Ralph • Optimistic “so you see, sooner or later, we will be rescued” -He is hopeful and certain that they will be rescued soon. • Clever and Prioritised “We must make a fire.” -This shows priortisation as this is the first thing they do as the fire is the only hope for rescuing the boys on the island. “We need hunters to get us meat.” -This is the second thing they do. • Determined “We’ve got to relight the fire” • Mature “the fire is the most important thing on the island” -He constantly urges the boys to keep the fire alight at all times. • Civilised • Democratic “seems to me we ought to have a chief to decide things” -Ralph lets everyone have a say in assemblies and choosing what to do.

Jack • Arrogant “I ought to be chief...because I’m chapter chorister and head boy” -Immediately, he thinks he should be elected chief. • Commanding “Choir! Stand still” -He uses imperatives to order the choir around. • Mean “You shut up” -Laughs and intimidates Piggy all the time. “Serve you right if something did get you” • Savage and Violent “Kill the pig! Cut his throat! Spill his blood! -Jack and his hunters reenact the killing of the pig. • Bloodthirsty “You should have seen the blood” -He loves the sight of blood. “If I could only get a pig” -He loves killing pigs.

Piggy • Intelligent “How can you expect to be rescued if you don’t put first things first and act proper” -He prioritises and tells the boys to do the most important things first. ‘What intelligence on the island was traceable to Piggy”

anarchy takes over because any hope of strong leadership has been abandoned. ‘The conch exploded into a thousand white fragments and ceased to exist. we might have gone home. who took any notice of ‘em? Who knows how many we got?” • Resourceful “The first thing we ought to have made was shelters down here by the beach” “We could make a sundial” -This shows Piggy’s resourceful idea of telling the time. Ralph says “I’ll give the conch to the next person to speak” Only the person holding the conch may speak. “They might have seen us.” Piggy cleans his glasses frequently representing clear sightedness.’ The island society collapses in chaos. But they don’t know where we are ‘cos we never got there” • Caring “The little uns. Piggy cried out in terror’. Ralph says “You said you’d keep the fire going and you let it out!” He is especially angry when the boys don’t keep the fire alight. and authority among the boys. Fire-The smoke of the fire symbolises the best hope of the boys being rescued.” As long as the fire is up the boys have a change of being rescued. When ‘Piggy’s glasses flew off and tinkled on the rocks. . Piggy defends his glasses even more than the conch showing its importance over the conch. When Jack destroys it. Piggy tries to protect it showing how important it is. “I’ve got to have them specs. The boys use Piggy’s classes to light the fire representing common sense. this shows that the conch has a lot of authority over the boys. Perhaps they knew where we was going to. • Asthmatic “Can’t catch me breath” Symbolism and Motifs Conch-The conch symbolises law and order of the adult world. Piggy’s Specs-They symbolise the voice of reason and logic or intelligence among the boys.• Mature “Nobody knows where we are.

While the law and order of the adult world is waning. Before the boys set foot on the island. This shows them starting to begin in their savage ways. Jack and the hunters put on face paint to kill the pig. Parachute Man-The dead body flying in the parachute symbolises the end of adult supervision. The boys are isolated from civilisation. the boys have no contact with the outside world. Only Simon knows that the beast is the boys’ internal fear but he is killed as the boys mistake Simon as the beast. Face Paint-Face Paint is the excuse many of the boys use for living as hunting savages.. and the beast is still alive.Island-The island represents the real world. as they are scared. Then. didn’t you? I’m part of you?.. The island was ‘roughly boat-shaped’. people are hunted down and the whole island is burned down. It talks to Simon “You knew. It is located in the soul and mind of they boys. leading them to the natural chaos of a society with no adults. Simon realises the man is dead. instead of civilised English citizens. In reality the beast is only their own [internal fear. Beast-The beast is seen as a real object on the island which frightens the boys. Lord of the Flies symbolises the power of evil and the evilness in the boys. It serves as a mask that allows the boys to become someone they are not. The paint symbolises the smoke screen the beast uses to infiltrate the boys’ souls. Key Themes Darkness of Man’s Heart-Man is essentially evil within their soul. An island is isolated from the rest of society. childish chaos is growing under Jack’s control. . Simon has a special connection with the parachute man when he climbs the mountain to determine if the parachute man is still alive. Lord of the Flies-The severed sow’s head that Jack impales on a stake in the forest as an offering to the beast. I’m the reason why it’s no go? Why things are what they are?” It is only Simon’s hallucination and it does not exist. the island is perfect.

Civilisation vs Savagery-Jack and the hunters become savage and start inviting others to join Jack’s tribe leaving Piggy and Ralph as the only civilised people left. .

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