LaTeX

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

"LATEX" redirects here. For other uses, see Latex (disambiguation). For help editing formulas on Wikipedia, see Help:Displaying a formula.
LaTeX

Original author(s)

Leslie Lamport

Platform

Cross-platform

Type

Typesetting

License

LaTeX Project Public License (LPPL)

Website

www.latex-project.org

LaTeX (

/ˈleɪtɛk/, /ˈleɪtɛx/, /ˈlɑːtɛx/, or /ˈlɑːtɛk/) is a document markup language and document

preparation system for the TeX typesetting program. Within the typesetting system, its name is styled as LATEX. The term LaTeX refers only to the language in which documents are written, not to the editor used to write those documents. In order to create a document in LaTeX, a .tex file must be created using some form of text editor. While most text editors can be used to create a LaTeX document, a number of editors have been created specifically for working with LaTeX. LaTeX is widely used in academia.[1][2] As a primary or intermediate format, e.g., translating DocBook and other XML-based formats to PDF, LaTeX is used because of the high quality of typesetting achievable by TeX. The typesetting system offers programmable desktop publishing features and extensive facilities for automating most aspects of typesetting and desktop publishing, including numbering and cross-referencing, tables and figures, page layout andbibliographies. LaTeX is intended to provide a high-level language that accesses the power of TeX. LaTeX essentially comprises a collection of TeX macros and a program to process LaTeX documents. Because the TeX formatting commands are very low-level, it is usually much simpler for end-users to use LaTeX.

This is similar to the mechanism by which many word processors allow styles to be defined globally for an entire document or the use of Cascading Style Sheets to style HTML. [edit]Examples The example below shows the LaTeX input and corresponding output: . As it is distributed under the terms of the LaTeX Project Public License (LPPL).LaTeX was originally written in the early 1980s by Leslie Lamport at SRI International.[3] It has become an important method for using TeX. table. It therefore encourages the separation of layout from content while still allowing manual typesetting adjustments where needed.. Such macros are often collected into packages. the author specifies the logical structure using familiar concepts such as chapter. LaTeX can be arbitrarily extended by using the underlying macro language to develop custom formats. etc. section. In preparing a LaTeX document. LaTeX is free software. in the example below. Indeed.[citation needed]The current version is LaTeX2e (styled as LATEX2ε). the align environment is provided by the amsmath package. Contents [hide] • • • • • • • • • • • 1 Typesetting system 2 Examples 3 Pronouncing and writing "LaTeX" 4 Licensing 5 Related software 6 Versions 7 Compatibility 8 See also 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External links [edit]Typesetting system LaTeX is based on the idea that authors should be able to focus on the content of what they are writing without being distracted by its visual presentation. figure. which are available to address special formatting issues such as complicated mathematical content or graphics. and lets the LaTeX system worry about the presentation of these structures.

page layout. \LaTeX{} was originally written in 1984 by Leslie Lamport and has become the dominant method for using \TeX. % This is a comment. few people write in plain \TeX{} anymore. % The following shows a little of the typesetting power of LaTeX: \begin{align} E &= mc^2 \ m &= \frac{m_0} {\sqrt{1-\frac{v^2}{c^2}}} \end{align} \end{document} . it will not be shown in the final output. tables and figures. The current version is \LaTeXe. bibliographies.\documentclass[12pt]{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \title{\LaTeX} \date{} \begin{document} \maketitle \LaTeX{} is a document preparation system for the \TeX{} typesetting program. including numbering and cross-referencing. and much more. It offers programmable desktop publishing features and extensive facilities for automating most aspects of typesetting and desktop publishing.

In media where the logo cannot be precisely reproduced in running text.[edit]Pronouncing and writing "LaTeX" LaTeX can also be used to producevector graphics. as it requires that modified files must be clearly differentiable from their originals (usually by changing the filename). epsilon. LaTeX is usually pronounced /ˈlɑːtɛk/ or /ˈleɪtɛk/ in English (that is. It is distributed under a free software license. Lamport. or as ch in loch). technique). on the other hand. not with the /ks/ pronunciation English speakers normally associate with X. with a voiceless velar fricative as in Modern Greek. RISC OS and AmigaOS. Microsoft Windows. BSDs. Solaris). TeX's creator Donald Knuth promotes a pronunciation of /ˈtɛx/ (TEKH)[4] (that is. The TeX. as the name of TeX derives from the Greek: τέχνη (skill. the LaTeX Project Public License (LPPL). and chi. E. the word is typically given the unique capitalization LaTeX. The name is traditionally printed with the special typographical logo shown at the top of this page. The LPPL is DFSGcompliant as of version 1. similar to the last sound of the German word "Bach". has said he does not favor or discourage any pronunciation for LaTeX. The LPPL is not compatible with the GNU General Public License.[7] [edit]Licensing LaTeX is typically distributed along with plain TeX. art. X in the name come from capital Greek letters tau. but with a/k/). LaTeX[5] and XeTeX[6] logos can be rendered via pure CSS and XHTML for use in graphical web browsers following the specifications of the internal \LaTeX macro. UNIX system-like OS (Linux OS.3. LaTeX is available on most operating systems including UNIX (Mac OS X. As free software. . The characters T. this was done to ensure that files that depend on other files will produce the expected behavior and avoid dependency hell. OpenSolaris). for this reason. the Spanish "j" sound.

Hàn Thế Thành and others have written a new implementation of TeX called pdfTeX. including Plain TeX. fpTeX (deprecated). More recently. teTeX (deprecated in favour of TeX Live. System vendors may add extra features like additional typefaces and telephone support. UNIX). Different implementations of each of these steps are typically available in TeX distributions. Other WYSIWYG editors that produce LaTeX include Scientific Word on MS Windows.org Writer. MiKTeX (Windows). AMSTeX. Additionally. Traditional TeX will output a DVI file. a new user interface. hyperlink support. which is usually converted to a PostScript file. which also outputs to PDF and takes advantage of features available in that format. TeX documents can be shared by converting the LaTeX . OzTeX (Mac OS Classic). AmigaTeX (no longer available) Latexian (Mac OS X) and PasTeX (AmigaOS. gwTeX (Mac OS X).[9] There are numerous commercial implementations of the entire TeX system. access to arbitrary fonts. the processing sequence (from the user's point of view) goes like this: Macros > TeX > Driver > Output. XeTeX allows the use of OpenType and TrueType (that is. and new documentation. There are also many editors for LaTeX. and ConTeXt. There are many other macro packages for TeX. including TeX Live (multiplatform). [edit]Versions LaTeX2e is the current version of LaTeX. The default font for LaTeX is Knuth's Computer Modern. started in the early 1990s. LyX is a free. GNU Texinfo. When TeX "compiles" a document. proTeXt (Windows). which gives default documents created with LaTeX the same distinctive look as those created with plain TeX. a future version called LaTeX3. WYSIWYG editor with similar functionalities as LaTeX but a different typesetting engine. [edit]Compatibility LaTeX documents (*.[edit]Related software As a macro package. TeXmacs is a free.tex) can be opened with any text editor including Microsoft Word and OpenOffice. The XeTeX engine developed by Jonathan Kew merges modern font technologies and Unicode with TeX. is still in development. A number of TeX distributions are available. available on the Aminetrepository).[8] Planned features include improved syntax. As of 2012. outlined) fonts for output files. LaTeX provides a set of macros for TeX to interpret. WYSIWYM visual document processor that uses LaTeX for a back-end. MacTeX (TeX Live with the addition of Mac specific programs).

ac. illustrations by Duane Bibby (2nd ed. 3. Patrick W. ^ Alexia Gaudeul (March 27.g. Edward. 7.). 1986. Flynn. ISBN 0-201-36299-6. Michel (2004). Retrieved 2008-04-21. Retrieved 2007-07-30. 6. and the Trouble with TeX". Highman. 1999).). ^ Walden. (2003). David (2005-07-15). Knuth. 1. SSRN 908946. Retrieved 2007-04-27. ISBN 0-321-17385-6. Do Open Source Developers Respond to Competition?: The (La)TeX Case Study. ^ Taraborelli. Leslie Lamport's Home Page. "Travels in TeX Land: A Macro. Helmut.). 2. bubl. ISBN 0-898-71383-8.uk ^ Frank Mittelbach. Guide to LaTeX (4th ed.American Mathematical Society extension for LaTeX BibTeX reference management software typically used with LaTeX Comparison of TeX editors List of document markup languages REVTeX . Retrieved 2008-04-21. The PracTeX journal (3). reading    Griffiths. (1997). Learning LaTeX. Goosens. Retrieved 2008-04-21. 9. Philadelphia: Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics. pp. ^ Leslie Lamport (April 23. 193. The TeXbook. Daly. ^ See e. Frank. Formatting Information: A Beginner's Guide to LaTeX (5th online ed. 2007). . 2006). David S. Leslie (1994). 8.   Mittelbach. ^ Donald E. Addison-Wesley. Lamport. p. Chris Rowley (January 12. Boston. Three Software Packages. ISBN 0-201-52983-1. "The LaTeX3 Project" (PDF). The LaTeX Companion (2nd ed. Dario.. Addison–Wesley. "CSS-driven TeX logos". 4. "The Writings of Leslie Lamport: LaTeX: A Document Preparation System". Cork: Silmaril. Kopka. Reading. LaTeX: A document preparation system: User's guide and reference. David F.rtf) or XML. [edit]See also Free software portal      AMS-LaTeX . LaTeX can also be converted to PDF files and shared with anyone. Mass: Addison-Wesley Professional. Peter (2011) [2002]. "TeX and LaTeX logo POSHlets". Addison-Wesley Professional. [edit]Further ^ "What are TeX. LaTeX and friends?". ^ O'Connor.).Publication Styles of the American Physical Society [edit]References 1. This can be done using the free software programs LaTeX2RTF or TeX4ht.file to Rich Text Format (. 5.

Entry for LaTeX. Ctan Edition The TeX Users Group TeX and LaTeX questions and answers at StackExchange LaTeX Wikibook LaTeX3 newsletter Detexify Helps you find symbols in LaTeX Source of LaTeX templates for a wide variety of uses latex-project.org [show]  v  d  e TEX [show]  v  d  e LATEX .[edit]External links Find more about LaTeX on Wikipedia's sister projects: Definitions and translations from Wiktionary Images and media from Commons Learning resources from Wikiversity News stories from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Source texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks   LaTeX home page CTAN — the Comprehensive TeX Archive Network         The TeX Catalogue OnLine.

View page ratings Rate this page What's this? Trustworthy Objective Complete Well-written I am highly knowledgeable about this topic (optional) Submit ratings Categories: • • • • • • • • • þÿ Free TeX software Declarative markup languages Free typesetting software Log in / create account Article Talk Read Edit View history Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Donate to Wikipedia Interaction • Help • About Wikipedia • Community portal • Recent changes • Contact Wikipedia Toolbox Print/export Languages • ‫العربية‬ • বাংলা • Boarisch • Bosanski • Български • Català • Česky • • • • • • .

Inc. • • Contact us Privacy policy .. See Terms of use for details. a non-profit organization. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Dansk Deutsch Eesti Español Esperanto Euskara ‫فارسی‬ Français Galego िहनदी 한국어 Հայերեն Hrvatski Bahasa Indonesia Íslenska Italiano ‫עברית‬ Magyar മലയാളം Bahasa Melayu Монгол Nederlands 日本語 Norsk (bokmål) Occitan Polski Português Română Русский Shqip Simple English Slovenčina Srpskohrvatski / Српскохрватски Suomi Svenska Тоҷикӣ Українська ‫ / ئۇيغۇرچە‬Uyghurche Walon 中文 This page was last modified on 2 February 2012 at 07:39. additional terms may apply. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation.

• • • About Wikipedia Disclaimers Mobile view • • .