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KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS Method to place sperm in the female reproductive tract by means other than sexual intercourse. If the sperm are from the husband, the technique is called artificial insemination husband (AIH). If the sperm are from another man, the method has been called artificial insemination donor (AID). Other terms are donor insemination and therapeutic donor insemination (TDI).

Artificial Insemination 인공수정

Assisted Reproductive Technology 보조생식기술

Various techniques utilized to increase fecundability by nonphysiologic methods of enhancing probability of fertilization. Categories include in vitro fertilization, gamete intrafallopian tube transfer, zygote intrafallopian tube transfer, and tubal embryo transfer.

Asthenospermia 정자무력증 Azoospermia 무정자증

Loss or reduction of the motility of the spermatozoa.

Absence of sperm in the semen.

Clomiphene Citrate 배란유도체 클로미펜

A weak synthetic estrogenic compound with three benzene rings given orally to induce ovulation in anovulatory women with circulating estradiol levels more than 40 pg/mL.

Controlled Ovarian Hyperstimulation (COH) 과배란유도

Inducing development of more than one dominant follicle with pharmacologic agents, usually clomiphene citrate or gonadotropins, also called superovulation or multiple follicular recruitment (MFR). COH is usually combined with intrauterine insemination to treat unexplained infertility.

Fecundability 수정능력

Probability of conception occurring in a population of couples in a given period of time, usually 1 month.

Fimbrioplasty 난관채성형술

Surgical technique of removing adhesions between fimbrial fronds of the partially occluded distal end of the oviduct.

Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer (GIFT) 배우자 난관 내 이식 Hamster Egg Penetration Assay (Sperm Penetration Assay) 실험의 방법, 햄스터 난을 통과하는

Placement of human ova and sperm into the distal end of the oviduct.

Test of the fertilizing ability of human sperm based on their ability to penetrate zona-free hamster ova.

Human Menopausal Gonadotropin (HMG) 폐경의 여성의 소변에서 추출한 성선자극 호르몬

Formulation made up of equal amounts of folliclestimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) derived from urine obtained from postmenopausal women. The injectable agent is used to stimulate follicular development in both anovulatory and ovulatory women. Several urinary extracts are available including one with proportionality greater FSH activity. Recombinant (pure) FSH is often used and recombinant (pure) LH is also available as a supplement.

Hysterosalpingogram (HSG) 자궁난관 조영술

Fluoroscopic and radiographic visualization of the interior of the female upper genital tract after instillation of radiopaque dye.

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) 난세포질내의 정자 직접 주입법

Technique by which a single spermatozoon is injected into the cytoplasm of an ovum.

Infertility 불임

Inability of couples of reproductive age to establish a pregnancy by having sexual intercourse within a certain period of time, usually 1 year. Infertility is considered primary if the woman has never been pregnant and secondary if it occurs after one or more pregnancies.

Intrauterine Insemination 인공수정

Placement of spermatozoa that have been separated from the seminal fluid into the endometrial cavity through a small catheter.

In Vitro Fertilization 체외수정

Fertilization of human ova by sperm in a laboratory environment.

Luteal Phase Deficiency (Inadequate Luteal Phase) 황체기간이 짧은, 부족한 Microsurgery 현미경을 이용한 수술 Oligozoospermia (Oligospermia) 정자 감소증

Deficient progesterone secretion or action resulting in a delay of normal endometrial development.

Operative technique using magnification and fine, nonreactive suture material.

Presence of fewer than 20 million sperm per milliliter of semen.

Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS) 과배란 증후굮

Ovarian enlargement to a diameter of more than 6 cm as a result of stimulation of multiple follicles. In the mild form there is abdominal pain, distention, and weight gain. In the moderate form ovarian enlargement is more than 10 cm in diameter with ascites, nausea, and vomiting. Severe OHSS is associated with hemoconcentration, oliguria, and elevated serum creatine. Pleural effusions and ascites can be present; OHSS becomes critical when hypercoagulability and hypotension occur. This condition may be fatal.

Postcoital Test 성교후 검사 Pronuclear Stage Tubal Transfer (PROST) or Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer (ZIFT) 난관내 배아 이식 Salpingitis Isthmica Nodosa 난관의 협부에 발생하는 결절성 염증 Salpingolysis 난관박리술

Examination of the cervical mucus to evaluate the presence of sperm several hours after sexual intercourse.

In vitro fertilization with transfer of the zygote to the oviducts by transabdominal cannulation.

Diverticula of the endosalpinx in the muscularis of the isthmic portion of the oviduct.

Removal of adhesions attached to an oviduct that appears normal on gross inspection.

Salpingostomy 난관개구술

Surgical creation of a new opening of a completely occluded distal end of the oviduct.

Semen Analysis 정액분석

Quantitation of various parameters of a recently ejaculated semen specimen analyzed after liquefaction has occurred.

Spinnbarkeit 견사성, 국수가락 만들기 Teratozoospermia 기형정자 Treatment-Independent Pregnancy 불임여성이 불임치료 없이 임싞된 Tubal Embryo Transfer (TET) or Tubal Embryo Stage Transfer (TEST) 배아 난관 이식법 Unexplained Infertility 원인불명 불임

Property of elasticity (distensibility) of cervical mucus.

Greater-than-normal (50%) incidence of abnormal forms of sperm in semen analysis.

Infertile women conceiving without use of infertility therapy.

Same as ZIFT, except additional incubation to embryo stage occurs before transfer to the oviducts.

The diagnosis of an infertile couple when ovulation and tubal patency, as well as a normal semen analysis, are all present.

Testicular Sperm Extraction 정소에서 정자를 추출해 내는 시술

Retrieval of sperm from the testis by biopsy or aspiration from men with azoospermia due to obstruction of the vas deferens or epididymis (obstructive azoospermia) or without such obstruction (nonobstructive azoospermia). The sperm are injected into ova retrieved by follicle aspiration by the ICSI procedure.

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