Aries 27: Lost opportunity regain ed in the imagination

T h e w o r d l o st de sc e n d s f r o m t h e I n d o - E u r o p e a n ( I E ) r o o t l eu - w h i ch means “to loosen, divide, cut apart.” Its p a r on y m s include absolve, a n a l y si s , d i a l y s i s , d i s s o l ve , f o r l o r n , palsy, paralysis, resolute, solution, and solve.1 T h e b a se o f t he w o r d o p p o rt u n i t y d e s c e n d s f r o m t he I E r o o t p e r - 2 w h i c h m e a n s “ t o le a d , p a s s o v e r ” a n d f r o m w h i c h a l s o d e s c e n d d e p o r t , e x p o r t , f e r r y , f e r n , f o r d, i mp o r t a n t , p i e r , p o r c h , p o r t a l , s p o r t , su p p o r t , w a r fa r e , a n d w a y fa r e r . 2 T h e b a s e o f r e ga in e d d e s ce n d s f r om t h e I E r o ot w e i e - w h i c h m e a n s “ t o g o a ft e r s o m e t h i n g w i t h v i g o r , d e s i r e . ” I t s p a r o n ym s i n c l u d e in v it e , v i m ( e b u l li e n t v i t a li t y a n d e n e r g y ; v i g o r ) , v i o l a t e , a n d v io l e n t . 3 F i n a l l y , t he w o r d i m a g i n a t i o n d e s c e n d s f r o m t h e I E r o o t a i m - w h i ch m e a n s “ t o c op y . ” A m o n g i t s p a r on y m s a r e e mu l a t e , im a g i n e , i ma g o , a n d imitate.4 T H E M E S : T h e fi r s t h e m e c on c e r n s BA T T L E / S T R U G G LE . R e c a l l t h a t a p a r o n y m o f r e g a in e d i s t h e w o r d v i o l e n c e a n d t h a t a p a r o n y m o f o p p o rt u n it y i s w a r fa r e . B o t h v i o l e n c e a n d w a r fa r e a r e s y n on y m s of ‘ b a t t le ’ , ‘ c l a s h ’, ‘ f i gh t i n g ’ a n d ‘ s t r u g g l e . ’ A second t he m e concerns B O D I LY I N T E G RI T Y . Re c a l l t ha t t he p a r o n y m s o f l o st i n c l u d e p a r a l y s i s ( lo s s o r i mp a i r m e n t o f t h e a b i li t y t o move a body part, usually as a result of damage to its nerve supply) and p a l s y ( c o m p le t e o r p a r t i a l m u s c l e p a ra l y s i s, o f t e n a c c o mp a n i e d b y l o s s o f s e n s a t i on a n d un co n t r o l l a b le b o d y m o v e m e n t s o r t r e m o r s ) . A m o n g t he

1 Watkins, 2 Watkins, 3 Watkins, 4 Watkins,

C. C. C. C.

(2000), (2000), (2000), (2000),

The The The The

American American American American

Heritage Heritage Heritage Heritage

Dictionary Dictionary Dictionary Dictionary

of of of of

Indo Indo Indo Indo

European European European European 1

Roots, Roots, Roots, Roots,

p. p. p. p.

48 66 97 2

Starling Hunter © 2011

p a r o n y m s o f r e ga in e d i s v i m , a s y n on y m o f v i g o r t h a t m e a n s “ e b u l l i e n t v i t a l i t y a n d e n e r g y ” a n d “ a he a l t h y ca p a c i t y f o r v i g o r o u s a c t i v i t y . ” 5 A t h i r d t h e m e co n c e r n s RE S O L V E a n d t h e l a c k t he r e o f . F i n a l l y, p a r o n y m s o f l o st a n d i m a g i n a t i o n a l s o h a v e a d i s c e r n i b l e r e l a t i o n s h i p . S p e c i f i ca l l y , p a r o n y m s o f t h e f o r m e r i n c l u d e t h e w o r d r e s o l u t e w h i c h m e a n s “ f i r m o r d e t e r m i n e d ; u n w a v e r i n g ” , “ s e t i n p u rp o se o r o p i n i on ” a n d s t e a d f a st . 6 C o m p a re t h i s wi t h t h e w o rd s i m a g in a r y a n d im a g i n a t i v e , b o t h o f w h i c h a re p a r on y m s o f t h e la t t e r . T h e i r s y n o n y m s i n c l u d e w h i m si c a l, q u i x o t i c, ut o p i a n , a n d w h i m s i ca l . 7

5 http://poets.notredame.ac.jp/cgi -bin/wn?cmd=wn&word=vim 6 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/resolut e; http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/r esolute 7 http://thesaurus.com/browse/imaginative Starling Hunter © 2011 2

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