Outline of the project
Abstract
Introduction Literal review
Methodology Analysis of results Conclusion
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The evaluation for the school district is very difficult to determine exactly what factor which affect on test score. A portion of the data collected for the 608 school district. The Cincinnati Enquirer gathered data from Ohio Department of Taxation (The Cincinnati Enquirer. The poverty and others factors affects on the school district's performance. The methodology used in this study is multiple regressions to indicate the relation between the factors which are existing in the report such as (family income. Test scores from schools in more affluent neighborhoods tend to be better than test scores from schools in poorer neighborhoods In the United States. 1997). public schools are run by school districts. which are independent special-purpose governments. which are under the control of state and local government. ADC (Aid for Dependent Children). the percentage of students who pass exams and the percentage of students who qualify for free or reduced price lunches.
Introduction Many people have commented on the relationship between income levels and test scores in public schools.Abstract This paper attempts to examine the relationship between the family income and the test score. In our case family income played a critical role more
. or dependent school systems. Proficiency scores measure a student's mastery of skills and understanding in a topic area. November 30.

and for providing disincentives for women to join the workforce the percentage of Free lunch or reduced-price are the percentage of students who quality for free or reduce lunch. The analysis indicate that each public school district's fourth. It was criticized for offering incentives for women to have children. sixth.
. ninth and twelfth grade proficiency exam scores along with Median family income and the degree of welfare and the free or reduced priced lunch which children have it. dependent variable which the variable that is being predicted (the family income) and independent variables which the variables that provides the basis for estimation (percentage of students passing the tests. Poverty just makes it harder. Class size and number of instructor assistant is the strongest predictor of how students will perform. Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) was a federal assistance program in effect from 1935 to 1996. It means a lunch served by a school district participating in the national school lunch program to a student qualifying for national school lunch program benefits based on family size-income criteria. We used multiple regression to calculate Correlation analysis so. ADC is the percentage of each school district's student on ADC. This program provides financial assistance to children whose families had low or no income.than teacher pay. Although the family income gives many of facilities but sometimes' 'Poor kids can achieve at the same levels as affluent kids. which was administered by the United States Department of Health and Human Services.

. They will exploit their children to improve family positron better than going to high school education or to deduct part of family income to pay high expenditure in professional school. Among black women age 25-34 without a high school education. They will look for how can cover their needs not how can improve their children proficiency score. nearly two out of three (61. So educators say children who grow up in poverty are not doomed to fail in school.
Among blacks without a high school education. The result is that overall funding for districts with high poverty rates is often higher than the funding for more affluent districts. education levels reflected in student test scores. because when all members family live in the atmosphere of the poverty. Notice that the family income reflects strong effect on student proficiency test scores. almost half (47. Homebuyers pay attention to schools when considering which house to buy. they don't care.1%) of those age 2534 had incomes below the federal poverty.Literal review
Donald Haurin co-author of the study and professor of economics at Ohio State
Student scores do not affect on the education issues only but sometimes it convert the district's house prices high to low Or vice versa. Differences in family incomes.5%) lived in poverty.

Teachers see the problems brought by poverty first hand: First-graders who come to school without knowing their numbers."
Donald Haurin
Parents who own their own home may be helping to boost their children’s educational achievements and even reduce behavioral problems. are readily available and easy to understand."
"If you pay people more money and they do the same old things. however. He learns because you bought him a book or a chemistry teacher." said Ohio Senate President Richard Finan. reading achievement is up to 7 percent higher and behavioral problems are 1 to 3 percent lower. No kid ever learned chemistry because you put a $20 bill on his table. it doesn't improve achievement. all because he went to a high-quality school. math achievement scores are up to 9 percent higher.
. the school will not get as much credit. But in the end. "The money is not always spent wisely. and difficult for the public to understand. Haurin said. if his test scores are not as high as that of the privileged student. R-Evendale. which makes them more influential with the public. alphabet or full name.Test score or the student? A disadvantaged student in a different school district could end up improving his test scores more than the privileged student. according to a new nationwide study. Proficiency test scores. "Sometimes it's difficult to know what it's spent on. One problem for school districts is that the value-added approach is difficult for researchers to measure. Parents' moves around the city force their children to change schools annually. The research showed that for children living in owned homes rather than rental units." we have to exploit the money to create new approach in running the system of education.

746 -0.Results for: Data Regression Analysis: Median Income versus Rank. Each the percentage of free lunch increase.94$.973 0.210 % Free Lunch
First: There are relations between Median income and (Rank.790 0. the median income will increase by1.
Correlations: Rank. % Free Lunch.0% fifty six percent of the variation in the median income is accounted for by these four variables.
. ceteris paribus. % Passed.698 0. ceteris paribus. the median income will decrease by 210$.593 -0.
R-Sq = 56. Each the percentage of passed student increase the median income will goes up by 256$. The regression equation is Median Income = 9384 + 1. Median Income
Rank % Passed % on ADC % Free Lunch Median Income % Passed % on ADC % Free Lunch
-0.. Each the percentage of ADC increase. the median income will increase by 130$. % Passed. % passed.94 Rank + 256 % Passed + 130 % on ADC .889 -0.755 -0.667 -0. ceteris paribus.694 0.. % on ADC. For each the rank School or country will achieve.704
% passed and % free lunches have strong Correlation with median income and % on ADC has the weakest correlation with median income. on ADC and free lunch). .

November 30. %passed . Science.3 when both (Rank.9 dollar in the median income. the median will increase 1. free lunch ). The b2 of256% indicates that for each increase of one student passing the exam. One of those two variables should be dropped. reading.The correlation between the percent on ADC and percent of free lunch is 0.94 Rank + 256 % Passed + 130 % on ADC. When we use the statistic is the sciences of collecting.889 which is above the 0.x. 1997. ninth-. 7 rule of thumb level. the median income will increase by 256 dollars. the multiple regression and Correlation analysis.%ADC. The data collected for the 608 School district. Therefore. indicating multi collinearly. The variables classified into dependent and independent (x. ceteris paribus. sixth-. indicates that the regression equation intersects the Y axis at 6. The b2 of 1. and twelfth grades in early 1996. Collected data on the math. The b3 of130% indicates that for each increase one percent in the Aid for dependent Children. writing and citizenship proficiency exams given to fourth-.
Analysis
The Cincinnati Enquirer.210 % Free Lunch Y (median income) is the value of the Dependent variable what is being predicted or explained a (Alpha) 9384 is the Constant or intercept. is the better way to help us better explain or predict the dependent variable Y=a + b1X1 + b2X2 + b3X3+b4X4 Median Income = 9384 + 1. ceteris paribus.9 indicates that for each increase of one in the Rank.x) variables. the median income will
. analyzing and interpreting data to assist in making more effective decisions.

percent on school district's on ADC.x. The characteristics of coefficient of multiple indicates that. are the percentage of students who Quality for free or reduced price lunch ) is the strong association. explained by the set of (percentage of students passing the test. percent of passing student pass. ceteris paribus.x2. so R-Sq = 56. the relation between the median income (dependent variable) and the independent variables for instance Rank of Schools. Df (Degree of freedom) in the" repression "row is the number of independent variables. So R = 0. SS total. use the regression Sum of square. SSR then divided by the total sum of squares. The b3 of 210 indicates that for each increase one percent-of free lunch.56 is near to1 means that. the median income will decrease by 210 dollars.3. this is random error. so K = 4.56 By Minitab output. indicates that the percent of variation in the median income.increase by 130 dollars. percent on free lunch.x4. The ANOVA Table uses to calculate the residual or error variation. Coefficient of multiple Determinations: the percent of variation dependent variable Y.
Coefficient of Multiple Determination=
ssR/ss total
7603435585 /13580287552=0.0%. The degrees of freedom in the "Error "is n-(k+1) = 608-(4+1) =603.
. If can range from 0 indicates little association between the set of independent variables and dependent variable. explained by the Set of independent variables x1. percent of school district's students on ADC and the percent of free lunch.

% Free Lunch.694 0. Median Income Using correlation Matrix indicates that. then drop free lunch because of it lower significant than ADC. Median Income % %on ADC %Free Lunch Median Income Passed -0. the same result 0. 7 rule of thumb level. % Passed. % on ADC.755 -0.889 -0.SSE 13580287552 -5976851967 =7603435585 Correlations: Rank.Total variation = SS total =13580287552 and Residual error or error variance = SSE =5976851967 Therefore. % Free Lunch.790 0. Correlations: % Passed. We noticed that the Rank it is not significant has effects on correlations. % passed and % free lunches have strong Correlation with median income and % on ADC has the weakest correlation with median income indicates that. The regression variation = ss total . indicating multicollinearity.889 is the correlation between the percent of ADC and percent of free lunch.704 % on ADC % Free Lunch
The result indicates that.889 which is above the 0.593 -0.
. % on ADC. the correlation between the percent on ADC and percent of free lunch is 0. One of those two variables should be dropped.

Therefore we choose 120 to give the critical value.05 significance level. Now If F value is less than or equal 2. Using the table for the. H1. then down to 603. move horizontally to 4 degree of freedom in the numerator. The critical value of F is found in appendix B. % ADC). From Mini tab data F equal 191.Inferences in Multiple linear Regressions
Multiple regression analysis has been viewed only as a way to describe the relationship between a dependent variable (the family income) and several independent variables (Rank.45.
For Rank
for % passed for% ADC H0:B2=0 H0:B2=0 H0: B3=0 H0: B3=0
for free lunch H0: B4=0 H0: B4=0
H0:B1=0 H0:B2=0
.(k+1) 608-(4+1) =603.4.78 so we reject H0 (null hypothesis) and accept the alternate hypothesis. because the maximum value 120 and then infinity. K is the value corresponds to the number of independent variables.2. Global test: testing the Multiple Regression model The null hypothesis is The alternate hypothesis
H0:B1=B2=B3=B4
H1: Not all the BI 'S are 0
The degree of freedom is n.45. % passed. we Do not reject the null hypothesis. Evaluating individual Regression coefficient The critical value for t is in Appendix B-2 For a two tailed test. % free lunch.

59. The T value of rank equal 0.value) of percent of free lunch equal -9. Using the . so the decision will reject Ho and accept H1.THE DECISION The test statistic is the t distribution with n -( k+1)= 608 -( 4+1)= 603 degree of freedom.972.05 significance level and Appendix B-2. so the decision will do not reject Ho. The T value of percent of ADC equal 4. The (T. the null hypothesis.1.60.32. The decision rule is to reject Ho if the computed value of t is less than.
.60. so the decision will reject Ho and accept H1. so the decision will reject H0 and accept H1.972 or Greater than 1. The T value of passing student Exam equal 3.

Therefore the government should increase the fund to support the school district. socio-economic status of the family is the major factor. There are two approaches. maintenance and the availability of educational materials – are on average better than those in rental units. There is strong correlation between the family income and student score. It is clear that we must focus on the home environment to improve public education in the U. The first is to augment the home environment by external changes and improvements. Statistically.
. In addition. years of teaching experience. the study suggests. It is clear that home environment is the chief factor influencing success of children in school. having a master’s degree or higher. and extra academic opportunities stand out as variables contributing in some degree to actual district performance.S. the greater stability of homeowners is good for children’s development. Homeownership seems to benefit children because the environments in homes – including such things as safety.
We have reached an extremely important fact.CONCLUSION
The poverty has a strong effect on the students and the school district's performance. The second is to change the home environment itself. When parent have high income level and they own private houses will affects on their children performance. The latter is actually simple.
Teacher salary.

Greece
. and Laura Neergaard Performance-Based Rewards for Teachers: A Literature Review
Owen Harvey-Beavis*
For distribution at the 3rd Workshop of Participating Countries on OECD’s Activity Attracting. Monitoring. and Evaluation of SES Providers Steven Ross. STUDY FINDS Written by Jeff Grabmeier Improving SES Quality State Approval. By Julie Mack | Kalamazoo Gazette (Differences in family incomes. Lynn Harrison. and Kenneth Wong With assistance from Janis Langdon. mainly because it requires a transformation in the way we consider the family.
Reference
Use Methodology and analysis from (statistical techniques in business and economic) lind/Marchal/Wathen . James Ford. Jennifer Harmon.but not easy. Developing and Retaining Effective Teachers 4-5 June 2003. Athens. education levels reflected in student test scores
By Jon Hurdle new state test scores show less than expected drop in student proficiency STUDENT PROFICIENCY TEST SCORES IMPACT HOME VALUES.

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