY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
Some states do not allow limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts or the exclusion
or limitation of incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitations or exclusions
may not apply to you.
Ìn the event of a product defect during the warranty period, take the product and the Ra-
dioShack sales receipt as proof of purchase date to any RadioShack store. RadioShack
will, at its option, unless otherwise provided by law: (a) correct the defect by product repair
without charge for parts and labor; (b) replace the product with one of the same or similar
design; or (c) refund the purchase price. All replaced parts and products, and products on
which a refund is made, become the property of RadioShack. New or reconditioned parts
and products may be used in the performance of warranty service. Repaired or replaced
parts and products are warranted for the remainder of the original warranty period. You will
be charged for repair or replacement of the product made after the expiration of the war-
ranty period.
This warranty does not cover: (a) damage or failure caused by or attributable to acts of
God, abuse, accident, misuse, improper or abnormal usage, failure to follow instructions,
improper installation or maintenance, alteration, lightning or other incidence of excess volt-
age or current; (b) any repairs other than those provided by a RadioShack Authorized Ser-
vice Facility; (c) consumables such as fuses or batteries; (d) cosmetic damage; (e)
transportation, shipping or insurance costs; or (f) costs of product removal, installation, set-
up service adjustment or reinstallation.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which vary
from state to state.
RadioShack Customer Relations, 200 Taylor Street, 6th Floor, Fort Worth, TX 76102
We Service What We Sell 12/99
22-809.fm Page 32 Friday, March 31, 2000 10:21 AM

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