MA. CAROLYN B. ESPLANA MEM 655 DR. JOCELYN PICK Assignment: 1.
Research on Human Development Index Formula (HDI) The Human Development Index (HDI) Is a composite statistic used to rank countries by level of "human development", taken as a synonym of the older term standards of living or Quality of life, and distinguish "very high human development", "high human development", "medium human development", and "low human development" countries. HDI was devised and launched by Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq and Indian economist Amartya Sen in 1990. The Human Development Index (HDI) is a comparative measure of life expectancy, literacy, education, and standards of living for countries worldwide. It is a standard means of measuring well-being, especially child welfare. It is used to distinguish whether the country is a developed, a developing or an under-developed country, and also to measure the impact of economic policies on quality of life. There are also HDI for states, cities, villages, etc. by local organizations or companies. New method for 2011 data onwards In its 2010 Human Development Report the UNDP began using a new method of calculating the HDI. The following three indices are used: 1. Life Expectancy Index (LEI)
2. Education Index (EI)
2.1 Mean Years of Schooling
2.2 Expected Years of Schooling Index (EYSI)
3. Income Index (II)
Finally, the HDI is the geometric mean of the previous three normalized indices:
. the following formula is used:
Where respectively. to transform a raw variable. say . The formula defining the HDI is promulgated by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) In general.LE: Life expectancy at birth MYS: Mean years of schooling (Years that a 25-year-old person or older has spent in schools) EYS: Expected years of schooling (Years that a 5-year-old child will spend with his education in his whole life) GNIpc: Gross national income at purchasing power parity per capita
Method used until 2011
HDI trends between 1975 and 2004 OECD (Central and) Eastern Europeand the CIS Latin America and theCaribbean East Asia Arab States South Asia Sub-Saharan Africa
This is the methodology used by the UNDP up until its 2011 report.
are the lowest and highest values the variable
can attain. into a unit-free index between 0 and 1 (which allows different indices to be added together).
The Human Development Index (HDI) then represents the uniformly weighted sum with ⅓ contributed by each of the following factor indices: Life Expectancy Index =
Education Index =
Adult Literacy Index (ALI) =
Gross Enrollment Index (GEI) =
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Bataan Cavite Batanes Bulacan Rizal Batangas Laguna Pampanga Ilocos Norte Benguet La Union Ilocos Sur Pangasinan Tarlac Isabela Nueva Ecija Quezon Zambales Oriental Mindoro Sorsogon
Pampanga Cebu Batangas Bulacan Rizal Cavite Nueva Ecija La Union Ilocos Norte Camarines Sur Iloilo Pangasinan Bohol Tarlac Davao del Sur Laguna Bataan Guimaras Albay Negros Occidental
Batangas Abra Cavite Bulacan Marinduque Batanes Oriental Mindoro Nueva Ecija Bataan Rizal Isabela Pangasinan Laguna Eastern Samar La Union Mt. Population. which produces different number of HDI. Province Cagayan Benguet Camarines Sur Romblon
Batanes Bataan Cavite Rizal Bulacan Laguna Batangas Pampanga Ilocos Norte Benguet Ilocos Sur Tarlac Nueva Viscaya Tawi-Tawi Zambales La Union Quezon Aurora Pangasinan Isabela
. How HDI of your province differ from others? Other organizations/companies may include Democracy Index.
Province Misamis Oriental Negros Occidental Palawan Romblon Misamis Occidental Bukidnon South Cotabato Camiguin Sultan Kudarat Apayao Surigao del Norte Davao (del Norte) Biliran Kalinga Zamboanga de Sur Leyte Davao del Sur Surigao del Sur North Cotabato Agusan del Norte Eastern Samar Siquijor Zamboanga del Norte Negros Oriental Davao Oriental Samar (Western) Sarangani Masbate Northern Samar
Isabela Zambales Benguet Misamis Oriental Sorsogon South Cotabato Quezon Ilocos Sur Sarangani North Cotabato Leyte Davao Oriental Surigao del Norte Negros Oriental Zamboanga de Sur Bukidnon Nueva Vizcaya Cagayan Biliran Southern Leyte Oriental Mindoro Marinduque Misamis Occidental Catanduanes Capiz Aurora Siquijor Davao (del Norte) Romblon Batanes Masbate Occidental Mindoro Abra Aklan Sultan Kudarat Camiguin Camarines Norte Quirino Zamboanga del Norte Lanao del Norte Antique Palawan Agusan del Norte Surigao del Sur Northern Samar Apayao Kalinga Mt. Province Southern Leyte Sultan Kudarat Camiguin Catanduanes Albay Cagayan Misamis Occidental Zamboanga del Norte Zamboanga de Sur Davao del Sur Camarines Sur Surigao del Sur Samar (Western) Agusan del Sur Davao (del Norte) Misamis Oriental Surigao del Norte Negros Occidental North Cotabato Cebu Leyte Biliran Romblon Sarangani Bohol Negros Oriental Northern Samar Maguindanao
.21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69
Aurora Iloilo Marinduque Abra Nueva Vizcaya Camarines Sur Cebu Albay Guimaras Aklan Occidental Mindoro Cagayan Quirino Antique Catanduanes Southern Leyte Camarines Norte Capiz Bohol Mt. Province Eastern Samar
Camarines Norte Quezon Catanduanes Ilocos Sur Aurora Ilocos Norte Agusan del Norte Zambales Southern Leyte Iloilo Tarlac Bohol Siquijor Albay Occidental Mindoro Quirino Sorsogon Camiguin Misamis Oriental Davao (del Norte) Pampanga Cebu Misamis Occidental Surigao del Sur Nueva Vizcaya Negros Occidental Biliran Sultan Kudarat Antique Guimaras Aklan Surigao del Norte Capiz Palawan Leyte Bukidnon Masbate Zamboanga de Sur Samar (Western) Apayao Kalinga Northern Samar North Cotabato Zamboanga del Norte Negros Oriental Davao Oriental South Cotabato Agusan del Sur Lanao del Norte
Aklan Oriental Mindoro Apayao Antique Kalinga Quirino Occidental Mindoro Iloilo Palawan Abra Marinduque Nueva Ecija Capiz South Cotabato Guimaras Ifugao Bukidnon Sorsogon Camarines Norte Basilan Mt.
Many people lived here were educated and was enrolled in school. We need to uplift more to gain in the highest rank. Laguna differ from other provinces in terms of HDI. Laguna ranked 7 out of 77 provinces. Laguna ranked #16. Education Index and Income Index. weighted average of functional literacy and combined elementary and secondary net enrolled rate and real per capita income.
. In fact. As well as because of this. In terms of life expectancy. Ranked 16 are not too bad for us. In Health Index. Overall. Laguna is soon to be a city. We have more buildings like malls that people can get a job. in Human Development Index (HDI). Education index in Laguna ranked #13. there are also squatters who lived here. Maybe because many people here are poor. which is not bad in our province. We have low rate in illiteracy.70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77
Agusan del Sur Lanao del Norte Ifugao Basilan Tawi-Tawi Lanao del Sur Maguindanao Sulu
Basilan Agusan del Sur Samar (Western) Ifugao Lanao del Sur Maguindanao Sulu Tawi-Tawi
Davao del Sur Sarangani Lanao del Sur Maguindanao Ifugao Tawi-Tawi Basilan Sulu
Davao Oriental Agusan del Norte Masbate Eastern Samar Siquijor Lanao del Norte Lanao del Sur Sulu
Explanation: Laguna is my province. I think this ranked is average for me in 77 provinces ranked. People here can’t afford to undergo a health check up eventhough we have some centers located in different barangay. This shows that Laguna is not lowest in progressing of change. It is because we have established and industrialized companies. Health Index. Laguna do not have enough public hospitals that can accommodate poor people and also not enough materials or equipments used in the hospitals. Laguna still goes to improving provinces which people like me is very proud of being Lagueño. Laguna in Income index ranked #6.