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Are you smarter than a fur trader?

1. Which of the following groups did not become intermediaries in the fur trade?
a. Cree
b. Ojibwa
c. Assiniboine

2. Pemmican was powdered meat mixed with animal fat and

a. Berries
b. Fish
c. Wheat
d. meat
3. Horses were found on the Canadian Prairie by
a. 1710
b. 1750
c. 1800
d. 2004

4. Horses on the Prairies did not do which of these?

a. Added mobility
b. Increased horse theft
c. Changed the names given to babies
d. Increased productivity

5. Contact between Europeans and natives also led to the spread of

a. New diseases
b. Literacy
c. New foods

6. The diseases faced by the natives included

a. Smallpox
b. Measles
c. Whooping Cough
d. Mumps

7. This river proved to be the main artery of the Western fur trade.
a. Red
b. Saskatchewan
c. Assiniboine
d. Peace

8. These two nations largely determined the course of the fur trade in Canada.
a. France and Germany
b. England and France
c. Ukraine and Poland
d. Germany and Italy
9. He was the first trader to reach Lake Athabasca
a. Rudolph Mackenzie
b. Alexander Mackenzie
c. Simon Fraser
d. Peter Pond

10. The North West Company was a coalition of fur traders mainly from
a. Montreal
b. Toronto
c. Edmonton
d. Halifax

11. The Hudson’s Bay Company was founded in

a. 1215
b. 1648
c. 1670
d. 1713

12. Fur trade posts tended to be located

a. Next to rivers
b. In big open plains
c. High up on mountains
d. In lush, green valleys

13. Which of the following did NOT work for the HBC?
a. Henry Kelsey
b. Anthony Henday
c. Sam Steele
d. Samuel Hearne

14. One of the very first inland HBC posts was called
a. Cumberland House
b. Fort Victoria
c. Fort Langley
d. Prince Rupert

15. James Cook’s crew learned that sea otter furs could be sold in China for as much
a. $35 each
b. $56.92 each
c. $100 each
d. $120 each

16. The sea otter trade tended to be MORE or LESS violent than the beaver trade.
17. About how many sea otter pelts were traded annually at the trade’s height?
a. 2,500
b. 5,000
c. 10,000
d. 20,000

18. The North West Company was originally organized in

a. 1670
b. 1776
c. 1779
d. 1837

19. HBC’s Hudson Bay posts gave

a. A shorter route to London than for the NWC
b. More beach front property
c. A longer route to London than for the NWC

20. Which disease caused many deaths among the natives?

a. Chicken pox
b. Small pox
c. Cow pox
d. Malaria

21. Where was the HBC headquartered? London or Montreal

22. What drew the Europeans to Canada?

a. Fur
b. Land
c. Food
d. War

23. True or False: The Europeans traded among each other before the Europeans
24. Pemmican was packed in a ______ kg pack.
a. 30
b. 40
c. 50
d. 60

25. For Prairie hunters, what animal did the horse replace?
a. Buffalo
b. Cats
c. Dogs
d. Wolves

26. How many related groups made up the Blackfoot Confederacy?

a. 3
b. 7
c. 10
d. 22

27. By what name did the French know the Pacific Ocean?
a. Chinese Sea
b. Western Ocean
c. Great Ocean
d. Western Sea

28. Where did retired NWC veterans “hang out” in Montreal?

a. Beaver Club
b. Moose Club
c. Montreal Club
d. Canadian Club

29. What was the name of James Cook’s ship? Was it Resolution or Discovery?
30. How were buffalo killed before natives got guns?
a. Ran them off a cliff.
b. Shot them with rifles
c. Body slammed them
d. Shot them with bows and arrows

31. Which river marked the approximate boundary between the grasslands and the
wooded country?
a. South Saskatchewan
b. North Saskatchewan
c. Peace
d. Nelson

32. Which company built its first inland trading post in 1774?
a. HBC
b. NWC
c. ABC Company
d. XYZ Company

33. Who made up the lower ranks of the NWC? French Canadian Voyageurs

34. What was a low ranking HBC employee called?

a. Servant
b. Slave
c. Caillou
d. Factor

35. In 1821 these two fur trading companies merged:

• XYZ and HBC
• NWC and HBC
• HBC and ABC
• ABC and NWC

36. In 1846 Britain and the US drew the border at the 49th parallel. This gave Britain
B.C. and the US which territory?
• Oregon
• Louisiana
• Kentucky
• Indian

37. Why did First Nations trade with the Europeans?

• Compassion
• Desire for new types of goods
• To show superiority
• To declare war

38. In what year did Peter Pond cross overland to the Athabasca country? 1778.
39. With the companies’ merger in 1821, what river lost much of its importance in the
fur trade? St. Lawrence